CN103149904A - Intelligent device and intelligent method for early warning and monitoring of power plant geological disasters based on Internet of Things technology - Google Patents

Intelligent device and intelligent method for early warning and monitoring of power plant geological disasters based on Internet of Things technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103149904A
CN103149904A CN2013100524835A CN201310052483A CN103149904A CN 103149904 A CN103149904 A CN 103149904A CN 2013100524835 A CN2013100524835 A CN 2013100524835A CN 201310052483 A CN201310052483 A CN 201310052483A CN 103149904 A CN103149904 A CN 103149904A
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warning
microprocessor
monitoring
module
power station
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CN2013100524835A
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CN103149904B (en
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杨俊志
门刚
侯锦
刘义
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SICHUAN ZHUNDA TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SICHUAN ZHUNDA TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent device and an intelligent method for the early warning and monitoring of power plant geological disasters based on an Internet of Things technology. The device comprises a casing and a core circuit, wherein the core circuit comprises a microprocessor, a data acquisition module, a FLASH memory, a communication module, a power supply control module and an early warning module, wherein the data acquisition module and the power supply control module are respectively connected with RS232 interfaces of the microprocessor, the FLASH memory and the communication module are respectively connected with the microprocessor by an internal bus, the early warning module is connected with an RS485 interface of the microprocessor, and a signal input end of the data acquisition module is connected with a sensor. The method comprises the following steps of monitoring a site by assemblies with minimum parameters, collecting data by the microprocessor, sending the data to a computer processing center, early warning, responding and the like. The intelligent device and the intelligent method have the advantages that early warning can be carried out on the geological disasters so as to timely construct and repair dangerous areas, thereby reducing threats to the personal safety of personnel in hydropower construction units.

