CN103175298B - Energy-saving environment-friendly heating boiler - Google Patents

Energy-saving environment-friendly heating boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103175298B
CN103175298B CN201310133912.1A CN201310133912A CN103175298B CN 103175298 B CN103175298 B CN 103175298B CN 201310133912 A CN201310133912 A CN 201310133912A CN 103175298 B CN103175298 B CN 103175298B
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boiler body
boiler
heat exchange
water jacket
exchange box
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CN201310133912.1A
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CN103175298A (en
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宋显明
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Central service project of Jinhu County
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宋显明
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Abstract

The invention relates to an energy-saving environment-friendly heating boiler which comprises a boiler body (1) and a heat exchange box (2). The boiler body (1) is internally provided with a recycled water sleeve (3), wherein a counter-burning discharge flue (12) is formed between the recycled water sleeve (3) and the side wall of the boiler body (1). A boiler body exhaust port (13) is formed above the counter-burning discharge flue (12). A positive-burning exhaust port (14) is formed between the upper edge of the recycled water sleeve (3) and the top of the boiler body (1). A counter-positive-burning conversion overturning plate (4) is arranged on the positive-burning exhaust port (14), and a hollow fire grate (16) is arranged above an ash hearth (15). The boiler has the advantages of adequate combustion of fuel, less unburnt dust in smoke, no environment pollution, fuel saving and low using cost. Coal and other fuels in various grades can be combusted to the maximum extent. As dust generated by the adequate combustion of the fuels is little, ash is not easy to hang in the boiler, so that the boiler is easy to maintain.

