CN202232938U - Energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing room being capable of recycling wicked moisture and waste heat - Google Patents

Energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing room being capable of recycling wicked moisture and waste heat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202232938U
CN202232938U CN2011203339067U CN201120333906U CN202232938U CN 202232938 U CN202232938 U CN 202232938U CN 2011203339067 U CN2011203339067 U CN 2011203339067U CN 201120333906 U CN201120333906 U CN 201120333906U CN 202232938 U CN202232938 U CN 202232938U
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China
Prior art keywords
moisture
heat
tobacco flue
saving unit
energy
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011203339067U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘杰
杨跃
秦世春
张俊
普小云
韩永康
欧晓昆
周建伟
瞿健文
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
YUNNAN TOBACCO Co PUER BRANCH
Yunnan University YNU
Original Assignee
YUNNAN TOBACCO Co PUER BRANCH
Yunnan University YNU
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Application filed by YUNNAN TOBACCO Co PUER BRANCH, Yunnan University YNU filed Critical YUNNAN TOBACCO Co PUER BRANCH
Priority to CN2011203339067U priority Critical patent/CN202232938U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202232938U publication Critical patent/CN202232938U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing room being capable of recycling wicked moisture and waste heat, comprising a heating chamber and a tobacco flue-curing chamber, wherein the lower part of the heating chamber is provided with a heating furnace chamber, the upper part of the heating chamber is provided with a circulating wind chamber, the front part of the heating furnace chamber is provided with a furnace mouth, an ash hole and a blast hole, the blast hole is connected with a blast blower, moisture wicking holes are formed at the two sides of the bottom of the heating furnace chamber, a cold air inlet is arranged above each moisture wicking hole, and the front part of the circulating wind chamber is provided with a blast blower maintenance channel; the moisture wicking holes are communicated with a moisture channel of a moisture heat transfer device, the moisture channel is internally and vertically provided with a heat transfer component, the air inlet end of an inner pipe of the heat transfer component stretches out the moisture heat transfer device, the air outlets of the inner pipe of the heat transfer component are converged into a dry-hot-gas collecting pipe, and the dry-hot-gas collecting pipe is communicated with the air inlet of a baking and heating chamber. By adopting the energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing room being capable of recycling wicked moisture and waste heat disclosed by the utility model, heat in wicked moisture can be fully recycled and can be directly taken as an auxiliary thermal source for a tobacco flue-curing room, temperature of air charged into the heating chamber can be improved by more than 5 DEG C, pollution to the environment is reduced, and energy is saved while emission is reduced.