Description

Intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring device and method based on thing connection technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring device and method based on thing connection technology.
Background technology
On-site data gathering, monitoring, processing, transmission technology are in a plurality of industry widespread uses; But great majority are the single-point layout, adopt wired data transfer mode, and are real based on technology of Internet of things and there is higher intelligentized monitoring equipment still to be in the immature stage.
Corresponding safe operation automatic monitoring system is not set up in relevant region, the power station of most, mostly adopts the modes such as manual patrol, casual inspection; This can not reflect the real-time change of Zone Full geological condition, thereby can not in time grasp the geologic hazard situation in area under one's jurisdiction, place.Along with the development of digital technology, the application of multiple monitoring means; , for the variation of monitoring timely and effectively geologic hazard provides effective approach, and this is also most needed safe prediction scheme of power station safe operation.
Because the construction of hydropower stations relates to qualitative change partly, and the many mountain areas of easily sending out in geologic hazard of Hydropower Station Construction, complex geologic conditions, tectonic activity is frequent, the disaster hidden danger such as avalanche, landslide, rubble flow, surface collapse, land subsidence, ground fissure are many, distribution is wide, and disguised, sudden and destructive strong, the strick precaution difficulty is large.How the power station geo-hazard early-warning should adopt the advanced technology means such as the Internet of Things communication technology, geography information (GIS), global location (GPS/ dipper system), wireless network (GPRS), wireless data LAN (ZIGBEE), remote sensing remote measurement, the cutting edge technologies such as Exploration and application Internet of Things, promoting precision and the efficient of geological hazard survey and evaluation, monitoring and warning, is open question urgently at present.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring device and method based on thing connection technology is provided, the collection of completing the geologic hazard field data, transmission, processing and output that can be accurate, real-time, when data variation meets or exceeds the preset alarm value at the scene, not only give the alarm, send simultaneously warning sign message or close on-the-spot electronic grille fence, the personnel of preventing enter the hazardous location.
the objective of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions: based on the intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring device of thing connection technology, comprise casing and movement circuit, described movement circuit comprises microprocessor, data acquisition module, the FLASH storer, communication module, energy supply control module and warning module, the signal output part of described data acquisition module is connected with the RS232 interface of microprocessor, the FLASH storer is connected with microprocessor by internal bus respectively with communication module, energy supply control module is connected with the RS232 interface of microprocessor, warning module is connected with the RS485 interface of microprocessor, the signal input part of described data acquisition module is connected with sensor.
The described communication module of this device adopts GPRS, GSM, CDMA or satellite communication.
The described energy supply control module of this device comprises solar charging/discharging controller and battery.
The described warning module of this device comprises audio alert, warning sign or electronic grille fence.
More than the described sensor of this device comprises that the three in rain sensor, displacement transducer, soil moisture content sensor and pressure transducer reaches.
The described displacement transducer of this device is the displacement transducer of 4~20mA.
The described soil moisture content sensor of this device is the soil moisture content sensor of 4~20mA.
The described pressure transducer of this device is the pressure transducer of 1~5V.
Based on the intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring method of thing connection technology, it comprises the following steps:
S1: set up the minimum parameter monitoring field: at least three kinds of sensors are set are connected to microprocessor, sensor comprises rain sensor, displacement transducer, soil moisture content sensor or pressure transducer;
S2: data acquisition module transfers to microprocessor with the field data that sensor collects;
S3: microprocessor is sent to the computing machine processing enter with the field data that receives by communication module;
S4: the computing machine processing enter is processed into the early warning result according to the early warning mathematical model, and is sent to communication module by network;
S5: the early warning result that microprocessor receives according to communication module, control warning module and make response, audio alert, light warning sign, close electronic grille fence.
The method also comprises a step that derives the Historical Monitoring data: microprocessor is derived the Historical Monitoring data by RS232 interface and computing machine com interface when receiving local data derivation instruction.
The method also comprises the step of a microprocessor Real Time Monitoring energy supply control module, the i.e. duty of Real Time Monitoring solar charging/discharging controller and battery.
the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention detects in real time the power station field data and changes, in time change information is sent to the computing machine processing enter, Computer Analysis draws the harm that may occur, thereby in time issue warning message, warning module is carried out it, at monitoring field issue warning sign, phonetic warning information, " blockade " disaster field even when serious, thereby reach the purpose of avoiding or reducing personnel's life and property loss, accomplish to give warning in advance with this, thereby in time construction maintenance is carried out in the hazardous location, to reduce the threat to the personal safety of Hydroelectric Project Construction unit personnel.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the composition frame chart of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic flow sheet of the inventive method.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the following stated.
