CN103243813B - Fastening system - Google Patents

Fastening system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103243813B
CN103243813B CN201210310585.8A CN201210310585A CN103243813B CN 103243813 B CN103243813 B CN 103243813B CN 201210310585 A CN201210310585 A CN 201210310585A CN 103243813 B CN103243813 B CN 103243813B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fastening
arm
force
block
bow
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CN201210310585.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103243813A (en
Inventor
谢晓斌
邹彤
李震
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一禾科技发展(上海)有限公司
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Priority to CN201210310585.8A priority Critical patent/CN103243813B/en
Publication of CN103243813A publication Critical patent/CN103243813A/en
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Publication of CN103243813B publication Critical patent/CN103243813B/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/58Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/12Mounting of reinforcing inserts; Prestressing
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/88Curtain walls
    • E04B2/885Curtain walls comprising a supporting structure for flush mounted glazing panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/88Curtain walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/58Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like
    • E06B3/585Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like adjustable, e.g. for accommodating panes of various thickness, or with provisions for altering the clamping force on the pane
    • E06B3/5857Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like adjustable, e.g. for accommodating panes of various thickness, or with provisions for altering the clamping force on the pane the fixing being adjustable, e.g. in one of several possible positions
    • E06B3/5864Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like adjustable, e.g. for accommodating panes of various thickness, or with provisions for altering the clamping force on the pane the fixing being adjustable, e.g. in one of several possible positions with adjusting screws, wedges or cams
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/58Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like
    • E06B3/60Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like of clamping cleats of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/58Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like
    • E06B3/62Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like of rubber-like elastic cleats

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fastening system, described fastening system comprises a compressing assembly, a fastening assembly and a fastened object, and described compressing assembly coordinates fastened object to oppress described fastening assembly generation prestressing force and then fastening described fastened object.In fastening system of the present invention, compressing assembly coordinates fastened object to oppress described fastening assembly generation prestressing force together, fastened object becomes the prestressed main control element of generation, what fastening assembly was selected is elastomeric material, it under external force, namely material internal forms stable prestressing force and stores, and with fastened object, oppresses together with assembly and forms stable prestress system.

Description

Fastening system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fastening system, particularly a kind of for the fastening items system exciting and control and formed of the prestressed dynamic production process of elastomeric material and application thereof.
Background technology
The current whole nation and even global construction work comprise the fields such as interior decoration engineering, for a class tensile strength with the solid articles (as glass, stone material, pottery etc.) that rupture strength is not high, fragility is large, it is traditional, general mounting means be object is placed in U-type groove by section bar or component fastening; Or by structure glue by object directly and section bar fastening; Or through hole or fluting are set on object, more fastening by the direct rigidity of hardware, or by hardware by object and framing component basic unit rigidity fastening etc.Existing many concerned countries specifications and standard adopt with upper type this type of object fastening mostly, and now just wherein partial specification illustrates:
1, " national building standard design atlas " 97J103-1 of Minstry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of People Republic of China's approval issue, " aluminum alloy hidden frame, perpendicular hidden curtain wall series " wherein and " aluminum alloy hidden frame glass curtain wall series " part, about the fixing of glass and mounting means are roughly summarized as follows: be first bonded in aluminium alloy extrusions auxiliary frame with structure glue, double faced adhesive tape by glass; Then the assembly of glass and auxiliary frame is moved near the vertical and transverse member of Curtain wall frame, put in place according to designing requirement adjusting position; Auxiliary frame is connected with Curtain wall frame by pressing plate or other coupling members with tapping screw etc. again.As pressing plate need to be pressed onto up and down simultaneously or other adjacent glass such as left and right time, must after periphery glass hanging puts in place clam member again; Finally stay seam place to fill fire prevention, insulation and encapsulant etc. at glass, so far complete the fixing of concealed frame glass curtain wall and install.
We know, it is the distance reduced each other that two objects are implemented one of fastening mode, therefore both one of or all must there is displacement close to each other.In the installation process of curtain wall, the vertical and transverse member of obvious Curtain wall frame is fixing, so the necessarily glass be subjected to displacement and aluminium alloy extrusions auxiliary frame.And between both, the vertical and transverse member of framework is undoubtedly rigidity, be flexible because glass and the material behavior of structure glue determine the assembly of glass and auxiliary frame relative.And, in the fastener cycle of auxiliary frame with vertical and transverse member, what rely on is only the fastening of several single-points of pressing plate, because just have employed the connection of the flexible materials such as sealing joint strip between auxiliary frame and horizontal vertical member, and is not that large area that be similar to flange, that possess rigidity connects.Just because of the existence of above-mentioned defect, even if we suppose that the vertical of glass, auxiliary frame and Curtain wall frame and transverse member etc. are all definitely smooth, also without any error between them.So the fastening installation process of whole curtain wall, be exactly the process of flexible combination body to the Curtain wall frame movement of rigidity of glass and auxiliary frame, and some fastening point are in the process not synchronous, rigid plane to be formed in other words, but single-point is fastening, therefore glass will inevitably be distorted, and inside glass also will inevitably produce unbalanced stress weighing apparatus and there is hidden danger.
Certain actual conditions are, can there is flatness error between glass and auxiliary frame; Itself there is flatness error in glass; Curtain wall vertical and there is flatness error between transverse member and auxiliary frame; Vertical, the level adding that the vertical of curtain wall and transverse member itself exist and angular error; Add that glass and auxiliary frame exist mutual thickness error after bonding; Add that the degree of tightening of field worker bolton pressing plate also can there are differences etc.When curtain wall is installed in addition, the assembly of glass and auxiliary frame is first shelved on to hold in the palm on bar (cushion block), then by tightening bolt iterative method on pressing plate until be finally connected with Curtain wall frame, now because the deadweight of glass adds install fulcrum in lower end, so resistance when being positioned at the bolt tightening of glass bottom is much larger than glass top; Equally, when the auxiliary frame of pressing plate simultaneously up and down fastening or two blocks of glass in left and right, due to the existence of above-mentioned various error and the difference of glass position, size and erection sequence, the result certainly led to is: on pressing plate, apply identical pressure, but the power suffered by stress point of pressing plate two ends auxiliary frame does not wait, and be uncontrollable, uncertain.
Above-mentioned all factors finally all can cause glass auxiliary frame to produce destructive monolateral mastication forces to the structure glue of adhesive glass, and this mastication forces planar distortion phenomenon that glass is caused and the heterogeneous distortion internal stress that simultaneously produces, cause the curtain wall after completing to exist in use procedure in the future and be subject to external force (as wind-force, keep a public place clean, maintenance etc.) and the potential safety hazard of bringing out, so that there is glass to come unstuck, explosion, the harm of safety such as to fall, this is also just since curtain wall is applied to building external decoration structure, the main cause that frequent curtain wall falling accident produces, to such an extent as to curtain wall is compared to " time bomb of urban air " by everybody.In addition, if the stable state of one block of glass changes in curtain wall, adjacent glass or object can be caused correspondingly to occur uncertain internal stress, even further the generation of the monolateral mastication forces of aggravation and the generation of the destructive internal stress of inside glass, thus bring out new potential safety hazard.
Owing to being subject to the limitation of mounting means, current curtain wall usually can only be installed at building interior or outside enforcement or change, and easily has an impact to other glass of periphery or damage when changing glass, and later maintenance is more difficult.
2, " national building standard design atlas " 02J603-1, " flat open aluminum window " wherein, " aluminum alloy sliding window ", " Ping Kai aluminium alloy door " and " sliding aluminium alloy door " part, the fixing and mounting means of relevant bar glass is roughly summarized as follows: first by section bar according to size (supposing that bar is rectangle below) blanking; Then with 45 degree of splicings or vertical mode group angle of splicing, in section bar, insert the connectors such as corner brace, fix by tapping screw or squeezed riveting structure and be combined into the frame of bar; Inserted by glass in the U-type groove of section bar frame, rest pad is placed in bottom, and periphery placement positioning block, weather strip (pad) etc., complete assembled for bar again; Finally to be installed on connecting, locking respectively according to designing requirement on the section bar of bar frame with functional Hardware fitting by field worker, so far to complete the fixing of aluminium alloy door-window glass part and install.
With the fastening glass of this mode, first the glass in bar does not have into aluminium alloy extrusions frame and is integrated, and be only that glass is shelved in the U-type groove of aluminium alloy extrusions, the performance that bar frame bears the opposing external force loads such as the deadweight of glass and Wind-Pressure Resistance depends on the resistance moment of the main stressed member of bar frame, generally speaking the sectional area of section bar its resistance moment larger also wants large, because the main stressed member of bar is exactly section bar, and section bar stressed realizes by the connection of the connectors such as corner brace in the mutual support of section bar section struction and section material section.So the designing requirement in order to meet bearing load, the section bar sectional area selected is often all larger, meanwhile also must have strict regulation to the wide size of the height of bar; In addition the size, model etc. of section bar arrange and cannot accomplish to segment completely; namely the selection of section bar cannot be applicable to corresponding load requirement completely; and now we can select the section bar of specification bigger than normal to meet the designing requirement of load usually; adding aluminium alloy extrusions is almost cannot be reusable; therefore these traditional ways all can cause whole industry wasting phenomenon very serious undoubtedly at present; be unfavorable for the national economic system of China's development resource economy type, the strategy of restriction China sustainable development performs.
