CN102587535A - Three-dimensional paddy field wall - Google Patents

Three-dimensional paddy field wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102587535A
CN102587535A CN2012100826826A CN201210082682A CN102587535A CN 102587535 A CN102587535 A CN 102587535A CN 2012100826826 A CN2012100826826 A CN 2012100826826A CN 201210082682 A CN201210082682 A CN 201210082682A CN 102587535 A CN102587535 A CN 102587535A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
curtain
water
cultivation bed
plant
facility
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012100826826A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102587535B (en
Inventor
不公告发明人
Original Assignee
陈国柱
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Application filed by 陈国柱 filed Critical 陈国柱
Priority to CN201210082682.6A priority Critical patent/CN102587535B/en
Publication of CN102587535A publication Critical patent/CN102587535A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102587535B publication Critical patent/CN102587535B/en

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Abstract

The invention aims to provide an ecological wall with a paddy field function. The paddy field wall provided by the invention has the function of normal walls for basically dividing and surrounding house spaces, and has the functions of allowing people to culture plants in indoor walls, allowing the plants to grow in outdoor walls, allowing air which flows in wall windows to be cleaned by the clear water, removing particles in the air, reducing air temperature and increasing air humidity.

Description

Three-dimensional paddy field wall
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of materials for wall and structure design of house, especially relate to the outer wall body ecotecture and the structure design of frame construction.
Background technology
At present; The human settlement is more and more serious with the contradiction of the ecological environment of nature, and the modern science and technology technology lets the building of reinforced concrete develop to the high-altitude, and the high buildings and large mansions high density is stood in great numbers on rare urban land; Make green plants not have the place to stay; The ecology construction of building construction more and more receives people's attention, and like Chinese invention patent number: 200710050954.3 disclose a kind of stereo planting ecological greening wall, are to be stacked by some ecological greening bricks to be built into desired height; Plant flowers and plants in the v type implantation hole in body of wall; Have top-down plumbing hole can realize automatic plumbing maintenance in the body of wall, it can reach dust suction, it is dry to inhale, absorb pernicious gas, emit oxygen, the ecological effect of beautifying the environment.And for example: Chinese invention patent number: 200910058274.5 disclose a kind of ecological wall; It comprises the soil in flowers and plants, supply and drain water system, the implantation hole on implantation hole in the body of wall, body of wall, transparent fish bowl, the wall, it is characterized in that: flowers and plants are arranged in the wall planting hole and transparent fish bowl is set in the body of wall or is positioned over outside the body of wall.And for example: Chinese invention patent number: 201010546811.3 provide a kind of biological body of wall of water-based ecological niche form.It adopts a kind of cage construction design, forms the foundation framework of ecologic biological body of wall; It adopts the biological box structure design of frame fixation water-based, forms the basic body of wall of ecologic biological body of wall; It adopts culturing fish and shrimp aquatic animal and water surface planting water plant vegetables and fruits and the no transparent biological case plantation bacterium mushroom microorganism of employing in the transparent biological case water, to constitute the ecologic niche body of wall of health properties.The self contained wall biosynthesis that the inside and outside wall area of this utilization bears is not only exempted brick wall and is polluted, and can also move the fish and vegetable symbiotic system to indoor to enjoy pollution-free food and to view and admire the economic benefits and social benefits benefit; It has utilized outdoor light and room lighting illumination, does not need to bear in addition to make indoor have sufficient fresh fishes and shrimps, vegetables and fruits and the harvest of bacterium mushroom under the energy consumption situation.This multiple-effect can the ecologic biological body of wall, will become the favorite of body of wall of new generation.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of ecological wall that has the paddy field function; Paddy field provided by the invention body of wall is except the function of the basic separation pad floor space of body of wall; Have simultaneously let people in indoor body of wall cultivated plant, let plant in outdoor body of wall, grow, let in the body of wall window flow air obtain clear water to clean, remove airborne particle, reduce air themperature, increase function such as air humidity.
The present invention has adopted water and cycle facilities thereof, plant and cultivating facility thereof, forms facility to achieve these goals in the frame construction in house, in the branch, outer, interior three levels are combined into the wall body structure in house.
