CN102626892B - Automatic crystal grinding and polishing machine - Google Patents

Automatic crystal grinding and polishing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102626892B
CN102626892B CN201210050753.4A CN201210050753A CN102626892B CN 102626892 B CN102626892 B CN 102626892B CN 201210050753 A CN201210050753 A CN 201210050753A CN 102626892 B CN102626892 B CN 102626892B
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grinding
loading
docking
polishing
aluminium row
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CN102626892A (en
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骆影文
缪静安
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骆影文
缪静安
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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic crystal grinding and polishing machine. A vibratory feeding device, a manipulator rotating and moving device, manipulator lifting and picking devices, an abutting feeding and preparing device, a semispherical grinding and polishing integrated device I, an abutting preparing and discharging device and a semispherical grinding and polishing integrated device II are arranged on a machine frame, wherein one manipulator lifting and picking device is arranged on each of the four corners of the manipulator rotating and moving device; four working mechanisms, namely the abutting feeding and preparing device, the semispherical grinding and polishing integrated device II, the semispherical grinding and polishing integrated device I and the abutting preparing and discharging device, are sequentially arranged under one of the manipulator lifting and picking devices anticlockwise; and the vibratory feeding device is arranged on the outer side of the abutting feeding and preparing device and is matched with the abutting feeding and preparing device for operation. According to the invention, the position relationship between the working mechanisms is skillfully designed, so that the devices can work smoothly in a tight fit way, without stop, thereby really realizing an unwatched, full-automatic, energy-saving and environment-friendly idea.

Description

A kind of Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to crystal processing equipment technical field, more specifically say a kind of Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine.
Background technology
Existing Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine can only be realized the function that grinding and polishing one completes substantially, such as the disclosed a kind of Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine of ZL 200720112789.5, comprise frame, swivel mount and four heads, on the relevant position of frame, be provided with 3 mills and a room, head comprises at least one grinding and polishing apparatus, above-mentioned grinding and polishing apparatus comprises a support being connected with swivel mount, on support, vertically slide and be provided with a bracket, on bracket, be fixed with nut, nut is connected with the wire rod thread being vertically erected on support, on bracket, level frame is provided with a rotating shaft, rotating shaft is provided with worm gear, worm gear is connected with the worm engaging being vertically erected on bracket, in rotating shaft, be radially fixed with water and bore aluminium row fixed mount, wherein, screw mandrel is in transmission connection with the lifting motor being located on support, worm screw is connected with the gyration motor-driven being located on bracket.This technical scheme, by each station head, a plurality of grinding and polishing apparatus being set, has greatly improved polishing processing efficiency and utilization rate of equipment and installations.
Yet need to having staff to wait for, this technical scheme on equipment side, manually changes crystal aluminum row, this defect of light is just brought following great negative factor: crystal polishing working environment severe well-known, the dust forming in crystal polishing work is many, air quality is very poor, the as easy as rolling off a log trouble respiratory tract of staff class disease, therefore few people are ready to be engaged in the sector, according to incomplete investigation, although this work (only change aluminium row) is warm work not quite simply also, but emolument is but equivalent to the income of a senior white collar, why? this also illustrates that existing Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine lacks automatic aluminium row's material loading and the automatic aluminium row function of changing has caused enterprise's production cost greatly to increase, and this also deliberately acts contrary to the energy-conserving and environment-protective theory that we advocate, the people who is engaged in this class industry changes income with life, so in the urgent need to a real Full Featured full-automatic real unattended crystal polishing machine, (function includes automatic aluminium row material loading, automatic replacing aluminium is arranged and grinding and polishing one completes and de-material).
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome prior art crystal polishing machine function imperfection, can not realize complete unattended function and have the defect of health of human body hidden danger, provide a kind of multi-functional, that production efficiency is high, energy-conserving and environment-protective, really realize unattended Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine.
In order to reach above object, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: a kind of Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine, comprise frame, it is characterized in that, in frame, be provided with vibration feeding device, manipulator rotational displacement device, manipulator lifting grabbing device, docking material loading and preparation device, hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I, docking preparation and stripper and hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II;
Wherein manipulator rotational displacement device is arranged on top position, frame center, and manipulator lifting grabbing device arranges respectively one on four jiaos of manipulator rotational displacement device, and the manipulator lifting grabbing device on diagonal angle forms Central Symmetry and arranges; Docking material loading and preparation device, hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II, hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I and docking preparation and these four tool mechanisms of stripper according to counterclockwise successively corresponding be arranged at an above-mentioned manipulator lifting grabbing device under; Vibration feeding device is arranged on the outside of docking material loading and preparation device and is mated work.
