CN103381381B - Material grinder - Google Patents

Material grinder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103381381B
CN103381381B CN201310327918.2A CN201310327918A CN103381381B CN 103381381 B CN103381381 B CN 103381381B CN 201310327918 A CN201310327918 A CN 201310327918A CN 103381381 B CN103381381 B CN 103381381B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
platform shape
taper platform
inversed taper
rotary body
slag charge
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201310327918.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103381381A (en
Inventor
李伟东
沈阳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FANGCHENG SANLI THERMAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
FANGCHENG SANLI THERMAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FANGCHENG SANLI THERMAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical FANGCHENG SANLI THERMAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310327918.2A priority Critical patent/CN103381381B/en
Priority to CN201510233378.0A priority patent/CN104826707B/en
Publication of CN103381381A publication Critical patent/CN103381381A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103381381B publication Critical patent/CN103381381B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/24Passing gas through crushing or disintegrating zone
    • B02C23/32Passing gas through crushing or disintegrating zone with return of oversize material to crushing or disintegrating zone

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Crushing And Pulverization Processes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a material grinder which comprises a machine casing, wherein a reversed frustum-shaped rotating body and a reversed frustum-shaped filtering support member are arranged in the machine casing, the rotating body is movably connected with the machine casing through a spindle, fixed blades and movable blades are distributed on the circumferential side of the rotating body, satisfactory smashed materials are filtered into a cavity formed by the filtering support member and the machine casing, satisfactory smashed materials and unsatisfactory slag cannot be fed back together, unnecessary work load of devices and staff can be reduced, device resistance is reduced, device efficiency is improved, a whole material down channel is in a gradually narrowed state, the materials performed with certain smashing procedures can still keep certain compactness when moving to a lower gap and the lower materials can be efficiently and fully smashed.

