CN103177711B - Novel double-cavity bottle gourd Xun - Google Patents

Novel double-cavity bottle gourd Xun Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103177711B
CN103177711B CN201310146275.1A CN201310146275A CN103177711B CN 103177711 B CN103177711 B CN 103177711B CN 201310146275 A CN201310146275 A CN 201310146275A CN 103177711 B CN103177711 B CN 103177711B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
xun
sound
epicoele
sound hole
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310146275.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103177711A (en
Inventor
王其书
Original Assignee
王其书
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 王其书 filed Critical 王其书
Priority to CN201310146275.1A priority Critical patent/CN103177711B/en
Publication of CN103177711A publication Critical patent/CN103177711A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103177711B publication Critical patent/CN103177711B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a novel double-cavity bottle gourd Xun. A volume ratio of an upper cavity to a lower cavity of the conventional double-cavity bottle gourd Xun is adjusted, so that the upper cavity is smaller than the lower cavity, and the volume ratio is 0.65-0.90; furthermore, the diameter of a wasp waist hole is adjusted; moreover, a first sound hole is uniformly divided into two small holes; therefore, the twelve-tone equal temperament can be conveniently, successfully and accurately played without a sound hole semi-closing finger method when played; the tone and the volume are uniform and are steadily transitioned; the blank that one tone is lacked when the conventional Xun is used for playing the twelve-tone equal temperament is filled; and a phenomenon that the guttural sound and the volume are small and abnormal is avoided.

Description

A kind of calabash holed wind instrument-Xun with dual cavities

technical field:

The invention belongs to a kind of calabash holed wind instrument-Xun with dual cavities in national blowing instrument.

background technology:

The blowing instrument that Xun Shi China is ancient, tone color is simple and unsophisticated, elegant, has unique charming glamour, can solo, (instrumental) ensemble, the profile of an ancient egg-shaped, holed wind instrument has multiple pattern, and spherical, pears shape etc., are single internal cavity.Hollow shell has one to six sound hole, press...with one's finger sound hole, blown by gas hole, make air vibratory sound in cavity, the range of an ancient egg-shaped, holed wind instrument is narrow, about its range only has octave, improve through many musicians in recent years, there is calabash holed wind instrument-Xun with dual cavities, add the quantity of sound hole, expand range, the sound of more than two octaves can be played, but still there are some shortcomings, as the 1st, 2 sound hole pronunciation tone colors are abnormal, with gutturophony, volume is less than normal, put down in addition and blow and over-blowing connecting points, tone color disunity, can not smooth transition, by the requirement of twelve-tone equal temperament, centre also differs from a sound.More difficultly reach promising result, therefore need be improved.

Summary of the invention:

The object of this invention is to provide tone color, volume is unification normally, accurately conveniently can play out a kind of calabash holed wind instrument-Xun with dual cavities of twelve-tone equal temperament.

Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of calabash holed wind instrument-Xun with dual cavities is made up of epicoele and cavity of resorption, epicoele has wasp waist hole to be communicated with in the middle of cavity of resorption, epicoele and lower cavity shell are distributed with 10 sound holes, epicoele top is provided with aperture blowing, it is characterized in that: first step adjustment epicoele volume and cavity of resorption volumetric ratio reach between 0.65 to 0.90, and namely epicoele volume is less than cavity of resorption volume; Second step adjustment wasp waist hole, makes over-blowing first sound sound hole full cut-off be equal to or less than minor second with the flat interval relation blowing descant sound hole standard-sized sheet.Whole 1st sound hole of 3rd step, makes the 1st sound hole be divided into two apertures, forms minor second add minor second interval relation with trunk sound.

Advantage of the present invention is tone color when playing wind instruments an ancient egg-shaped, holed wind instrument, volume is unification normally, eliminate the problem of the exception that indivedual tone color is abnormal and volume is less than normal, make the flat interval relation blowing descant sound hole standard-sized sheet and over-blowing first sound sound hole full cut-off be equal to or less than minor second interval, filled up an ancient egg-shaped, holed wind instrument and played wind instruments the blank that twelve-tone equal temperament differs from a sound.Tone color is unified, and smooth transition makes it, without sound hole semi-closure fingering, just accurately to play out twelve-tone equal temperament.

Accompanying drawing illustrates:

Fig. 1 is a kind of calabash holed wind instrument-Xun with dual cavities structural representation.

Wherein, 1-10, sound hole, 11, epicoele, 12, cavity of resorption, 13, wasp waist hole, 14, aperture blowing.

