CN102715638B - Solar energy and waste heat comprehensive utilization energy-saving curing barn with floating seedling cultivation function - Google Patents

Solar energy and waste heat comprehensive utilization energy-saving curing barn with floating seedling cultivation function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102715638B
CN102715638B CN201210242628.3A CN201210242628A CN102715638B CN 102715638 B CN102715638 B CN 102715638B CN 201210242628 A CN201210242628 A CN 201210242628A CN 102715638 B CN102715638 B CN 102715638B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
energy
heat
barn
solar energy
curing barn
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201210242628.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102715638A (en
Inventor
杨跃
杨明
张如阳
王伟
张毅
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YUNNAN TOBACCO Co PUER BRANCH
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YUNNAN TOBACCO Co PUER BRANCH
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Priority to CN201210242628.3A priority Critical patent/CN102715638B/en
Publication of CN102715638A publication Critical patent/CN102715638A/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention discloses a solar energy and waste heat comprehensive utilization energy-saving curing barn with a floating seedling cultivation function, comprising a curing barn heating chamber, a tobacco curing chamber and a heat energy recovering device, wherein the heat energy recovering device is arranged in a moisture removal channel; a moisture flow of the heat energy recovering device is communicated with the moisture removal channel, and a dry gas flow of the heat energy recovering device is connected with a curing barn air inlet system; and the tobacco curing chamber is provided with a floating seedling cultivation water tank on which a sunlight greenhouse is arranged. A greenhouse environment suitable for cultivating a tobacco seedling is built by using the sunlight greenhouse, the seedling cultivation water tank is used as a seedling floating cultivation tank, and meanwhile, hot air of the sunlight greenhouse is introduced to the curing barn and used for replenishing the heat of the curing barn together with hot air of recovered heat of an efficient heat exchange device in the moisture removal channel, so that the work intensity of a heating furnace of the curing barn is relieved, the fuel consumption is effectively reduced by 10-30%, and the discharge of carbon monoxide is reduced by 70-80%. By using the solar energy and waste heat comprehensive utilization energy-saving curing barn with the seedling floating cultivation function, the utilization ratios of an energy source and a space are increased, the seedling cultivation greenhouse building investment is reduced, the land resource is saved, energy conservation and emission reduction are realized, and the ecological and economic benefits are remarkable.

