CN103206066A - Construction method of laminated suspension gypsum plaster board combinational suspended ceiling - Google Patents

Construction method of laminated suspension gypsum plaster board combinational suspended ceiling Download PDF

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CN103206066A
CN103206066A CN 201310165267 CN201310165267A CN103206066A CN 103206066 A CN103206066 A CN 103206066A CN 201310165267 CN201310165267 CN 201310165267 CN 201310165267 A CN201310165267 A CN 201310165267A CN 103206066 A CN103206066 A CN 103206066A
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keel
putty
coating
layer
self
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CN 201310165267
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Chinese (zh)
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秦国华
宁儒华
张雯
朱本志
刘桂霞
马政
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内蒙古兴泰建筑有限责任公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to a construction method of a laminated suspension gypsum plaster board combinational suspended ceiling. The method comprises the steps of (1) leveling and snapping lines; (2) installing a hanger rod and a main keel; (3) installing a side keel, a secondary keel and a cross-brace keel; (4) installing a first layer of gypsum plaster board; (5) squeegeeing, attaching a bandage, locally applying the putty, and painting an upper layer; (6) installing a second layer of gypsum plaster board; (7) carrying out dot grooming on the antirust paint; (8) squeegeeing, attaching the bandage and locally leveling the putty; (9) fully applying the putty for the first time; (10) fully applying the putty for the second time; (11) polishing; (12) painting a bottom layer; (13) painting a middle layer; and (14) painting a surface layer.

Description

—种叠级悬挂纸面石膏板组合吊顶的施工方法 - kind of construction method stacked stage suspended ceiling gypsum board assembly

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及建筑领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of construction.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着我国经济的快速发展及人民生活水平的进一步提高,高级建筑的市场需求越来越大,高档公寓楼、写字楼、星级酒店等层出不穷。 [0002] As further improve China's rapid economic development and people's living standards, market demand increasingly advanced buildings, high-end apartment buildings, office buildings, hotels and other stars abound. 此类建筑为了营造出更加舒适、更加人性化的工作、生活环境,装饰标准较高且内部使用功能齐全,最大限度地满足了人们对工作、生活环境及使用功能的更高要求。 Such construction in order to create a more comfortable, more humane working and living environment, high standard and decorative internal use functional and satisfy people's demand for higher working and living environment and use functions. 但对于高级建筑来说,各功能性区域严格的划分,为了满足环境功能的规范要求及最佳的视觉效果,设计师使用大量的叠级、多层面、多种材质组合、造型新颖的天花吊顶,使吊顶工程成为一项多元化、工艺复杂、重复作业面多、工作繁琐的分项工程。 But for the senior building, the strict division of each functional area, in order to meet regulatory requirements and environmental functions of the best visual effects designers use large amounts of stack-level, multi-level, multi-material combinations, innovative design ceiling the ceiling works to become a multifaceted, complex process, repeated work surface and more tedious work of sub-projects.

[0003] 轻钢龙骨纸面石膏板吊顶由于其成本低、易造型、环保、防火性能好,被广泛应用于建筑室内装饰吊顶工程中,各类大型工装天花造型复杂多变,设计都要符合其所对应空间的环境功能、音反射功能,并相应灯光配置以达到最完美的设计效果。 [0003] Strut channels plaster board ceiling because of its low cost, easy modeling, environmental, fire performance, it is widely used in building interior decoration ceiling works, the various large-scale smallpox modeling complex tooling design must comply its corresponding feature space environment, sound reflection function, and accordingly to achieve the best lighting configuration design effect. 由于叠级天花给予视觉上层次感强,并可以达到很有效的减音功能,故在大型会议室、宴会大厅、多功能厅等聚众量大的公共空间较多采用。 As the stack level ceilings give a strong visual sense of depth, and can achieve very effective sound reduction function, so more use in gathering a large amount of public space large conference room, banquet hall, multi-purpose hall. 但多层龙骨结构及多层面反复作业,不能有效的缩短作业工时,每道工序间隔时间较长,而且下道工序经常会破坏上道工序的作业面,重复污损带来大量反复修补工作,工程质量较差,人工及材料浪费严重,致使造价上扬成本明显增高。 However, the multilayer structure and the multi-level keel repeated operation, can not effectively shorten the work hours, each process interval is long, and the next process on the working surface often destroys the procedure is repeated to bring a large number of repeated repair work offset, poor quality, wasted labor and materials so serious that the cost of rising costs are significantly higher.

[0004] 在施工过程中需加强技术创新、采取新工艺、合理安排工序,避免人工和材料浪费,更好的控制成本,发明人针对此情况重新编制工艺流程,并结合创新性的管理手段,总结形成此方法。 [0004] the need to strengthen the construction process of technological innovation, adopt new technology, reasonable arrangement process, to avoid waste of labor and materials, better control costs, the inventor of this case for re-establishment process, combined with innovative management tools, this method is summarized form.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 针对现有技术存在的缺点,本发明提供了一种新的叠级悬挂纸面石膏板组合吊顶的施工方法,采取子分项多层面拆分法同时作业,最后分层叠加组装一次完成,有效的缩短了施工周期、保证了工程质量,同时也明显降低了施工成本。 [0005] for the disadvantages of the prior art, the present invention provides a method for the construction of the ceiling plasterboard combination stage a new stack of suspension to take the child sub-resolution method multidimensional simultaneous operation, once assembled final layered superposed complete, effectively shorten the construction period, to ensure the quality of the project, but also significantly reduce the construction costs.

