CN103359082A - Intelligent-type ice and snow area automobile auxiliary braking device - Google Patents

Intelligent-type ice and snow area automobile auxiliary braking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103359082A
CN103359082A CN2012100973346A CN201210097334A CN103359082A CN 103359082 A CN103359082 A CN 103359082A CN 2012100973346 A CN2012100973346 A CN 2012100973346A CN 201210097334 A CN201210097334 A CN 201210097334A CN 103359082 A CN103359082 A CN 103359082A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
skidding
pin
intelligent
pins
braking device
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Pending
Application number
CN2012100973346A
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Chinese (zh)
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胥春红
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胥春红
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Priority to CN2012100973346A priority Critical patent/CN103359082A/en
Publication of CN103359082A publication Critical patent/CN103359082A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of vehicle safety facility design manufacturing, and relates to an intelligent-type ice and snow area automobile auxiliary braking device, in particular to an automobile anti-skidding device which instructs an anti-skidding motion by means of an ABS signal. The intelligent-type ice and snow area automobile auxiliary braking device is composed of a braking system and a servo system. A plurality of radial through holes are formed in spokes of an anti-skidding wheel of the braking system. Pins which are in clearance fit are arranged inside the radial through holes. The pins are sleeved with springs. A single-output rod of a hydraulic cylinder in the servo system is connected with a rotating shaft of a pressing wheel through a bearing. The radial section of the pressing wheel and the axial sections of the pins are located inside the same plane. When the single-output rod in the hydraulic cylinder extends out, the pressing wheel and the inner ends of the pins form extrusion contact. According to the intelligent-type ice and snow area automobile auxiliary braking device, the anti-skidding wheel is arranged on the inner side of an automotive rim, the ABS is utilized for controlling the pressing wheel to move up and down through an electromagnetic directional valve, and the anti-skidding pins are extruded and pushed to be embedded into an ice surface of a snowfield to achieve the anti-skidding aim. Therefore, the intelligent-type ice and snow area automobile auxiliary braking device has the advantages of being high in intelligentized degree, good in flexibility, high in adaptability, free of influences on appearance, high in safety coefficient and the like.

