CN102747843B - 一种生态房屋供能系统及方法 - Google Patents

一种生态房屋供能系统及方法 Download PDF

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CN102747843B
CN102747843B CN201110100328.7A CN201110100328A CN102747843B CN 102747843 B CN102747843 B CN 102747843B CN 201110100328 A CN201110100328 A CN 201110100328A CN 102747843 B CN102747843 B CN 102747843B
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刘谦
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上海高格工程设计咨询有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种生态房屋供能系统,通过将风力发电机、太阳能发电机、地热供暖装置、沼气发生装置和太阳能热水器等多种节能环保的供能设备有机结合在一起,共同为生态房屋进行供能,本发明还公开了一种生态房屋供能方法。通过该功能系统和方法能够有效满足生态房屋对能源的需要,并且大大降低了对传统能源的需求,同时也保护了环境,非常适于广大农村的生态建设。

Description

一种生态房屋供能系统及方法

技术领域

[0001] 本发明涉及供能技术,更具体地说,涉及一种生态房屋供能系统及方法。

背景技术

[0002]目前,生活建筑的居住供能较多的为管道煤气和电能,由于这两种供能方式普遍用于城市,并且还存在污染大、消耗量大、不可再生等缺陷,而我国广大农村只有使用电能,全面使用管道煤气难以实现,并且大量农村还在使用烧柴等落后的取能方式,造成当地环境破坏严重,还污染了大气。对此,迫切需要一种适用于农村建造的生态房屋,并通过多种节能环保的供能方式来满足该生态房屋的供能。

发明内容

[0003] 针对现有技术中存在的上述的缺点,本发明的目的是提供一种生态房屋供能系统及方法,该供能系统及方法能够提供多种节能环保的能源供生活使用。

[0004] 为实现上述目的,本发明采用如下技术方案:

[0005] —方面,一种生态房屋供能系统,包括:

[0006] 风力发电机和太阳能发电机,设于生态房屋顶部,采集风能、太阳能进行发电,供生活用电;

[0007] 地热供暖装置,设于生态房屋的地下,通过采集地热进行生活供暖;

[0008] 沼气发生装置,与生态房屋的厕所排污管道相连,产生沼气作为生活用燃料;

[0009] 太阳能热水器,设于生态房屋顶部,产生热水供生活用水。

[0010] 所述的地热供暖装置包括:

[0011] 地源热泵,通过藕式直埋循环管来采集浅层地热水;

[0012] 换热器,将生态房屋的供暖水管的水与浅层地热水进行换热;

[0013] 回形地暖管,铺设于生态房屋的地板下并与供暖水管相连,通过换热后的水温进行供暖;

[0014] 储水罐,一端连接供暖水管,一端连接至热水龙头,用以提供生活热水;

[0015] 地暖空调,设于生态房屋内并连接供暖水管,也用以屋内供暖。

[0016] 另一方面,一种生态房屋供能方法,包括以下步骤:

[0017] A.在生态房屋顶部设置风力发电机和太阳能发电机,并分别通过采集风能、太阳能进行发电,供生活用电;

[0018] B.在生态房屋的地下设置地热供暖装置,通过采集地热进行生活供暖;

[0019] C.设置一沼气发生装置,与生态房屋的厕所排污管道相连,通过产生沼气作为生活用燃料;

[0020] D.在生态房屋顶部设置太阳能热水器,通过产生热水供生活用水。

[0021] 在步骤B中,

[0022] 通过设置地源热泵,并通过藕式直埋循环管来采集浅层地热水;

[0023] 通过换热器将生态房屋的供暖水管的水与浅层地热水进行换热;

[0024] 在生态房屋的地板下铺设回形地暖管,并与供暖水管相连,通过换热后的水温进行供暖;

[0025] 将储水罐一端连接供暖水管,一端连接至热水龙头,用以提供生活热水;

[0026] 在生态房屋内设置地暖空调,并连接供暖水管,也用以屋内供暖。

[0027] 在上述技术方案中,本发明的生态房屋供能系统及方法将风力发电机、太阳能发电机、地热供暖装置、沼气发生装置和太阳能热水器等多种节能环保的供能设备有机结合在一起,共同为生态房屋进行供能,从而能够有效满足生态房屋对能源的需要,并且大大降低了对传统能源的需求,同时也保护了环境,非常适于广大农村的生态建设。

附图说明

[0028] 图1是本发明的生态房屋供能系统的原理示意图;

