CN103136101A - Software automated testing unified operation platform - Google Patents

Software automated testing unified operation platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103136101A
CN103136101A CN2012105895112A CN201210589511A CN103136101A CN 103136101 A CN103136101 A CN 103136101A CN 2012105895112 A CN2012105895112 A CN 2012105895112A CN 201210589511 A CN201210589511 A CN 201210589511A CN 103136101 A CN103136101 A CN 103136101A
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China
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software
virtual machine
server
service
test
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CN2012105895112A
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Chinese (zh)
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不公告发明人
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博彦科技(上海)有限公司
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Priority to CN2012105895112A priority Critical patent/CN103136101A/en
Publication of CN103136101A publication Critical patent/CN103136101A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a software automated testing unified operation platform. The software automated testing unified operation platform is characterized by comprising a server and a terminal. The server provides hardware and software environment operating on a virtual machine for development, installation, operation and test of various pieces of software. The server provides instruction operating interfaces of independent establishing, improving and updating of the hardware and software environment on the virtual machine for development, installation, operation and test workers of the various pieces of software. The software automated testing unified operation platform comprises downloading or uploading of installation and applications on the virtual machine, and further comprises building, downloading and uploading of an adaptor. The software automated testing unified operation platform has the advantages of achieving unification of the testing platform, reducing testing cost and helping medium-sized and small enterprises break through testing barriers.

Description

Software automated testing is unified operation platform
Technical field
The invention discloses software automated testing and unify operation platform, belong to the software testing technology field.
Background technology
Current, cloud computing technology becomes the study hotspot of IT field.Present cloud computing product and technical scheme emerge in an endless stream, and both at home and abroad research institution, IT software and hardware producer, standardization body, open source software are organized all in very positive release cloud computing product and technical solution.This report is learning with on the basis of decorrelation cloud computing technology data, product white paper and soft manual, hope concludes, arranges and analyze existing product and technical solution, the clear understanding of realization to various product is so that choice and operation.
Cloud computing is the product that the traditional calculations machine technology such as grid computing, Distributed Calculation, parallel computation, effectiveness calculating, the network storage, virtual, load balancing and network technical development merge.It is intended to by network, the relatively low computational entity of a plurality of costs is integrated into a perfect system with powerful calculating ability, and by the advanced persons' such as SaaS, PaaS, IaaS, MSP business model, this powerful computing power is distributed in terminal user's hand.The core concept of Cloud Computing is exactly by improving constantly the processing power of " cloud ", and then the processing load of minimizing user terminal, finally make user terminal be simplified to a simple input-output device, and can enjoy as required the powerful computing ability of " cloud ".
Since new century, China's economic presents the situation of rapid growth, and the 6th from the world of economic total volume rises to the 4th, has 100 multiple product output to occupy prostatitis, the world; Manufacturing and the research and development of some major technologies and equipments have obtained substantial progress; The hi-tech industry scale occupies the third place in the world, export volume row the second in the world.China huge domestic market, abundant sector application attracted a large amount of transnational enterprise's layout China services outsourcings market, thereby promoted the ability that the international service outsourcing is accepted by China, promoted application and the industry development in China services outsourcing market.The Gartner research report shows, China is an emerging but divided outsourcing market of opening.Rarely its IT of local Chinese companies outsourcing runs business, yet many transregional companys are entering Chinese market, and they have given global service provider its IT operation outsourcing, and wherein great majority provide the commercial city to set up powerful service basic in China.
Although suffer the impact of financial crisis, the data demonstration of national the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Chinese software industry still outshines others, and amplification continues to remain on the run at high level more than 20%.
All previous global economic crisis is all to walk out under the drive of scientific and technical innovation, and expedites the emergence of out some new industries.2008, " earth of wisdom (Smarter Planet) " development strategy that IBM proposes was subject to the great attention of U.S. government, has risen to the national strategy of the U.S.." earth of wisdom " proposition " embeds inductor and be provided in the various objects such as electrical network, railway, bridge, tunnel, highway, building, water system, dam, oil and gas pipes, and generally being connected, forming so-called " Internet of Things ".And by supercomputer and cloud computing, " Internet of Things " integrated, realize the integration of human society and physical system; In November, 2009, in give priority to future seven great strategy new industries are listed " intelligent grid ", " information network " by China.Along with the U.S., China national implementation, " wisdom " infrastructure relevant to this strategy will be considerably beyond the internet.Therefore, the China services outsourcing emerging market take cloud computing, Internet of Things, intelligent grid sector application etc. as important directions also will welcome explosive development opportunity.
Chinese march to fairly comfortable life from having enough to eat and wear, and people more pay attention to the raising of quality of life---pursue and enjoy save time more, laborsaving, light, happy various methods of service.Internet, sensor, radio communication are passed through the fast development of decades, and its application has entered among each corner of serving people's social life.Experienced the change of computing machine to means of communication, sensor is evolved to the various sensations that substitute the people, it is more convenient and easy that radio communication makes the mankind link up, change each time the service impression that all makes people and obtain unprecedented satisfied and raising, promote conversely further developing of information technology service market.computing machine, the internet, the application of radio communication is more simple and convenient, obtain various information as online, there is no nowhere contact means at all times, the industrial mode of production that robotization is unmanned, the communication capacity in broadband and sensor miniaturization popularity etc., or complex technique is applied to the new services content, as sound, light, electricity, the advanced technology integrated uses such as magnetic are in finance, traffic, the energy, study, the service fields such as amusement, how to reduce costs, the demand that adapts to a large amount of service sectors, especially to the security of data, privacy, and centralization super large system (cloud computing, Internet of Things) reliability of operation, versatility, maintainability, compatible, interoperability and testability etc., all have higher requirement.Yet, present fast-developing infotech exposes many weak points in being applied to production and life link process, demand Improvement and perfection in addition urgently, such as the segmentation of the expression of information service demand and excavation, information service market and exploitation, infotech to the fast transfer of practicality, delivery capability of information service knowledge and skills etc.Therefore; following 10 years; based on environmental protection and the consideration that economizes on resources; consuming manpower and resource is that the service sector that main product manufacturing industry can drive to infotech is fast shifted; product will be only to occur as the form of a service carrier, and the complicacy of infotech and polytrope necessarily require that the service supplier provides timely, careful, very careful, intimate service.The integrated information service system that comprises cloud computing and Internet of Things will be towards synthesization more, maximization, universalization, modularization and intelligentized future development, function in integrated information service system, performance and reliability, maintainability, protection, testability and comprehensive effectiveness also breakthrough leap will occur, and information service synthesization technology will be to the depth ﹠ wideth development of human being's production life.
Along with the development of cloud computing technology, socialization, intensive software service system have become realizes information service synthesization, intelligentized basis, is also the core of information service system.Commerce services pattern take download as form is directly connected to the development model of software industry, how further to improve practicality, the adaptability and ageing of software service system from market study, Service Design, be that pendulum needs to study and solve new problem in face of us.How software provides and to solve different, the careful small but very practical information tool of many types---software more nearly as the prolongation of human brain and staff for the mankind.Need a large amount of knowledge labors, expert system, service market to learn research, service psychoanalysis and service-oriented software architecture innovation.
Internet of Things is being born important course---perception, transmission and the intelligence that product manufacturing industry transforms to service.Owing to adopting the physics and chemistry sensor obtaining information that substitutes people's sensation, make originally to rely on the mode of people's duplication of labour to obtain basic improvement.It is the same that yet machine can not replace human brain work fully just, the reliability of sensor, consistance, data preparation, excavation after the systematicness of data acquisition and accurate transmission, even intelligentized exploitation, analysis and utilization raw data become Internet of Things really can obtain the market condition of immense success.Product in traditional sense obtains the tremendous increase of value of services in the deep application of Internet of Things---and the service after intelligent grid, intelligent transportation, intelligent medical, Smart Home, intelligent business are intelligent product invariably embodies.Begin to carry out embedded software developing, middleware, database, high-end applications system, the information communication service of thing phase, the huge challenge that the sector application Integration Services all exists research field from the perception end of Internet of Things, need to obtain experience in constantly advancing.
The cloud computing product is component software and the large class of hardware product two substantially.Wherein hardware product is the equipment with distributed parallel computing power that mainly depends on the facing cloud feature that the provider of large server equipment realizes, representative has IBM, SUM, dawn machine etc.Software product is the main flow of cloud computing product, comprise Virtual Machine Manager platform, data storing platform, Distributed Computing Platform etc., the platform that mainly contains has the blue cloud of Azure platform, Amazon service (Amazon AWS), IBM of Google application software engine (Google App Engine), Microsoft, the ISF of Platform Computing and the cloud product of VMware.Simultaneously, domestic friendly system and beauteously gloomy company also walking aspect the cloud storage in the forward position of cloud development.
Propose cloud computing technology from Google, till now, the IT enterprises of a nearly all line all play an active part in and enter this piece emerging field in the world, and propose the cloud computing framework of oneself according to own traditional technical field and market strategy.They the cloud computing feature mining of the product before a large amount of and technology out, as virtual, the distributed memory system of software, set up the cloud computing product line of oneself on this basis by deep-cutting technical foundation.
Google App Engine does not use Intel Virtualization Technology, its cloud computing theory is that the strategy with main flow company is opposite, although the platform that its present stage provides can provide ready-made online application external member for the user, but also be subject to a lot of restrictions, the programming language (only supporting Java and Python) of wherein supporting is exactly its very large inferior position very little.And owing to there is no local side, application program can only be accessed computing machine in the internet by the network address crawl that provides and E-mail service, and this also brings some inconvenience to the user.
The same with Google, the product of Amazon is not sold at home.But it is worth mentioning that Amazon as e-commerce company, it is very outstanding that the security of its cloud platform is done, for also having given the user more right to choose in the configuration of platform.In addition, Amazon oneself is as the application person, and its platform has the opening of height, but do not support luxuriant and rich with fragrance relevant database, also virtual support technology not, in addition, Amazon has some special memory requirements, needs to consider to use required amount of bandwidth and computing time.
The characteristic of the cloud platform maximum of Microsoft is its " cloud+end " thought, the Azure service platform both can be called down beyond the clouds, also can be called by local system, that is to say that the user can realize the cloud computing exploitation under the version+Cloudservice+AzureSdk more than VS.NET2008.But in general, the software of Microsoft's cloud platform is " Microsoftization " too, and compatible relatively poor for other company's products for example do not supported Java, do not support the non-relational database yet.
