CN102587502A - Self-modeling and self-heat preservation building - Google Patents

Self-modeling and self-heat preservation building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102587502A
CN102587502A CN 201110023742 CN201110023742A CN102587502A CN 102587502 A CN102587502 A CN 102587502A CN 201110023742 CN201110023742 CN 201110023742 CN 201110023742 A CN201110023742 A CN 201110023742A CN 102587502 A CN102587502 A CN 102587502A
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heat
preservation
layers
self
building
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CN 201110023742
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Chinese (zh)
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杨怀君
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杨怀君
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Abstract

The invention relates to a new building, in particular to a self-modeling and self-heat preservation building, which is a building realizing the self-modeling and self-heat preservation of concrete beams, plates and posts by changing a construction material, changing the construction sequence and adopting new sectional materials and a new construction sequence. The construction mode of the building is that a filled wall is firstly constructed at the relevant position of the designed building, the upper surface of the filled wall is used as a bottom die of a beam, templates with heat preservation layers are adopted at the both sides of the beam, the upper surface of the filled wall and the inner surfaces of the heat preservation layers are used as cavities of the beam, reinforcing steel bars are placed in the cavities, concrete is poured, thereby forming the beam with the heat preservation layers; the surface of the filled wall, which is connected with the post, has the functions of the templates, the templates with the heat preservation layers are adopted by other positions of the post, the side surface of the filled wall and the inner surface of the heat preservation layers of the templates of the posts are used as the cavities of the post, the reinforcing steel bars are placed in the cavities, the concrete is poured, and then the post with the heat preservation layers is formed; a floor plate adopts the template with the heat preservation layer, the density and the strength of the heat preservation layer needs to be properly increased so as to ensure that the heat preservation layer is not destroyed by the treading of constructors, the reinforcing steel bars are placed on the heat preservation layer, the concrete is poured, and then the floor plate with the heat preservation layer is formed; and the templates of the beam, the plate and the post are used as protection layers of the heat preservation layers.

Description

一种自模自保温建筑物 A self-building insulation from the mold

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及一种新的建筑物,特别是一种自模自保温建筑物。 [0001] The present invention relates to a new building, in particular a building from the insulation from the die. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现有的混凝土框架建筑物施工时先施工主体结构的混凝土的梁板柱,然后再在梁板柱之间填充墙体,填充墙体统一抹灰后外罩保温层,最后进行装修。 [0002] The first existing concrete frame building construction concrete into slab during the construction of the main structure, and then between the slab filling wall column, after filling the wall plaster unified insulation casing, finally decorated.

[0003] 现有的混凝土框架建筑物的梁、楼板和柱施工时都需要模板,安装和拆卸模板需要大量的人力物力,并且施工周期长,保温层需要单独施工等不足。 [0003] a conventional concrete frame building beams, required floor and column of template construction, installation and removal of the template requires a lot of manpower and resources, and long construction period, insulation and other issues require separate construction.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的是改变构造材料,改变施工顺序,采用新型材料和新的施工顺序实现混凝土梁板柱自模、自保温的建筑物。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to change the configuration of the material, changing the order of the construction, the use of new materials and new construction of the concrete slab to achieve sequential columns from the mold, heat from the building.

[0005] 本发明的目的是以以下方式实现的: [0005] The object of the present invention is achieved in the following manner:

[0006] 在设计好的建筑的相应部位首先施工填充墙,填充墙具有填充和保温的功能,施工好的填充墙的上表面作为梁的底模来使用,填充墙可采用一种专用的墙板或其他材料来实现。 [0006] is used as a bottom die corresponding parts of the beam is first designed building construction filling wall, infill walls having insulation and filling functions, a good filling wall construction on the surface, the wall can be filled with a special wall board or other materials to achieve. 梁的两侧采用带有保温层的模板,保温层在模板的里面,这样,填充墙的上表面与保温层的内表面做为梁的空腔,空腔内放上钢筋,浇筑好混凝土就形成了带有保温层的梁,模板作为保温层的保护层。 Both sides of the beam using a template with an insulation layer, the insulation layer on the inside of the template, so that the inner surface of the wall is filled with the upper surface of the insulating layer as the beam cavity, the cavity put reinforced concrete pouring to good forming a beam, with template insulating layer as a protective layer of insulation. 模板施工后作为保温层的保护层不用拆除。 Construction template as a protective layer of insulation not removed.