Existing Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine can only be realized the function that grinding and polishing one completes substantially, yet need to having staff to wait for, this technical scheme on equipment side, manually changes crystal aluminum row, this defect of light is just brought following great negative factor: crystal polishing working environment severe well-known, the dust forming in crystal polishing work is many, air quality is very poor, the as easy as rolling off a log trouble respiratory tract of staff class disease, therefore few people are ready to be engaged in the sector, according to incomplete investigation, although this work (only change aluminium row) is warm work not quite simply also, but emolument is but equivalent to the income of a senior white collar, why? this also illustrates that existing Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine lacks automatic aluminium row's material loading and the automatic aluminium row function of changing has caused enterprise's production cost greatly to increase, and this also deliberately acts contrary to the energy-conserving and environment-protective theory that we advocate, the people who is engaged in this class industry changes income with life, so in the urgent need to a real Full Featured full-automatic real unattended crystal polishing machine, (function includes automatic aluminium row material loading, automatic replacing aluminium is arranged and grinding and polishing one completes and de-material).
In order to realize automatic aluminium row's material loading and de-material, vibration feeding device, docking material loading and preparation device and docking preparation and stripper have been designed in the present invention; In order to realize automatic replacing aluminium row, manipulator rotational displacement device and manipulator lifting grabbing device have been designed; In order to realize grinding and polishing one, hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I and hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II have been designed.And the ingenious position relationship that above tool mechanism is set of the present invention, make above equipment work coordinate closely, smooth, accomplish without any letup, really realized the theory of unmanned, full-automatic, energy-saving and environmental protection.
As preferably, manipulator rotational displacement device comprises main shaft, supporting plate, drive motors I, driven wheel I and external toothing;
Main shaft is vertically inserted on central rack, and main shaft top is provided with a supporting plate, in the middle of supporting plate below be provided with one with the cylinder boss of its one, cylinder boss is installed in rotation on main shaft by a bearing; Supporting plate top is provided with a drive motors I, the driving shaft of drive motors I longitudinally extends supporting plate lower plane downwards, and the driving shaft lower end of this drive motors I is provided with a driven wheel I, this driven wheel I is meshed with the peripheral circle external toothing arranging of cylinder boss.
Main shaft mainly gets up to support the effect of supporting plate, does not rotate but static setting, and supporting plate will drive the manipulator lifting grabbing device on it to carry out the revolution within the scope of 360 degree, rotate 180 degree at every turn and controlled by drive motors I.In order to make supporting plate well turn round, boss is set conveniently and bearing fit, tooth is set and coordinates convenient rotation.
As preferably, manipulator lifting grabbing device comprises up and down plate, guide post, up and down cylinder, aluminium row folding seat and holder cylinder;
On four jiaos of described supporting plate, be respectively arranged with a manipulator lifting grabbing device, each manipulator lifting grabbing device has included a up and down plate, the both sides, upper surface of up and down plate are respectively arranged with a guide post, on supporting plate, corresponding to each guide post, be provided with an axis hole, in axis hole and be equipped with an axle sleeve, on supporting plate between two axis holes, be provided with a up and down cylinder, the cylinder axis of up and down cylinder runs through supporting plate and is connected on the up and down plate of its below; The below of up and down plate is connected with an aluminium row folding seat, and aluminium row folding seat top correspondence is provided with a holder cylinder.
Aluminium row folding seat captures aluminium row under the effect of holder cylinder, after aluminium row folding seat gripping aluminium row, by the effect of up and down cylinder, carries out oscilaltion work.Wherein the effect of guide post is the lifting work of stablizing up and down cylinder.
As preferably, dock material loading and preparation device and docking preparation and stripper and included aluminium row pedestal, turning motor, the steering gear of cone tooth, heating tube, powder dish, powder dish propulsion cylinder, slide rail III and free wool brush roll;
Aluminium row pedestal is arranged in frame, and aluminium row pedestal arranged outside has a turning motor and a cone tooth steering gear; Aluminium row pedestal below is provided with heating tube and free wool brush roll, and heating tube one side is also provided with powder dish, and powder dish arranges in slide rail III, the supporting propulsion cylinder that is provided with of slide rail III.