From using, EC2 attracts resource-intensive software, use etc. as enterprise, and the application of Azure is mainly the user group who serves LAN or working group's pattern.
The core of the cloud computing of VMware is virtual, and virtual architecture technology is done well, but a little less than opening, does not support specific development.
Platform has very strong technical force in the HPC field, just self poisoning is transitioned into cloud computing from grid computing, and its application at home has super calculation center, Beijing, but super calculation center main will be take mathematical computations as main, data volume is smaller, and the kind of calculating is also relatively concentrated, and referential is little.
The ComputingonDemand of IBM is mainly for high-performance calculation, such as genome modeling of automobile and space industry analog computation, life science etc.And its location is high-end server, compares the scheme with other companies, and cost performance is hard to say.
From cloud storage aspect, it is very outstanding that two domestic companies all do.But there is an obvious advantage in friendly system: its DataCell DB is particularly useful for the application scenarios of mass small documents storage and inquire.This is that other file block storage system is not available.
There are some cloud platforms in the prior art field, for example, Salesforce CRM(customer relation management) belong to SaaS layer in cloud computing, mainly to use by the CRM that disposes customizable in cloud, allow the enterprise customer in the situation that very low initial input is used CRM, and can customize neatly according to the flow process of self, and only need access network just can use.The authentication arithmetic of this cloud platform is deployed in administration and supervision authorities, and security intensity is lower; Its data framework does not adopt three horizontal one vertical systems clearly.
In the software development field tests, industry not yet discloses any cloud service platform.Use for reference the cloud framework of non-software development field tests, build a brand-new software development test cloud, this is a technical barrier of this area.Build " development and testing cloud " solution Proof of Concept environment for Government and enterprise, can guarantee that it can externally carry out software demonstration, for the software development test provides virtual hardware and software environment, reduce the cost of software development test.In addition, prior art also is not disclosed as the interface of the software of the open remote testing User Exploitation of third party user, and described user can't open the remote testing authority to described third party user; Prior art is the interface of the test process of the open long-range software of not viewing and emulating or browse User Exploitation of third party user, and described user haves no right to open the described long-range authority of viewing and emulating or browsing to described third party user.Also there are a lot of defectives in the Frame Design of prior art, retractility, extendability, data coupling, adaptivity and security mechanism.
In a word, prior art can not realize that software development, test, remote distributed mandate test, test view and emulate the demand that is unified in a platform, can not automatically configure, the hardware and software development environment of extending user demand.
Summary of the invention
the invention discloses software automated testing and unify operation platform, its software test on virtual machine support the user from the third party upload, down load application, the autonomous Extraordinary test environment that creates, and support the user to set up data and command mappings, data and instruction interoperation relation by adapter between heterogeneous database or heterogeneous applications, realize integrated form but not the test environment of cumulative formula, it is characterized in that, described software automated testing is unified operation platform and is comprised server and terminating machine, described server is the exploitation of various softwares, install, operation, test provides the hardware and software that operates on virtual machine environment, and described server is the exploitation of various softwares, install, operation, the tester is provided on described virtual machine and independently creates, perfect, the upgrade command operating interface of described hardware and software environment, be included in and download on virtual machine or upload to install and use, also comprise establishment, download, upload adapter, and realize different data format by described adapter, instrument, use, operation, the interoperability of flow process on heterogeneous software, and the software that a plurality of different editions are installed simultaneously is as test environment, after described terminating machine was completed the software of remote virtual machine or hardware environment customization, described server be described terminating machine establishment remote virtual machine automatically, when described virtual machine moved on hardware server according to described terminating machine user's instruction, the running environment of described virtual machine association, functional module, data, knowledge component, instrument, application combination, operating system, historical data, record of the audit were unified and move on new hardware server.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, after the user of described virtual machine pays the expense of buying separate hardware, the running environment of described virtual machine association, functional module, data, knowledge component, instrument, application combination, operating system, historical data, record of the audit are unified storage, install, operate on a separate hardware, and offer described user; Described user in the service data on described separate hardware in described separate hardware by network insertion after described server, automatic synchronization is to described virtual machine; The service data that the latter produces also described separate hardware by network insertion after described server automatic synchronization on described separate hardware.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described platform is supported an audit manual testing's method, comprises the test job of recording each tester, assesses each tester's achievement; Also support a kind of towards the website, graphical modeling tool test case and the executable program creation method of database, software, program product automatic test, the method comprises the steps:
S1. on the graphic interface that a terminating machine comprises, shows, plays, shows, throws in, carry out structured modeling to being distributed on the control object that needs to test in website on virtual machine, database, software, program product;
S2. test case/step/flow process is carried out graphical modeling;
S3. the modeler model according to S2 generates test code automatically, the code of the automatic test cases that automatic generation can independently be carried out;
S4., the mechanism of carrying out described code, automatically reporting test result is set on virtual machine.
described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described server connects by network, be divided into the basic Cloud Server memory block of clustering, the operation Cloud Server memory block of clustering, the former comprises development of virtual machine storage unit, the knowledge component storage unit of shared drive, the survey virtual machine storage unit of shared drive, the latter comprises the storage unit of various virtual machines, cooperative development personnel's terminating machine, according to or the storage unit of many virtual machines in the operation Cloud Server memory block of granted access clustering, the virtual machine that the operation Cloud Server memory block of terminating machine by each comfortable clustering of hardware encipher device access creates, arbitrarily the user accesses the knowledge component storage unit in the basic Cloud Server memory block of clustering, uploads or download knowledge component, the test virtual machine storage unit of shared drive is to remote testing personnel's terminating machine, the long-range terminating machine open interface of viewing and emulating personnel, and latter's test, the authority of viewing and emulating are authorized by the test virtual machine storage unit of shared drive, virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of clustering creates, keeps, expands, revises the hardware environment of software development, test, and exploitation, the test data that these storage unit produce is stored in the development of virtual machine storage unit, the test virtual machine storage unit of shared drive of shared drive of the basic Cloud Server memory block of clustering, described knowledge component storage unit is deposited software development, is tested the application, data, program, plug-in unit, the knowledge combination that need, the development of virtual machine storage unit of shared drive is connected with the application program shop server, and the former issues application to the latter, perhaps buys application from the latter, the basic Cloud Server memory block of described clustering, be provided with data-mapping between the operation Cloud Server memory block of clustering, redundancy scheme, interface on the operation Cloud Server memory block of the basic Cloud Server memory block of described clustering and described clustering, flow process, instrument, data, method, operation is mapped on the other side's storer mutually, realize the virtualization applications of hardware environment, log audit mechanism is set up to the operation note of terminating machine in the operation Cloud Server memory block of described clustering, and data are carried out redundancy backup, supply user's recovery of described terminating machine or give historical data for change.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering provides the display layer service to described terminating machine, display layer HTML display page, enrich the function of the Web page with JavaScript, control the outward appearance of the Web page with CSS, with RIA(Rich Internet Applications) technology, comprise that the Flash technology improves the page bandwagon effect of HTML technology, enrich the page programming of C# with Silverlight; Virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering provides the middleware layer service to described terminating machine, comprise buffer memory service and REST service, and these services both can be used for supporting display layer, also can directly allow the user call, middleware layer allows the independent application example be a plurality of organization service with many tenants technology, use the distributed caching technology, reduce the pressure of background server, provide different user and different application to use simultaneously the mechanism of same buffered, and to different user and different application, carry out data isolation according to authority; Virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering is to the provide infrastructures layer service of described terminating machine, prepare its required calculating and storage resources for top middleware layer or user, expansion and management optimization have been done with RDBMS on original relevant database basis, comprise the establishment microkernel architecture, make original relevant database micromodule; More interfaces are set, as being authentication and log recording increase interface; Make data height object oriented file, make development environment height object-oriented, build highly flexible application program and service; The target that infrastructure layer also can't satisfy with NoSQL technology implementation relation database, it is used in the rear end of cloud platform, built the buffer platform to share standard, third party API, third party's query interface, not only being responsible for filtering the third party uses, also be responsible for opening and closing the third party and use, avoid the stability that whole database is impacted in the disposal of third party's application; Virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering provides the administration and supervision authorities service to described terminating machine, with the virtual machine of SLA monitoring tools to operation at all levels, performance monitoring is carried out in service and application, makes them can be in the situation that satisfy predefined SLA(Service Level Agreement) move; The storage that administration and supervision authorities consume each user with the charging management tool, calculating, time, application, Service Source are added up, and establish the standard of collecting the charges to the user.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described server is connected wireless with terminating machine or cable network connects; Described server provides hardware environment, the software environment of software development test to terminating machine by virtual machine, described terminating machine is used for showing the development and testing man-machine interface, receives the development and testing instruction; Described man-machine interface comprises the quick operating mode of following functional module: the virtual machine setting, reconnect, start, restart, stop, shutting down, preserve, recover; Described interface also comprises following descriptive information: tenant's title, project name, user's name, operating system, CPU, internal memory, hard disk; Described server comprises four application layers: display layer, middleware layer, infrastructure layer, administration and supervision authorities; Three first layers is horizontal, is used for providing cloud computing ability and user interface; The 4th layer is longitudinally, is used for administering and maintaining three first layers; The authentication arithmetic of described system is deployed in described infrastructure layer or middleware layer;
The security authentication mechanism of described hardware system comprises: when terminating machine is unified the server end of operation platform by the described software automated testing of access to netwoks, the described hardware encipher equipment of the described terminating machine connection of described server access or prestowage carries out authentication.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described hardware encipher equipment starts after the user inputs password, and transfers the authentication information that is stored in described hardware encipher equipment and carry out long-distance identity-certifying after scanning input skin corium fingerprint.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described network connects and comprises LAN (Local Area Network), internet, VPN, telecommunications network, Broadcasting Cable Network, 3G net, 4G net, wireless Internet.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described server comprises computing machine, Cloud Server, intelligent equipment for surfing the net.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described terminating machine comprises computing machine, notebook computer, smart mobile phone, game machine, televisor.
