CN201433761Y - Original soil sample collecting device - Google Patents

Original soil sample collecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201433761Y
CN201433761Y CN2009200150272U CN200920015027U CN201433761Y CN 201433761 Y CN201433761 Y CN 201433761Y CN 2009200150272 U CN2009200150272 U CN 2009200150272U CN 200920015027 U CN200920015027 U CN 200920015027U CN 201433761 Y CN201433761 Y CN 201433761Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drill
opening
drilling rod
tube
groove
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009200150272U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
舒乔生
袁枫
谢立亚
贾天会
郑国相
蒋春光
武玉峰
曲威
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHENYANG WITU AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
LIAONING PROVINCE WATER AND SOIL CONSERVATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE
Original Assignee
SHENYANG WITU AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
LIAONING PROVINCE WATER AND SOIL CONSERVATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHENYANG WITU AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd, LIAONING PROVINCE WATER AND SOIL CONSERVATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE filed Critical SHENYANG WITU AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN2009200150272U priority Critical patent/CN201433761Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201433761Y publication Critical patent/CN201433761Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model is an original soil sample collecting device, which comprises a drilling rod, a drill body, a handle, a collecting tube, a state indicator rod and an elastic steel ring, wherein thedrilling rod is a hollow column, the top of which is firmly jointed with a handle with an opening in the middle and the bottom end of which is firmly jointed with a top cover of the drill body; the drill body is a cylindrical shell provided with the top cover the opening of which is correspondingly fastened with the drilling rod; the state indicator rod is arranged in the communicated drill body cavity and drilling rod cavity; the drill body sidewall is provided with an opening adaptive to the collecting tube; the opening extends to the inner wall of the drill body to form an inner ring groovewith the depth equal to the thickness of the wall of the collecting tube; the collecting tube penetrates through the opening and is disposed in the inner ring groove of the drill body; grooves are perpendicularly arranged on the outer walls on two sides at the opening of the drill body; elastic steel rings are arranged to clamp with the grooves; and the collecting tube is fastened with the drillbody through the elastic steel rings. The utility model has the simple structure, convenient operation, ingenious conception, reasonable design, low production cost and high economical efficiency, andhas ideal effect for collecting original soil samples in different layers.