Description

The recyclable energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing house that utilizes the hydrofuge waste heat
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the tobacco flue-curing field of energy-saving technology, is specifically related to a kind ofly can effectively reclaim tobacco curing barn hydrofuge heat energy, realizes the recyclable energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing house that utilizes the hydrofuge waste heat of energy-saving and cost-reducing purpose.
Background technology
Tobacco business is the important industry of national economy, along with energy supply and demand contradiction, and being on the rise of environmental problem, the energy-saving and emission-reduction problem in the tobacco processing course receives people's attention.In the tobacco flue-curing field, the unit barn of prior art exists heat energy utilization not replenish, and fuel combustion not exclusively causes the drawback of the meaningless loss of energy.Tobacco flue-curing mainly is divided into two stages, and the one, in the little fire stage of tobacco leaf flavescence, fire coal is in the vexed combustion stage of the flames of anger in this stage heating furnace, and fired coal combustion is incomplete, can produce a large amount of CO, contaminated environment not only, and waste energy; The 2nd, fixation and dried muscle stage; This moment, the heating furnace fired coal combustion was more abundant, can more sufficient heat energy be provided for the flue-cured tobacco chamber, but this moment, a large amount of hot and humid gas were externally discharged in the flue-cured tobacco chamber; This part damp-heat air temperature is many more than 40 ℃; Even up to 70 ℃, directly enter atmosphere and both polluted environment, more caused the waste of the energy.Therefore, pressing for that exploitation is a kind of can effective recycling hydrofuge heat energy, comprehensively reduces the tobacco flue-curing house of tobacco flue-curing house energy consumption, overcomes the deficiency of prior art, reaches the purpose of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of technology easy, and the hydrofuge energy recovery is abundant, the recyclable energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing house that utilizes the hydrofuge waste heat that effectively cuts down the consumption of energy.
The purpose of the utility model is achieved in that and comprises heating clamber, flue-cured tobacco chamber that described heating clamber bottom is provided with heated oven chamber; Top is provided with the circulation air compartment; The heated oven chamber front portion is provided with fire door, ash hole and blast orifice, and blast orifice connects air blast, and heated oven chamber's two bottom sides is provided with moisture exhausting port; The moisture exhausting port top is provided with the cold wind import, and circulation air compartment front portion is provided with the air blast maintenance channel; Described moisture exhausting port is communicated with the moisture passage of moisture heat-exchanger rig; Heat-exchanging component vertically is set in the moisture passage; The pipe inlet end stretches out outside the moisture heat-exchanger rig in the heat-exchanging component; Interior pipe outlet side converges in the xeothermic gas collecting pipe, and xeothermic gas collecting pipe is communicated with the air inlet of roasting heating clamber through xeothermic gas mozzle.
The utility model carries out exchange heat through the moisture heat-exchanger rig with the outdoor row's of flue-cured tobacco high temperature moisture and normal temperature fresh air; Can fully reclaim heat in the hydrofuge gas directly as the auxiliary thermal source of flue-cured tobacco chamber; The intake air temperature that can improve the entering heating clamber can significantly reduce the temperature that effluxes hot and humid gas simultaneously more than 5 ℃, reduces the pollution to environment; Energy-saving and emission-reduction have obtained the doulbe-sides' victory effect of ecological benefits and economic benefit.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a prior art barn structural upright sketch map;
Fig. 2 is the utility model overall structure sketch map;
Among the figure: the 1-heating clamber; 2-flue-cured tobacco chamber; The 3-moisture exhausting port; The 4-fire door; 5-circulating fan maintenance channel; The import of 6-cold wind; The 7-control device; The 8-chimney; The 9-air blast; 10-moisture heat-exchanger rig; The 11-heat-exchanging component, the xeothermic gas mozzle of 12-; 13-side cleaning door.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described, but never in any form the utility model is limited,, all belong to the protection domain of the utility model based on any change or the improvement that the utility model training centre is done.
Fig. 1 shows the structure of prior art barn, and its moisture exhausting port leads directly to atmosphere, and the heat of high temperature moisture is not recycled, and has caused very big waste.Simultaneously be in yellowing stage owing to newly go into the new fresh tobacco leaf phase I of flue-cured tobacco chamber, baking temperature is low, and the coal combustion is in the little fire of steady burning, and in fact fire coal can't the imperfect combustion state, and not only waste is coal-fired, and discharges CO in a large number, has caused environmental pollution.
Fig. 2 shows the utility model overall structure, air-flow decline working method.The utility model comprises heating clamber 1, flue-cured tobacco chamber 2; Described heating clamber 1 bottom is provided with heated oven chamber, and top is provided with the circulation air compartment, and the heated oven chamber front portion is provided with fire door 4, ash hole and blast orifice; Blast orifice connects air blast 9; Heated oven chamber's two bottom sides is provided with moisture exhausting port 3, and moisture exhausting port 3 tops are provided with cold wind import 6, and circulation air compartment front portion is provided with air blast maintenance channel 5; Described moisture exhausting port 3 is communicated with the moisture passage of moisture heat-exchanger rig 10; Heat-exchanging component 11 vertically is set in the moisture passage; The pipe inlet end stretches out outside the moisture heat-exchanger rig 10 in the heat-exchanging component 11; Interior pipe outlet side converges in the xeothermic gas collecting pipe, and xeothermic gas collecting pipe is communicated with the air inlet of roasting heating clamber 1 through xeothermic gas mozzle 12.
Described xeothermic gas collecting pipe is positioned at a side of the moisture passage of moisture heat-exchanger rig 10, end sealing, and the other end is communicated with xeothermic gas mozzle 12.
Described heat-exchanging component 11 is made up of parallel and staggered thin-wall copper pipe, is the dry gas passage in the pipe, forms full of twists and turns moisture passage between pipe, to prolong the heat exchanger time of moisture, improves heat exchanger effectiveness.
Described heat-exchanging component 11 is finned heat-exchanging component, and interior pipe leads to dry gas, and fin contact moisture increases heat exchange area, improves heat exchange efficiency.
Described xeothermic gas collecting pipe is communicated with cold wind import 6 through xeothermic gas mozzle 12 and gets into heating clamber 1.
The dry gas entrance point of described moisture heat-exchanger rig 10 is provided with the adjusting grid, by the temperature conditions of control device 7 according to the flue-cured tobacco chamber, regulates the folding degree of grid, regulates xeothermic gas intake, realizes the regulation and control to flue-cured tobacco indoor temperature, humidity.
The dry gas entrance point top of described moisture heat-exchanger rig 10 is provided with rain shade, prevents that rainwater from getting into the dry gas pipeline.
Described moisture heat-exchanger rig 10 moisture ports of export below is provided with hot well.
The described moisture port of export also is provided with exhaust collection pipe (not shown), and the exhaust collection pipe will still be higher than the hydrofuge tail gas of environment temperature and draw utilization again as thermal source, with further recovery heat energy.
Fig. 2 shows structure and the configuration relation that the utility model is implemented at air-flow descending manner barn.The utility model technical scheme can be implemented on air-flow ascending manner barn, can realize the purpose of the utility model equally.
The operation principle of the utility model and the course of work:
The utility model reclaims the high temperature moisture heat that flue-cured tobacco chamber 2 hydrofuges go out through the moisture heat-exchanger rig, and as heat transferring medium, the xeothermic gas of formation is imported in the flue-cured tobacco chamber 2 as auxiliary thermal source with air.Can reduce the external discharging of hot and humid gas on the one hand, the xeothermic gas that reclaims the moisture heat on the other hand gets into heating clamber 1 through cold wind import 6, heating clamber 1 intake air temperature is improved, thereby reduce coal-fired consumption, has realized the double goal of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
The moisture exhausting port 3 of barn heating clamber 1 connects moisture heat-exchanger rig 10; Xeothermic gas collecting pipe connects xeothermic gas mozzle 12; Xeothermic gas imports the interior gas-circulating system of the flue-cured tobacco chamber 2 of barn through cold wind import 6 controlled systems; Substitute and reduce the heat output of heating clamber 1, thereby reduce the fire coal consumption of heating clamber 1, reach the purpose of synthetic energy-saving discharge-reducing.
Following table is for implementing the energy-saving effect contrast table of the utility model:
The investigation project Parameter
CO reduction of discharging rate 20%
Other pollution reductions 20%
Reduce coal-fired consumption 10-15%
Lower the hydrofuge temperature 10
Investment payback time <3 years

