CN103194911B - One kind repellent fabric and preparation method - Google Patents

One kind repellent fabric and preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103194911B
CN103194911B CN 201310151432 CN201310151432A CN103194911B CN 103194911 B CN103194911 B CN 103194911B CN 201310151432 CN201310151432 CN 201310151432 CN 201310151432 A CN201310151432 A CN 201310151432A CN 103194911 B CN103194911 B CN 103194911B
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polyurethane
microcapsules
fabric
repellent
preparing
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CN 201310151432
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CN103194911A (en )
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刘也多
汪新贵
王文彬
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上海洋帆实业有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了户外用品领域的一种驱蚊面料,包括基体面料和位于所述基体面料上表面的聚氨酯微胶囊涂层,所述聚氨酯微胶囊涂层是由聚氨酯微胶囊构成的,所述聚氨酯微胶囊是由聚氨酯乳胶颗粒,以及包覆在所述聚氨酯乳胶颗粒中的杀虫剂构成的。 The present invention discloses a repellent fabrics in the field of outdoor products, comprising a base fabric and a polyurethane layer of microcapsules located on the base fabric surface, the microcapsule coating is a polyurethane microcapsules formed of a polyurethane, said polyurethane microcapsules are polyurethane latex particles, and latex particles coated with the polyurethane in the configuration of a pesticide. 其技术效果是:能使杀虫剂缓慢地释放,驱蚊效果好,使用寿命长,多次水洗后,驱蚊效果不会明显下降,且不易对人体造成损害。 The technical effect is: can slowly release pesticides, insect repellent effect is good, long life, repeatedly washed with water, insect repellent effect will not be decreased, and less damage to the human body. 本发明还公开了户外用品领域的一种驱蚊面料的制备方法,包括下列步骤:聚氨酯微胶囊制备步骤、微胶囊整理液制备步骤和涂层步骤。 The present invention also discloses a method for preparing a repellent fabric supplies outdoor sector, comprising the steps of: preparing polyurethane microcapsules step, the step of preparing the coating liquid and the microcapsule finishing step.

Description

一种驱蚊面料及其制备方法 One kind repellent fabric and preparation method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及户外用品领域的一种驱蚊面料和一种驱蚊面料的制备方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of outdoor products and a method for producing a repellent fabric repellent fabric.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 世界各国均有蚊子的困扰,我国地处亚热带。 [0002] all over the world are plagued by mosquitoes, China's subtropical. 这一问题也相当突出。 This problem is also quite prominent. 同时,蚊子还是疟疾和其它一些病原体的传播者。 Meanwhile, malaria and mosquitoes or other pathogens communicator. 因而,寻找一种合适、有效的驱蚊手段是很迫切的。 Thus, to find an appropriate and effective means of mosquito is very urgent. 世界卫生组织曾提议以杀虫剂浸泡蚊帐,只能被动的防止蚊子侵扰。 World Health Organization has proposed to ITNs, can only passively prevent mosquito infestation. 而且,采用浸泡法织物的杀虫效果维持时间较短,水洗后药效大幅度下降,必需再一次浸泡。 Further, the fabric using immersion short duration insecticidal effect, a significant decline in efficacy after washing with water, immersed again required. 这样既麻烦又多耗药齐U,效率低,易污染环境,对人体也有潜在的损害。 This will not only trouble the addition of drug consumption Qi U, low efficiency, and environmental pollution on the human body there are potential damage.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的是为了克服现有技术的不足,提供一种驱蚊面料,其能够控制杀虫剂在其表面的释放速率来驱除蚊虫,具有良好的耐久性和驱蚊效果,且不易对人体造成损害。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, there is provided a repellent fabric, capable of controlling release rate of the pesticide to the surface to repel mosquitoes, has good durability and repellent effect, and not easy to cause damage to the human body. 相应地,本发明还提供了一种驱蚊面料的制备方法。 Accordingly, the present invention also provides a method for preparing a repellent fabric.

