CN102502422A - Integral hoisting equipment for offshore wind turbine - Google Patents

Integral hoisting equipment for offshore wind turbine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102502422A
CN102502422A CN2011102870547A CN201110287054A CN102502422A CN 102502422 A CN102502422 A CN 102502422A CN 2011102870547 A CN2011102870547 A CN 2011102870547A CN 201110287054 A CN201110287054 A CN 201110287054A CN 102502422 A CN102502422 A CN 102502422A
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China
Prior art keywords
wind turbine
blower fan
parts
chuck
offshore wind
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CN2011102870547A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102502422B (en
Inventor
白俊磊
王新明
王贤宇
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Sany Electric Co Ltd
Sany Electric Co Ltd Japan
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Sany Electric Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201110287054.7A priority Critical patent/CN102502422B/en
Publication of CN102502422A publication Critical patent/CN102502422A/en
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Publication of CN102502422B publication Critical patent/CN102502422B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses integral hoisting equipment for an offshore wind turbine. The integral hoisting equipment is used for integrally hoisting a wind turbine (4) on a transport ship (3) onto a wind turbine foundation through a crane (2) on an installation ship (1); fixing frames (31) are arranged on the transport ship (3); the wind turbine (4) is arranged between two adjacent fixing frames (31); the integral hoisting equipment for the offshore wind turbine comprises balance beams (5) supported on the two fixing frames (31), and a wind turbine lifting device (6) which is connected with the balance beams (5) through a rope (52); and a lockable follow-up device which can rotate and lock and can extend and retract along an axial direction is detachably hinged between a chassis (21) of the crane and the wind turbine lifting device (6). According to the hoisting equipment, an auxiliary platform is not needed to be arranged, the wind turbine can be transformed from flexible hoisting to rigid hoisting, stable butt joint between the wind turbine and the wind turbine foundation is realized, and bolt holes are stably centered and connected. Therefore, the hoisting process can be simplified, and the hoisting cost is reduced.

Description

A kind of offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to offshore wind turbine hoisting technology field, particularly a kind of offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment.
Background technology
The Oversea wind power generation technology is a Construction of Wind farm on suitable marine site, and wind power generating set (the following blower fan that also abbreviates as) is installed on the blower foundation of wind power plant, wind energy is converted into the technology of electric energy through blower fan.Blower fan generally comprises blower fan tower barrel, cabin and impeller, and electrical generator and gear case are installed in the cabin, and the main shaft of gear case stretches out in the outside in cabin, and impeller is installed on the main shaft.The bottom of blower fan tower barrel is provided with and is used for and the blower foundation flange connecting; The cabin is installed in the top of blower fan tower barrel, and impeller is installed on the gear case main shaft that extends, and impeller rotates under wind effect; The generator operation that drives in the cabin produces electric energy, realizes by the conversion of wind energy to electric energy.
At present, the marine installation that wind power generating set is installed mainly contains following two kinds of schemes:
First kind of scheme is split type installation, and soon blower fan is disassembled and is a plurality of parts such as blower fan tower barrel, cabin and impeller, each carries parts of blower fan arrived the wind-powered electricity generation generating field of marine predetermined maritime area with carrier; At the wind-powered electricity generation generating field, as the basis, each parts of on-site hoisting blower fan are accomplished the installation of blower fan with job platform on the movable type water.Yet not enough below this scheme exists: the marine operation time is longer, and installation process is complicated; In the blower fan installation process, need that job platform is in the good stable state for a long time on the movable type water, therefore require job platform that very high stability is arranged, but sea situation is complicated, technical risk is big, realizes the cost height.