[0007] 填充墙与柱相接的表面同时也具备模板的功能,柱的其他部位采用带有保温层的模板,保温层在模板的里面,这样,填充墙的侧表面与保温层的内表面做为柱的空腔,空腔内放入钢筋,浇筑好混凝土就形成了带有保温层的柱,模板作为保温层的保护层。 [0007] The column is filled with the contact surface of the wall at the same time have the function of the template, the template using other parts of the column with the insulation layer, the insulation layer on the inside of the template, so that the inner surface of the side surface of the insulation layer filling wall as the cavity of the column, into the cavity of steel, pouring concrete to form a good insulation of the column with the template as a protective layer of insulation. 模板施工后作为保温层的保护层不用拆除。 Construction template as a protective layer of insulation not removed.

[0008] 楼板采用带有保温层的模板,保温层要适当的增加密度和强度以保证施工人员的踩踏而不破坏,保温层上放置钢筋浇注混凝土就成了带有保温层的楼板,模板作为保温层的保护层。 [0008] The use of the template with the floor insulation, the insulation to increase the density and strength adequate to ensure that construction workers without damaging depression, placed on a reinforced concrete cast with the insulating layer has become the floor insulation, as template the protective layer of insulation. 模板施工后作为保温层的保护层不用拆除。 Construction template as a protective layer of insulation not removed.

[0009] 本发明作为施工好的建筑物不用到现场运输、安装、拆卸钢模或木模,减少了施工程序,加快了施工进度;不用在建筑外侧另外增加一层保温层,简化了结构使的保温层与建筑物主体具有相同的寿命;具有分室分户保温功能;为二次装修提供了一个基础表面。 [0009] The present invention is as good a building construction site without the transport, installation, removal steel or wood mold, reducing the construction program, speed up the construction progress; without an additional layer of insulation on the outside of the building, so that the structure is simplified the insulation of the building body having the same lifetime; household having a compartment insulation function; provide a basis for the second surface decoration.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 图1是本发明的外墙梁节点剖视图 [0010] FIG. 1 is a sectional view of a facade beam node of the invention

[0011] 图2是本发明的内墙梁节点剖视图 [0011] FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of interior beam joint according to the invention

[0012] 图3是本发明的外墙拐角柱节点剖视图 [0012] FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the present invention, the external walls of the column node corners

[0013] 图4是本发明的内墙与外墙柱交接节点剖视图 [0013] FIG. 4 is a columnar junction node of outer and inner wall cross-sectional view of the present invention

具体实施方式[0014] 图1为外墙梁的节点剖示图,自保温墙板9的上表面和带有保温层10的梁模板5、 带有保温层7的模板8组成梁浇注槽,放入钢筋浇筑混凝土就成了梁6 ;带有保温层2的楼板模板3与梁模板5组成楼板模板,放入钢筋浇筑混凝土就成了楼板1 ;带有保温层7的梁模板阻断梁部位的的冷桥,带有保温层10的梁模板5阻断墙板与梁交界面的的局部冷桥; 自保温墙板9、保温层7和保温层10组成了自保温系统;楼板保温层2实现了上下楼层保温;带有保温层2的楼板模板3、带有保温层10的梁模板5、带有保温层7的梁模板8在安装完毕浇注混凝土后作为各自保温层的保护层不用拆卸; DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0014] FIG. 1 is a node diagram of the external walls of the beam cross-section, from the upper surface 9 of wall insulation and insulation plate 5 with the beam 10, with the insulation layer 87 composed of a template casting trough beam, pouring concrete into the steel beam became 6; slab formwork with insulation 3 of the template 2 composed of the beam 5 slab formwork, pouring concrete into the reinforced floor became 1; beam formwork with insulation blocking the beam 7 parts of the cold bridge, with the beam 5 template insulation wall 10 to block the local cold bridge interface of the beam; 9 from the wall insulation, the insulation layer 7 and the insulating layer 10 composed of self-insulation system; floor insulation layer 2 implements the vertical insulation of floors; with insulation slab formwork 2 3, the beam 5 with the template of the insulation layer 10, with the insulation beam formwork 7 of the protective layer 8 as the respective insulation layer is cast concrete after installation without disassembly;