particularly, software automated testing of the present invention is unified operation platform and is comprised server and terminating machine, described server connects by network, be divided into the basic Cloud Server memory block of clustering, the operation Cloud Server memory block of clustering, the former comprises development of virtual machine storage unit, the knowledge component storage unit of shared drive, the survey virtual machine storage unit of shared drive, the latter comprises the storage unit of various virtual machines, cooperative development personnel's terminating machine, according to or the storage unit of many virtual machines in the operation Cloud Server memory block of granted access clustering, the virtual machine that the operation Cloud Server memory block of terminating machine by each comfortable clustering of hardware encipher device access creates, arbitrarily the user accesses the knowledge component storage unit in the basic Cloud Server memory block of clustering, uploads or download knowledge component, the test virtual machine storage unit of shared drive is to remote testing personnel's terminating machine, the long-range terminating machine open interface of viewing and emulating personnel, and latter's test, the authority of viewing and emulating are authorized by the test virtual machine storage unit of shared drive, virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of clustering creates, keeps, expands, revises the hardware environment of software development, test, and exploitation, the test data that these storage unit produce is stored in the development of virtual machine storage unit, the test virtual machine storage unit of shared drive of shared drive of the basic Cloud Server memory block of clustering, described knowledge component storage unit is deposited software development, is tested the application, data, program, plug-in unit, the knowledge combination that need, the development of virtual machine storage unit of shared drive is connected with the application program shop server, and the former issues application to the latter, perhaps buys application from the latter, the basic Cloud Server memory block of described clustering, be provided with data-mapping between the operation Cloud Server memory block of clustering, redundancy scheme, interface on the operation Cloud Server memory block of the basic Cloud Server memory block of described clustering and described clustering, flow process, instrument, data, method, operation is mapped on the other side's storer mutually, realize the virtualization applications of hardware environment, log audit mechanism is set up to the operation note of terminating machine in the operation Cloud Server memory block of described clustering, and data are carried out redundancy backup, supply user's recovery of described terminating machine or give historical data for change.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering provides the display layer service to described terminating machine, display layer HTML display page, enrich the function of the Web page with JavaScript, control the outward appearance of the Web page with CSS, with RIA(Rich Internet Applications) technology, comprise that the Flash technology improves the page bandwagon effect of HTML technology, enrich the page programming of C# with Silverlight; Virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering provides the middleware layer service to described terminating machine, comprise buffer memory service and REST service, and these services both can be used for supporting display layer, also can directly allow the user call, middleware layer allows the independent application example be a plurality of organization service with many tenants technology, use the distributed caching technology, reduce the pressure of background server, provide different user and different application to use simultaneously the mechanism of same buffered, and to different user and different application, carry out data isolation according to authority; Virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering is to the provide infrastructures layer service of described terminating machine, prepare its required calculating and storage resources for top middleware layer or user, expansion and management optimization have been done with RDBMS on original relevant database basis, comprise the establishment microkernel architecture, make original relevant database micromodule; More interfaces are set, as being authentication and log recording increase interface; Make data height object oriented file, make development environment height object-oriented, build highly flexible application program and service; The target that infrastructure layer also can't satisfy with NoSQL technology implementation relation database, it is used in the rear end of cloud platform, built the buffer platform to share standard, third party API, third party's query interface, not only being responsible for filtering the third party uses, also be responsible for opening and closing the third party and use, avoid the stability that whole database is impacted in the disposal of third party's application; Virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering provides the administration and supervision authorities service to described terminating machine, with the virtual machine of SLA monitoring tools to operation at all levels, performance monitoring is carried out in service and application, makes them can be in the situation that satisfy predefined SLA(Service Level Agreement) move; The storage that administration and supervision authorities consume each user with the charging management tool, calculating, time, application, Service Source are added up, and establish the standard of collecting the charges to the user.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described server is connected wireless with terminating machine or cable network connects; Described server provides hardware environment, the software environment of software development test to terminating machine by virtual machine, described terminating machine is used for showing the development and testing man-machine interface, receives the development and testing instruction; Described man-machine interface comprises the quick operating mode of following functional module: the virtual machine setting, reconnect, start, restart, stop, shutting down, preserve, recover; Described interface also comprises following descriptive information: tenant's title, project name, user's name, operating system, CPU, internal memory, hard disk; Described server comprises four application layers: display layer, middleware layer, infrastructure layer, administration and supervision authorities; Three first layers is horizontal, is used for providing cloud computing ability and user interface; The 4th layer is longitudinally, is used for administering and maintaining three first layers; The authentication arithmetic of described system is deployed in described infrastructure layer or middleware layer;
The security authentication mechanism of described hardware system comprises: when terminating machine is unified the server end of operation platform by the described software automated testing of access to netwoks, the described hardware encipher equipment of the described terminating machine connection of described server access or prestowage carries out authentication.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described hardware encipher equipment starts after the user inputs password, and transfers the authentication information that is stored in described hardware encipher equipment and carry out long-distance identity-certifying after scanning input skin corium fingerprint.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described network connects and comprises LAN (Local Area Network), internet, VPN, telecommunications network, Broadcasting Cable Network, 3G net, 4G net, wireless Internet.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described server comprises computing machine, Cloud Server, intelligent equipment for surfing the net.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described terminating machine comprises computing machine, notebook computer, smart mobile phone, game machine, televisor.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described application program shop server is third-party server.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described software development is the software development of natural language programming.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described software test is by hardware environment and the software environment of the virtual machine allocation test in the operation Cloud Server memory block of described clustering, and after the user paid to the resource of allotment, described test could start; After described terminating machine was completed the software of software development or test or hsrdware requirements customization, described server created for described terminating machine the virtual machine that carries out described software development or test automatically; After the user of described virtual machine paid buying expenses, the running environment that described virtual machine is corresponding, functional module, data, instrument or system were unified storage, install, operate on a separate hardware, and offer described user; Described user in the software development on described separate hardware, test data in described separate hardware by network insertion after described server, automatic synchronization is to described virtual machine; The software development that the latter produces, test data also described separate hardware by network insertion after described server automatic synchronization on described separate hardware.
The present invention has also developed a kind of test cloud system, it is characterized in that, described cloud system comprises server and terminating machine, and described server is connected wireless with terminating machine or cable network connects; Described server provides hardware environment, the software environment of software development test to terminating machine by virtual machine, described terminating machine is used for showing the development and testing man-machine interface, receives the development and testing instruction; Described man-machine interface comprises the quick operating mode of following functional module: the virtual machine setting, reconnect, start, restart, stop, shutting down, preserve, recover; Described interface also comprises following descriptive information: tenant's title, project name, user's name, operating system, CPU, internal memory, hard disk; Described server comprises four application layers: display layer, middleware layer, infrastructure layer, administration and supervision authorities; Three first layers is horizontal, is used for providing cloud computing ability and user interface; The 4th layer is longitudinally, is used for administering and maintaining three first layers; The authentication arithmetic of described system is deployed in described infrastructure layer or middleware layer; The method of operating of described development and testing cloud system comprises the steps:
The first, terminating machine is logon server through safety certification;
The second, the user completes the first virtual machine setting by the hardware and software environment of terminating machine configuration software exploitation on server;
The 3rd, the user carries out software development on the first virtual machine;
The 4th, the user completes the second virtual machine setting by the hardware and software environment of terminating machine configuration software test on server;
The 5th, the user carries out software test on the second virtual machine;
The 6th, the user downloads the software of its exploitation, perhaps described software distribution at least one APP shop;
Described system is the interface of the software of the described User Exploitation of the open remote testing of third party user, and described user has the right to open the remote testing authority to described third party user;
Described system is the interface of the test process of the open long-range software of viewing and emulating or browse described User Exploitation of third party user, and described user has the right to open the described long-range authority of viewing and emulating or browsing to described third party user;
Described system provides knowledge component free or paying for described user of some encapsulation, and described knowledge component comprises data, program, document, plug-in unit, module, instrument; Described system opens the interface of uploading, issue other knowledge components to described user;
The calculating that described system uses the user, storage, time, Internet resources, application, service, knowledge component To Implement Pre are paid, the binding bank card is entrusted and withholdd, the user confirms three kinds of modes of payment after bill;
Described security of system mechanism comprises: during the server end of terminating machine by the described development and testing cloud system of access to netwoks, the customer end adopted system central controlled security configuration in backstage of system manages, comprise browser sandbox, safe lane, three kinds of security configuration technology of membership qualification proof, described qualification proof technology adopts the mode of infrared scan finger skin corium fingerprint to carry out safety certification; Described terminating machine user obtains intelligent aaS(Intelligence-aas based on web 2.0 by server) service, the latter controls by communication interface and guarantees that Internet service provider provides authenticity, neutrality, the opening of information; Lower one deck SaaS of intelligence aaS comprises that safety is as the Security-aaS service of service, the latter comprise virus killing as service, fire wall as service, encrypt as service, safety certification as service, the digital signature mechanism as service, not only protect the safety of software self, also protect terminal user's data, authority, communication security; PaaS service below SaaS comprises rear end isolation safe service; Below PaaS, the IaaS security mechanism of background service end and data center comprises that system upgrade and the security patch of security control, the cloud rear end of security control, the cloud storage of security control, the network management of security control, the resource virtualizing of infrastructure control, prevent security control, believable Intel Virtualization Technology, believable Data Protection Technologies, believable cloud computing architecture technology that provider attacks.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that, described network connects and comprises LAN (Local Area Network), internet, VPN, telecommunications network, Broadcasting Cable Network, 3G net, 4G net, wireless Internet; Described display layer carries out Pages Design and control with HTML, JavaScript, CSS.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that described server comprises computing machine, Cloud Server; Described display layer also carries out Pages Design and control with Flash, RIA, Silverlight.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that described terminating machine comprises computing machine, notebook computer, smart mobile phone, game machine, server, televisor; Described middleware layer is responsible for providing distributed caching service and REST service.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that, described middleware layer also is responsible for providing many tenant's services.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that described middleware layer is responsible for providing the parallel processing service.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that, described infrastructure layer is that middleware layer or user prepare its required calculating and storage resources with Intel Virtualization Technology, distributed storage technology, RDBMS.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that, described administration and supervision authorities comprise Account Administration, SLA monitoring, accounting management, safety management, load balancing management submodule.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that, described system utilizes the Hyper-V Intel Virtualization Technology of Microsoft on the basis of bottom server hardware, storage and network and load-balancing device, the computational resource of bottom is virtual.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system, it is characterized in that, described system carries out unified authentication management by Active Directory, System Center system O﹠M external member with Microsoft's enterprise-level is carried out mobilism, manages end to end, monitors, disposes and is configured, thereby forms the resource pool of mobilism; Described system provides Visual Studio Team Foundation trusteeship service in the described resource pool that builds, and utilizes Lab Management that the virtual test management is provided; The person in charge of the project of research and development of software team can with the resource dynamic in described resource pool distribute to the program member, described program member can directly use described resource to carry out demand management, code development, software test and project management; The dynamic data module of described system is built by the Dynamic Datacenter Toolkit of Microsoft; The user of described development and testing cloud can also pass through by the various functions that Self-Service portal accesses dynamic data center provides the work in every task in the life cycle management of ALM software; Described system carries out self-defined by the API that the Dynamic Datacenter Toolkit of Microsoft provides to Self-Service door and the ALM functional module on upper strata, to satisfy different project demands, make all functions all offer the final user by the Self-Service door with the form of Web, avoid the final user directly to contact data center infrastructure when satisfying user software development and testing hardware and software environment.
Again particularly, the invention also discloses and a kind ofly operate in described software automated testing and unify development and testing cloud system on operation platform, it is characterized in that, described cloud system comprises four application layers: display layer, middleware layer, infrastructure layer, administration and supervision authorities; Three first layers is horizontal, is used for providing cloud computing ability and user interface; The 4th layer is longitudinally, is used for administering and maintaining three first layers.
Described display layer carries out Pages Design and control with HTML, JavaScript, CSS.
Described display layer also carries out Pages Design and control with Flash, RIA, Silverlight.
Described middleware layer is responsible for providing distributed caching service and REST service.
Described middleware layer also is responsible for providing many tenant's services.
Described middleware layer is responsible for providing the parallel processing service.
Described infrastructure layer is that middleware layer or user prepare its required calculating and storage resources with Intel Virtualization Technology, distributed storage technology, RDBMS.
Described administration and supervision authorities comprise Account Administration, SLA monitoring, accounting management, safety management, load balancing management submodule.
Described system utilizes the Hyper-V Intel Virtualization Technology of Microsoft on the basis of bottom server hardware, storage and network and load-balancing device, the computational resource of bottom is virtual.
Described system carries out unified authentication management by Active Directory, carries out mobilism, manages end to end, monitors, disposes and configures with the System Center system O﹠M external member of Microsoft's enterprise-level, thereby form the resource pool of mobilism.
Described system provides Visual Studio Team Foundation trusteeship service in the described resource pool that builds, and utilizes Lab Management that the virtual test management is provided; The person in charge of the project of research and development of software team can with the resource dynamic in described resource pool distribute to the program member, described program member can directly use described resource to carry out demand management, code development, software test and project management.
The dynamic data module of described system is built by the Dynamic Datacenter Toolkit of Microsoft.The user of described development and testing cloud can also pass through by the various functions that Self-Service portal accesses dynamic data center provides the work in every task in the life cycle management of ALM software.Described system carries out self-defined by the API that the Dynamic Datacenter Toolkit of Microsoft provides to Self-Service door and the ALM functional module on upper strata, to satisfy different project demands, make all functions all offer the final user by the Self-Service door with the form of Web, avoid the final user directly to contact data center infrastructure when satisfying user's needs, realize the safe and efficient test of software development fast.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
the present embodiment discloses software automated testing and has unified operation platform, its software test on virtual machine support the user from the third party upload, down load application, the autonomous Extraordinary test environment that creates, and can be set up data and command mappings, data and instruction interoperation relation by adapter by the user between heterogeneous database or heterogeneous applications, realize integrated form but not the test environment of cumulative formula, it is characterized in that, described software automated testing is unified operation platform and is comprised server and terminating machine, described server is the exploitation of various softwares, install, operation, test provides the hardware and software that operates on virtual machine environment, and described server is the exploitation of various softwares, install, operation, the tester is provided on described virtual machine and independently creates, perfect, the upgrade command operating interface of described hardware and software environment, be included in and download on virtual machine or upload to install and use, also comprise establishment, download, upload adapter, and realize different data format by described adapter, instrument, use, operation, the interoperability of flow process on heterogeneous software, and the software that a plurality of different editions are installed simultaneously is as test environment, after described terminating machine was completed the software of remote virtual machine or hardware environment customization, described server be described terminating machine establishment remote virtual machine automatically, when described virtual machine moved on hardware server according to described terminating machine user's instruction, the running environment of described virtual machine association, functional module, data, knowledge component, instrument, application combination, operating system, historical data, record of the audit were unified and move on new hardware server.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, after the user of described virtual machine pays the expense of buying separate hardware, the running environment of described virtual machine association, functional module, data, knowledge component, instrument, application combination, operating system, historical data, record of the audit are unified storage, install, operate on a separate hardware, and offer described user; Described user in the service data on described separate hardware in described separate hardware by network insertion after described server, automatic synchronization is to described virtual machine; The service data that the latter produces also described separate hardware by network insertion after described server automatic synchronization on described separate hardware.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described platform is supported an audit manual testing's method, comprises the test job of recording each tester, assesses each tester's achievement; Also support a kind of towards the website, graphical modeling tool test case and the executable program creation method of database, software, program product automatic test, the method comprises the steps:
S1. on the graphic interface that a terminating machine comprises, shows, plays, shows, throws in, carry out structured modeling to being distributed on the control object that needs to test in website on virtual machine, database, software, program product;
S2. test case/step/flow process is carried out graphical modeling;
S3. the modeler model according to S2 generates test code automatically, the code of the automatic test cases that automatic generation can independently be carried out;
S4., the mechanism of carrying out described code, automatically reporting test result is set on virtual machine.
It is characterized in that, described hardware system comprises server and terminating machine, and described terminating machine is after customization is completed to software or hsrdware requirements, and described server be described terminating machine establishment remote virtual machine automatically; After the user of described virtual machine pays buying expenses, the running environment of described virtual machine association, functional module, data, knowledge component, instrument, application combination or operating system are unified storage, install, operate on a separate hardware, and offer described user; Described user in the service data on described separate hardware in described separate hardware by network insertion after described server, automatic synchronization is to described virtual machine; The service data that the latter produces also described separate hardware by network insertion after described server automatic synchronization on described separate hardware.
Described software automated testing is unified exploitation, the test that operation platform is not limited to software.
The electronic equipment remote customisation of specific software and hardware configuration, unified purchasing demand also can be used the technology of the present embodiment; also include the protection domain of this patent in; namely customize from network the software and hardware configuration of an electronic equipment, then buy this electronic equipment, also fall into the protection domain of this patent.
The present embodiment also discloses a kind of development and testing cloud system, it is characterized in that, described cloud system comprises server and terminating machine, and described server is connected wireless with terminating machine or cable network connects; Described server provides hardware environment, the software environment of software development test to terminating machine by virtual machine, described terminating machine is used for showing the development and testing man-machine interface, receives the development and testing instruction; Described man-machine interface comprises the quick operating mode of following functional module: the virtual machine setting, reconnect, start, restart, stop, shutting down, preserve, recover; Described interface also comprises following descriptive information: tenant's title, project name, user's name, operating system, CPU, internal memory, hard disk; Described server comprises four application layers: display layer, middleware layer, infrastructure layer, administration and supervision authorities; Three first layers is horizontal, is used for providing cloud computing ability and user interface; The 4th layer is longitudinally, is used for administering and maintaining three first layers; The authentication arithmetic of described system is deployed in described infrastructure layer or middleware layer; The method of operating of described development and testing cloud system comprises the steps:
The first, terminating machine is logon server through safety certification;
The second, the user completes the first virtual machine setting by the hardware and software environment of terminating machine configuration software exploitation on server;
The 3rd, the user carries out software development on the first virtual machine;
The 4th, the user completes the second virtual machine setting by the hardware and software environment of terminating machine configuration software test on server;
The 5th, the user carries out software test on the second virtual machine;
The 6th, the user downloads the software of its exploitation, perhaps described software distribution at least one APP shop;
Described system is the interface of the software of the described User Exploitation of the open remote testing of third party user, and described user has the right to open the remote testing authority to described third party user;
Described system is the interface of the test process of the open long-range software of viewing and emulating or browse described User Exploitation of third party user, and described user has the right to open the described long-range authority of viewing and emulating or browsing to described third party user;
Described system provides the knowledge component of some encapsulation for described user charges, and described knowledge component comprises data, program, document, plug-in unit, module, instrument; Described system opens the interface of uploading, issue other knowledge components to described user;
The calculating that described system uses the user, storage, time, Internet resources, application, service, knowledge component are carried out the binding bank card and are entrusted the mode of withholing to collect the charges;
Described security of system mechanism comprises: during the server end of terminating machine by the described development and testing cloud system of access to netwoks, the customer end adopted system central controlled security configuration in backstage of system manages, comprise browser sandbox, safe lane, three kinds of security configuration technology of membership qualification proof, described qualification proof technology adopts the mode of infrared scan finger skin corium fingerprint to carry out safety certification; Described terminating machine user obtains intelligent aaS(Intelligence-aas based on web 2.0 by server) service, the latter controls by communication interface and guarantees that Internet service provider provides authenticity, neutrality, the opening of information; Lower one deck SaaS of intelligence aaS comprises that safety is as the Security-aaS service of service, the latter comprise virus killing as service, fire wall as service, encrypt as service, safety certification as service, the digital signature mechanism as service, not only protect the safety of software self, also protect terminal user's data, authority, communication security; PaaS service below SaaS comprises rear end isolation safe service; Below PaaS, the IaaS security mechanism of background service end and data center comprises that system upgrade and the security patch of security control, the cloud rear end of security control, the cloud storage of security control, the network management of security control, the resource virtualizing of infrastructure control, prevent security control, believable Intel Virtualization Technology, believable Data Protection Technologies, believable cloud computing architecture technology that provider attacks.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that described network is connected to the internet; Described display layer carries out Pages Design and control with HTML, JavaScript, CSS.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that described server comprises computing machine, Cloud Server; Described display layer also carries out Pages Design and control with Flash, RIA, Silverlight.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that described terminating machine comprises computing machine, notebook computer, smart mobile phone, game machine, server, televisor; Described middleware layer is responsible for providing distributed caching service and REST service.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that, described middleware layer also is responsible for providing many tenant's services.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that described middleware layer is responsible for providing the parallel processing service.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that, described infrastructure layer is that middleware layer or user prepare its required calculating and storage resources with Intel Virtualization Technology, distributed storage technology, RDBMS.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that, described administration and supervision authorities comprise Account Administration, SLA monitoring, accounting management, safety management, load balancing management submodule.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system is characterized in that, described system utilizes the Hyper-V Intel Virtualization Technology of Microsoft on the basis of bottom server hardware, storage and network and load-balancing device, the computational resource of bottom is virtual.