In addition, the section that glass is shelved directly causing glassy phase to fragility on back-up block is stressed, easily produces unbalanced internal stress at inside glass, excites very easily occur crackle and even explosion once be subject to external force; The group angle of section bar and splicing structure complete by hand by workman, higher to the fastening dynamics control overflow of screw etc., impact by workman and field condition is large, if misoperation also easily causes distortion, unbalance stress etc. in glass installation process, brings potential safety hazard to use in the future; The effect be arranged between glass and section bar such as fluid sealant and weather strip fixes, seals and cushions, but along with passage of time all can be aging gradually and weaken and even lose its due function, thus cause glass to loosen producing new potential safety hazard; By the impact of profile structure, the installation of the hardwares such as hinge, sliding support, handle, door and window lock, all lean on the screw thread of the wall thickness of section bar frame occlusion hardware to complete fastening, obviously the wall thickness of section bar frame cannot meet this designing requirement of the fastening fastness of five metals, thus after just causing current ubiquitous installation aluminium alloy door-window occur loosening, fit badly, the phenomenon such as to leak, then can there is the security incidents such as bar drops in serious.
3, " national building standard design atlas " J103-2 ~ 7 " hanged glass curtain wall " part, wherein about one of the fixing of glass and mounting means are roughly summarized as follows: first offer through hole at glass edge according to designing requirement, then glass hanging is put in place, use fixture fixing glass, periphery is aided with cushion block or rubber cushion, then fixture is implemented to the installation of the complete pair glass of bolton by workman.
With the fastening glass of this mode: it is stressed that the sling point of glass forms section, and certainly will be stress weak spot, easily the destructive section internal stress of formation, causes glass to occur the potential safety hazards such as crack even bursts, fall; Not exclusively possess three-dimensional regulation function during installation, easily make when error appears in glass and component etc. glass produce distortion, and then the diffusion of the unbalanced internal stress of aggravation Glass hanging point is until initiation potential; When implementing fastening to fixture in addition, the fastening dynamics control overflow of bolt is higher, and the impact by workman and field condition is large, if misoperation also easily causes the stress of glass to concentrate; Cushion block or the aging glass that causes of rubber cushion loosen the new potential safety hazard etc. of generation.
4, " national building standard design atlas " 11J508 " equals and opens glass partition door " part, wherein about the fixing of glass and mounting means are roughly summarized as follows: first at glass edge according to designing requirement corner cut or arrange through hole, then glass is moved into place, use fixture fixing glass, periphery is aided with plastic spacer, then fixture is implemented to the installation of the complete pair glass of bolton by workman.
With the fastening glass of this mode: the supporting-point of glass is positioned on the bolt of fixture, and glass section and fixture are rigid contact, and the stressed section of glass certainly will be stress weak spot, easily form destructive internal stress, cause glass to occur the potential safety hazards such as crack; In use procedure, glass door is opened continually, and the deadweight of glass and other external force all can cause the fastening point of glass and fixture directly to produce extra, uncertain section internal stress, thus the balance of breaking glass overall inner-stress, produce potential safety hazard; The fastening dynamics control overflow of bolt is higher in addition, and the impact by workman and field condition is large; The new potential safety hazard such as plastic spacer is aging to be caused fastening point to loosen producing glass slides, drop.
5, in " national building standard design atlas " J103-2 ~ 7 " stone material (framework) curtain wall ", Back-bolt type about stone material is fixed and mounting means is roughly summarized as follows: first arrange back of the body bolt and connector according to designing requirement at stone material corresponding site, on column stone material being shelved on building by connector and crossbeam, the adjustment screw on last adjusting connector top, suitably to revise the position of stone material, so far completes the installation of stone curtain wall.
By this mode, stone curtain wall is installed, maximum problem is stone material and does not just implement fastening between column and crossbeam at all, and be only stone material is shelved on column and crossbeam by connector to realize installing, adjustment screw also only by its end points and connector plane contact, cannot realize fastening, as long as so slightly external force will make the loosening even landing of stone material appearance.In addition, stone material and be rigid contact between column and crossbeam, and there is flatness error in stone material itself, there is vertical, level and angular error in column and crossbeam plane, add the site error of stone material upper connector, not exclusively possess three-dimensional regulation function etc. during installation, above-mentioned error all to cause installing on rear stone material in several anchor points really stressedly may only have two, and these two anchor points are the weight being not enough to bear stone material.Stone material inside also can produce uneven, unstable internal stress simultaneously, once be given a shock, the impact of the external force such as collision, namely can aggravate the destruction of unbalanced internal stress to stone material, finally cause stone material loosen and even fall, larger potential safety hazard is brought to use and maintenance in the future.
Other are as " balustrade with glass panel " in " national building standard design atlas " 06J403-1 and " glass platform breast board " part, and national standard " building curtain wall " GB/T21086-2007, national sector standard " Glass Curtain Wall Projects technical specification " JGJ102-2003, " metal and stone curtain wall engineering legislation " JGJ133-2001 etc., in the fastening means related Sections of above-mentioned national regulation file about glass or stone material, there is above-mentioned similar statement, cannot enumerate at this.Generally speaking, above-mentioned fastening means all can produce unstable destructive internal stress to fastened object, and the problem caused thus is: the object external force resistance strength structure after fastening installation reduces; Five metals is fixed and mounting points very easily formed stress concentrate; The function such as fastening, stressed, antitorque of object is seriously limited by object and section geometric; The requirement of installation dimension deviation and Angle ambiguity is higher, and the requirement of frame material and object precision controlling is higher; The compliance of object mounting condition is weak; The safe accident that object breakage may cause after dropping is high; The various main materials used in the fastening installation of object expend greatly; After the fastening installation of object, the recycling difficulty of reversible is large etc.
Have a strong impact on industrial upgrading for this type of, the problem of the modernization development of restriction energy-saving, environment-friendly and high-efficiency, there is no more rational settling mode at present, the present invention has filled up the blank in this field.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to the defect overcoming prior art, and a kind of fastening system with stable prestressed structure is provided.
Prestressing force [prestressingforce] generally refers in material making or in other object forming processes, in advance to the tensile region under its outer load effect, use compressive stress, the compressive stress constituent material drawn in advance or the prestressed structure of object that corresponding technology and technique are introduced.In material or object, introduce compressive stress, the technology and the technique that form stable prestressed structure are generally referred to as prestressing technique.The material or the object that have prestressed structure are commonly referred to as prestressed material or prestressing force object.
As everyone knows, the prestressed structure of material or object can improve the functional performance of material or object.The functional performance of material or object generally refers to the raising of himself rigidity, the lifting of self anti-shake performance, the enhancing of natural resiliency intensity, thus increases material or the durability of object and the safety in its use procedure.
Have existed since ancient times for prestressing technique, is that Chinese ancients take this apparatus performance of making the life better, and reinforces a kind of technique compensating working tool.As wooden barrel cuff (introducing prestressing force) can durable leakproof etc.
Nearest ISUZU company, along with the continuous breakthrough of prestressing technique, prestressed structure obtains great application in fields such as buildings, and prestressed material also breaches the restriction of high strength steel etc., progressively high to intensity, change from non-metal types such as the large poly-carbon fiber of heavy and light, elastic membrane amount and polyester fiber classes.
But regrettably, prestressed material or object major applications so far is still also confined to the physical property field of improving material and object self.As prestressed material, its physical property no doubt has remarkable reinforcement, but its built-in stable prestressed structure must have it should have the innovation area of use.
Under the effect of external force, introduce the process of compressive stress in material or object, be commonly referred to as material or the built-in prestressed production process of object.Generally speaking, any elastomeric material, under the effect of external force, all can produce built-in prestressing force, the mechanism of external force, is exactly the process that the built-in prestressing force of elastomeric material produces.Implement to control to the dynamic process foreign object that the built-in prestressing force of elastomeric material produces, just form the built-in prestressed rock-steady structure of material or object.
The present invention, use elastomeric material (metal or non-metal type), by external force, compressive stress is introduced to it, and use the dynamic process needing the object of fastening installation to control compressive stress introducing, finally form elastomeric material and need fastening installation object stable prestressed structure integrally, thus completing and reach the fastening effect of object.Due to elastomeric material and the stable prestressed structure needing fastening installation object have one, overall physical property is strengthened greatly, thus the firmness of the fastening installation of object, stability, degree of safety and Discussing Convenience are also strengthened greatly.
