CN103062895A - Energy-saving multi-purpose boiler - Google Patents

Energy-saving multi-purpose boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103062895A
CN103062895A CN2012104664426A CN201210466442A CN103062895A CN 103062895 A CN103062895 A CN 103062895A CN 2012104664426 A CN2012104664426 A CN 2012104664426A CN 201210466442 A CN201210466442 A CN 201210466442A CN 103062895 A CN103062895 A CN 103062895A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
water
ash bucket
water jacket
burning
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Pending
Application number
CN2012104664426A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
耿二十
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耿二十
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Publication date
Application filed by 耿二十 filed Critical 耿二十
Priority to CN2012104664426A priority Critical patent/CN103062895A/en
Publication of CN103062895A publication Critical patent/CN103062895A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides an energy-saving multi-purpose boiler. An ash bucket is arranged on the lower portion of a boiler body. The back side of the ash bucket is provided with a blower opening and a combustion hearth is arranged above the ash bucket. A wind supplying ring is arranged below the burning hearth. A boiler grate is arranged between the wind supplying ring and the ash bucket. A combustion sleeve is arranged above the wind supplying ring. The combustion sleeve is arranged in the space of a boiler body water jacket. A cold water inlet is arranged below the boiler body and a hot water outlet is arranged above the boiler body. A boiler cover covers a boiler opening which is arranged on the boiler body water sleeve. A combustion smoke discharging channel of burning space of the boiler body water jacket is connected with a smoke discharging pipe. A water boiler is arranged above boiler body water jacket of the combustion discharging channel. A water draining nozzle is arranged below the water boiler and a water pouring port is arranged above the water boiler. Heat usage rate is high due to the fact that boiler fuel burns fully. The energy-saving multipurpose boiler is suitable for being used for civil cooking, heating and heating water.