Aluminium row pedestal is used for laying aluminium row, turning motor impels cone tooth steering gear running that aluminium is arranged to 90 degree that turn to the inside, form the aluminium row docking in docking material loading and preparation device and docking preparation and stripper two frocks, the semi-finished product blank of the hemisphere of grinding and polishing on the former aluminium row is bored and is docked to the preparation of carrying out second half ball milling throwing on the latter's aluminium row; Heating tube, for boring heating to aluminium row pin top blank, is convenient to the cleaning of free wool brush roll on the one hand, on the other hand aspect bonding blank crystal; Powder dish can advance before and after aluminium is arranged vertical direction, mainly relies on propulsion cylinder and slide rail III, and the sticky powder on powder dish is convenient to aluminium row pin bonding blank crystal.
As preferably, in docking preparation and stripper, also include the water-blowing device after a de-material.
The crystal that completes grinding and polishing is gone up Impurity removal and is obtained moulding crystal after over-blowing water, and water-blowing device mainly comprises an air pressure hydraulic giant and controls the magnetic valve that this hydraulic giant opens and closes.
As preferably, hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I and hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II include rotating shaft, mill, head, slide rail IV, drive motors II, drive motors III and wabbler mechanism; Hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I and hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II are arranged symmetrically with and share the grinding and polishing sector of a set of rotating shaft and mill;
Rotating shaft is arranged in frame, be positioned at a side of main shaft and arrange perpendicular to ground, rotating shaft is driven and is rotated by drive motors II, in rotating shaft, be provided with mill, mill comprises large coaxial nestable polishing disk and the roughing mill in rotating shaft up and down of diameter one little, has and be emerging in the circumferential ring-type floated finish of polishing disk on roughing mill; The corresponding position of mill is provided with head, and head is slidably arranged in frame by slide rail IV and drive motors III; Head is also connected with a wabbler mechanism, and wabbler mechanism comprises eccentric wheel and drive motors V, and eccentric wheel is fixed in frame and is connected in drive motors V, and on eccentric wheel, an eccentric point connects a dowel, and this dowel is connected on head; On head, be provided with the conversion equipment matching with aluminium row turbine wheel shaft, conversion equipment comprises driving shaft and drive motors VI, and this driving shaft is connected with aluminium row turbine wheel shaft.
Thereby head advances aluminium row adjustable range to realize corase grind and polishing position by slide rail IV and drive motors III; In grinding and polishing process, the wabbler mechanism by eccentric wheel structure carries out head displacement among a small circle and regulates aluminium ranking to put and regulate aluminium row pin angle by the conversion equipment rotation matching with aluminium row turbine wheel shaft, thereby carries out the grinding and polishing of blank crystal hemisphere multi-angle.
As preferably, vibration feeding device comprises that material loading is dull and stereotyped, encloses frame, slide rail I, amplitude of oscillation cylinder, vibrating motor;
Material loading flat board is arranged in frame, and vibrating motor is arranged on material loading flat board, and on material loading flat board, by slide rail I, sliding to be provided with encloses frame; On material loading flat board, be provided with row's material path; The whole row of material path is corresponding to a wherein long margin frame that encloses frame, encloses and on frame, is provided with an amplitude cylinder;
Material loading flat board below is provided with an inverted aluminium row as material loading aluminium row, and material loading aluminium row's aluminium row pin is corresponding material path on material loading flat board one to one; Material loading aluminium row's below is movably arranged in frame by a slide rail II and a propulsion cylinder I, and material loading aluminium row's scope of activities is roundabout between vibration feeding device and docking material loading and preparation device.
Vibrating motor Main Function is that vibrations material loading is dull and stereotyped, rocks blank brill and makes it fall into more smoothly material path and pass; Enclosing frame is rectangle frame, its four frames downside be abutted against mutually with material loading flat board and coordinate (gap is between the two small, is far smaller than the diameter that a crystal blank bores, effectively crystal blank is bored gear enclose enclosing of frame interval in); The diameter that the pore size of material path and crystal blank bore adapts, and the number of material path is corresponding to the aluminium row pin number on aluminium row; The whole row of material path is corresponding to a wherein long margin frame that encloses frame, amplitude cylinder promotes to enclose frame along slide rail I front and back sliding and swaying, the amplitude that amplitude cylinder promotes to enclose frame remains that the long margin frame that encloses frame hovers above material path, time and material path submerges and encloses in frame, time and material path departs from and encloses outside frame.
As preferably, at the upside of each material path along being provided with a horn-like guide channel, guide channel by enclose border side to material path side gradually frame deepen.