Described a kind of development and testing cloud system, it is characterized in that, described system carries out unified authentication management by Active Directory, System Center system O﹠M external member with Microsoft's enterprise-level is carried out mobilism, manages end to end, monitors, disposes and is configured, thereby forms the resource pool of mobilism; Described system provides Visual Studio Team Foundation trusteeship service in the described resource pool that builds, and utilizes Lab Management that the virtual test management is provided; The person in charge of the project of research and development of software team can with the resource dynamic in described resource pool distribute to the program member, described program member can directly use described resource to carry out demand management, code development, software test and project management; The dynamic data module of described system is built by the Dynamic Datacenter Toolkit of Microsoft; The user of described development and testing cloud can also pass through by the various functions that Self-Service portal accesses dynamic data center provides the work in every task in the life cycle management of ALM software; Described system carries out self-defined by the API that the Dynamic Datacenter Toolkit of Microsoft provides to Self-Service door and the ALM functional module on upper strata, to satisfy different project demands, make all functions all offer the final user by the Self-Service door with the form of Web, avoid the final user directly to contact data center infrastructure when satisfying user software development and testing hardware and software environment.
The system architecture of the present embodiment mainly can be divided into four layers, wherein there are three layers to be horizontal, respectively display layer, middleware layer and infrastructure layer, can provide very abundant cloud computing ability and friendly user interface by this three-layer technology, also having one deck is longitudinally, being called administration and supervision authorities, is to exist in order to administer and maintain better horizontal three layers.
The development and testing cloud system of the present embodiment comprises one from service door, is used for operational administrative, approval process, project process form, resource panel board, security control, alarm, notice; Described from service door access dynamic data center module, ALM module; Described ALM module is used for project implementation management, demand management, Version Control, test and management, automatic structure, form, also is used for the access Visual Studio of Microsoft; Described dynamic data center module is used for monitoring, deployment, configuration, safety; Described dynamic data center module, ALM module access architecture layer, described architecture layer connection server, storer, the network equipment, load-balancing device.
The security mechanism of native system comprises: the terminal user is by the server end of this development and testing of access to netwoks cloud system, and the central controlled secure configuration management in customer end adopted backstage adopts browser sandbox, safe lane, membership qualification Proof Technology.The main visible intelligent aaS(Intelligence-aas based on web 2.0 of terminal user) service, it guarantees that Internet service provider provides authenticity, neutrality, the opening of information.Its lower one deck is the SaaS service, comprise that safety is as the Security-aaS service of service, namely kill virus and serve as service, signature conduct as service, encryption conduct service, safety certification as service, fire wall, not only guarantee the safety of software self, also guarantee terminal user's data, authority, the safety of communication.Be the PaaS service below SaaS, comprise rear end isolation safe service.Be the IaaS safety technique of background service end and data center below PaaS, comprise safety technique, believable Intel Virtualization Technology, believable Data Protection Technologies, believable cloud computing framework that the system upgrade of safety technique, cloud rear end of safety technique, network management technology, the cloud storage of safety technique, the resource virtualizing of infrastructure and security patch technology, weaving provider attacks.
Embodiment 2
the present embodiment relates to software automated testing and unifies operation platform, it is characterized in that, described hardware system comprises server and terminating machine, described server connects by network, be divided into the basic Cloud Server memory block of clustering, the operation Cloud Server memory block of clustering, the former comprises development of virtual machine storage unit, the knowledge component storage unit of shared drive, the survey virtual machine storage unit of shared drive, the latter comprises the storage unit of various virtual machines, cooperative development personnel's terminating machine, according to or the storage unit of many virtual machines in the operation Cloud Server memory block of granted access clustering, the virtual machine that the operation Cloud Server memory block of terminating machine by each comfortable clustering of hardware encipher device access creates, arbitrarily the user accesses the knowledge component storage unit in the basic Cloud Server memory block of clustering, uploads or download knowledge component, the test virtual machine storage unit of shared drive is to remote testing personnel's terminating machine, the long-range terminating machine open interface of viewing and emulating personnel, and latter's test, the authority of viewing and emulating are authorized by the test virtual machine storage unit of shared drive, virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of clustering creates, keeps, expands, revises the hardware environment of software development, test, and exploitation, the test data that these storage unit produce is stored in the development of virtual machine storage unit, the test virtual machine storage unit of shared drive of shared drive of the basic Cloud Server memory block of clustering, described knowledge component storage unit is deposited software development, is tested the application, data, program, plug-in unit, the knowledge combination that need, the development of virtual machine storage unit of shared drive is connected with the application program shop server, and the former issues application to the latter, perhaps buys application from the latter, the basic Cloud Server memory block of described clustering, be provided with data-mapping between the operation Cloud Server memory block of clustering, redundancy scheme, interface on the operation Cloud Server memory block of the basic Cloud Server memory block of described clustering and described clustering, flow process, instrument, data, method, operation is mapped on the other side's storer mutually, realize the virtualization applications of hardware environment, log audit mechanism is set up to the operation note of terminating machine in the operation Cloud Server memory block of described clustering, and data are carried out redundancy backup, supply user's recovery of described terminating machine or give historical data for change.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering provides the display layer service to described terminating machine, display layer HTML display page, enrich the function of the Web page with JavaScript, control the outward appearance of the Web page with CSS, with RIA(Rich Internet Applications) technology, comprise that the Flash technology improves the page bandwagon effect of HTML technology, enrich the page programming of C# with Silverlight; Virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering provides the middleware layer service to described terminating machine, comprise buffer memory service and REST service, and these services both can be used for supporting display layer, also can directly allow the user call, middleware layer allows the independent application example be a plurality of organization service with many tenants technology, use the distributed caching technology, reduce the pressure of background server, provide different user and different application to use simultaneously the mechanism of same buffered, and to different user and different application, carry out data isolation according to authority; Virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering is to the provide infrastructures layer service of described terminating machine, prepare its required calculating and storage resources for top middleware layer or user, expansion and management optimization have been done with RDBMS on original relevant database basis, comprise the establishment microkernel architecture, make original relevant database micromodule; More interfaces are set, as being authentication and log recording increase interface; Make data height object oriented file, make development environment height object-oriented, build highly flexible application program and service; The target that infrastructure layer also can't satisfy with NoSQL technology implementation relation database, it is used in the rear end of cloud platform, built the buffer platform to share standard, third party API, third party's query interface, not only being responsible for filtering the third party uses, also be responsible for opening and closing the third party and use, avoid the stability that whole database is impacted in the disposal of third party's application; Virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering provides the administration and supervision authorities service to described terminating machine, with the virtual machine of SLA monitoring tools to operation at all levels, performance monitoring is carried out in service and application, makes them can be in the situation that satisfy predefined SLA(Service Level Agreement) move; The storage that administration and supervision authorities consume each user with the charging management tool, calculating, time, application, Service Source are added up, and establish the standard of collecting the charges to the user.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described server is connected wireless with terminating machine or cable network connects; Described server provides hardware environment, the software environment of software development test to terminating machine by virtual machine, described terminating machine is used for showing the development and testing man-machine interface, receives the development and testing instruction; Described man-machine interface comprises the quick operating mode of following functional module: the virtual machine setting, reconnect, start, restart, stop, shutting down, preserve, recover; Described interface also comprises following descriptive information: tenant's title, project name, user's name, operating system, CPU, internal memory, hard disk; Described server comprises four application layers: display layer, middleware layer, infrastructure layer, administration and supervision authorities; Three first layers is horizontal, is used for providing cloud computing ability and user interface; The 4th layer is longitudinally, is used for administering and maintaining three first layers; The authentication arithmetic of described system is deployed in described infrastructure layer or middleware layer;
The security authentication mechanism of described hardware system comprises: when terminating machine is unified the server end of operation platform by the described software automated testing of access to netwoks, the described hardware encipher equipment of the described terminating machine connection of described server access or prestowage carries out authentication.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described hardware encipher equipment starts after the user inputs password, and transfers the authentication information that is stored in described hardware encipher equipment and carry out long-distance identity-certifying after scanning input skin corium fingerprint.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described network connects and comprises LAN (Local Area Network).
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described server comprises Cloud Server.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described terminating machine comprises computing machine.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described application program shop server is third-party server.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described software development is the software development of natural language programming.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described software test is by hardware environment and the software environment of the virtual machine allocation test in the operation Cloud Server memory block of described clustering, and after the user paid to the resource of allotment, described test could start; After described terminating machine was completed the software of software development or test or hsrdware requirements customization, described server created for described terminating machine the virtual machine that carries out described software development or test automatically; After the user of described virtual machine paid buying expenses, the running environment that described virtual machine is corresponding, functional module, data, instrument or system were unified storage, install, operate on a separate hardware, and offer described user; Described user in the software development on described separate hardware, test data in described separate hardware by network insertion after described server, automatic synchronization is to described virtual machine; The software development that the latter produces, test data also described separate hardware by network insertion after described server automatic synchronization on described separate hardware.
The software section of the present embodiment utilizes Visual Studio 2010 to carry out the development and testing cloud system that cloud computing environment is built.Its display layer represents the required content of user in close friend's mode, and can use the many services that following middleware layer provides, display layer HTML display page, the Web page technology of standard, now mainly take HTML4 as main, but the HTML5 that will release can promote the development of the Web page aspect a lot, such as aspects such as video and local storages.Display layer enriches the function of the Web page with JavaScript: it is a kind of dynamic language for the Web page, and main framework has jQuery and Prototype, and the present embodiment is selected eQuery.Display layer is controlled the outward appearance of the Web page with CSS, carry out controlled gracefulness between the content that makes the page and its form of expression and separate with beautifying.Display layer RIA(Rich Internet Applications) technology comprises that the Flash technology improves the page bandwagon effect of HTML technology.Display layer also enriches the page programming of C# with Silverlight.
