CN202518251U - Intelligent ice and snow field auxiliary braking device for automobile - Google Patents

Intelligent ice and snow field auxiliary braking device for automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202518251U
CN202518251U CN2012201395955U CN201220139595U CN202518251U CN 202518251 U CN202518251 U CN 202518251U CN 2012201395955 U CN2012201395955 U CN 2012201395955U CN 201220139595 U CN201220139595 U CN 201220139595U CN 202518251 U CN202518251 U CN 202518251U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pin
skid
automobile
wheel
braking device
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012201395955U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胥春红
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胥春红
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Priority to CN2012201395955U priority Critical patent/CN202518251U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202518251U publication Critical patent/CN202518251U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an intelligent ice and snow field auxiliary braking device for an automobile, in particular to an automobile anti-skid device for instructing the anti-skid action by utilizing an anti-skid brake system (ABS) signal, and belongs to the technical field of the design and manufacturing of safety facilities of vehicles. The intelligent ice and snow field auxiliary braking device consists of a brake system and a follow-up system, wherein a plurality of radial through holes are formed in a spoke of an anti-skid wheel of the brake system; pin nails which are in clearance fit are arranged in the radial through hole, springs are sleeved on the pin nails; a single rod of a hydraulic cylinder in the follow-up system is connected with a rotating shaft of a compressing wheel through a bearing; the radial cross section of the compressing wheel and the axial cross section of each pin nail are in the same plane; and when the single rod in the hydraulic cylinder extends out, the compressing wheel is contacted with the inner ends of the pin nails in an extruded mode. According to the intelligent ice and snow field auxiliary braking device, the anti-skid wheel is arranged on the inner side of an automobile rim, and the compressing wheel is controlled to move up and down by using an ABS system through a solenoid directional valve, so that the anti-skid pin nails are pushed to be embedded into an ice surface of the snowfield to realize skid prevention. Therefore, the intelligent ice and snow field auxiliary braking device has the advantages of high intelligentized degree, high flexibility, high adaptability, high security coefficients and the like, and the appearance is not influenced.

