CN103378191A - Stretchy type solar photovoltaic assembly and photovoltaic system - Google Patents

Stretchy type solar photovoltaic assembly and photovoltaic system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103378191A
CN103378191A CN2012101221750A CN201210122175A CN103378191A CN 103378191 A CN103378191 A CN 103378191A CN 2012101221750 A CN2012101221750 A CN 2012101221750A CN 201210122175 A CN201210122175 A CN 201210122175A CN 103378191 A CN103378191 A CN 103378191A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
track
solar panel
support
layer
photovoltaic assembly
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CN2012101221750A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李绍辉
黄初旺
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DuPont Apollo Ltd
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DuPont Apollo Ltd
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Priority to CN2012101221750A priority Critical patent/CN103378191A/en
Publication of CN103378191A publication Critical patent/CN103378191A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a stretchy type solar photovoltaic assembly and a photovoltaic system. The stretchy type solar photovoltaic assembly comprises a fixed support and a plurality of layers of solar cell panels, wherein the fixed support is fixed on a supporting face. The fixed support comprises track support bodies. Each track support body comprises a plurality of layers of tracks. The solar cell panels are installed on the tracks. At least one solar cell panel can be stretched out and drawn back in the stretching direction of the track where the solar cell panel is located. The photovoltaic system comprises a carrier and the stretchy type solar photovoltaic assembly which is installed on the top face of the carrier. According to the stretchy type solar photovoltaic assembly, when the solar cell panels are drawn back, the size of the stretchy type solar photovoltaic assembly is effectively controlled, and convenience is brought to carry; when the solar cell panels are stretched out, large-area solar cell panel installation is achieved in a limited supporting face area, the insolation area of the stretchy type solar photovoltaic assembly is effectively improved, and therefore the generated energy of the stretchy type solar photovoltaic assembly is improved.

Description

Contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly and photovoltaic system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of photovoltaic module, relate in particular to a kind of contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly and photovoltaic system.
Background technology
Solar power generation refers to utilize photovoltaic module to collect solar radiation, and transfers solar radiation to electric energy by opto-electronic conversion.Abundant sunlight resource is so that solar energy is inexhaustible; And easy photovoltaic module Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT), the cost that has reduced solar power generation technique drops into.Efficiently, energy-conservation, inexhaustible, the environment friendly and pollution-free solar power generation that makes has possessed deep energy development potentiality, and easy electrification technique as well as input also makes solar power generation overcome the limitation of the transmission of electricity supply network of traditional cities electrical network, even area or some nomadic people that some are comparatively remote can benefit by solar power generation equally.
Especially today of the continuous expansion of human activity in production scope, the step of human exploration exploitation is deeper traditional zone of ignorance gradually.And along with the needs of activity in production scope expansion, be used for the mobile devices such as inhabitation, production, transporting equipment such as container house, container hotel, container cloud computing center and Military Shelter etc. and also develop rapidly.And explore in the traveling process of exploitation the mankind, these mobile devices need constantly to consume a large amount of energy, and the development of photovoltaic module can be satisfied the demand of energy supply in good time, and avoided in the traveling process, carry the problem that traditional fossil energy of the inflammable danger such as large petrol, diesel oil brings, when saving cost, for further developing to expand, the mankind provide energy safeguard.
As supply energy source, good daylighting condition is the prerequisite of solar power generation to solar power generation with solar radiation.Thereby the larger developed area of photovoltaic module needs, thereby the aggregation of assurance photovoltaic module insolation amount.And, to explore in the traveling process of exploitation the mankind, photovoltaic module must keep Self-portable.All provide the packaged type that is installed on container photovoltaic module such as open/notification number for patent/patent application document of WO2011096007, WO2009103726, CN1397695A, CN201850649U for this reason, thereby can satisfy in the long journey route in good time energy supply.The patent application document of the folding solar panel of placing of several piece, publication number WO2009103726 is installed on the top of container such as the patent application document of publication number WO2011096007 in the inside of container the folding solar panel of polylith is installed, launch again when needed, thus the insolation amount area of assurance photovoltaic module.Yet in practical operation, because the solar panel quality is larger, launch to pack up inconvenience for the photovoltaic module that adopts folding placement.And for example although the disclosed technical scheme of publication number WO2009103726 adopts machinery mount and rotating shaft to realize that machinery launches to shrink, because it directly is loaded on solar panel in the container the greatly use of the container of restriction.And Chinese patent discloses/announce in file CN1397695A, the disclosed technical scheme of CN201850649U, solar panel after directly will launching is installed on the top of mobile cavity, this type of scheme has limited the installation quantity of solar panel on the one hand, is not easy on the other hand installing/dismounting and the maintenance of photovoltaic module.
