CN102923449A - Gravity-center-adjustable turnover machine - Google Patents

Gravity-center-adjustable turnover machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102923449A
CN102923449A CN201210408317XA CN201210408317A CN102923449A CN 102923449 A CN102923449 A CN 102923449A CN 201210408317X A CN201210408317X A CN 201210408317XA CN 201210408317 A CN201210408317 A CN 201210408317A CN 102923449 A CN102923449 A CN 102923449A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
arm
passive
lifting
active
fixed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201210408317XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑晓阳
韩志坚
李长江
吴晓凯
杨青
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xian Railway Transportation and Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xian Railway Transportation and Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xian Railway Transportation and Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Xian Railway Transportation and Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201210408317XA priority Critical patent/CN102923449A/en
Publication of CN102923449A publication Critical patent/CN102923449A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a gravity-center-adjustable turnover machine, which comprises clamping devices, an active lifting device, a passive lifting device, an active rotating device, a passive rotating device, a travelling device, a fixed end and a movable end, wherein the movable end is opposite to the fixed end; the bottom of the movable end is provided with the travelling device; the top of the movable end is provided with the passive rotating device; the top of the fixed end is provided with the active rotating device; the clamping devices are respectively fixed on the active lifting device and the passive lifting device; the active rotating device drives the active lifting device arranged at the fixed end to rotate; a rail wagon to be maintained is clamped by the clamping devices arranged on the fixed end and the movable end; and the passive lifting device arranged on the movable end drives the passive rotating device to rotate. By the gravity-center-adjustable turnover machine, the gravity center and the center distance are adjustable, the application range is wide, the maintenance quality is guaranteed, and the turnover machine is convenient to operate.