The present invention for tensile strength and rupture strength not high, the fastening of the solid articles that fragility is large is provided with Promethean effect.In the modern life, the use of this type of solid articles increases greatly, for example (,) aluminium horizontal open type, collapsible, top hung door/window, aluminum alloy push-pull formula door/window, frameless glass door folder/bar, thick and heavy type safety/burglar-proof glazing door, concealed frame glass curtain wall, suspension type curtain wall/partition---Glass hanging part, automobile door pane etc.
The object of the invention is the deficiency solving the fastening mounting technique of a current class object, a kind of exciting and controlling the dynamic production process of elastomeric material prestressing force is provided, form elastomeric material and need fastening object stable prestressed structure integrally, thus complete and reach the fastening effect of object.The object fastening system that the present invention sets up, collection detects, analyzes, controls and is implemented on one, greatly can strengthen fastening firmness, stability, degree of safety and the Discussing Convenience of solid articles.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention discloses a kind of fastening system, described fastening system comprises a compressing assembly, a fastening assembly and a fastened object, and described compressing assembly coordinates fastened object to oppress described fastening assembly generation prestressing force and then fastening described fastened object.
Further improvement of the present invention is, described fastening assembly comprises two symmetric clamp in the bow-shaped arm of described fastened object both sides, described bow-shaped arm comprises one first arm of force is connected described first arm of force second arm of force with one, the junction of described first arm of force and described second arm of force forms a sliding-end, described first arm of force forms one by pressure side in the side away from described second arm of force, described second arm of force forms a fastening end in the side away from described first arm of force, the pressurized termination of described first arm of force by described compressing assembly compressing and coordinate described fastened object to order about described first arm of force and second arm of force generates prestressing force.
Further improvement of the present invention is, described compressing assembly to comprise on one pressure block and once pressure block, and described upper pressure block is arranged at the upside of described first arm of force, and two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against the soffit of described upper pressure block; Described downforce block is arranged at the downside of described first arm of force, and two of described bow-shaped arm to be resisted against the upper surface of described downforce block by pressure side, two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against described fastened object two sides; Fastening described upper pressure block and described downforce block, described downforce block is oppressed two of described bow-shaped arm and is subject to pressure side to described upper pressure block direction displacement, two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm in the soffit of described upper pressure block occur mutually away from displacement, two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are subject to the spacing of described fastened object, thus order about described first arm of force and described second arm of force generates the fastening described fastened object of prestressing force.Be fastened by bolts described upper pressure block and described downforce block, described upper pressure block offers a slotted hole for described bolt-through, and described bolt carry out position adjustment by described slotted hole along a first direction; The position that described fastened object carries out a second direction and a third direction by described enclosed space adjusts.。
Further improvement of the present invention is, described compressing assembly to comprise on one pressure assembly and once pressure block, described upper pressure assembly comprises: a casing, and described casing is arranged at the upside of described first arm of force, and two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against the soffit of described casing, described box house hollow is formed with a slipping space, and described roof box offers one first through hole, and described box bottom offers one second through hole, one first wedge type block, is arranged in described top board by described first through hole, and described first wedge type block bottom surface forms one first inclined-plane, and described first wedge type block bottom surface is formed with a screw, and one second wedge type block, be slidedly arranged in described slipping space, the end face of described second wedge type block coordinates described first inclined-plane to be formed with one second inclined-plane, described second inclined-plane is formed with the elongated slot that runs through described second wedge type block from top to bottom, and the side of described second wedge type block is combined with a push bolt, described downforce block is arranged at the downside of described first arm of force, and two of described bow-shaped arm to be resisted against the upper surface of described downforce block by pressure side, two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against described fastened object two sides, by the second through hole described in bolt-through and described elongated slot, and coordinate the screw of described first wedge type block that described downforce block is anchored on described first wedge type block, push bolt drives described first wedge type block of described second wedge type block pushing and pressing to top offset, and then oppress described bow-shaped arm two by pressure side to described box bottom direction displacement, two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm in the soffit of described box bottom occur mutually away from displacement, two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are subject to the spacing of described fastened object, thus order about described first arm of force and described second arm of force generates the fastening described fastened object of prestressing force.Described first through hole and described second through hole are grooved hole, and described bolt carries out position adjustment by described slotted hole along a first direction; The position that described fastened object carries out a second direction and a third direction by described enclosed space adjusts.
Further improvement of the present invention is, described compressing assembly to comprise on one pressure block and once pressure block, first side of described upper pressure block offers the first through hole, the downward platform stretching out two groups of symmetries of second side direction of described upper pressure block, corresponding described first through hole in first side of described downforce block extends the arm of force of two groups of symmetries, on the described arm of force, corresponding described first through hole offers the second through hole, and the end of the described arm of force upwards extends to form a limited block, the corresponding described platform in second side of described downforce block is formed with the fulcrum of two groups of symmetries, described upper pressure block is arranged at the upside of described first arm of force, two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against the soffit of described upper pressure block, described downforce block is arranged at the downside of described first arm of force, two of described bow-shaped arm to be resisted against the upper surface of described downforce block by pressure side, described two bow-shaped arms pass between two groups of arm of forces of described downforce block and two groups of fulcrums respectively, and two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against described fastened object two sides, described fulcrum is set up on described platform, by the first through hole described in bolt-through and the fastening described upper pressure block of the second through hole and described downforce block, oppressing two of described bow-shaped arm is subject to pressure side to described upper pressure block direction displacement, two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm in the soffit of described upper pressure block occur mutually away from displacement, two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are subject to the spacing of described fastened object, thus order about described first arm of force and described second arm of force generates the fastening described fastened object of prestressing force.Described second through hole is a grooved hole, and described bolt carries out position adjustment by described slotted hole along a first direction; The position that described fastened object carries out a second direction and a third direction by described enclosed space adjusts.。
Further improvement of the present invention is, the pressure side that is subject to of described bow-shaped arm has extended to form a rotation positioning edge downwards, and the corresponding described rotation positioning edge of described downforce block is formed with rotation locating slot.
Further improvement of the present invention is, being connected by an arc-shaped deformation district by between pressure side of described bow-shaped arm.
Further improvement of the present invention is, the fastening end of described bow-shaped arm is provided with a pressing plate, the formation one press plate position regulatory region and the join domain of described pressing plate and described second arm of force caves inward.
Further improvement of the present invention is, the sliding-end of described bow-shaped arm becomes arc surface or inclined-plane.
Further improvement of the present invention is, the thickness of described second arm of force forms a gradual change from thick to thin from described sliding-end to described fastening end.
Further improvement of the present invention is, described first arm of force and second arm of force are combined by the syndeton cooperatively interacted and form described bow-shaped arm, when for time fastening: described syndeton forms a rigidity in described enclosed space inside and draws a little, forms a rigid support in described enclosed space outside; Described first arm of force near the side of described second arm of force to downward-extension go forward side by side one step fold inward formed one first holding section, described second arm of force turns down the second holding section of adaptive described first holding section of formation one obliquely near the side of described first arm of force, described first holding section mutually engages with described second holding section and then is connected described first arm of force and described second arm of force.
In fastening system of the present invention, compressing assembly coordinates fastened object to oppress described fastening assembly generation prestressing force together, fastened object becomes the prestressed main control element of generation, what fastening assembly was selected is elastomeric material, it under external force, namely material internal forms stable prestressing force and stores, and with fastened object, oppress the fastening system forming stable prestressing force and prestressing force feature together with assembly, its beneficial effect includes but not limited to:
1., when described in, prestressed structure is subject to ectocine, the cushioning effect of its sensitiveness is also quite obvious.Such as, when fastened object or miscellaneous part are subject to ambient temperature effect suddenly, when producing the internal stress of skewness due to the thermal shock resistance properties difference of material itself; In installation process and in use procedure, when producing the internal stress of skewness due to the external force collision that may be subject to; Because of designing requirement, when fastened object is installed many group fastening systems, also may there is stress concentration of local in its inside.Now whole prestressing force module can regulate corresponding prestressing force size by the deformation size of elastomeric material; with this, contingent unbalanced internal stress is cushioned, thus play the protective effect to main control element and even whole prestressed structure well.
2. after accurate adjustment is carried out to the installation site of fastened object, implement in finally fastening process, fastened object and even fastening assembly itself do not move substantially, but rotated by the nut in compressing assembly or bolt, compressing fastening assembly produces deformation and implements fastening to fastened object.Avoid the generation of fastened object internal stress so undoubtedly, maintain the stable of prestressed structure.This type of fastening means generally adopted at present is directly fastening by means such as five metals mostly, and in process, main control element all can produce certain displacement without exception, and a large inducement of this to be fastened object produce unbalanced internal stress.
