CN103257057A - Ridge soil sampler - Google Patents

Ridge soil sampler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103257057A
CN103257057A CN2013101966753A CN201310196675A CN103257057A CN 103257057 A CN103257057 A CN 103257057A CN 2013101966753 A CN2013101966753 A CN 2013101966753A CN 201310196675 A CN201310196675 A CN 201310196675A CN 103257057 A CN103257057 A CN 103257057A
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China
Prior art keywords
ridge
soil
sampling
fan
handle
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Granted
Application number
CN2013101966753A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103257057B (en
Inventor
张继光
马兴华
申国明
孔祥丽
许家来
刘传峰
刘海伟
闫慧峰
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Shandong Co Ltd Of China Nationaltobacco Corp
Tobacco Research Institute of CAAS
Original Assignee
Shandong Co Ltd Of China Nationaltobacco Corp
Tobacco Research Institute of CAAS
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Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Co Ltd Of China Nationaltobacco Corp, Tobacco Research Institute of CAAS filed Critical Shandong Co Ltd Of China Nationaltobacco Corp
Priority to CN201310196675.3A priority Critical patent/CN103257057B/en
Publication of CN103257057A publication Critical patent/CN103257057A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103257057B publication Critical patent/CN103257057B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of researches of soil science and environmental science, and specifically relates to a ridge soil sampler applied to ridge planted crops. The ridge soil sampler mainly comprises a sampling head, a connection rod, a support rod, a handle and a lever, wherein one end of the lever is fixedly connected with the handle and the other end of the lever is hinged with one end of the connection rod through a pivot device; the other end of the connection rod is fixedly connected with the top end of the sampling head; one end of the support rod is fixedly connected with the handle and the other end of the support rod is fixedly connected with the sampling head; the sampling head is composed of two hollow 90-degree fan-shaped grab buckets; sampling ports are formed in the fan-shaped grab buckets; the edges of the sampling ports are shaped like waves or sawteeth; and the sampling ports of the two fan-shaped grab buckets are meshed. The ridge soil sampler is simple in structure, convenient to use, less in disturbance to crop growth and high in precision and representativeness, and is suitable for the soil sampling of ridge cultivation.