[0004] 实现上述目的的一种技术方案是:一种驱蚊面料,包括基体面料和位于所述基体面料上表面的聚氨酯微胶囊涂层,所述聚氨酯微胶囊涂层是由聚氨酯微胶囊构成的,所述聚氨酯微胶囊是由聚氨酯乳胶颗粒,以及包覆在所述聚氨酯乳胶颗粒中的杀虫剂构成的。 [0004] The technical solution to achieve the above object is: A repellent fabric comprising a base fabric and a polyurethane layer of microcapsules located on a surface of the base body of the fabric, the polyurethane coating is a polyurethane microcapsules composed of microcapsules of the polyurethane microcapsules are polyurethane latex particles, and latex particles coated with the polyurethane in the configuration of a pesticide.

[0005] 进一步的,所述的杀虫剂为拟除虫菊酯类杀虫剂。 [0005] Further, the pesticide is a pyrethroid insecticide.

[0006] 进一步的,所述的基体面料为纯棉面料、纯麻面料、涤纶面料、腈纶面料或者尼龙面料。 [0006] Further, the base fabrics of cotton fabrics, ramie fabrics, polyester fabrics, nylon or acrylic fabrics.

[0007] 实现上述目的的另外一种技术方案是:一种驱蚊面料的制备方法,包括下列步骤: [0007] Another aspect of achieving the above object is: a process for preparing a repellent fabric, comprising the steps of:

[0008] 聚氨酯微胶囊制备步骤:以聚乙二醇和二异氰酸酯为原料,进行乳液缩聚,并在乳液缩聚的过程中加入杀虫剂和分散剂,得到聚氨酯微胶囊,所述聚氨酯微胶囊是由聚氨酯乳胶颗粒,以及包覆在所述聚氨酯乳胶颗粒中的杀虫剂构成的; [0008] Polyurethane microcapsules prepared steps of: polyethylene glycol and diisocyanate as raw material, a polycondensation emulsion, and dispersing agents and insecticides added during the polycondensation of the emulsion, to give a polyurethane microcapsules, said microcapsules is made of polyurethane polyurethane latex particles, and the coated latex particles in the polyurethane constituting the pesticide;

[0009] 微胶囊整理液制备步骤:配制增稠剂DRA水溶液后,将聚氨酯微胶囊和粘合剂β -环糊精,加入所述的增稠剂DRA水溶液,搅拌均匀,得到微胶囊整理液; [0009] Microcapsules were prepared finishing steps of: formulating the aqueous thickener DRA, polyurethane microcapsules and binder β - cyclodextrin, was added an aqueous solution of the DRA thickeners, stir to give a microcapsule liquid finishing ;

[0010] 涂层步骤:基体面料的上表面刮涂上所述微胶囊整理液后,在85°C下烘干,再在110-120°C下焙烘,然后在80〜90°C下进行水洗,最后在85°C下再次烘干,得到驱蚊面料。 [0010] Coating Step: a base fabric on the rear upper surface of the microcapsules knife finishing liquor, dried at 85 ° C, and then baking at 110-120 ° C, and then at 80~90 ° C in washed with water, and finally dried again at 85 ° C, to give repellent fabric.

[0011] 进一步的,所述聚氨酯微胶囊制备步骤中,先配制OPlO乳化剂浓度为2g/L的乳浊液,再在每100ml的所述乳浊液中加入15g的聚乙二醇400、3g的二异氰酸酯、3g的分散剂和15〜25g的杀虫剂,然后在1000r/min的搅拌速率以及70°C的反应温度下,进行1.5h的乳液缩聚,最后自然降温,并在自然降温至室温后静置24h,得到聚氨酯微胶囊的沉淀。 [0011] Further, the step of preparing polyurethane microcapsules, prepared OPlO first emulsifier concentration of 2g / L emulsion, adding polyethylene glycol 400 15g per 100ml of the emulsion, the diisocyanate 3g, 3g 15~25g dispersant and pesticides, the reaction temperature and stirring rate at 1000r / min and 70 ° C, and polycondensation of the emulsion was 1.5h, and finally natural cooling and natural cooling Wen Houjing opposite to the chamber 24h, the precipitate to obtain a polyurethane microcapsules.