3. the present invention is in whole prestressed implementation process, all can not produce, due to fastening, irregular compressing and surface deformation be caused to fastened object, avoid the flatness error due to the flatness error of fastened object self, mounting platform flatness error, workpiece self, and the workpiece displacement that produces of above-mentioned fastener cycle etc. factor, and change the internal stress of the existing planeness of fastened object and self equilibrium, cause main control element distortion to produce destructive unbalanced internal stress, greatly strengthen the safety of main control element and the ability of opposing external force.Especially when easy crisp objects such as fastening glass, pottery, stone materials, because fragile material produces plastic strain hardly, and easily make internal stress concentration of local, the thermal impact such as resistance to shock heating, quenching and mechanical shock performance poor, the advantage of prestressed structure stability of the present invention and compatible buffering will be embodied fully.
4. in addition, the present invention is in whole prestressed implementation process, all oppress upper pressure block and downforce block by fastening nut and then make fastening assembly produce prestressing force, when concrete operations, by the design to the raw-material selection of each assembly and geometry in the design module in early stage, nut screwing clamping only need put in place the fastening force that can obtain presetting by later stage workman, need not be subject to the impact of the uncertain factors such as operating force, greatly reduces operating condition and technical requirements.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the design principle figure of fastening system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that the stable prestressed structure of fastening system of the present invention dynamically generates schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the fastening system decomposing state structural representation of the present invention first preferred embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the fastening system assembled state structural representation of the present invention first preferred embodiment;
Fig. 5 is fastening assembly schematic perspective view in Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is the floor map of fastening assembly in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the arc-shaped deformation district compressive deformation schematic diagram of fastening assembly in Fig. 5;
Fig. 8 is the schematic perspective view of downforce block in Fig. 3;
Fig. 9 is the floor map of downforce block in Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the non-tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention first preferred embodiment;
Figure 11 is the preliminary tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention first preferred embodiment;
Figure 12 is the complete tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention first preferred embodiment;
Figure 13 is the fastening system fastener cycle principle schematic of the present invention first preferred embodiment;
Figure 14 is the fastening system decomposing state structural representation of the present invention second preferred embodiment;
Figure 15 is the fastening system assembled state structural representation of the present invention second preferred embodiment;
Figure 16 is the schematic perspective view of downforce block in Figure 14;
Figure 17 is the floor map of bolt in Figure 14;
Figure 18 is the non-tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention second preferred embodiment;
Figure 19 is the preliminary tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention second preferred embodiment;
Figure 20 is the complete tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention second preferred embodiment;
Figure 21 is the fastening system decomposing state structural representation of the present invention the 3rd preferred embodiment;
Figure 22 is the fastening system assembled state structural representation of the present invention the 3rd preferred embodiment;
Figure 23 is the schematic perspective view of downforce block in Figure 21;
Figure 24 is the non-tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention the 3rd preferred embodiment;
Figure 25 is the preliminary tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention the 3rd preferred embodiment;
Figure 26 is the complete tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention the 3rd preferred embodiment;
Figure 27 is the fastening system decomposing state structural representation of the present invention the 4th preferred embodiment;
Figure 28 is the fastening system assembled state structural representation of the present invention the 4th preferred embodiment;
Figure 29 is the schematic perspective view of upper pressure assembly in Figure 27;
Figure 30 is the schematic perspective view of the first wedge type block in Figure 27;
Figure 31 is the schematic perspective view of the second wedge type block in Figure 27;
Figure 32 is the schematic perspective view of pushnut in Figure 27;
Figure 33 is the schematic perspective view of push bolt in Figure 27;
Figure 34 is the non-tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention the 4th preferred embodiment;
Figure 35 is the preliminary tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention the 4th preferred embodiment;
Figure 36 is the complete tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention the 4th preferred embodiment;
Figure 37 is the fastening system decomposing state structural representation of the present invention the 5th preferred embodiment;
Figure 38 is the fastening system assembled state structural representation of the present invention the 5th preferred embodiment;
Figure 39 is the schematic perspective view of upper pressure block in Figure 37;
Figure 40 is the floor map of upper pressure block in Figure 37;
Figure 41 is the schematic perspective view of downforce block in Figure 37;
Figure 42 is the floor map of downforce block in Figure 37;
Figure 43 is the non-tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention the 5th preferred embodiment;
Figure 44 is the preliminary tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention the 5th preferred embodiment;
Figure 45 is the complete tightening state schematic diagram of fastening system of the present invention the 5th preferred embodiment;
Figure 46 ~ 49 are the various alternate embodiment structural representation of fastening assembly;
Figure 50 rotates positioning edge and the alternate embodiment structural representation rotating locating slot;
Figure 51 ~ 53 are the various alternate embodiment structural representations of pressing plate;
Figure 54 ~ 56 are the various alternate embodiment structural representations of the fastened object of different pressure plate structure in corresponding Figure 51 ~ 53.
Figure 57 is the structural representation of split type fastening assembly.
Figure 58 carries out to fastened object 3 the fastening structure schematic diagram that has gradient.
Figure 59 is another better embodiment structural representation of upper pressure block.
Detailed description of the invention
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows: dynamically to generate fastening system and the application thereof of stable prestressed structure, comprise the steps (see figure 1):
Step 1, for fastened object, carry out detection and the collection of the physical property of system, this detection module mainly comprises intensity, anti-tensile degree, anti-folding degree, frangible degree, density, the heat stability of fastened object, and volume, weight and other geometric properties etc.
Step 2, the fastening installation carrier of fastened object is carried out to the force structure analysis of system, this analysis module mainly comprise fastening installation carrier material structure, use structure and the existing object of periphery etc. to carry out network analysis.
Step 3, step 1 and 2 basis on, the fastening system scheme of design object: fastened object and elastomeric material are in the formation of the stable prestressed structure of one and control program.This fastening system mainly comprises the setting of fastening installation site, the choosing of the elastomeric material of fastening assembly, the design of lead-through of elastomeric material compressive stress, elastomeric material and object in the design scheme of the stable prestressed structure of one, the choosing or making of the auxiliary material of fastened object.Elastomeric material is called fastening assembly, the external force lead-through of compressive stress is called compressing assembly, fastened object is called main control element, the auxiliary controls (being generally the material that flexibility is higher) of fastened object is called auxiliary controls (pad 2171 mentioned in following civilian specific embodiment), under masterpiece appliance cannot directly act on fastening assembly situation outside, the power needing design external force to be produced by External Force Acting part is transitioned into the stress check calculation part of fastening assembly, be called auxiliary pressuring piece (platform 142 mentioned in following civilian specific embodiment), the fastening system of object oppresses assembly exactly, auxiliary pressuring piece (possibility), fastening assembly, main control element (fastened object), stable prestressed structure is formed between auxiliary controls (be generally in advance and fastening assembly be integrated), the design of this design module mainly this stable prestressed structure is (see Fig. 2: the stable prestressed structure of fastening system of the present invention dynamically generates schematic diagram, wherein for: compressive stress is introduced and is produced prestressing force process, for: main control element stiffness power restriction process).
Object fastening system scheme designed by step 4, step 3---the foundation of the stable prestressed structure of one and enforcement.This module mainly comprises in step 3 oppresses assembly, auxiliary pressuring piece (possibility), fastening assembly, main control element, the choosing or making of auxiliary controls, and the Dynamic Establishing structure of the program of enforcement, basic technology and prestressed structure.
Further, detection module in described step 1, the detection of the system of the physical property of fastened object and the step of collection comprise:
1.1 for the general physical properties of fastened object, uses the detecting instrument of comparative maturity on market just can obtain;
1.2, for the special physical property of fastened object, will use physical principle, and build corresponding Physical Experiment and detect targetedly;
Physical Experiment in 1.3 steps 1.2 is variant according to the difference of physical property, such as the heat stability test of object (as glass product).Thermophysical property is also known as resistance to thermal shocks, also claim the heat-resisting temperature difference etc., be that object bears dramatic temperature change and destroyed performance, resist the ability of the cold and hot sudden turn of events, when the fastening installation of object is in outdoor, this physical property of object just seems particular importance in fastening installation.Because when the heat conductivility of object is very low, owing to expanding with heat and contract with cold, in the process that temperature changes suddenly, produce internal stress pockety in object, if internal stress has exceeded its tensile strength, object has broken at once.Do not consider this type of physical function parameter, traditional fastening mounting means is by the destruction of boosting to object, and this is also the main cause that the fastening mounting means of current most of glass product can cause the perishable property of glass product and strengthens.