In order to make material loading more smooth and easy, at the upside of each material path along being provided with a horn-like guide channel, guide channel by enclose border side to material path side gradually frame deepen.
Beneficial effect: in order to realize automatic aluminium row's material loading and de-material, designed vibration feeding device, docking material loading and preparation device and docking preparation and stripper in the present invention; In order to realize automatic replacing aluminium row, manipulator rotational displacement device and manipulator lifting grabbing device have been designed; In order to realize grinding and polishing one, hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I and hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II have been designed.And the ingenious position relationship that above tool mechanism is set of the present invention, make above equipment work coordinate closely, smooth, accomplish without any letup, really realized the theory of unmanned, full-automatic, energy-saving and environmental protection.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the lateral side view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 1.
In figure: 1-material loading is dull and stereotyped, 2-encloses frame, 3-amplitude cylinder, 4-slide rail I, 5-material path, 6-aluminium row, 7-slide rail II, 8-main shaft, 9-supporting plate, 10-drive motors I, the up and down plate of 11-, 12-guide post, 13-axle sleeve, the up and down cylinder of 14-, 15-aluminium row folding seat, 16-aluminium row pedestal, 17-turning motor, the steering gear of 18-cone tooth, 19-heating tube, 20-free wool brush roll, 21-powder dish, 22-propulsion cylinder, 23-slide rail III, 24-rotating shaft, 25-drive motors II, 26-polishing disk, 27-roughing mill, 28-head, 29-slide rail IV, 30-drive motors III, 31-eccentric wheel, 32-drive motors V, 33-dowel, 34-turbine wheel shaft, 35-frame, 36-holder cylinder, 37-driven wheel I, 38-external toothing.
The specific embodiment
In order to make technological means of the present invention, creation characteristic and to reach object, be easy to understand understanding, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, further set forth the present invention.
Embodiment: as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine of the present invention roughly can be divided into following components structure: vibration feeding device, manipulator rotational displacement device, manipulator lifting grabbing device, docking material loading and preparation device, hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I, docking preparation and stripper and hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II;
Wherein manipulator rotational displacement device is arranged on frame 35 top positions, center, and manipulator lifting grabbing device arranges respectively one on four jiaos of manipulator rotational displacement device, and the manipulator lifting grabbing device on diagonal angle forms Central Symmetry and arranges; Docking material loading and preparation device, hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II, hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I and docking preparation and these four tool mechanisms of stripper according to counterclockwise successively corresponding be arranged at an above-mentioned manipulator lifting grabbing device under; Vibration feeding device is arranged on the outside of docking material loading and preparation device and is mated work.
(1) vibration feeding device: comprise material loading flat board 1, enclose frame 2, slide rail I 4, amplitude of oscillation cylinder 3, vibrating motor (do not install and illustrate in figure, only show a motor cabinet that this vibration motor is installed, Main Function is that vibrations material loading is dull and stereotyped, rocks blank brill and makes it fall into more smoothly material path and pass).
Material loading flat board 1 is arranged in frame 35, vibrating motor is arranged on material loading flat board 1, on material loading flat board 1, by slide rail I 4, slide to be provided with and enclose frame 2, enclose frame 2 for rectangle frame, its four frames downside is abutted against mutually with material loading flat board 1 and coordinates that (gap is between the two small, be far smaller than the diameter that a crystal blank bores, effectively crystal blank is bored gear enclose enclosing of frame 2 interval in); On material loading flat board 1, be provided with row's material path 5, the diameter that the pore size of material path 5 and crystal blank bore adapts, and the number of material path 5 is corresponding to the aluminium row pin number on aluminium row 6; The whole row of material path 5 is corresponding to a wherein long margin frame that encloses frame 2, enclose and on frame 2, be provided with an amplitude cylinder 3, amplitude cylinder 3 promotes to enclose frame 2 along slide rail I 4 front and back sliding and swayings, the amplitude that amplitude cylinder 3 promotes to enclose frame 2 remains that the long margin frame that encloses frame 2 hovers above material path 5, time and material path 5 submerges and encloses in frame 2, time and material path 5 departs from and encloses outside frame 2; In order to make material loading more smooth and easy, at the upside of each material path 5 along being provided with a horn-like guide channel, guide channel by enclose frame 2 side direction material path 5 sides gradually frame deepen.