Description

Intellectual ice-snow field auxiliary brake device for automobile
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ice-snow field auxiliary brake device for automobile, particularly a kind of anti-slip device for automobile that utilizes ABS signal instruction antiskid action belongs to Machine Manufacturing Technology.
Background technology
The car skidding problem of travelling at snowfield ice face, that people pay close attention to and study and end the difficult problem that the present still can not effectively solve always, people once taked various measures for these years, as bundling anti-slipping chain at tire, inlay anti-slop serrations, be provided with the metal skid-proof shell of dentation in the outside of tire, adopt cushion block to land suchlike methods such as stopping the wheel slip, make every effort to find the measure of a kind of practicable automobile preventing skid on snow, it should be sure that: these methods and measure hold water theoretically, also has certain skidproof effect in actual the use, but these methods have different shortcoming and defect with measure, such as: bundle anti-slipping chain at tire, inlaying anti-slop serrations easily makes motor tire damage, its structure of other certain methods and measure is too complicated again, when running into interruption snowfield ice face, the special specific aim that lacks, effect was inadequate when the formation needs were anti-skidding, do not need not only to affect when anti-skidding the overall appearance of automobile, it is burdensome unnecessary also to feel very much under steam.Therefore, solve the anti-skidding problem of vehicle skidproof problem, particularly Intelligent control automobile under the snowfield ice noodles spare, be worth probing boldly further and studying.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to propose a kind of intellectual ice-snow field auxiliary brake device for automobile, utilize ABS antiblock device signal, the work of instruction complemental brake system, thus reach intelligent control auxiliary braking purpose.
To achieve these goals, Bian of the present invention gets following technical scheme and implements: it is comprised of brake system and follow-up system, brake system comprises: anti sliding wheel, pin, spring, bolt, follow-up system comprises pinch roller, hydraulic actuating cylinder, solenoid directional control valve, bearing, anti sliding wheel in the brake system is arranged on a side of automobile wheel rim, be provided with several radial direction through hole in the anti sliding wheel spoke, be provided with the pin of free-running fit in the radial direction through hole; Single rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder is connected with the rotating shaft of pinch roller by bearing in the follow-up system; The radial section of described pinch roller and the axial cross section of pin are positioned at same plane; Described pinch roller forms extruding with the inner of pin and contacts when the single rod in the hydraulic actuating cylinder stretches out; The outer end of described pin is free end; Cover has spring on the described pin.
The anti sliding wheel inboard can arrange a circumferential circular groove that is recessed to dish among the present invention, and the rear end head of pin can arrange a step.Pinch roller thickness in the follow-up system is less than described circumferential annular well width; The cylinder body of hydraulic actuating cylinder is fixedly connected on the sole of automobile; Solenoid directional control valve can be designed to two-position three way, and the piston that the piston rear end of energising in the hydraulic actuating cylinder communicates, cuts off the power supply with hydraulic oil in the hydraulic actuating cylinder resets under the front springs effect, and the hydraulic oil of piston rear end communicates with fuel tank; Anti sliding wheel can be made one with automotive rim; Pin rear end cover has spring, has guaranteed resetting of pin; The energising of solenoid directional control valve or outage are controlled by ABS antiblock device information in the follow-up system.
The present invention arranges anti sliding wheel in the inboard of automotive rim, and the skidding signal instruction two position, three-way electromagnetic change valve that detects by ABS system energising, hydraulic oil communicates with piston rear end in the hydraulic actuating cylinder, extension bar promotes pinch roller and does upper and lower motion, the crowded anti-skidding pin that pushes away the anti sliding wheel bottom of wheel rim of pinch roller is stretched out outside the anti sliding wheel, thereby realize that pin embeds the anti-skidding effect of snowfield ice face, cross the wheel rim of pinch roller when pin after, pin automatically retracts to anti sliding wheel inside under the elastic force effect of spring.Compare with traditional vehicle skidproof technology, useful contribution of the present invention is: 1. anti-skid device is subjected to the ABS signal control, has realized intellectuality; 2. when the needs complemental brake system was worked, pinch roller promoted pin and stretches out, when not needing complemental brake system work, and the indentation of spring compressing pin, so alerting ability is good, strong adaptability, and harder urban pavement is not caused damage; 3. anti sliding wheel is arranged on the inner side plane of automotive rim, does not affect outward appearance; In case 4. tyre break in the Vehicle Driving Cycle process because the anti sliding wheel diameter is slightly less than the vehicle tyre diameter, so the anti sliding wheel that is wrapped in rubber ring can be used as the wheel Emergency use, is unlikely to make automobile steering out of control, greatly increased the safety factor of driving.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is one embodiment of the invention structural representation;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the A-A cross-sectional view in the accompanying drawing 1.
In attached Fig. 1 and 2: 1 automotive rim, 2 pinch rollers, 3 tires, 4 rubber rings, 5 left dishes, 6 bearings, 7 hydraulic actuating cylinders, 8 two position, three-way electromagnetic change valves, 9 springs, 10 pins, 11 right dishes.
The specific embodiment
Be described further as embodiment by left dish and the combined and left dish of right dish and automotive rim all-in-one-piece version processed with anti sliding wheel
Shown in accompanying drawing 1,2, left dish 5 on the anti sliding wheel and the equal diameters of right dish 11, and the diameter after diameter is inflated less than motor tire 3, be equipped with several on one side plane of left dish 5 and right dish 11 and be uniform radial radially semicircle orifice and a circumferential circular groove, the inboard of circular groove is to plane the facing directly for incision in dish of annular distance; Become an integral body that unites two into one by many bolted between left dish 5 and the right dish 11, form and have several and be uniform radial through hole and endless groove that radial section is T shape radially unified; The rear end head of pin 10 is provided with step, the front end free-running fit is in the radial direction through hole that left dish 5 and right dish 11 unifications form, the rear end cover has spring 9, spring 9 places the circumferential annular space between left dish 5 and the right dish 11, and an end of spring 9 is against pin 10 head steps the inner, an end against left dish 5 and right dish 11; The open slot width that the thickness of pinch roller 2 is unified in the T shape endless groove that forms less than left dish 5 and right dish 11; The rotating shaft of pinch roller 2 is flexibly connected mutually by the extension bar of bearing 6 with hydraulic actuating cylinder 7, and the vertical axis cross section of its vertical axis cross section and automotive rim 1 coincides, deciliter face of the radial center cross section of pinch roller 2 and left dish 5 and right dish 11 coincides, in the open slot of the T shape endless groove that the wheel rim of pinch roller 2 forms after placing left dish 5 and right dish 11 to unify; The cylinder body of hydraulic actuating cylinder 7 is fixedly connected on the sole of automobile, and the piston rear end that two position, three-way electromagnetic change valve 8 is switched in the hydraulic actuating cylinder 7 then communicates with hydraulic oil, and the single rod in the hydraulic actuating cylinder 7 stretches out; , the piston rear end in the hydraulic actuating cylinder then of cutting off the power supply communicates with fuel tank, and the single rod in the hydraulic actuating cylinder 7 bounces back under the effect of retracing spring.
When automobile when snowfield ice face travels, in a single day the ABS antiblock device detects skidding information, then automatically send signal, make two position, three-way electromagnetic change valve 8 energisings, hydraulic oil enters the piston rear end in the hydraulic actuating cylinder 7, single rod in the hydraulic actuating cylinder 7 stretches out the rotating shaft that promotes pinch roller 2 and moves downward, make pinch roller 2 depress the pin 10 of bottom in the anti sliding wheel, pin 10 is stretched out outside left dish 5 and the right dish 11, and embedding snowfield ice face is realized anti-skidding purpose, after the pin 10 of anti sliding wheel bottom is crossed pinch roller 2, pin 10 automatically retracts under the elastic force effect of spring 9 in the pin hole after 11 unifications of left dish 5 and right dish, for preventing that foreign material from entering in the pin hole, the present invention in the outer rim cover system of left dish 5 and right dish 11 rubber ring 4.