Description

The adjustable center of gravity positioning machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to the Railway Freight Car Repair technical field, relate to a kind of adjustable center of gravity positioning machine, relate in particular to employed adjustable center of gravity positioning machine in a kind of maintenance process that is applicable to various railway truck.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of national economy and the continuous propelling of Leap-forward Development of Railway, along with improving constantly of railway truck running velocity, the transportation safety situation is very severe.Be to guarantee the traffic safety of railway truck, the principle that quality first is adhered in the lorry repair in shop, implements the guiding theory of protecting technique, guaranteeing the quality, ensure safety with quality with technique with frock.For guaranteeing that the product design technological requirement must make weld seam be in the downhand position when the repair welding, just must use positioning machine when maintenance like this, the past is different because of the center of gravity of spacious, flat, canopy, tank car, just needs the positioning machine of good several vehicles, maintenance process is loaded down with trivial details, claim for eot.Simultaneously, do not have in recent years a kind of positioning machine of multi-vehicle-type to use altogether, so that the welding the during maintenance of some vehicles can not be welded at level attitude, product design can not be guaranteed.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical matters that exists in the background technology, the present invention proposes the equal capable of regulating of a kind of center of gravity and spacing, applied widely, the adjustable center of gravity positioning machine that can guarantee repair quality and convenient operation.
Technical solution of the present invention is: the invention provides a kind of adjustable center of gravity positioning machine, its special character is: described adjustable center of gravity positioning machine comprises holding device, active lifting device, passive jacking system, active rotation device, passive slewing arrangement, running gear, fixed end and mobile terminal; Described mobile terminal and fixed end are oppositely arranged; The bottom of described mobile terminal is provided with running gear, and the top is provided with passive slewing arrangement; Described fixed end top is provided with the active rotation device; Described holding device is separately fixed on active lifting device and the passive jacking system; Described active rotation device drives the active lifting device rotation that is arranged on fixed end; The Awaiting Overhaul railway truck is by being arranged on the holding device clamping on fixed end and the mobile terminal; The described passive jacking system that is arranged on the mobile terminal drives passive slewing arrangement rotation.
Above-mentioned active lifting device comprises the first lifting motor, leading screw, the first L-type lifting arm, active rotation arm and active lifting device pedestal; Described leading screw and active rotation arm are fixedly installed on the active lifting device pedestal jointly; Described the first L-type lifting arm is socketed on the leading screw; Described the first lifting motor drives the first L-type lifting arm axially sliding up and down along leading screw; Described active rotation arm is captiveed joint with the active rotation device; Described holding device is arranged on the first L-type lifting arm.
Above-mentioned the first L-type lifting arm comprises the first upright arm and the first horizontal arm that is connected with the first upright arm; Described the first upright arm is socketed on the leading screw and axially sliding up and down along leading screw under the effect of the first lifting motor; Described the first horizontal arm is captiveed joint with holding device.
Above-mentioned active rotation device comprises bearing seat, turbine, worm screw and active rotation axle; Described turbine is fixedly installed on the fixed end top by bearing seat; Described turbine links to each other with worm screw; Described worm screw drives the rotation of active rotation axle; Described active rotation axle is captiveed joint with the active lifting device.
Above-mentioned passive jacking system comprises the second L-type lifting arm, the second lifting motor, passive jacking system base plate, carriage and passive pivot arm; Described passive pivot arm and the second L-type lifting arm are co-located on the passive jacking system base plate; Described carriage is arranged on the passive pivot arm; Described the second L-type lifting arm is arranged on the passive pivot arm by carriage; Described the second lifting motor drives the second L-type lifting arm axially freely sliding along passive pivot arm.
Above-mentioned carriage is arranged on chute, fin or the ball on the passive pivot arm.
Above-mentioned the second L-type lifting arm comprises the second upright arm and the second horizontal arm that is connected with the second upright arm; Described the second upright arm is arranged on the passive pivot arm and by the axis of the second lifting motor driving along passive pivot arm by carriage and freely slides; Described the second horizontal arm is captiveed joint with holding device.
Above-mentioned passive jacking system comprises driven shaft and passive rotating shaft holder; Described driven shaft is fixedly installed on the top, mobile terminal by passive rotating shaft holder; Described driven shaft is captiveed joint with passive pivot arm.
The above line walking apparatus comprises roller, roller track and the lock rail device that is used for the roller position; Described roller is arranged on the bottom, mobile terminal and freely rolls along roller track.
Above-mentioned holding device is that one or more clampings are grabbed.
Advantage of the present invention is:
The invention provides a kind of adjustable center of gravity positioning machine, this positioning machine is comprised of fixed end and mobile terminal, and longitudinal moving device (running gear) is equipped with in the bottom, mobile terminal, and it can be moved at guide rail, is applicable to the maintenance of different spacing vehicles.Simultaneously, in mobile terminal and fixed end the vertical lift leading screw is housed, make lifting arm can be in fixed guide the lifting differing heights, to reach the center-of-gravity position of different automobile types, itself and center of gyration are overlapped, reduce the moment of torsion of worm gear, worm screw and driven shaft.The 3rd, adopt PLC control in electrical control, independent lifting and the simultaneously lifting of mobile terminal and fixed end are set at software, so that the pivot arm of mobile terminal and fixed end is in the same level position, eliminate the additional torque in the switching process.Center of gravity adjustable positioning machine provided by the present invention can be guaranteed the lorry repair quality applicable to different vehicles.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of mobile terminal of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of fixed end of the present invention;