Claims (8)

1. recyclable energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing house that utilizes the hydrofuge waste heat; Comprise heating clamber (1), flue-cured tobacco chamber (2), described heating clamber (1) bottom is provided with heated oven chamber, and top is provided with the circulation air compartment; The heated oven chamber front portion is provided with fire door (4), ash hole and blast orifice; Blast orifice connects air blast (9), and heated oven chamber's two bottom sides is provided with moisture exhausting port (3), and moisture exhausting port (3) top is provided with cold wind import (6); Circulation air compartment front portion is provided with air blast maintenance channel (5); It is characterized in that: described moisture exhausting port (3) is communicated with the moisture passage of moisture heat-exchanger rig (10), and heat-exchanging component (11) vertically is set in the moisture passage, and the pipe inlet end stretches out outside the moisture heat-exchanger rig (10) in the heat-exchanging component (11); Interior pipe outlet side converges in the xeothermic gas collecting pipe, and xeothermic gas collecting pipe is communicated with the air inlet of roasting heating clamber (1) through xeothermic gas mozzle (12).
2. the recyclable energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing house that utilizes the hydrofuge waste heat according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described xeothermic gas collecting pipe is positioned at a side of the moisture passage of moisture heat-exchanger rig (10); The sealing of one end, the other end is communicated with xeothermic gas mozzle (12).
3. the recyclable energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing house that utilizes the hydrofuge waste heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described heat-exchanging component (11) is made up of parallel and staggered thin-wall copper pipe.
4. according to claim 1 or the 3 described recyclable energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing houses that utilize the hydrofuge waste heat, it is characterized in that: described heat-exchanging component (11) is finned heat-exchanging component.
5. the recyclable energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing house that utilizes the hydrofuge waste heat according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described xeothermic gas collecting pipe is communicated with cold wind import (6) through xeothermic gas mozzle (12) and gets into heating clamber (1).
6. the recyclable energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing house that utilizes the hydrofuge waste heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the dry gas entrance point of described moisture heat-exchanger rig (10) is provided with the adjusting grid.
7. according to claim 1 or the 6 described recyclable energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing houses that utilize the hydrofuge waste heat, it is characterized in that: the dry gas entrance point top of described moisture heat-exchanger rig (10) is provided with rain shade.
8. according to claim 1 or the 6 described recyclable energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing houses that utilize the hydrofuge waste heat, it is characterized in that: described moisture heat-exchanger rig (10) moisture port of export below is provided with hot well.
CN2011203339067U 2011-09-07 2011-09-07 Energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing room being capable of recycling wicked moisture and waste heat Expired - Fee Related CN202232938U (en)