Second kind of scheme is that integral type is installed; Promptly after will putting in order typhoon machine pre-assy on the nearer harbour of wind power plant and finishing; Through carrier complete blower is transported to the wind power plant of predetermined maritime area, utilizes the crane complete blower of installing on the ship then, make blower fan integral body be installed on the blower foundation with its tower tube; The marine operation time of this mounting means is shorter, and work efficiency is higher.Yet this kind mount scheme has following shortcoming:
After through hoisting crane the blower fan flexibility being lifted the blower foundation position; When this blower fan is docked with blower foundation; Need make the position of blower fan become stable, that is become the rigidity lifting, assistance platform need be set for this reason earlier on blower foundation by the flexibility lifting; Make this blower fan be supported in earlier on this assistance platform, thereby realize the stable of blower fan position.In said process, because assistance platform need be set earlier, thereby hoisting becomes complicated, and needs to consume too many manpower, greatly increased hoisting cost.
In view of this, needing badly provides a kind of offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment, and this hanging device need not be provided with assistance platform, can realize that just blower fan lifts the conversion of rigidity lifting by flexibility, thereby can simplify hoisting, falls hoisting cost.
Summary of the invention
The technical matters that the present invention will solve is for providing a kind of offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment; This hanging device need not be provided with assistance platform; Just can realize that blower fan lifts the conversion of rigidity lifting by flexibility, thereby can simplify hoisting, fall hoisting cost.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above; The present invention provides a kind of offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment; Be used for through install hoisting crane on the ship with the blower fan integral hoisting on the carrier in blower foundation, said carrier is provided with fixed mount, said blower fan is located between two adjacent fixed mounts;
Said offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment comprise be supported in two on the fixed mount equalizing bar, and and said equalizing bar embrace the act device through rope bonded assembly blower fan; Said equalizing bar is helped the tower tube upper end of said blower fan, and is provided with the first folding parts that discharge said tower tube upper end; Said blower fan is embraced the act device and is clasped the tower tube lower end of said blower fan, and is provided with the second folding parts that discharge said tower tube lower end;
Said hoisting crane is provided with the chassis that is supported on the said installation ship, and said chassis and said blower fan are embraced to lift and detachably be hinged with follow-up mechanism rotatable and that can lock and can stretch vertically and can lock between the device.
Preferably, the middle part of said equalizing bar is provided with circle ring part, and said circle ring part is helped said tower tube upper end, and the said first folding parts are located on the said circle ring part.
Preferably, the said first folding parts comprise two arc parts, and these two arc parts are articulated in the two ends of the opening of said circle ring part respectively, open so that the two can be closed with separating relatively.
Preferably, the inside of said circle ring part is provided with the support parts of the said tower tube of a plurality of supports upper end;
Said support parts comprise the outer sleeve body that is connected on the said circle ring part, slide be located in the said outer sleeve body in-to-in body and with said in body through elastomeric element bonded assembly arc.
Preferably, said blower fan is embraced and is lifted device and comprise hanging basket overcoat and the in-to-in hanging basket that can slide vertically and be located at said hanging basket overcoat;
Said equalizing bar is connected with said hanging basket overcoat through said rope; The inside in said hanging basket is clasped in said tower tube lower end, and the said second folding parts are located on the said hanging basket.
Preferably, further be provided with hoist cylinder between said hanging basket overcoat and the said hanging basket.
Preferably, said follow-up mechanism comprises interconnective universal-joint parts and telescopic boom parts; In said universal-joint parts and the said telescopic boom parts one are articulated on the said chassis, and another person is articulated in said blower fan and embraces on the act device.
Preferably, said universal-joint parts comprise the interconnective first segment spare and the second joint part, and said first segment spare is connected with first connecting portion, and the said second joint part is connected with guide frame;
Said first connecting portion is connected with exterior first chuck of the circumference that is placed in said first segment spare; The circumference outer cover of said guide frame is equipped with to endwisely slip along it also can be located at the exterior balladeur train of circumference of the said second joint part, and said balladeur train can be located at said first segment spare and removably connect with the circumference outside of the connection location of the said second joint part and with said first chuck.
Preferably, said balladeur train is provided with second chuck near an end of said first chuck, and said second chuck can slide vertically and be placed in the circumference outside of the said second joint part, and said balladeur train removably connects through said second chuck and said first chuck.