Description

Intellectual ice-snow field auxiliary brake device for automobile
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of ice-snow field auxiliary brake device for automobile, and particularly a kind of anti-slip device for automobile that utilizes ABS signal instruction antiskid action belongs to Machine Manufacturing Technology.
Background technology
The traveling automobile problem of skidding on snowfield ice face; Be that people pay close attention to and study and end the modern difficult problem that still can not effectively solve, people once taked various measures for these years always, as on tire, bundle anti-slipping chain, inlay anti-slop serrations, be provided with in the outside of tire dentation the anti-slip case of metal, adopt cushion block to land suchlike methods such as stopping the wheel slip; Make every effort to find the measure of a kind of practicable automobile preventing skid on snow; Should affirm: these methods and measure hold water theoretically, also have certain skidproof effect in actual the use, but these methods all have different shortcoming and defect with measure; Such as: on tire, bundle anti-slipping chain, inlay anti-slop serrations and be prone to make motor tire to damage; Its structure of other certain methods and measure is too complicated again, when running into when being interrupted snowfield ice face, lacks specific aim especially; Formation needs effect when anti-skidding inadequately, not need not only to influence when anti-skidding the overall appearance of automobile, and it is burdensome unnecessary also to feel very much under steam.Therefore, solve the anti-skidding problem of vehicle skidproof problem, particularly Based Intelligent Control automobile under the snowfield ice noodles spare, be worth probing boldly further and studying.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to propose a kind of intellectual ice-snow field auxiliary brake device for automobile, utilizes ABS antiblock device signal, the work of instruction complemental brake system, thus reach intelligent control auxiliary braking purpose.
To achieve the above object, the present utility model posed to the implementation of the following technical solution: it is the brake system and the servo system composed of the brake system comprises: Anti pulleys, pins, springs, bolts, with the dynamic system includes a pressure roller, hydraulic cylinders, solenoid valve, bearing, the brake system of the car against the pulley disposed on one side of the rim, against the pulley is provided with a plurality of spokes radial through holes in a radial through-hole gap with the pin; with moving system single rod of the hydraulic cylinder and the pressure by a bearing shaft connected to the wheels; said pressure wheel radial section and an axial section of the pin in the same plane; said pressure wheel and the inner end of the pin when the hydraulic cylinder The single rod extends a squeeze contacts; said pin outer end is a free end; said pin on the sets of a spring.
The anti sliding wheel inboard can be provided with a circumferential circular groove that is recessed to dish in the utility model, and the rear end head of pin can be provided with a step.Pinch roller thickness in the follow-up system is less than said circumferential annular well width; The cylinder body of hydraulic actuating cylinder is fixedly connected on the sole of automobile; Solenoid directional control valve can be designed to two-position three way, and the piston that the piston rear end of energising in the hydraulic actuating cylinder communicates, cuts off the power supply with hydraulic oil in the hydraulic actuating cylinder resets under the front springs effect, and the hydraulic oil of piston rear end communicates with fuel tank; Anti sliding wheel can be processed one with automotive rim; The pin rear end is with spring, has guaranteed resetting of pin; The energising of solenoid directional control valve or outage receive ABS antiblock device information Control in the follow-up system.
The utility model is provided with anti sliding wheel in the inboard of automotive rim; And through the detected skidding signal instruction two-position three way solenoid directional control valve energising of ABS system; Hydraulic oil communicates with piston rear end in the hydraulic actuating cylinder; Extension bar promotes pinch roller and does upper and lower motion, the crowded anti-skidding pin that pushes away the anti sliding wheel bottom of wheel rim of pinch roller is stretched out outside the anti sliding wheel, thereby realize that pin embeds the anti-skidding effect of snowfield ice face; Cross the wheel rim of pinch roller when pin after, pin automatically retracts to anti sliding wheel inside under the elastic force effect of spring.With traditional vehicle skidproof compared with techniques, the useful contribution of the utility model is: 1. anti-skid device receives the ABS signal control, has realized intellectuality; 2. when the needs complemental brake system was worked, pinch roller promoted pin and stretches out, when not needing complemental brake system work, and the indentation of spring compressing pin, so alerting ability is good, comformability is strong, and harder urban pavement is not caused damage; 3. anti sliding wheel is arranged on the inner side plane of automotive rim, does not influence outward appearance; In case 4. tyre break in the vehicle ' process is because the anti sliding wheel diameter is slightly less than the vehicle tyre diameter, so the anti sliding wheel that is wrapped in rubber ring can be used as the emergent use of wheel, is unlikely to make automobile steering out of control, has greatly increased the safety factor of driving.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is an example structure scheme drawing of the utility model;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the A-A cross-sectional view in the accompanying drawing 1.
In attaching Fig. 1 and 2: 1 automotive rim, 2 pinch rollers, 3 tires, 4 rubber rings, 5 left side dishes, 6 bearings, 7 hydraulic actuating cylinders, 8 two-position three way solenoid directional control valves, 9 springs, 10 pins, 11 right dishes.
The specific embodiment
The version of processing one by left side dish and the right combined and left dish of dish and automotive rim with anti sliding wheel is described further as embodiment
Like accompanying drawing 1, shown in 2; The left side dish 5 on the anti sliding wheel and the equal diameters of right dish 11; And the diameter after diameter is inflated less than motor tire 3; Be equipped with several on one side plane of left side dish 5 and right dish 11 and be and be uniformly distributed with radial radially semicircle orifice and a circumferential circular groove, the inboard of circular groove being faced directly for what in dish, cut to the plane of annular distance; Become an integral body that unites two into one through many bolted between left side dish 5 and the right dish 11, formation has several and is and is uniformly distributed with radial through hole and endless groove that radial section is a T shape radially unified; The rear end head of pin 10 is provided with step; The front end free-running fit is in the radial direction through hole that left side dish 5 and right dish 11 unifications form; The rear end is with spring 9; Spring 9 places the circumferential annular space between left side dish 5 and the right dish 11, an end of spring 9 is inner against pin 10 head steps, an end against a left side dish 5 and rightly coil 11; The open slot width that the thickness of pinch roller 2 is unified in the T shape endless groove that forms less than left side dish 5 and right dish 11; The rotating shaft of pinch roller 2 flexibly connects through the extension bar of bearing 6 with hydraulic actuating cylinder 7 mutually; And the vertical axis cross section of its vertical axis cross section and automotive rim 1 coincides; The radial center cross section of pinch roller 2 coincides with deciliter face of left side dish 5 with right dish 11, and the wheel rim of pinch roller 2 places in the open slot of the T shape endless groove that left side dish 5 and right dish 11 unification backs form; The cylinder body of hydraulic actuating cylinder 7 is fixedly connected on the sole of automobile, and the piston rear end that two-position three way solenoid directional control valve 8 is switched in the hydraulic actuating cylinder 7 then communicates with hydraulic oil, and the single rod in the hydraulic actuating cylinder 7 stretches out; , the piston rear end in the hydraulic actuating cylinder then of cutting off the power supply communicates with fuel tank, and the single rod in the hydraulic actuating cylinder 7 bounces back under the effect of retracing spring.
When automobile went on snowfield ice face, in a single day the ABS antiblock device detected skidding information, then sent signal automatically; Make 8 energisings of two-position three way solenoid directional control valve; Hydraulic oil gets into the piston rear end in the hydraulic actuating cylinder 7, and the single rod in the hydraulic actuating cylinder 7 stretches out the rotating shaft that promotes pinch roller 2 and moves downward, and makes pinch roller 2 depress the pin 10 of bottom in the anti sliding wheel; Pin 10 is stretched out outside left side dish 5 and the right dish 11; And embed snowfield ice face and realize skidproof purpose, after the pin 10 of anti sliding wheel bottom was crossed pinch roller 2, pin 10 automatically retracted under the elastic force effect of spring 9 in the pin hole after left side dish 5 and right dish 11 unifications; For preventing that foreign material from getting in the pin hole, the outer rim cover system of the utility model dish 5 and right dish 11 on a left side rubber ring 4.