Summary of the invention
Defective for existing photovoltaic module, the invention provides a kind of contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly and photovoltaic system, described contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly has comprised the multilayer solar panel of removable contraction type, can control the photovoltaic module volume during contraction, be convenient to advance, and fully launch when using, guarantee the insolation amount area of solar panel, thereby guarantee the solar panel energy output.
For addressing the above problem, the invention provides a kind of contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly, comprise being fixed on the fixed support on the supporting surface and being installed in multilayer solar panel on the described fixed support;
Described fixed support comprises track support, and described track support comprises the multilayer track; Described multilayer solar panel is installed on the described multilayer track, and at least one layer solar cell plate is along bearing of trend contraction, the expansion of this layer solar cell plate place track.
Alternatively, the track along the solar panel place that the bearing of trend of its place track shrinks, launches comprises track runner.
Alternatively, the track that is positioned at top layer in the described multilayer track comprises fixedly top board, and the solar panel that is positioned at top layer in the described multilayer solar panel is fixed on the described fixedly top board.
Alternatively, in the described multilayer track, remaining track includes track runner except the track that is positioned at top layer.
Alternatively, in the described multilayer solar panel, except the solar panel that is positioned at top layer, the periphery of all the other solar panels is provided with pulley, and described pulley is positioned at described track runner.
Alternatively, described track support comprises a pair of limit track support; The multilayer orbital position of described a pair of limit track support is oppositely arranged.
Alternatively, described track support comprises that also at least one is connected track support, and described linking track support is between described a pair of limit track support; The described linking track support both sides corresponding with described a pair of limit track support are equipped with described multilayer track, and the corresponding setting of multilayer orbital position of the multilayer track support of described linking track support and described limit track support;
The described solar panel of every one deck comprises the polylith solar panel, and each the piece solar panel that is positioned at same layer is fixedly connected with by described linking track support.
Alternatively, described fixed support also comprises detent mechanism, be used for solar panel along the bearing of trend of its place track move and launch or shrink after with being fixedly connected with of described supporting surface.
Alternatively, described detent mechanism comprises along described support bracket fastened track bearing of trend, is installed on the anchor point at described solar panel two ends and is installed on described fixture on the described supporting surface, and described anchor point and fixture structure are complementary.
Alternatively, described fixture comprises a spring catch, and described anchor point comprises riser and the location-plate that is fixedly connected with riser; Described riser is provided with the tie point that the pin feature with described spring catch is complementary; The bearing of trend of the solar panel place track that the flexible direction of the pin of described spring catch is corresponding with this spring catch is vertical;
Two described location-plates at solar panel two ends lay respectively at the both sides of the corresponding spring catch of this solar panel along the bearing of trend that is parallel to this solar panel place track.
Alternatively, by a side direction opposite side or stepped to both sides by the centre, and successively decrease by the track number of plies along the track bearing of trend for described track support.
Alternatively, described track support comprises three layers of track, and the solar panel that wherein is positioned on intermediate layer track and the end layer track shrinks, launches along the bearing of trend of track.
Alternatively, described track support is stepped to both sides from the centre along the track bearing of trend; Described intermediate layer track and end layer track lay respectively at the both sides of top layer track.
In order to address the above problem, the present invention also provides a kind of photovoltaic system, comprises above-mentioned contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly; Take the end face of described carrier as supporting surface, described contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly is positioned at the end face of described carrier.
Alternatively, described carrier comprises the bicycle shed of container, truck or the car body of passenger vehicle.
Alternatively, in the side of described carrier the side solar panel is housed, described side solar panel is flexibly connected by the side of hinge and described carrier; And be provided with the contraction that realizes described side solar panel, the support bar of expansion on the described side, described support bar two ends connect respectively described side solar panel and carrier.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
1. the contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly among the present invention, multilayer solar panel is installed on the fixed support that is provided with on the multilayer track, described multilayer solar panel is installed on the multilayer track, and the described solar panel of one deck can shrink along the bearing of trend of this layer solar cell plate place track, launch at least.Contracted was put about multilayer solar panel was during contraction, effectively the volume of control photovoltaic module during expansion, is realized large-area solar panel installation at limited Area of bearing, the insolation quantity set that has guaranteed solar panel of the present invention is long-pending, improves the energy output of solar panel.