[0012] 再进一步的,所述的二异氰酸酯为六亚甲基二异氰酸酯、甲苯二异氰酸酯或者二苯基甲烷二异氰酸酯。 [0012] Still further, said diisocyanate is hexamethylene diisocyanate, toluene diisocyanate or diphenylmethane diisocyanate.

[0013] 再进一步的,所述的分散剂为海藻酸钠。 [0013] Still further, the dispersing agent is a sodium alginate.

[0014] 再进一步的,所述的杀虫剂为拟除虫菊酯类杀虫剂。 [0014] Still further, said pesticide is a pyrethroid insecticide.

[0015] 进一步的,所述微胶囊整理液制备步骤中,先配制浓度为15g/L增稠剂DRA水溶液,再在每100ml的所述增稠剂DRA水溶液中加入30〜40g聚氨酯微胶囊和20g的粘合剂β -环糊精,继续搅拌5min,得到微胶囊整理液。 [0015] Further, the step of preparing the microcapsules finishing liquor, first formulated at a concentration of 15g / L aqueous DRA thickeners, polyurethane microcapsules 30~40g added per 100ml of an aqueous solution of the thickening agent and DRA 20g binder β - cyclodextrin, stirring was continued for 5min, to give a microcapsule liquid finishing.

[0016] 进一步的,所述涂层步骤中,所述基体面料的进布速率为40_50m/min。 [0016] Further, in the coating step, the base fabric of the cloth feed rate 40_50m / min.

[0017] 采用了本发明的一种驱蚊面料的技术方案,即在基体面料的上表面涂有聚氨酯微胶囊涂层,聚氨酯微胶囊涂层由聚氨酯微胶囊构成,聚氨酯微胶囊由聚氨酯乳胶颗粒,以及包覆在聚氨酯乳胶颗粒中的杀虫剂构成的技术方案。 [0017] The repellent fabric A technical solution of the present invention, i.e., the upper surface of the base fabric is coated with a polyurethane layer of microcapsules, microcapsule coating consists of a polyurethane microcapsules a polyurethane, a polyurethane microcapsules polyurethane latex particles , and coated on latex particles in the polyurethane aspect insecticide configuration. 其技术效果是:由于聚氨酯微胶囊中的聚氨酯乳胶颗粒具有由聚氨酯壳体,以及包覆在所述聚氨酯壳体外的乳化剂壳体构成的双层结构,这样可以使聚氨酯微胶囊中杀虫剂缓慢释放,起到主动驱蚊的良好效果;同时聚氨酯粘附性能好,渗透性差,因此本发明的一种驱蚊面料只有上表面涂有聚氨酯微胶囊涂层,这样在使用本发明的一种驱蚊面料时,涂有聚氨酯微胶囊涂层的上表面不与人体接触,保证了使用者的健康。 Technical effect: a polyurethane latex particles due to the microcapsules having a polyurethane two-layer structure composed of a polyurethane housing, and housing of the polyurethane covering the outer housing emulsifier, this could make the polyurethane microcapsules insecticides slow release insect repellent active play good results; polyurethane adhesive properties while good, poor permeability, so the present invention is one kind repellent fabric is coated only on the surface of the polyurethane layer of microcapsules, so that the present invention is the use of a when repellent fabric, coated with a polyurethane layer of microcapsules on the surface not in contact with the human body, to ensure that the user's health. 同时本发明的一种驱蚊面料不会因为水洗而出现驱蚊能力的明显下降。 Combination of one repellent fabrics of the present invention is not decreased because of water repellent capacity occurs. 相应地,本发明还提供了一种驱蚊面料的制备方法,包括聚氨酯微胶囊制备步骤;微胶囊整理液制备步骤和涂层步骤。 Accordingly, the present invention also provides a method for preparing a repellent fabric, comprising the step of preparing polyurethane microcapsules; microcapsule preparation step and a coating step finishing liquid. 其也能实现上述技术效果。 Which can achieve the above technical effects.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0018] 图1为本发明的一种驱蚊面料的结构示意图。 [0018] FIG. 1 structure diagram of an insect repellent fabrics of the present invention.