Description

The original-state soil sample collecting apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to soil and gather the geology investigation field, specifically is a kind of previous status pedotheque harvester.
Background technology
Soil volume proportion can be used to calculate the weight and the soil porosity of certain area certain depth soil; The height of soil weight size reflection soil texture, gas permeability, water permeability and water retaining capacity also can be used as the reference index that engineering fetches earth etc.
For measured soil unit weight exactly, classical ground method is that the steel cutting ring steadily is pressed in the soil, after earth pillar is emerged on the cutting ring, dig surrounding soil with spades, taking-up is full of the cutting ring of soil, if measure the deeper soil weight, then will excavate soil profile.For anthropogenic soil, so hard intensity ground disturbed soil is got the undisturbed soil sample, can only be limited in spring and autumn.Yet the many farming operations (as middle tilling depth pine, irrigation or the like) during the crop growth are very dark to the influence of the soil weight, situation as untimely these variations of grasp, be difficult to propose scientific and effective regulation measure, and traditional sampling method wastes time and energy, effect is very low.Therefore on the basis of traditional core cutter method, study a kind of original position and do not have the utensil that destruction successively fetches earth and seem very necessarily.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of previous status pedotheque harvester, under the situation of avoiding the large tracts of land disturbed soil, successively drill through undisturbed soil, overcome the restriction in season and place, reach and drill through the undisturbed soil soil sample whenever and wherever possible originally, in time grasp the plant growth soil weight dynamic change in each period, for the science regulation and control provide data.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is for achieving the above object:
A kind of previous status pedotheque harvester, it comprises drilling rod, drill body, handle, also comprises, gathers tube, state indicating arm, flexible steel ring;
Described drilling rod is the cylinder of hollow, and its top is connected with the handle of middle part perforate, establishes nut and runs through handle and be connected with the state indicating arm, and bottom and drill body top cover are affixed;
Described drill body is the cylindrical shell that is provided with top cover, and its top cover perforate is corresponding with drilling rod affixed, and the drill body cavity communicates with the drilling rod cavity and is equipped with the state indicating arm;
Described drill body sidewall offers and gathers the opening that tube adapts, and described opening extends to form the degree of depth and gathers the thick identical inner groove of barrel to the drill body inwall;
Described collection tube is that interior warp is identical with the drill body internal diameter, the cylindrical shell that external diameter is identical with the inner groove external diameter, gather tube and pass the inner groove that opening places drill body, vertically be provided with groove on the outer wall of described drill body opening part both sides, if flexible steel ring and groove clamping, described collection tube are by flexible steel ring and drill body is affixed is integral.
This previous status pedotheque harvester is characterised in that: described state indicating arm bottom is connected with the washer that is placed in the drill body.Can insert the undisturbed soil collection container of different size or the cutting ring of corresponding specification in the drill body.The drilling rod bottom is installed with the solid-state sealed bearing that is slidingly matched with the state indicating arm.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1, previous status pedotheque collector of the present utility model is simple in structure, simple to operation, and the undisturbed soil sample effect of gathering different levels is very desirable.
2, previous status pedotheque collector of the present utility model is skillfully constructed, and is reasonable in design, low cost of manufacture, good economy performance.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is a drill body structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 3-1 is one of collection tube schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3-2 is two of a collection tube schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is a flexible steel ring schematic diagram of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1,2,3-1,3-2,4, a kind of previous status pedotheque harvester, it comprises drilling rod 3, drill body 5, handle 1; Also comprise, gather tube 6, state indicating arm 2, flexible steel ring 9; The cylinder that described drilling rod 3 is a hollow (the utility model employing hollow steel tube), its top is connected with middle part perforate handle 1, if nut 8 runs through handle 1 and is connected with state indicating arm 2, prevent state indicating arm 2 landing from drilling rod 3, the fixing welding of drilling rod 3 bottoms and drill body 5 top covers, be carved with scale on drilling rod 3 outer walls, in order to the soil depth of the indication soil sample of gathering; Described drilling rod 3 is provided with and should be the state indicating arm, and whether the marker for judgment on the viewed status indicating arm 2 fetches earth to get expires, and described drilling rod 3 bottoms are installed with the solid-state sealed bearing that is slidingly matched with state indicating arm 2.
Described drill body 5 is for being provided with the cylindrical shell of top cover, its top cover perforate is corresponding affixed with drilling rod 3, and drill body 5 cavitys communicate with drilling rod 3 cavitys and are equipped with state indicating arm 2, and described state indicating arm 2 is than drilling rod 3 long 1~2cm, be carved with scale on drilling rod 3 outer walls, in order to the soil depth of the indication soil sample of gathering.
Described state indicating arm 2 bottoms are connected with the washer 4 (present embodiment employing circular metal plate) that is placed in the drill body 5, and described washer 4 is concordant with drill body 5 openings 10 upper limbs; Described drill body 5 sidewalls offer and gather the identical opening 10 of tube 6 sectional areas, described this opening 10 extends to form groove depth and gathers the identical inner groove of tube 6 wall thickness to drill body 5 inwalls, undisturbed soil sample collection tube 6 can be put into the inner groove of drill body 5, when gathering soil sample, make and gather tube 6 stress balances and keep stable, drill body 5 root edges are cutting ring cutting edge 7, cut soil in order to cut out when gathering originally for soil sample.
Described collection tube 6 is that interior warp is identical with drill body 5 internal diameters, the cylindrical shell that external diameter is identical with the inner groove external diameter, pass the inner groove that opening 10 places drill body 5, vertically be provided with two grooves on described drill body 5 openings 10 place's outer walls, described flexible steel ring 9 and groove clamping are gathered tube 6 by flexible steel ring 9 and drill body 5 affixed being integral.All parts of present embodiment all adopt stainless steel material to make.
To gather tube 6 and vertically push in the drill body 5 by the opening on the drill body 5 10 when using, and make and gather in 6 inner groove that just in time are stuck on drill body 5 inwalls, and with steel rim of spring 9 opening 10 be sealed then, this flexible steel ring 9 just in time is stuck in the groove on drill body 5 outer walls.When adopting soil, drill body 5 is pressed in the soil, soil has been gathered and has been finished when the indicator nut 8 that bores handle 1 top is then represented collection tube 6 by jack-up in, collector is extracted, unload steel rim of spring, release from opening 10 levels on the drill body 5 gathering tube 6, under gathering tube the unnecessary soil in two ends being cut by opening 10 in taking out the process of gathering tube 66 about, what be left in the collection tube 6 is exactly the undisturbed soil soil of fixed volume, this process repeats, can repeatedly sample, take into account the size of cutting ring during owing to 6 designs of this collection tube, also cutting ring can be inserted the undisturbed soil that drill body 5 is gathered the different soils levels.This collection tube 6 is equipped with the different drilling rod of structural similarity length 3 according to different needs, in order to using; Drill body 5 sizes can suitably be adjusted according to concrete collection needs.
This original-state soil sample collecting device can be gathered needs design appropriate size according to pedotheque, this example is of a size of: it comprises that drilling rod 3 length are 1300mm, diameter 20mm, drill body 5 internal diameters are 50.46mm, external diameter 60mm, handle 1 diameter 20mm, the internal diameter of gathering tube 6 is 50.46mm, external diameter 54mm, the length of state indicating arm 2 is 1320mm, diameter 5mm, and flexible steel ring 9 thickness are 0.4mm, high 50mm; Washer 4 in the drill body 5 is the circular stainless steel metal plate of a diameter 40mm, the cross-sectional sizes of drill body 5 openings 10 is 54mm (wide) * (50mm) height, opening 10 upper limbs of drill body 5 are apart from drill body 5 upper limb 18mm, and these opening 10 lower edges are apart from drill body 5 lower edge 15mm, the wide 5mm of drill body 5 lower edge cutting edges.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of previous status pedotheque harvester, it comprises drilling rod, drill body, handle, it is characterized in that: also comprise, gather tube, state indicating arm, flexible steel ring;
Described drilling rod is the cylinder of hollow, and its top is connected with the handle of middle part perforate, establishes nut and runs through handle and be connected with the state indicating arm, and bottom and drill body top cover are affixed;
Described drill body is the cylindrical shell that is provided with top cover, and its top cover perforate is corresponding with drilling rod affixed, and the drill body cavity communicates with the drilling rod cavity and is equipped with the state indicating arm;
Described drill body sidewall offers and gathers the opening that tube adapts, and described opening extends to form the degree of depth and gathers the thick identical inner groove of barrel to the drill body inwall;
Described collection tube is that internal diameter is identical with the drill body internal diameter, the cylindrical shell that external diameter is identical with the inner groove external diameter, gather tube and pass the inner groove that opening places drill body, vertically be provided with groove on the outer wall of described drill body opening part both sides, if flexible steel ring and groove clamping, described collection tube are by flexible steel ring and drill body is affixed is integral.
2, according to the described previous status pedotheque of claim 1 harvester, it is characterized in that: described state indicating arm bottom is connected with the washer that is placed in the drill body.
3, according to the described previous status pedotheque of claim 1 harvester, it is characterized in that: described drill body bottom is the cutting ring cutting edge.
4, according to the described previous status pedotheque of claim 1 harvester, it is characterized in that: described drilling rod bottom is installed with the solid-state sealed bearing that is slidingly matched with the state indicating arm.
CN2009200150272U 2009-07-02 2009-07-02 Original soil sample collecting device Expired - Fee Related CN201433761Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200150272U CN201433761Y (en) 2009-07-02 2009-07-02 Original soil sample collecting device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200150272U CN201433761Y (en) 2009-07-02 2009-07-02 Original soil sample collecting device