Description

Materials crusher
Technical field
The present invention relates to crushing material equipment technical field, particularly relate to a kind of materials crusher.
Background technology
At present, pulverizer traditional on market is owing to mostly being horizontal pulverizer, and lack thickness material separating mechanism, in actual applications, due to material usually once pulverize be difficult to completely qualified, need feed back repeatedly repeat pulverize, conventional size reduction machine needs to be carried out by whole material repeating to pulverize, which adds personnel and equipment workload, time-consuming efficiency is low, and power consumption is high; Particularly or vigorous property material larger for some water content, situation is even more serious, often occurs the blocked and situations such as machine of choking of screen cloth in actual applications, and material difficulty or ease are pulverized, and easily cause equipment downtime, even damage equipment; This kind of material jaw crusher or edge runner do not reach crushing effect at all, and material can be pressed into mud cake shape, and adopt beater grinder easily to cause material to be bonded on fixed disk, stall is shut down.
Application number disclosed in 20 days March in 2013 be 201210456393.8 patent of invention disclose a kind of continuous vertical stir pulverizer, primarily of decelerator, shaft coupling, upper bearing (metal), lower bearing, shaft, cylindrical shell, blade fixed disk, revolving vane, fixed blades and elastic shock-absorbing device composition, upper on cylindrical shell, in lower bearing, shaft is installed and fixedly mounts decelerator or hydraulic motor with shaft coupling in the overhanging upper end section of shaft, the cylinder inner segment of this shaft is regular polygon shaft part, on the regular polygon shaft part of this shaft, uniform compartment of terrain is fixing is from top to bottom set with blade fixed disk, uniform fixed installation revolving vane on the regular polygon dish of each blade fixed disk, the inwall of cylindrical shell fixedly mounts abrasion-proof backing block, the fixed blades of compartment of terrain circumference uniform distribution fixed installation from top to bottom on the inwall of cylindrical shell, the relative motion of revolving vane and fixed blades, material is made to reach the effect be uniformly mixed while pulverizing.
Its weak point is: 1) lack thickness feed separation mechanism, and when carrying out feed back pulverizing for the disposable material being difficult to pulverize, repeat to pulverize qualified material, cause facility load to increase the weight of, person works measures increase, affects operating efficiency and power consumption increase; 2) cylindrical tube body structure, easily causes material to decline too fast, the abundant comminuting matter of difficulty or ease.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to aim to provide and a kind ofly both can realize thickness feed separation while pulverizing, material gait of march, materials crusher that crush efficiency is higher can be limited again.
The technical scheme adopted for realizing object of the present invention is: a kind of materials crusher, comprise casing, inversed taper platform shape rotary body and inversed taper platform shape filtration support member are set in casing, described rotary body is flexibly connected with described casing by main shaft, within its week, side is laid with fixed blade and movable blades, described filtration support member is fixedly connected with described casing, described bottom of shell arranges the funnel-form slag charge material-falling hopper be communicated with described filtration support member, cabinet top arranges material feeding mouth and slag charge charging aperture respectively, described slag charge material-falling hopper is communicated with described slag charge charging aperture by feed back pipe, described chassis sidewall bottom arranges finished product discharging opening.
Described main shaft bottom is stretched out outside described rotary body, and its extending area arranges rotating vane.
Described chassis backplane is obliquely installed.
Described fixed blade is horizontally set on described rotary body, and described movable blades is arranged on described rotary body by rotating shaft.
Described main shaft two ends are flexibly connected with described casing respectively by axle bed.
Described feed back pipe arranges air-introduced machine.
Described finished product discharging opening is multiple.
Materials crusher of the present invention, by arranging inversed taper platform shape rotary body and inversed taper platform shape filtration support member on main shaft, fixed blade and movable blades are laid in all sides of described rotary body, filter bores on described filtration support member be designed to degree of grinding reach finished product require just by size, satisfactory finished powder particle is filtered to and filters in cavity that support member and casing formed, degree of grinding is undesirable, moves downward continue to pulverize along the slope shape gap of filtering between support member and revolving part, reduce equipment resistance, improve device efficiency, and avoid satisfactory finished powder particle and undesirable slag charge together feed back, minimizing equipment and the unnecessary workload of personnel, enhance productivity, compared with traditional straight tubular construction, structure of the present invention is on the one hand owing to having certain gradient, slowed down the downstream rate of material, make crushing material more abundant, on the other hand, whole material down going channel is in reducing the state of tightening up gradually, make material movement through certain crushing process to underclearance, still can keep certain density, make the crushing material efficiency of bottom higher more abundant, avoid legacy equipment after the material pulverized arrives equipment bottom, sparse, fall too fast, do not have the effect of pulverizing, have effectively achieved and realize thickness feed separation while pulverizing, material gait of march can be limited again, crush efficiency is higher more abundant, described main shaft is provided with rotating vane, described rotating vane is below described rotary body, on the one hand the material advanced to bottom rotary body is carried out to the cutting and grinding of a step again, to material, there is agitaion on the other hand, make undesirable slag charge enter funnel fast, avoid blocking choke machine situation occur, described bottom of shell arranges the funnel-form slag charge material-falling hopper be communicated with described filtration support