The centre of wall body structure is described water and cycle facilities thereof; By water, curtain, curtain hanging device, glassware for drinking water, pond, filter, timer, water pump, etc. form, the structural concept of its composition is that curtain hanging device two is installed on the frame construction at body of wall top; Curtain is fixed on the centre that is hung vertically in body of wall on the curtain hanging device; Glassware for drinking water is arranged on two, curtain hanging device next door, body of wall top and is fixed on the pillar of both sides, and the water supply installation that can supply water to curtain downwards automatically lentamente is set in the glassware for drinking water, in the bottom of curtain filter is set; Water falls the entering filter from curtain; Particle in the water is trapped within the filter, and the bottom of body of wall is provided with the pond, stores and collect the water that flows down from above; Regularly let water pump water lift in the pond be supplied to glassware for drinking water by timing means; In body of wall, form the water flow structure of circular flow up and down, make curtain become the wet curtain that continues downward flowing water together, make facility and structure in the body of wall have particle in the absorbed air, increase air humidity, reduce air themperature, stop that mosquito fly inlet chamber is interior, irrigating plant, cultured fishes, etc. function.
The skin of wall body structure is described plant and cultivating facility thereof; By plant, cultivation bed, soil, automatic irrigation and fertilizer apparatus, track, etc. form; The structural concept of its composition is, cultivation bed is with stainless steel or timber or plastics or glass fiber reinforced plastic or the firm free of contamination material of corrosion-resistant weather resistance of these hard of pottery, and being provided with of cultivation bed can be that trapezoidal top is big, the bottom is little, the inboard is vertical, the outside acutangulates, the shape of upper opening; It also can be square or triangle or semicircular; The matrix of placing soil and being suitable for planting plant in the cultivation bed, soil and being suitable for are planted in the matrix of plant and are planted plant, and the two ends of cultivation bed are fixed on the track of body of wall both sides; The track of body of wall both sides is fixed in the both sides pillar of frame construction; In the middle part of cultivation bed some roads bracing or strutting arrangement can be set, share the load-bearing pressure of two track, the several rows of outside that is vertically set on body of wall up and down of cultivation bed; Between the adjacent two rows cultivation bed certain spacing space is set; Be the window in the body of wall, supply daylighting, circulation of air and plant growing, the surperficial facility of cultivation bed outside frame and decoration are formed the exterior wall facility and the decoration in house together with the plant in the groove.
The internal layer of wall body structure is described forms facility; By window-frame, window, glass, active connection, etc. form, the structural concept of its composition is that window-frame is fixed on the frame construction in house; Window can move and open or inwardly draw back; Functions such as printing opacity wind and water preventing sound-insulating and heat-insulating are arranged after window is closed, and window is opened air and is circulated through the space between the cultivation bed, and the facility of forms and incrustation present the interior wall facility and the decoration in house.
The wall body structure of three-dimensional paddy field wall divides three levels to form by above-mentioned three big facilities; But it also can remove partial function; Be arranged to two-layer structure and realize simple functional requirement; As water and cycle facilities thereof in the middle of removing, plant and cultivating facility thereof and forms facility two-layer structure only are set, be implemented in the simple functions of cultivated plant in the wall body structure; Or remove cultivating facility water and cycle facilities and forms facility two-layer structure only are set, be implemented in the wall body structure with cascade and remove airborne particle, regulate the simple functions of air themperature and humidity.
Curtain with glass fiber, the free of contamination material of these corrosion-resistant weather resistances of silica gel, be transparent net structure, the curtain hanging device is with spring roller shutter structure fabrication, the curtain hanging device can be controlled curtain and roll or put down; When curtain is rolled; People can sow, gather in the crops and manage the plant in the cultivation bed in the house, when curtain puts down, and the ability ventilation and penetrating light; Stop in the mosquito fly inlet chamber; Airborne particle can be adsorbed by moistening curtain through the curtain slit time for air, and particle can move in the filter of bottom under the effect of gravity and current naturally.
Curtain hanging device and curtain are used the VELCRO adhesion, when curtain is contaminated, can removes and be stained with use again after cleaning or changing.