Embodiment:

The present invention implements by technique scheme, as shown in Figure 1, a kind of calabash holed wind instrument-Xun with dual cavities is made up of epicoele 11 and cavity of resorption 12, epicoele 11 has wasp waist hole 13 to be communicated with in the middle of cavity of resorption 12, epicoele 11 and cavity of resorption 12 housing are distributed with sound hole 1-10, epicoele 11 top is provided with aperture blowing 14, it is characterized in that: first step adjustment epicoele 11 volume and cavity of resorption 12 volumetric ratio reach between 0.65 to 0.90, second step adjustment wasp waist hole 13 size, makes over-blowing first sound sound hole full cut-off be equal to or less than minor second with the flat interval relation blowing descant sound hole standard-sized sheet.Whole 1st sound hole of 3rd step, makes the 1st sound hole be divided into two apertures, forms minor second add minor second interval relation with trunk sound.Be distributed in the sound hole on cavity shell, its shape is circular or oval, the size in hole slightly changes, the diameter of aperture blowing with 10 millimeter as well, like this, when both hands hold an ancient egg-shaped, holed wind instrument, ten fingers can press sound hole entirely, the energy free and relaxed sound sending more than two octaves when playing wind instruments, to play the effect of an ancient egg-shaped, holed wind instrument on music stage better.The making material of an ancient egg-shaped, holed wind instrument is except with also available hard wood and engineering plastics except pottery, stone, bone etc.

Claims (1)

1. a calabash holed wind instrument-Xun with dual cavities, be made up of epicoele (11) and cavity of resorption (12), epicoele (11) has wasp waist hole (13) to be communicated with in the middle of cavity of resorption (12), and epicoele (11), cavity of resorption (12) housing are distributed with sound hole (1-10), epicoele (11) top is provided with aperture blowing (14), it is characterized in that:
First step adjustment epicoele (11) volume and cavity of resorption (12) volumetric ratio, reach between 0.65 to 0.90;
Second step adjustment wasp waist hole (13) size, makes over-blowing first sound sound hole full cut-off be equal to or less than minor second with the flat interval relation blowing descant sound hole standard-sized sheet;
Whole 1st sound hole of 3rd step, makes the 1st sound hole be divided into two apertures.
CN201310146275.1A 2013-04-25 2013-04-25 Novel double-cavity bottle gourd Xun CN103177711B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310146275.1A CN103177711B (en) 2013-04-25 2013-04-25 Novel double-cavity bottle gourd Xun

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310146275.1A CN103177711B (en) 2013-04-25 2013-04-25 Novel double-cavity bottle gourd Xun

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103177711A CN103177711A (en) 2013-06-26
CN103177711B true CN103177711B (en) 2015-06-17

Family

ID=48637519

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310146275.1A CN103177711B (en) 2013-04-25 2013-04-25 Novel double-cavity bottle gourd Xun

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103177711B (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2069154U (en) * 1990-05-19 1991-01-09 王其书 Calabash holed wind instrument-xun with dual cavities
CN2615810Y (en) * 2003-04-04 2004-05-12 刘宽忍 Wide-diapason xun-an ancient egg-shaped holed wind instrument
CN201359842Y (en) * 2009-02-27 2009-12-09 冯斌飞 Ancient porcelain wind-instrument capable of flatness range extension
CN201369159Y (en) * 2009-03-05 2009-12-23 李海生 Ancient porcelain wind instrument
US7799980B1 (en) * 2009-04-29 2010-09-21 Norman Spencer Register Ocarina

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2069154U (en) * 1990-05-19 1991-01-09 王其书 Calabash holed wind instrument-xun with dual cavities
CN2615810Y (en) * 2003-04-04 2004-05-12 刘宽忍 Wide-diapason xun-an ancient egg-shaped holed wind instrument
CN201359842Y (en) * 2009-02-27 2009-12-09 冯斌飞 Ancient porcelain wind-instrument capable of flatness range extension
CN201369159Y (en) * 2009-03-05 2009-12-23 李海生 Ancient porcelain wind instrument
US7799980B1 (en) * 2009-04-29 2010-09-21 Norman Spencer Register Ocarina

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103177711A (en) 2013-06-26

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7910816B2 (en) Circular percusive sound generation instrument
US9679542B2 (en) Circular piano keyboard
CN204596398U (en) A kind of exercise musical instrument
KR101151231B1 (en) Reed for a saxophone
CN201060639Y (en) Electronic drumstick
EP2455935A2 (en) Nose pipe instrument capable of modulating the tone thereof
CN103208273B (en) Machining method of urheen with acoustic resonator
CN204667857U (en) A kind of two-tube trumpet
CN2847451Y (en) Electronic erhu without covering
US9361867B2 (en) Detachable shaker
US2209427A (en) Musical instrument for playing bugle calls
CN202422709U (en) Children trombone with accurate tone quality
CN202258286U (en) 16-hole 64-tone harmonica
CN200976256Y (en) 16 holes 64 tones mouth organ
CN204189433U (en) A kind of Multifunctional tone-variable drum set
KR20080041515A (en) T-type ocarina
CN103971663B (en) A kind of portative flute
CN101510422B (en) Digital electronic wind instrument
US6444891B1 (en) Electronic guitar with its keys arranged in complex array
CN201402597Y (en) Bowed string instrument
CN2904193Y (en) Huqin with sub-high frequency voice window
CN101700436B (en) Infrared inductive music playing toy
CN203217815U (en) Fingering trainer
US20100107851A1 (en) Fipple flute made active by a brass instrument mouthpiece
CN207397687U (en) A kind of 24 hole complex tone mouth organs

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant