CN102691506A - Spherical support girder turning mechanism for open-type hard-rock boring machines - Google Patents

Spherical support girder turning mechanism for open-type hard-rock boring machines Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102691506A
CN102691506A CN2012102200183A CN201210220018A CN102691506A CN 102691506 A CN102691506 A CN 102691506A CN 2012102200183 A CN2012102200183 A CN 2012102200183A CN 201210220018 A CN201210220018 A CN 201210220018A CN 102691506 A CN102691506 A CN 102691506A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
girder
oil cylinder
hard rock
horizontal support
rock mole
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012102200183A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓立营
李清文
高伟贤
周俊
秦立学
Original Assignee
北方重工集团有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 北方重工集团有限公司 filed Critical 北方重工集团有限公司
Priority to CN2012102200183A priority Critical patent/CN102691506A/en
Publication of CN102691506A publication Critical patent/CN102691506A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a spherical support girder turning mechanism for open-type hard-rock boring machines, which is applied to the field of full-face hard-rock tunnel boring machines. The spherical support girder turning mechanism comprises a cutterhead, a shield, a thrust cylinder, a girder, torque cylinders, an articulated ball gland and horizontal support cylinders and the like, wherein the cutterhead, the shield and the girder of the full-face hard-rock tunnel boring machine are connected into a whole through bolts, the girder and a saddle are assembled together through a box structure with a guide slideway, the two ends of the thrust cylinder are respectively articulated on the girder and a bracing shoe, the four corners of the girder and the saddle are respectively provided with a guide slideway, the saddle is connected with the horizontal support cylinders through the torque cylinders on both sides of the saddle, a central pin shaft is arranged in an articulated ball, the two ends of the central pin shaft are fixed on upper and lower plates of the saddle, and a central block is fastened with the two horizontal support cylinders through a bolt. The most striking design characteristic of the invention focuses on the central pin shaft and the articulated ball; and the spherical support girder turning mechanism disclosed by the invention is easy to operate, safe and reliable, good in vibration-resistant effect and uneasy to damage.

Description

The spherical girder adjusted device that supports of open type hard rock mole
Technical field
The present invention relates to the spherical girder adjusted device that supports of a kind of open type hard rock mole in the full bore tunnel hard rock mole field.
Background technology
At present, full bore tunnel hard rock mole construction method compare with traditional drilling and blasting method have fast, outstanding advantages such as high-quality, safety, economy, environmental protection, in railway tunnel, diversion works, aspects such as defence construction become primary construction selection scheme.In full bore tunnel hard rock mole design; Be two major types with Kai Shi and girder formula for a long time, two large manufacturers have occupied the market share of world's open type hard rock mole 95% always, and Kai Shi and girder formula mechanism differ from one another; Triumphant formula Area of bearing is big; Grounding pressure is little, and the location compliance in bad order to geology is strong, and is solid reliable.But structure is complicated, it is dumb to turn to, can only when changing step, transfer to; Girder formula Area of bearing is less relatively, but can in tunneling process, transfer to, simple in structure, flexible operation, controllability strong.At home, through the technological accumulation of China enterprise engineering practice for many years, initiative development and Design have a spherical support level girder adjusted device of own unique advantage.Therefore, develop the spherical girder adjusted device that supports of a kind of open type hard rock mole is new problem anxious to be solved always.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide the spherical girder adjusted device that supports of a kind of open type hard rock mole, the maximum characteristics of its design are that central pin shaft is compared with other homogeneous structure with hinged ball, and are simple to operate, safe and reliable, anti-vibration is effective, are not easy to damage.