as shown in Figure 1, intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring device based on thing connection technology, comprise casing and movement circuit, described movement circuit comprises microprocessor, data acquisition module, the FLASH storer, communication module, energy supply control module and warning module, the signal output part of described data acquisition module is connected with the RS232 interface of microprocessor, the FLASH storer is connected with microprocessor by internal bus respectively with communication module, energy supply control module is connected with the RS232 interface of microprocessor, warning module is connected with the RS485 interface of microprocessor, the signal input part of described data acquisition module is connected with sensor.
The described communication module of this device adopts GPRS, GSM, CDMA or satellite communication.
The described energy supply control module of this device comprises solar charging/discharging controller and battery.
The described warning module of this device comprises audio alert, warning sign or electronic grille fence.
More than the described sensor of this device comprises that the three in rain sensor, displacement transducer, soil moisture content sensor and pressure transducer reaches.
The described displacement transducer of this device is the displacement transducer of 4~20mA.
The described soil moisture content sensor of this device is the soil moisture content sensor of 4~20mA.
The described pressure transducer of this device is the pressure transducer of 1~5V.
As shown in Figure 2, based on the intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring method of thing connection technology, it comprises the following steps:
S1: set up the minimum parameter monitoring field: at least three kinds of sensors are set are connected to microprocessor, sensor comprises rain sensor, displacement transducer, soil moisture content sensor or pressure transducer;
S2: data acquisition module transfers to microprocessor with the field data that sensor collects;
S3: microprocessor is sent to the computing machine processing enter with the field data that receives by communication module;
S4: the computing machine processing enter is processed into the early warning result according to the early warning mathematical model, and is sent to communication module by network;
S5: the early warning result that microprocessor receives according to communication module, control warning module and make response, audio alert, light warning sign, close electronic grille fence.
The method also comprises a step that derives the Historical Monitoring data: microprocessor is derived the Historical Monitoring data by RS232 interface and computing machine com interface when receiving local data derivation instruction.
The method also comprises the step of a microprocessor Real Time Monitoring energy supply control module, the i.e. duty of Real Time Monitoring solar charging/discharging controller and battery.
Microprocessor is the nucleus equipment of whole pick-up unit, and it monitors, managing other peripherals, and microprocessor adopts 32 bit processors based on ARM7, has processing speed fast, and is low in energy consumption, and Peripheral Interface is abundant, the characteristics such as easy operating; The memory module that the FLASH storer adopts 1GB NAND FLASH and 1GB NOR FLASH to combine, rainfall data can be stored more than 5 years, had the high characteristics of reliability; This equipment has: 4 road RS-232 communication interfaces, 2 road RS-485 communication interfaces, 2 road CAN communication interfaces, 24 way switch amount input interfaces, can satisfy external unit fully to the demand of control interface.
Data acquisition module is mainly used in the field data parameter acquisitions such as rainfall displacement, soil moisture content, pressure, adopts 16 road 16BIT AD converter, has an acquisition precision high, fireballing characteristics; Have simultaneously 4 tunnel 2 lines (or 3 lines) pulsed quantity input interface, 2 tunnel pulsewidth amount input interfaces, 8 tunnel (can expand to 16 tunnel) frequency quantity input interface, 2 road analog output interface circuits, 10 way switch amount output (general digital output) interfaces, the transmission of data adopts increment control algorithm, two kinds of data of timing controlled to send trigger mechanism, and increment threshold values and timing cycle can arbitrary dispositions.
Communication module, according to the needs of actual conditions can arbitrary disposition GPRS, GSM, CDMA, 3G, big-dipper satellite data communication, when concrete the use, only need the corresponding configuration file of change to operate; Can carry out simultaneously the function of MSM note data transmitting-receiving, in order to can in time receive information a little less than the network service signal time; Support multicenter to send and the automatic switchover of active and standby channel.
Warning module is used for not only sending when data variation meets or exceeds the preset alarm value at the scene voice alarm, can also send warning sign information simultaneously or close the operation such as on-the-spot electronic grille fence.
Energy supply control module, solar charging/discharging controller and battery are used for the power supply supply of whole monitoring device, and solar powered, power consumption control is extremely low; Support power down, dormancy, permanent online three kinds of powder source management modes, can realize the two-way communication under low power mode of operation.
This device possess timer-controlled self-inspection send, crash automatically reset, site setting, power-down data protection, real-time clock calibration, the on-the-spot demonstration and the function such as testing of equipment directly perceived; Possess simultaneously that anti-deadlock measure function, initialization self-checking function, low-power consumption characteristic functions, Remote Wake Up function, remote upgrade debug function, data storage can, manually be put several functions from reporting achievement, the PSTN ring detects isolation features.