Preferably, cover reached and slidably is located at its exterior overcoat in said telescopic boom parts comprised; Offer notch on the wall of cover in said, the inside of said interior cover is provided with drive element and reaches and said drive element bonded assembly friction shoe, and said friction shoe can pass the inwall crimping of said notch and said overcoat and disengage under the driving of said drive element.
On the basis of existing technology, offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment provided by the present invention comprise be supported in two on the fixed mount equalizing bar, and and said equalizing bar embrace the act device through rope bonded assembly blower fan; Said equalizing bar is clasped the tower tube upper end of said blower fan, and is provided with the first folding parts that discharge said tower tube upper end; Said blower fan is embraced the act device and is clasped the tower tube lower end of said blower fan, and is provided with the second folding parts that discharge said tower tube lower end; Said hoisting crane is provided with the chassis that is supported on the said installation ship, and said chassis and said blower fan are embraced to lift and detachably be hinged with follow-up mechanism rotatable and that can lock and can stretch vertically and can lock between the device.Particularly, this follow-up mechanism can comprise realization rotation and the universal-joint parts of locking, reach the telescopic boom parts that realization is stretched and locked vertically.
When blower fan being carried out the flexibility lifting; Hoisting crane on the ship is installed through hoist cable lifting equalizing bar, is lifted device and be connected, thereby blower fan is embraced the act device and sling because equalizing bar is embraced through rope and blower fan; Because embracing, blower fan lifts the tower tube lower end that device is clasped blower fan simultaneously; Equalizing bar is helped the tower tube upper end of blower fan, thereby blower fan integral body sling, and then this blower fan flexibility is lifted near the blower fan deck.In this technical scheme, said hoist cable can be located at respectively on the roof of both sides of equalizing bar, and said rope can be located at respectively on the diapire of both sides of equalizing bar.When this blower fan is transformed to the rigidity lifting by the flexibility lifting; The chassis and the blower fan that follow-up mechanism are connected in hoisting crane are embraced between the act device; Rotating function through the universal-joint parts is adjusted to the tram with the blower fan enclasp device; Lock this universal-joint parts then, this blower fan was embraced and was lifted the relative follow-up mechanism of device and can not produce and horizontally rotate this moment.Because the telescopic boom parts of follow-up mechanism can be embraced with blower fan and lift the device motion and scalable vertically; This follow-up mechanism can be adjusted and its pivotally attached chassis or blower fan are embraced the angle of lifting between the device voluntarily simultaneously; Thereby when this hanging device of crane loading and blower fan moved, follow-up mechanism can correspondingly rotate and stretch; When the tower tube of blower fan move to align with the blower foundation position after; Follow-up mechanism is to its flexible locking; Make it no longer flexible, thereby make blower fan embrace to lift device and fix with respect to ship is installed, thereby realize blower fan is transformed to the purpose that rigidity lifts by the flexibility lifting with blower fan.
Hence one can see that, in said process, owing to assistance platform need be set, need not consume too many manpower, thereby can simplify the hoisting of blower fan, reduces hoisting cost.
Description of drawings
Structural representation when Fig. 1 is fixed in blower fan on the carrier for hanging device of the present invention;
Structural representation when Fig. 2 carries out the flexibility lifting for hanging device of the present invention with blower fan;
Structural representation when Fig. 3 is transformed to rigidity lifting to blower fan by the flexibility lifting for hanging device of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is that hanging device of the present invention discharges the structural representation after the blower fan lifting is accomplished;
Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged drawing at A position among Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of universal-joint parts of the follow-up mechanism of hanging device among Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of telescopic boom parts of the follow-up mechanism of hanging device among Fig. 4;
Fig. 8 is the cutaway view of telescopic boom parts among Fig. 7.