member, and nonconforming slag charge draws in by described slag charge material-falling hopper, and is transported to slag charge charging aperture by feed back pipe, again pulverizes, described chassis sidewall bottom arranges finished product discharging opening, is convenient to satisfactory finished powder particle to collect, and can be extracted out fast by finished powder particle by air-introduced machine and pipeline, described chassis backplane is obliquely installed, and drastically increases the collection efficiency of finished powder particle, and finished powder particle under gravity, slides to finished product discharging opening voluntarily, avoids finished powder particle and accumulates in equipment, described fixed blade is horizontally set on described rotary body, described movable blades is arranged on described rotary body by rotating shaft, fixed blade can carry out pressure cutting to material, movable blades is under effect of inertia, realize clashing into and pulverize, and by adjusting rotary speed, the adjustment to blade cut capacity can be realized, described main shaft two ends are flexibly connected with described casing respectively by axle bed, significantly enhance the stability of main shaft, improve crush efficiency, described feed back pipe is provided with air-introduced machine, drastically increases feed back efficiency, fast nonconforming slag charge loopback is entered slag charge charging aperture, avoid slag charge to cause the blocking of feed back pipe, by adopting multiple finished product discharging opening, drastically increasing the collection efficiency of the finished powder particle that meets the requirements, avoiding finished powder particle to accumulate in the cavity of pulverizer.The present invention is that crushing material provides and a kind ofly both can realize thickness feed separation while pulverizing, can limit again material gait of march, materials crusher that crush efficiency is higher.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described further:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention two.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1: a kind of materials crusher, comprise casing 8, inversed taper platform shape rotary body 12 and inversed taper platform shape filtration support member 3 are set in casing 8, described rotary body 12 is flexibly connected with described casing 8 by main shaft 4, within its week, side is laid with fixed blade 6 and movable blades 7, described filtration support member 3 is fixedly connected with described casing 8, the funnel-form slag charge material-falling hopper 11 be communicated with described filtration support member 3 is set bottom described casing 8, cabinet top arranges material feeding mouth 5 and slag charge charging aperture respectively, described slag charge material-falling hopper 11 is communicated with described slag charge charging aperture by feed back pipe 2, described casing 8 lower sidewall arranges finished product discharging opening 9.Described main shaft 4 bottom is stretched out outside described rotary body 12, and its extending area arranges rotating vane 10.Described fixed blade 6 is horizontally set on described rotary body 12, and described movable blades 7 is arranged on described rotary body 12 by rotating shaft.Described main shaft 4 two ends are flexibly connected with described casing 8 respectively by axle bed.Described feed back pipe 2 arranges air-introduced machine 1.
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 2: the difference part of the present embodiment and embodiment one is: be ramp structure bottom described casing 8, described finished product discharging opening 9 is arranged on side bottom slope, described main shaft 4 lower end is provided with bearing, and is connected with described casing 8 by support bar, and described finished product discharging opening 9 is multiple.
Materials crusher of the present invention, material is sent in pulverizer through material feeding mouth, the fixed blade on rotary body and movable blades is utilized to carry out cutting and grinding to material, satisfactory finished powder particle is filtered to filters in cavity that support member and casing formed by filtering support member, the undesirable slag charge of degree of grinding then moves downward along the slope shape gap of filtering between support member and revolving part and continues to pulverize, structure of the present invention is on the one hand because blanking channel has certain gradient, slowed down the downstream rate of material, make crushing material more abundant, on the other hand, whole material down going channel is in reducing the state of tightening up gradually, make material movement through certain crushing process to underclearance, still can keep certain density, make the crushing material efficiency of bottom higher more abundant, the rotating vane that main shaft is arranged, the material advanced to bottom rotary body is carried out to the cutting and grinding of a step again, and to material, there is agitaion, undesirable slag charge is made to enter slag charge material-falling hopper fast, avoid blocking choke machine situation occur, nonconforming slag charge draws in by slag charge material-falling hopper, and is transported to slag charge charging aperture by feed back pipe, again pulverizes, described chassis sidewall bottom arranges finished product discharging opening, can be extracted out fast by finished powder particle by air-introduced machine and pipeline, chassis backplane is obliquely installed, and finished powder particle under gravity, slides to finished product discharging opening voluntarily, avoids finished powder particle and accumulates in equipment, fixed blade can carry out pressure cutting to material, and movable blades, under effect of inertia, realizes clashing into and pulverizes, and by adjusting rotary speed, can realize the adjustment to blade cut capacity, described main shaft two ends are flexibly connected with described casing respectively by axle bed, significantly enhance the stability of main shaft, improve crush efficiency, feed back pipe is provided with air-introduced machine, fast nonconforming slag charge loopback is entered slag charge charging aperture, avoid slag charge to cause the blocking of feed back pipe, by adopting multiple finished product discharging opening, improve the collection efficiency of the finished powder particle that meets the requirements, avoiding finished powder particle to accumulate in the cavity of pulverizer.The present invention is that crushing material provides and a kind ofly both can realize thickness feed separation while pulverizing, can limit again material gait of march, materials crusher that crush efficiency is higher.