Claims (10)

1. join the intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring device of technology based on thing, comprise casing and movement circuit, it is characterized in that: described movement circuit comprises microprocessor, data acquisition module, the FLASH storer, communication module, energy supply control module and warning module, the signal output part of described data acquisition module is connected with the RS232 interface of microprocessor, the FLASH storer is connected with microprocessor by internal bus respectively with communication module, energy supply control module is connected with the RS232 interface of microprocessor, warning module is connected with the RS485 interface of microprocessor, the signal input part of described data acquisition module is connected with sensor.
2. the intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring device based on thing connection technology according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described communication module employing GPRS, GSM, CDMA or satellite communication.
3. the intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring device based on thing connection technology according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described energy supply control module comprises solar charging/discharging controller and battery.
4. the intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring device based on thing connection technology according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described warning module comprises audio alert, warning sign or electronic grille fence.
5. the intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring device based on thing connection technology according to claim 1, is characterized in that: more than described sensor comprises that the three in rain sensor, displacement transducer, soil moisture content sensor and pressure transducer reaches.
6. the intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring device based on thing connection technology according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described displacement transducer is the displacement transducer of 4~20mA; Described soil moisture content sensor is the soil moisture content sensor of 4~20mA.
7. the intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring device based on thing connection technology according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described pressure transducer is the pressure transducer of 1~5V.
8. based on the intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring method of thing connection technology, it is characterized in that: it comprises the following steps:
S1: set up the minimum parameter monitoring field: at least three kinds of sensors are set are connected to microprocessor, sensor comprises rain sensor, displacement transducer, soil moisture content sensor or pressure transducer;
S2: data acquisition module transfers to microprocessor with the field data that sensor collects;
S3: microprocessor is sent to the computing machine processing enter with the field data that receives by communication module;
S4: the computing machine processing enter is processed into the early warning result according to the early warning mathematical model, and is sent to communication module by network;
S5: the early warning result that microprocessor receives according to communication module, control warning module and make response, audio alert, light warning sign, close electronic grille fence.
9. the intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring method based on thing connection technology according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: it also comprises a step that derives the Historical Monitoring data: microprocessor is derived the Historical Monitoring data by RS232 interface and computing machine com interface when receiving local data derivation instruction.
10. the intelligent power station geo-hazard early-warning monitoring method based on thing connection technology according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: it also comprises the step of a microprocessor Real Time Monitoring energy supply control module, the i.e. duty of Real Time Monitoring solar charging/discharging controller and battery.
CN201310052483.5A 2013-02-18 2013-02-18 Intelligent device and intelligent method for early warning and monitoring of power plant geological disasters based on Internet of Things technology Expired - Fee Related CN103149904B (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN103453936A (en) * 2013-08-28 2013-12-18 兰州大学 Debris flow disaster early monitoring system based on internet of things
CN103544810A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-29 西南科技大学 Mudslide short-term and impending prewarning method based on Beidou satellite and GPRS
CN103914952A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-09 华北水利水电大学 Mountain torrent geological disaster monitoring device based on Internet of Things
CN104464249A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-03-25 重庆多邦科技发展有限公司 Telemetry terminal machine with low cost, low power consumption, small size and small system
CN104697577A (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-06-10 阎戈卫 Beidou communication-based water regime telemetry system
CN104809768A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-29 吉林大学 Oil field equipment inspection system and method based on Beidou satellite
CN108717772A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-10-30 湖北思高科技发展有限公司 A kind of geological disaster monitoring system based on Internet of Things
CN111721920A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-09-29 中国水利水电科学研究院 Hydro-fluctuation belt soil moisture monitoring system and monitoring method thereof

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CN202677574U (en) * 2012-04-09 2013-01-16 雷霖 Geological disaster monitoring early warning full-function node apparatus based on ZigBee and GSM technology
CN203178766U (en) * 2013-02-18 2013-09-04 四川准达科技有限责任公司 Intelligent power station geological disaster early warning monitoring device based on IOT technology

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103453936A (en) * 2013-08-28 2013-12-18 兰州大学 Debris flow disaster early monitoring system based on internet of things
CN103544810A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-29 西南科技大学 Mudslide short-term and impending prewarning method based on Beidou satellite and GPRS
CN103544810B (en) * 2013-10-15 2015-11-25 西南科技大学 A kind of rubble flow based on big-dipper satellite and GPRS is short faces method for early warning
CN104697577A (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-06-10 阎戈卫 Beidou communication-based water regime telemetry system
CN103914952A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-09 华北水利水电大学 Mountain torrent geological disaster monitoring device based on Internet of Things
CN103914952B (en) * 2014-04-16 2017-01-18 华北水利水电大学 Mountain torrent geological disaster monitoring device based on Internet of Things
CN104464249A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-03-25 重庆多邦科技发展有限公司 Telemetry terminal machine with low cost, low power consumption, small size and small system
CN104809768A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-29 吉林大学 Oil field equipment inspection system and method based on Beidou satellite
CN108717772A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-10-30 湖北思高科技发展有限公司 A kind of geological disaster monitoring system based on Internet of Things
CN111721920A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-09-29 中国水利水电科学研究院 Hydro-fluctuation belt soil moisture monitoring system and monitoring method thereof

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