Wherein:
The 1-base plate; The 2-driven shaft; The passive rotating shaft holder of 3-; The 4-chute; The 5-pressing plate; The 6-roller; The 7-clamping is grabbed; 8-the second L-type lifting arm; 9-the second L-type lifting arm bearing seat; 10-the second lifting motor; The 11-roller track; The 12-nut; The 13-bolt; The 14-bearing seat; The 15-worm gear; 16-active rotation axle; The 17-worm screw; 18-the first lifting motor; The 19-leading screw; 20-the first L-type lifting arm; 21-active rotation arm.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the invention provides a kind of adjustable center of gravity positioning machine of the present invention, this adjustable center of gravity positioning machine comprises holding device, active lifting device, passive jacking system, active rotation device, passive slewing arrangement, running gear, fixed end and mobile terminal; Mobile terminal and fixed end are oppositely arranged; The bottom of mobile terminal is provided with running gear, and the top is provided with passive slewing arrangement; The fixed end top is provided with the active rotation device; Holding device is separately fixed on active lifting device and the passive jacking system; The active rotation device drives the active lifting device rotation that is arranged on fixed end; The Awaiting Overhaul railway truck is by being arranged on the holding device clamping on fixed end and the mobile terminal; The passive jacking system that is arranged on the mobile terminal drives passive slewing arrangement rotation.
The active lifting device comprises the first lifting motor 18, leading screw 19, the first L-type lifting arm 20, active rotation arm 21 and active lifting device pedestal; Leading screw 19 and active rotation arm 21 are fixedly installed on the active lifting device pedestal jointly; The first L-type lifting arm 20 is socketed on the leading screw 19; The first lifting motor 18 drives the first L-type lifting arm 20 axially sliding up and down along leading screw 19; Active rotation arm 21 is captiveed joint with the active rotation device; Holding device is arranged on the first L-type lifting arm 20.Be provided be used to the bolt 13 that blocks the first L-type lifting arm 20 in the bottom of leading screw 19, the end of bolt 13 is provided with nut 12.
The first L-type lifting arm 20 comprises the first upright arm and the first horizontal arm that is connected with the first upright arm; The first upright arm is socketed on the leading screw 19 and axially sliding up and down along leading screw 19 under the effect of the first lifting motor 18; The first horizontal arm is captiveed joint with holding device.
The active rotation device comprises bearing seat 14, turbine 15, worm screw 17 and active rotation axle 16; Turbine 15 is fixedly installed on the fixed end top by bearing seat; Turbine 15 links to each other with worm screw 17; Worm screw 17 drives 16 rotations of active rotation axle; Active rotation axle 16 is captiveed joint with the active lifting device.
Passive jacking system comprises the second L-type lifting arm 8, the second lifting motor 10, passive jacking system base plate 1, carriage and passive pivot arm; Passive pivot arm and the second L-type lifting arm 8 are co-located on the passive jacking system base plate 1; Carriage is arranged on the passive pivot arm; The second L-type lifting arm 8 is arranged on the passive pivot arm by carriage; The second lifting motor 10 drives the second L-type lifting arm 8 axially freely sliding along passive pivot arm.
Carriage is arranged on chute 4(on the passive pivot arm and pressing plate 5 need to be set chute 4 is fixed on the pressing plate 1), fin or ball.
The second L-type lifting arm 8 comprises the second upright arm and the second horizontal arm that is connected with the second upright arm; The second upright arm is arranged on the passive pivot arm and by the axis of the second lifting motor 10 drivings along passive pivot arm by carriage and freely slides; The second horizontal arm is captiveed joint with holding device.The second L-type lifting arm bearing seat 9 is socketed in the top of the second L-type lifting arm 8.
Passive jacking system comprises driven shaft 2 and passive rotating shaft holder 3; Driven shaft 2 is fixedly installed on the top, mobile terminal by passive rotating shaft holder 3; Driven shaft 2 is captiveed joint with passive pivot arm.
Running gear comprises roller 6, roller 6 tracks 11 and the lock rail device that is used for roller 6 positions; Roller 6 is arranged on the bottom, mobile terminal and freely rolls along roller 6 tracks 11.
Holding device is that one or more clampings grab 7.
The present invention is when specific works, moving switch with electrical equipment control control mobile terminal motion cashier's office in a shop rotates on the position of corresponding vehicle first, the mobile terminal running gear will be mobile under chain drive control, when arriving desired location, the displacement pickup response, feed back signal to the electrical control cabinet Programmable Logic Controller, the mobile terminal stops.Press lower electrical control lifting arm master cock cashier's office in a shop, lifting arm will be vertically mobile under leading screw drives, when arriving this vehicle appointment height of gravitational center place, limit switch is closed, impulse singla is passed to Programmable Logic Controller, controller sends signal makes the lifting AC contactor disconnect the lifting arm stop motion.With overhead traveling crane this car is winched on the positioning machine, then use the draw beam position of anchor clamps clamping trolley, the fixedly handwheel at artificial rolling clamp two ends, fastening vehicle.After the vehicle clamping is complete, press the rotary knob of electric control cabinet, under the drive of worm gear, worm transmission pair, the appointed part that pivot arm can be suitable, left-hand revolution need to overhaul to vehicle.After car inspection and maintenance is complete, pivot arm is rotated to initial vertical position, unclamp the fixedly handwheel at anchor clamps two ends, leave car under order positioning machine with overhead traveling crane, at last the mobile terminal running gear is moved to initial position.