And described support bracket fastened multilayer Track desigh so that each layer solar cell plate be about " drawer " formula shrink, launch, be easy to solar panel and shrink, when launching to use, also be convenient to the installing/dismounting of photovoltaic module, and maintenance.
2. in the possibility, the track that is positioned at top layer in the multilayer track comprises fixedly top board, and the solar panel that is positioned at top layer in the described multilayer solar panel is fixed on the described fixedly top board; Remaining track comprises track runner, and each layer solar cell plate of the corresponding solar panel below that is positioned at top layer is connected with described track by the pulley that is positioned at described track runner, thereby the solar panel below that is implemented in top layer realizes that " drawer type " shrinks, launches.Above-mentioned design is convenient to each layer solar cell plate contraction, is launched can optimize and utilize supporting surface simultaneously, improves the insolation amount area of the solar panel of solar photovoltaic assembly, thereby improves the energy output of solar photovoltaic assembly.
3. in the possibility, support bracket fastened limit track support be connected track support design so that the same layer solar panel comprises independently solar panel of polylith, insolation amount area at the solar panel that guarantees solar photovoltaic assembly, when improving the energy output of solar photovoltaic assembly, improve the use flexibility of each solar panel, be convenient to connection, installation and maintenance between each solar panel.
4. in the possibility, limit track support and linking track support are stepped to both sides by the centre along the bearing of trend of track, and the track number of plies along track bearing of trend both sides is successively decreased, the solar panel of different layers is launched to both sides, is shunk by the centre along support bracket fastened track bearing of trend, improve the installation stability of photovoltaic module, also be convenient to simultaneously each piece solar panel and install, dismantle and safeguard.
5. the photovoltaic system among the present invention is installed described contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly at the end face of a carrier; In the possibility, the side solar panel is installed in side at described carrier, described side solar panel and described carrier are flexibly connected, and adopt simultaneously support bar to realize described side solar cell plate development, thus or the side of the described carrier of fitting contraction.When no longer increasing described photovoltaic module erection space, improve the insolation amount area of solar panel, thereby further improve the energy output of photovoltaic module;
And in the possibility, described carrier has comprised container, or the bicycle shed of truck and passenger car body etc. movably install, and realizes the flexible installation of contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly, improves the use flexibility of contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation after contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly of the present invention launches;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly after shrinking among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the side structure schematic diagram of contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly of the present invention among Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the side structure schematic diagram of the limit track support of contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is limit track support among Fig. 4 and the syndeton schematic diagram of multilayer solar panel;
Fig. 6 is the side structure schematic diagram of the linking track support of contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is linking track support among Fig. 6 and the syndeton schematic diagram of multilayer solar panel;
Fig. 8 is the perspective view of limit track support among Fig. 4;
Fig. 8 A is along the cross section structure schematic diagram of the limit track support of A-A direction among Fig. 8;
Fig. 8 B is along the cross section structure schematic diagram of the limit track support of B-B direction among Fig. 8;
Fig. 8 C is along the cross section structure schematic diagram of the limit track support of C-C direction among Fig. 8;
Fig. 9 is the perspective view that is connected track support among Fig. 6;
Fig. 9 A is along the cross section structure schematic diagram of the linking track support of E-E direction among Fig. 9;
Fig. 9 B is along the cross section structure schematic diagram of the linking track support of D-D direction among Fig. 9;
Fig. 9 C is along the cross section structure schematic diagram of the linking track support of F-F direction among Fig. 9;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the detent mechanism of contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of locking plate among Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of sole among Fig. 5 and Fig. 7;
Figure 13 is the sole structural representation of the different shape of contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly of the present invention among Fig. 2;
Figure 14 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of the side solar panel of photovoltaic system of the present invention.