Description

A kind of multi-purpose boiler
Technical field
The present invention is to provide burner, specifically a kind of multi-purpose boiler.
Background technology
The boiler of existing fire coal or combustion bio-fuel has various structures, but the problem that exists is that fuel combustion is insufficient, causes efficiency of combustion low, does not have energy-saving effect.
For the small-sized household boiler, usually simple in structure, body of heater on combuster and water sleeve ash bucket and bell, because being opening or the fire door by ash bucket, the fuel air feed carries out, therefore its oxygen-supplying amount can not carry out Proper Match with the required oxygen of fuel combustion, so the imperfect combustion combustible component volatilization of a part is discharged to the open air by flue, not only waste fuel, also caused the pollution of air.
Summary of the invention
The shortcoming that exists in order to overcome existing fire coal or biological fuel boiler the present invention proposes a kind of multi-purpose boiler.This boiler arranges for vane by the fire grate top at body of heater, and the burning cover is set in the burner hearth for vane top, on body of heater smoke exhaust pipe water jacket top boiler is set.Solve boiler oil completing combustion, energy-conservation and multiduty technical problem.
The scheme that technical solution problem of the present invention adopts is:
Lower portion of furnace body is provided with ash bucket, rear side at ash bucket is provided with blower mouth, be provided with burner hearth on ash bucket top, be equipped with for vane the bottom of burner hearth, for between vane and the ash bucket fire grate being housed, be provided with the burning cover for vane top, burning is placed in the space of furnace water jacket, the bottom of furnace water jacket is provided with cold water and adds entrance, and top is provided with hot water outlet, is stamped bell on the top fire door of furnace water jacket, the fire row flue of the combustion space of furnace water jacket is connected with smoke exhaust pipe, furnace water jacket top at smokejack is provided with boiler, and the boiler bottom is provided with faucet, and top is provided with water filling port.
All radial burning trepanning or the burning webs of being provided with of the burning collar.
Be double-walled construction for vane, between inside and outside wall, be provided with the air intake collar extension, be provided with for the air port at the inwall shape that tilts.According to furnace binding, the air feed ring diameter have up-small and down-big structure, large up and down in the middle of minor structure or lower little upper macrostructure, upper, middle and lower does not wait for the tuyere notch footpath.
The fire grate outer ring is radial to be provided with three to six limit pawls, is connected with the fire grate handle in fire grate one side, is provided with strip or cellular ventilative mouthful on the fire grate plane.
Good effect, because boiler oil sufficient combustion of the present invention, heat utilization efficiency is high, purposes is many, good energy-conserving effect.Suitable to domestic cooking, heating and the boiler applications that boils water.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structure chart of the present invention
Fig. 2 is the present invention's nested structure schematic diagram that burns
Fig. 3 is air feed ring structure schematic diagram of the present invention
Fig. 4 is bar shaped fire grate structural representation of the present invention
Fig. 5 is the cellular fire grate structural representation of the present invention
Fig. 6 is brick kitchen range structural representation of the present invention
Fig. 7 is fuel-firing gas-firing furnace structure schematic diagram of the present invention
Fig. 8 is water jacket a heatable brick bed furnace structure schematic diagram of the present invention
Fig. 9 is single wall stove structure schematic diagram of the present invention
Figure 10 is that the present invention is for the up-small and down-big structural representation of vane
Figure 11 is that the present invention supplies up and down large middle minor structure schematic diagram of vane
Figure 12 is that the present invention is for the up big and down small structural representation of vane
Among the figure, 1. ash bucket, 1.1. blower mouth, 2. fire grate, 2.1. the limit pawl, ventilative mouthful of 2.2. fire grate, 2.3. fire grate handle is 3. for vane, 3.1. the air intake collar extension, 3.2. is for the air port, 4, the burning cover, and the 4.1. trepanning that burns, 5. furnace water jacket, 5.1. cold water adds entrance, 5.2. hot water outlet, 6. burner hearth, 7. fire row flue, 8. boiler, 8.1. water filling port, 8.2. faucet, 9. bell, 10. smoke exhaust pipe.
The specific embodiment
According to shown in Figure 1, lower portion of furnace body is provided with ash bucket 1, rear side at ash bucket is provided with blower mouth 1.1, be provided with burner hearth 6 on ash bucket top, be equipped with for vane 3 bottom of burner hearth, for between vane and the ash bucket fire grate 2 being housed, be provided with burning cover 4 for vane top, burning is placed in the space of furnace water jacket 5, and the bottom of furnace water jacket is provided with cold water and adds entrance 5.1, top is provided with hot water outlet 5.2, be stamped bell 9 on the top fire door of furnace water jacket, the fire row flue 7 of the combustion space of furnace water jacket is connected with smoke exhaust pipe 10, is provided with boiler 8 on the furnace water jacket top of smokejack, the boiler bottom is provided with faucet 8.2, and top is provided with water filling port 8.1.
According to shown in Figure 2, all radial burning trepanning 4.1 or the burning webs of being provided with of burning cover 4 rings.