The bottom, two ends of cultivation bed is provided with the chock of protrusion, and track is provided with the supporting fore shaft that falls in, and cultivation bed moves inward, and can free fore shaft and take off cultivation bed, and cultivation bed outwards moves fore shaft locking, and cultivation bed is locked in orbit tightly.
The density setting of track is greater than several 1-2 times of being provided with of cultivation bed; According to needs such as sight line, daylighting, ventilation in the house; Can enlarge or dwindle the spacing of two rows between the cultivation beds selectively, make indoor sight line, daylighting, ventilation can adapt to people's habits and customs, the spacing of dwindling two row's cultivation beds in position; Can make full use of the body of wall space increases the cultivated area of plant, and these demands can be adjusted through selecting track.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1--outdoor body of wall side schematic view.
Fig. 2--indoor wall front schematic view.
Fig. 3--body of wall side schematic view.
1-glassware for drinking water.
2-forms.
3-curtain.
4-cultivation bed.
5-track.
6-pond.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment of the present invention is described further: combine Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 to see; Curtain 3 is arranged on the centre of body of wall in the frame construction in house; Glassware for drinking water 1 is arranged on the top of body of wall, and the water droplet in the glassware for drinking water 1 is fallen in the curtain 3, falls in the pond, bottom 6 of body of wall through behind the curtain 3 again; Be supplied to glassware for drinking water 1 with water pump water lift in the pond; In body of wall, form the water flow structure of circular flow up and down, make curtain 3 become the wet curtain that continues downward flowing water together, make body of wall have particle in the absorbed air, increase air humidity, reduce air themperature, stop in the mosquito fly inlet chamber, irrigating plant, cultured fishes, etc. function.The skin of wall body structure is described plant and cultivating facility thereof; Place soil in the cultivation bed 4; The plantation plant, the two ends of cultivation bed 4 are fixed on the track 5 of body of wall both sides, the cultivation bed 4 several rows of outsides that are vertically set on body of wall up and down; Between the adjacent two rows cultivation bed 4 the certain spacing space is set; Be the window in the body of wall, supply daylighting, circulation of air and plant growing, the surperficial facility of cultivation bed 4 outside frames and decoration are formed the exterior wall facility and the decoration in house together with the plant in the groove.The internal layer of wall body structure is described forms 2 facilities; By window-frame, window, glass, active connection, etc. form; Window-frame is fixed on the frame construction in house, and window can move and open or inwardly draw back, and functions such as printing opacity wind and water preventing sound-insulating and heat-insulating are arranged after window is closed; Window is opened air and is circulated through the space between the cultivation bed 4, and the facility of forms 2 and incrustation present the interior wall facility and the decoration in house.
The schematic structure of above-mentioned design and application mode only are used for that the present invention will be described, are convenient to understand; Do not constitute restriction to the claim scope; According to structural principle of the present invention, those skilled in the art adopt other substantive equivalents, all in claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. three-dimensional paddy field wall is characterized in that: in the frame construction in house, adopted water and cycle facilities thereof, plant and cultivating facility thereof, forms facility, in the branch, outer, interior three levels are combined into the wall body structure in house; The centre of wall body structure is described water and cycle facilities thereof; Be made up of water, curtain, curtain hanging device, glassware for drinking water, pond, filter, timer, water pump, the structural concept of its composition is that curtain hanging device two is installed on the frame construction at body of wall top; Curtain is fixed on the centre that is hung vertically in body of wall on the curtain hanging device; Glassware for drinking water is arranged on two, curtain hanging device next door, body of wall top and is fixed on the pillar of both sides, and the water supply installation that can supply water to curtain downwards automatically lentamente is set in the glassware for drinking water, in the bottom of curtain filter is set; Water falls the entering filter from curtain; Particle in the water is trapped within the filter, and the bottom of body of wall is provided with the pond, stores and collect the water that flows down from above; Regularly let water pump water lift in the pond be supplied to glassware for drinking water by timing means; In body of wall, form the water flow structure of circular flow up and down, make curtain become the wet curtain that continues downward flowing water together, make facility and structure in the body of wall have particle in the