Embodiment
Just as stated in the Background Art, solar power generation as the energy, adopts photovoltaic module to accept the solar radiation energy and be converted into electric energy with solar energy.The advantages such as solar power generation is with efficiently, and is energy-conservation, inexhaustible are explored in the traveling process of exploitation the mankind, become a kind of removable energy that replenishes at any time, have huge potentiality to be exploited.The insolation amount area of solar photovoltaic assembly has determined the size of solar radiation aggregation amount, is the important reference of solar power generation amount.And as in mobile traveling process, for the portability needs of photovoltaic module, but providing the erection space of solar photovoltaic assembly limited, it has limited the developed area of photovoltaic module, and then has limited the insolation amount area of solar photovoltaic assembly.Thereby how when guaranteeing the photovoltaic module portability, guarantee that the solar panel of photovoltaic module accepts the area of insolation amount, thereby the energy output that guarantees photovoltaic module is the practicality that further improves solar panel, enlarges the key that photovoltaic module is used.
Demand for above-mentioned photovoltaic module development, the invention provides a kind of contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly, the multilayer solar panel that will be longitudinal arrangement is installed on the fixed support that is provided with the multilayer track, and, in the described multilayer track, at least comprise that one deck is provided with the moving structure that the solar panel that is installed on this layer track is moved along this track bearing of trend, thereby this layer solar cell plate of realizing photovoltaic module shrinks and expansion along its place track bearing of trend, realize large-area solar panel installation at limited Area of bearing, the insolation quantity set that has guaranteed solar panel of the present invention is long-pending, thereby improves the energy output of photovoltaic module.Also improve simultaneously the portability of solar panel, and simplified the installing/dismounting of photovoltaic module, be beneficial to the maintenance of photovoltaic module.
For above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, feature and advantage can be become apparent more, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail.
Set forth in the following description a lot of details so that fully understand the present invention, implement but the present invention can also adopt other to be different from alternate manner described here, so the present invention has not been subjected to the restriction of following public specific embodiment.
With reference to figure 1~shown in Figure 3, contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly of the present invention as supporting surface, is installed described contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly at the end face 101 of container 100 with the end face 101 of container 100.The track support of the fixed support 200 of described contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly has comprised the limit track support 21 that is installed on respectively described container 100 end faces 101 two ends, and the linking track support 22 between described two limit track supports 21.Include the multilayer track on described limit track support 21 and the linking track support 22, and described limit track support 21 is parallel with the track bearing of trend that is connected track support 22, at two limit track supports 21 and the multilayer track that respectively is connected track support 22 the corresponding multilayer solar panel of multilayer number of tracks with described fixed support 200 is installed.Thereby between a pair of described limit track support 21, multilayer solar panel is installed.Wherein each layer solar cell plate can comprise the solar panel of polylith, and each solar panel of same layer connects by described linking track support 22.
Described multilayer solar panel has comprised top layer solar panel 31, intermediate layer solar panel 32 and last layer solar cell plate 33.Described top layer solar panel 31, intermediate layer solar panel 32 and last layer solar cell plate 33 are comprised of polylith solar panel 31a, 32a and 33a respectively.And the limit track support 21 of corresponding described fixed support 200 and be connected track support 22 and comprised and described multilayer solar panel three layers of track structure one to one that described each layer solar cell plate is installed on respectively on each layer track corresponding on the described fixed support 200.
The concrete syndeton of described fixed support 200 and described multilayer solar panel is take a described limit track support 21 as example, and is shown in Figure 4 in conjunction with reference.Corresponding with the described solar panel with three-decker, described limit track support 21 comprises three layers of track structure of top layer track, intermediate layer track and end layer track.Wherein, described three layers of track are positioned at a side of limit track support 21, and wherein the top layer track has comprised fixedly top board 211, and the intermediate layer track and the end layer track that are positioned at described top layer track below have comprised respectively track runner 212 and track runner 213.
In conjunction with reference to figure 5, during installation, in the described multilayer solar panel, the solar panel 31a that is positioned at top layer is bolted in described fixedly top board 211 tops.And be positioned on the side of solar panel 33a of the solar panel 32a in intermediate layer and end layer, with described track runner 212 and 213 corresponding positions, be provided with the pulley 34 that is complementary with described track runner 212 and 213 structures, described pulley 34 is installed in described track runner 212 and 213.During use, the two sides that two described limit track supports 21 are provided with the multilayer track structure are staggered relatively, thereby between two described limit track supports 21 multilayer solar panel are installed.Wherein, described intermediate layer solar panel 32 and last layer solar cell plate 33 slide along the track runner corresponding with it 212 and 213 bearing of trends, realize that intermediate layer solar panel 32 and last layer solar cell plate 33 are along contraction, the expansion of its orbital direction.During installation, described limit track support 21 is provided with corresponding setting of a side position of described three layers of track, be connected track support 22 and at least one is set between two described limit track supports 21, thereby realize that each the piece solar panel that is positioned at same layer connects.