Dull and stereotyped 1 below of material loading is provided with an inverted aluminium row 6 as material loading aluminium row, and material loading aluminium row's aluminium row pin is corresponding material path 5 on material loading flat board 1 one to one; Material loading aluminium row's below is movably arranged in frame 35 by a slide rail II 7 and a propulsion cylinder I (do not install and illustrate in figure), and material loading aluminium row's scope of activities is roundabout between vibration feeding device and docking material loading and preparation device.
(2) manipulator rotational displacement device: comprise main shaft 8, supporting plate 9, drive motors I 10, driven wheel I 37 and external toothing 38.
Main shaft 8 is vertically inserted on frame 35 middle parts, and main shaft 8 tops are provided with a supporting plate 9, in the middle of supporting plate 9 below be provided with one with the cylinder boss of its one, cylinder boss is installed in rotation on main shaft 8 by a bearing; Supporting plate 9 tops are provided with a drive motors I 10, the driving shaft of drive motors I 10 longitudinally extends supporting plate 9 lower planes downwards, and the driving shaft lower end of this drive motors I 10 is provided with a driven wheel I 37, this driven wheel I 37 is meshed with the peripheral circle external toothing 38 arranging of cylinder boss.
(3) manipulator lifting grabbing device: comprise up and down plate 11, guide post 12, up and down cylinder 14, aluminium row folding seat 15 and holder cylinder 36.
On four jiaos of supporting plate 9, be respectively arranged with a manipulator lifting grabbing device, each manipulator lifting grabbing device has included a up and down plate 11, the both sides, upper surface of up and down plate 11 are respectively arranged with a guide post 12, on supporting plate 9, corresponding to each guide post 12, be provided with an axis hole, in axis hole and be equipped with an axle sleeve 13, on supporting plate 9 between two axis holes, be provided with a up and down cylinder 14, the cylinder axis of up and down cylinder 14 runs through supporting plate 9 and is connected on the up and down plate 11 of its below, this junction is between two guide posts 12, the guide post 12 of up and down cylinder axis and both sides is arranged in parallel, the below of up and down plate 11 is connected with an aluminium row folding seat 15, and aluminium row folding seat 15 top correspondences are provided with a holder cylinder 36, and holder cylinder 36 is arranged on up and down plate 11.
(4) docking material loading and preparation device and docking preparation and stripper: the two structure is substantially similar; Aluminium row pedestal 16, turning motor 17, cone tooth steering gear 18, heating tube 19, powder dish 21, propulsion cylinder 22, slide rail III 21 and free wool brush roll 20 have been included; In docking preparation and stripper, also include the water-blowing device after a de-material, water-blowing device comprises air pressure hydraulic giant.
Aluminium row pedestal 16 is arranged in frame 35 for laying aluminium row 6, aluminium row pedestal 16 arranged outside have a turning motor 17 and a cone tooth steering gear 18, turning motor 17 impels cone tooth steering gear 18 runnings by aluminium row 6 90 degree that turn to the inside, form aluminium row 6 docking in docking material loading and preparation device and docking preparation and stripper two frocks, the semi-finished product blank of the hemisphere of grinding and polishing on the former aluminium row 6 is bored and is docked to the preparation of carrying out second half ball milling throwing on the latter's aluminium row 6; Aluminium row pedestal 16 belows are provided with to aluminium row pin top blank and bore heating tube 19 and the free wool brush roll 20 of heating, heating tube 19 1 sides are also provided with powder dish 21, powder dish 21 can advance before and after aluminium is arranged 6 vertical direction, mainly relies on propulsion cylinder 22 and slide rail III 23.
(5) hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I and hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II: both structures are identical, include rotating shaft 24, mill, head 28, slide rail IV 29, drive motors II 25, drive motors III 30 and wabbler mechanism; Hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I and hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II are arranged symmetrically with and share the grinding and polishing sector of a set of rotating shaft 24 and mill;
Rotating shaft 24 is arranged in frame 35, be positioned at a side of main shaft 8 and arrange perpendicular to ground, rotating shaft 24 is driven and is rotated by drive motors II 25, in rotating shaft 24, be provided with mill, mill comprises large coaxial nestable polishing disk 26 and the roughing mill 27 in rotating shaft up and down of diameter one little, has and be emerging in the circumferential ring-type floated finish of polishing disk 26 on roughing mill 27; The corresponding position of mill is provided with head 28, head 28 is slidably arranged in frame 35 by slide rail IV 29 and drive motors III 30, Main Function is that aluminium row 6 is installed on head 28, thereby advances aluminium row 6 adjustable ranges to realize corase grind and polishing by slide rail IV 29 and drive motors III 30; Head 28 is also connected with a wabbler mechanism, wabbler mechanism Main Function is in grinding and polishing, to carry out head 28 displacement among a small circle, thereby the grinding and polishing of better many corner cuts, this wabbler mechanism comprises eccentric wheel 31 and drive motors V 32, eccentric wheel 31 is fixed in frame 35 and is connected in drive motors V 32, on eccentric wheel 31, an eccentric point connects a dowel 33, and this dowel 33 is connected on head 28; On head 28, be provided with the conversion equipment matching with aluminium row turbine wheel shaft 34, conversion equipment comprises driving shaft and drive motors VI (do not install and illustrate in figure), and this driving shaft is connected with aluminium row turbine wheel shaft 34.