[0006] 本发明所述方法的特点和优点在于对各工序进行统一有序、合理化安排和技术管理,节约时间和降低成本。 [0006] Features and advantages of the method of the present invention is that each step is unified and orderly, and rationalized management, save time and reduce costs.

[0007] 本发明所述方法可适用于各类建筑的叠级纸面石膏板组合吊顶工程施工。 The [0007] method of the present invention is applicable to all types of building plaster board ceiling construction composition stack level.

[0008] 本发明所述方法包括以下步骤:(I)抄平、弹线;(2)安装吊杆及主龙骨;(3)安装边、次、横撑龙骨;(4)安装第一层纸面石膏板;(5)补缝、贴绷带、局部刮腻子、上面层涂料; [0008] The method of the invention comprises the steps of: (I) copy flat, elastic line; (2) mounting the boom and the main keel; (3) mounted side views, transverse keel; (4) mounting the first layer gypsum board; (5) fill joints, paste bandage, putty partial, top-layer coating;

(6)安装第二层纸面石膏板;(7)点刷防锈漆;(8)补缝、贴绷带、局部腻子找平;(9)第一遍满刮腻子;(10)第二遍满刮腻子;(11)打磨;(12)底层涂料;(13)中层涂料;(14)面层涂料。 (6) mounting a second layer of gypsum board; (7) antirust paint brush point; (8) fill joints, paste bandages, topical putty; (9) a first fill the putty; (10) a second time full putty; (11) sanding; (12) primer; (13) middle coating; (14) surface coating.

[0009] 特别地,各步骤具体工艺包括: [0009] In particular, each step of the process specifically comprises:

[0010] (I)抄平、弹线[0011] 根据现场提供的标高控制点,按施工图纸各区域的标高,在墙面、柱面顶面上弹出标高控制线,抄平采用水平仪等仪器,要求水平线、标高一致、准确。 [0010] (I) copy flat, elastic line [0011] The control point elevation provided on site according to the regional level construction drawings, on the wall, the top surface of the pop-cylindrical elevation control line, with horizontal flat copy and other equipment requiring horizontal line, the same elevation, and accurate.

[0012] (2)安装吊杆及主龙骨 [0012] (2) mounting the boom and the main keel

[0013] 1、吊杆安装: [0013] 1, boom mounted:

[0014] 用冲击锤在已经定好的十字线处打孔,孔的深度60-70_,根据叠级吊顶的落差确定吊杆的长度以及安装吊杆,膨胀管不得高出楼面,螺母后有垫圈,螺母必须拧紧。 [0014] After the line has been given a good cross punch, 60-70_ depth of the hole, and the length of the boom is determined according to the mounting boom bundle drop ceiling level by the hammer, the expansion can not be higher than the floor, there is a nut washers, nuts must be tightened. 安装完毕的吊杆端头外露长度不小于3mm,下端套丝后与吊件连接,当吊杆长度大于1.5米时必须设置反支撑。 Installed boom tip exposed length of not less than 3mm, the lower end of the sleeve is connected to the wire hanger, when the boom length is greater than 1.5 meters must be set to the counter-support.

[0015] 2、主龙骨安装: [0015] 2, the main keel installation:

[0016] 用吊挂件安装主龙骨,拧紧螺丝,相邻主龙骨的接头应错开,同时应起拱(房间短向跨度的1/200)。 [0016] The hanging member mounting the main keel, tighten the screw, adjacent to the main keel joints should be staggered, and should bagging (room short span to 1/200). 端头距墙300mm以内。 Ends within 300mm from the wall. 安装主龙骨首先安装首层底板吊顶的主龙骨,预留出错层部分的主龙骨。 Mounting first main keel main keel installation of the first floor ceiling plate, the main keel reservation error layer portion.

[0017] (3)安装边、次、横撑龙骨 [0017] (3) mounted side views, transverse keel

[0018] 按照预先弹好位置,依次从一端到另一端,叠级异型部分,从高到底依次安装,次龙骨与边龙骨连接处,次龙骨端头90°处双面切20mm 口,并向外折90°,固定时三面用铆钉固定(严禁使用气钉固定),对于检修口,上人孔通风口的部位,在安装龙骨同时相应增加龙骨,遇到大型吊顶时,提前做好预埋件。 [0018] according to a predetermined playing position is good, sequentially from one end to the other end, the stack level profiled section, from the high order installed in the end, and side views keel keel joint, the keel end times at 90 ° sided cut 20mm port, and outer flap 90 °, fixed on three sides by rivets (fixing prohibited use staples gas), for site access opening, the vent hole Master, when installing a corresponding increase keel keel encountered large ceiling embedded ahead pieces. 在龙骨安装后,对吊杆垂直度进行调整。 After keel installation, adjustment of the boom verticality. 因设备占用空间位置,吊杆间距> 1200mm时,应调整并附加吊杆。 Location due to device space, the pitch boom> when 1200mm, and attach the boom should be adjusted. 拉线调整吊顶龙骨平整度、拱度(根据跨度控制在短跨的1/200_设置),用钳子将次龙骨挂件夹紧。 Cable adjusting ceiling keel flatness, crown (according to the span control in 1 / 200_ set the short span), the second keel pendant with pliers clamp. 在吊顶主龙骨、次龙骨及预留口封边龙骨安装完后,拉线(房间尺寸较大时应拉钢线)检查次龙骨间距和起拱度、预留口位置,龙骨间距、拱度调整后,用钳子将次龙骨挂件夹紧。 In the ceiling of the main keel and second reserve port and keel keel Edge After installation, the cable (room pull wire size should be large) distance between the keel and inspection times of camber, reserved port position, distance between the keel, buttressing after the sub-keel pendant with pliers clamped.