Concrete in conjunction with reference to figure 6, corresponding with described limit track support 21, between described two described limit track supports 21, be provided with a plurality of linking track supports 22.On described linking track support 22, the both sides corresponding with described two limit track support 21 positions are equipped with three layers of track that three layers of track structure with described limit track support 21 match, thereby realize the installation of each piece solar panel of each layer solar cell plate.
Equally, on the described linking track support 22, the track that is positioned at top layer has comprised fixedly top board 221, and intermediate layer track and end layer track have comprised respectively track runner 222 and 223.In conjunction with reference to shown in Figure 7, be arranged in each piece adjacent solar battery plate of each layer solar cell plate of described linking track support 22 both sides by three layers of track structures linking of described linking track support 22.Similar to the installation of described multilayer solar panel to described limit track support 21, in the described multilayer solar panel, the solar panel 31a that is positioned at top layer is bolted in described fixedly top board 221 tops.And the pulley 34 that is positioned on the side of solar panel 33a of the solar panel 32a in intermediate layer and end layer is installed on described track runner 222 and 223.Realize that described intermediate layer solar panel 32 and last layer solar cell plate 33 slide along the track runner corresponding with it 222 and 223 bearing of trends, realize contraction, the expansion of each layer solar cell plate.
And preferably, shown in figure 8, Fig. 8 A, Fig. 8 B and Fig. 8 C, the limit track support 21 with three layers of track structure is stepped, and along the bearing of trend of the track of described limit track support 21, by successively decreasing to the track number of plies of both sides in the middle of the track.On the described limit track support 21, be positioned at mid portion and comprised three layers of track, and the two ends that are positioned at limit track support 21 have comprised respectively one deck track and two layers of track.The combination reference is with reference to shown in figure 9, Fig. 9 A, Fig. 9 B and Fig. 9 C again, corresponding with the step structure of described limit track support 21, described linking track support 22 is stepped equally, wherein, bearing of trend along the track of described linking track 22, be positioned at mid portion and comprise three layers of track, and the two ends that are positioned at limit track support 21 have comprised respectively one deck track and two layers of track.Like this, when launching to use, top layer solar panel 31 is fixed in the centre of described limit track support 21, and intermediate layer solar panel 32 and last layer solar cell plate 33 are in opposite direction, move towards the two ends of described limit track support 21 tracks respectively.
It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, take described limit track support 21 as example, on the described limit track support 21, be positioned at mid portion and comprised three layers of track, and the both sides (that is, the two ends of described limit track support 21) that are positioned at the top layer track have comprised respectively one deck track (end layer track) and two layers of track (intermediate layer track and end layer track).Yet when launching, intermediate layer solar panel 32 and last layer solar cell plate 33 move towards the two ends of described limit track support 21 tracks respectively in opposite direction, lay respectively at the both sides of described top layer solar panel 31 after the expansion.Otherwise, if described intermediate layer solar panel 32 and last layer solar cell plate 33 move towards the same end of described limit track support 21 tracks, after then launching, described last layer solar cell plate 33 is positioned under the intermediate layer solar panel 32, then can't realize the effect of its collection solar radiation.Thereby can be regarded as, along the track bearing of trend of described limit track support 21, described intermediate layer track and end layer track lay respectively at the both sides of described top layer track.Loading and unloading and the maintenance of each layer solar cell plate is convenient in such design.Certainly; described limit track support 21 and linking track support 22 can solely arrange stepped along its track bearing of trend equally; namely along the single bearing of trend of track; by an end of track to the other end; the number of plies of track is successively decreased; thereby realize that each layer solar panel launches, shrinks along same direction, it is included in the protection range of the present invention equally.Yet extend along the track single direction with respect to each layer solar cell plate, each layer solar cell plate direction along ng a path launches, shrinks the photovoltaic module stress balance that designs after being more conducive to launch by the centre to two ends, improves the installation stability of photovoltaic module.
Among the present invention, after the solar panel of top layer is fixing, it is collapsible in upper strata solar panel below that all the other are positioned at the solar panel of lower floor, guaranteed the area of accepting the insolation amount of solar panel during expansion, and can greatly reduce the volume of photovoltaic module after shrinking.And photovoltaic module of the present invention is installed on the top design of container, can not take the internal volume of container, and design is convenient to the photovoltaic module transportation and is carried like this.