[0019] 图2为本发明的一种驱蚊面料中聚氨酯微胶囊的结构示意图。 [0019] The schematic structure of a polyurethane microcapsules repellent fabric 2 of the present invention FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0020] 请参阅图1和图2,本发明的发明人为了能更好地对本发明的技术方案进行理解,下面通过具体地实施例,并结合附图进行详细地说明: [0020] Please refer to FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the inventors of the present invention in order to better technical understanding of the invention, particularly by the following examples, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and will be described in detail:

[0021] 实施例1: [0021] Example 1:

[0022] 聚氨酯微胶囊制备步骤:先将2g的乳化剂OPlO加入100ml的去离子水中,配制乳化剂OPlO浓度为2g/L的乳浊液1000ml。 [0022] Polyurethane microcapsules prepared steps: first OPlO 2g emulsifier added 100ml of deionized water to prepare an emulsifier OPLO concentration of 2g / L emulsion 1000ml. 再将15g的聚乙二醇400、3g六亚甲基二异氰酸酯和15g的杀虫剂加入到所述乳浊液中,再在所述的乳浊液中加3g的海藻酸钠作为分散齐U。 Then 15g of polyethylene glycol 400,3g hexamethylene diisocyanate and 15g of insecticide added to the emulsion, and then adding 3g of sodium alginate in the emulsion as a homogeneous dispersion U. 然后,在搅拌速率为1000r/min,反应温度为70°C的反应条件下,进行乳液缩聚反应。 Then, the stirring rate of 1000r / min, under the reaction conditions of a reaction temperature of 70 ° C, the emulsion was carried out polycondensation reaction. 1.5h后,乳液缩聚反应终止。 After 1.5h, the emulsion the polycondensation reaction was terminated. 自然降温至室温后静置24h,生成聚氨酯微胶囊21的沉淀,聚氨酯微胶囊21的粒径为5〜15微米。 Natural cooling to room Wen Houjing opposite 24h, microcapsules precipitated to form a polyurethane 21, polyurethane 21 particle size of the microcapsules is 5~15 micrometers. 聚氨酯微胶囊21包括聚氨酯乳胶颗粒3以及位于聚氨酯乳胶颗粒3内的杀虫剂4。 Polyurethane microcapsules 21 include polyurethanes Polyurethanes latex particles and latex particles 3 3 4 pesticide. 聚氨酯乳胶颗粒3由聚氨酯壳体31,以及包覆在聚氨酯壳体31外的乳化剂壳体32构成。 Polyurethane latex particles 3 of a polyurethane housing 31, and a coating 31 constituting an outer casing of polyurethane emulsifier housing 32. 将上层澄清水溶液倒去,留下聚氨酯微胶囊21的沉淀备用。 The upper clear solution decanted, leaving a polyurethane microcapsules precipitated spare 21. 其中聚乙二醇400是分子量为400的聚乙二醇。 Wherein the polyethylene glycol of molecular weight 400 400 polyethylene glycol. 室温为25°C左右。 At room temperature is about 25 ° C.

[0023] 微胶囊整理液制备步骤:微胶囊整理液由聚氨酯微胶囊21、粘合剂β -环糊精、增稠剂DRA和去离子水混合配制而成。 [0023] Microcapsules were prepared finishing steps of: a polyurethane finishing liquid microcapsule 21 microcapsules, binder β - cyclodextrin, DRA thickener and deionized water were mixed preparation. 先称取增稠剂DRA15g,加入100ml去离子水中,搅拌,直至稠剂DRA在去离子水混合均匀,得到浓度为15g/L增稠剂DRA水溶液为止。 First weighed thickener DRA15g, 100ml of deionized water was added, with stirring, until the thickening agent in deionized water DRA uniformly mixed to give a concentration of up to 15g / L aqueous thickener DRA. 然后在所述的增稠剂DRA水溶液中加入聚氨酯微胶囊30g和粘合剂β -环糊精20g,继续搅拌5min,最终制得透明均匀的微胶囊整理液。 The thickening agent is then added to an aqueous solution of DRA polyurethane adhesive and microcapsules 30g β - cyclodextrin 20g, stirring was continued for 5min, the finally obtained transparent uniform microcapsule finishing solution.

