CN102909196B - Horizontal cleaning machine for cleaning threads of bolts - Google Patents

Horizontal cleaning machine for cleaning threads of bolts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102909196B
CN102909196B CN201210361322.XA CN201210361322A CN102909196B CN 102909196 B CN102909196 B CN 102909196B CN 201210361322 A CN201210361322 A CN 201210361322A CN 102909196 B CN102909196 B CN 102909196B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
bolt
thimble
cleaned
cleaning machine
Prior art date
Application number
CN201210361322.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102909196A (en
Inventor
王玮
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合肥兰博电力机具技术有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201210361322.XA priority Critical patent/CN102909196B/en
Publication of CN102909196A publication Critical patent/CN102909196A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102909196B publication Critical patent/CN102909196B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a horizontal cleaning machine for cleaning threads of bolts; the horizontal cleaning machine comprises a cleaning chamber; a left and a right clamping thimble which corresponds to each other are arranged at both ends on the cleaning chamber, respectively; the left clamping thimble is of a driving thimble which is rotationally arranged on a rack, while the right clamping thimble is of a cylinder-driven movable thimble; the middle parts of the left and right clamping thimbles are respectively provided with through holes for cleaning and air-drying; the middle part above the cleaning chamber is provided with a support roller which is matched with an outer circle surface of a bolt to be cleaned; one side of the cleaning chamber is provided with a rolling brush which an oiling ventilating mechanism which are matched with thread surfaces of both ends of the bolt to be cleaned, while both ends of the other side are respectively provided with spraying pipes; both ends of a guide pipe and each spraying pipe are respectively provided with oil nozzles and sprayers, the oil nozzles and the sprayers are matched with the thread surfaces of both ends of the bolt to be cleaned. With the adoption of the horizontal cleaning machine, the automatic cleaning operation can be achieved; the cleaning machine is low in operation position, safe and convenient to operate, and is capable of finishing all works of cleaning, air-dying, oiling and the like of bolt and nut centre holes.