And it should be noted that present embodiment has exemplified the photovoltaic module structure of three layer solar cell plates.In the practical application, can according to actual needs photovoltaic module be designed to the structure greater than three layers, such as four layers of track structure, five layers of track structure.And in the track structure of multilayer, track support can be stepped, and successively decrease to both sides or by a side direction opposite side track number of plies from middle along the track bearing of trend; Preferably, in the track structure of multilayer, extending the both sides track support along track can be stepped, and the track number of plies of the same side is by the middle setting of successively decreasing to both sides of track.Further preferably, in the track structure of multilayer, track support is stepped to both sides by the centre along the track bearing of trend, each layer track number of plies is successively decreased successively, and adjacent two-layer track lays respectively at the both sides of described top layer track, so that photovoltaic module is when launching, the adjacent two layers solar panel lays respectively at the both sides of top layer solar panel, this structure is conducive to each layer solar cell plate development, and the installation balance of solar photovoltaic assembly, improve solar photovoltaic assembly stability is installed.Other mobile link structures such as the complete available draw runner of roller design of described solar panel replace.And, in the present embodiment, the top layer track of described track support has comprised fixedly top board, top layer solar panel 31 is fixing, and intermediate layer track and end layer track have comprised respectively the moving structure of track runner 212 and track runner 213, move along the bearing of trend of its place track thereby realize being positioned at intermediate layer solar panel 32 and last layer solar cell plate 33, realize expansion and the contraction of photovoltaic module.And in the actual design, equally can with the intermediate layer track or a layer track in end arranges fixedly top board or other fixed structure, solar panel corresponding with it fixed.And accordingly in described top layer track, track runner is set and realizes that top layer solar panel 31 moves along the direction of top layer track runner, thereby realize expansion and the contraction of photovoltaic module.These are simply transformed all in protection scope of the present invention.
In conjunction with reference to shown in Figure 10, described fixed support 200 also comprises detent mechanism 6, be used for solar cell plate development that each piece of control moves along its place track bearing of trend, shrink after with being fixedly connected with of the end face 101 of described container 100.Described detent mechanism 6 comprises that the direction that moves along each piece solar panel is arranged at the fixture that is complementary with described anchor point structure on the end face 101 of the anchor point at these solar panel two ends and fixing and described container 100, realizes that each piece solar panel launches, shrinks afterwards and being fixedly connected with of the end face 101 of described container 100 along its moving direction.Take described intermediate layer solar panel 32a as example, described detent mechanism 6 comprises the track bearing of trend along described fixed support 200, be fixed in the locking plate 4 as anchor point at each piece solar panel 32a two ends, and be fixed in the spring catch 5 as fixture that is complementary with described locking plate 4 structures on the described container end face 101.Thereby control described each piece solar panel 32a launch or shrink after with being fixedly connected with of the end face 101 of described container 100.
Shown in Figure 11 in conjunction with reference, described locking plate 4 comprises a riser 41, top flat 43 and spacer 42.Offer through hole on the described top flat 43, thereby and can in through hole, described locking plate 4 be fixedly connected with solar panel 32a mounting screw.And described riser 41 offer location hole 44 as with the tie point of described spring catch 5.Described location hole 44 perforate directions are consistent with the flexible direction of described spring catch 5 pins, described pin 51 inserts in the described location hole 44, described locking plate 4 is fixedly connected with spring catch 5, thereby realize fixing along the position of described each solar panel on addressing device case end face 101 that the orbital direction of described fixed support 200 moves, and with this expansion that realizes each piece solar panel on the photovoltaic module with shrink after fixing.
Take described intermediate layer solar panel 32a as example, among the figure, described spring catch 5 is fixed in the top edge of described container 100, and the pin 51 flexible directions (being the opening direction of described location hole 44) of described spring catch 5 are vertical with the motion track a of solar panel 32a.Described spacer 42 is fixedly connected with described riser 41, and bends at an angle inclination with described riser.Described spacer 42 is arranged at described locking plate 4 near a side in the outside of described solar panel, so that when the solar panel 32a of described spring catch 5 correspondences moves, described spring catch 5 is positioned at two spacers 42 of described solar panel 32a along on the motion track of the moving direction that is parallel to described solar panel 32a, and between spacer 42.When described locking plate 4 was fixedly connected with spring catch 5, described spacer 42 offseted with described spring catch 5.When described solar cell plate development and contraction, when solar panel moves to certain position along the orbital direction at its place, described spacer 42 offsets with spring catch 5, again described bearing pin 51 is inserted in the described location hole 44 afterwards, thus the location of realizing the described solar panel of each piece that moves along its place track bearing of trend.