[0019] (4)安装第一层纸面石膏板 [0019] (4) mounting a first layer of plasterboard

[0020] 按照现场条件依次从一端到另一端,从高到底用自攻螺丝从纸面石膏板中间依次向四周固定,石膏板之间应留3〜5mm,自攻螺丝顶头要沉入纸面Imm左右,自攻螺丝间距应(20mm,纸面石膏板在安装时要前后、左右、上下相应错缝安装,避免后期开裂。 [0020] according to the site conditions in the end with successively higher self-tapping screws from the intermediate plasterboard successively four weeks should be left between the fixed 3~5mm, gypsum board from side to side, from the head to self-tapping screws sink paper about IMM, spacing should be self-tapping screws (20mm, gypsum board during installation to front and back, left and right, up and down the respective mounting wrong seam, to avoid post-cracking.

[0021] (5)补缝、贴绷带、局部找平处理 [0021] (5) fill joints, paste bandages, local leveling process

[0022] 安装完第一层纸面石膏板后在自攻螺丝相应处做防锈处理,用嵌缝石膏补缝自攻螺丝钉眼,用5_牛皮纸或相应耐开裂材质在所有接缝处粘贴。 [0022] After mounting a first layer made of plaster board in the corresponding self-tapping screws rust treatment with caulking plaster fill joints self-tapping screws eye pasted seams all 5_ with kraft paper or corresponding material resistant to cracking . 用腻子在需要安装第二层纸面石膏板外露部分的基础板部分刮腻子,并打磨平找,石膏板与墙面连接处要贴牛皮纸后在刮腻子,打磨找平后,上相应面层涂料。 Putty need to install the second layer of gypsum board exposed portion of the base plate portion putty, and polished flat to find, gypsum wall board and kraft paper attached to the junction of the putty, leveling polished, surface coating on the respective .

[0023] 注意:主要避免多层造型石膏吊顶一次安装完石膏板后,底层部分石膏板难挂腻子或边角处理不平整。 [0023] Note: Avoid main molding multilayer gypsum plasterboard ceiling at once after the mounting, the bottom portion of the drywall corner difficult to hang or putty treatment uneven.

[0024] (6)安装第二层纸面石膏板 [0024] (6) mounting a second layer of plasterboard

[0025] 按照现场条件依次从一端到另一端,从高到底用自攻螺丝从纸面石膏板中间依次向四周固定,石膏板之间应留3〜5mm,自攻螺丝顶头要沉入纸面Imm左右,自攻螺丝间距应(20mm,纸面石膏板在安装时要前后、左右、上下相应错缝安装,避免后期开裂。 [0025] according to the site conditions in the end with successively higher self-tapping screws from the intermediate plasterboard successively four weeks should be left between the fixed 3~5mm, gypsum board from side to side, from the head to self-tapping screws sink paper about IMM, spacing should be self-tapping screws (20mm, gypsum board during installation to front and back, left and right, up and down the respective mounting wrong seam, to avoid post-cracking.

[0026] (7)点刷防锈漆 [0026] (7) antirust paint brush point

[0027] 纸面石膏板安装完毕后,自攻螺丝应进行防锈处理(防锈漆最好采用银灰色),并用腻子找平。 [0027] After the gypsum board installation, self-tapping screws to be treated against rust (rust silver is preferably used), and leveling with putty. [0028] (8)补缝、贴绷带、局部腻子找平 [0028] (8) fill joints, paste bandage, putty partial

[0029] 安装完第二层纸面石膏板后在自攻螺丝相应处做防锈处理,用嵌缝石膏补缝自攻螺丝钉眼,用5_牛皮纸或相应耐开裂材质的所有接缝处粘贴。 [0029] After the installation of the second layer in the gypsum board at the corresponding self-tapping screws do rust treatment with caulking plaster fill joints self-tapping screws ophthalmic, 5_ with kraft paper or paste all seams respective crack resistance material .

[0030] (9)第一遍满刮腻子 [0030] (9) a first fill the putty

[0031] 1、所有涂饰部位均应满刮,墙面横刮,顶面与自然光线垂直; [0031] 1, all parts of the coating should be full blade, scraped wall horizontal, perpendicular to the top surface of the natural light;

[0032] 2、尽量刮薄、不得漏刮;接头不得留搓。 [0032] 2, scraping thin as possible, not missing scratch; linker must not be left twist.

[0033] (10)第二遍满刮腻子 [0033] (10) and fill the second putty

[0034] 所有涂饰部位均应满刮,墙面竖刮,顶面与自然光线平行。 [0034] All parts of the coating should be full blade, scraped vertical wall, parallel to the top surface of the natural light.

[0035] (11)打磨 [0035] (11) Polished

[0036] 1、打磨平整、光滑;用排刷清理干净浮尘; [0036] 1, polished flat and smooth; clean dust-discharging brush;

[0037] 2、检查阳角方正不大于2mm,直线度、平面度2mm。 [0037] 2. Check Founder sun angle no greater than 2mm, straightness, flatness 2mm.

[0038] (12)底层涂料 [0038] (12) primer

[0039] 施工应在干燥、清洁、牢固的层表面上进行,喷涂一遍,涂层需均匀,不得漏涂。 [0039] The construction shall be performed on dry, clean, solid surface layer, again sprayed, uniform coating required, not leak coating.