The middleware layer of the present embodiment is formed a connecting link, provide many services on the basis of resource that infrastructure layer provides below, comprise buffer memory service and REST service, and these services namely can be used for supporting display layer, also can directly allow the user call, five kinds of technology of main use: middleware layer is by the REST technology, and part service convenient and that grazioso middleware layer is supported offers caller.Middleware layer allows an independent application example can be a plurality of organization service with many tenants technology, and keeps good isolation and security, and by this technology, can effectively reduce purchasing and maintenance cost of application.Middleware layer is processed the data of magnanimity with parallel processing technique, utilize huge X86 cluster to carry out huge parallel processing.Middleware layer is done to a certain degree optimization for cloud computing with application server on the basis of original application server, the Jetty application server that is used for Google App Engine is exactly this class server, can be deployed in the middleware layer of the present embodiment.Middleware layer distributed caching technology, the pressure of reduction background server is accelerated corresponding reaction velocity, and foremost distributed caching example is no more than Memcached.The technology that the distributed caching of the present embodiment provides different user and different application to use simultaneously same buffered, and to different user and different application, carry out data isolation according to authority, in the situation that guarantee that data security has greatly reduced the data pressure of buffer memory.
Infrastructure layer prepares the resources such as its required calculating and storage for top middleware layer or user, four kinds of technology have mainly been used: " many tenants " of Intel Virtualization Technology coupling infrastructure layer, because pass through Intel Virtualization Technology, can generate a plurality of virtual machines on a physical server, and can realize comprehensively isolation between these virtual machines, the acquisition cost of server can not only be lowered like this, and the O﹠M cost of server can also be reduced simultaneously.Infrastructure layer also will guarantee the manageability of these data simultaneously, so need a whole set of distributed storage system with the data of distributed storage carrying magnanimity; The present embodiment reduces the repeated storage number of times to the identical data fragment in the technical data slot comparison integration technology of having developed of the GFS of Google distributed storage.Infrastructure layer has been made the optimization of the aspects such as expansion and management on the basis of original relevant database of RDBMS, make it more adapt to management data in cloud, mainly comprise the establishment microkernel architecture, make original relevant database micromodule; More interfaces are set, as being authentication and log recording increase interface; Make data height object oriented file, make development environment height object-oriented, build highly flexible application program and service.Infrastructure layer satisfies with the NoSQL technology target that some relational databases can't satisfy, such as the data, services that supports magnanimity etc.Some companies have specially designed a collection of database that is not based on relational model, such as the BigTable of Google and the Cassandra of Facebook etc.They are used for supporting the non-relational data storage of magnanimity.The present embodiment and the difference of their maximum are, NoSQL is mainly used in the rear end of cloud platform, and when using popular key/Value Data storehouse technology, built the buffer platform to share standard, third party API, third party's query interface, not only being responsible for filtering the third party uses, also be responsible for opening and closing the third party and use, avoid the stability that whole database is impacted in the disposal of third party's application.
Administration and supervision authorities are above-mentioned three layers of service, and give these three layers the multiple instrument that the aspect such as administers and maintains is provided, mainly contain the instrument of following these six aspects: the Account Administration instrument is by optional safety certification pattern, realize Account Administration and login, and safer biological identification is the safety certification pattern of acquiescence; Described biological identification is preferably the safety certification of noctovisor scan skin corium finger print data, does not read the Epidermal Fingerprint data, does not also read the finger print data of the non-human body.Administration and supervision authorities are with the SLA monitoring tools virtual machine to operation at all levels, and the monitoring of aspect of performance is carried out in service and application etc., make them can be in the situation that satisfy predefined SLA(Service Level Agreement) move.The storage that administration and supervision authorities consume each user with the charging management tool, calculating, time, application, Service Source etc. are added up, come to collect the charges to the user exactly, this accounting management instrument provides calculating and the charge platform of a neutrality, allow the supplier of any storage, calculating, time, application, Service Source to carry out cost accounting and charge to user's operation, thereby guarantee the infinite expanding of platform.The safety management instrument of administration and supervision authorities: the IT resources such as data, application and account number are taked comprehensive protection; make it avoid the infringement of offender and rogue program; this safety management instrument not only allows the supplier of any storage, calculating, time, application, Service Source to enable separately security mechanism on its platform, and allows them to select general safety management instrument from its platform.The load balancing instrument of administration and supervision authorities is realized load balancing by dealing with emergency case traffic distribution for a Multi-instance of using or serving.The O﹠M management tool of administration and supervision authorities makes O﹠M operate specialty and robotization as much as possible, reduces the O﹠M cost of cloud computing center.
Embodiment 3
the present embodiment relates to a kind of software automated testing and unifies operation platform, it is characterized in that, described software automated testing is unified operation platform and is comprised server and terminating machine, described server is the exploitation of various softwares, install, operation, test provides the hardware and software that operates on virtual machine environment, and described server is the exploitation of various softwares, install, operation, the tester is provided on described virtual machine and independently creates, perfect, the upgrade command operating interface of described hardware and software environment, be included in and download on virtual machine or upload to install and use, also comprise establishment, download, upload adapter, and realize different data format by described adapter, instrument, use, operation, the interoperability of flow process on heterogeneous software, and the software that a plurality of different editions are installed simultaneously is as test environment, after described terminating machine was completed the software of remote virtual machine or hardware environment customization, described server be described terminating machine establishment remote virtual machine automatically, when described virtual machine moved on hardware server according to described terminating machine user's instruction, the running environment of described virtual machine association, functional module, data, knowledge component, instrument, application combination, operating system, historical data, record of the audit were unified and move on new hardware server.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, after the user of described virtual machine pays the expense of buying separate hardware, the running environment of described virtual machine association, functional module, data, knowledge component, instrument, application combination, operating system, historical data, record of the audit are unified storage, install, operate on a separate hardware, and offer described user; Described user in the service data on described separate hardware in described separate hardware by network insertion after described server, automatic synchronization is to described virtual machine; The service data that the latter produces also described separate hardware by network insertion after described server automatic synchronization on described separate hardware.
Described software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described platform is supported an audit manual testing's method, comprises the test job of recording each tester, assesses each tester's achievement; Also support a kind of towards the website, graphical modeling tool test case and the executable program creation method of database, software, program product automatic test, the method comprises the steps:
S1. on the graphic interface that a terminating machine comprises, shows, plays, shows, throws in, carry out structured modeling to being distributed on the control object that needs to test in website on virtual machine, database, software, program product;
S2. test case/step/flow process is carried out graphical modeling;
S3. the modeler model according to S2 generates test code automatically, the code of the automatic test cases that automatic generation can independently be carried out;
S4., the mechanism of carrying out described code, automatically reporting test result is set on virtual machine.
That is to say, the manual testing that the present embodiment support can be checked also supports the software implementation test of robotization, and the instrument of software automatic test generates by the instrument on virtual machine, the addressee who automatically sends to virtual machine to arrange from test result.
The present embodiment also unifies to disclose on operation platform development and testing cloud system towards Microsoft's development teams at software automated testing.SaaS layer in the present embodiment is used by the CRM that disposes customizable in cloud, allows the enterprise customer in the situation that very low initial input is used CRM, and can customize neatly according to the flow process of self, and only need access network just can use.The major technique that its each operation layer adopts comprises: display layer: based on HTML, JavaScript and CSS exploitation.Middleware layer: at this layer, introduce many tenants kernel and pass through for supporting this kernel operation the application server that customizes.Infrastructure layer: still use oracle database very common in corporate environment in the rear end, but it has done a lot of cloud computing structure optimizations for the many tenants kernel that supports the upper strata.Administration and supervision authorities: aspect safety management, the present embodiment provides the multilayer protection, and supports the SSL encryption technology, in addition, and in the technology of this three aspects: Application Example 1 of account management, accounting management and load balancing.
The present embodiment build development environment as follows:
Hardware requirement
1.????CPU:P4
2. internal memory: 2G
3. hard disk: 120G
4. server: IIS
Software requirement
(1)Visual?Studio?.NET?2008/2010
(2).NET?Framework?3.5
(3)Windows?Communications?Foundation
(4)ADO.NET
(5)ADO.NET?Data?Services
(6)Web?services?(REST,?SOAP)
(7)XML
(8)ASP.NET
(9).NET?security
(10)SQL?Server?database?development
VS 2010 provides the kit of cloud computing exploitation, debugging, deployment, management, can significantly shorten the construction cycle that cloud is used.Moreover, VS2010 has also comprised following cloud application development tool:
(1) masterplate of C# and VB cloud service project;
(2) instrument of change Service Role setting;
(3) Development Fabric and Development Storage service are integrated in local exploitation;
(4) debugging to Cloud Service Roles under Development Fabric;
(5) set up the cloud service software package;
(6) browse Azure Services Developer Portal.
The development and testing cloud solution of the present embodiment builds based on Microsoft's server platform, on the basis of bottom server hardware, storage and network and load-balancing device, utilize the Hyper-V Intel Virtualization Technology of Microsoft, the computational resource of bottom is virtual, carry out unified authentication management by Active Directory, System Center system O﹠M external member with Microsoft's enterprise-level is carried out mobilism, manages end to end, monitors, disposes and is configured, thereby forms the resource pool of mobilism.
Visual Studio Team Foundation trusteeship service is provided in the resource pool that builds, and has utilized Lab Management that the virtual test management is provided.The person in charge of the project of research and development of software team can be with the project officer that distributes to of the resource dynamic in resource pool, and the program member can directly use these empty machine resources to carry out the work such as demand management, code development, software test and project management.
The dynamic data central tool bag that the dynamic data module is provided free by Microsoft (Dynamic Datacenter Toolkit) builds, DDTK comprises the code that some are relevant, the guidance of framework and document make the user can be fast build cloud service on the basis of and System Center virtual at Hyper-V.