absorbed air, increase air humidity, reduce air themperature, stop that mosquito fly inlet chamber is interior, the function of irrigating plant, cultured fishes; The skin of wall body structure is described plant and cultivating facility thereof; Form by plant, cultivation bed, soil, automatic irrigation and fertilizer apparatus, track; The structural concept of its composition is, cultivation bed is with stainless steel or timber or plastics or glass fiber reinforced plastic or the firm free of contamination material of corrosion-resistant weather resistance of these hard of pottery, and being provided with of cultivation bed can be that trapezoidal top is big, the bottom is little, the inboard is vertical, the outside acutangulates, the shape of upper opening; It also can be square or triangle or semicircular; The matrix of placing soil and being suitable for planting plant in the cultivation bed, soil and being suitable for are planted in the matrix of plant and are planted plant, and the two ends of cultivation bed are fixed on the track of body of wall both sides; The track of body of wall both sides is fixed in the both sides pillar of frame construction; In the middle part of cultivation bed some roads bracing or strutting arrangement can be set, share the load-bearing pressure of two track, the several rows of outside that is vertically set on body of wall up and down of cultivation bed; Between the adjacent two rows cultivation bed certain spacing space is set; Be the window in the body of wall, supply daylighting, circulation of air and plant growing, the surperficial facility of cultivation bed outside frame and decoration are formed the exterior wall facility and the decoration in house together with the plant in the groove; The internal layer of wall body structure is described forms facility; Be made up of window-frame, window, glass, active connection, the structural concept of its composition is that window-frame is fixed on the frame construction in house; Window can move and open or inwardly draw back; Printing opacity wind and water preventing sound-insulating and heat-insulating function is arranged after window is closed, and window is opened air and is circulated through the space between the cultivation bed, and the facility of forms and incrustation present the interior wall facility and the decoration in house.
2. a kind of three-dimensional paddy field according to claim 1 wall; It is characterized in that: water and cycle facilities thereof in the middle of wall body structure can remove; Plant and cultivating facility thereof and forms facility two-layer structure only are set, are implemented in the simple functions of cultivated plant in the wall body structure.
3. a kind of three-dimensional paddy field according to claim 1 wall; It is characterized in that: wall body structure can remove plant and cultivating facility only is provided with water and cycle facilities and forms facility two-layer structure, is implemented in the wall body structure with cascade to remove airborne particle, regulate the simple functions of air themperature and humidity.
4. a kind of three-dimensional paddy field according to claim 1 wall; It is characterized in that: curtain is with glass fiber, the free of contamination material of these corrosion-resistant weather resistances of silica gel, transparent net structure, and the curtain hanging device is with spring roller shutter structure fabrication, and the curtain hanging device can be controlled curtain and roll or put down; When curtain is rolled; People can sow, gather in the crops and manage the plant in the cultivation bed in the house, when curtain puts down, and the ability ventilation and penetrating light; Stop in the mosquito fly inlet chamber; Airborne particle can be adsorbed by moistening curtain through the curtain slit time for air, and particle can move in the filter of bottom under the effect of gravity and current naturally.
5. a kind of three-dimensional paddy field according to claim 1 wall, it is characterized in that: curtain hanging device and curtain are used the VELCRO adhesion, when curtain is contaminated, can removes and be stained with use again after cleaning or changing.
6. a kind of three-dimensional paddy field according to claim 1 wall; It is characterized in that: the bottom, two ends of cultivation bed is provided with the chock of protrusion; Track is provided with the supporting fore shaft that falls in, and cultivation bed moves inward, and can free fore shaft and take off cultivation bed; Cultivation bed outwards moves fore shaft locking, and cultivation bed is locked in orbit tightly.
7. a kind of three-dimensional paddy field according to claim 1 wall; It is characterized in that: the density setting of track is greater than several 1-2 times of being provided with of cultivation bed; According to sight line, daylighting, ventilation needs in the house; Can enlarge or dwindle the spacing of two rows between the cultivation beds selectively, make indoor sight line, daylighting, ventilation can adapt to people's habits and customs, the spacing of dwindling two row's cultivation beds in position; Can make full use of the body of wall space increases the cultivated area of plant, and these demands can be adjusted through selecting track.
CN201210082682.6A 2012-03-26 2012-03-26 Three-dimensional paddy field wall CN102587535B (en)