Description

A kind of horizontal cleaning machine that cleans bolt thread
Technical field
The present invention relates to bolt in nuclear power nuclear island and the cleaning equipment field of nut thereof, relate in particular to a kind of horizontal cleaning machine that cleans bolt thread.
Background technology
In nuclear power nuclear island, the bolt of 58 M155X4mm must will clean and technology evaluation it within a certain period of time, but do not have prior art or equipment to fill up this blank in China, and bolt is for a long time in nuclear island, itself there is certain radioactive substance, if by manually coming that its cleaning is had to certain injury to people, and need to clean the air-dry and work that oils of dirt to bolt entirety in when maintenance, while cleaning, do not allow double thread by a bit damage simultaneously, manual cleaning is difficult to meet the demands, and inefficiency.
Existing state outer bolt cleaning machine belongs to vertical, in cleaning process the observation of double thread with check inconvenient operation, because vertical working position sets high, cannot complete nut and clean particularly cleaning center hole and must on bogie bracket, complete, although can automation complete cleaning, but its working position sets high, inconvenient operation, dangerous, the easy stress deformation of bolt, can only complete the air-dry upper wet goods work of cleaning on bolt thread surface, the cleaning of bolt centre bore also needs manual operation, need to improve.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the deficiency in order to make up prior art, a kind of horizontal cleaning machine that cleans bolt thread is provided, can realize automation cleaning operation, and its working position sets low, easy and safe to operate, can complete the air-dry upper wet goods work of whole cleanings of bolts and nuts centre bore, the weight of sharing bolt 50% is supported in two unsteady V-type rollings, can prevent bolt distortion.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of horizontal cleaning machine that cleans bolt thread, include cleaning warehouse, it is characterized in that: the left and right clamping thimble of mutual correspondence is set up respectively at the two ends of described cleaning warehouse top, described left clamping thimble is for driving thimble to be rotatably installed in frame, the removable thimble that described right clamping thimble is air cylinder driven, the middle part of described left and right clamping thimble is respectively equipped with for cleaning and air-dry through hole, and the external port of described through hole is communicated with respectively the mixing duct of realizing cleaning fluid and wind switching; The carrying roller coordinating with bolt periphery to be cleaned is set up at the middle part of described cleaning warehouse top, described cleaning warehouse one side is provided with the round brush coordinating with bolt to be cleaned two ends flank and the ventilating mechanisms that oils, the described ventilating mechanisms that oils includes conduit, the feed end of described conduit is connected with oil pipe and ventilation duct, and on upper oil pipe and ventilation duct, distinguish valve, shower has been set up respectively at the both ends of described cleaning warehouse opposite side, and the two ends of described conduit and shower are respectively equipped with the oil nozzle and the shower nozzle that coordinate with bolt to be cleaned two ends flank.
The body structure that described cleaning warehouse is made up of the cell body of headstock, tailstock case, electric cabinet, Pneumatic controlled box, liquid reserve tank, receipts liquid case, inclination, described cleaning warehouse is provided with upper cover.
Described left clamping thimble is fixedly mounted on the roller end on headstock, described rotating shaft decelerates to about 100rmp by three phase electric machine through bearing-type decelerator and reduces to 30rmp through Timing Belt again and drive and toply do gyration, described right clamping is top is the axis body of middle part with through hole, described axis body is led and is arranged on tailstock case by axle sleeve, and the rear end of axis body is driven by cylinder piston rod.
Described carrying roller includes fixed axis, and described fixed axis is fixedly mounted on the both sides that are fixedly mounted on respectively V-arrangement bearing, on described fixed axis, is overlapping and is having sleeve.
Described round brush is nylon bruss, is filled with silicon carbide micro-powder, and is driven by motor in described nylon bruss, and its direction of rotation is contrary with left clamping thimble direction of rotation.
Described nozzle is tubaeform, and the cleaning fluid of its ejection is umbrella or inverted cone shape.
Nut wiper mechanism is also installed on described headstock, described nut wiper mechanism includes above-mentioned rotating shaft, headstock one side is stretched out and is positioned in described rotating shaft, in described rotating shaft, be set with round brush, on the headstock of the headstock rear side of described round brush side, rear deck is installed, on described rear deck, coordinate front clamp seat is installed, described forward and backward deck middle part is provided with the draw-in groove coordinating with nut to be cleaned.
The two ends of described forward and backward deck are respectively equipped with fixing ear, and described fixing ear is provided with locating hole, after described forward and backward deck is involutory, fix by inserting bolt in locating hole.
Its principle is: when work, parallel bolt is sent into cleaned in warehouse, in the time that bolt is gone forward, right clamping thimble stops by air cylinder driven right side, when bolt exhaust hood in place drives the mesopore of the top inserting bolt of right clamping left, bolt, by the top axial grip in two of left and right supported, drives bolt rotation when motor drives top rotation frictionally.The carrying roller of described bolt by bottom supports strength that can carrying bolt 50%, for bolt provides the convenience of stability and safety and operation; The piston of this cylinder of through hole of described left and right clamping thimble is that center is with centre bore, for the centre bore of cleaning and air-dry bolt is prepared.
When cleaning, in round brush, thereby bristle and bolt are handed over and rub and play removal dirt, and round brush is cylindrical, and its profile is equipped with nylon silicon carbide micro-powder structure, plays scale removal polishing effect, more effective than the nylon bruss of wire brush and single line.