[0024] 涂层步骤:将制备好的微胶囊整理液刮涂在作为基体面料I的纯棉面料的上表面,然后该面料先在85°C烘干3min,再在110-120°C下焙烘3min,接着在85〜90°C下水洗lmin,最后在85°C下再烘干3min,得到本发明的一种驱蚊面料,涂层步骤中基体面料I的进布速率为40-50m/min。 [0024] Coating Step: The prepared microcapsules were finishing a scratch on the surface of the cotton fabric substrate I of fabric, this fabric is then dried for 3min to 85 ° C, and then at 110-120 ° C in baking 3min, followed by washing with water at 85~90 ° C Lmin, and finally dried at 85 ° C 3min, to obtain a repellent fabrics of the present invention, the cloth feed rate of the coating step, the fabric base 40 is I 50m / min.

[0025] 本发明的一种驱蚊面料,包括基体面料I和位于基体面料I上表面的聚氨酯微胶囊涂层2,聚氨酯微胶囊涂层2是由聚氨酯微胶囊21构成的。 [0025] An insect repellent fabric of the present invention, includes a base fabric and the base body I I polyurethane fabric surface 2 a layer of microcapsules, the microcapsules polyurethane microcapsule coating 2 is formed of polyurethane 21.

[0026] 上述实施例中,乳化剂OPlO为壬基酚聚氧乙烯醚,增稠剂DRA为聚丙烯酸类增稠齐U,其是由德国Clariant公司生产的。 [0026] The above-described embodiments, the emulsifier OPlO nonylphenol polyoxyethylene ether, the thickener is polyacrylic acid thickening DRA homogeneous U, which is produced by the German company Clariant. 本实施例中使用的杀虫剂为拟除虫菊酯类杀虫剂。 Pesticides used in this embodiment is a pyrethroid insecticide.

[0027] 实施例2: [0027] Example 2:

[0028] 聚氨酯微胶囊制备步骤:先将2g的乳化剂OPlO加入100ml的去离子水中,配制乳化剂OPlO浓度为2g/L的乳浊液1000ml。 [0028] Polyurethane microcapsules prepared steps: first OPlO 2g emulsifier added 100ml of deionized water to prepare an emulsifier OPLO concentration of 2g / L emulsion 1000ml. 再将15g的聚乙二醇400、3g 二苯基甲烷二异氰酸酯和20g的杀虫剂加入到所述乳浊液中,再在所述的乳浊液中加3g的海藻酸钠作为分散剂。 Then 15g of polyethylene glycol 400,3g diphenylmethane diisocyanate and 20g of insecticide added to the emulsion, then the emulsion was added 3g of the sodium alginate as a dispersing agent . 然后,在搅拌速率为1000r/min,反应温度为70°C的反应条件下,进行乳液缩聚反应。 Then, the stirring rate of 1000r / min, under the reaction conditions of a reaction temperature of 70 ° C, the emulsion was carried out polycondensation reaction.

1.5h后,乳液缩聚反应终止。 After 1.5h, the emulsion the polycondensation reaction was terminated. 自然降温至室温后静置24h,生成聚氨酯微胶囊21的沉淀,聚氨酯微胶囊21的粒径为5〜15微米。 Natural cooling to room Wen Houjing opposite 24h, microcapsules precipitated to form a polyurethane 21, polyurethane 21 particle size of the microcapsules is 5~15 micrometers. 聚氨酯微胶囊21包括聚氨酯乳胶颗粒3以及位于聚氨酯乳胶颗粒3内的杀虫剂4。 Polyurethane microcapsules 21 include polyurethanes Polyurethanes latex particles and latex particles 3 3 4 pesticide. 聚氨酯乳胶颗粒3由聚氨酯壳体31,以及包覆在聚氨酯壳体31外的乳化剂壳体32构成。 Polyurethane latex particles 3 of a polyurethane housing 31, and a coating 31 constituting an outer casing of polyurethane emulsifier housing 32. 将上层澄清水溶液倒去,留下聚氨酯微胶囊21的沉淀备用。 The upper clear solution decanted, leaving a polyurethane microcapsules precipitated spare 21.