The objective of the invention is to realize like this: the spherical girder adjusted device that supports of a kind of open type hard rock mole; Form by cutterhead, shield, propelling oil cylinder, girder, saddletree, support boots, moment of torsion oil cylinder, hinged ball gland, central pin shaft, hinged ball, central block, horizontal support oil cylinder; Cutterhead, shield and the girder of full bore tunnel hard rock mole are connected to integral body through bolt; Girder and saddletree are assembled together through the box structure that has guide slide; Advance oil cylinder two to be hinged on girder respectively and to support on the boots, be provided with 45 ° guide slide respectively at four jiaos of places of girder and saddletree, saddletree is connected with 4 moment of torsion oil cylinders of horizontal support oil cylinder through both sides; And be provided with hinged ball in the central block position; Hinged ball is positioned in central block inside through hinged ball gland, pack into hinged ball and two ends are fixed on the upper and lower plates of saddletree of central pin shaft, and central block is fixed through bolt and two horizontal support oil cylinders; The operating principle of described mechanism is that the core technology girder of open type development machine is transferred the concrete structure that provides spherical support level girder adjusted device to part; When full bore tunnel hard rock mole normal, straight was tunneled, the horizontal support oil cylinder withstood the support boots, will support the boots stretching on the wall of hole; Give to advance oil cylinder that propulsive thrust is provided, advance the oil cylinder other end to withstand girder, realize the driving forward of full bore tunnel hard rock mole to front slide; After a driving stroke finishes; Horizontal support oil cylinder withdrawal, this moment, girder was fixed, and advanced the oil cylinder band horizontal support oil cylinder and saddletree to front slide and reset; Realize changing step forward of full bore tunnel hard rock mole, guarantee that full bore tunnel hard rock mole constantly tunnels forward; When development machine need turn to; Girder is the control beam that full bore tunnel hard rock mole is; It is with the adjustment fulcrum of the anterior lower support of cutterhead as vertical direction; Support the adjustment fulcrum as horizontal direction with the cutterhead flank, girder, slideway and corresponding hydraulic jack coordinate to control accurately the tunneling direction of full bore tunnel hard rock mole each other; The horizontal direction adjustment; The rodless cavity of horizontal support oil cylinder and rod chamber must be full of pressure oil and carry out folk prescription to moving, and the cylinder barrel and the saddletree that connect both sides horizontal support oil cylinder are to link together with central pin shaft and hinged ball, and saddletree and girder are along with horizontal support oil cylinder move left and right; The adjustment fulcrum that supports as horizontal direction with the cutterhead flank is constant; The preceding point of girder is motionless, and back point move left and right realizes the adjustment of the girder horizontal direction of full bore tunnel hard rock mole; Adjust for vertical direction; 4 moment of torsion oil cylinder piston bars stretch out or when withdrawing; The back of girder raises or reduction with respect to the horizontal support oil cylinder, and the adjustment fulcrum that the cutterhead front portion is supported as vertical direction down is constant, and the preceding point of girder is motionless; The back point moves up and down, and realizes the adjustment of the girder vertical direction of full bore tunnel hard rock mole.
Main points of the present invention are its structure and operating principle.Its operating principle is to transfer invention design and the concrete structure thereof that has provided spherical support level girder adjusted device to part to the core technology girder of open type development machine; When full bore tunnel hard rock mole normal, straight was tunneled, the horizontal support oil cylinder withstood the support boots, will support the boots stretching on the wall of hole; Give to advance oil cylinder that propulsive thrust is provided, advance the oil cylinder other end to withstand girder, realize the driving forward of full bore tunnel hard rock mole to front slide; After a driving stroke finishes; Horizontal support oil cylinder withdrawal, this moment, girder was fixed, and advanced the oil cylinder band horizontal support oil cylinder and saddletree to front slide and reset; Realize changing step forward of full bore tunnel hard rock mole, guarantee that full bore tunnel hard rock mole constantly tunnels forward; When development machine need turn to; Girder is the control beam that full bore tunnel hard rock mole is; It is with the adjustment fulcrum of the anterior lower support of cutterhead as vertical direction; Support the adjustment fulcrum as horizontal direction with the cutterhead flank, girder, slideway and corresponding hydraulic jack coordinate to control accurately the tunneling direction of full bore tunnel hard rock mole each other; Adjust for horizontal direction; The rodless cavity of horizontal support oil cylinder and rod chamber must be full of pressure oil and carry out folk prescription to moving; The cylinder barrel and the saddletree that connect both sides horizontal support oil cylinder link together with central pin shaft and hinged ball; Therefore saddletree and girder also are along with horizontal support oil cylinder move left and right, and the adjustment fulcrum that supports as horizontal direction with the cutterhead flank is constant, so the preceding point of girder is motionless; Back point move left and right has just realized the adjustment of the girder horizontal direction of full bore tunnel hard rock mole; Adjust for vertical direction; 4 moment of torsion oil cylinder piston bars stretch out or when withdrawing; The back of girder raises or reduction with respect to the horizontal support oil cylinder, and the adjustment fulcrum that the cutterhead front portion is supported as vertical direction down is constant, so the preceding point of girder is motionless; The back point moves up and down, thereby has realized the adjustment of the girder vertical direction of full bore tunnel hard rock mole.