[0040] (13)中层涂料 [0040] (13) middle coating

[0041] 涂刷第一遍中层涂料前如发现有不平整之处,用腻子补平磨光。 [0041] Middle coating before brushing the first pass if there is uneven place by putty fill-finishing. 涂料在使用前应用手提电动搅拌枪充分搅拌均匀。 Application of an electric hand-held paint gun stirred before use stir. 如稠度较大,可适当加清水稀释,但每次加水量需一致,不得稀稠不一。 The consistency of greater dilution water may be appropriate, but each must be the same amount of water can not be mixed with dilute thick. 然后将涂料倒入托盘,用涂料滚子醮料涂刷第一遍。 Then pour the paint tray, paint roller brush dipped material first pass. 滚子应横向涂刷,然后再纵向滚压,将涂料赶开,涂平。 Should roller squeegee transverse, then longitudinal rolling, the coating catch open, flat coating. 滚涂顺序一般为从上到下,从左到右,先远后近,先边角棱角、小面后大面。 Roller generally order from top to bottom, left to right, the first distant past, the first corner edges and corners, after a small plane Omo. 要求厚薄均匀,防止涂料过多流坠。 Uniform thickness required to prevent excessive paint flow fall. 滚子涂不到有阴角处,需用毛刷补充,不得漏涂。 Less than a roller coated with a female corner, required brush supplement, not holidays. 要随时剔除沾在墙上的滚子毛。 To eliminate any time stick to the wall of the roller hair. 一面墙要一气呵成。 A wall to be coherent. 避免接槎刷迹重叠现象,沾污到其他部位的涂料要及时用清水擦净。 Avoid overlapping access Cha brush track, contamination to other parts of the coating must be promptly wipe with water. 第一遍中层涂料施工后,一般需干燥4H以上,才能进行下道磨光工序。 After the first pass the middle coating application, drying usually takes 4H above, in order to perform the next polishing process. 如遇天气潮湿,应适当延长间隔时间。 In case of wet weather, the time interval should be extended. 然后,用细砂纸进行打磨,打磨时用力要轻而匀,并不得磨穿涂层,磨的将表面清扫干净;第二遍中层涂产刷与第一遍相同,但不再磨光。 Then, with fine sandpaper, when grinding force should be light and uniform, and the coating can not be worn, cleaned mill surface; a second coating pass yield middle brush is the same as the first pass, but not polished. 涂刷后,应达到一般乳胶漆高级刷浆的要求;(如果前面腻子和涂料底层处理的好可以不进行本层的深刷) After brushing, paint should meet the general requirements of advanced swabbing; (if the front bottom paint and putty may not be a good deal of this brush layer depth)

[0042] (14)乳胶漆面层喷涂 [0042] (14) facing the spray paint

[0043] 由于基层材质、齿期、碱性、干燥程度不同,应预先在局部墙面上进行试喷,以确定基层与涂料的相容情况,并同时确定合适的涂布量;乳胶漆涂料在使用前要充分摇动容器,使其充分混合均匀,然后打开容器,用木棍充分搅拌;喷涂时,嘴应始终保持与装饰表垂直(尤其在阴角处),距离约为0.3-0.5M(根据装修面大小调整),喷嘴压力为0.2-0.3MM2喷枪呈Z字形向前推进,横纵交叉进行。 [0043] Depending on the base layer material, of teeth, basic, the degree of drying, the test should be performed in advance was sprayed on the wall locally, and to determine compatibility where the base layer coating, and also determine the appropriate amount of the coating; latex paint before use to shake the container well, sufficiently mixed, and then open the container, stirred sufficiently with a stick; while spraying nozzle should always be perpendicular to the decorative sheet (especially the female corner), a distance of about 0.3-0.5M (The size adjustment decoration face), a nozzle pressure of 0.2-0.3MM2 gun forward Z-shaped, for vertical and horizontal cross. 喷枪移动要平衡涂布量要一致,不得时停时移,跳跃前进,以免发生堆料、流挂或漏喷现象;为提高喷涂效率和质量,喷涂顺序应安:墙面部位—柱部位一预面部位一门窗部位,该顺序应灵活掌握,以不增重复遮挡和不影响已完成的饰面为准。 To balance the movement of the gun to be consistent coating amount can not be shifted when stopping, jumps forward to avoid stacking, or the drain discharge sagging phenomenon; to improve the efficiency and quality of the spray, the spray should be safe sequence: Wall portion - a portion of column a face portion pre door portion, this order should be flexible, so as not to increase repeating occlusion and does not affect the completed veneer prevail.

[0044] 本发明所述方法的效益优势在于: [0044] The efficiency advantages of the present invention, the method is characterized in:

[0045] (I)该方法施工简单科学,施工速度快,可以满足工期紧张的需要。 [0045] (I) The construction is simple science, construction speed, meet tight deadlines needs.