Description

Energy-conserving environment-protecting heating boiler
Technical field
The present invention relates to boiler, particularly a kind of heating boiler.
Background technology
When common heating boiler uses, flue gas is directly extracted out by air-introduced machine, and the low burning of fuel burn-off rate does not fill part, and in flue gas, contained unburnt dust is more, and chimney meeting over-emitting black exhaust, both contaminated environment, waste fuel again, use cost is also high.The flue-gas temperature of discharging due to chimney is higher, and heat can not be made to be absorbed to greatest extent and utilize, and efficiency is also difficult to improve.In order to the environmental issue of solution, be allowed to use just this heating boiler must install dust collection device, do like this and can improve and install and use and operating cost.Can seem particularly important today that scarcity, fuel cost improve gradually day by day at the energy by fuel saving, improve fuel economy and just equal to reduce use cost, improve operating efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the above-mentioned shortcoming for existing heating boiler, a kind of energy-conserving environment-protecting heating boiler is provided.
Technical solution of the present invention is: it comprises boiler body and heat exchange box, the perisporium of boiler body is provided with water jacket, the middle water jacket be connected respectively with boiler body antetheca water jacket and rear wall water jacket before and after the position of a boiler body sidewall is longitudinally provided with in boiler body, middle water jacket and instead burn smokejack from being formed between the boiler body sidewall close to middle water jacket, boiler body top above anti-burning smokejack is provided with boiler body exhaust opening, be provided with between middle water jacket top and boiler body top and just burn exhaust opening, just burning smoke vent position to be provided with following rear and front end and to be hinged on boiler body antetheca and rear wall respectively, dig to seal just to burn exhaust opening, turn down and can seal the anti-burned conversion turnover panel burning smokejack, grey thorax is formed on the following bottom higher than boiler body of middle water jacket, in above ash thorax bottom water jacket with the hollow fire grate being provided with rear and front end being connected respectively with rear wall water jacket with boiler body antetheca water jacket between the boiler body sidewall away from middle water jacket.
Technique effect of the present invention is: it has fuel combustion and fills part, and in flue gas, contained unburnt dust is few, free from environmental pollution, fuel saving, the advantage that use cost is low.It can burn the coal of various class and other fuel, and makes its after-flame to greatest extent.The dust fully produced due to fuel combustion is few, is not easy dust in boiler, is also more prone to safeguard.This heating boiler even just can not make the flue gas of discharge up to standard with installation dust arrester installation, can reduce use and operating cost.Its flue gas stream and current oppositely drive in the wrong direction and heat, the temperature difference of current and air-flow is larger, heat transfer rate is faster, current can absorb the heat in air-flow to greatest extent, make final flue-gas temperature of discharging lower, most of heat that fuel combustion produces all is absorbed by current, and heat utilization ratio is higher, more energy-conservation.It adopts split-type structural, has both been convenient to mobile and transport, and has also been convenient to in-site installation.This heating boiler is higher than other heating boiler efficiency of same capacity, and the water that can heat in the unit interval is more, and the heating area that can supply is also larger.Compared with classical inverse burning boiler, it only has one deck fire grate, and structure is simpler.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is embodiment of the present invention perspective exploded sectional view.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, it comprises boiler body 1 and heat exchange box 2, the perisporium of boiler body 1 is provided with water jacket 11, the middle water jacket 3 be connected respectively with rear wall water jacket 11 with boiler body 1 antetheca water jacket 11 before and after the position of boiler body 1 one sidewalls is longitudinally provided with in boiler body 1, middle water jacket 3 and instead burn smokejack 12 from being formed between boiler body 1 sidewall close to middle water jacket 3, boiler body 1 top above anti-burning smokejack 12 is provided with boiler body exhaust opening 13, be provided with between middle water jacket 3 top and boiler body 1 top and just burn exhaust opening 14, just burning exhaust opening 14 position to be provided with following rear and front end and to be hinged on boiler body 1 antetheca and rear wall respectively, dig to seal just burning exhaust opening 14, turn down and can seal the anti-burned conversion turnover panel 4 burning smokejack 12, grey thorax 15 is formed on the following bottom higher than boiler body 1 of middle water jacket 3, in above ash thorax 15 bottom water jacket 3 with the hollow fire grate 16 being provided with rear and front end being connected respectively with rear wall water jacket 11 with boiler body 1 antetheca water jacket 11 between boiler body 1 sidewall away from middle water jacket 3.
Boiler body 1 antetheca is provided with and lays respectively at stockhole 17 above and below hollow fire grate 16 and grey thorax mouth 18, stockhole 17 and grey thorax mouth 18 is respectively equipped with and is hinged on hearth door 19 on boiler body 1 antetheca and ash chamber door 20.Hollow fire grate 16 is for low after front height or be low early and high afterly conducive to the skewed of water circulation.The cross section of the every root fire bars of hollow fire grate 16 is respectively wide at the top and narrow at the bottom and is conducive to the inverted trapezoidal that lime-ash falls to preventing from blocking gap between fire bars.It is outer and be horizontally installed with manual moving rod 31 that one end that middle water jacket 3 and boiler body 1 are hinged passes boiler body 1.Boiler body 1 instead burns in smokejack 12 and is provided with the turnover panel accumbency limited block 10 be fixed on boiler body 1 side interior wall, and boiler body 1 roof is provided with turnover panel and erects limited block.
Heat exchange box 2 is by water tank 21 and some rows of being located between the roof of water tank 21 and diapire, the fume pipe 22 that some row run through water tank 21 is up and down formed, longitudinally parallel from water inlet side to delivery port side in water tank 21 and be interval with polylith each fume pipe 22, current are turned back up and down from exhanst gas outlet side direction smoke inlet side the baffle upper plate 23 of heat exchange and chin spoiler 24 in water tank 21, two sides of baffle upper plate 23 be connected respectively with diapire with two sidewalls of water tank 21 respectively below, flow-guiding mouth 25 in top and the formation separated by a distance of water tank 21 roof, two sides of chin spoiler 24 are connected with roof with two sidewalls of water tank 21 respectively respectively with top, flow-guiding mouth 26 below and under the diapire formation separated by a distance of water tank 21, position between heat exchange box 2 roof and water tank 21 roof above each chin spoiler 24 parallels with chin spoiler 24 and is respectively equipped with polylith flue gas is turned back up and down the upper flue gas dividing plate 27 of heat exchange between the fume pipe 22 of heat exchange box 2.
Heat exchange box 2 is arranged on the top of boiler body 1, boiler body exhaust opening 13 is connected with the smoke inlet of heat exchange box 2, be provided with ash bin 5 above boiler body 1 roof, in ash bin 5, the lower position of each heat exchange box 2 baffle upper plate 23 is respectively equipped with and flue gas is turned back up and down from smoke inlet side direction exhanst gas outlet side the lower flue gas dividing plate 51 of heat exchange between the fume pipe 22 of heat exchange box 2.Position on boiler body ash bin 5 antetheca between each lower flue gas dividing plate 51 is movably installed with the cleaning door that can open deashing respectively and is separately installed with shoot door 52.Water tank 21 high position for the exhanst gas outlet side of heat exchange box 2 is provided with low temperature water inlet 28, and water tank 21 low level of heat exchange box 2 smoke inlet position is provided with high-temperature water outlet mouth 29, and high-temperature water outlet mouth 29 is connected with boiler body water jacket 11 low position inflow water mouth 6 by water pipe.A high position for boiler body water jacket 11 low position inflow water mouth 6 offside is provided with high-order delivery port 7.Angle Position on the offside that the outlet flue of heat exchange box 2 is located at heat exchange box 2 smoke inlet.
Using method: need to move manual moving rod 31 when lighting the fuel on boiler body 1 hollow fire grate 16 and make burned change turnover panel 3 to turn down to seal and instead burn smokejack 12, after fuel combustion on hollow fire grate 16 is got up, flue gas is directly discharged boiler body 1 entered heat exchange box 2 by just being burnt exhaust opening 14, and this belongs to and just burns the stage.Fuel combustion get up and formed than higher temperatures flourishing after, just can move manual moving rod 31 to make burned change turnover panel 3 to dig to seal and just burning exhaust opening 14, the flue gas produced after burner hearth fuel combustion will enter heat exchange box 2 through anti-burning smokejack 12 and boiler body exhaust opening 13 again by the fuel combustion layer on hollow fire grate 16 and the gap between hollow fire grate 16 fire bars under the effect of boiler induced-draft fan, and this belongs to Fan Shao class.In flue gas, unburnt composition can by heating second-time burning when the high-temperature region by fuel combustion layer, thus make unburnt composition the flue gas of discharging from boiler body 1 as far as possible few, so just reach flue gas improves burn-off rate object through the second-time burning of fuel high-temperature district.During anti-burning, hollow fire grate 16 must be paved with fuel, the position not spreading fuel with flue gas from hollow fire grate 16 is directly drawn onto hollow fire grate less than 16 and produces black smoke without high-temperature region second-time burning.Do not allow incendive composition also can be burned to ashes under the effect of anti-burning high-temperature flue gas for a long time in fuel, the energy making it contain is released.