Practical: the present invention only need to add the work of blank crystal and rewinding work on docking preparation and stripper on vibration feeding device, and staff can leave on-the-spot wait completely.
Concrete equipment workflow of the present invention is as follows:
(1) vibration feeding device carries out material loading work, and the aluminium of arranging to aluminium on blank crystal is arranged on pin; The empty aluminium row of simultaneously docking on material loading and preparation device aluminium row pedestal carries out the cleaning of heating tube heating and free wool brush roll, and powder operation is glued in the powder dish propelling of docking afterwards in material loading and preparation device;
(2) after the powder dish in docking material loading and preparation device is released, advance the material loading aluminium after material loading to enter in docking material loading and preparation device, empty aluminium row after formation heating and the material loading aluminium row docking after material loading, blank crystal on material loading aluminium row after material loading is adhered on sky aluminium row's aluminium row pin, operation achieves a butt joint;
(3) after above-mentioned material loading docking operation completes, material loading aluminium row resets and carries out next step vibrations material loading, the manipulator lifting grabbing device that simultaneously docks material loading and the preparation device top aluminium capturing on it that declines is arranged and resets, then rotary machine hand rotational displacement device 180 is spent, make this manipulator lifting grabbing device to being positioned at hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I, the hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I frock that this manipulator lifting grabbing device arrives its diagonal angle from docking material loading and preparation device is carried out hemisphere grinding and polishing work;
(4) start rotating shaft and rotate and drive polishing disk and roughing mill rotation, manipulator lifting grabbing device in hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I declines and the aluminium row on it is placed on the head of hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I, thereby advances aluminium row adjustable range to realize corase grind and polishing position by slide rail IV and drive motors III; In grinding and polishing process, wabbler mechanism by eccentric wheel structure carries out head displacement among a small circle and regulates aluminium ranking to put and regulate aluminium row pin angle by the conversion equipment rotation matching with aluminium row turbine wheel shaft, thereby carries out the grinding and polishing of blank crystal hemisphere multi-angle, many corner cuts;
(5) when completing blank crystal, in hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I, complete after hemisphere grinding and polishing, manipulator lifting grabbing device captures aluminium and arranges and reset, then rotary machine hand rotational displacement device 180 is spent, make this manipulator lifting grabbing device return in docking material loading and preparation device, and by the aluminium dispatch with the semi-finished product blank crystal of grinding and polishing hemisphere to docking on the pedestal of material loading and preparation device; Empty aluminium row on docking preparation simultaneously and stripper aluminium row pedestal carries out the cleaning of heating tube heating and free wool brush roll, and the powder dish in docking preparation afterwards and stripper advances and glues powder operation; After powder dish in docking preparation and stripper is released, the aluminium row pedestal that now docks material loading and preparation device and docking preparation and stripper impels in the running of boring tooth steering gear aluminium on it is arranged to 90 degree that turn to the inside at turning motor, form the aluminium row docking in docking material loading and preparation device and docking preparation and stripper two frocks, the semi-finished product blank crystal of the hemisphere of grinding and polishing on the former aluminium row is docked on the latter's aluminium row;
(6) after above-mentioned hemisphere docking operation completes, manipulator lifting grabbing device captures the aluminium of docking preparation and stripper and arranges and reset, then rotary machine hand rotational displacement device 180 is spent, make this manipulator lifting grabbing device to being positioned at hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II, this manipulator lifting grabbing device carries out the grinding and polishing work of second half ball from the hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II frock that docking prepares and stripper arrives its diagonal angle; Hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II is carried out the grinding and polishing operation of same step (5) hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I, and unique difference is another hemisphere of the semi-finished product blank crystal of grinding and polishing;
(7) when hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II completes after hemisphere grinding and polishing, manipulator lifting grabbing device captures and arranges and reset with the aluminium that completes the moulding crystal of whole grinding and polishing work, then rotary machine hand rotational displacement device 180 is spent, make this manipulator lifting grabbing device return in docking preparation and stripper, then manipulator lifting grabbing device takes off the aluminium dispatch with completing the moulding crystal of whole grinding and polishing work material and blows water conservancy project order to the aluminium row pedestal of docking preparation and stripper; Complete whole grinding and polishing work, equipment grinding and polishing work of the present invention repeats free of discontinuities according to above-mentioned steps and carries out.