Description

A kind of solar energy and residual heat integrative with floating seedlings function utilizes energy saving
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of tobacco processing, further belong to tobacco roasting technical field, be specifically related to one and can effectively utilize green energy resource, and the solar energy with floating seedlings function and the residual heat integrative of gathering Thermal Synthetic energy recovery and utilization technology utilize energy saving.
Background technology
Applying of intensive baking room technology, overcome many defects of traditional flue-curing barn, but intensive baking room still exists two distinct issues, one, and barn heat-supplying mode is single.Generally adopt coal or fuel wood as fuel.Coal belongs to non-renewable fossil type fuel, fuel wood derives from green xylophyta, using coal or fuel wood as monistic barn fuel, do not meet the idea of development of ecological, environmental protective, more disagree with Yunnan strong " the two powers one fort " strategic planning of development economized of promoting a conservation culture.Its two, curing barn heat and humidity gas is outer row directly, fuel energy utilization rate is low.The fuel energy consumption of barn mainly comprises five parts: the one, discharge the essential energy of moisture content in leaves, and effective heat energy, accounts for gross energy 30 ~ 45%; The 2nd, do not have to make heat and directly outer row's energy of exchange of moisture with tobacco leaf, i.e. invalid heat energy, accounts for gross energy 10 ~ 20%; The 3rd, fuel flue gas is arranged energy outward, accounts for gross energy 10 ~ 15%; The 4th, the heat of non-complete combustion of fuel loss, accounts for 20 ~ 10%; The 5th, the heat of barn heat radiation and other loss, accounts for 30 ~ 10%.Wherein, effectively heat energy and invalid heat energy account for the 40-65% of total energy consumption, and this part energy is directly arranged with the form of hot humid gas from the moisture exhausting port of barn, is the low main cause of barn fuel energy utilization rate.As can be seen here, prior art bulk curing barn exists the energy single, using energy source deficiency, many deficiencies such as outer heat exhaust is large, exploitation one can make full use of this clean energy resource of solar energy, reduce coal-fired consumption, and the energy-saving bulk curing barn of energy effective recycling hydrofuge heat energy, be the key that realizes green flue-cured tobacco.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of simple in structure, process stabilizing is reliable, can make full use of this clean energy resource of solar energy, reduce coal-fired consumption, and the solar energy with floating seedlings function and the residual heat integrative of energy effective recycling hydrofuge heat energy utilize energy saving.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, comprise barn heating clamber, tobacco flue-curing house, heat-energy recovering apparatus, in the hydrofuge passage that described heat-energy recovering apparatus is arranged at, the moisture flow process of heat-energy recovering apparatus and hydrofuge passage connect, the dry gas flow process of heat-energy recovering apparatus connects barn gas handling system, described top, flue-cured tobacco chamber arranges floating seedlings tank, and sun glasshouse is set on tank.
The present invention utilizes sun glasshouse to build the greenhouse of applicable cultivation cigarette seedling, grow seedlings tank as Flotage seedling raising pool, the hot-air of sun glasshouse is imported in barn simultaneously, together with the hot-air that reclaims heat with high-efficiency heat exchanger in hydrofuge passage, supplement barn heat, reduce barn heating furnace work intensity, effectively reduce fuel consumption 10 ~ 30%, reduce CO emission 70-80%.The present invention has improved the utilization rate in the energy and space, reduces the consumption of the mineral matter energy and forest tree resource, reduces hot and humid gas and arranges the pollution to environment outward, and the construction investment of saving seedling cultivation greenhouse, save land resource, realized energy-saving and emission-reduction, ecological benefits and remarkable in economical benefits.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the half sectional view of overlooking of Fig. 1;