Further, in described step 2, the concrete steps of analysis module comprise:
2.1 fastening carrier site inspections;
Reconnoitring of the 2.2 existing objects of fastening position;
2.3 reconnoitre the mode of operation and standard of perfection system that use routine building industry;
Further, in described step 3, the concrete steps of fastening system design comprise:
3.1 according to step 1 and 2 parameter, designing and calculating object and elastomeric material in the formation of the stable prestressed structure of one dynamic changing process and control distribution of force, delineate the distribution map of the fastening mounting points of object;
3.2 choose elastomeric material, calculate its prestressing force theoretical elongation Lp
Lp=Pp×L/(E×A)
Pp=P×[1-e -(kx+μθ)]/(kx+μθ)
In formula: the length (mm) of L presstressed reinforcing steel
Section area (the mm of A presstressed reinforcing steel 2)
Modulus of elasticity (the N/mm of E presstressed reinforcing steel 2)
The average stretching force of Pp presstressed reinforcing steel (N)
The stretching force (N) of P tension of prestressed tendon end
X is from stretching end to the orifice throat length (m) of computing nodes
θ is from stretching end to the angle sum (rad) of computing nodes curve channel section tangent line
Every meter, k duct partial deviations are to the influence coefficient of friction
The friction factor of μ presstressed reinforcing steel and cell walls
3.3, according to the prestressing force elongation of 3.2 selected elastomeric materials, design and produce the compressing assembly with two-way function: the introducing of external force and built-in prestressed control, therefore oppress assembly and generally adopt threaded-structure;
The compressing assembly of 3.4 external force double thread type structures acts on step by step, by auxiliary pressuring piece, compressive stress is produced to fastening assembly, fastening assembly is under the effect of compressive stress, the process of the dynamic changing process of the scale of construction i.e. the continuous change of prestressing force elongation Lp, thus Step wise approximation is to main control body---fastened object.The threaded-structure of the stiffness structure of main control body and compressing assembly, under the stopping of external force, defines object and elastomeric material in the stable prestressed structure of one, thus realizes the fastening of object;
The physical nonlinearity feature of 3.5 elastomeric materials, namely the nonlinear characteristic in strain-stress relation, the fastening distance of the external force rotary distance and fastening assembly of oppressing assembly is made to become non-linear relation, any minor variations of non-linear relation all will cause the instability of prestressed structure, thus destroy the fastening effect of object.In the design scheme of fastening system of the present invention, in order to simple to operate, be generally designed to compressing assembly and rotate to bottom it, fastening assembly and main control element unite two into one under the flexibility of auxiliary controls, and shape all-in-one-piece stablizes prestressed structure.
The present invention uses fastening assembly and fastened object in the generation of the stable prestressed structure of one and the fastening effect controlling and reach object, strengthen the external force resistance strength structure of the object after fastening installation, compensate for the sensitiveness that the area, position caused installed by traditional five metals, solve the fastening of object, stressed, the function such as antitorque is limited by the difficult point of object and section geometric, reduce the requirement of dimensional errors and Angle ambiguity and the requirement of frame material and object precision controlling, improve the compliance of object mounting condition, the accidental destruction that may cause after having cut down object breakage, decrease the various main materials used in the fastening installation of object, change the function irreversibility that the fastening installation of object causes, the prestressed structure really having filled up elastomeric material tensile strength and rupture strength not high, the application in the fastening field of the solid articles that fragility is large is blank, the object fastening system of use elastomeric material provided by the invention, can carry out detecting, analyzing for various different solid articles, choose the corresponding fastening system of design (compressing assembly, auxiliary pressuring piece, fastening assembly, main control element), produced the prestressing force of elastomeric material in compressing assembly by External Force Acting, by the flexibility effect of main control element stiffness, auxiliary controls and the threaded-structure of compressing assembly, control stable prestressed structure, thus complete and reach the fastening effect of object.
The fastened object of following examples can be: aluminium horizontal open type, collapsible, top hung door/window; Aluminum alloy push-pull formula door/window; Frameless glass door folder/bar; Thick and heavy type safety/burglar-proof glazing door; Concealed frame glass curtain wall; Suspension type curtain wall/partition---Glass hanging part; Automobile door pane etc.
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Consult shown in Fig. 3,4, in the first preferred embodiment of the present invention, fastening system mainly comprises compressing assembly 1, fastening assembly 2 and a fastened object 3, now do in this embodiment to give a definition for ease of describing: using the elongated bearing of trend of fastened object 3 as X-direction, using the thickness direction of fastened object 3 as Y direction, using the short transverse of fastened object 3 as Z-direction, and X-axis is perpendicular to described Y-axis, the plane that Z axis is formed perpendicular to X-axis and Y-axis; Wherein:
Coordinate shown in Fig. 5,6, fastening assembly 2 comprises two symmetric clamp in the bow-shaped arm 21 of described fastened object 3 both sides, and its material should be selected has suitable intensity, has the material of certain elasticity and toughness concurrently, as metal, engineering plastics, macromolecular material etc. simultaneously; This bow-shaped arm 21 comprises one first arm of force 211 is connected first arm of force 211 second arm of force 212 with one, between first arm of force 211 and second arm of force 212, sandwiched forms an enclosed space 22, wherein the junction of first arm of force 211 and second arm of force 212 forms a sliding-end 213, and this sliding-end 213 one-tenth arc surface or inclined-plane can be less at the resistance ensureing to produce in slipping; First arm of force 211 forms one by pressure side 214 in the side away from second arm of force 212, should extend to form downwards a rotation positioning edge 216 by pressure side 214; Second arm of force 212 forms a fastening end 215 in the side away from first arm of force 211, fastening end 215 is combined with a pressing plate 217, the plate face of pressing plate 217 is covered with pad 2171, the formation one press plate position the regulatory region 2172 and join domain of pressing plate 217 and second arm of force 212 caves inward, the small self-position of pressing plate 217 can be realized by this press plate position regulatory region 2172 in fastener cycle to regulate, more entirely attach fastened object 3 to make it; First arm of force 211 is a short straight-arm in the present embodiment, second arm of force 212 is an arched arm, and the thickness of second arm of force 211 forms a gradual change from thick to thin from described sliding-end 213 to fastening end 215, this kind of structure can ensure that whole arched arm fully and homogeneous deformation, not frangibility; Further; according to the needs of actual installation; two bow-shaped arms 21 are set to split type; also can connect by arranging an arc-shaped deformation district 218 by between pressure side 214 two as shown in this embodiment; as shown in Figure 7; when first arm of force by pressure side 214 pressurized time, arc-shaped deformation district 218 is forced into as linear pattern from arc, and the design of arcuate structure ensure that it has certain extension space; The regions that fastening assembly 2 be combined with each other in two by pressure side 214 and arc-shaped deformation district 218 are run through along Z-direction and are provided with a through hole 219.
Coordinate shown in Fig. 8,9, compressing assembly 1 to comprise on one pressure block 11 and once pressure block 12, the upper surface middle part of downforce block 12 is installed with a bolt 121 along Z-direction, upper pressure block 11 coordinates this bolt 121 to offer a grooved hole 111, the long axis Y direction in this grooved hole 111 is arranged, and the position being convenient to bolt 121 can adjust along Y direction when mounted; Further, the upper surface middle part of downforce block 12 coordinates along X-direction and rotates positioning edge 216 and be provided with two elongated rotation locating slots 122, the radius of this rotation locating slot 122 equals or slightly larger than the radius of above-mentioned rotation positioning edge 216, like this when whole fastening system be in respectively prefastened with tightening state time, rotate positioning edge 216 can effectively rotate locating slot 122 inner position and rotate, two sliding-ends 213 just can at the soffit of upper pressure block 11 only along Y direction displacement.
Coordinate shown in Figure 10 ~ 12, during fastening system assembling of the present invention, upper pressure block 11 is placed in the upside of first arm of force 211, two sliding-ends 213 of bow-shaped arm 21 are resisted against the soffit of pressure block 11, downforce block 12 is placed in the downside of first arm of force 211, two of bow-shaped arm 21 is subject to pressure side 214 to be resisted against the upper surface of downforce block 12, and makes bolt 121 run through through hole 219 and grooved hole 111 respectively, thus assembling compressing assembly 1 and fastening assembly 2, then the upper end 31 of fastened object 3 is stretched in enclosed space 22 between two pressing plates 217, fastened object 3 carries out the position adjustment of X-direction Z-direction by this enclosed space 22, after adjusting to the right place in the X-direction Z-direction position of fastened object 3, 121 are tighted a bolt by a nut 123, along the fastening upper pressure block 11 of Z-direction and downforce block 12, when two second arm of forces 212 form certain chucking power to fastened object 3, suspend fastening nut 123, adjusted the position of fastened object 3 along Y direction by grooved hole 111, after adjusting to the right place in the Y direction position of fastened object 3, continue fastening nut 123 fastening to completing.Figure 13 is coordinated to further illustrate the operating principle of whole fastener cycle below, two of bow-shaped arm is subject to pressure side 214 under the contention effect of downforce block 12 along Z-direction to top offset, ensure that and in moving process, X does not occur by pressure side 214 by rotating coordinating of positioning edge 216 and rotation locating slot 122, skew in Y direction, two bow-shaped arms are controlled (constant) by distance between pressure side 214 in fastener cycle, simultaneously two sliding-ends 213 soffit that is resisted against pressure block 11 along Y direction occur mutually away from displacement, and there is displacement close to each other along Y direction until be resisted against the side of fastened object 3 in two fastening ends 215, distance between the pressing plate 217 of therefore two fastening ends 215 is also controlled, its restraint location point on fastened object 3 is also controlled, two are oppressed by pressure side 214 along Z-direction to top offset further by downforce block 12, and then order about two sliding-ends 213 along Y direction continue away from, and the side that two fastening ends 215 are now subject to being resisted against fastened object 3 is also subject to spacing thus, there is deformation thus and generate prestressing force in first arm of force 211 and second arm of force 212, the fastening system so far with stable prestressed structure reaches tightening state, and fastened object 3 obtains fastening.Same; when prestressing force needs to remove; as long as bolt 121 is unclamped; non-tightening state before the deformation of bow-shaped arm 21 can return to; now prestressing force disappears automatically; the parts of whole fastening system module are all reversible, loss-free and again reusable, have not only saved cost, also very environmental protection simultaneously.