[0046] (2)通过合理安排工序,避免材料浪费,节省了材料费;由于采用子分项多层面拆分法同时作业,避免交叉施工,使一般类似工程每平米减少0.4个工日,极大的节省人工费。 [0046] (2) step by reasonable arrangements, to avoid waste of material, material cost savings; As a child sub-resolution method multifaceted operations simultaneously, to avoid cross-construction, so construction is generally similar man-days per square meter by 0.4, poles big saving labor costs. 通过课题创新,一方面提高了我公司施工能力,为今后其他施工企业进行同类型工程提供了经验。 By subject innovation, on the one hand improved my construction company's ability to perform the same type of construction project for the future of other enterprises experience. 另一方面,通过优质、高效地完成施工任务,得到了甲方、监理的肯定和好评。 On the other hand, through quality and efficient completion of construction tasks, has been the Party, supervision of recognition and praise. 该成果对同类工程有较大的借鉴意义和指导作用,有较高的应用推广价值。 The results of a larger reference and guidance for similar projects, a higher application value.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0047] 1、材料与设备 [0047] 1, materials and equipment

[0048] 1.1 材料 [0048] 1.1 Materials

[0049] 1、主材: [0049] 1, the main material:

[0050] 1)U系列轻钢龙骨(含配件):龙骨采用原厂产品配套镀锌龙骨,符合国标《建筑用轻钢龙骨》(GB11981-89),承载龙骨不低于要求,双面镀锌量不少于120g/m2 ;吊顶轻钢龙骨按承载能力分上人龙骨和下不上人龙骨。 [0050] 1) U series metal frame (including accessories): supporting galvanized product using the original keel keel, the GB 'metal frame construction "(GB11981-89), not less than the required bearer keel, duplex plating zinc content of not less than 120g / m2; ceiling metal frame carrying capacity divided by the keel Master and Master without keel. 按用途分有大龙骨、中龙骨、小龙骨。 By zoning large keel, the keel, small keel. 按系列分类有UC38,UC50, UC60三个系列,此三个系列依次为轻型、中型和重型龙骨。 By Series classification UC38, UC50, UC60 three series, this series followed by three light, medium and heavy keel.

[0051] a.轻型系列:不能承受上人荷载。 [0051] a light series: Master can not bear the load.

[0052] b.中型系列:能承受偶然上人荷载,可在其上铺设简易检验马道。 [0052] b Medium series: Master can withstand accidental loads, simple test can be laid at the horse track on it.

[0053] c.重型系列:能承受上人检修80kg集中荷载可在其上铺设永久性检验马道,有特殊要求的马道,如上人次数频繁,或有超重荷载,则需将马道自行吊挂在顶板上,与吊顶系统分开。 [0053] c heavy series: Master Maintenance 80kg withstand concentrated loads can be laid permanently thereon tested Ma, Ma special requirements, as the number of people frequently, or overweight load, will need their own hanging Ma the top plate, separated from the ceiling system.

[0054] 2)纸面石膏板(9.5mm或12mm厚) [0054] 2) gypsum board (9.5mm thick and 12mm)

[0055] 2、辅材: [0055] 2, DPM:

[0056] 镀锌08通丝杆、防锈漆、嵌缝石膏、耐水腻子、乳胶漆、25mm自攻螺丝、接缝纸带、白乳胶、砂纸。 [0056] 08 through galvanized screw, rust, caulking plaster, water putty, paint, 25mm self-tapping screws, the seam tape, white latex, sandpaper.

[0057] 1.2机具设备 [0057] 1.2 machinery equipment

[0058] 1.2.1 [0058] 1.2.1

[0059] 施工机具:拉铆枪、电动自攻钻、直流电焊机、无齿锯、手刨子、冲击钻、铲刀、小水桶、刮板、铅笔、空气压缩机、喷枪等 [0059] construction equipment: riveters, self-tapping drill motor, DC welding machine, toothless saw, plane hand, the hammer drill, blade, small bucket, a blade, a pencil, an air compressor, spray gun, etc.

[0060] 1.2.2 [0060] 1.2.2

[0061] 检测仪器:水平仪、2m水平靠尺、塞尺、钢卷尺、铅垂、铅垂等 [0061] instrumentation: instrument level, 2m horizontal ruler, feeler, steel tape, vertical, vertical, etc.

[0062] 2、质量控制 [0062] 2, quality control

[0063] 2.1质量控制标准 [0063] Quality control standards 2.1

[0064]按 GB-50210-2001 第6.2.7 至第6.3.11 条执行。 [0064] GB-50210-2001 performed in Section 6.2.7 to 6.3.11.

[0065] 2.2质量控制要点 [0065] 2.2 Quality Control Points

[0066] 2.2.1.[0067] 吊顶的隐蔽工程质量,应符合下列有关规定。 [0066] 2.2.1. [0067] hidden project quality ceiling shall comply with the following provisions.

[0068] 2.2.2.[0069] 吊顶纸面石膏板安装时上下、左右要错缝固定,避免后期整体开裂。 [0068] 2.2.2. [0069] When the plaster board ceiling mounted vertically and horizontally staggered joint fixed to avoid cracking the entire post.

[0070] 2.2.3.[0071] 不能在石膏板前部安装完毕后同意进行面层处理,避免后期有造型部分空间面层工作困难。 [0070] 2.2.3. [0071] not consent to treatment after the surface layer of gypsum board front portion installed to avoid the late molding space portion facing the difficult task.

[0072] 2.2.4.[0073] 有大型吊灯时提前安装预埋件,避免后期承重不够。 [0072] 2.2.4. [0073] pre-installed embedded parts when there is a large chandelier, avoid late bearing enough. [0074] 3、安全措施 [0074] 3, security measures

[0075] 3.1工程负责人必须全面承担施工现场的安全责任,并签定《安全责任书》。 [0075] 3.1 project leader must assume full responsibility for the safety of the construction site, and signed the "safety responsibility."