Wherein, the corresponding relation between Reference numeral and the component names is among Fig. 1 to Fig. 8:
1 installs ship;
2 hoisting cranes; 21 chassis;
3 carriers; 31 fixed mounts;
4 blower fans; 41 tower tubes;
5 equalizing bars; 51 first folding parts; 52 ropes; 53 circle ring parts; 54 help parts; 541 outer sleeve bodies; Body in 542; 543 elastomeric elements; 544 arcs; 55 hoist cables;
6 blower fans are embraced the act device; 61 second folding parts; 62 hanging basket overcoats; 63 hanging baskets; 64 hoist cylinders;
7 universal-joint parts;
711 first segment spares; 712 second joint parts;
72 first connecting portions;
73 guide frames; 731 second pin ears;
741 first chucks; 741a first gear teeth; 742 second chucks; 742a second gear teeth;
75 balladeur trains;
76 power parts;
771 first connecting elements;
772 second connecting elements;
8 telescopic boom parts;
81 overcoats;
Cover in 82; 821 first baffle plates; 821a first inclined-plane; 822 second baffles; 823 notches; 824 risers; 825 transverse slats;
83 drive elements;
84 friction shoes; 841 second inclined-planes;
85 rocking bars;
86 slide bars;
87 spacing guide plates.
The specific embodiment
Core of the present invention is for providing a kind of offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment, and the structure design of this hanging device does not need the support of accessory equipment, can make separately that just the blower fan flexibility lifts the blower foundation position, thereby can significantly reduce hoisting cost.
In order to make those skilled in the art understand technical scheme of the present invention better, the present invention is done further detailed description below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment.
Please refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the structural representation when Fig. 1 is fixed in blower fan on the carrier for hanging device of the present invention; Structural representation when Fig. 2 carries out the flexibility lifting for hanging device of the present invention with blower fan.
In one embodiment; Offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment provided by the present invention; As depicted in figs. 1 and 2; Be used for through install hoisting crane 2 on the ship 1 with 4 integral hoistings of the blower fan on the carrier 3 in blower foundation, carrier 3 is provided with fixed mount 31, blower fan 4 is located between two adjacent fixed mounts 31; Offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment comprise be supported in two on the fixed mount 31 equalizing bar 5, and with equalizing bar 5 through rope 52 bonded assembly blower fans embrace the act device 6; Equalizing bar 5 is clasped tower tube 41 upper ends of blower fan 4, and is provided with the first folding parts 51 that discharge tower tube 41 upper ends; Blower fan is embraced act device 6 and is clasped tower tube 41 lower ends of blower fan 4, and is provided with the second folding parts 61 that discharge tower tube 41 lower ends; Hoisting crane 2 is provided with and is supported in the chassis 21 of installing on the ship 1, and chassis 21 and blower fan are embraced to lift and detachably be hinged with follow-up mechanism rotatable and that can lock and can stretch vertically and can lock between the device 6.Particularly, this follow-up mechanism can comprise realization rotation and the universal-joint parts 7 of locking, reach the telescopic boom parts 8 that realization is stretched and locked vertically.
Need to prove that the present invention does not limit for the structure of follow-up mechanism, any structure, as long as can realize function rotatable and that can lock and can stretch vertically and can lock, just all should be within protection scope of the present invention.
When blower fan 4 being carried out the flexibility lifting; Hoisting crane 2 on the ship 1 is installed through hoist cable 55 lifting equalizing bars 5, is lifted device 6 and is connected, thereby blower fan is embraced act device 6 quilts and sling because equalizing bar 5 is embraced through rope 52 and blower fan; Because embracing, blower fan lifts tower tube 41 lower ends that device 6 is clasped blower fan 4 simultaneously; Equalizing bar 5 is helped tower tube 41 upper ends of blower fans 4, thereby blower fan 4 integral body are sling, and then these blower fan 4 flexibilities is lifted the blower foundation position.In this technical scheme, hoist cable 55 can be located at respectively on the roof of both sides of equalizing bar 5, and rope 52 can be located at respectively on the diapire of both sides of equalizing bar 5.