Publications (1)

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CN201433761Y true CN201433761Y (en) 2010-03-31

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103670394A (en) * 2012-08-31 2014-03-26 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Earth-taking device for sand frozen earth
CN104612125A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-05-13 中国科学院武汉岩土力学研究所 Double-wall closed soil sampling method and device for soft soil
CN105510173A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-04-20 辽宁省水文局 Method for measuring soil water content on site
CN106017978A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-10-12 青岛农业大学 Soil sampler convenient and rapid to use and capable of being used for testing deep soil volume weight
CN108184486A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-06-22 辽宁大学 A kind of saving water, resisting drought device for raising seedlings and method for culturing seedlings

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103670394A (en) * 2012-08-31 2014-03-26 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Earth-taking device for sand frozen earth
CN103670394B (en) * 2012-08-31 2016-03-16 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 A kind of drawing out soil equipment of sand ground frozen soil
CN104612125A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-05-13 中国科学院武汉岩土力学研究所 Double-wall closed soil sampling method and device for soft soil
CN104612125B (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-06-08 中国科学院武汉岩土力学研究所 A kind of closed soil basketing method of the double wall for weak soil and device
CN105510173A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-04-20 辽宁省水文局 Method for measuring soil water content on site
CN106017978A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-10-12 青岛农业大学 Soil sampler convenient and rapid to use and capable of being used for testing deep soil volume weight
CN108184486A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-06-22 辽宁大学 A kind of saving water, resisting drought device for raising seedlings and method for culturing seedlings

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100331

Termination date: 20100702