[0015] 图2为内墙梁的节点剖面图,梁两侧带有保温层10的梁模板5和自保温墙板9的上表面组成内墙梁浇注槽,放入钢筋浇筑混凝土就成了梁6 ;带有保温层2的楼板模板3与梁模板5组成楼板模板,放入钢筋浇筑混凝土就成了楼板1 ;楼板保温层2实现了楼层保温;梁两侧保温层10和自保温墙板9组成了分室保温;带有保温层2的楼板模板3、梁的两侧带有保温层10的梁模板5在安装完毕浇注混凝土后作为各自保温层的保护层不用拆卸; [0015] FIG. 2 is a sectional view of interior node of the beam, with the insulation layer on both sides of the beam 10 and the beam plate 5 from the upper surface of the interior wall insulation 9 consisting casting trough beams, pouring concrete into the steel became beam 6; slab formwork with insulation 3 of the template 2 composed of the beam 5 slab formwork, pouring concrete into the reinforced floor became 1; 2 to achieve a floor insulation floor insulation; both sides of the beam 10 and the insulation from the insulation wall 9 form the plate incubated compartments; slab formwork with insulation 2 3, on both sides of the beam with the beam 10 of the insulation plate 5 as the respective protective layers of insulation without disassembling installed after concrete is poured;

[0016] 图3是外墙拐角柱节点剖面图,自保温墙板9的侧表面与带有保温层10的柱模板5、带有保温层7的柱模板8形成外墙拐角柱模板,放入钢筋浇注混凝土后就成了外墙转角柱4 ;带有保温层7的梁模板阻断梁部位的的冷桥,带有保温层10的梁模板5阻断墙板与梁交界面的的局部冷桥;自保温墙板9、保温层7和保温层10组成了自保温系统;带有保温层10的梁模板5、带有保温层7的梁模板8在安装完毕浇注混凝土后作为各自保温层的保护层不用拆卸; [0016] FIG. 3 is a sectional view of a corner column node facades, wall insulation 9 from the side surface of the insulation plate 5 with 10 column with 7 column form of insulation exterior wall 8 is formed a corner pillar form, put reinforced concrete is poured into the corner columns since become external walls 4; cold bridge insulation template with 7 parts of a blocked beam, the beam having insulation plate 5 and the beam blocking wall 10 of the interface local cold bridge; 9 from the wall insulation, the insulation layer 7 and the insulating layer 10 composed of a self-insulation system; template beam 5 with the insulating layer 10, with insulating layer 8 of the beam 7 in the template after pouring the concrete as the respective installation the protective layer of the insulation without disassembling;

[0017] 图4是外墙柱节点剖面图,自保温墙板9的侧表面与带有保温层10的柱模板5、 带有保温层7的柱模板8形成柱模板,放入钢筋浇注混凝土后就成了外墙柱4 ;自保温墙板9、保温层7和保温层10形成自保温系统;保温层10阻断了外自保温墙板9与柱4结合面的局部冷桥;室内自保温墙板9与柱两侧保温层10组成了分室保温系统;带有保温层10的梁模板5、带有保温层7的梁模板8在安装完毕浇注混凝土后作为各自保温层的保护层不用拆卸。 [0017] FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the external walls of the column node, wall insulation 9 from the side surface of the insulation plate 5 with the column 10, with the insulation layer 8 is formed in the column form a column 7 template, pouring concrete into the reinforced since become external walls of the column 4; 9 from the wall insulation, the insulation layer 7 and the insulating layer 10 is formed from the insulation system; blocking insulating layer 10 from the outer wall insulation cold bridge 9 and the local joint surface 4 of the column; indoor since both sides of the wall insulation post 9 and the insulating layer 10 composed of the thermal insulation system compartment; template beam 5 with the insulating layer 10, with the insulation beam formwork 7 of the protective layer 8 as the respective insulation layer is cast concrete after installation without disassembly.

Claims (4)

