CN204611844U - Cooking and heating furnace - Google Patents

Cooking and heating furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204611844U
CN204611844U CN201520244372.9U CN201520244372U CN204611844U CN 204611844 U CN204611844 U CN 204611844U CN 201520244372 U CN201520244372 U CN 201520244372U CN 204611844 U CN204611844 U CN 204611844U
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Prior art keywords
water jacket
burner
heater
furnace
communicated
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CN201520244372.9U
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关要领
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关要领
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Priority to CN201520244372.9U priority Critical patent/CN204611844U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to stove and accessory technical field, specifically disclose a kind of cooking and heating furnace, comprise base and be located at the body of heater on base, body of heater is provided with boiler face, boiler face is provided with charge door, outlet flue and burner, is provided with feed bin corresponding with charge door, outlet flue and burner respectively, flue and burner hearth, is provided with stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire below burner in body of heater, be provided with tubular burner below stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, burner is provided with wind distributing hole; Lower portion of furnace body is provided with slag notch and ash hole; Fire grate group is provided with in body of heater; Be provided with furnace water jacket in body of heater, furnace water jacket is communicated with the 3rd water jacket with the first water jacket be located in burner hearth, the second water jacket; First water jacket, the 3rd forms air channel between water jacket and burner, and wind distributing hole is communicated with the second oxygenation hole of body of heater arranged outside by air channel.The utility model thermal efficiency is high, fuel availability is high.