When this blower fan 4 is transformed to the rigidity lifting by the flexibility lifting; The chassis 21 and the blower fan that follow-up mechanism are connected in hoisting crane 2 are embraced between the act device 6; Rotating function through universal-joint parts 7 is adjusted to the tram with blower fan enclasp device 6; Lock this universal-joint parts 7 then, this blower fan was embraced and was lifted device 6 relative follow-up mechanisms and can not produce and horizontally rotate this moment.Because the telescopic boom parts 8 of follow-up mechanism can be embraced with blower fan and lift device 6 motions and scalable vertically; This follow-up mechanism can be adjusted and its pivotally attached chassis 21 or blower fan are embraced the angle of lifting between the device 6 voluntarily simultaneously; Thereby when this hanging device of crane loading and blower fan 4 moved, follow-up mechanism can correspondingly rotate and stretch; When the tower tube of blower fan 4 move to align with the blower foundation position after; Follow-up mechanism is to its flexible locking; Make it no longer flexible, thereby it is fixing with respect to ship 1 is installed with blower fan 4 to make blower fan embrace act device 6, thereby realizes blower fan 4 is lifted the purpose that is transformed to the rigidity lifting by flexibility.
Hence one can see that, in said process, owing to assistance platform need be set, need not consume too many manpower, thereby can simplify the hoisting of blower fan 4, reduces hoisting cost.
In technique scheme, can make concrete design to the structure of equalizing bar 5, particularly, please refer to Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the structural representation when Fig. 3 is transformed to rigidity lifting to blower fan by the flexibility lifting for hanging device of the present invention; Fig. 4 is that hanging device of the present invention discharges the structural representation after the blower fan lifting is accomplished; Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged drawing at A position among Fig. 4.
Particularly, like Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 4, the two end supports of equalizing bar 5 is on two fixed mounts 31, and the middle part of this equalizing bar 5 is provided with circle ring part 53, and circle ring part 53 is clasped tower tube 41 upper ends, and the first folding parts 51 are located on the circle ring part 53.The said structure design can be convenient to equalizing bar 5 on the one hand and be supported on the fixed mount 31, also is convenient to equalizing bar 5 on the other hand and clasps tower tube 41 upper ends.
Further, as shown in Figure 4, the first folding parts 51 comprise two arc parts, and these two arc parts are articulated in the two ends of the opening of circle ring part 53 respectively, open so that the two can be closed with separating relatively.Particularly, these two arc parts can be driven by telescopic oil cylinder and open or close.
In addition, as shown in Figure 5, the inside of circle ring part 53 is provided with the support parts 54 of a plurality of support tower tubes 41 upper ends; The outer sleeve body of helping parts 54 to comprise to be connected on the circle ring part 53 541, slide be located in outer sleeve body 541 in-to-ins body 542 and with interior body 542 through elastomeric element 543 bonded assembly arcs 544.Particularly, can be provided with telescopic oil cylinder between outer sleeve body 541 and the interior body 542, through the slip between body 542 and the outer sleeve body 541 in the flexible realization of this telescopic oil cylinder.
As shown in Figure 5, the inner of interior body 542 is connected with arc 544 through elastomeric element 543, and the profile of this arc 544 is consistent with the exterior contour of tower tube 41 upper ends; On this basis, along with interior body 542 stretches out from outer sleeve body 541, arc 544 is attached on the outer circumference surface of tower tube 41 upper ends, because it is a plurality of to help parts 54 to have, thereby can comparatively firmly blower fan 4 be clasped in the inside of circle ring part 53.In addition, owing to be provided with elastomeric element 543 between interior body 542 and the arc 544, thereby can cushion between arc 544 and the blower fan 4 because the bump that wave jolts and causes avoids helping parts 54 and tower tube 41 to sustain damage owing to clashing into.
On the basis of technique scheme, can also embrace act device 6 to blower fan and make concrete design.Particularly, as shown in Figure 4, blower fan is embraced act device 6 and is comprised hanging basket overcoat 62 and the in-to-in hanging basket 63 that can slide vertically and be located at hanging basket overcoat 62; Equalizing bar 5 is connected with hanging basket overcoat 62 through rope 52; Tower tube 41 lower ends are clasped in the inside of hanging basket 63, and the second folding parts 61 are located on the hanging basket 63.And, further be provided with hoist cylinder 64 between hanging basket overcoat 62 and the hanging basket 63.