[0029] 微胶囊整理液制备步骤:微胶囊整理液由聚氨酯微胶囊21、粘合剂β -环糊精、增稠剂DRA和去离子水混合配制而成。 [0029] Microcapsules were prepared finishing steps of: a polyurethane finishing liquid microcapsule 21 microcapsules, binder β - cyclodextrin, DRA thickener and deionized water were mixed preparation. 先称取增稠剂DRA15g,加入100ml去离子水中,搅拌,直至稠剂DRA在去离子水混合均匀,得到浓度为15g/L增稠剂DRA水溶液为止。 First weighed thickener DRA15g, 100ml of deionized water was added, with stirring, until the thickening agent in deionized water DRA uniformly mixed to give a concentration of up to 15g / L aqueous thickener DRA. 然后在所述的增稠剂DRA水溶液中加入聚氨酯微胶囊35g和粘合剂β -环糊精20g,继续搅拌5min,最终制得透明均匀的微胶囊整理液。 The thickening agent is then added to an aqueous solution of DRA polyurethane adhesive and microcapsules 35g β - cyclodextrin 20g, stirring was continued for 5min, the finally obtained transparent uniform microcapsule finishing solution.

[0030] 涂层步骤:将制备好的微胶囊整理液刮涂在作为基体面料I的纯棉面料的上表面,然后该面料先在85°C烘干3min,再在110-120°C下焙烘3min,接着在85〜90°C下水洗lmin,最后在85°C下再烘干3min,得到本发明的一种驱蚊面料,涂层步骤中基体面料I的进布速率为40-50m/min。 [0030] Coating Step: The prepared microcapsules were finishing a scratch on the surface of the cotton fabric substrate I of fabric, this fabric is then dried for 3min to 85 ° C, and then at 110-120 ° C in baking 3min, followed by washing with water at 85~90 ° C Lmin, and finally dried at 85 ° C 3min, to obtain a repellent fabrics of the present invention, the cloth feed rate of the coating step, the fabric base 40 is I 50m / min.

[0031] 本实施例中使用的杀虫剂为拟除虫菊酯类杀虫剂。 [0031] Examples of pesticides used in the present embodiment is a pyrethroid insecticide.

[0032] 实施例3: [0032] Example 3:

[0033] 聚氨酯微胶囊制备步骤:先将2g的乳化剂OPlO加入100ml的去离子水中,配制乳化剂OPlO浓度为2g/L的乳浊液1000ml。 [0033] Polyurethane microcapsules prepared steps: first OPlO 2g emulsifier added 100ml of deionized water to prepare an emulsifier OPLO concentration of 2g / L emulsion 1000ml. 再将15g的聚乙二醇400、3g甲苯二异氰酸酯和25g的杀虫剂加入到所述乳浊液中,再在所述的乳浊液中加3g的海藻酸钠作为分散剂。 Then 15g of polyethylene glycol 400,3g tolylene diisocyanate and 25g of insecticide added to the emulsion and then the emulsion was added 3g of sodium alginate as a dispersing agent. 然后,在搅拌速率为lOOOr/min,反应温度为70°C的反应条件下,进行乳液缩聚反应。 Then, the stirring rate lOOOr / min, under the reaction conditions of a reaction temperature of 70 ° C, the emulsion was carried out polycondensation reaction. 1.5h后,乳液缩聚反应终止。 After 1.5h, the emulsion the polycondensation reaction was terminated. 自然降温至室温后静置24h,生成聚氨酯微胶囊21的沉淀,聚氨酯微胶囊21的粒径为5〜15微米。 Natural cooling to room Wen Houjing opposite 24h, microcapsules precipitated to form a polyurethane 21, polyurethane 21 particle size of the microcapsules is 5~15 micrometers. 聚氨酯微胶囊21包括聚氨酯乳胶颗粒3以及位于聚氨酯乳胶颗粒3内的杀虫剂4。 Polyurethane microcapsules 21 include polyurethanes Polyurethanes latex particles and latex particles 3 3 4 pesticide. 聚氨酯乳胶颗粒3由聚氨酯壳体31,以及包覆在聚氨酯壳体31外的乳化剂壳体32构成。 Polyurethane latex particles 3 of a polyurethane housing 31, and a coating 31 constituting an outer casing of polyurethane emulsifier housing 32. 将上层澄清水溶液倒去,留下聚氨酯微胶囊21的沉淀备用。 The upper clear solution decanted, leaving a polyurethane microcapsules precipitated spare 21.

