CN204645746U - 一种清洁能源生态农房系统 - Google Patents

一种清洁能源生态农房系统 Download PDF

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CN204645746U
CN204645746U CN201520305809.5U CN201520305809U CN204645746U CN 204645746 U CN204645746 U CN 204645746U CN 201520305809 U CN201520305809 U CN 201520305809U CN 204645746 U CN204645746 U CN 204645746U
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solar
room
ecological agriculture
biogas
photovoltaic panel
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李发明
刘世增
刘虎俊
张元恺
万翔
张德魁
刘开琳
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Gansu Desert Control Research Institute
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

本实用新型公开了一种清洁能源生态农房系统,包括生态农房、太阳能热水系统、太阳能光伏板、沼气房及厨房;太阳能热水器通过给热水管道与暖气片相连,所述太阳能光伏板由若干太阳能光伏发电单晶硅板组成,并与配电柜及蓄电池连接;沼气房与太阳能热水器连接,沼气房还通过沼气管道与厨房连接。本实用新型设计合理、本生态农房可持续使用10—15年,将多种可再生能源的综合利用技术应用于乡村农户家庭的生产和生活上,提高了可再生能源的综合利用率,降低了农户生活用能源成本,环保无污染,具有很大的推广潜力。

Description

一种清洁能源生态农房系统
技术领域
[0001] 本实用新型属于能源循环利用领域,具体为一种清洁能源生态农房系统。
背景技术
[0002] 能源是支撑现代文明社会发展的主要基础物质之一,随着传统矿物能源,如石油、煤等的日益消耗,能源问题成为人类社会普遍关注的焦点和必须解决的重大课题。可再生能源综合利用的对象是乡村农户家庭,太阳能及农户养殖中产生的禽畜粪便,生活垃圾,生活污水生产的沼气多种可再生能源综合利用的模式,建立复合能源系统,既能提供能源也能保护环境,还能达到节能减排的目的。乡村通过太阳能热水器,太阳能光伏电源,太阳能灶等可再生能源的利用推动了乡村传统生活用能方式向清洁,绿色用能方式的转变,使农民生活质量得到改善。将节能环保,变废为宝,多种可再生能源的综合利用技术应用于乡村农户家庭的生产和生活上,对农业现代化发展和农业经济建设都具有十分重要的意义。
实用新型内容
[0003] 本实用新型目的是建立清洁能源生态农房系统,实现综合利用太阳能及沼气能,对农村家庭生活、生产提供必要的能源,实现对废弃物变废为宝,且无污染、利于环境保护。
[0004] 本实用新型采用以下技术方案:一种清洁能源生态农房系统,包括生态农房、太阳能热水系统、太阳能光伏板、沼气房及厨房,所述生态农房设有室内供暖系统及配电系统,所述室内供暖系统包括给热水管道、温度控制器、定时循环器及暖气片;所述配电系统由配电柜和蓄电池组成;所述的太阳能热水系统由若干家用太阳能热水器串联而成,太阳能热水器还设有水位传感器;太阳能热水器通过给热水管道与暖气片相连,且给热水管道设有定时循环器及温度控制器;所述的太阳能光伏板设置在该生态农房的屋顶,所述的太阳能光伏板由若干太阳能光伏发电单晶硅板组成,并与配电柜及蓄电池连接;沼气房与太阳能热水器连接,沼气房还通过沼气管道与厨房连接。
[0005] 作为本实用新型进一步的方案,生活及农业生产废弃物排入沼气房作为沼气发酵原料,产生沼气用于烧菜煮饭,剩余沼液、沼渣用于农田种植施肥。
[0006] 作为本实用新型进一步的方案,太阳能热水系统用于生态农房的生活热水及室内供暖。
[0007] 作为本实用新型进一步的方案,给热水管道由无缝镀锌钢管制成,暖气片为纳米暖气片。
[0008] 作为本实用新型进一步的方案,室内供暖系统还包括用环保安全的保暖材料处理进行改造的保暖墙体。
[0009] 作为本实用新型进一步的方案,所述的太阳能光伏板的板面向南和屋顶面成倾角和当地冬季太阳高度角呈直角。
[0010] 本实用新型的有益效果是:本实用新型设计合理、本生态农房可持续使用10 —15年,将多种可再生能源的综合利用技术应用于乡村农户家庭的生产和生活上,提高了可再生能源的综合利用率,解决了农户用能问题,提高了农户收益和降低农户生产成本;并通过沼气发酵技术清除农户生活与生产中的废弃物,减少农户用煤、薪柴等易污染燃料,实现农户清洁、村容整洁、环保无污染具有很大的推广潜力。
附图说明
[0011] 图1为本实用新型连接结构示意图;
[0012] 图2为本实用新型原理功能示意图。
具体实施方式
[0013] 下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本实用新型作进一步阐述。
[0014] 如图1-2所示,一种清洁能源生态农房系统,包括生态农房、太阳能热水系统、太阳能光伏板1、沼气房11及厨房10 ;所述生态农房设有室内供暖系统及配电系统,所述室内供暖系统包括给热水管道4、温度控制器8、定时循环器5及暖气片9 ;室内供暖系统还包括用环保安全的保暖材料处理进行改造的保暖墙体。所述配电系统由配电柜6和蓄电池7组成;太阳能热水系统用于生态农房的生活热水及室内供暖,所述的太阳能热水系统由若干家用太阳能热水器2串联而成,太阳能热水器2还设有水位传感器3 ;太阳能热水器3通过给热水管道4与暖气片9相连,给热水管道4由无缝镀锌钢管制成,暖气片9为纳米暖气片;且给热水管道4设有定时循环器5及温度控制器8 ;所述的太阳能光伏板I设置在该生态农房的屋顶,所述的太阳能光伏板的板面向南和屋顶面成倾角和当地冬季太阳高度角呈直角。所述的太阳能光伏板I由若干太阳能光伏发电单晶硅板组成,并与配电柜6及蓄电池7连接;沼气房11与太阳能热水器2连接,沼气房11还通过沼气管道与厨房10连接;生活及农业生产废弃物排入沼气房作为沼气发酵原料,产生沼气用于烧菜煮饭,剩余沼液、沼渣用于农田种植施肥。
[0015] 以上所描述的实施例仅仅是本实用新型一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本实用新型中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本实用新型保护的范围。