In figure: 1-barn heating clamber, 2-flue-cured tobacco chamber, 3-side cleaning door, 4-heat-energy recovering apparatus, 5-hydrofuge passage, 6-chimney, 7-blower fan, 8-air inlet, 9-air hole, 10-hangs tobacco rod, 11-assisted heating device, 12-crossbeam, 13-is incubated top board, and 14-bakes smokebox door, 15-sun glasshouse, 16-greenhouse door, the 17-tank of growing seedlings, 18-water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe, 19-seedlings nursing plate, 20-cigarette seedling, 21-hot gas conduit, the unidirectional air door of 22-, 23-greenhouse air inlet.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further illustrated, but never in any form the present invention is limited, and any change or the improvement done based on training centre of the present invention, all belong to protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in the figure, the present invention includes barn heating clamber 1, flue-cured tobacco chamber 2, heat-energy recovering apparatus 4, described heat-energy recovering apparatus 4 is arranged in the hydrofuge passage 5 of barn, moisture flow process and the hydrofuge passage 5 of heat-energy recovering apparatus 4 connect, the dry gas flow process of heat-energy recovering apparatus 4 connects barn gas handling system, described 2 tops, flue-cured tobacco chamber arrange floating seedlings tank 17, and sun glasshouse 15 is set on tank.
Described sun glasshouse 15 arranges greenhouse door 16 and air hole 9.
Described sun glasshouse's 15 1 sides arrange hot gas conduit 21 and are communicated with barn air inlet.
Described hot gas conduit 21 front ends arrange unidirectional air door 22.
On the described tank 17 of growing seedlings, seedlings nursing plate 19 is set.
Described sun glasshouse 15 arranges greenhouse air inlet 23 corresponding to the offside of hot gas conduit 21.
Described greenhouse air inlet 23 is unidirectional air inlet structure.
Before the air inlet 8 of described flue-cured tobacco chamber 2, assisted heating device 11 is set.
The described tank 17 of growing seedlings at least arranges a water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe 18.
Described barn heating clamber 1 inwall and/or flue-cured tobacco outdoor wall surface be the thick thermal insulation coatings layer of the about 0.3-8mm of spraying evenly, and described thermal insulation coatings layer is infrared thermal insulation coatings layer, and coating layer thickness is 0.6-5mm.
Operation principle of the present invention:
The present invention is directed to prior art barn and adopt single heat-supplying mode, the problem that fuel energy utilization rate is low, with " sun glasshouse's hot gas exchange " and " moisture heat recovery " technology, auxiliary efficient assisted heating device, the utilization of formation green energy resource is abundant, the bulk curing barn technical scheme of energy-saving and emission-reduction.Hot gas in sun glasshouse 15 is directly sent into flue-cured tobacco chamber 2, and direct and tobacco leaf carries out temperature, humidity exchange; " waste heat recovery " is the heat that utilizes " hot and humid gas " of discharging from hydrofuge passage 5, the heat exchange that " cold dry air " is added to thermosetting " xeothermic gas " after high-efficiency heat exchanger heat exchange in being arranged at hydrofuge passage 5 and enter barn participation barn.
The present invention has built the environment of applicable cultivation cigarette seedling with sun glasshouse, the tank 17 of growing seedlings substitutes prior art barn roof as Flotage seedling raising pool, makes full use of the barn roof space, has improved the utilization rate in the energy and space, and the construction investment of saving seedling cultivation greenhouse, save land resource.
The present invention, to adopting infrared thermal insulation coatings to be incubated processing to barn, can effectively suppress various heat by conductions and radiant heat, reduces barn thermal loss more than 30%.
The present invention keep prior art barn basic structure and facility matching relationship constant, be particularly suitable for efficiency and the environmental protection upgrading of existing bulk curing barn, meet the development need of green flue-cured tobacco industry.
The course of work of the present invention:
Sun glasshouse 15 is through solar light irradiation, and internal temperature raises fast, and hot-air wherein imports barn heating clamber 1 through hot gas conduit 21, enters flue-cured tobacco chamber 2 through air inlet.The heat of hot and humid gas is flowed through to be formed xeothermic gas and is admitted to heating clamber 1 simultaneously and recycles after the dry air exchange of high-efficiency heat exchanger is reclaimed.Grow seedlings tank 17 as Flotage seedling raising pool for cultivating cigarette seedling.Need to be rapidly heated and heat time, can open assisted heating device 11, to barn heating clamber 1 additional heat.Hot-air is sent into behind flue-cured tobacco chamber 2, under hot-air is backward by smoke stratification, returns to barn heating clamber 1 and recycles.Barn temperature, humidity have control system to realize Automatic Control.
Feature of the present invention:
1, be expected to substitute the traditional energy that existing barn uses, full use green, the energy capable of circulation.
2, energy-saving effect is remarkable, more existing barn saving energy 10 ~ 30%.
3, environmental benefit is obvious, reduces greenhouse gas emission more than 90% above pollutant emission and 60%.