The described ventilating mechanisms that oils not only can be used for oiling but also can be used for air-dryly, carried out switching controls by valve.When air-dry, open the valve on ventilation duct, conduit is communicated with blower system, and wind is from the ejection of upper oil nozzle until to complete air-dry, air-dry wind regime be air feed from on-the-spot compressed air network (or air compressor machine), consider except moisture and impurity in compressed air through gas/water separation device, in the time oiling, upper oil pipe is delivered to oil nozzle through piping and is oiled from extracting in fuel reserve tank, owing to containing impurity in oil, ventilate and the one that oils, avoid in batch cleaning process impurity to stop up the phenomenon of oil nozzle.
Described nut wiper mechanism, in the time cleaning nut, first passes round brush by nut, fixing between deck before and after being then installed on, and can clean by rotating round brush.
No matter the present invention is from execution architecture, and control system is simplified to operation sequence as far as possible, densification, reliability, operability and the maintainability of simple and practical raising equipment.Under the environment of sealing, clean, air-dry, oil and automatically complete.And be convenient to it be carried out to a series of activities such as technology evaluation, greatly improve personnel's safety and manual operation error and work ratio.
Advantage of the present invention is:
Reasonable in design of the present invention, can realize automation cleaning operation, and its working position sets low, easy and safe to operate, can complete that whole cleanings of bolt centre bore are air-dry to oil and the work such as nut cleaning, the weight of sharing bolt 50% is supported in two unsteady V-type rollings, can prevent bolt distortion.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is front view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is idler structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is nut wiper mechanism blast structural representation.
Detailed description of the invention
Referring to accompanying drawing, a kind of horizontal cleaning machine that cleans bolt thread, include and clean warehouse 1, clean the two ends of warehouse 1 top and set up respectively the left and right clamping thimble 2,3 of mutual correspondence, left clamping thimble 2 is for driving thimble to be rotatably installed in frame, the removable thimble that right clamping thimble 3 is air cylinder driven, the middle part of left and right clamping thimble 2,3 is respectively equipped with for cleaning and air-dry through hole 4, and the external port of through hole 4 is communicated with respectively the mixing duct of realizing cleaning fluid and wind switching; Clean the middle part of warehouse 1 top and set up the carrying roller 5 coordinating with bolt periphery to be cleaned, described cleaning warehouse 1 one sides are provided with the round brush 6 coordinating with bolt 9 two ends flanks to be cleaned and the ventilating mechanisms that oils, the ventilating mechanisms that oils includes conduit 10, the feed end of conduit 10 is connected with oil pipe and ventilation duct, and on upper oil pipe and ventilation duct, distinguish valve, clean the both ends of warehouse 1 opposite side and set up respectively shower 7, the two ends of conduit 10 and shower 7 are respectively equipped with the oil nozzle 21 and the shower nozzle 8 that coordinate with bolt to be cleaned two ends flank.
The body structure that described cleaning warehouse 1 is made up of the cell body of headstock 11, tailstock case 12, electric cabinet 13, Pneumatic controlled box 14, liquid reserve tank 15, receipts liquid case, inclination, cleans warehouse 1 and is provided with upper cover 16; Left clamping thimble 2 is fixedly mounted on the roller end on headstock 11, rotating shaft decelerates to about 100rmp by three phase electric machine through bearing-type decelerator and reduces to 30rmp through Timing Belt again and drive and toply do gyration, right clamping top 3 is the axis body of middle part with through hole, axis body is arranged on tailstock case 12 by axle sleeve 17 guiding, and the rear end of axis body is driven by cylinder piston rod; Carrying roller 5 includes fixed axis 21, and fixed axis 21 is fixedly mounted on the both sides that are fixedly mounted on respectively V-arrangement bearing 22, is overlapping and have sleeve 23 on fixed axis 21; Round brush 6 is nylon bruss, is filled with silicon carbide micro-powder in nylon bruss, and is driven by motor, and its direction of rotation is contrary with left clamping thimble direction of rotation; Nozzle 8 is tubaeform, and the cleaning fluid of its ejection or gas are umbrella or inverted cone shape; Nut wiper mechanism is also installed on headstock 11, nut wiper mechanism includes above-mentioned rotating shaft, headstock 11 1 sides are stretched out and are positioned in rotating shaft, in described rotating shaft, be set with nut round brush 20, on the headstock of headstock 11 rear sides of nut round brush 20 sides, rear deck 18 is installed, on rear deck 18, coordinate front clamp seat 19 is installed, forward and backward deck 19,18 middle parts are provided with the draw-in groove 20 coordinating with nut to be cleaned; The two ends of forward and backward deck 19,18 are respectively equipped with fixing ear 22, and fixing ear 22 is provided with locating hole 23, after forward and backward deck 19,18 is involutory, fixes by inserting bolt in locating hole 23.
According to following steps:
(1), tie up to suitable position, bolt two ends with two V belts, with balance crane, bolt is hung between left and right clamping thimble and fixing, its middle part is supported by carrying roller;
(2), close upper cover start exhaust blower, primer fluid press pump, rinses 60 seconds, closes hydraulic pump, unlatching upper cover, extract the flushing mouth of pipe;
(3) the right clamping thimble of air cylinder driven that, starts tailstock withstands bolt, close upper cover, start main frame and restart the hydraulic pump brushing tool that closes, after scrubbing clean, close hydraulic pump, leave brushing tool, and then the air-dry bolt of unlatching compressed air, air-dry rear closes compression air, then open oil feeding system, oil;
(4), Shutdown Hosts, tailstock cylinder is return, right clamping thimble unclamps, and opens upper cover, bolt is carefully cleaned in warehouse and is shifted out with balance crane, puts well on request.