The open type hard rock mole is spherical to support the girder adjusted device compared with prior art; Having the maximum characteristics of design is central pin shaft and hinged ball, simple to operate, safe and reliable, anti-vibration is effective; Be not easy advantages such as damage, will be widely used in the full bore tunnel hard rock mole field.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is elaborated.
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
With reference to accompanying drawing; The spherical girder adjusted device that supports of a kind of open type hard rock mole; Form by cutterhead 1, shield 2, propelling oil cylinder 3, girder 4, saddletree 5, support boots 6, moment of torsion oil cylinder 7, hinged ball gland 8, central pin shaft 9, hinged ball 10, central block 11, horizontal support oil cylinder 12; The cutterhead 1 of full bore tunnel hard rock mole, shield 2 and girder 4 are connected to integral body through bolt, and girder 4 is assembled together through the box structure that has guide slide with saddletree 5, advance oil cylinder 3 two to be hinged on respectively on girder 4 and the support boots 6; Four jiaos of places at girder 4 and saddletree 5 are provided with 45 ° guide slide respectively; Saddletree 5 is connected with 4 moment of torsion oil cylinders 7 of horizontal support oil cylinder 12 through both sides, and is provided with hinged ball 10 in central block 11 positions, and hinged ball 10 is positioned in central block 11 inside through hinged ball gland 8; Pack into hinged ball 10 and two ends are fixed on the upper and lower plates of saddletree 5 of central pin shaft 9, central block 11 is fixed through bolt and two horizontal support oil cylinders 12; The operating principle of described mechanism is that the core technology girder 4 of open type development machine is transferred the concrete structure that provides spherical support level girder 4 adjusted devices to part; When full bore tunnel hard rock mole normal, straight was tunneled, horizontal support oil cylinder 12 withstood support boots 6, will support boots 6 stretchings on the wall of hole; Give to advance oil cylinder 3 that propulsive thrust is provided, advance oil cylinder 3 other ends to withstand girder 4, realize the driving forward of full bore tunnel hard rock mole to front slide; After a driving stroke finishes; Horizontal support oil cylinder 12 withdrawal, this moment, girder 4 was fixing, advanced oil cylinder 3 being with horizontal support oil cylinder 12 and saddletree 5 to front slide and reset; Realize changing step forward of full bore tunnel hard rock mole, guarantee that full bore tunnel hard rock mole constantly tunnels forward; When development machine need turn to; The control beam that girder 4 for full bore tunnel hard rock mole is; It is with the adjustment fulcrum of cutterhead 1 anterior lower support as vertical direction; Support the adjustment fulcrum as horizontal direction with cutterhead 1 flank, girder 4, slideway and corresponding hydraulic jack coordinate to control accurately the tunneling direction of full bore tunnel hard rock mole each other; The horizontal direction adjustment; The rodless cavity of horizontal support oil cylinder 12 and rod chamber must be full of pressure oil and carry out folk prescription to moving; The cylinder barrel and the saddletree 5 that connect both sides horizontal support oil cylinder 12 are to link together with central pin shaft 9 and hinged ball 10; Saddletree 5 is along with horizontal support oil cylinder 12 move left and right with girder 4, and the adjustment fulcrum that supports as horizontal direction with cutterhead 1 flank is constant, and the preceding point of girder 4 is motionless; Back point move left and right realizes the adjustment of the girder horizontal direction of full bore tunnel hard rock mole; Adjust for vertical direction; 4 moment of torsion oil cylinder 7 piston rods stretch out or when withdrawing; The back of girder 4 raises or reduction with respect to horizontal support oil cylinder 12, and the cutterhead 1 anterior adjustment fulcrum that supports as vertical direction down is constant, and the preceding point of girder 4 is motionless; The back point moves up and down, and realizes the adjustment of girder 4 vertical direction of full bore tunnel hard rock mole.