Claims (8)

1. solar energy and a residual heat integrative with floating seedlings function utilizes energy saving, comprise barn heating clamber (1), flue-cured tobacco chamber (2), heat-energy recovering apparatus (4), described heat-energy recovering apparatus (4) is arranged in the hydrofuge passage (5) of barn, the moisture flow process of heat-energy recovering apparatus (4) and hydrofuge passage (5) connect, the dry gas flow process of heat-energy recovering apparatus (4) connects barn gas handling system, it is characterized in that: described top, flue-cured tobacco chamber (2) arranges floating seedlings tank (17), and sun glasshouse (15) is set on tank; Described sun glasshouse's (15) one sides arrange hot gas conduit (21) and are communicated with barn air inlet, and sun glasshouse (15) arranges greenhouse air inlet (23) corresponding to the offside of hot gas conduit (21).
2. solar energy and the residual heat integrative with floating seedlings function according to claim 1 utilizes energy saving, it is characterized in that: described sun glasshouse (15) arranges greenhouse door (16) and air hole (9).
3. solar energy and the residual heat integrative with floating seedlings function according to claim 1 utilizes energy saving, it is characterized in that: described hot gas conduit (21) front end arranges unidirectional air door (22).
4. solar energy and the residual heat integrative with floating seedlings function according to claim 1 utilizes energy saving, it is characterized in that: on the described tank of growing seedlings (17), seedlings nursing plate (19) is set.
5. solar energy and the residual heat integrative with floating seedlings function according to claim 1 utilizes energy saving, it is characterized in that: described greenhouse air inlet (23) is unidirectional air inlet structure.
6. solar energy and the residual heat integrative with floating seedlings function according to claim 1 utilizes energy saving, it is characterized in that: the front assisted heating device (11) that arranges of air inlet (8) of described flue-cured tobacco chamber (2).
7. solar energy and the residual heat integrative with floating seedlings function according to claim 1 utilizes energy saving, it is characterized in that: the described tank of growing seedlings (17) at least arranges a water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe (18).
8. solar energy and the residual heat integrative with floating seedlings function according to claim 1 utilizes energy saving, it is characterized in that: described barn heating clamber (1) inwall and/or flue-cured tobacco chamber (2) wall face evenly spray the thermal insulation coatings floor that about 0.3-8mm is thick.
CN201210242628.3A 2012-07-13 2012-07-13 Solar energy and waste heat comprehensive utilization energy-saving curing barn with floating seedling cultivation function Expired - Fee Related CN102715638B (en)

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CN201210242628.3A CN102715638B (en) 2012-07-13 2012-07-13 Solar energy and waste heat comprehensive utilization energy-saving curing barn with floating seedling cultivation function

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CN201210242628.3A CN102715638B (en) 2012-07-13 2012-07-13 Solar energy and waste heat comprehensive utilization energy-saving curing barn with floating seedling cultivation function

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CN102715638B true CN102715638B (en) 2014-07-30

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105341989A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-02-24 关勇河 Greenhouse tobacco curing barn
CN105341983A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-02-24 关勇河 Solar automatic irrigating greenhouse tobacco curing barn

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4263721A (en) * 1979-12-14 1981-04-28 Danford Tiras J Energy efficient bulk tobacco curing and drying structure
CN1765240A (en) * 2005-11-21 2006-05-03 刘奕平 Green house barn

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4069593A (en) * 1976-06-07 1978-01-24 Huang Barney K Solar curing and drying structure and method of utilizing solar energy associated with available solar radiation in curing and drying various materials
US4114288A (en) * 1976-10-14 1978-09-19 Fowler Joe W Bulk cure tobacco barn with improvements in construction for optimizing heating efficiency
IT8084960D0 (en) * 1980-09-19 1980-09-19 Olivieri Oliviero DRIER FOR TOBACCO WITH EXTERNAL SPACE FOR HEATING AIR BY MEANS OF SOLAR HEAT.
CN2394453Y (en) * 1999-06-24 2000-09-06 黄胡东 Automatic control combined high temperature hot oil tobacco leaf first drying and grow seedling equipment
BRPI0505023A (en) * 2005-11-22 2007-08-07 Souza Cruz Sa smoke leaf curing greenhouse solar collector and air heating method circulating through a smoke leaf curing greenhouse
CN200973346Y (en) * 2006-11-30 2007-11-14 张华明 Tobacco leaf compression type bake room combined device used solar to reduce coal consumption
CN201243615Y (en) * 2008-12-26 2009-05-27 贵州泰辰建筑节能新材料有限公司 Multifunctional integrated flue-curing barn
CN202232938U (en) * 2011-09-07 2012-05-30 云南省烟草公司普洱市公司 Energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing room being capable of recycling wicked moisture and waste heat

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4263721A (en) * 1979-12-14 1981-04-28 Danford Tiras J Energy efficient bulk tobacco curing and drying structure
CN1765240A (en) * 2005-11-21 2006-05-03 刘奕平 Green house barn

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