Claims (2)

1. intellectual ice-snow field auxiliary brake device for automobile, formed by brake system and follow-up system, brake system comprises: anti sliding wheel, pin, spring, bolt, follow-up system comprises pinch roller, hydraulic actuating cylinder, solenoid directional control valve, bearing, it is characterized in that: the anti sliding wheel in the brake system is arranged on a side of automobile wheel rim, be provided with several radial direction through hole in the anti sliding wheel spoke, be provided with the pin of free-running fit in the radial direction through hole, single rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder is connected with the rotating shaft of pinch roller by bearing in the follow-up system; The radial section of described pinch roller and the axial cross section of pin are positioned at same plane; Described pinch roller forms extruding with the inner of pin and contacts when the single rod in the hydraulic actuating cylinder stretches out; The outer end of described pin is free end.
2. a kind of intellectual ice-snow field auxiliary brake device for automobile according to claim 1 is further characterized in that cover has spring on the described pin.
CN2012100973346A 2012-04-05 2012-04-05 Intelligent-type ice and snow area automobile auxiliary braking device Pending CN103359082A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012100973346A CN103359082A (en) 2012-04-05 2012-04-05 Intelligent-type ice and snow area automobile auxiliary braking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012100973346A CN103359082A (en) 2012-04-05 2012-04-05 Intelligent-type ice and snow area automobile auxiliary braking device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103359082A true CN103359082A (en) 2013-10-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012100973346A Pending CN103359082A (en) 2012-04-05 2012-04-05 Intelligent-type ice and snow area automobile auxiliary braking device

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CN (1) CN103359082A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104999870A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-28 吉林大学 Anti-skid emergency device for vehicles in snow days

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4228838A (en) * 1977-11-09 1980-10-21 Niveau Ag Device for preventing skidding and for increasing the grip of vehicle wheels on ice and snow
CN85205698U (en) * 1985-06-06 1987-04-01 高桥荣 Anti-skid pin for tyre tread
DE4328044A1 (en) * 1993-08-20 1994-03-31 Erkenbert Wehner Variable rim system for vehicle tyre - uses control rods to move profile sections between outer and inner positions.
CN2300535Y (en) * 1997-06-28 1998-12-16 纪宝金 Skid-resistant brake for vehicle
CN2310688Y (en) * 1997-12-12 1999-03-17 纪宝金 Non-skid brake for vehicle
CN2647605Y (en) * 2003-01-08 2004-10-13 陈青记 Antisliding device for vehicle on ice and snow road surface
CN202518251U (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-11-07 胥春红 Intelligent ice and snow field auxiliary braking device for automobile

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4228838A (en) * 1977-11-09 1980-10-21 Niveau Ag Device for preventing skidding and for increasing the grip of vehicle wheels on ice and snow
CN85205698U (en) * 1985-06-06 1987-04-01 高桥荣 Anti-skid pin for tyre tread
DE4328044A1 (en) * 1993-08-20 1994-03-31 Erkenbert Wehner Variable rim system for vehicle tyre - uses control rods to move profile sections between outer and inner positions.
CN2300535Y (en) * 1997-06-28 1998-12-16 纪宝金 Skid-resistant brake for vehicle
CN2310688Y (en) * 1997-12-12 1999-03-17 纪宝金 Non-skid brake for vehicle
CN2647605Y (en) * 2003-01-08 2004-10-13 陈青记 Antisliding device for vehicle on ice and snow road surface
CN202518251U (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-11-07 胥春红 Intelligent ice and snow field auxiliary braking device for automobile

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104999870A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-28 吉林大学 Anti-skid emergency device for vehicles in snow days
CN104999870B (en) * 2015-06-30 2017-04-05 吉林大学 The anti-skidding emergency set of automobile-used snowy day

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Application publication date: 20131023