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CN2011203339067U CN202232938U (en) 2011-09-07 2011-09-07 Energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing room being capable of recycling wicked moisture and waste heat

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203339067U CN202232938U (en) 2011-09-07 2011-09-07 Energy-saving unit tobacco flue-curing room being capable of recycling wicked moisture and waste heat

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102697160A (en) * 2012-06-07 2012-10-03 昆明贵勋科技有限公司 Energy-saving tobacco flue-curing house capable of effectively recycling dehumidification heat energy
CN102715638A (en) * 2012-07-13 2012-10-10 云南省烟草公司普洱市公司 Solar energy and waste heat comprehensive utilization energy-saving curing barn with floating seedling cultivation function
CN104013092A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-09-03 深圳市赛维沃科技有限公司 Movable tobacco curing room
CN105105309A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-12-02 贵州大学 Forced heat recovery type energy-saving tobacco curing barn
CN105571291A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-05-11 太仓市其盛化纤厂 Textile drying machinery
CN106723263A (en) * 2015-11-24 2017-05-31 谢中 A kind of intensive flue-cured tobacco thermal cycle drying plant
CN107029689A (en) * 2017-04-24 2017-08-11 重庆飞洋活性炭制造有限公司 A kind of follow-on micro-wave oven regenerated for Powdered Activated Carbon
CN109645542A (en) * 2019-01-11 2019-04-19 东南大学 A kind of tobacco first baking system of natural gas energy supply

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102697160A (en) * 2012-06-07 2012-10-03 昆明贵勋科技有限公司 Energy-saving tobacco flue-curing house capable of effectively recycling dehumidification heat energy
CN102715638A (en) * 2012-07-13 2012-10-10 云南省烟草公司普洱市公司 Solar energy and waste heat comprehensive utilization energy-saving curing barn with floating seedling cultivation function
CN104013092A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-09-03 深圳市赛维沃科技有限公司 Movable tobacco curing room
CN105105309A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-12-02 贵州大学 Forced heat recovery type energy-saving tobacco curing barn
CN106723263A (en) * 2015-11-24 2017-05-31 谢中 A kind of intensive flue-cured tobacco thermal cycle drying plant
CN106723263B (en) * 2015-11-24 2018-07-20 谢一中 A kind of intensive flue-cured tobacco thermal cycle drying equipment
CN105571291A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-05-11 太仓市其盛化纤厂 Textile drying machinery
CN107029689A (en) * 2017-04-24 2017-08-11 重庆飞洋活性炭制造有限公司 A kind of follow-on micro-wave oven regenerated for Powdered Activated Carbon
CN107029689B (en) * 2017-04-24 2020-10-27 重庆霏洋环保科技股份有限公司 Improved microwave oven for powdered activated carbon regeneration
CN109645542A (en) * 2019-01-11 2019-04-19 东南大学 A kind of tobacco first baking system of natural gas energy supply
CN109645542B (en) * 2019-01-11 2024-04-05 东南大学 Natural gas energy-supplied tobacco primary baking system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120530

Termination date: 20170907

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee