CN102585019B - Full automatic starch separator - Google Patents

Full automatic starch separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102585019B
CN102585019B CN201110148333.5A CN201110148333A CN102585019B CN 102585019 B CN102585019 B CN 102585019B CN 201110148333 A CN201110148333 A CN 201110148333A CN 102585019 B CN102585019 B CN 102585019B
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shell type
type wheel
spiral shell
interior
main shaft
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201110148333.5A
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CN102585019A (en
Inventor
胡肖成
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胡肖成
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Publication of CN102585019B publication Critical patent/CN102585019B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a full automatic starch separator, in particular to a full automatic starch separator which can manufacture starch of agricultural products such as yams and potatoes and can solve the starch manufacturing problem of efficient automatic powder residue separation. The full automatic starch separator comprises a driving device, a water spraying device and a pulverizer, and is characterized in that a discharge port of the pulverizer is connected with a powder washing cylinder; a main shaft that is arranged horizontally is arranged in the powder washing cylinder; a screw-type brush is arranged on the main shaft; a first inner threaded wheel and a second inner threaded wheel are arranged at one end of the main shaft; spiral grooves are formed in the excircle surface of a cone of the first inner threaded wheel and the excircle surface of the second inner threaded wheel; a tapered cylinder casing is arranged at the outer part of the first inner threaded wheel; a straight cylinder casing is arranged at the outer part of the second inner threaded wheel; and a filter screen is arranged at the lower part of the powder washing cylinder. Smashed starch raw material is stirred and cleaned fully, the starch yield is high, parameters such as rotational speed, water spraying quantity and the like can be adjusted in an infinite manner, discharged residues are residues with low water contents, and the equipment is convenient to clean and overhaul.

Description

Full-automatic starch separating machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to Full-automatic starch separating machine, especially a kind of Full-automatic starch separating machine of making the agricultural-food starch such as sweet potato, potato.
Background technology
Existing starch processing device mainly contains following several structure, if patent announcement number is a kind of high efficiency power saving starch machine of CN 2774165Y, the horizontal spindle that its one end is provided with belt pulley runs through front portion and is provided with the housing that hopper rear portion is provided with discharge port, itself and housing intersection are provided with bearing chamber, in housing below hopper, be provided with breaker roll, on its cylinder, be provided with protruding cutter head, the single cutting tool of ring hub sleeve on main shaft established in breaker roll rear end, there is the refinement doctor blade assembly being enclosed within side by side on main shaft this single cutting tool rear end, its rear end is provided with locating part, on main shaft after refinement doctor blade assembly, be provided with extruding cutter, its outside is provided with the screen drum that can be covered, the two ends of this screen drum are movably connected in the housing that bottom is provided with discharge port, breaker roll, single cutting tool, refinement cutter and extruding cutter are all fastened on main shaft.If patent publication No. is water injection type starch leaching machine in mono-kind of CN 2343166Y, it is comprised of spiral propeller, carrier plate, pulverizer, separator, water flooding regime in separator adopts, and this device is suitable for the high agricultural-food of starch-containing amount and extracts starch and use.The multi-functional separated screenings starch machine of a potato seed, beans that and for example patent publication No. is CN2204650Y, its chief component, except having the pulverizing and separate part of general Starch Production machinery, has also been set up a vibratory screening apparatus part.For another example patent publication No. is CN 2403781YR starch producing device, it has precomminution chamber, crushiing chamber and filtration chamber, the top of crushiing chamber is provided with the precomminution chamber communicating with it, and the bottom of crushiing chamber is provided with the filtration chamber communicating with it, and this structure is completely different from structure of the present invention.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to make problem in order to solve the starch of efficient granulated slag separation automatically, a kind of Full-automatic starch separating machine of reasonable in design is provided, it is simple to operate, the starting material of making starch enter shredding unit from hopper, by the spiral powder cylinder of washing, slurry is carried out fully stirring and rinsing, then granulated slag is separated, extrudes dry slag.
Above-mentioned technical problem of the present invention is mainly solved by following technical proposals: a kind of Full-automatic starch separating machine, comprise drive unit, waterworks, pulverizer, pulverizer discharge port described in it is characterized in that connects washes powder cylinder, described washing is provided with horizontally disposed main shaft in powder cylinder, spiral hairbrush is housed on main shaft, one end of main shaft is connected with drive unit, the other end of main shaft is provided with the first interior spiral shell type wheel, be connected with the second interior spiral shell type wheel with the first interior spiral shell type wheel, the first interior spiral shell type wheel is cone shape, the second interior spiral shell type wheel is cylindrical, the cone outer round surface of the first interior spiral shell type wheel, the second interior spiral shell type wheel outer round surface is provided with spiral slot, the outside of the first interior spiral shell type wheel is provided with cone cylinder shell, the outside of the second interior spiral shell type wheel is provided with straight tube housing, the bottom of washing powder cylinder is provided with filtering net.During spiral hairbrush rotation, under the cooperation of waterworks fully to operations such as the starch material after being broken stir, mixes, rushes, washes, and axially towards slag notch direction, move along main shaft, when the interior spiral shell type wheel of slag charge to the first position, slag charge enters water squeezing operation along the spiral slot on the first interior spiral shell type wheel, by the second interior spiral shell type, take turns, the slag charge water content of extruding is few again, and the starch being developed by waterworks enters discharge bucket through filter screen.
As preferably, the first described interior spiral shell type wheel and the second interior spiral shell type wheel axial centre are provided with through hole, and one end of main shaft is provided with the first interior spiral shell type wheel, the second interior spiral shell type and takes turns the shaft part coordinating.In the first interior spiral shell type wheel and the second interior spiral shell type wheel centre hole, be provided with keyway and coordinate with main shaft, the spiral slot between the first interior spiral shell type wheel and the second interior spiral shell type wheel is coherent mutually.
As preferably, described main shaft is provided with several screws, and spiral hairbrush is fixed on main shaft surface by several screws, and spiral hairbrush curl is along main shaft surface arrangement.The crepe cord that several screws are pressed hairbrush along the external diameter of axle is arranged, to guarantee that hairbrush is fixed as volution.
As preferably, the spiral slot on the first described interior spiral shell type wheel is to be provided with deep spiral groove and shallow spiral fluted twin-feed spiral groove, and the groove depth of deep spiral groove is greater than shallow spiral fluted groove depth.Deep spiral groove and the design of shallow spiral fluted more easily make slag charge extrude smoothly, are conducive to draining simultaneously.
As preferably, the first described interior spiral shell type wheel is provided with several water seepage holes vertically at spiral slot position, and water seepage hole is tapered hole, is less than the aperture of the other end towards the aperture of second interior spiral shell type wheel one end.Also can be arranged on the arc-shaped edges at spiral slot position along upper formation infiltration groove, a plurality of water seepage holes distribute along spiral slot for one week.
As preferably, one end of described cone cylinder shell is connected with one end of straight tube housing, and the other end of cone cylinder shell is connected with one end of washing powder cylinder shell, and one end of straight tube housing is provided with slag notch, is provided with vertically some slag guiding troughs on the inner hole wall of straight tube housing.The design of cone cylinder shell is mainly the moisture flow back scrubbing powder cylinder in order to squeeze out, and bores cylinder shell, straight tube housing and wash after powder cylinder links into an integrated entity to be fixed on the pedestal of equipment.Slag charge is under the continuous extruding of spiral hairbrush, and slag guiding trough plays a part slag charge guiding slag notch.
As preferably, described waterworks is provided with interior shower nozzle, and interior shower nozzle is arranged on to be washed in powder cylinder, and interior shower nozzle is connected with main pipeline by several switch-dividings, and one end of main pipeline is water-in, and the other end of main pipeline is connected with the bath shower nozzle in pulverizer.Interior shower nozzle is tubulose, and its length is less than in the length direction of washing powder cylinder empty, and the water yield of interior shower nozzle is controlled by several switch-dividings, and independent bath shower nozzle is housed in pulverizer.
As preferably, in described waterworks, shower nozzle is divided into several single spraying heads, and several single spraying heads are controlled by several switch-dividings respectively.Switch-dividing is controlled the water yield of interior shower nozzle, can be divided into a plurality of single spraying heads by interior shower nozzle and realize.
As preferably, the top of described pulverizer is provided with hopper, is provided with hobboing cutter in pulverizer, and hobboing cutter below is provided with conical hopper, and conical hopper is provided with inspects door.Hopper can be connected with starting material cleaning equipment, to realize automatic production, inspects door and can adopt hinge, insert the frame modes such as door bolt.
As preferably, the described powder cylinder of washing is provided with access door, and the below of washing the filtering net of powder cylinder is provided with powder delivery bucket.Access door with wash powder cylinder shell and be hinged, during maintenance, open access door; The filtering net cleaning of detachably getting off.
Effective effect of the present invention is: starch starting material after crushed obtain fully stirring washing in a pan and rinse, and flour extraction rate is high, and the electrodeless adjusting of the parameters such as rotating speed, injection flow rate is slagged tap for the low slag charge of water content, and equipment washing, maintenance are conveniently.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of powder cylinder spindle mounted structural representation of washing of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a kind of interior spiral shell type wheel construction schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a kind of straight tube shell structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is that the A of Fig. 4 of the present invention is to structural representation pictorial image.
Fig. 6 is a kind of waterworks structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a kind of mill structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
In figure: 1. wash powder cylinder, 11. main shafts, 12. spiral hairbrush, 13. first interior spiral shell type wheels, 131. deep spiral grooves, 132. shallow spiral slots, 133. water seepage holes, 14. second interior spiral shell type wheels, 15. access doors, 2. drive unit, 3. pulverizer, 31. inspect door, 32. bath shower nozzles, 4. waterworks, 41. water-ins, 42. switch-dividings, 43. interior shower nozzles, 5. powder delivery bucket, 6. cone cylinder shell, 7. straight tube housing, 71. slag notches, 72. slag guiding troughs, 8. filtering net.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of Full-automatic starch separating machine of the present embodiment, mainly by drive unit 2, waterworks 4, pulverizer 3, wash powder cylinder 1 and form.
Drive unit 2 is provided with motor, speed reduction unit, the power drive position that power is transported to pulverizer 4 and washes powder cylinder 1 by chain gear.
On pulverizer 3, hopper is housed, in pulverizer 3, is provided with hobboing cutter, hobboing cutter below is provided with conical hopper, and as shown in Figure 7, conical hopper is provided with inspects door 31, inspects door 31 and is hinged with conical hopper, and the discharge port of conical hopper bottom is connected to washes powder cylinder 1.
Wash the interior horizontally disposed main shaft 11 of powder cylinder 1, spiral hairbrush 12 is housed on main shaft 11, referring to Fig. 2, one end of main shaft 11 is connected with drive unit through bearing support, the other end is taken turns 14 through first interior spiral shell type wheel the 13 and second interior spiral shell type and with nut, is fixed afterwards, and first interior spiral shell type wheel the 13 and second interior spiral shell type is taken turns between 14 endoporus and main shaft and adopted key to be connected.The profile of the first interior spiral shell type wheel 13 is cone, and cone outer round surface is provided with spiral slot, and spiral slot is the twin-feed spiral groove that is provided with deep spiral groove 131 and shallow spiral slot 132, and endoporus is cylindrical hole.The profile of the second interior spiral shell type wheel 14 is cylindrical, and outer round surface is provided with twin-feed spiral groove, and endoporus is taper hole, and the shaft part that taper hole coordinates is therewith cone-shaped.Cylindrical shell upper part position of washing powder cylinder 1 is provided with access door 15, and access door 15 is with to wash powder cylinder 1 cylindrical shell hinged.
At the spiral slot position of the first interior spiral shell type wheel 13, be provided with vertically 16 water seepage holes 133 arranging for one week, referring to Fig. 3, water seepage hole 133 is tapered hole, and the aperture of taking turns 14 one end towards the second interior spiral shell type is less than the aperture of the other end.
The outside of the first interior spiral shell type wheel 13 is provided with cone cylinder shell 6, the outside of the second interior spiral shell type wheel 14 is provided with straight tube housing 7, one end of cone cylinder shell 6 is connected with one end of straight tube housing 7, the other end of cone cylinder shell 6 is fixed with one end of washing powder cylinder 1 housing, the appearance of cone cylinder shell 6 is fixed with equipment pedestal again, the end of straight tube housing 7 is provided with slag notch 71, and the inner hole wall of straight tube housing is provided with 12 slag guiding troughs 72, as shown in Figure 4, Figure 5.
The bottom of washing powder cylinder 1 is provided with filtering net 8, and filtering net 8 is circular-arc, and the radian of filtering net 8 is parallel with the endoporus radian of washing powder cylinder 1.Washing the below that powder cylinder 1 is provided with filtering net 8 is powder delivery bucket 5.
Waterworks 4 is comprised of main pipeline and interior shower nozzle 43, as shown in Figure 6, interior shower nozzle 43 is arranged on washes powder cylinder 1 inside, interior shower nozzle 43 is divided into 4 single spraying heads, then by 4 switch-dividings 42, be connected with main pipeline, one end of main pipeline is water-in 41, and the other end supplies water to the bath shower nozzle 32 in pulverizer 3.