Description

Ridge body soil sample collector
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical field of pedology, Research of Environmental Sciences, specifically, relate to a kind of ridge body soil sample collector for the ridge culture crop.
Background technology
Ridge culture is that the low bank of earth between fields that forms with delegation of delegation of ditching on the ground is the ridge, or the root that soil is in the ranks trained gradually crop forms the ridge, plants the tillage method of crop then on the ridge.Nowadays the ridge planting mode is more general, and in the North China, ground such as northeast and the Inner Mongol are used for dry crops such as cultivated maize, Chinese sorghum, beet, vegetables more, other areas are mainly used in cultivating tuber crops such as tobacco, sweet potato, potato.Widespread use along with ridge planting, people progressively go deep into the research of ridge culture effect and ridge body soil thereof, need be to the detection of taking a sample of ridge body soil, this also is the basis of work such as ridge culture farmland fertilization compositions based on earth measurement, soil moisture content monitoring and other a series of scientific researches.Therefore the science of ridge body pedotheque collection and representativeness are just most important.
At ridge body soil, still there is not special soil sample collector at present, all be to use the general soil sample collector in farmland.Present existing soil sample collector is two kinds basically: a kind of is little mamoty, simple in structure, but has the shortcoming of destroying ridge body and soil texture on the one hand in application, and has the problem that randomness is big, sampling is difficult to represent ridge body soil characteristic in sampling.Another kind is T shape soil sample collector, and it is fixing and convertible to comprise drill bit, though easy to use, same some problems that exist in the ridge culture soil sample: 1, the single sampling amount is less, needs multiple spot repeatedly to take a sample usually, inefficiency; 2, in sand loam soil, the easy landing of institute's soil sampling is difficult to get complete sample in the drill bit; 3, the little and institute's sample thief of Qu Yang volume is representative relatively poor, influences ridge body sampling test result's accuracy.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention proposes a kind of simple in structure, easy to use, few to the plant growth disturbance, degree of accuracy and representative high, be applicable to the sampler of the ridge body tangent plane soil of ridge planting.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of ridge body soil sample collector, it mainly comprises sampling head, connecting link, support bar, handle and lever.One end and the handle of described lever are affixed, and the other end is hinged by an end of axle pivot device and connecting link, and the other end of connecting link and the top of sampling head are affixed; Described support bar one end and handle are affixed, and the other end and sampling head are affixed.
Described sampling head is made of 90 ° of fan-shaped grab buckets of two hollows.
Described fan-shaped grab bucket is provided with sample tap, and the limit of sample tap is waveform or zigzag, the sample tap engagement of two fan-shaped grab buckets.The limit of sample tap is that waveform or zigzag are convenient to cut ridge body soil.
Fan-shaped grab bucket, connecting link, support bar and lever constitute the leg-of-mutton stable support structure of class, fan-shaped grab bucket can be pushed ridge body soil sample.
Described sampling head, support bar and lever form stable class triangular support structure.The limit of described fan-shaped grab sample mouth is set to waveform or zigzag, is convenient to go deep into soil sample on the one hand, is convenient to tight engagement on the other hand, and the soil that prevents from taking a sample drops.
When using this soil sample collector to carry out soil sample, comprise the steps:
Step a is: during open-air ridge body sampling operation, according to ridge height degree and sampling depth requirement, with handle 2 fan-shaped grab buckets of ridge body soil sample collector are opened, be placed on corresponding sampling depth.
Step b is: 2 handles of sampler are held in respectively in a people's right-hand man or two people's the hand, firmly press down then, the strength transmission by handle and support bar is pressed into fan-shaped grab bucket in the soil like this.
Step c is: 2 fan-shaped grab buckets are firmly snapped together, and pedotheque is upwards carried ridge body soil sample collector then and is carefully taken out in sampled head has been enclosed in like this.
Steps d is: after soil sample collector is proposed the ridge body, with 2 handles with fan-shaped grab bucket folding, the soil body that viscosity is bigger or more moistening, then need be under the help of scraper, pedotheque is taken out respectively from 2 fan-shaped grab buckets, and be placed in the sampling bag, finish ridge body soil sampling one time.
The present invention is particularly useful for the tangent plane soil sample under the ridge planting mode of field crop.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1, less to ridge body and soil texture disturbance, but in-situ sampling or the original-pack soil of the earth that fetches earth.
Can get the soil section sample of ridge body when 2, fetching earth, easy to use, sample representation is good.
3, sampling amount is bigger, and can improve the sampling efficiency of ridge body soil.
4, sampler is taken out the ridge body after, pedotheque sealing does not come off.
5, sturdy and durable, not yielding.
6, be applicable to the different soils type, and simple to operate, quick detachable, be easy to carry.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is one of structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is two of structural representation of the present invention.
Wherein, 1, sampling head; 2, connecting link; 3, support bar; 4, handle; 5, lever; 6, axle pivot device; 7, fan-shaped grab bucket; 8, sample tap.
Embodiment
Specify the present invention below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Embodiment 1:
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the present invention includes sampling head 1, connecting link 2, support bar 3, handle 4 and lever 5.One end and the handle 4 of lever 5 are affixed, and the other end is hinged with an end of connecting link 2 by axle pivot device 6, and the top of the other end of connecting link 2 and sampling head 1 is affixed; Support bar 3 one ends and handle 4 are affixed, and the other end and sampling head 1 are affixed.Sampling head 1 is made of 90 ° of fan-shaped grab buckets 7 of two hollows.Fan-shaped grab bucket 7 is provided with sample tap 8, and the limit of sample tap 8 is waveform or zigzag, and the sample tap 8 of two fan-shaped grab buckets 7 can tight engagement.
Sampling head 1, support bar 3 and lever 5 form stable class triangular support structure.The limit of fan-shaped grab sample mouth 8 is set to waveform or zigzag, is convenient to go deep into soil sample on the one hand, is convenient to tight engagement on the other hand, and the soil that prevents from taking a sample drops.
When using this soil sample collector to carry out soil sample, comprise the steps:
Step a is: during open-air ridge body sampling operation, according to ridge height degree and sampling depth requirement, with handle 42 fan-shaped grab buckets 7 of ridge body soil sample collector are opened, be placed on corresponding sampling depth.
Step b is: 2 handles 4 of sampler are held in respectively among the right-hand man, firmly press down then, the strength transmission by handle 4 and support bar 3 is pressed into fan-shaped grab bucket 7 in the soil like this.
Step c is: 2 fan-shaped grab buckets 7 are firmly snapped together, in pedotheque has been enclosed in for sampled 1 like this, then ridge body soil sample collector is upwards carried and carefully taken out.
Steps d is: after soil sample collector is proposed the ridge body, with 2 handles 4 with fan-shaped grab bucket 7 foldings, the soil body that viscosity is bigger or more moistening, then need be under the help of scraper, pedotheque is taken out respectively from 2 fan-shaped grab buckets 7, and be placed in the sampling bag, finish ridge body soil sampling one time.
Embodiment 2:
Outside distinguishing down, other are with embodiment 1.
Fan-shaped grab bucket 7 is welded by the stainless-steel sheet of hard 304, and steel plate thickness is no less than 1.2mm.Support bar 3 and handle 4 can be formed weight reduction with circular or square stainless-steel tube.Lever and handle, support bar and handle, support bar and first-class being connected of sampling all can adopt bolt to connect, and be detachable, is easy to carry.