Claims (9)

1. energy-conserving environment-protecting heating boiler, it comprises boiler body (1) and heat exchange box (2), the perisporium of boiler body (1) is provided with water jacket (11), the middle water jacket (3) be connected respectively with boiler body (1) antetheca water jacket (11) and rear wall water jacket (11) before and after the position of boiler body (1) sidewall is longitudinally provided with in boiler body (1), middle water jacket (3) and instead burn smokejack (12) from being formed between boiler body (1) sidewall close to middle water jacket (3), boiler body (1) top of anti-burning smokejack (12) top is provided with boiler body exhaust opening (13), be provided with between middle water jacket (3) top and boiler body (1) top and just burn exhaust opening (14), just burning exhaust opening (14) position to be provided with following rear and front end and to be hinged on boiler body (1) antetheca and rear wall respectively, dig to seal just burning exhaust opening (14), turn down and can seal anti-burned conversion turnover panel (4) burning smokejack (12), grey thorax (15) is formed on the following bottom higher than boiler body (1) of middle water jacket (3), water jacket (3) bottom and the hollow fire grate (16) being provided with rear and front end being connected respectively with boiler body (1) antetheca water jacket (11) and rear wall water jacket (11) between boiler body (1) sidewall away from middle water jacket (3) in ash thorax (15) top, it is characterized in that: heat exchange box (2) is by water tank (21) and some rows of being located between the roof of water tank (21) and diapire, the fume pipe (22) that some row run through water tank (21) is up and down formed, longitudinally parallel from water inlet side to delivery port side in water tank (21) and be interval with polylith and be positioned at each fume pipe (22), current are turned back up and down from exhanst gas outlet side direction smoke inlet side the baffle upper plate (23) of heat exchange and chin spoiler (24) in water tank (21), two sides of baffle upper plate (23) be connected respectively with diapire with two sidewalls of water tank (21) respectively below, flow-guiding mouth (25) in top and the formation separated by a distance of water tank (21) roof, two sides of chin spoiler (24) are connected with roof with two sidewalls of water tank (21) respectively respectively with top, flow-guiding mouth (26) below and under the diapire formation separated by a distance of water tank (21), between heat exchange box (2) roof and water tank (21) roof, the position of each chin spoiler (24) top parallels with chin spoiler (24) and is respectively equipped with polylith flue gas is turned back up and down the upper flue gas dividing plate (27) of heat exchange between the fume pipe (22) of heat exchange box (2).
2. energy-conserving environment-protecting heating boiler as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described boiler body (1) antetheca is provided with and lay respectively at stockhole (17) above and below hollow fire grate (16) and grey thorax mouth (18), stockhole (17) and grey thorax mouth (18) are respectively equipped with and are hinged on hearth door (19) on boiler body (1) antetheca and ash chamber door (20).
3. energy-conserving environment-protecting heating boiler as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described hollow fire grate (16) is for low after front height or be low early and high afterly conducive to the skewed of water circulation.
4. energy-conserving environment-protecting heating boiler as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that the cross section of the every root fire bars of described hollow fire grate (16) is respectively wide at the top and narrow at the bottom and is conducive to the inverted trapezoidal that lime-ash falls to preventing from blocking gap between fire bars.
5. energy-conserving environment-protecting heating boiler as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that one end that described middle water jacket (3) and boiler body (1) are hinged passes boiler body (1) and be horizontally installed with manual moving rod (31) outward.
6. energy-conserving environment-protecting heating boiler as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described boiler body (1) is counter and burn in smokejack (12) the turnover panel accumbency limited block (10) being provided with and being fixed on boiler body (1) side interior wall, boiler body (1) roof is provided with turnover panel and erects limited block.
7. energy-conserving environment-protecting heating boiler as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described heat exchange box (2) is arranged on the top of boiler body (1), boiler body exhaust opening (13) is connected with the smoke inlet of heat exchange box (2), be provided with ash bin (5) above boiler body (1) roof, the lower position of each heat exchange box (2) baffle upper plate (23) is respectively equipped with and flue gas is turned back up and down from smoke inlet side direction exhanst gas outlet side the lower flue gas dividing plate (51) of heat exchange between the fume pipe (22) of heat exchange box (2) in ash bin (5).
8. energy-conserving environment-protecting heating boiler as claimed in claim 1, the position that it is characterized in that on described boiler body ash bin (5) antetheca between each lower flue gas dividing plate (51) is movably installed with the cleaning door that can open deashing respectively and is separately installed with shoot door (52).
9. energy-conserving environment-protecting heating boiler as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that water tank (21) high position for the exhanst gas outlet side of described heat exchange box (2) is provided with low temperature water inlet (28), water tank (21) low level of heat exchange box (2) smoke inlet position is provided with high-temperature water outlet mouth (29), high-temperature water outlet mouth (29) is connected with boiler body water jacket (11) low position inflow water mouth (6) by water pipe, a high position for boiler body water jacket (11) low position inflow water mouth (6) offside is provided with high-order delivery port (7), Angle Position on the offside that the outlet flue of heat exchange box (2) is located at heat exchange box (2) smoke inlet.
CN201310133912.1A 2013-04-18 2013-04-18 Energy-saving environment-friendly heating boiler Active CN103175298B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103175298B true CN103175298B (en) 2015-07-22

