CN102637041B - Shutter-type double-shaft tracking solar energy photovoltaic power generation system - Google Patents

Shutter-type double-shaft tracking solar energy photovoltaic power generation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102637041B
CN102637041B CN2012101247233A CN201210124723A CN102637041B CN 102637041 B CN102637041 B CN 102637041B CN 2012101247233 A CN2012101247233 A CN 2012101247233A CN 201210124723 A CN201210124723 A CN 201210124723A CN 102637041 B CN102637041 B CN 102637041B
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cell panel
electric machine
rotary electric
fixed frame
mechanical
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2012101247233A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102637041A (en
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陈勇
杨程丽
赵骞
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陈勇
杨程丽
赵骞
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Priority to CN2012101247233A priority Critical patent/CN102637041B/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a shutter-type double-shaft tracking solar energy photovoltaic power generation system, which comprises a mechanical part and an automatic sun tracking control circuit part, wherein a driving motor controls the motor of the mechanical part to move; the silicon photocell sensing detector of the mechanical part is composed of a substrate, a fixed support frame, a movable support frame, the motor and a silicon photocell scattering sheet; and the double-shaft tracking and positioning system of the mechanical part is composed of a bracket, a solar panel, a solar panel fixing frame, the motor and a drive link. The shutter-type double-shaft tracking solar energy photovoltaic power generation system is characterized in that the solar energy detection module is used for detecting sun position to drive a detection module motor; the coder position signal of the detection module is transferred into PLC (Programmable Logic Controller); and a main solar panel motor is controlled by PLC. The automatic tracking system is adopted to drive the solar panel to realize double-axis tracking. The shutter-type double-shaft tracking solar energy photovoltaic power generation system is safe and reliable to work and has the characteristics of high power generation efficiency, and the solar panel is guaranteed to just face to the sun within the design tracking time.