The user of development and testing cloud can also pass through with the various functions that mistake Self-Service portal accesses dynamic data center provides the work in every task in the life cycle management of ALM software.Can be by the API that provides in DDTK carry out self-defined to the upper strata from service door and ALM functional module, to satisfy different project demands, make all functions all by offering the final user from service door with the form of Web, avoid the final user directly to contact data center infrastructure when satisfying user's needs, realized the safe and efficient test of software development fast.
The Self-Service that the present embodiment provides makes the system management that consumer and service provider can be by self-serviceization and cloud service is provided.By using the Self-Service door, can realize the control of resource approval process.Resource instrumentation dish in Self-Service can be with resource pool operating position, project resource operating position and the member resource operating position related personnel who shows data center administrator and project team with patterned formal intuition.Data center administrator can need to define approval process in conjunction with enterprise self, realizes that the resource of robotization is examined.Exploitation or tester can according to own in exploitation or test process for the demand of computational resource fast by the required computational resource of Self-Service door application, this application process possesses enough independences, project related personnel can for arranging as processor quota, internal memory quota and hard disk quota etc., make the virtual environment of generation can fully satisfy its demand separately.The different roles such as data center administrator, project leader, project manager and project development person can examine by the Self-Service door, apply for using and adjusting required resource, for supvr and the user of IT resource brings great convenience.
The present embodiment can allocate to satisfy ever-increasing demand with resource capability to robotization rapidly, can also offset slump in demand simultaneously to the impact of service.In practice, most development project change may often occur according to client's requirement, and change may bring a series of problem and challenge to development project, increases the uncertain factor in development project.The development and testing cloud of the present embodiment provides sufficient elasticity to help the program member and has tackled these problems and challenge, when the project change causes the resource requirement change of development environment, any project participant can submit the resource modification application to by the Self-Service door at any time, corresponding application be examined and be ratified to data center administrator can by Self-Service door or Email fast, make the development﹠ testing personnel realize fast the dynamic adjustment of resource, the computational resource that the work of obtaining is required.Need to carry out a large amount of pressure tests as the later stage in development project, the resource of before having applied for can't satisfy the demand of pressure test, and the tester just can apply for that dynamically resource is used for test more by the Self-Service door in this stage.
The development and testing cloud solution of the present embodiment provides virtualized test and management for research and development of software team.Solution integration Visual Studio 2010 Lab Management, Visual Studio Lab Management 2010 combines with the application program life cycle management virtual, the establishment virtual environment that can be more prone to and improve developer/tester cooperation.Use Visual Studio Lab Management 2010, the development﹠ testing personnel can fast creation multimachine device virtual environment, disposes required application program, and operation is tested, and files various important Bug.Visual Studio Lab Management is structured on System Center Virtual Machine Manager, can create the virtual environment that comprises a plurality of virtual machines in several minutes.In addition, the development﹠ testing personnel also can be a plurality of Network Isolation copies of same creating environments, in order in the situation that IP can not occur or the machine name conflict copies virtual machine.The development and testing personnel can arrange a workflow and use virtual environment when structure, deployment and test application in virtual environment, and how to configure the internal release of working procedure, then APD are deployed in this environment.Then the development﹠ testing personnel can move the result of automatically testing and check these tests in this environment.This makes the deployment of automation application program and test really become simple, and then has improved developer and tester's yield-power.
The application program that successfully constructs need to be all participants of team flow process smoothly that offers convenience.Therefore, the development and testing cloud of the present embodiment provides the complete support to the life cycle environment, integrated Visual Studio Team Foundation Server platform, software life cycle management wherein (ALM) instrument can help to be organized on every aspect efficient collaboration, both and communicate by letter, see clearly the actual items state, thereby guarantee to provide high-quality solution when reducing costs.ALM provides the configuration project flow process of robotization.Can be selected to meet the life cycle management flow process of demand by the project responsible person concerned according to the characteristics of project before project initiation.ALM provides the multiple project flow templates such as agility, CMMI, Scrum simultaneously, can satisfy different software projects and developer's demand, simultaneously the developer can also be according to the demand custom item flow template of oneself, the flexibility ratio of the maximum that provides for the developer.Due to combining closely of Microsoft's development and testing cloud and Visual Studio Team Foundation Server and Visual Studio, make it can support the Version Control environment of large-scale R﹠D team, ongoing project is carried out real-time tracing, and the project report of various ways can be provided for the project related personnel.
In the present embodiment, software test is by hardware environment and the software environment of the virtual machine allocation test in the operation Cloud Server memory block of clustering, and after the user paid to the resource of allotment, described test could start; After described terminating machine was completed the software of software development or test or hsrdware requirements customization, described server created for described terminating machine the virtual machine that carries out described software development or test automatically; After the user of described virtual machine paid buying expenses, the running environment that described virtual machine is corresponding, functional module, data, instrument or system were unified storage, install, operate on a separate hardware, and offer described user; Described user in the software development on described separate hardware, test data in described separate hardware by network insertion after described server, automatic synchronization is to described virtual machine; The software development that the latter produces, test data also described separate hardware by network insertion after described server automatic synchronization on described separate hardware.
Like this, original computing machine, mobile phone, panel computer bare machine are sold, and will become the integrated sale after the software and hardware network customization, can thoroughly change the sales mode of electronics, software, IT, Internet industry.
The benefit of the present embodiment is:
Reduce maintenance cost
Efficient instrument is used for simplifying the management of development and testing environment in development and testing cloud solution.These instruments comprise the resource management of Self-Service door, robotization and dirigibility and the extensibility of height.Software development and tester can build and access related resource with as required form fast by self-service door, have reduced the manual intervention link in environment construction, have effectively promoted the work efficiency of IT department of software enterprise and developing department.According to the study, the average hardware utilization factor of software enterprise rises to more than 50% from 25% after application and development test cloud, reduces the overall operation energy consumption when the hardware utilization factor rises, realizes green IT software development.
Promote team efficiency
Microsoft's development and testing cloud has accelerated the performance history of application program by virtual exploitation and the test environment of rapid deployment.During the project workpiece all is stored in unified database in the development and testing cloud, can promote team collaboration, this has just reduced the time that Team Member spends on the handing-over task, and has simplified performance history, make each role can be absorbed in work values at oneself, the work of setting about in seamless connection.The team collaboration's function of enriching that Visual Studio Team Foundation Server and SharePoint provide in addition can effectively promote exploitation and test team efficiency, shortens the application program delivery time.
Improve software quality
By using Microsoft's development and testing cloud solution, can utilize the automatic flow management, build highly controlled exploitation and test environment on System Center provides Real Time Monitoring basis.Simultaneously, utilize automatically catching that Visual Studio provides to expand and abundant diagnostic message, such as the screenshot capture of IntelliTrace daily record, index video, each new mistake and abundant form.When using together with test and management, the environment snapshot can append in bug, makes the developer can be connected to test environment.Can effectively reduce the energy that expends now in undying " repetitive error ", the mistake of " can't reappear " is become history.Collect Test Impact data by built-in function, can obtain to advise owing to revising code the inventory tested, know in given version to solve which bug.Now, can when use on the problem of redaction and make correct decision, greatly reduce the waste of time and efforts.Improve simultaneously the quality of software, fully satisfy the demand of development project.
Different from traditional development mode, that the exploitation in cloud computing epoch is emphasized is anyone, can develop in any place, and code is write, cooperates, debugs, tests, disposes, moved all and complete beyond the clouds.Cloud computing provides more Storage and Processing ability.Basically, it has eliminated the limitation of exploitation, and the developer again need not stand the constraint of limited physical resource.
Microsoft's development and testing cloud solution of the present embodiment can be applied in following common software development scene:
Serve the software centre of growing software company and foundation team
the software centre can build comprehensive public service platform by using Microsoft's development and testing cloud solution, by software centre centralized purchasing hardware device and form the computational resource pond, the development and testing cloud environment that utilizes the software centre server platform to build can carry exploitation and the test job load of software foundation team and growing enterprise in the garden, foundation team in the garden, software centre and growing enterprise just can realize using required software and hardware in the development﹠ testing process with minimum cost like this, solve the fund difficult problem that medium and small sized enterprises face in development, help middle-size and small-size software development company Fast Growth.Because Microsoft's exploitation and test cloud adopt many tenants mode of isolation and pay by the mode of resource use amount, the code security of each software enterprise can be ensured fully, hardware purchase and the depreciable cost of enterprise in software development process can be exempted in addition.On the other hand, the software garden also can utilize the flexibility advantage of Microsoft's cloud solution to build the training center of high flexible and expansion, make the software enterprise in the garden not only can enjoy the advantage of developing in cloud, can also in cloud learning up-to-date software development technique and flow process, promote the whole competitiveness of garden and software enterprise.
Large enterprise's own service application and development
Meet for needs exploitations the large enterprise that himself demand is used, the independence of development environment is most important with safety, need to drop to exploitation and test process minimum for the impact of production environment.Microsoft's development and testing cloud solution utilizes the server platform cloud computing mode of Microsoft's maturation to build, large enterprise can utilize existing Microsoft architecture to realize the development and testing cloud environment, carry out exploitation and test that enterprise uses in cloud, even give third-party job contracting business with outsourcing software development project, that utilizes that cloud environment provides completely examines, manages and monitors flow process, and enterprise is control routine safety and guarantee that it follows relevant IT and software development regulations comprehensively.The virtual isolation that the development and testing cloud provides make the development and testing environment and production environment independent of one another, both can satisfy the demand of software development and test, can not disturb again the normal operation of production environment.
Stand alone software provider
Under software development company accumulates in project for many years various resources, these resources comprise software code, flow process and hardware resource.After the development and testing cloud solution of Microsoft was released, software development company can be integrated inner all hardware devices and manage concentratedly.Projects sections in enterprise can be used for development﹠ testing according to its corresponding resource of needs application separately by the Self-Service door, because whole process adopts self-service door, automatically examine and carry out with virtualized form, relevant resource can be recovered and offer other project use effectively after project finishes, can utilize fully the existing hardware resource of enterprise, reduce the enterprise procurement cost, and provide extra extendability, reduced the complexity of development﹠ testing environment construction, accelerated applied environment and dispose the efficient of reaching the standard grade.