Shown in Fig. 3,10,11. and 12, be double-walled construction for vane, between inside and outside wall, be provided with air intake collar extension 3.1, be provided with for air port 3.2 at the inwall shape that tilts.According to furnace binding, the air feed ring diameter have up-small and down-big structure, large up and down in the middle of minor structure or lower little upper macrostructure, upper, middle and lower does not wait for the tuyere notch footpath.
According to Fig. 4 and shown in Figure 5, the fire grate outer ring is radial to be provided with three to six limit pawls 2.1, is connected with fire grate handle 2.3 in fire grate one side, is provided with strip or cellular ventilative mouthful 2.2 on the fire grate plane.
Brick kitchen range: according to shown in Figure 6, when utilizing technical scheme of the present invention to make brick kitchen range, lower furnace portion at brick kitchen range is equipped with ash bucket, be provided with blower mouth at ash bucket, fire grate is equipped with in bottom in fire box, be equipped with on fire grate top for vane, be placed with the burning cover for vane top, be provided with smoke exhaust pipe in a side of brick kitchen range.
Gas furnace: according to shown in Figure 7, when utilizing technical solution of the present invention to make gas stove, in the burner hearth of the downside of furnace water jacket, burner is housed, is provided with the burning cover in the burner hearth in furnace water jacket.
Water jacket a heatable brick bed stove: according to shown in Figure 8, when utilizing technical solution of the present invention to make water jacket a heatable brick bed stove, be provided with ash bucket and fire grate at the lower portion of furnace body that is provided with furnace water jacket, be provided with blower mouth at ash bucket, be provided with on the fire grate top of burner hearth for vane, in the burner hearth for vane top, be provided with the burning cover, be stamped bell at a heatable brick bed stove fire door, be provided with smoke exhaust pipe in body of heater one side, smoke exhaust pipe can be inserted in the kitchen range mouth of heated kang, uses as a heatable brick bed stove.
Single wall stove: according to shown in Figure 9, when utilizing technical solution of the present invention to make the single wall stove, fire grate be housed in the burner hearth of single wall stove, overlap for vane and burning, be stamped bell in upper of furnace body, be provided with smoke exhaust pipe in body of heater one side, be used for starting to exchange fire a heatable brick bed or chimney.
Use of the present invention and the course of work:
Before boiler uses, the cold water of the furnace water jacket of boiler is added entrance be connected with hot water outlet with the circulation line of heating plant and be connected; In boiler, add cold water by water filling port; Open bell, fuel is joined in the air feed annular space on the fire grate by burner hearth.
Fire grate bottom fire fuel by ash bucket, open the power supply of air blast, make air blast rotation air feed, general mood stream is by fire grate air feed in the burner hearth, a part of general mood stream by the air intake collar extension by laterally blowing to the fuel combustion layer for the air port rotation status, be fuel combustion layer sidepiece air feed, and make fuel under the oxygen enrichment state, fully burning, the spatial loop Zhou Liudong of burned flame and the flue gas burning trepanning by the burning cover in the furnace water jacket, the heating furnace body water jacket is used for heating; The flue gas of process fire row flue heats boiler when running to the position of boiler, makes cold water change hot water or boiling water into, is used for drinking; After bell is opened, be used for placing cooker, carry out the cooking operation.
Characteristics:
Because the present invention arranges blower mouth at ash bucket, is conducive to be blown in body of heater the air-flow of plentiful oxygen, be beneficial to air feed in the body of heater; Owing to be provided with ventilative mouthful of strip or cellular ventilative mouth on the fire grate, and be provided with the limit pawl in the ring week of fire grate, can fully contact with the air that comes from air blast, reduce wind resistance, enlarge combustion front, be convenient to make the abundant completing combustion of fuel; Because fire grate is provided with the fire grate handle, can by fire grate handle pulling fire grate, be convenient to ash and cleaning burning dead meal; Have angling hole air supply hole and up-narrow and down-wide air intake collar extension owing to arrange in the burner hearth bottom, can be from top to bottom and horizontal air feed all around, make the abundant conflagration of fuel, improve rapidly furnace temperature; Owing in burner hearth, be provided with the burning cover, put in burning and laterally to be provided with several burning trepanning or burning webs, combustion flame and thermal current are blowed in the furnace water jacket with 360 ° of directions, the sufficient flue gas of unburned is burnt away, and blow on the furnace water jacket inwall with vertical direction, accelerated the exchange rate of heat energy and furnace water jacket; Owing to be provided with boiler at smoke exhaust pipe, can utilize the waste-heat water of smoke exhaust pipe, because boiler and furnace water jacket are isolated mutually, so the recirculated water in the furnace water jacket can not pollute the water in the boiler, the water of boiler can directly be drunk or use as clean water.Owing on body of heater, be provided with respectively for vane, burning cover and boiler, can make the abundant completing combustion of fuel, and can take full advantage of, so fuel availability is high, the thermal efficiency is high, has energy-conservation and effect environmental protection.
The present invention can use as boiler, brick kitchen range, gas furnace, water jacket a heatable brick bed stove and single wall stove, and convenience is used for cooking, heating and boils water.