[0076] 3.2严格遵守有关劳动安全法规要求,加强施工安全管理和安全教育,严格执行各项安全生产规章制度。 [0076] 3.2 strict compliance with regulatory requirements related to labor safety, strengthen construction safety management and safety education, strict implementation of safety rules and regulations.

[0077] 3.3吊顶工程的脚手架搭设应符合建筑施工安全标准,不得超过规定荷载。 [0077] 3.3 scaffold erection ceiling works should be consistent with construction safety standards and may not exceed the specified load.

[0078] 3.4施工班组必须定期每月接受一次安全教育,提高安全意识,,必须坚持防火安全培训活动,坚持焊接、油漆等危险作业进行防火安全技术交底制度,及时消除火灾隐患 [0078] 3.4 Construction team must periodically undergo a monthly safety education, improve safety awareness ,, must adhere to the fire safety training, adhere to welding, paint and other dangerous operations carried out technical tests of fire safety system, in time to eliminate fire hazards

[0079] 3.5施工层脚手架必须通过验收合格后方可上架作业。 [0079] 3.5 layer construction scaffolding must work through before the shelves after acceptance.

[0080] 3.6施工人员应配备安全帽、安全带、工具袋,防止人员及物件的坠落。 [0080] 3.6 construction workers should be equipped with helmets, safety belts, tool bags, to prevent the fall of persons and objects.

[0081] 3.7安装吊顶用的施工机具在使用前必须进行严格检验。 [0081] 3.7 installed ceiling construction equipment used must be strictly tested before use.

[0082] 4、环保措施 [0082] 4, environmental protection measures

[0083] 4.1成立对应的施工环境卫生管理机构,在施工过程中严格遵守国家和地方政府下发的有关环境保护的法律、法规,加强对工程材料、设备、生产垃圾的控制和治理。 [0083] 4.1 Construction established corresponding environmental health authorities, strict compliance issued by state and local governments on environmental protection laws and regulations in the construction process, strengthen the construction materials, equipment, control and management of production waste.

[0084] 4.2严格原材料的采购,选择环保材料。 Procurement [0084] 4.2 strict raw materials, selection of environmentally friendly materials. 首先选择无毒、无害、无污染的材料,施工中原材料的采购必须严格按照IS09001和IS014001的相关执行文件进行,控制材料的有害物质在规定范围内。 First select non-toxic, harmless, non-polluting materials, procurement of raw materials of construction must be in strict accordance with the relevant executable file IS09001 and IS014001 control material harmful substances within the specified range.

[0085] 4.3合理安排作业时间,避免在中午和夜间进行切割作业,使施工噪声对周围环境影响减少到最低程度。 [0085] 4.3 reasonable arrangements for working time, to avoid cutting jobs noon and night, so that the construction noise impact on the surrounding environment is reduced to a minimum. 在施工场界噪声敏感区域宜选择使用低噪声的设备并实行封闭施工,采取有效措施控制噪声、扬尘、废物排放。 In the construction field boundary noise sensitive areas should choose to use a low-noise equipment and the implementation of closed construction, to take effective measures to control noise, dust, waste emissions.

[0086] 4.4打磨砂纸和喷涂乳胶漆的工人应佩戴口罩、穿长袖衣服、还应带手套,防止吸入粉尘、乳胶漆。 [0086] 4.4 sandpaper and polish spray paint worker should wear a mask, wear long-sleeved clothes, should also wear gloves to prevent inhalation of dust, paint.

Claims (2)