It should be noted that, described locking plate 4 also can not comprise described spacer 42, as long as the flexible direction (being the opening direction of described location hole 44) of the pin of described spring catch 5 is perpendicular with the moving direction of the described solar panel of each piece, just can realize each piece solar cell plate development, the location after shrinking.Be this implementation, need the described solar panel 32a of Artificial Control to move to ad-hoc location after, could realize that described bearing pin 51 inserts in the described location hole 44.Certainly, described detent mechanism 6 can also comprise that other the jockey such as buckle substitutes, and these simply change all in protection scope of the present invention.
In conjunction with reference to figure 4 and shown in Figure 6, described limit track support 21 has comprised egative film 214, and described linking track support 22 has comprised egative film 224.Again in conjunction with Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 7, at the end face 101 of described container 100 sole 8 is housed, described egative film 214 is fixedly connected with sole 8 with 224, thereby with described limit track support 21 be connected the end face 101 that track support 22 is installed on described container 100.
Shown in Figure 12 in conjunction with reference again, described sole 8 comprises connecting plate 81, described connecting plate 81 is offered connecting hole 82, and take described limit track support 21 as example, offer corresponding through hole at described egative film 214, and in the through hole of described egative film 214 and connecting hole 82, install and fix bolt, thereby described sole 8 is fixedly connected with limit track support 21.Preferably, described connecting hole 82 comprises slotted hole 822 and circular hole 821, and described slotted hole 822 communicates with circular hole 821, and the diameter of described circular hole 821 is greater than the width of described slotted hole 822.Arranged a plurality of described egative films 214,224 and the tie point of described sole 8 at described slotted hole 822 like this, be convenient to limit track support 21, be connected installation, dismounting and the adjustment of track support 22 and sole 8.
Described sole 8 is " U " type sole, respectively is fixedly installed a pin sheet 83 at the two ends of described connecting plate 81, and described sole 8 is welded to connect by the end face 101 of described pin sheet 83 with described container 100.And it is shown in Figure 13 in conjunction with reference; because container 100 end faces have comprised projection 7 thereby have been concaveconvex structure; described sole 8 can be adjusted the size of described pin sheet 83 according to actual needs; and described pin sheet 83 quantity can be according to actual needs; arrange one, two at described sole 8 described pin sheet 83 even is not set; thereby make described pin sheet be " L " type 8b or " one " type 8c, these are simply transformed all in protection scope of the present invention.
The present invention also provides a kind of contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly.With reference to shown in Figure 14, photovoltaic system of the present invention, it as carrier, installs described contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly at the end face 101 of described container 100 with above-mentioned container 100.And in the side 102 of described container 100 side solar panel 35 is installed, solar panel 35 upper ends, described side arrange hinge 11 is flexibly connected described side solar panel 35 and described container 100.And in the side 102 of described container 100 support bar 9 is set, the described side of the one end solar panel 35 of described support bar 9 connects, the other end is connected with described container 100, thereby realizes expansion and or the side of the described container 100 of fitting of described side solar panel 35.During use, described side solar panel 35 launches to increase the whole insolation amount area that receives of photovoltaic module; And when shrinking, described side solar panel 35 described container 100 sides of fitting can not increase the shared area of photovoltaic module, and placement and the described container 100 of being convenient to described side solar panel 35 move.Certain described hinge 11 can adopt other flexible connection assembly to replace; And support bar 9 can comprise the air spring bar, or many sections concertina types, folded form support bar.Described support bar 9 also can adopt the positioner of other contractions that can realize described side solar panel, expansion to replace; And except container, the bicycle shed that the present invention can also truck, car body of passenger vehicle etc. can be installed described contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly and self-existent entity as carrier, and at the end face of described carrier described contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly is installed.These simple technology that are well known to the skilled person of transforming are included in protection scope of the present invention.
Although the present invention with preferred embodiment openly as above; but it is not to limit the present invention; any those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; can make possible change and modification, so protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the scope that claim of the present invention was defined.