Consult shown in Figure 14 ~ 20, as the second preferred embodiment of the present invention, its structure is roughly identical with above-mentioned first embodiment, difference is to be provided with independently bolt 121 ', and coordinate this bolt 121 to offer a screw 124 at downforce block 12 accordingly, by coordinating of bolt 121 ' and screw 124, the fastening system that the oppressive force of Z-direction and then generation have stable prestressed structure is applied to upper pressure block 11 and downforce block 12.
Consult shown in Figure 21 ~ 26, as the 3rd preferred embodiment of the present invention, its structure is roughly with above-mentioned first, two embodiments are identical, difference is: the two ends of upper pressure block 11 offer a grooved hole 111 ' respectively, the two ends corresponding groove nibs 111 ' of downforce block 12 offers through hole 124 ' respectively, and two independently bolts 121 are set ", by two bolts 121 " run through grooved hole 111 ' respectively with through hole 124 ' and attaching nut 123 ' applies the oppressive force of Z-direction to upper pressure block 11 and downforce block 12, two bolts 121 in this embodiment " do not run through fastening assembly 2, but be folded in the two ends of fastening assembly 2, for preventing nut 123 ' overtighten and causing the fracture of downforce block 12, at the two ends of downforce block 12, limited block 125 is set respectively, the thickness of this limited block 125 is equal to or slightly less than the thickness of first arm of force 211.
Consult shown in Figure 27 ~ 33, as the 4th preferred embodiment of the present invention, the structure of its fastening assembly 2 is identical with first, second and third embodiment above-mentioned, therefore repeats no more, in the 4th preferred embodiment, compressing assembly 1 to comprise on one pressure assembly 13 and once pressure block 12, upper pressure assembly 13 is primarily of a casing 131, one first wedge type block 132, one second wedge type block 133, one push bolt 134 and a pushnut 135 form, wherein: casing 131 comprises a top board 1311, one base plate 1312 and biside plate 1313, casing 131 inner hollow is formed with a slipping space 1314, the top board 1311 of casing 131 offers one first through hole 13111, the base plate 1312 of casing 131 offers one second through hole 13121, one block of side plate 1313 of casing 131 offers a third through-hole 13131, in the inner side of this third through-hole 13131, pushnut 135 is set, first wedge type block 132 is arranged in top board 1311 by the first through hole 13111, and the first wedge type block 132 bottom surface forms one first inclined-plane 1321, and the bottom surface of the first wedge type block 132 is formed with a screw 1322 along Z-direction, second wedge type block 133 is slidedly arranged in slipping space 1314, and the end face of the second wedge type block 133 coordinates the first inclined-plane 1321 to be formed with one second inclined-plane 1331, is formed with one to run through the second wedge type block 133 from top to bottom elongated slot 1332 along Z-direction along the second inclined-plane 1331, the side of the second wedge type block 133 forms an advancement holes 1333, push bolt 134 plugs in advancement holes 1333 through third through-hole 13131, pushnut 135 successively, the upper surface middle part of downforce block 12 is installed with a bolt 121 along Z-direction, first through hole 13111 and the second through hole 13121 are grooved hole, and the long axis Y direction in this grooved hole is arranged, and are convenient to the first wedge type block 132 and can adjust along Y direction when mounted with the position of bolt 121.Further, the upper surface middle part of downforce block 12 coordinates along X-direction and rotates positioning edge 216 and be provided with two elongated rotation locating slots 122, the radius of this rotation locating slot 122 equals or slightly larger than the radius of above-mentioned rotation positioning edge 216, like this when whole fastening system be in respectively prefastened with tightening state time, rotate positioning edge 216 can effectively rotation locating slot 122 inner position with and rotate, two sliding-ends 213 just understand soffit at upper pressure block 11 only along Y direction displacement.
Coordinate shown in Figure 34 ~ 36, when the fastening system of the 4th preferred embodiment assembles, casing 131 is placed in the upside of first arm of force 211, two sliding-ends 213 of bow-shaped arm 21 are resisted against the soffit of casing 131 base plate 1312, downforce block 12 is placed in the downside of first arm of force 211, two of bow-shaped arm 21 is subject to pressure side 214 to be resisted against the upper surface of downforce block 12, first wedge type block 132 is arranged in the first through hole 13111, the position adjusting the second wedge type block 133 in slipping space 1314 make the first inclined-plane 1321 and the second inclined-plane 1331 mutually against, and the first through hole 13111, elongated slot 1332 and the second through hole 13121 coaxial, bolt 121 is made to run through through hole 219, first through hole 13111, elongated slot 1332 and the second through hole 13121, and coordinate the screw 1322 of the first wedge type block 132 that downforce block 12 is anchored on the first wedge type block 132, then the upper end 31 of fastened object 3 is stretched in enclosed space 22 between two pressing plates 217, fastened object 3 carries out the position adjustment of X-direction Z-direction by this enclosed space 22, after adjusting to the right place in the X-direction Z-direction position of fastened object 3, tightening push bolt 134 drives the second wedge type block 133 to push against described first wedge type block 132 along Z-direction to top offset, and then fastening upper pressure assembly 13 and downforce block 12, when two second arm of forces 212 form certain chucking power to fastened object 3, suspend and tighten push bolt 134, the position of fastened object 3 is adjusted along Y direction by the first through hole 13111 and the second through hole 13121, after adjusting to the right place in the Y direction position of fastened object 3, continue to tighten push bolt 134 fastening to completing.
Consult shown in Figure 37 ~ 42, as the 5th preferred embodiment of the present invention, the structure of its fastening assembly 2 is identical with first, second, third and fourth embodiment above-mentioned, therefore repeats no more; In the 5th preferred embodiment, compressing assembly 1 to comprise on one pressure block 14 and once pressure block 15, first side of upper pressure block 14 offers two the first through holes 141, the downward platform 142 stretching out two groups of symmetries of second side direction of upper pressure block 14, corresponding first through hole 141 in first side of downforce block 15 extends the arm of force 151 of two groups of symmetries, on the arm of force 151, corresponding described first through hole 141 offers the second through hole 1511, this second through hole 1511 is grooved hole, and the long axis Y direction in this grooved hole is arranged.The end of the arm of force 151 upwards extends to form a limited block 1512, and the thickness of this limited block 1512 is equal to or slightly less than the thickness of first arm of force 211, and the corresponding platform 142 in the second side of downforce block 15 extends to form the fulcrum 152 of two groups of symmetries downwards; Further, the upper surface middle part of downforce block 15 coordinates along X-direction and rotates positioning edge 216 and be provided with two elongated rotation locating slots 153, the radius of this rotation locating slot 153 equals or slightly larger than the radius of above-mentioned rotation positioning edge 216, like this when whole fastening system be in respectively prefastened with tightening state time, rotate positioning edge 216 can effectively rotation locating slot 153 inner position with and rotate, two sliding-ends 213 just understand soffit at upper pressure block 11 only along Y direction displacement.
Coordinate shown in Figure 43 ~ 45, when the fastening system of the 5th preferred embodiment assembles, upper pressure block 14 is arranged at the upside of first arm of force 211, two sliding-ends 213 of bow-shaped arm 21 are resisted against the soffit of pressure block 14, downforce block 15 is placed in the downside of first arm of force 211, two of bow-shaped arm 21 is subject to pressure side 214 to be resisted against the upper surface of downforce block 15, the fulcrum 152 of downforce block 15 is set up on the platform 142 of pressure block 14, two bow-shaped arms 21 pass between two of downforce block 15 groups of arm of forces 151 and two groups of fulcrums 152 respectively, the pressing plate 217 of two fastening ends 215 is resisted against the side of fastened object 3, by two bolts 16 through the first through hole 141 with the second through hole 1511 and attaching nut 17 tighten, assembling compressing assembly 1 and fastening assembly 2 thus, then the upper end 31 of fastened object 3 is stretched in enclosed space 22 between two pressing plates 217, fastened object 3 carries out the position adjustment of X-direction Z-direction by this enclosed space 22, after adjusting to the right place in the X-direction Z-direction position of fastened object 3, further fastening nut 17 is along the fastening upper pressure block 14 of Z-direction and downforce block 15, when two second arm of forces 212 form certain chucking power to fastened object 3, suspend fastening nut 17, adjusted the position of fastened object 3 along Y direction by the second through hole 1511, after adjusting to the right place in the Y direction position of fastened object 3, continue fastening nut 17 fastening to completing.