During operation, open drive unit, open waterworks 4 switches and switch-dividing 42 regulating pondage, put into sweet potato starting material from the hopper of pulverizer 3 tops, the starch material after being broken enters and washes powder cylinder 1 from the funnel of pulverizer 3 belows.Spiral hairbrush 12 rotations, under the cooperation of waterworks, fully Rhizoma Dioscoreae powder is stirred, rinsed, slag charge axially moves towards slag notch 71 directions along main shaft 11, when the interior spiral shell type of slag charge to the first is taken turns 13 position, slag charge enters water squeezing operation along its spiral slot, by the second interior spiral shell type wheel 14, extrude slag charge again, the starch being developed by waterworks 4 enters discharge bucket 5 through filter screen 8.
Above-described embodiment is to explanation of the present invention, is not limitation of the invention, any structure after simple transformation of the present invention, technique is all belonged to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a Full-automatic starch separating machine, comprise drive unit (2), waterworks (4), pulverizer (3), pulverizer (3) discharge port described in it is characterized in that connects washes powder cylinder (1), described washing is provided with horizontally disposed main shaft (11) in powder cylinder (1), spiral hairbrush (12) is housed on main shaft (11), one end of main shaft (11) is connected with drive unit, the other end of main shaft (11) is provided with the first interior spiral shell type wheel (13), be connected with the second interior spiral shell type wheel (14) with the first interior spiral shell type wheel (13), the first interior spiral shell type wheel (13) is cone shape, the second interior spiral shell type wheel (14) is cylindrical, the cone outer round surface of the first interior spiral shell type wheel (13), second interior spiral shell type wheel (14) outer round surface is provided with spiral slot, the outside of the first interior spiral shell type wheel (13) is provided with cone cylinder shell (6), the outside of the second interior spiral shell type wheel (14) is provided with straight tube housing (7), the bottom of washing powder cylinder (1) is provided with filtering net (8).
2. Full-automatic starch separating machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the first described interior spiral shell type wheel (13) and second interior spiral shell type wheel (14) axial centre are provided with through hole, one end of main shaft (11) is provided with the shaft part coordinating with the first interior spiral shell type wheel (13), the second interior spiral shell type wheel (14).
3. Full-automatic starch separating machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that described main shaft (11) is provided with several screws, spiral hairbrush (12) is fixed on main shaft (11) surface by several screws, and spiral hairbrush (12) curl is along main shaft surface arrangement.
4. Full-automatic starch separating machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that the spiral slot on the first described interior spiral shell type wheel (13) is the twin-feed spiral groove that is provided with deep spiral groove (131) and shallow spiral slot (132), the groove depth of deep spiral groove (131) is greater than the groove depth of shallow spiral slot (132).
5. Full-automatic starch separating machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that the first described interior spiral shell type wheel (13) is provided with several water seepage holes (133) vertically at spiral slot position, water seepage hole (133) is tapered hole, is less than the aperture of the other end towards the aperture of second interior spiral shell type wheel (14) one end.
6. Full-automatic starch separating machine according to claim 1, the one end that it is characterized in that described cone cylinder shell (6) is connected with one end of straight tube housing (7), the other end of cone cylinder shell (6) is connected with one end of washing powder cylinder (1) housing, one end of straight tube housing (7) is provided with slag notch (71), is provided with vertically some slag guiding troughs (72) on the inner hole wall of straight tube housing (7).
7. Full-automatic starch separating machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described waterworks (4) is provided with interior shower nozzle (43), interior shower nozzle (43) is arranged on to be washed in powder cylinder (1), interior shower nozzle (43) is connected with main pipeline by several switch-dividings (42), one end of main pipeline is water-in (41), and the other end of main pipeline is connected with the bath shower nozzle (32) in pulverizer (3).
8. Full-automatic starch separating machine according to claim 7, is characterized in that the described interior shower nozzle of waterworks (4) (43) is divided into several single spraying heads, and several single spraying heads are controlled by several switch-dividings (42) respectively.
9. according to the Full-automatic starch separating machine described in claim 1 or 7, it is characterized in that the top of described pulverizer (3) is provided with hopper, pulverizer is provided with hobboing cutter in (3), and hobboing cutter below is provided with conical hopper, and conical hopper is provided with inspects door (31).
10. Full-automatic starch separating machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that the described powder cylinder (1) of washing is provided with access door (15), and the below of washing the filtering net (8) of powder cylinder (1) is provided with powder delivery bucket (5).
CN201110148333.5A 2011-06-03 2011-06-03 Full automatic starch separator Expired - Fee Related CN102585019B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110148333.5A CN102585019B (en) 2011-06-03 2011-06-03 Full automatic starch separator

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110148333.5A CN102585019B (en) 2011-06-03 2011-06-03 Full automatic starch separator

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CN102585019B true CN102585019B (en) 2014-02-05

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103694360A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-04-02 刘继顺 Slurry-residue separator
CN106174448B (en) * 2016-08-02 2019-09-10 伊奇森 A kind of track body of starch cold press device

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202116473U (en) * 2011-06-03 2012-01-18 胡肖成 Full-automatic starch separating machine

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JPS5726220B2 (en) * 1977-04-11 1982-06-03
CN2256809Y (en) * 1996-01-30 1997-06-25 辽宁省农牧业机械研究所 Helical residue dewaterer
CN2260664Y (en) * 1996-05-20 1997-08-27 邹光友 Multi-function high-efficiency centrifugal disintegrating separator for processing potato starch
JP2007117795A (en) * 2005-10-25 2007-05-17 Sasaki Corporation Apparatus for continuously sterilizing/drying food residue or like

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202116473U (en) * 2011-06-03 2012-01-18 胡肖成 Full-automatic starch separating machine

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Granted publication date: 20140205

Termination date: 20140603