Description

Cooking and heating furnace
Technical field
The utility model belongs to stove and accessory technical field, is specifically related to a kind of cooking and heating furnace.
Background technology
In stove and accessory industry, the shortcoming that existing cooking and heating furnace exists is: 1, the thermal efficiency is low, and the temperature difference of stove different parts is comparatively large, and the body of heater of upper furnace is heated many, and temperature is higher, is usually burnt aglow, easily causes scald accident, poor stability; 2, utilization rate of waste heat is low, and a large amount of high-temperature flue gas is directly disposed to the external world by chimney, and waste is serious, and fuel availability is low; 3, chimney heats through high-temperature flue gas, easily jeopardizes personal safety.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide the cooking and heating furnace that a kind of thermal efficiency is high, fuel availability is high.
For achieving the above object, the utility model is by the following technical solutions: cooking and heating furnace, comprise base and be located at the body of heater on base, body of heater is provided with boiler face, and boiler face is provided with charge door, outlet flue and burner, is provided with feed bin corresponding with charge door, outlet flue and burner respectively, flue and burner hearth in body of heater, stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire is provided with below burner, be provided with tubular burner below stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, burner is provided with wind distributing hole, and body of heater inner bottom part is provided with dividing plate; Lower portion of furnace body is provided with slag notch and ash hole, and ash hole is provided with ash discharge handle and the first oxygenation hole; Be provided with fire grate group in body of heater, fire grate group is connected with letting cinder control bar by connecting rod; Be provided with furnace water jacket in body of heater, furnace water jacket is communicated with the 3rd water jacket with the first water jacket be located in burner hearth, the second water jacket; First water jacket is obliquely installed and top is connected with stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, and bottom is connected with burner; Second water jacket is vertically located at the below of outlet flue near burner one lateral edges, and the top of the second water jacket is connected with the outlet flue dividing plate be located at below outlet flue; 3rd water jacket is obliquely installed and top is connected with stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, and the 3rd water jacket bottom is connected with dividing plate; First water jacket, the 3rd forms air channel between water jacket and burner, and wind distributing hole is communicated with the second oxygenation hole of body of heater arranged outside by air channel.
Further, boiler face is provided with delivery port, and body of heater is provided with water inlet, and delivery port is all communicated with furnace water jacket with water inlet.
Further, boiler face is provided with the thermometer be communicated with furnace water jacket.
Further, lower portion of furnace body is provided with the quirk ash hole be communicated with burner hearth.
Further, body of heater is provided with the water jacket cleaning door be communicated with furnace water jacket.
Further, body of heater is provided with the explosion-proof valve be communicated with furnace water jacket.
Further, charge door is provided with reinforced handle, and slag notch is provided with handle of slagging tap.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows: be provided with furnace water jacket in body of heater, furnace water jacket is communicated with the 3rd water jacket with the first water jacket be located in burner hearth, the second water jacket, first water jacket is obliquely installed and top is connected with stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, bottom is connected with burner, and the second water jacket is vertically located at outlet flue and is connected with the outlet flue dividing plate be located at below outlet flue near the top of below second water jacket of burner one lateral edges; 3rd water jacket is obliquely installed and top is connected with stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, and the dividing plate that the 3rd water jacket bottom and body of heater inner bottom part are arranged is connected, and is vertically provided with the 4th water jacket between the second water jacket and the 3rd water jacket, and the 4th water jacket is communicated with furnace water jacket; Adopt furnace water jacket to be communicated with four water jackets, improve heat utilization ratio; Burner is provided with wind distributing hole, first water jacket, the 3rd forms air channel between water jacket and burner, wind distributing hole is communicated with the second oxygenation hole of body of heater arranged outside by air channel, and ash hole is provided with ash discharge handle and the first oxygenation hole, and two oxygenation holes improve the efficiency of combustion of fuel; Lower portion of furnace body is provided with the quirk ash hole be communicated with burner hearth, is conducive to clearing up burner hearth; Boiler face is provided with the thermometer be communicated with furnace water jacket, and person easy to use observes water temperature in water jacket, and body of heater is provided with the explosion-proof valve be communicated with furnace water jacket, improves the security of stove; Body of heater is provided with the water jacket cleaning door be communicated with furnace water jacket, is conducive to user and clears up water jacket; Body of heater inner bottom part is provided with dividing plate, arranges dividing plate and is conducive to separating the fuel not carrying out burning, enable fuel Thorough combustion.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is rearview of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is top view of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is sectional view of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
Cooking and heating furnace, as Figure 1-4, the body of heater 4 comprising base 1 and be located on base 1, body of heater 4 is provided with boiler face 5, and boiler face 5 is provided with charge door 9, outlet flue 6 and burner 25, is provided with feed bin 35 corresponding with charge door 9, outlet flue 6 and burner 25 respectively, flue 36 and burner hearth 31 in body of heater 4, stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 27 is provided with below burner 25, stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 27 is provided with tubular burner 37 below, and burner 37 is provided with wind distributing hole 28, and body of heater 4 inner bottom part is provided with dividing plate 34; Body of heater 4 bottom is provided with slag notch 11 and ash hole 13, and ash hole 13 is provided with ash discharge handle 14 and the first oxygenation hole 15; Be provided with fire grate group 22 in body of heater 4, fire grate group 22 comprises three groups of fire grates, and fire grate is lattice-shaped structure, and fire grate group 22 is connected with letting cinder control bar 17 by connecting rod 16; Be provided with furnace water jacket 24 in body of heater 4, furnace water jacket 24 is communicated with the 3rd water jacket 30 with the first water jacket 23, second water jacket 29 be located in burner hearth 31; First water jacket 23 is obliquely installed and top is connected with stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 27, and bottom is connected with burner 37; Second water jacket 29 is vertically located at the below of outlet flue 6 near burner 25 1 lateral edges, and the top of the second water jacket 29 is connected with the outlet flue dividing plate 32 be located at below outlet flue 6; 3rd water jacket 30 is obliquely installed and top is connected with stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 27, and the 3rd water jacket 30 bottom is connected with dividing plate 34; First water jacket 23, formation air channel, space 26 between the 3rd water jacket 30 and burner 37, air channel 26 is communicated with the second oxygenation hole 8, and wind distributing hole 28 is communicated with the second oxygenation hole 8 of body of heater 4 arranged outside by air channel 26.Rotating cover plate is equipped with, in order to arrange different intakes outside first oxygenation hole 15 and the second oxygenation hole 8.
Vertically be provided with the 4th water jacket the 33, four water jacket 33 between second water jacket 29 and the 3rd water jacket 30 to be communicated with furnace water jacket 24.Boiler face 5 is provided with delivery port 18, and body of heater 4 is provided with water inlet 21 and water inlet 3, and delivery port 18, water inlet 21 are all communicated with furnace water jacket 24 with water inlet 3.Boiler face 5 is provided with the thermometer 7 be communicated with furnace water jacket 24.Body of heater 4 bottom is provided with the quirk ash hole 2 be communicated with burner hearth 31.Body of heater 4 is provided with the water jacket cleaning door 20 be communicated with furnace water jacket 24.Body of heater 4 is provided with the explosion-proof valve 19 be communicated with furnace water jacket 24.Charge door 9 is provided with reinforced handle 10, and slag notch 11 is provided with handle 12 of slagging tap.
Fuel adds burner hearth 31 from charge door 9 and burns, first oxygenation hole 15 passes into air bottom burner hearth 31, second oxygenation hole 8 adds air by air channel 26 and wind distributing hole 28 in burner 37, water enters furnace water jacket 24 from water inlet 21 or water inlet 3, first water jacket 23, in second water jacket 29 and the 3rd water jacket 30, discharge from delivery port 18 after being heated, the flue gas produced during fuel combustion is discharged from outlet flue 6 by flue 36, fire grate group 22 upset cleaning slag is controlled by promoting letting cinder control bar 17, also by slag notch 11, ash hole 13 and quirk ash hole 2 pairs of burner hearths 31 are cleared up, cleared up by water jacket cleaning door 20 pairs of furnace water jackets 24, in Fig. 4, direction shown in arrow is heat energy walking path signal direction in burner hearth 31, can make full use of the heat that burner hearth 31 fuel combustion produces.