Claims (7)

1. one kind is cleaned the horizontal cleaning machine of bolt thread, include cleaning warehouse, it is characterized in that: the left and right clamping thimble of mutual correspondence is set up respectively at the two ends of described cleaning warehouse top, described left clamping thimble is for driving thimble to be rotatably installed in frame, the removable thimble that described right clamping thimble is air cylinder driven, the middle part of described left and right clamping thimble is respectively equipped with for cleaning and air-dry through hole, and the external port of described through hole is communicated with respectively the mixing duct of realizing cleaning fluid and wind switching; The carrying roller coordinating with bolt periphery to be cleaned is set up at the middle part of described cleaning warehouse top, described cleaning warehouse one side is provided with the round brush coordinating with bolt to be cleaned two ends flank and the ventilating mechanisms that oils, the described ventilating mechanisms that oils includes conduit, the feed end of described conduit is connected with oil pipe and ventilation duct, and be respectively equipped with valve on upper oil pipe and ventilation duct, shower has been set up respectively at the both ends of described cleaning warehouse opposite side, and the two ends of described conduit and shower are respectively equipped with the oil nozzle and the shower nozzle that coordinate with bolt to be cleaned two ends flank.
2. a kind of horizontal cleaning machine that cleans bolt thread according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the body structure that described cleaning warehouse is made up of the cell body of headstock, tailstock case, electric cabinet, Pneumatic controlled box, liquid reserve tank, receipts liquid case, inclination, described cleaning warehouse is provided with upper cover.
3. a kind of horizontal cleaning machine that cleans bolt thread according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described left clamping thimble is fixedly mounted on the roller end on headstock, described rotating shaft decelerates to 100rmp by three phase electric machine through bearing-type decelerator and reduces to 30rmp through Timing Belt again and drive and toply do gyration, described right clamping thimble is the axis body of middle part with through hole, described axis body is led and is arranged on tailstock case by axle sleeve, and the rear end of axis body is driven by cylinder piston rod.
4. a kind of horizontal cleaning machine that cleans bolt thread according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described carrying roller includes fixed axis, and described fixed axis is fixedly mounted on the both sides that are fixedly mounted on respectively V-arrangement bearing, on described fixed axis, is overlapping and is having sleeve.
5. a kind of horizontal cleaning machine that cleans bolt thread according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described round brush is nylon bruss, in described nylon bruss, be filled with silicon carbide micro-powder, and driven by motor, its direction of rotation is contrary with left clamping thimble direction of rotation.
6. a kind of horizontal cleaning machine that cleans bolt thread according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: nut wiper mechanism is also installed on described headstock, described nut wiper mechanism includes above-mentioned rotating shaft, headstock one side is stretched out and is positioned in described rotating shaft, in described rotating shaft, be set with nut round brush, on the headstock of the headstock rear side of described nut round brush side, rear deck is installed, on described rear deck, coordinate front clamp seat is installed, described forward and backward deck middle part is provided with the draw-in groove coordinating with nut to be cleaned.
7. a kind of horizontal cleaning machine that cleans bolt thread according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the two ends of described forward and backward deck are respectively equipped with fixing ear, described fixing ear is provided with locating hole, after described forward and backward deck is involutory, fixes by inserting bolt in locating hole.
CN201210361322.XA 2012-09-25 2012-09-25 Horizontal cleaning machine for cleaning threads of bolts CN102909196B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210361322.XA CN102909196B (en) 2012-09-25 2012-09-25 Horizontal cleaning machine for cleaning threads of bolts

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210361322.XA CN102909196B (en) 2012-09-25 2012-09-25 Horizontal cleaning machine for cleaning threads of bolts

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102909196A CN102909196A (en) 2013-02-06
CN102909196B true CN102909196B (en) 2014-10-29

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN103586224B (en) * 2013-11-14 2015-07-15 中煤建筑安装工程集团有限公司 Opposite-pulling screw cleaning machine
CN104028514B (en) * 2014-05-29 2016-03-02 昆山中士设备工业有限公司 Screw rod cleaning device
CN104438167B (en) * 2014-12-26 2017-01-11 浙江瑞虹机电股份有限公司 Dirt brushing device for clutch coil shell
CN105396811B (en) * 2015-12-16 2019-06-25 嵊州市西格玛科技有限公司 A kind of screw rod cleaning device for machining graphite center
CN105964604A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-09-28 江苏东奇标准件有限公司 Bolt washing device
CN106180070A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-12-07 耐世特凌云驱动系统(芜湖)有限公司 CV internal ring internal thread broaching cleaning plant
CN106076985B (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-03-06 徐挺 A kind of nut cleaning device
CN107984370A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-05-04 济源市华中冶金机械有限公司 A kind of cold roll polishing machine

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200440066Y1 (en) * 2006-10-24 2008-05-22 만도정공주식회사 Upper roller structure of spiral cleaning apparatus of large size bolt
CN1951582A (en) * 2006-11-15 2007-04-25 周建茗 Axial bearing hoisting grip of bearing cleaning machine
CN101352712A (en) * 2008-08-14 2009-01-28 安东石油技术(集团)有限公司 Automatic cleaner for greasy dirt on surface of petroleum drilling tool joint inner screw thread
CN102380487A (en) * 2011-09-16 2012-03-21 江苏美星大地环保科技有限公司 Cleaning machine
CN102327880B (en) * 2011-10-25 2013-04-24 天润曲轴股份有限公司 Box for washing surface of crank shaft
CN202860930U (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-04-10 合肥兰博电力机具技术有限责任公司 Horizontal type cleaning machine for cleaning threads of bolt

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