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CN102587535B CN102587535B (en) 2014-05-07

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014169707A1 (en) * 2013-04-18 2014-10-23 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Plant wall
CN104429694A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-03-25 北京禾木源农业科技有限责任公司 Household fruit/vegetable production system
CN104584933A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-05-06 苏州翔天装饰设计有限公司 Multifunctional planting wall
CN104813870A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-08-05 窦观一 Ecological agriculture system that fully utilizes wind, light and gas energy sources
CN105994116A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-10-12 枣庄学院 Fish tank circulating filtration system provided with double sewage drainage ports and capable of discharging impurities
CN108249702A (en) * 2018-01-25 2018-07-06 浙江嘉善市政园林有限公司 A kind of municipal administration landscape water circulation system and its method for treating water
CN109518834A (en) * 2018-08-23 2019-03-26 安徽工程大学 A kind of Green environmental-protection building wall construction method
CN110432030A (en) * 2019-09-02 2019-11-12 刘大欣 It is a kind of applied to ecology corridor in terms of vegetation wall

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2367947Y (en) * 1998-12-29 2000-03-08 王广生 Intelligent ecological wall
WO2005025296A1 (en) * 2003-09-18 2005-03-24 Greenwall Sas Modular structure which is used to form an essentially-vertical wall of a building element and which is used to house ornamental plants
CN201347631Y (en) * 2008-12-01 2009-11-18 李楚荣 Ecological wall
CN101701479A (en) * 2009-10-21 2010-05-05 东南大学 Ventilating glass curtain wall and working method thereof
CN101725194A (en) * 2009-10-13 2010-06-09 北京土人景观与建筑规划设计研究院 Calcareous tufa ecological waterscape wall
CN201854583U (en) * 2010-09-21 2011-06-08 陈顺益 Multifunctional ecological green wall
CN102232347A (en) * 2010-05-06 2011-11-09 邱晓晖 Planting container for ecological planted curtain wall
CN202509653U (en) * 2012-03-26 2012-10-31 陈国柱 Three-dimensional paddy field wall

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2367947Y (en) * 1998-12-29 2000-03-08 王广生 Intelligent ecological wall
WO2005025296A1 (en) * 2003-09-18 2005-03-24 Greenwall Sas Modular structure which is used to form an essentially-vertical wall of a building element and which is used to house ornamental plants
CN201347631Y (en) * 2008-12-01 2009-11-18 李楚荣 Ecological wall
CN101725194A (en) * 2009-10-13 2010-06-09 北京土人景观与建筑规划设计研究院 Calcareous tufa ecological waterscape wall
CN101701479A (en) * 2009-10-21 2010-05-05 东南大学 Ventilating glass curtain wall and working method thereof
CN102232347A (en) * 2010-05-06 2011-11-09 邱晓晖 Planting container for ecological planted curtain wall
CN201854583U (en) * 2010-09-21 2011-06-08 陈顺益 Multifunctional ecological green wall
CN202509653U (en) * 2012-03-26 2012-10-31 陈国柱 Three-dimensional paddy field wall

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014169707A1 (en) * 2013-04-18 2014-10-23 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Plant wall
CN104429694A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-03-25 北京禾木源农业科技有限责任公司 Household fruit/vegetable production system
CN104429694B (en) * 2014-12-02 2016-07-13 北京禾木源农业科技有限责任公司 A kind of family fruit and vegerable production system
CN104584933A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-05-06 苏州翔天装饰设计有限公司 Multifunctional planting wall
CN104813870A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-08-05 窦观一 Ecological agriculture system that fully utilizes wind, light and gas energy sources
CN105994116A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-10-12 枣庄学院 Fish tank circulating filtration system provided with double sewage drainage ports and capable of discharging impurities
CN105994116B (en) * 2016-06-23 2018-08-17 枣庄学院 A kind of double-drainage, can fish jar capable of discharging pollution circulated filter system
CN108249702A (en) * 2018-01-25 2018-07-06 浙江嘉善市政园林有限公司 A kind of municipal administration landscape water circulation system and its method for treating water
CN109518834A (en) * 2018-08-23 2019-03-26 安徽工程大学 A kind of Green environmental-protection building wall construction method
CN110432030A (en) * 2019-09-02 2019-11-12 刘大欣 It is a kind of applied to ecology corridor in terms of vegetation wall

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