Claims (2)

1. intellectual ice-snow field auxiliary brake device for automobile; Form by brake system and follow-up system; Brake system comprises: anti sliding wheel, pin, spring, bolt; Follow-up system comprises pinch roller, hydraulic actuating cylinder, solenoid directional control valve, bearing, it is characterized in that: the anti sliding wheel in the brake system is arranged on a side of automobile wheel rim, is provided with several radial direction through hole in the anti sliding wheel spoke; Be provided with the pin of free-running fit in the radial direction through hole, single rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder is connected with the rotating shaft of pinch roller through bearing in the follow-up system; The radial section of said pinch roller and the axial cross section of pin are positioned at same plane; Said pinch roller forms extruding with the inner of pin and contacts when the single rod in the hydraulic actuating cylinder stretches out; The outer end of said pin is a free end.
2. a kind of intellectual ice-snow field auxiliary brake device for automobile according to claim 1, its characteristic also is to be with spring on the said pin.
CN2012201395955U 2012-04-05 2012-04-05 Intelligent ice and snow field auxiliary braking device for automobile Expired - Fee Related CN202518251U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012201395955U CN202518251U (en) 2012-04-05 2012-04-05 Intelligent ice and snow field auxiliary braking device for automobile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012201395955U CN202518251U (en) 2012-04-05 2012-04-05 Intelligent ice and snow field auxiliary braking device for automobile

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202518251U true CN202518251U (en) 2012-11-07

Family

ID=47101213

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012201395955U Expired - Fee Related CN202518251U (en) 2012-04-05 2012-04-05 Intelligent ice and snow field auxiliary braking device for automobile

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN202518251U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103359082A (en) * 2012-04-05 2013-10-23 胥春红 Intelligent-type ice and snow area automobile auxiliary braking device
CN104554196A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-04-29 姜朝清 Auxiliary braking mechanism for skid resistance of motor vehicle on ice-snow pavement
CN110406501A (en) * 2019-08-07 2019-11-05 张玲 A kind of abs sensor gear ring using differential than automated cleaning

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103359082A (en) * 2012-04-05 2013-10-23 胥春红 Intelligent-type ice and snow area automobile auxiliary braking device
CN104554196A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-04-29 姜朝清 Auxiliary braking mechanism for skid resistance of motor vehicle on ice-snow pavement
CN110406501A (en) * 2019-08-07 2019-11-05 张玲 A kind of abs sensor gear ring using differential than automated cleaning
CN110406501B (en) * 2019-08-07 2020-11-03 温州瑞奇汽车电子有限公司 Utilize differential ratio self-cleaning's ABS sensor ring gear

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121107

Termination date: 20150405

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model