Claims (2)

1. an open type hard rock mole sphere supports the girder adjusted device; Form by cutterhead, shield, propelling oil cylinder, girder, saddletree, support boots, moment of torsion oil cylinder, hinged ball gland, central pin shaft, hinged ball, central block, horizontal support oil cylinder; It is characterized in that: cutterhead, shield and the girder of full bore tunnel hard rock mole are connected to integral body through bolt; Girder and saddletree are assembled together through the box structure that has guide slide; Advance oil cylinder two to be hinged on girder respectively and to support on the boots, be provided with 45 ° guide slide respectively at four jiaos of places of girder and saddletree, saddletree is connected with 4 moment of torsion oil cylinders of horizontal support oil cylinder through both sides; And be provided with hinged ball in the central block position; Hinged ball is positioned in central block inside through hinged ball gland, pack into hinged ball and two ends are fixed on the upper and lower plates of saddletree of central pin shaft, and central block is fixed through bolt and two horizontal support oil cylinders.
2. the spherical girder adjusted device that supports of open type hard rock mole according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the operation principle of described mechanism is that the core technology girder of open type development machine is transferred the concrete structure that provides spherical support level girder adjusted device to part; When full bore tunnel hard rock mole normal, straight is tunneled; The horizontal support oil cylinder withstands the support boots; To support the boots stretching on the wall of hole; Give and advance oil cylinder that propulsive thrust is provided; Advance the oil cylinder other end to withstand girder to front slide; Realize the driving forward of full bore tunnel hard rock mole; After a driving stroke finishes; The withdrawal of horizontal support oil cylinder; This moment, girder was fixed; Advance the oil cylinder band horizontal support oil cylinder and saddletree to front slide and reset, realize changing step forward of full bore tunnel hard rock mole, guarantee that full bore tunnel hard rock mole constantly tunnels forward; When development machine need turn to; Girder is the control beam that full bore tunnel hard rock mole is; It is with the adjustment fulcrum of the anterior lower support of cutterhead as vertical direction; Support the adjustment fulcrum as horizontal direction with the cutterhead flank, girder, slideway and corresponding hydraulic jack coordinate to control accurately the tunneling direction of full bore tunnel hard rock mole each other; The horizontal direction adjustment; The rodless cavity of horizontal support oil cylinder and rod chamber must be full of pressure oil and carry out folk prescription to moving; The cylinder barrel and the saddletree that connect both sides horizontal support oil cylinder are to link together with central pin shaft and hinged ball; Saddletree and girder are along with horizontal support oil cylinder move left and right; The adjustment fulcrum that supports as horizontal direction with the cutterhead flank is constant; The preceding point of girder is motionless, and back point move left and right realizes the adjustment of the girder horizontal direction of full bore tunnel hard rock mole; Adjust for vertical direction; 4 moment of torsion oil cylinder piston bars stretch out or when withdrawing; The back of girder raises or reduction with respect to the horizontal support oil cylinder; The adjustment fulcrum that the cutterhead front portion is supported as vertical direction down is constant; The preceding point of girder is motionless; The back point moves up and down, and realizes the adjustment of the girder vertical direction of full bore tunnel hard rock mole.