Description

Flap type double-axis tracking solar photovoltaic generation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of flap type double-axis tracking solar photovoltaic generation system.
Background technology
At present a lot of solar panel arrays are all fixed basically, do not take full advantage of solar energy resources, and generating efficiency is low.According to the study, in the solar energy generating, under the same terms, adopt from the motion tracking generating set and improve 30% than the generated energy of stationary power generation equipment.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention just is to provide a kind of simple in structure, cost is low, generating efficiency is high flap type double-axis tracking solar photovoltaic generation system.
flap type double-axis tracking solar photovoltaic generation system of the present invention, comprise mechanical part and automatic sun tracking control circuit part, the automatic sun tracking control circuit is by the transducing signal treatment circuit of routine, the PLC controller, driving circuit forms, driving circuit is controlled the motor movement of mechanical part, the silicon photocell sensing detection device of mechanical part is by pedestal, fixing support rack, movable support frame, the loose sheet of motor and silicon photocell forms, fixing support rack is arranged on pedestal, fixing support rack is provided with the support rotary electric machine, movable support frame is arranged on fixing support rack, and be connected with the support rotary electric machine, the loose bar of silicon photocell is connected with the loose bar rotary electric machine of battery, and be arranged on movable support frame, the loose bar of silicon photocell is provided with the loose sheet of four trapezoidal silicon photocells, the angle of the loose sheet of trapezoidal silicon photocell and the loose bar of silicon photocell is 30~60 °, when silicon photocell sensing detection device utilizes the loose sheet of trapezoidal silicon photocell to be not orthogonal to solar incident angle, the poor principle of silicon photocell appearance potential on the same group, realize sun location tracking, the Twin-shaft machinery tracing-positioning system of mechanical part is comprised of support, cell panel, cell panel fixed frame, motor and drive link, evenly distributed cell panel is set in the cell panel fixed frame, the two ends of cell panel are arranged on the cell panel fixed frame actively by axle, cell panel all is connected with drive link, drive link is connected with the drive link rotary electric machine on being located at the cell panel fixed frame, driving drive link and cell panel rotates, the cell panel fixed frame is by stent support, cell panel fixed frame rotary electric machine on support is connected with the cell panel fixed frame, drives the cell panel fixed frame and rotates.
flap type double-axis tracking solar photovoltaic generation system of the present invention, after system is started working, system program starts timing, by the sun power detection module, detect position of sun and drive the detection module motor, the encoder position signal of detection module is imported in PLC, by PLC, control the main battery board motor again, it adopts automatic tracking system to drive solar panel and realizes double-axis tracking, solar panel is automatically followed the direction of sun relative motion and is rotated by the intermittent mode segmentation from south orientation north from the east orientation west by initial position, thereby the solar panel that makes photovoltaic generating system remains on larger power stage state, post sunset, the revolution reset circuit in rotation control circuit starts automatically, and the solar panel that drives photovoltaic generating system returns back to initial position, and is in dormant state, in morning, the sun rises, circuit start, the control circuit Automatic-searching sun.
Flap type double-axis tracking solar photovoltaic generation system of the present invention has the following advantages:
1, safe and reliable, guarantee that cell panel can be over against the sun in the design tracking time; 2, the original working position of auto-returned at night, need in order to work in the 2nd day; 3, take the intermittent work mode, to save power consumption; 4, mechanism driving is designed to the structure of venetian blind type, by series system, the polylith solar panel is installed simultaneously, can infinitely extend to two.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is silicon photocell sensing detection device structural representation in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is Twin-shaft machinery tracing-positioning system structural representation in Fig. 1.
Embodiment
a kind of flap type double-axis tracking solar photovoltaic generation system, comprise mechanical part and automatic sun tracking control circuit part, the automatic sun tracking control circuit is by the transducing signal treatment circuit of routine, the PLC controller, driving circuit forms, driving circuit is controlled the motor movement of mechanical part, the silicon photocell sensing detection device of mechanical part is by pedestal 2, fixing support rack 3, movable support frame 4, the loose sheet 6 of motor and silicon photocell forms, fixing support rack 3 is arranged on pedestal 2, fixing support rack 3 is provided with support rotary electric machine 1, movable support frame 4 is arranged on fixing support rack 3, and be connected with support rotary electric machine 1, the loose bar 6 of silicon photocell is connected with the loose bar rotary electric machine 5 of battery, and be arranged on movable support frame 4, support rotary electric machine 1 is mutually vertical with the output shaft of the loose bar rotary electric machine 5 of battery, the loose bar 6 of silicon photocell is provided with the loose sheet of four trapezoidal silicon photocells, the angle of the loose sheet of trapezoidal silicon photocell and the loose bar of silicon photocell is 30~60 °, the Twin-shaft machinery tracing-positioning system of mechanical part is by support 11, cell panel 8, cell panel fixed frame 9, motor and drive link 7 form, the interior evenly distributed cell panel 8 that arranges of cell panel fixed frame 9, the two ends of cell panel 8 are arranged on cell panel fixed frame 9 actively by axle, cell panel 8 all is connected with drive link 7, drive link 7 is connected with the drive link rotary electric machine 10 on being located at cell panel fixed frame 9, cell panel fixed frame 9 is supported by support 11, cell panel fixed frame rotary electric machine 12 on support 11 is connected with cell panel fixed frame 9, drive link rotary electric machine 10 is mutually vertical with the output shaft of cell panel fixed frame rotary electric machine 12.

Claims (2)