Claims (16)

1. a contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly is characterized in that, comprises being fixed on the fixed support on the supporting surface and being installed in multilayer solar panel on the described fixed support;
Described fixed support comprises track support, and described track support comprises the multilayer track; Described multilayer solar panel is installed on the described multilayer track, and at least one layer solar cell plate is along bearing of trend contraction, the expansion of this layer solar cell plate place track.
2. contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly according to claim 1 is characterized in that, comprises track runner along the track at the solar panel place that the bearing of trend of its place track shrinks, launches.
3. contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the track that is positioned at top layer in the described multilayer track comprises fixedly top board, and the solar panel that is positioned at top layer in the described multilayer solar panel is fixed on the described fixedly top board.
4. contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly according to claim 3 is characterized in that, in the described multilayer track, remaining track includes track runner except the track that is positioned at top layer.
5. contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, in the described multilayer solar panel, except the solar panel that is positioned at top layer, the periphery of all the other solar panels is provided with pulley, and described pulley is positioned at described track runner.
6. each described contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly is characterized in that according to claim 1~5, and described track support comprises a pair of limit track support; The multilayer orbital position of described a pair of limit track support is oppositely arranged.
7. contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly according to claim 6 is characterized in that, described track support comprises that also at least one is connected track support, and described linking track support is between described a pair of limit track support; The described linking track support both sides corresponding with described a pair of limit track support are equipped with described multilayer track, and the corresponding setting of multilayer orbital position of the multilayer track support of described linking track support and described limit track support;
The described solar panel of every one deck comprises the polylith solar panel, and each the piece solar panel that is positioned at same layer is fixedly connected with by described linking track support.
8. contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described fixed support also comprises detent mechanism, be used for solar panel along the bearing of trend of its place track move and launch or shrink after with being fixedly connected with of described supporting surface.
9. contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described detent mechanism comprises along described support bracket fastened track bearing of trend, be installed on the anchor point at described solar panel two ends and be installed on fixture on the described supporting surface, described anchor point and described fixture structure are complementary.
10. contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described fixture comprises a spring catch, and described anchor point comprises riser and the location-plate that is fixedly connected with riser; Described riser is provided with the tie point that the pin feature with described spring catch is complementary; The bearing of trend of the solar panel place track that the flexible direction of the pin of described spring catch is corresponding with this spring catch is vertical;
Two described location-plates at solar panel two ends lay respectively at the both sides of the corresponding spring catch of this solar panel along the bearing of trend that is parallel to this solar panel place track.
11. contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly according to claim 1 is characterized in that, by a side direction opposite side or stepped to both sides by the centre, and successively decrease by the track number of plies along the track bearing of trend for described track support.
12. contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described track support comprises three layers of track, and the solar panel that wherein is positioned on intermediate layer track and the end layer track shrinks, launches along the bearing of trend of track.
13. contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly according to claim 12 is characterized in that, described track support is stepped to both sides from the centre along the track bearing of trend; Described intermediate layer track and end layer track lay respectively at the both sides of top layer track.
14. a photovoltaic system is characterized in that, comprises a carrier and such as each described contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly of claim 1~13; Take the end face of described carrier as supporting surface, described contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly is positioned at the end face of described carrier.
15. photovoltaic system according to claim 14 is characterized in that, described carrier comprises the bicycle shed of container, truck or the car body of passenger vehicle.
16. photovoltaic system according to claim 14 is characterized in that, in the side of described carrier the side solar panel is housed, described side solar panel is flexibly connected by the side of hinge and described carrier; And be provided with the contraction that realizes described side solar panel, the support bar of expansion on the described side, described support bar two ends connect respectively described side solar panel and carrier.
CN2012101221750A 2012-04-23 2012-04-23 Stretchy type solar photovoltaic assembly and photovoltaic system Pending CN103378191A (en)

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CN104909324A (en) * 2015-05-26 2015-09-16 江苏本安环保科技有限公司 Wind and light complementary type obstructing explosion-proof skid-mounted oil adding device
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CN106873640A (en) * 2017-03-08 2017-06-20 浙江大学 The automaton and its method of a kind of photovoltaic power generation solar plate
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CN107219862A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-09-29 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 The control method of photovoltaic extending system
CN108540079A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-09-14 安徽云帆科技咨询有限公司 A kind of contraction type solar photovoltaic assembly

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