CN2012102200183A 2012-06-29 2012-06-29 Spherical support girder turning mechanism for open-type hard-rock boring machines CN102691506A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103437775A (en) * 2013-09-13 2013-12-11 中铁隧道装备制造有限公司 Open-type full-face rock ripper
CN103899322A (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-07-02 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 X type open full-section tunnel boring machine
CN103967501A (en) * 2014-05-16 2014-08-06 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 Novel whole-section hard rock tunneling machine
CN104153777A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-11-19 辽宁通用煤机装备制造股份有限公司 Mining rock roadway quick tunneling machine
CN104747199A (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-07-01 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 Open type TBM with segment installation function
CN104989414A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-10-21 北方重工集团有限公司 Tunnel header main driving omnibearing direction adjusting device
CN105909267A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-08-31 重庆睿安特盾构技术股份有限公司 Open type hard rock tunnel boring machine
CN106194197A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 A kind of tunneler
CN106223970A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 A kind of tunneler
CN106246195A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-12-21 中铁隧道集团有限公司 A kind of Open-type full-face rock ripper digs uses cutterhead lifting apparatus
CN106285703A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 Boots and tunneler are supportted in seriation for tunneler
CN106285706A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 A kind of tunneler
CN106285705A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 A kind of tunneler
CN106285702A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 A kind of tunneler
CN106285701A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 A kind of tunneler
CN106593463A (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-04-26 辽宁三三工业有限公司 Hard rock tunnel boring machine (TBM) main beam and saddle frame sliding rail device
WO2020082747A1 (en) * 2018-10-26 2020-04-30 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 Flexible-arm heading machine having parallel robot support and capable of excavating any section tunnel

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JP2001193387A (en) * 2000-01-11 2001-07-17 Mitsui Eng & Shipbuild Co Ltd Shield machine
JP3247359B2 (en) * 1999-12-22 2002-01-15 株式会社奥村組 Construction method of tunnel
CN102337899A (en) * 2011-08-30 2012-02-01 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 Direction-adjusting device for open-type full-section hard rock tunneling machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2737626A1 (en) * 1977-08-20 1979-03-01 Demag Ag Tunnelling machine rear tensioning system - has side tensioning members supporting ball joint for slide permitting advance
JPH10292786A (en) * 1997-04-11 1998-11-04 Tobishima Corp Tunnel boring machine and method therefor
JPH10331590A (en) * 1997-06-04 1998-12-15 Atlas Copco Robbins Inc Tunnel boring machine
JPH1136786A (en) * 1997-07-22 1999-02-09 Kawasaki Heavy Ind Ltd Open type tunnel-boring machine
JP2000291377A (en) * 1999-04-02 2000-10-17 Komatsu Ltd Tunnel boring machine
JP3247359B2 (en) * 1999-12-22 2002-01-15 株式会社奥村組 Construction method of tunnel
JP2001193387A (en) * 2000-01-11 2001-07-17 Mitsui Eng & Shipbuild Co Ltd Shield machine
CN102337899A (en) * 2011-08-30 2012-02-01 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 Direction-adjusting device for open-type full-section hard rock tunneling machine

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103437775A (en) * 2013-09-13 2013-12-11 中铁隧道装备制造有限公司 Open-type full-face rock ripper
CN103437775B (en) * 2013-09-13 2015-06-03 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 Open-type full-face rock ripper
CN103899322A (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-07-02 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 X type open full-section tunnel boring machine
CN103967501A (en) * 2014-05-16 2014-08-06 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 Novel whole-section hard rock tunneling machine
CN104153777A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-11-19 辽宁通用煤机装备制造股份有限公司 Mining rock roadway quick tunneling machine
CN104153777B (en) * 2014-08-04 2016-02-03 辽宁通用煤机装备制造股份有限公司 Mining rock gangway speedy drivage machine
CN104747199A (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-07-01 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 Open type TBM with segment installation function
CN104989414A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-10-21 北方重工集团有限公司 Tunnel header main driving omnibearing direction adjusting device
CN104989414B (en) * 2015-06-16 2017-06-09 北方重工集团有限公司 A kind of tunnel piercing owner drives comprehensive device for regulating direction
CN105909267A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-08-31 重庆睿安特盾构技术股份有限公司 Open type hard rock tunnel boring machine
CN106246195A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-12-21 中铁隧道集团有限公司 A kind of Open-type full-face rock ripper digs uses cutterhead lifting apparatus
CN106223970A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 A kind of tunneler
CN106285703A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 Boots and tunneler are supportted in seriation for tunneler
CN106285706A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 A kind of tunneler
CN106285705A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 A kind of tunneler
CN106285702A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 A kind of tunneler
CN106285701A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 A kind of tunneler
CN106194197A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 A kind of tunneler
CN106285705B (en) * 2016-08-31 2019-12-13 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 tunnel boring machine
CN106285702B (en) * 2016-08-31 2019-12-13 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 tunnel boring machine
CN106593463A (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-04-26 辽宁三三工业有限公司 Hard rock tunnel boring machine (TBM) main beam and saddle frame sliding rail device
CN106593463B (en) * 2017-01-10 2018-03-20 辽宁三三工业有限公司 A kind of hard rock TBM girders and saddletree railroad
WO2020082747A1 (en) * 2018-10-26 2020-04-30 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 Flexible-arm heading machine having parallel robot support and capable of excavating any section tunnel

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Application publication date: 20120926