Claims (2)

1. multi-purpose boiler is characterized in that:
Lower portion of furnace body is provided with ash bucket (1), rear side at ash bucket is provided with blower mouth (1.1), be provided with burner hearth (6) on ash bucket top, be equipped with for vane (3) bottom of burner hearth, for between vane and the ash bucket fire grate (2) being housed, be provided with burning cover (4) for vane top, burning is placed in the space of furnace water jacket (5), the bottom of furnace water jacket is provided with cold water and adds entrance (5.1), top is provided with hot water outlet (5.2), be stamped bell (9) on the top fire door of furnace water jacket, the fire row flue (7) of the combustion space of furnace water jacket is connected with smoke exhaust pipe (10), be provided with boiler (8) on the furnace water jacket top of smokejack, the boiler bottom is provided with faucet (8.2), and top is provided with water filling port (8.1);
All radial burning trepanning (4.1) or the burning webs of being provided with of burning cover (4) ring;
Be double-walled construction for vane, between inside and outside wall, be provided with air intake collar extension (3.1), be provided with for air port (3.2) at the inwall shape that tilts;
Radial three to six the limit pawls (2.1) that are provided with in fire grate outer ring are connected with fire grate handle (2.3) in fire grate one side, are provided with strip or cellular ventilative mouthful (2.2) on the fire grate plane.
2. a kind of multi-purpose boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: according to furnace binding, the air feed ring diameter have up-small and down-big structure, large up and down in the middle of minor structure or lower little upper macrostructure, upper, middle and lower does not wait for the tuyere notch footpath.
CN2012104664426A 2013-01-28 2013-01-28 Energy-saving multi-purpose boiler Pending CN103062895A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104664426A CN103062895A (en) 2013-01-28 2013-01-28 Energy-saving multi-purpose boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104664426A CN103062895A (en) 2013-01-28 2013-01-28 Energy-saving multi-purpose boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103062895A true CN103062895A (en) 2013-04-24

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Family Applications (1)

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CN2012104664426A Pending CN103062895A (en) 2013-01-28 2013-01-28 Energy-saving multi-purpose boiler

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN103062895A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104713133A (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-06-17 张映南 Automatic blanking barotropic stove with sulfur fixation, denitration and dedusting functions
CN107270329A (en) * 2016-04-07 2017-10-20 赵荣 A kind of combustion furnace
CN108278773A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-07-13 姚士茜 A kind of pressure-bearing type power economized boiler of water jacket rotation

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2299991Y (en) * 1997-06-16 1998-12-09 李怀军 Internal structure of energy-saving efficient burner
CN2546768Y (en) * 2002-01-24 2003-04-23 段宝 Kitchen environment protection warming stove
CN201954586U (en) * 2011-01-30 2011-08-31 李昭平 Semi-gasification energy-saving firewood heating furnace

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2299991Y (en) * 1997-06-16 1998-12-09 李怀军 Internal structure of energy-saving efficient burner
CN2546768Y (en) * 2002-01-24 2003-04-23 段宝 Kitchen environment protection warming stove
CN201954586U (en) * 2011-01-30 2011-08-31 李昭平 Semi-gasification energy-saving firewood heating furnace

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104713133A (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-06-17 张映南 Automatic blanking barotropic stove with sulfur fixation, denitration and dedusting functions
CN107270329A (en) * 2016-04-07 2017-10-20 赵荣 A kind of combustion furnace
CN108278773A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-07-13 姚士茜 A kind of pressure-bearing type power economized boiler of water jacket rotation

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Application publication date: 20130424