Its integrated Visual Studio Team Foundation Server platform, software life cycle management (ALM) instrument of design helps to be organized on every aspect efficient collaboration, both and communicates by letter, see clearly the actual items state, thereby guarantee to provide high-quality solution when reducing costs.ALM provides the configuration project flow process of robotization.Can be selected to meet the life cycle management flow process of demand by the project responsible person concerned according to the characteristics of project before project initiation.ALM provides the multiple project flow templates such as agility, CMMI, Scrum simultaneously, can satisfy different software projects and developer's demand, simultaneously the developer can also be according to the demand custom item flow template of oneself, the flexibility ratio of the maximum that provides for the developer.The development and testing cloud of the present embodiment and Visual Studio Team Foundation Server and Visual Studio combine closely, make it can support the Version Control environment of large-scale R﹠D team, ongoing project is carried out real-time tracing, and the project report of various ways can be provided for the project related personnel.
Can robotization resource capability is allocated to satisfy rapidly ever-increasing demand, can also offset slump in demand simultaneously to the impact of service.In practice, most development project change may often occur according to client's requirement, and change may bring a series of problem and challenge to development project, increases the uncertain factor in development project.Development and testing cloud of the present invention provides sufficient elasticity to help the program member and has tackled these problems and challenge, when the project change causes the resource requirement change of development environment, any project participant can submit the resource modification application to by the Self-Service door at any time, corresponding application be examined and be ratified to data center administrator can by Self-Service door or Email fast, make the development﹠ testing personnel realize fast the dynamic adjustment of resource, the computational resource that the work of obtaining is required.Need to carry out a large amount of pressure tests as the later stage in development project, the resource of before having applied for can't satisfy the demand of pressure test, and the tester just can apply for that dynamically resource is used for test more by the Self-Service door in this stage.
The system architecture of the present embodiment also is divided into four layers, wherein there are three layers to be horizontal, respectively display layer, middleware layer and infrastructure layer, can provide very abundant cloud computing ability and friendly user interface by this three-layer technology, also having one deck is longitudinally, being called administration and supervision authorities, is to exist in order to administer and maintain better horizontal three layers.
The present embodiment also has an advantage, can help exactly user's remote customisation software and hardware configuration, realizes the lump-sum purchase of exploitation, testing tool, thoroughly changes the sales mode of electronics, IT, Software Industry.
The test that disperses, repeat needs the tester to create separately software development, installation, operation, test environment, and cost is very high, and efficient is very low; The present embodiment provides the hardware and software test environment of various softwares by virtual machine, and the software environment of cumulative formula, iteration is the software environment of integrated form, allow user oneself from the third direction virtual machine upload, down load application improves software environment, also allow the user to get through heterogeneous database, application and operation by adapter, set up the applied environment that organises.

Claims (10)

1. software automated testing is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described software automated testing is unified operation platform and is comprised server and terminating machine, described server is the exploitation of various softwares, install, operation, test provides the hardware and software that operates on virtual machine environment, and described server is the exploitation of various softwares, install, operation, the tester is provided on described virtual machine and independently creates, perfect, the upgrade command operating interface of described hardware and software environment, be included in and download on virtual machine or upload to install and use, also comprise establishment, download, upload adapter, and realize different data format by described adapter, instrument, use, operation, the interoperability of flow process on heterogeneous software, and the software that a plurality of different editions are installed simultaneously is as test environment, after described terminating machine was completed the software of remote virtual machine or hardware environment customization, described server be described terminating machine establishment remote virtual machine automatically, when described virtual machine moved on hardware server according to described terminating machine user's instruction, the running environment of described virtual machine association, functional module, data, knowledge component, instrument, application combination, operating system, historical data, record of the audit were unified and move on new hardware server.
2. software automated testing according to claim 1 is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, after the user of described virtual machine pays the expense of buying separate hardware, the running environment of described virtual machine association, functional module, data, knowledge component, instrument, application combination, operating system, historical data, record of the audit are unified storage, install, operate on a separate hardware, and offer described user; Described user in the service data on described separate hardware in described separate hardware by network insertion after described server, automatic synchronization is to described virtual machine; The service data that the latter produces also described separate hardware by network insertion after described server automatic synchronization on described separate hardware.
3. software automated testing according to claim 1 and 2 is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described platform is supported an audit manual testing's method, comprises the test job of recording each tester, assesses each tester's achievement; Also support a kind of towards the website, graphical modeling tool test case and the executable program creation method of database, software, program product automatic test, the method comprises the steps:
S1. on the graphic interface that a terminating machine comprises, shows, plays, shows, throws in, carry out structured modeling to being distributed on the control object that needs to test in website on virtual machine, database, software, program product;
S2. test case/step/flow process is carried out graphical modeling;
S3. the modeler model according to S2 generates test code automatically, the code of the automatic test cases that automatic generation can independently be carried out;
S4., the mechanism of carrying out described code, automatically reporting test result is set on virtual machine.
4. software automated testing according to claim 3 is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described server connects by network, be divided into the basic Cloud Server memory block of clustering, the operation Cloud Server memory block of clustering, the former comprises development of virtual machine storage unit, the knowledge component storage unit of shared drive, the survey virtual machine storage unit of shared drive, the latter comprises the storage unit of various virtual machines, cooperative development personnel's terminating machine, according to or the storage unit of many virtual machines in the operation Cloud Server memory block of granted access clustering, the virtual machine that the operation Cloud Server memory block of terminating machine by each comfortable clustering of hardware encipher device access creates, arbitrarily the user accesses the knowledge component storage unit in the basic Cloud Server memory block of clustering, uploads or download knowledge component, the test virtual machine storage unit of shared drive is to remote testing personnel's terminating machine, the long-range terminating machine open interface of viewing and emulating personnel, and latter's test, the authority of viewing and emulating are authorized by the test virtual machine storage unit of shared drive, virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of clustering creates, keeps, expands, revises the hardware environment of software development, test, and exploitation, the test data that these storage unit produce is stored in the development of virtual machine storage unit, the test virtual machine storage unit of shared drive of shared drive of the basic Cloud Server memory block of clustering, described knowledge component storage unit is deposited software development, is tested the application, data, program, plug-in unit, the knowledge combination that need, the development of virtual machine storage unit of shared drive is connected with the application program shop server, and the former issues application to the latter, perhaps buys application from the latter, the basic Cloud Server memory block of described clustering, be provided with data-mapping between the operation Cloud Server memory block of clustering, redundancy scheme, interface on the operation Cloud Server memory block of the basic Cloud Server memory block of described clustering and described clustering, flow process, instrument, data, method, operation is mapped on the other side's storer mutually, realize the virtualization applications of hardware environment, log audit mechanism is set up to the operation note of terminating machine in the operation Cloud Server memory block of described clustering, and data are carried out redundancy backup, supply user's recovery of described terminating machine or give historical data for change.
5. software automated testing according to claim 4 is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering provides the display layer service to described terminating machine, display layer HTML display page, enrich the function of the Web page with JavaScript, control the outward appearance of the Web page with CSS, with RIA(Rich Internet Applications) technology, comprise that the Flash technology improves the page bandwagon effect of HTML technology, enrich the page programming of C# with Silverlight; Virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering provides the middleware layer service to described terminating machine, comprise buffer memory service and REST service, and these services both can be used for supporting display layer, also can directly allow the user call, middleware layer allows the independent application example be a plurality of organization service with many tenants technology, use the distributed caching technology, reduce the pressure of background server, provide different user and different application to use simultaneously the mechanism of same buffered, and to different user and different application, carry out data isolation according to authority; Virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering is to the provide infrastructures layer service of described terminating machine, prepare its required calculating and storage resources for top middleware layer or user, expansion and management optimization have been done with RDBMS on original relevant database basis, comprise the establishment microkernel architecture, make original relevant database micromodule; More interfaces are set, as being authentication and log recording increase interface; Make data height object oriented file, make development environment height object-oriented, build highly flexible application program and service; The target that infrastructure layer also can't satisfy with NoSQL technology implementation relation database, it is used in the rear end of cloud platform, built the buffer platform to share standard, third party API, third party's query interface, not only being responsible for filtering the third party uses, also be responsible for opening and closing the third party and use, avoid the stability that whole database is impacted in the disposal of third party's application; Virtual machine storage unit in the operation Cloud Server of described clustering provides the administration and supervision authorities service to described terminating machine, with the virtual machine of SLA monitoring tools to operation at all levels, performance monitoring is carried out in service and application, makes them can be in the situation that satisfy predefined SLA(Service Level Agreement) move; The storage that administration and supervision authorities consume each user with the charging management tool, calculating, time, application, Service Source are added up, and establish the standard of collecting the charges to the user.
6. software automated testing according to claim 5 is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described server is connected wireless with terminating machine or cable network connects; Described server provides hardware environment, the software environment of software development test to terminating machine by virtual machine, described terminating machine is used for showing the development and testing man-machine interface, receives the development and testing instruction; Described man-machine interface comprises the quick operating mode of following functional module: the virtual machine setting, reconnect, start, restart, stop, shutting down, preserve, recover; Described interface also comprises following descriptive information: tenant's title, project name, user's name, operating system, CPU, internal memory, hard disk; Described server comprises four application layers: display layer, middleware layer, infrastructure layer, administration and supervision authorities; Three first layers is horizontal, is used for providing cloud computing ability and user interface; The 4th layer is longitudinally, is used for administering and maintaining three first layers; The authentication arithmetic of described system is deployed in described infrastructure layer or middleware layer;
The security authentication mechanism of described hardware system comprises: when terminating machine is unified the server end of operation platform by the described software automated testing of access to netwoks, the described hardware encipher equipment of the described terminating machine connection of described server access or prestowage carries out authentication.
7. software automated testing according to claim 6 is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described hardware encipher equipment starts after the user inputs password, and transfers the authentication information that is stored in described hardware encipher equipment and carry out long-distance identity-certifying after scanning input skin corium fingerprint.
8. software automated testing according to claim 7 is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described network connects and comprises LAN (Local Area Network), internet, VPN, telecommunications network, Broadcasting Cable Network, 3G net, 4G net, wireless Internet.
9. software automated testing according to claim 8 is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described server comprises computing machine, Cloud Server, intelligent equipment for surfing the net.
10. software automated testing according to claim 9 is unified operation platform, it is characterized in that, described terminating machine comprises computing machine, notebook computer, smart mobile phone, game machine, televisor.
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