[0034] 微胶囊整理液制备步骤:微胶囊整理液由聚氨酯微胶囊21、粘合剂β -环糊精、增稠剂DRA和去离子水混合配制而成。 [0034] Microcapsules were prepared finishing steps of: a polyurethane finishing liquid microcapsule 21 microcapsules, binder β - cyclodextrin, DRA thickener and deionized water were mixed preparation. 先称取增稠剂DRA15g,加入100ml去离子水中,搅拌,直至稠剂DRA在去离子水混合均匀,得到浓度为15g/L增稠剂DRA水溶液为止。 First weighed thickener DRA15g, 100ml of deionized water was added, with stirring, until the thickening agent in deionized water DRA uniformly mixed to give a concentration of up to 15g / L aqueous thickener DRA. 然后在所述的增稠剂DRA水溶液中加入聚氨酯微胶囊40g和粘合剂β -环糊精20g,继续搅拌5min,最终制得透明均匀的微胶囊整理液。 Was then added to the aqueous polyurethane thickeners DRA 40g microcapsules and a binder β - cyclodextrin 20g, stirring was continued for 5min, the finally obtained transparent uniform microcapsule finishing solution.

[0035] 涂层步骤:将制备好的微胶囊整理液刮涂在作为基体面料I的纯棉面料的上表面,然后该面料先在85°C烘干3min,再在110-120°C下焙烘3min,接着在85~90°C下水洗lmin,最后在85°C下再烘干3min,得到本发明的一种驱蚊面料,涂层步骤中基体面料I的进布速率为40-50m/min。 [0035] Coating Step: The prepared microcapsules were finishing a scratch on the surface of the cotton fabric substrate I of fabric, this fabric is then dried for 3min to 85 ° C, and then at 110-120 ° C in baking 3min, then at 85 ~ 90 ° C Lmin washed, and finally dried at 85 ° C 3min, to obtain a repellent fabrics of the present invention, the cloth feed rate of the coating step, the fabric base 40 is I 50m / min.

[0036] 本实施例中使用的杀虫剂为拟除虫菊酯类杀虫剂。 [0036] Examples of pesticides used in the present embodiment is a pyrethroid insecticide.

[0037] 必须说明的是,基体面料I不仅可以是纯棉面料,还可以是纯麻面料、涤纶面料、腈纶面料或者尼龙面料等其它面料。 [0037] It must be noted that the fabric base I may be not only cotton fabrics, may also be a hemp fabric, polyester fabric, nylon fabric or acrylic fabrics and other fabrics.

[0038] 下面对本发明的一种驱蚊面料的驱蚊效果进行评价:评价所参照的标准为AATCC135-2004 标准。 [0038] Next, the effect of one kind of mosquito repellent fabrics of the present invention were evaluated: Evaluation criteria referred AATCC135-2004 standard.

[0039] 选择攻击力合格的试虫的装入蚊虫笼,即3-5日龄的尚未吸血的白纹伊蚊雌蚊300只/笼,以及4名受试者,将依据实施例1至3的制备方法制备得到的本发明的一种驱蚊面料,以及水洗20次后的依据实施例1至3的制备方法制备得到的本发明的一种驱蚊面料,以及纯棉面料分别套于被受试者的两只手臂上,手部戴塑料手套,在蚊虫笼内停留2min,每次先做纯棉面料的试验进行空白对照后,再做本发明的一种驱蚊面料的测试。 [0039] Select qualifying test insects attack charged mosquito cage, i.e., 3-5 days old yet sucking female mosquito Aedes albopictus 300 / cage, and 4 subjects, according to Examples 1 to Example 1 a repellent fabrics of the present invention, and the cotton fabric production method of preparation 3 to obtain the method of preparation 3 a repellent fabric obtained according to the present invention, as well as after washing 20 times respectively set according to the embodiment It is the subject of two arms, the hand wearing plastic gloves, mosquito cage stay in 2min, each test cotton fabrics do first the control is performed, a test of the present invention do repellent fabric. 计数2min内受试者手臂上试虫的停落次数,如表1所示。 Count the insects on the subject within 2min arm perch times, as shown in Table 1.