1. flap type double-axis tracking solar photovoltaic generation system, comprise mechanical part and automatic sun tracking control circuit part, the automatic sun tracking control circuit is by the transducing signal treatment circuit of routine, the PLC controller, driving circuit forms, driving circuit is controlled the motor movement of mechanical part, it is characterized in that: the silicon photocell sensing detection device of mechanical part is by pedestal (2), fixing support rack (3), movable support frame (4), motor and the silicon photocell bar (6) that falls apart forms, fixing support rack (3) is arranged on pedestal (2), fixing support rack (3) is provided with support rotary electric machine (1), movable support frame (4) is arranged on fixing support rack (3), and be connected with support rotary electric machine (1), the silicon photocell loose bar rotary electric machine (5) of bar (6) and battery that falls apart is connected, and be arranged on movable support frame (4), the silicon photocell bar (6) that falls apart is provided with the loose sheet of four trapezoidal silicon photocells, the angle of the loose sheet of trapezoidal silicon photocell and the loose bar of silicon photocell is 30~60 °, the Twin-shaft machinery tracing-positioning system of mechanical part is by support (11), cell panel (8), cell panel fixed frame (9), motor and drive link (7) form, evenly distributed cell panel (8) is set in cell panel fixed frame (9), the two ends of cell panel (8) are arranged on cell panel fixed frame (9) actively by axle, cell panel (8) all is connected with drive link (7), drive link (7) is connected with the drive link rotary electric machine (10) on being located at cell panel fixed frame (9), cell panel fixed frame (9) is supported by support (11), cell panel fixed frame rotary electric machine (12) on support (11) is connected with cell panel fixed frame (9).
2. flap type double-axis tracking solar photovoltaic generation system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: support rotary electric machine (1) is mutually vertical with the output shaft of the loose bar rotary electric machine (5) of battery, and drive link rotary electric machine (10) is mutually vertical with the output shaft of cell panel fixed frame rotary electric machine (12).
CN2012101247233A 2012-04-26 2012-04-26 Shutter-type double-shaft tracking solar energy photovoltaic power generation system Expired - Fee Related CN102637041B (en)

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CN2012101247233A CN102637041B (en) 2012-04-26 2012-04-26 Shutter-type double-shaft tracking solar energy photovoltaic power generation system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012101247233A CN102637041B (en) 2012-04-26 2012-04-26 Shutter-type double-shaft tracking solar energy photovoltaic power generation system

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CN102637041B true CN102637041B (en) 2013-11-20

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102981515A (en) * 2012-12-04 2013-03-20 北京科诺伟业科技有限公司 Umbrella-type single axis tracking photovoltaic power generation system
CN103208949A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-07-17 安徽工程大学 Automatic tracking type solar automobile cell cabin door
CN103311335A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-09-18 汪周咏 Shuttered photovoltaic cell
CN103309358A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-09-18 上海摩昆新能源科技有限公司 Vertical axis tracking device for solar power generation
CN104571146B (en) * 2014-12-29 2017-11-21 黑龙江农业工程职业学院 A kind of solar energy orienting reflex equipment of the parallel 2DOF revolution of matrix
CN105656422B (en) * 2016-03-07 2018-05-04 陕西航泰电气股份有限公司 A kind of GZG-HT photovoltaics automatic tracking system
CN105939146A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-09-14 中国能源建设集团江苏省电力设计院有限公司 Photovoltaic module with automatic sun-tracking function
CN106849849A (en) * 2017-02-21 2017-06-13 长沙捕光新能源科技有限公司 A kind of double-shaft linkage device
CN107612476A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-01-19 南京昱晟机器人科技有限公司 One kind follows robot and its follower method automatically

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6018122A (en) * 1996-03-11 2000-01-25 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Tracking solar module
CN101251305A (en) * 2008-04-05 2008-08-27 赵卫东 Control device for tracing sun position
CN101276224A (en) * 2008-04-30 2008-10-01 杭州电子科技大学 Control circuit applied to sun azimuth tracking
CN101403928A (en) * 2008-08-28 2009-04-08 吴锡波 Auto sun-tracking system of solar energy gathering device
CN202583890U (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-12-05 陈勇 Shutter type two-axes tracking solar photovoltaic power generation system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6018122A (en) * 1996-03-11 2000-01-25 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Tracking solar module
CN101251305A (en) * 2008-04-05 2008-08-27 赵卫东 Control device for tracing sun position
CN101276224A (en) * 2008-04-30 2008-10-01 杭州电子科技大学 Control circuit applied to sun azimuth tracking
CN101403928A (en) * 2008-08-28 2009-04-08 吴锡波 Auto sun-tracking system of solar energy gathering device
CN202583890U (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-12-05 陈勇 Shutter type two-axes tracking solar photovoltaic power generation system

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