Attention: in the present invention, because each frock is separate, although job step is along having connect, but also there is neutral in centre, such as after the aluminium row on docking material loading and preparation device and docking preparation and stripper docks, in ensuing operation, dock material loading and preparation device in holding state, in order to improve the production efficiency of this equipment, so become after docking docking material loading and preparation device and aluminium on docking preparation and stripper are drained, docking material loading and preparation device just start the material process that docks of next samsara and vibration feeding device, thereby carry out hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I and the work of hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II simultaneously, reduce the idle running stand-by period of integral device, and do not affect again each other, when greatly having improved production efficiency, also saved the energy, greatly saved production cost.
More than show and described basic principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that in above-described embodiment and description, describes just illustrates principle of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (8)

1. a Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine, comprise frame, it is characterized in that, in frame, be provided with vibration feeding device, manipulator rotational displacement device, manipulator lifting grabbing device, docking material loading and preparation device, hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I, docking preparation and stripper and hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II;
Wherein manipulator rotational displacement device is arranged on top position, frame center, and manipulator lifting grabbing device arranges respectively one on four jiaos of manipulator rotational displacement device, and the manipulator lifting grabbing device on diagonal angle forms Central Symmetry and arranges; Docking material loading and preparation device, hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II, hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I and docking preparation and these four tool mechanisms of stripper according to counterclockwise successively corresponding be arranged at an above-mentioned manipulator lifting grabbing device under; Vibration feeding device is arranged on the outside of docking material loading and preparation device and is mated work;
Hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I and hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II are arranged symmetrically with and share the grinding and polishing sector of a set of rotating shaft and mill;
The aluminium that the manipulator lifting grabbing device decline of docking material loading and preparation device top captures on it is arranged and resets, then rotary machine hand rotational displacement device 180 is spent, make this manipulator lifting grabbing device to being positioned at hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I, when completing blank crystal, in hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I, complete after hemisphere grinding and polishing, rotary machine hand rotational displacement device 180 degree, make this manipulator lifting grabbing device return in docking material loading and preparation device, and by the aluminium dispatch with the semi-finished product blank crystal of grinding and polishing hemisphere to the pedestal of docking preparation and stripper, the aluminium row pedestal that now docks material loading and preparation device and docking preparation and stripper impels in the running of boring tooth steering gear aluminium on it is arranged to 90 degree that turn to the inside at turning motor, and the aluminium row who forms in docking material loading and preparation device and docking preparation and stripper two frocks is docked, after above-mentioned hemisphere docking operation completes, then rotary machine hand rotational displacement device 180 is spent, make this manipulator lifting grabbing device to being positioned at hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II, when hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II completes after hemisphere grinding and polishing, then rotary machine hand rotational displacement device 180 degree, make this manipulator lifting grabbing device return in docking preparation and stripper.
2. Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that, manipulator rotational displacement device comprises main shaft, supporting plate, drive motors I, driven wheel I and external toothing;
Main shaft is vertically inserted on central rack, and main shaft top is provided with a supporting plate, in the middle of supporting plate below be provided with one with the cylinder boss of its one, cylinder boss is installed in rotation on main shaft by a bearing; Supporting plate top is provided with a drive motors I, the driving shaft of drive motors I longitudinally extends supporting plate lower plane downwards, and the driving shaft lower end of this drive motors I is provided with a driven wheel I, this driven wheel I is meshed with the peripheral circle external toothing arranging of cylinder boss.
3. Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine according to claim 2, is characterized in that, manipulator lifting grabbing device comprises up and down plate, guide post, up and down cylinder, aluminium row folding seat and holder cylinder;
On four jiaos of described supporting plate, be respectively arranged with a manipulator lifting grabbing device, each manipulator lifting grabbing device has included a up and down plate, the both sides, upper surface of up and down plate are respectively arranged with a guide post, on supporting plate, corresponding to each guide post, be provided with an axis hole, in axis hole and be equipped with an axle sleeve, on supporting plate between two axis holes, be provided with a up and down cylinder, the cylinder axis of up and down cylinder runs through supporting plate and is connected on the up and down plate of its below; The below of up and down plate is connected with an aluminium row folding seat, and aluminium row folding seat top correspondence is provided with a holder cylinder.
4. Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, docking material loading and preparation device and docking preparation and stripper have included aluminium row pedestal, turning motor, the steering gear of cone tooth, heating tube, powder dish, powder dish propulsion cylinder, slide rail III and free wool brush roll;
Aluminium row pedestal is arranged in frame, and aluminium row pedestal arranged outside has a turning motor and a cone tooth steering gear; Aluminium row pedestal below is provided with heating tube and free wool brush roll, and heating tube one side is also provided with powder dish, and powder dish arranges in slide rail III, the supporting propulsion cylinder that is provided with of slide rail III.
5. Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine according to claim 4, is characterized in that, also includes the water-blowing device after a de-material in docking preparation and stripper.
6. Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that, hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device I and hemisphere grinding and polishing integrated device II include rotating shaft, mill, head, slide rail IV, drive motors II, drive motors III and wabbler mechanism;
Rotating shaft is arranged in frame, be positioned at a side of main shaft and arrange perpendicular to ground, rotating shaft is driven and is rotated by drive motors II, in rotating shaft, be provided with mill, mill comprises large coaxial nestable polishing disk and the roughing mill in rotating shaft up and down of diameter one little, has and be emerging in the circumferential ring-type floated finish of polishing disk on roughing mill; The corresponding position of mill is provided with head, and head is slidably arranged in frame by slide rail IV and drive motors III; Head is also connected with a wabbler mechanism, and wabbler mechanism comprises eccentric wheel and drive motors V, and eccentric wheel is fixed in frame and is connected in drive motors V, and on eccentric wheel, an eccentric point connects a dowel, and this dowel is connected on head; On head, be provided with the conversion equipment matching with aluminium row turbine wheel shaft, conversion equipment comprises driving shaft and drive motors VI, and this driving shaft is connected with aluminium row turbine wheel shaft.
7. according to the Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6, it is characterized in that, vibration feeding device comprises that material loading is dull and stereotyped, encloses frame, slide rail I, amplitude of oscillation cylinder, vibrating motor;
Material loading flat board is arranged in frame, and vibrating motor is arranged on material loading flat board, and on material loading flat board, by slide rail I, sliding to be provided with encloses frame; On material loading flat board, be provided with row's material path; The whole row of material path is corresponding to a wherein long margin frame that encloses frame, encloses and on frame, is provided with an amplitude cylinder;
Material loading flat board below is provided with an inverted aluminium row as material loading aluminium row, and material loading aluminium row's aluminium row pin is corresponding material path on material loading flat board one to one; Material loading aluminium row's below is movably arranged in frame by a slide rail II and a propulsion cylinder I, and material loading aluminium row's scope of activities is roundabout between vibration feeding device and docking material loading and preparation device.
8. Full-automatic crystal polish-grinding machine according to claim 7, is characterized in that, at the upside of each material path along being provided with a horn-like guide channel, guide channel by enclose border side to material path side gradually frame deepen.
CN201210050753.4A 2012-03-01 2012-03-01 Automatic crystal grinding and polishing machine Expired - Fee Related CN102626892B (en)

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CN103786079B (en) * 2014-01-22 2016-05-25 桂林电子科技大学 The full-automatic gem processor of the sticky grinding and polishing of code
CN108161657B (en) * 2017-12-28 2019-10-15 深圳磨霸智能科技有限公司 One kind being used for metal and nonmetallic 3D polishing and burnishing machine

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CN101073876A (en) * 2007-06-13 2007-11-21 浙江名媛工艺饰品有限公司 Method for polishing and grinding hydrant drill end and special polishing grinder
CN201115921Y (en) * 2007-09-03 2008-09-17 温州金久水钻设备有限公司 Automatic glass diamond grinding-polishing machine
CN101708585A (en) * 2009-10-21 2010-05-19 陈小青 Crystal ball face milling machine
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101073876A (en) * 2007-06-13 2007-11-21 浙江名媛工艺饰品有限公司 Method for polishing and grinding hydrant drill end and special polishing grinder
CN201115921Y (en) * 2007-09-03 2008-09-17 温州金久水钻设备有限公司 Automatic glass diamond grinding-polishing machine
CN101708585A (en) * 2009-10-21 2010-05-19 陈小青 Crystal ball face milling machine
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