[0040] 表1本发明的一种驱蚊面料使用效果列表 List repellent fabric using one kind of effect [0040] Table 1 Invention

[0041] [0041]

Figure CN103194911BD00061

纯棉面料 106 ΤΪ3 Cotton fabric 106 ΤΪ3

[0042] 由表1可以看出,本发明的一种驱蚊面料具有良好的驱蚊效果,且在水洗20次后仍具有良好的驱蚊效果。 [0042] As can be seen from Table 1 An insect repellent fabric of the present invention have good repellent effect, and still has a good repellent effect after washing 20 times.

Claims (4)

  1. 1.一种驱蚊面料的制备方法,包括下列步骤: 聚氨酯微胶囊制备步骤:先配制OP1乳化剂浓度为2g/L的乳浊液,再在每100ml的所述乳池液中加入15g的聚乙二醇400、3g的二异氰酸酯、3g的分散剂和15〜25g的杀虫齐U,然后在1000r/min的搅拌速率以及70°C的反应温度下,进行1.5h的乳液缩聚,最后自然降温,并在自然降温至室温后静置24h,得到聚氨酯微胶囊的沉淀,所述聚氨酯微胶囊是由聚氨酯乳胶颗粒,以及包覆在所述聚氨酯乳胶颗粒中的杀虫剂构成的; 微胶囊整理液制备步骤:先配制浓度为15g/L增稠剂DRA水溶液,再在每100ml的增稠剂DRA水溶液中加入30〜40g聚氨酯微胶囊和20g的粘合剂β -环糊精,继续搅拌5min,得到微胶囊整理液; 涂层步骤:基体面料的上表面刮涂上所述微胶囊整理液后,在85 °C下烘干,再在110-120°C下焙烘,然后在80〜90°C下进行水洗,最后在85°C下再次 1. A method for preparing repellent fabric, comprising the steps of: preparing polyurethane microcapsules steps: first formulated OP1 emulsifier concentration of 2g / L emulsion, then add 15g per 100ml of the liquid milk tank 400,3g of polyethylene glycol diisocyanate, 3g dispersant and 15~25g insecticidal homogeneous U, and then stirred at the reaction temperature rate of 1000r / min and 70 ° C, and polycondensation for 1.5h emulsion, and finally natural cooling and natural cooling to room Wen Houjing opposite 24h, the precipitate to give the polyurethane microcapsules, the microcapsules are polyurethane latex particles of polyurethane, and coated on latex particles in the polyurethane constituting the pesticide; micro capsules were prepared finishing steps: first prepared at a concentration of 15g / L aqueous thickener DRA, then add 20g 30~40g polyurethane microcapsules and binder β per 100ml of aqueous thickener DRA - cyclodextrin, continued stirred for 5min, to give a microcapsule liquid finishing; coating step: a base fabric on the rear upper surface of the microcapsules knife finishing liquor, dried at 85 ° C, and then baking at 110-120 ° C, and then washed with water at 80~90 ° C, and finally at 85 ° C again 烘干,得到驱蚊面料。 Drying to give a mosquito repellent fabric.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种驱蚊面料的制备方法,其特征在于:所述的分散剂为海藻酸钠。 2. A method for preparing a repellent fabric according to claim 1, wherein: the dispersing agent is sodium alginate.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的一种驱蚊面料的制备方法,其特征在于:所述的杀虫剂为拟除虫菊酯类杀虫剂。 3. Preparation method of claim 1. A repellent fabric as claimed in claim, wherein: said pesticide is a pyrethroid insecticide.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1至3中任意一项所述的一种驱蚊面料的制备方法,其特征在于:所述涂层步骤中,所述基体面料的进布速率为40-50m/min。 The production method of any one of 1 to 3, said one repellent fabric as claimed in claim, wherein: said coating step, the base fabric of the cloth feed rate of 40-50m / min.
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