  1. 1. 一种自模自保温建筑物的外墙梁的节点构造,自保温墙板9的上表面和带有保温层10的梁模板5、带有保温层7的模板8组成梁浇注槽,放入钢筋浇筑混凝土就成了梁6 ;带有保温层2的楼板模板3与梁模板5组成楼板模板,放入钢筋浇筑混凝土就成了楼板1 ;带有保温层2的楼板模板3、带有保温层10的梁模板5、带有保温层7的梁模板8在安装完毕浇注混凝土后不用拆卸; 1. A self-mode beam from the insulation external wall of a building structure nodes, wall insulation 9 from the upper surface of the beam and plate 5 with the insulation layer 10 with the insulation layer 87 composed of a template casting trough beam, pouring concrete into the steel beam became 6; slab formwork with insulation 3 of the template 2 composed of the beam 5 slab formwork, pouring concrete into the steel slab became 1; with insulation slab formwork 2 3, with the beam 10 of the insulation plate 5, the beam 7 with the insulating layer 8 without removing the template after pouring the concrete installation;
  2. 2. 一种自模自保温建筑物的内墙梁的节点构造,梁两侧带有保温层10的梁模板5和自保温墙板9的上表面组成内墙梁浇注槽,放入钢筋浇筑混凝土就成了梁6 ;带有保温层2的楼板模板3与梁模板5组成楼板模板,放入钢筋浇筑混凝土就成了楼板1 ;带有保温层2的楼板模板3、梁的两侧带有保温层10的梁模板5在安装完毕浇注混凝土后不用拆卸; A beam from the mold interior wall of a building insulation from a node configuration, both sides of the beam with the beam 10 of the insulation plate 5 and the upper surface of the wall insulation 9 from the composition of the casting trough interior beams, pouring into steel 6 became the concrete beam; slab formwork with an insulating layer 3 of the template 2 composed of the beam 5 slab formwork, pouring concrete into the steel slab became 1; 3, both sides of the tape with insulation slab formwork beams 2 beam template 5 there is insulation 10 after installation without disassembling the concrete is poured;
  3. 3. 一种自模自保温建筑物的外墙拐角柱节点构造,自保温墙板9的侧表面与带有保温层10的柱模板5、带有保温层7的柱模板8形成外墙拐角柱模板,放入钢筋浇注混凝土后就成了外墙转角柱4 ;带有保温层10的梁模板5、带有保温层7的梁模板8在安装完毕浇注混凝土后不用拆卸; 3. A corner column node from the external walls of the mold structure from the building insulation, wall insulation 9 from the side surface of the column 5 with the template insulation layer 10 with the column form the insulation layer 8 is formed in the external walls of the corner 7 column template, pouring concrete into the reinforced corner columns since become external walls 4; 5 beam formwork with insulation 10, the insulation layer 7 with the beam 8 without removing the template after pouring the concrete installation;
  4. 4. 一种自模自保温建筑物的外墙柱节点构造,自保温墙板9的侧表面与带有保温层10 的柱模板5、带有保温层7的柱模板8形成外墙柱模板,放入钢筋浇注混凝土后就成了外墙柱4 ;带有保温层10的梁模板5、带有保温层7的梁模板8在安装完毕浇注混凝土后不用拆卸。 4. A self node is configured from molded building facade insulation pillar, wall insulation 9 from the side surface of the insulation plate 5 with 10 column with 7 column form of insulation exterior walls 8 is formed the column form , reinforced concrete is poured into the column 4 since become external walls; beam formwork beam with insulation plate 5 10, 7, 8 with insulation after installation without disassembling the concrete was poured.
CN 201110023742 2011-01-16 2011-01-16 Self-modeling and self-heat preservation building CN102587502A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1215116A (en) * 1997-10-17 1999-04-28 北京亿利达轻体房屋有限公司 New technology for form-stripping free cast-in-situ thermal-insulated load-bearing wall
US5906081A (en) * 1995-05-04 1999-05-25 Ma-Rakennus J. Mantyla Ky Wall construction and method of manufacturing a wall construction
CN201068619Y (en) * 2007-07-31 2008-06-04 张利萍 Dedicated collar beam, trim joist building blocks with heat-insulating layer
US20090107065A1 (en) * 2007-10-24 2009-04-30 Leblang Dennis William Building construction for forming columns and beams within a wall mold
CN101614073A (en) * 2009-06-17 2009-12-30 崔景新 Non-dismantling self-heat-insulation building template
CN101775862A (en) * 2010-02-02 2010-07-14 王新强 Composite heat preserving template and building main body integrated construction heat preserving system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5906081A (en) * 1995-05-04 1999-05-25 Ma-Rakennus J. Mantyla Ky Wall construction and method of manufacturing a wall construction
CN1215116A (en) * 1997-10-17 1999-04-28 北京亿利达轻体房屋有限公司 New technology for form-stripping free cast-in-situ thermal-insulated load-bearing wall
CN201068619Y (en) * 2007-07-31 2008-06-04 张利萍 Dedicated collar beam, trim joist building blocks with heat-insulating layer
US20090107065A1 (en) * 2007-10-24 2009-04-30 Leblang Dennis William Building construction for forming columns and beams within a wall mold
CN101614073A (en) * 2009-06-17 2009-12-30 崔景新 Non-dismantling self-heat-insulation building template
CN101775862A (en) * 2010-02-02 2010-07-14 王新强 Composite heat preserving template and building main body integrated construction heat preserving system

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