[0029] 图2是本发明的地热供暖装置的原理示意图。

具体实施方式

[0030] 下面结合附图和实施例进一步说明本发明的技术方案。

[0031] 请参阅图1所示,本发明的生态房屋供能系统包括风力发电机1、太阳能发电机2、地热供暖装置3、沼气发生装置4和太阳能热水器5,风力发电机I和太阳能发电机2设于生态房屋6顶部,采集风能、太阳能进行发电,供生活用电;地热供暖装置3设于生态房屋6的地下,通过采集地热进行生活供暖;沼气发生装置4与生态房屋6的厕所排污管道相连,产生沼气作为生活用燃料;太阳能热水器5设于生态房屋6顶部,产生热水供生活用水。请参阅图2所示,地热供暖装置3包括地源热泵31、换热器32、回形地暖管33、储水罐34和地暖空调35等设备,地源热泵31通过藕式直埋循环管36来采集浅层地热水;换热器32将生态房屋6的供暖水管的水与浅层地热水进行换热;回形地暖管33铺设于生态房屋6的地板下并与供暖水管相连,通过换热后的水温进行供暖;储水罐34 —端连接供暖水管,一端连接至热水龙头,用以提供生活热水,如淋浴、洗脸等;地暖空调35设于生态房屋6内并连接供暖水管,也用以屋内供暖。本发明的生态房屋6供能方法与上述系统实质相同,在此不再赘述。

[0032] 采用本发明的该功能系统和方法,能够将多种节能环保的供能设备有机结合在一起,利用多种节能环保可再生能源,来有效满足生态房屋6对能源的需要,并且大大降低了对传统能源的需求,同时也保护了环境,非常适于广大农村的生态建设和发展。

[0033] 本技术领域中的普通技术人员应当认识到,以上的实施例仅是用来说明本发明,而并非用作为对本发明的限定,只要在本发明的实质精神范围内,对以上所述实施例的变化、变型都将落在本发明的权利要求书范围内。

Claims (4)

1.一种生态房屋供能系统,其特征在于,包括: 风力发电机和太阳能发电机,设于生态房屋顶部,采集风能、太阳能进行发电,供生活用电; 地热供暖装置,设于生态房屋的地下,通过采集地热进行生活供暖; 沼气发生装置,与生态房屋的厕所排污管道相连,产生沼气作为生活用燃料; 太阳能热水器,设于生态房屋顶部,产生热水供生活用水。
2.如权利要求1所述的生态房屋供能系统,其特征在于, 所述的地热供暖装置包括: 地源热泵,通过藕式直埋循环管来采集浅层地热水; 换热器,将生态房屋的供暖水管的水与浅层地热水进行换热; 回形地暖管,铺设于生态房屋的地板下并与供暖水管相连,通过换热后的水温进行供暖; 储水罐,一端连接供暖水管,一端连接至热水龙头,用以提供生活热水; 地暖空调,设于生态房屋内并连接供暖水管,也用以屋内供暖。
3.—种生态房屋供能方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤: A.在生态房屋顶部设置风力发电机和太阳能发电机,并分别通过采集风能、太阳能进行发电,供生活用电; B.在生态房屋的地下设置地热供暖装置,通过采集地热进行生活供暖; C.设置一沼气发生装置,与生态房屋的厕所排污管道相连,通过产生沼气作为生活用燃料; D.在生态房屋顶部设置太阳能热水器,通过产生热水供生活用水。
4.如权利要求3所述的生态房屋供能方法,其特征在于, 在步骤B中, 通过设置地源热泵,并通过藕式直埋循环管来采集浅层地热水; 通过换热器将生态房屋的供暖水管的水与浅层地热水进行换热; 在生态房屋的地板下铺设回形地暖管,并与供暖水管相连,通过换热后的水温进行供暖; 将储水罐一端连接供暖水管,一端连接至热水龙头,用以提供生活热水; 在生态房屋内设置地暖空调,并连接供暖水管,也用以屋内供暖。
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CN201748521U (zh) * 2010-07-30 2011-02-16 天津城市建设学院 太阳能/沼气联合采暖系统
CN201764574U (zh) * 2010-09-10 2011-03-16 范志国 一种风力、光能、空气源互补采暖装置
CN202055561U (zh) * 2011-04-20 2011-11-30 上海高格工程设计咨询有限公司 一种生态房屋供能系统

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