Claims (3)

1. a materials crusher, comprise casing, it is characterized in that: inversed taper platform shape rotary body and inversed taper platform shape filtration support member are set in casing, described inversed taper platform shape rotary body is flexibly connected with described casing by main shaft, within its week, side is laid with fixed blade and movable blades, described inversed taper platform shape is filtered support member and is fixedly connected with described casing, described bottom of shell setting and described inversed taper platform shape filter the funnel-form slag charge material-falling hopper that support member is communicated with, cabinet top arranges material feeding mouth and slag charge charging aperture respectively, described funnel-form slag charge material-falling hopper is communicated with described slag charge charging aperture by feed back pipe, described chassis sidewall bottom arranges finished product discharging opening, described main shaft bottom is stretched out outside described inversed taper platform shape rotary body, its extending area arranges rotating vane, described fixed blade is horizontally set on described inversed taper platform shape rotary body, described movable blades is arranged on described inversed taper platform shape rotary body by rotating shaft, described chassis backplane is obliquely installed, the pipeline of described finished product discharging opening arranges air-introduced machine.
2. materials crusher as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described main shaft two ends are flexibly connected with described casing respectively by axle bed.
3. materials crusher as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described finished product discharging opening is multiple.
CN201310327918.2A 2013-07-31 2013-07-31 Material grinder Expired - Fee Related CN103381381B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310327918.2A CN103381381B (en) 2013-07-31 2013-07-31 Material grinder
CN201510233378.0A CN104826707B (en) 2013-07-31 2013-07-31 Materials crusher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310327918.2A CN103381381B (en) 2013-07-31 2013-07-31 Material grinder

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510233378.0A Division CN104826707B (en) 2013-07-31 2013-07-31 Materials crusher

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN103381381A CN103381381A (en) 2013-11-06
CN103381381B true CN103381381B (en) 2015-06-10

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CN201510233378.0A Active CN104826707B (en) 2013-07-31 2013-07-31 Materials crusher

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CN105457735A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-04-06 天津横天生物科技有限公司 Smashing system used for powder production
CN106607136A (en) * 2016-05-02 2017-05-03 江苏轻石科技有限公司 Smashing and grinding device used in garbage fertilizer making system
CN106391196A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-02-15 无锡大功机械制造有限公司 Rotary garbage extruding device
CN107876151A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-04-06 无锡厚发自动化设备有限公司 A kind of multistage grinder
CN107866294B (en) * 2017-10-27 2019-06-04 东莞正大康地饲料有限公司 A kind of feed-processing device
CN108970752A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-11 徐志华 A kind of mining broken equipment of multistage mineral powder
CN109046694A (en) * 2018-09-17 2018-12-21 长沙开元仪器有限公司 Grinding type pulverizer
CN113860934A (en) * 2021-09-18 2021-12-31 山东呗特科技发展有限公司 Fertilizer compost agitating unit
CN113560023B (en) * 2021-09-28 2021-12-07 江苏锐拓生物科技有限公司 Bio-based material grinding device
CN117463447A (en) * 2023-11-30 2024-01-30 东台施迈尔新材料科技有限公司 Raw material grinding device for alumina ceramic production

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JP4718019B2 (en) * 2001-01-12 2011-07-06 株式会社大川原製作所 Conical mixing crushing dryer
CN202122993U (en) * 2011-04-29 2012-01-25 广东逸舒制药有限公司 Energy-saving high-efficiency grinding and granulating machine
CN202666943U (en) * 2012-07-09 2013-01-16 潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司 Vertical multi-cutter crushing machine
CN202725280U (en) * 2012-06-28 2013-02-13 安徽瑞虎肥业有限公司 Crushing device with recovery device
CN202962588U (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-06-05 郑州金土地能源科技有限公司 Kitchen waste disposer
CN203389716U (en) * 2013-07-31 2014-01-15 方城县三利热能开发有限公司 Material pulverizer

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CN2310618Y (en) * 1997-07-11 1999-03-17 李黔鲁 Electric heating flour- and pulp-milling pulverizer
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2292611Y (en) * 1997-04-07 1998-09-30 徐州华绿环保机电工程设备厂 House refuse breaking disintegrator
JP4718019B2 (en) * 2001-01-12 2011-07-06 株式会社大川原製作所 Conical mixing crushing dryer
CN201094925Y (en) * 2007-08-15 2008-08-06 南京龙立天目超微粉体技术有限公司 Multiple composite global function all-functional micro mist crushing and grading machine unit
CN202122993U (en) * 2011-04-29 2012-01-25 广东逸舒制药有限公司 Energy-saving high-efficiency grinding and granulating machine
CN202725280U (en) * 2012-06-28 2013-02-13 安徽瑞虎肥业有限公司 Crushing device with recovery device
CN202666943U (en) * 2012-07-09 2013-01-16 潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司 Vertical multi-cutter crushing machine
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CN203389716U (en) * 2013-07-31 2014-01-15 方城县三利热能开发有限公司 Material pulverizer

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103381381A (en) 2013-11-06
CN104826707B (en) 2017-05-31
CN104826707A (en) 2015-08-12

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