Claims (10)

1. adjustable center of gravity positioning machine, it is characterized in that: described adjustable center of gravity positioning machine comprises holding device, active lifting device, passive jacking system, active rotation device, passive slewing arrangement, running gear, fixed end and mobile terminal; Described mobile terminal and fixed end are oppositely arranged; The bottom of described mobile terminal is provided with running gear, and the top is provided with passive slewing arrangement; Described fixed end top is provided with the active rotation device; Described holding device is separately fixed on active lifting device and the passive jacking system; Described active rotation device drives the active lifting device rotation that is arranged on fixed end; The Awaiting Overhaul railway truck is by being arranged on the holding device clamping on fixed end and the mobile terminal; The described passive jacking system that is arranged on the mobile terminal drives passive slewing arrangement rotation.
2. adjustable center of gravity positioning machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described active lifting device comprises the first lifting motor, leading screw, the first L-type lifting arm, active rotation arm and active lifting device pedestal; Described leading screw and active rotation arm are fixedly installed on the active lifting device pedestal jointly; Described the first L-type lifting arm is socketed on the leading screw; Described the first lifting motor drives the first L-type lifting arm axially sliding up and down along leading screw; Described active rotation arm is captiveed joint with the active rotation device; Described holding device is arranged on the first L-type lifting arm.
3. adjustable center of gravity positioning machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described the first L-type lifting arm comprises the first upright arm and the first horizontal arm that is connected with the first upright arm; Described the first upright arm is socketed on the leading screw and axially sliding up and down along leading screw under the effect of the first lifting motor; Described the first horizontal arm is captiveed joint with holding device.
4. according to claim 1 and 2 or 3 described adjustable center of gravity positioning machines, it is characterized in that: described active rotation device comprises bearing seat, turbine, worm screw and active rotation axle; Described turbine is fixedly installed on the fixed end top by bearing seat; Described turbine links to each other with worm screw; Described worm screw drives the rotation of active rotation axle; Described active rotation axle is captiveed joint with the active lifting device.
5. adjustable center of gravity positioning machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described passive jacking system comprises the second L-type lifting arm, the second lifting motor, passive jacking system base plate, carriage and passive pivot arm; Described passive pivot arm and the second L-type lifting arm are co-located on the passive jacking system base plate; Described carriage is arranged on the passive pivot arm; Described the second L-type lifting arm is arranged on the passive pivot arm by carriage; Described the second lifting motor drives the second L-type lifting arm axially freely sliding along passive pivot arm.
6. adjustable center of gravity positioning machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described carriage is arranged on chute, fin or the ball on the passive pivot arm.
7. adjustable center of gravity positioning machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described the second L-type lifting arm comprises the second upright arm and the second horizontal arm that is connected with the second upright arm; Described the second upright arm is arranged on the passive pivot arm and by the axis of the second lifting motor driving along passive pivot arm by carriage and freely slides; Described the second horizontal arm is captiveed joint with holding device.
8. adjustable center of gravity positioning machine according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described passive jacking system comprises driven shaft and passive rotating shaft holder; Described driven shaft is fixedly installed on the top, mobile terminal by passive rotating shaft holder; Described driven shaft is captiveed joint with passive pivot arm.
9. adjustable center of gravity positioning machine according to claim 8 is characterized in that: described running gear comprises roller, roller track and the lock rail device that is used for the roller position; Described roller is arranged on the bottom, mobile terminal and freely rolls along roller track.
10. adjustable center of gravity positioning machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described holding device is that one or more clampings are grabbed.
CN201210408317XA 2012-10-23 2012-10-23 Gravity-center-adjustable turnover machine Pending CN102923449A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210408317XA CN102923449A (en) 2012-10-23 2012-10-23 Gravity-center-adjustable turnover machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210408317XA CN102923449A (en) 2012-10-23 2012-10-23 Gravity-center-adjustable turnover machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102923449A true CN102923449A (en) 2013-02-13

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107180583A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-09-19 金华职业技术学院 The confession case actual training device and its control method of beer automatic production line

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS57201137A (en) * 1981-06-03 1982-12-09 Hitachi Ltd Cabinet capsizing equipment
CN2768956Y (en) * 2005-02-06 2006-04-05 梁英 Moving truck body turning machine
CN200984737Y (en) * 2006-09-12 2007-12-05 中国南车集团石家庄车辆厂 Open, shed and flatcar body switching machine
CN101844127A (en) * 2010-06-02 2010-09-29 李荣根 Automatic two-side coater for vertical type PCB (Printed Circuit Board) plate
CN201907151U (en) * 2010-10-25 2011-07-27 乐昌市安捷铁路轨枕有限公司 Double-block type sleeper turnover machine
CN102198587A (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-09-28 江苏同和涂装机械有限公司 Intelligent overturning machine
CN202924288U (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-05-08 西安轨道交通装备有限责任公司 Overturning machine with gravity center adjustable

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS57201137A (en) * 1981-06-03 1982-12-09 Hitachi Ltd Cabinet capsizing equipment
CN2768956Y (en) * 2005-02-06 2006-04-05 梁英 Moving truck body turning machine
CN200984737Y (en) * 2006-09-12 2007-12-05 中国南车集团石家庄车辆厂 Open, shed and flatcar body switching machine
CN102198587A (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-09-28 江苏同和涂装机械有限公司 Intelligent overturning machine
CN101844127A (en) * 2010-06-02 2010-09-29 李荣根 Automatic two-side coater for vertical type PCB (Printed Circuit Board) plate
CN201907151U (en) * 2010-10-25 2011-07-27 乐昌市安捷铁路轨枕有限公司 Double-block type sleeper turnover machine
CN202924288U (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-05-08 西安轨道交通装备有限责任公司 Overturning machine with gravity center adjustable

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107180583A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-09-19 金华职业技术学院 The confession case actual training device and its control method of beer automatic production line

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20130213

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)