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106322756A (en) * 2015-07-10 2017-01-11 截能天下(北京)科技有限公司 Semi-condensation low-nitrogen discharge gas-fired hot water boiler
CN105509311A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-04-20 吉木萨尔县庆欣养殖专业合作社 High-efficiency and energy-conservation special boiler
CN112556175B (en) * 2018-04-03 2022-04-08 山东北辰机电设备股份有限公司 Working method of energy-saving environment-friendly heating boiler with high utilization efficiency
CN113606600B (en) * 2021-09-30 2021-12-07 东营海欣热力供应有限公司 Boiler feed water preheating device

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2037817U (en) * 1988-09-30 1989-05-17 山西省农业机械化科学研究所 Multifunctional smoke-eliminating coal-burning stove
CN2045058U (en) * 1989-01-19 1989-09-27 代伯清 Front-burning / back-burning coal combustion device
CN2062013U (en) * 1989-08-12 1990-09-12 汤明 Dual-direction burner
CN2268200Y (en) * 1996-02-13 1997-11-19 于兆范 Positive-counter heating high-efficiency heating stove
CN2563457Y (en) * 2002-08-21 2003-07-30 赵彦军 Two purpose stove for cooking and heating
CN202392992U (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-08-22 任二平 Full-automatic horizontal-type hot air and hot water multipurpose boiler
CN203231531U (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-10-09 宋显明 Energy-saving and environment-friendly heating boiler

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2037817U (en) * 1988-09-30 1989-05-17 山西省农业机械化科学研究所 Multifunctional smoke-eliminating coal-burning stove
CN2045058U (en) * 1989-01-19 1989-09-27 代伯清 Front-burning / back-burning coal combustion device
CN2062013U (en) * 1989-08-12 1990-09-12 汤明 Dual-direction burner
CN2268200Y (en) * 1996-02-13 1997-11-19 于兆范 Positive-counter heating high-efficiency heating stove
CN2563457Y (en) * 2002-08-21 2003-07-30 赵彦军 Two purpose stove for cooking and heating
CN202392992U (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-08-22 任二平 Full-automatic horizontal-type hot air and hot water multipurpose boiler
CN203231531U (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-10-09 宋显明 Energy-saving and environment-friendly heating boiler

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Effective date of registration: 20201222

Address after: 211600 east side of 8th floor, No.188 Jinhu West Road, Jinhu County, Huai'an City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Central service project of Jinhu County

Address before: 157000 Bei'an Committee, Daqing office, Aimin District, Heilongjiang, Mudanjiang

Patentee before: Song Xianming