  1. 1.一种叠级悬挂纸面石膏板组合吊顶的施工方法,所述方包括步骤:(1)抄平、弹线;(2)安装吊杆及主龙骨;(3)安装边、次、横撑龙骨;(4)安装第一层纸面石膏板;(5)补缝、贴绷带、局部刮腻子、上面层涂料;(6)安装第二层纸面石膏板;(7)点刷防锈漆;(8)补缝、贴绷带、局部腻子找平;(9)第一遍满刮腻子;(10)第二遍满刮腻子;(11)打磨;(12)底层涂料;(13)中层涂料;(14)面层涂料。 A suspension stage stacked plate assembly construction method plaster ceiling, said side comprising the steps of: (1) copy the flat, elastic line; (2) mounting the boom and the main keel; (3) mounted side views, transverse keel; (4) a first layer of gypsum board is mounted; (5) fill joints, paste bandage, putty partial, top layer paint; (6) mounting a second layer of gypsum board; (7) point brush rust; (8) fill joints, paste bandages, topical putty; (9) a first fill the putty; (10) a second and fill putty; (11) sanding; (12) primer; (13 ) middle coating; (14) surface coating.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1的方法,其中各个步骤具体为: (1)抄平、弹线根据现场提供的标高控制点,按施工图纸各区域的标高,在墙面、柱面顶面上弹出标高控制线,抄平采用水平仪,要求水平线、标高一致、准确; (2)安装吊杆及主龙骨1)吊杆安装: 用冲击锤在已经定好的十字线处打孔,孔的深度60-70_,根据叠级吊顶的落差确定吊杆的长度以及安装吊杆,膨胀管不得高出楼面,螺母后有垫圈,螺母必须拧紧,安装完毕的吊杆端头外露长度不小于3mm,下端套丝后与吊件连接,当吊杆长度大于1.5米时必须设置反支撑; 2)主龙骨安装: 用吊挂件安装主龙骨,拧紧螺丝,相邻主龙骨的接头应错开,同时应起拱,端头距墙300mm以内,安装主龙骨首先安装首层底板吊顶的主龙骨,预留出错层部分的主龙骨; (3)安装边、次、横撑龙骨` 按照预先弹好位置,依次从一端到另一 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein each step is specifically as follows: (1) copy level elevation according to the line control point projectile provided on site, according to the construction drawing level of each region, in the wall, the top surface of the cylindrical elevation pop control line, using the copy level flat, horizontal requirements, elevation consistent, accurate; (2) mounting the boom and the main keel 1) boom mounted: a hammer has been given a good depth 60-70_ crosshair perforated, holes , stacked drop ceiling level is determined boom length and boom according to the installation, the expansion can not be higher than the floor, a washer, a nut must be tightened after the nuts, installation boom tip exposed length of not less than 3mm, the lower end threading after connecting to the hanger, when the boom length is greater than 1.5 meters must be set to the counter-support; 2) the main keel installation: main keel hanging member, tighten the screw, adjacent to the main keel joints should be staggered, and should bagging, end head away from the wall within 300mm, mounting the first floor plate mounted first main keel main keel ceiling, reserving layer portion main keel error; (3) mounted side views, according to a predetermined transverse keel `good playing position sequentially from one end to the another ,叠级异型部分,从高到底依次安装,次龙骨与边龙骨连接处,次龙骨端头90°处双面切20mm 口,并向外折90°,固定时三面用铆钉固定,严禁使用气钉固定,对于检修口,上人孔通风口的部位,在安装龙骨同时相应增加龙骨,遇到大型吊顶时,提前做好预埋件,在龙骨安装后,对吊杆垂直度进行调整,因设备占用空间位置,吊杆间距> 1200mm时,应调整并附加吊杆,拉线调整吊顶龙骨平整度、拱度,用钳子将次龙骨挂件夹紧。 , Level stack profiled sections, from the high order installed in the end, and side views keel keel joint, the keel end times at 90 ° sided cut 20mm port, and folded outwardly 90 °, fixed on three sides with rivets, prohibited the use of gas nails, for access opening, the vent hole portion Master, when installing a corresponding increase keel keel encountered large ceiling, ahead of embedded parts, after installation of the keel of the boom verticality adjustment, because the spatial position occupied by equipment, the boom length> when 1200mm, the boom should be adjusted and attached, the cable adjusting ceiling keel flatness, camber, with pliers keel pendant secondary clamp. 在吊顶主龙骨、次龙骨及预留口封边龙骨安装完后,拉线,检查次龙骨间距和起拱度、预留口位置,龙骨间距、拱度调整后,用钳子将次龙骨挂件夹紧; (4)安装第一层纸面石膏板按照现场条件依次从一端到另一端,从高到底用自攻螺丝从纸面石膏板中间依次向四周固定,石膏板之间应留3〜5mm,自攻螺丝顶头要沉入纸面Imm左右,自攻螺丝间距应< 20mm,纸面石膏板在安装时要前后、左右、上下相应错缝安装,避免后期开裂; (5)补缝、贴绷带、局部找平处理安装完第一层纸面石膏板后在自攻螺丝相应处做防锈处理,用嵌缝石膏补缝自攻螺丝钉眼,用5_牛皮纸或相应耐开裂材质在所有接缝处粘贴,用腻子在需要安装第二层纸面石膏板外露部分的基础板部分刮腻子,并打磨平找,石膏板与墙面连接处要贴牛皮纸后在刮腻子,打磨找平后,上相应面层涂料; ( In the ceiling of the main keel, and the reservation times keel keel opening edge seal after installation, cable, and check the time distance between the keel of camber, reserved port position, distance between the keel, the buttressing with forceps gripping the second keel pendant ; (4) mounting a first layer of plaster board according to the site conditions in order from end to end, in the end from the high self-tapping screws should turn left from the intermediate 3~5mm plasterboard to four weeks between the fixed, gypsum board, self-tapping screws to sink into the plug about Imm, paper, self-tapping screws spacing should be <20mm, gypsum board during installation to front and back, left and right, up and down the respective mounting wrong seam, to avoid post-cracking; (5) fill joints, paste bandages done after local leveling layer is first processed gypsum board mounted in a respective anti-rust treatment of the self-tapping screws, caulking plaster fill joints with self-tapping screws ophthalmic, 5_ with kraft paper or corresponding material resistant to cracking at all seams paste, putty need to use a second layer of gypsum board exposed portion of the base plate portion putty, and polished flat to find, gypsum wall board and