As shown in figure 46, the length of fastening assembly 2 also can lengthen along X-direction, and the through hole 219 of same fastening assembly 2 also can be arranged along the X-direction array that keeps at a certain distance away.Two symmetrical bow-shaped arms 21 can not be connected by arc-shaped deformation district 218 and arrange separately as Figure 47; The surface of bow-shaped arm 21 can arrange through hole, so as to install thereon other decoration or functor as Figure 48.The cross section of fastening assembly 2 and profile also can change to some extent, as shown in figure 49, at bow-shaped arm surface coverage decorative shell.Accordingly, the structure of compressing assembly 1 also can change according to the respective change of fastening assembly 2 respectively: as shown in figure 50, the cross section of the rotation positioning edge 216 of fastening assembly 2 also can be set to V-type, like this, rotation locating slot 122 corresponding thereto also must be set to V-type groove simultaneously, and the angle of this V-type groove should be greater than the section angle rotating positioning edge 216.
As shown in Figure 51 ~ 53, can there be multiple processing mode on the surface of fastening assembly 2 pressing plate 217, according to designing requirement, can be set to corresponding to fastened object 3 different surface treatment mode: smooth, frosted, salient point, concave point, strip projected parts, strip groove, zigzag, viscose face etc., pressing plate FX or the pad 2171 of fastened object 3 then can be designed to the respective surfaces shown in Figure 54 ~ 56.Further, first arm of force 211 of fastening assembly 2 and second arm of force 212 can be integrated, also can be set to split type as shown in Figure 57, now first arm of force 211 and second arm of force 212 are combined by the syndeton 210 cooperatively interacted and form bow-shaped arm, as a kind of better embodiment of the present invention, first arm of force 211 near the side of second arm of force 212 to downward-extension go forward side by side one step fold inward formed one first holding section 2111, second arm of force 212 turns down the second holding section 2112 of adaptive described first holding section 2111 of formation one obliquely near the side of first arm of force 211, mutually to be engaged with the second holding section 2112 by the first holding section 2111 and then be connected described first arm of force 211 and described second arm of force 212, when for time fastening: syndeton 210 forms a rigidity and draws a little 2113 in enclosed space 22 inside, a rigid support 2114 is formed in enclosed space 23 outside.
Fastened object 3 can be glass, stone material, pottery etc., and it is in different applications, also can be other harness such as junction plate, connecting rod, connection handle according to designing requirement.
In aforesaid each embodiment, fastened object 3 is all by perpendicular fastener, consult shown in Figure 58, by carrying out simple structural adjustment to second arm of force 212 of fastening assembly 2 and pressing plate 217, can realize that one is carried out to fastened object 3 equally and there is the fastening of gradient.
Consult again shown in Figure 59, upper pressure block 11(14) can be formed by stacking by multiple block or lamellar body, namely go up pressure block 11(14) and first arm of force 211 between can hold other functors 112; Equally, in the 4th preferred embodiment, the casing 131 of upper pressure assembly 13 also can carry out as required superposing and be out of shape.
Below embodiment is to invention has been detailed description by reference to the accompanying drawings, and those skilled in the art can make many variations example to the present invention according to the above description.Thus, some details in embodiment should not form limitation of the invention, the present invention by the scope that defines using appended claims as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (17)

1. a fastening system, is characterized in that described fastening system comprises a compressing assembly, a fastening assembly and a fastened object, and described compressing assembly coordinates fastened object to oppress described fastening assembly generation prestressing force and then fastening described fastened object, described fastening assembly comprises two symmetric clamp in the bow-shaped arm of described fastened object both sides, between two bow-shaped arms, sandwiched forms an enclosed space, described bow-shaped arm comprises one first arm of force is connected described first arm of force second arm of force with one, the junction of described first arm of force and described second arm of force forms a sliding-end, described first arm of force forms one by pressure side in the side away from described second arm of force, described second arm of force forms a fastening end in the side away from described first arm of force, the pressurized termination of described first arm of force by described compressing assembly compressing and coordinate described fastened object to order about described first arm of force and second arm of force generates prestressing force.
2. fastening system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described compressing assembly to comprise on one pressure block and once pressure block, described upper pressure block is arranged at the upside of described first arm of force, and two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against the soffit of described upper pressure block; Described downforce block is arranged at the downside of described first arm of force, and two of described bow-shaped arm to be resisted against the upper surface of described downforce block by pressure side, two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against described fastened object two sides;
Fastening described upper pressure block and described downforce block, described downforce block is oppressed two of described bow-shaped arm and is subject to pressure side to described upper pressure block direction displacement, two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm in the soffit of described upper pressure block occur mutually away from displacement, two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are subject to the spacing of described fastened object, thus order about described first arm of force and described second arm of force generates the fastening described fastened object of prestressing force.
3. fastening system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that being fastened by bolts described upper pressure block and described downforce block, described upper pressure block offers a slotted hole for described bolt-through, and described bolt carries out position adjustment by described slotted hole along a first direction; The position that described fastened object carries out a second direction and a third direction by described enclosed space adjusts.
4. fastening system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described compressing assembly to comprise on one pressure assembly and once pressure block, described upper pressure assembly comprises: a casing, described casing is arranged at the upside of described first arm of force, and two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against the soffit of described casing; Described box house hollow is formed with a slipping space, and described roof box offers one first through hole, and described box bottom offers one second through hole; One first wedge type block, is arranged in described top board by described first through hole, and described first wedge type block bottom surface forms one first inclined-plane, and described first wedge type block bottom surface is formed with a screw; And one second wedge type block, be slidedly arranged in described slipping space, the end face of described second wedge type block coordinates described first inclined-plane to be formed with one second inclined-plane, described second inclined-plane is formed with the elongated slot that runs through described second wedge type block from top to bottom, and the side of described second wedge type block is combined with a push bolt;
Described downforce block is arranged at the downside of described first arm of force, and two of described bow-shaped arm to be resisted against the upper surface of described downforce block by pressure side, two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against described fastened object two sides;
By the second through hole described in bolt-through and described elongated slot, and coordinate the screw of described first wedge type block that described downforce block is anchored on described first wedge type block, push bolt drives described first wedge type block of described second wedge type block pushing and pressing to top offset, and then oppress described bow-shaped arm two by pressure side to described box bottom direction displacement, two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm in the soffit of described box bottom occur mutually away from displacement, two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are subject to the spacing of described fastened object, thus order about described first arm of force and described second arm of force generates the fastening described fastened object of prestressing force.
5. fastening system as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that described first through hole and described second through hole are grooved hole, described bolt carries out position adjustment by described slotted hole along a first direction; The position that described fastened object carries out a second direction and a third direction by described enclosed space adjusts.
6. fastening system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described compressing assembly to comprise on one pressure block and once pressure block, first side of described upper pressure block offers the first through hole, the downward platform stretching out two groups of symmetries of second side direction of described upper pressure block, corresponding described first through hole in first side of described downforce block extends the arm of force of two groups of symmetries, on the described arm of force, corresponding described first through hole offers the second through hole, and the end of the described arm of force upwards extends to form a limited block, the corresponding described platform in second side of described downforce block is formed with the fulcrum of two groups of symmetries, described upper pressure block is arranged at the upside of described first arm of force, two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against the soffit of described upper pressure block, described downforce block is arranged at the downside of described first arm of force, two of described bow-shaped arm to be resisted against the upper surface of described downforce block by pressure side, described two bow-shaped arms pass between two groups of arm of forces of described downforce block and two groups of fulcrums respectively, and two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are resisted against described fastened object two sides, described fulcrum is set up on described platform,
By the first through hole described in bolt-through and the fastening described upper pressure block of the second through hole and described downforce block, oppressing two of described bow-shaped arm is subject to pressure side to described upper pressure block direction displacement, two sliding-ends of described bow-shaped arm in the soffit of described upper pressure block occur mutually away from displacement, two fastening ends of described bow-shaped arm are subject to the spacing of described fastened object, thus order about described first arm of force and described second arm of force generates the fastening described fastened object of prestressing force.
7. fastening system as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that described second through hole is a grooved hole, described bolt carries out position adjustment by described slotted hole along a first direction; The position that described fastened object carries out a second direction and a third direction by described enclosed space adjusts.
8. the fastening system according to any one of claim 2 ~ 7, what it is characterized in that described bow-shaped arm has extended to form a rotation positioning edge downwards by pressure side, and the corresponding described rotation positioning edge of described downforce block is formed with rotation locating slot.