Claims (8)

1. cooking and heating furnace, comprise base and be located at the body of heater on base, it is characterized in that: described body of heater is provided with boiler face, boiler face is provided with charge door, outlet flue and burner, be provided with feed bin corresponding with charge door, outlet flue and burner respectively, flue and burner hearth in body of heater, below burner, be provided with stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, below stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, be provided with tubular burner, burner is provided with wind distributing hole, and body of heater inner bottom part is provided with dividing plate; Described lower portion of furnace body is provided with slag notch and ash hole, and ash hole is provided with ash discharge handle and the first oxygenation hole; Be provided with fire grate group in described body of heater, fire grate group is connected with letting cinder control bar by connecting rod; Be provided with furnace water jacket in described body of heater, furnace water jacket is communicated with the 3rd water jacket with the first water jacket be located in burner hearth, the second water jacket; Described first water jacket is obliquely installed and top is connected with stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, and bottom is connected with burner; Described second water jacket is vertically located at the below of outlet flue near burner one lateral edges, and the top of the second water jacket is connected with the outlet flue dividing plate be located at below outlet flue; Described 3rd water jacket is obliquely installed and top is connected with stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, and the 3rd water jacket bottom is connected with dividing plate; Described first water jacket, the 3rd forms air channel between water jacket and burner, and wind distributing hole is communicated with the second oxygenation hole of body of heater arranged outside by air channel.
2. cooking and heating furnace as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: be vertically provided with the 4th water jacket between described second water jacket and the 3rd water jacket, the 4th water jacket is communicated with furnace water jacket.
3. cooking and heating furnace as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: described boiler face is provided with delivery port, and body of heater is provided with water inlet, and delivery port is all communicated with furnace water jacket with water inlet.
4. cooking and heating furnace as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described boiler face is provided with the thermometer be communicated with furnace water jacket.
5. cooking and heating furnace as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: described lower portion of furnace body is provided with the quirk ash hole be communicated with burner hearth.
6. cooking and heating furnace as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: described body of heater is provided with the water jacket cleaning door be communicated with furnace water jacket.
7. cooking and heating furnace as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: described body of heater is provided with the explosion-proof valve be communicated with furnace water jacket.
8. cooking and heating furnace as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: described charge door is provided with reinforced handle, described slag notch is provided with handle of slagging tap.
CN201520244372.9U 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 Cooking and heating furnace Active CN204611844U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520244372.9U CN204611844U (en) 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 Cooking and heating furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520244372.9U CN204611844U (en) 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 Cooking and heating furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204611844U true CN204611844U (en) 2015-09-02

Family

ID=53964402

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520244372.9U Active CN204611844U (en) 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 Cooking and heating furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204611844U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104791849A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-22 关要领 Kitchen warming furnace
CN106402937A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-02-15 卢光文 Heating stove

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104791849A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-22 关要领 Kitchen warming furnace
CN106402937A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-02-15 卢光文 Heating stove

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