Claims (3)

1. a ridge body soil sample collector is characterized in that, comprises sampling head (1), connecting link (2), support bar (3), handle (4) and lever (5); One end of described lever (5) and handle (4) are affixed, and the other end is hinged with an end of connecting link (2) by axle pivot device (6), and the top of the other end of connecting link (2) and sampling head (1) is affixed; Described support bar (3) one ends and handle (4) are affixed, and the bottom of the other end and sampling head (1) is affixed.
2. ridge according to claim 1 body soil sample collector is characterized in that, described sampling head (1) is made of 90 ° of fan-shaped grab buckets (7) of two hollows.
3. ridge according to claim 2 body soil sample collector is characterized in that described fan-shaped grab bucket (7) is provided with sample tap (8), and the limit of sample tap (8) is waveform or zigzag, and the engagement of the sample tap (8) of two fan-shaped grab buckets (7).
CN201310196675.3A 2013-05-24 2013-05-24 Ridge body soil sample collector Expired - Fee Related CN103257057B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310196675.3A CN103257057B (en) 2013-05-24 2013-05-24 Ridge body soil sample collector

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310196675.3A CN103257057B (en) 2013-05-24 2013-05-24 Ridge body soil sample collector

Publications (2)

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CN103257057A true CN103257057A (en) 2013-08-21
CN103257057B CN103257057B (en) 2016-12-28

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109000966A (en) * 2018-09-13 2018-12-14 徐州华显凯星信息科技有限公司 A kind of environmental project Soil K+adsorption sampler
CN110132637A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-08-16 长沙师范学院 A kind of physical detecting geological sample storage device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2510848Y (en) * 2001-12-27 2002-09-11 中国科学院武汉植物研究所 Quantitative collecting holder for water submerged vegetation
CN2738232Y (en) * 2004-09-15 2005-11-02 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Submerged plant sampler
CN201352187Y (en) * 2008-11-17 2009-11-25 山东省淡水水产研究所 Box type bottom sediment sampler
CN201947702U (en) * 2010-12-10 2011-08-31 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 Water plant biomass sampler

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2510848Y (en) * 2001-12-27 2002-09-11 中国科学院武汉植物研究所 Quantitative collecting holder for water submerged vegetation
CN2738232Y (en) * 2004-09-15 2005-11-02 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Submerged plant sampler
CN201352187Y (en) * 2008-11-17 2009-11-25 山东省淡水水产研究所 Box type bottom sediment sampler
CN201947702U (en) * 2010-12-10 2011-08-31 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 Water plant biomass sampler

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109000966A (en) * 2018-09-13 2018-12-14 徐州华显凯星信息科技有限公司 A kind of environmental project Soil K+adsorption sampler
CN109000966B (en) * 2018-09-13 2021-01-19 山东派瑞环境保护监测有限公司 Environmental engineering soil detection sampler
CN110132637A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-08-16 长沙师范学院 A kind of physical detecting geological sample storage device
CN110132637B (en) * 2019-04-23 2021-05-18 长沙师范学院 Geological sample storage device for physical exploration

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