9. the fastening system according to any one of claim 1 ~ 7, is characterized in that being connected by an arc-shaped deformation district by between pressure side of described bow-shaped arm.
10. the fastening system according to any one of claim 1 ~ 7, is characterized in that the fastening end of described bow-shaped arm is provided with a pressing plate, the formation one press plate position regulatory region and the join domain of described pressing plate and described second arm of force caves inward.
11. fastening systems according to any one of claim 1 ~ 7, is characterized in that the sliding-end of described bow-shaped arm becomes arc surface or inclined-plane.
12. fastening systems according to any one of claim 1 ~ 7, is characterized in that the thickness of described second arm of force forms a gradual change from thick to thin from described sliding-end to described fastening end.
13. fastening systems according to any one of claim 1 ~ 7, it is characterized in that described first arm of force and second arm of force are combined by the syndeton cooperatively interacted and form described bow-shaped arm, when for time fastening: described syndeton forms a rigidity in described enclosed space inside and draws a little, forms a rigid support in described enclosed space outside.
14. fastening systems as claimed in claim 13, it is characterized in that described first arm of force near the side of described second arm of force to downward-extension go forward side by side one step fold inward formed one first holding section, described second arm of force turns down the second holding section of adaptive described first holding section of formation one obliquely near the side of described first arm of force, described first holding section mutually engages with described second holding section and then is connected described first arm of force and described second arm of force.
15. fastening systems as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that designing the shape of described compressing assembly and fastening assembly, structure and material based on the fastening fastness needed for fastened object.
16. fastening systems as described in claim 2 or 6, be is characterized in that described upper pressure block is an independent block, or are formed by stacking by multiple block.
17. fastening systems as claimed in claim 4, be is characterized in that described casing is an independent casing, or are formed by stacking by multiple casing or block.
CN201210310585.8A 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Fastening system CN103243813B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210310585.8A CN103243813B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Fastening system

Applications Claiming Priority (21)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510676665.9A CN105401730B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of box-type oppresses the sliding driving structure of component
CN201510677476.3A CN105317228A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 lateral stressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510677525.3A CN105317142A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Prestress fastening method
CN201510676663.XA CN105317226A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Method of generating prestress through lever stressing assembly
CN201510677402.XA CN105369939A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Split type prestress arm structure for fastening system
CN201510677522.XA CN105386549B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of prestressing force fastening assembly with decorative outer frame
CN201510676125.0A CN105386542B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of prestressing force pressure plate structure for fastening system
CN201510677442.4A CN105386544A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Fastening and positioning structure for fastening system
CN201510677459.XA CN105386546B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of position adjustment structure for fastening system
CN201510676708.3A CN105386543B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of prestressing force fastening assembly
CN201510676174.4A CN105317224A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Method of generating prestress through lateral stressing assembly
CN201510676662.5A CN105317225A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 limiting structure of lateral stressing assembly
CN201510676664.4A CN105370044A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Lever type pressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510677496.0A CN105317229A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Limiting structure of lever stressing assembly
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CN201510677498.XA CN105386603B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Box type compressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510677500.3A CN105386547A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Compressing assembly for fastening system
CN201210310585.8A CN103243813B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Fastening system
CN201510676707.9A CN105317227A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Method of generating prestress through box stressing assembly
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CN201510677507.5A CN105386548B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of compressing component for fastening system

Related Child Applications (20)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510676664.4A Division CN105370044A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Lever type pressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510676707.9A Division CN105317227A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Method of generating prestress through box stressing assembly
CN201510677525.3A Division CN105317142A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Prestress fastening method
CN201510677438.8A Division CN105370045A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Prestress arm connection structure for fastening system
CN201510677498.XA Division CN105386603B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Box type compressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510677507.5A Division CN105386548B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of compressing component for fastening system
CN201510677500.3A Division CN105386547A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Compressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510677476.3A Division CN105317228A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 lateral stressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510676663.XA Division CN105317226A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Method of generating prestress through lever stressing assembly
CN201510676662.5A Division CN105317225A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 limiting structure of lateral stressing assembly
CN201510677456.6A Division CN105386545B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of prestressing force arm configuration for fastening system
CN201510676125.0A Division CN105386542B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of prestressing force pressure plate structure for fastening system
CN201510677442.4A Division CN105386544A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Fastening and positioning structure for fastening system
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CN201510677402.XA Division CN105369939A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Split type prestress arm structure for fastening system
CN201510677522.XA Division CN105386549B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of prestressing force fastening assembly with decorative outer frame
CN201510676174.4A Division CN105317224A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Method of generating prestress through lateral stressing assembly
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CN201510677496.0A Division CN105317229A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Limiting structure of lever stressing assembly

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CN103243813B true CN103243813B (en) 2016-02-03

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CN201510677522.XA CN105386549B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of prestressing force fastening assembly with decorative outer frame
CN201510676707.9A CN105317227A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Method of generating prestress through box stressing assembly
CN201510676708.3A CN105386543B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of prestressing force fastening assembly
CN201510676664.4A CN105370044A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Lever type pressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510676665.9A CN105401730B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of box-type oppresses the sliding driving structure of component
CN201510676125.0A CN105386542B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of prestressing force pressure plate structure for fastening system
CN201510676663.XA CN105317226A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Method of generating prestress through lever stressing assembly
CN201510677476.3A CN105317228A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 lateral stressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510677442.4A CN105386544A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Fastening and positioning structure for fastening system
CN201510677496.0A CN105317229A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Limiting structure of lever stressing assembly
CN201510677500.3A CN105386547A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Compressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510677402.XA CN105369939A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Split type prestress arm structure for fastening system
CN201510677507.5A CN105386548B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of compressing component for fastening system
CN201210310585.8A CN103243813B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Fastening system
CN201510676174.4A CN105317224A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Method of generating prestress through lateral stressing assembly
CN201510676662.5A CN105317225A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 limiting structure of lateral stressing assembly
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CN201510677525.3A CN105317142A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Prestress fastening method
CN201510677498.XA CN105386603B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Box type compressing assembly for fastening system
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CN201510677438.8A CN105370045A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Prestress arm connection structure for fastening system

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CN201510677522.XA CN105386549B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of prestressing force fastening assembly with decorative outer frame
CN201510676707.9A CN105317227A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Method of generating prestress through box stressing assembly
CN201510676708.3A CN105386543B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of prestressing force fastening assembly
CN201510676664.4A CN105370044A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Lever type pressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510676665.9A CN105401730B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of box-type oppresses the sliding driving structure of component
CN201510676125.0A CN105386542B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of prestressing force pressure plate structure for fastening system
CN201510676663.XA CN105317226A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Method of generating prestress through lever stressing assembly
CN201510677476.3A CN105317228A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 lateral stressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510677442.4A CN105386544A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Fastening and positioning structure for fastening system
CN201510677496.0A CN105317229A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Limiting structure of lever stressing assembly
CN201510677500.3A CN105386547A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Compressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510677402.XA CN105369939A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Split type prestress arm structure for fastening system
CN201510677507.5A CN105386548B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of compressing component for fastening system

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CN201510676662.5A CN105317225A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 limiting structure of lateral stressing assembly
CN201510677456.6A CN105386545B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of prestressing force arm configuration for fastening system
CN201510677525.3A CN105317142A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Prestress fastening method
CN201510677498.XA CN105386603B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Box type compressing assembly for fastening system
CN201510677459.XA CN105386546B (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 A kind of position adjustment structure for fastening system
CN201510677438.8A CN105370045A (en) 2012-08-28 2012-08-28 Prestress arm connection structure for fastening system

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CN105386545B (en) 2019-01-18
CN103243813A (en) 2013-08-14
CN105386603B (en) 2017-05-24
CN105386542B (en) 2017-09-05
CN105401730B (en) 2017-09-08
CN105401730A (en) 2016-03-16
CN105317225A (en) 2016-02-10
CN105386543A (en) 2016-03-09
CN105386549A (en) 2016-03-09
CN105317226A (en) 2016-02-10
CN105386549B (en) 2017-09-15
CN105386548B (en) 2017-09-05
CN105386543B (en) 2018-07-31
CN105386544A (en) 2016-03-09
CN105370045A (en) 2016-03-02
CN105317229A (en) 2016-02-10
CN105317224A (en) 2016-02-10
CN105386545A (en) 2016-03-09
CN105317142A (en) 2016-02-10
CN105317227A (en) 2016-02-10
CN105386547A (en) 2016-03-09
CN105370044A (en) 2016-03-02
CN105386542A (en) 2016-03-09
CN105386546A (en) 2016-03-09
CN105386546B (en) 2018-05-15
CN105386548A (en) 2016-03-09
CN105317228A (en) 2016-02-10
CN105386603A (en) 2016-03-09
CN105369939A (en) 2016-03-02

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