kraft paper attached to the junction of the putty, leveling polished, the corresponding surface layer paint; ( 6)安装第二层纸面石膏板按照现场条件依次从一端到另一端,从高到底用自攻螺丝从纸面石膏板中间依次向四周固定,石膏板之间应留3〜5mm,自攻螺丝顶头要沉入纸面Imm左右,自攻螺丝间距应(20mm,纸面石膏板在安装时要前后、左右、上下相应错缝安装,避免后期开裂;(7)点刷防锈漆纸面石膏板安装完毕后,自攻螺丝应进行防锈处理,并用腻子找平; (8)补缝、贴绷带、局部腻子找平安装完第二层纸面石膏板后在自攻螺丝相应处做防锈处理,用嵌缝石膏补缝自攻螺丝钉眼,用5_牛皮纸或相应耐开裂材质的所有接缝处粘贴; (9)第一遍满刮腻子1)所有涂饰部位均应满刮,墙面横刮,顶面与自然光线垂直; 2)尽量刮薄、不得漏刮;接头不得留搓; (10)第二遍满刮腻子所有涂饰部位均应满刮,墙面竖刮,顶面与自然光线平行; (11)打磨1)打磨平整、光滑;用排 6) mounting a second layer of plaster board according to the site conditions in order from end to end, in the end from the high self-tapping screws should turn left from the intermediate 3~5mm plasterboard to four weeks between the fixed, gypsum board, self-tapping to sink the screw head about Imm, paper, spacing should be self-tapping screws (20mm, gypsum board during installation to front and back, left and right, up and down the respective mounting wrong seam, to avoid post-cracking; (7) antirust paint brush drawing point gypsum board installation, self-tapping screws to be treated against rust, and leveling with putty; (8) fill joints, paste bandage, putty after installing a second partial layer in the gypsum board at the corresponding self-tapping screws to prevent rust treatment with caulking plaster fill joints self-tapping screws ophthalmic, 5_ with kraft paper or paste all seams corresponding material resistant to cracking; (9) a first fill the putty 1) all parts of the coating should be full scraping, wall cross-scraping, perpendicular to the top surface with the natural light; 2) scraping thin as possible, not missing scratch; linker not remain pickup; (10) a second finish and fill all parts should be filled putty scraping blade vertical wall, and a top surface natural light parallel; (11) polished 1) polished flat and smooth; row with 清理干净浮尘; 2)检查阳角方正不大于2_,直线度、平面度2_ ; (12)底层涂料在干燥、清洁、牢固的层表面上进行,喷涂一遍,涂层需均匀,不得漏涂; (13)中层涂料涂刷第一遍中层涂料前如发现有不平整之处,用腻子补平磨光。 Clean dust; 2) Check the sun angle no greater than 2_ Founder, straightness, flatness 2_; (12) primer in a dry, clean, solid surface layer, again sprayed, uniform coating need not be coated with a drain; (13) before the first pass paint brush middle coatings as found in the middle of the unevenness, putty fill-finishing. 涂料在使用前应用手提电动搅拌枪充分搅拌均匀,然后将涂料倒入托盘,用涂料滚子醮料涂刷第一遍,滚子应横向涂刷,然后再纵向滚压,将涂料赶开,涂平,滚涂顺序一般为从上到下,从左到右,先远后近,先边角棱角、小面后大面,要求厚薄均匀,防止涂料过多流坠,滚子涂不到有阴角处,需用毛刷补充,不得漏涂。 Application of the coating prior to use hand-held electric mixer, stir the gun, and the coating was poured into a tray, with a coating material applicator roller dipped first pass, the squeegee roller should be transverse, then longitudinal rolling, the coating catch open, coating level, the general order for the roll top to bottom, left to right, the first distant past, the first angular corners, the facet Omo, uniform thickness required to prevent excessive paint flow fall, roller coating not there overcast corner, required brush supplement, not holidays. 要随时剔除沾在墙上的滚子毛,一面墙要一气呵成,避免接槎刷迹重叠现象,沾污到其他部位的涂料要及时用清水擦净,第一遍中层涂料施工后,需干燥4小时以上,才能进行下道磨光工序,然后,用细砂纸进行打磨,打磨时用力要轻而匀,并不得磨穿涂层,磨的将表面清扫干净,第二遍中层涂产刷与第一遍相同,但不再磨光,涂刷后,应达到一般乳胶漆高级刷浆的要求; (14)乳胶漆面层喷涂由于基层材质、齿期、碱性、干燥程度不同,应预先在局部墙面上进行试喷,以确定基层与涂料的相容情况,并同时确定合适的涂布量;乳胶漆涂料在使用前要充分摇动容器,使其充分混合均匀,然后打开容器,用木棍充分搅拌;喷涂时,嘴应始终保持与装饰表垂直,距离约为0.3-0.5M,喷嘴压力为0.2-0.3N/M2,喷枪呈Z字形向前推进,横纵交叉进行,喷枪移动要平衡 To keep the wall removed stick hair roller, a wall to be coherent, then hew avoid overlap brush track, contamination to other parts of the coating must be promptly wipe with water, after the first pass middle coating application, be dried 4 hour or more, to perform the next polishing process is then performed with fine sandpaper, when grinding force should be light and uniform, and the coating can not be worn, cleaned mill surface, a second coating pass yield middle of the brush and again the same, but no longer polishing, brushing, paint should generally meet the requirements of advanced swabbing; (14) facing the spray paint base layer due to the different materials, of the teeth, basic, the degree of drying, be in advance trial spray topical wall, where the base layer to determine the compatibility of the paint, and also determine the appropriate amount of the coating; latex paint before use to shake the container well, sufficiently mixed, and then open the container, wood stir stick; while spraying nozzle should always be perpendicular to the decorative sheet, a distance of about 0.3-0.5 M, a nozzle pressure of 0.2-0.3N / M2, Z-shaped gun forward, vertical and horizontal cross, to move the gun balance 布量要一致,不得时停时移,跳跃前进,以免发生堆料、流挂或漏喷现象,喷涂顺序为:墙面部位,柱部位,预面部位,门窗部位。 The amount of cloths to be consistent, not stopping the time-shift, jump forward, in order to avoid stacking, or sagging phenomenon leakage jet, spray order: wall portion, the column portion, the pre-plane area, windows site.
CN 201310165267 2013-05-08 2013-05-08 Construction method of laminated suspension gypsum plaster board combinational suspended ceiling CN103206066A (en)

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