Claims (3)

1.一种清洁能源生态农房系统,其特征在于,包括生态农房、太阳能热水系统、太阳能光伏板、沼气房及厨房,所述生态农房设有室内供暖系统及配电系统,所述室内供暖系统包括给热水管道、温度控制器、定时循环器及暖气片;所述配电系统由配电柜和蓄电池组成;所述的太阳能热水系统由若干家用太阳能热水器串联而成,太阳能热水器还设有水位传感器;太阳能热水器通过给热水管道与暖气片相连,且给热水管道设有定时循环器及温度控制器;所述的太阳能光伏板设置在该生态农房的屋顶,所述的太阳能光伏板由若干太阳能光伏发电单晶硅板组成,并与配电柜及蓄电池连接;沼气房与太阳能热水器连接,沼气房还通过沼气管道与厨房连接。
2.如权利要求1所述的一种清洁能源生态农房系统,其特征在于,给热水管道由无缝镀锌钢管制成,暖气片为纳米暖气片。
3.如权利要求1所述的一种清洁能源生态农房系统,其特征在于,所述的太阳能光伏板的板面向南和屋顶面成倾角和当地冬季太阳高度角呈直角。
CN201520305809.5U 2015-05-12 2015-05-12 一种清洁能源生态农房系统 Expired - Fee Related CN204645746U (zh)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104806051A (zh) * 2015-05-12 2015-07-29 甘肃省治沙研究所 一种清洁能源生态农房系统
CN107269034A (zh) * 2017-06-08 2017-10-20 东北石油大学 一种新型节能环保室外卫生间
CN108036349A (zh) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-15 重庆三峰环境产业集团有限公司 一种多途径充分利用沼气的系统及方法

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104806051A (zh) * 2015-05-12 2015-07-29 甘肃省治沙研究所 一种清洁能源生态农房系统
CN107269034A (zh) * 2017-06-08 2017-10-20 东北石油大学 一种新型节能环保室外卫生间
CN107269034B (zh) * 2017-06-08 2019-01-04 东北石油大学 一种节能环保室外卫生间
CN108036349A (zh) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-15 重庆三峰环境产业集团有限公司 一种多途径充分利用沼气的系统及方法

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