In technique scheme; After the rigidity lifting that realizes blower fan 4 through follow-up mechanism, make tower tube 41 realize rotating through the rotating mechanism on the hanging basket 63, thereby make bolt hole and the bolt hole on the blower foundation on tower tube 41 lower flange align; Then under the effect of hoist cylinder 64; Make hanging basket 63 with respect to hanging basket overcoat 62 to lower slider, until making tower tube 41 be supported on the blower foundation, pass the bolt hole that aligns through bolt again and realize connecting at last.
In addition, in above-mentioned any technical scheme, can also make concrete design to the structure of follow-up mechanism; Particularly, please refer to Fig. 6, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, Fig. 6 is the structural representation of universal-joint parts of the follow-up mechanism of hanging device among Fig. 4; Fig. 7 is the structural representation of telescopic boom parts of the follow-up mechanism of hanging device among Fig. 4; Fig. 8 is the cutaway view of telescopic boom parts among Fig. 7.
Particularly, follow-up mechanism comprises interconnective universal-joint parts 7 and telescopic boom parts 8; In universal-joint parts 7 and the telescopic boom parts 8 one are articulated on the chassis 21, and another person is articulated in blower fan and embraces on the act device 6.
Particularly, can specifically design universal-joint parts 7.As shown in Figure 6; Universal-joint parts 7 provided by the present invention comprise the interconnective first segment spare 711 and the second joint part 712; For being hinged, the first segment spare 711 and the second joint part can along the circumferential direction rotate, and adapt to the angle of connected otic placode between the first segment spare 711 and the second joint part; First segment spare 711 is connected with first connecting portion, 72, the second joint parts 712 and is connected with guide frame 73.
On the basis of said structure, as shown in Figure 6, first connecting portion 72 is connected with first chuck 741, and this first chuck 741 is placed in the circumference outside of first segment spare 711; The circumference outer cover of guide frame 73 is equipped with balladeur train 75, and this balladeur train 75 can along guide frame 73 endwisely slip and slidably outside to the circumference of the second joint part 712; On this basis, it is outside and removably connect with first chuck 741 that balladeur train 75 can further slide into the circumference of connection location of the first segment spare 711 and the second joint part 712.
During work; When needs are connected with other otic placodes; Rotate the relative angle of the first segment spare 711 and the second joint part 712, thereby the otic placode that is connected with this first segment spare 11 or the second joint part adapts to, and then can avoid the coupled otic placode distortion that connects to cause the problem that to install; When these universal-joint parts 7 of needs are realized being rigidly connected; This balladeur train 75 slides to the direction near first chuck 741 on guide frame 73 vertically; Make balladeur train 75 be located at the circumference outside of the connection location of the first segment spare 711 and the second joint part 712; And then first chuck 741 and balladeur train 75 coupled together, thereby realize being rigidly connected.When these universal-joint parts 77 of needs are realized flexibly connecting; Being connected between first chuck 741 and the balladeur train 75 taken apart; Make balladeur train 75 on guide frame 73, slide to direction vertically then away from first chuck 741; Make the point of connection of the first segment spare 711 and the second joint part 712 expose, thereby realize flexibly connecting.
To sum up, universal-joint parts 7 provided by the present invention can be as required be rigidly connected and flexibly connect between change, and the problem that can't install that can avoid the otic placode deflection to cause, thus practiced thrift cost, improved work efficiency.
In the above-described embodiments, need to prove that the present invention does not limit for the structure that removably connects between first chuck 741 and the balladeur train 75, any detouchable connection structure all should be within protection domain of the present invention; In addition, the present invention does not limit the structure with first connecting portion 72, and this first connecting portion 72 can be the pin ear, can also be the connection structure of other types; And can relatively rotate between the first segment spare 711 and the second joint part, can realize being rotationally connected through bearing pin between the two, can also be the connection rotational structure of other types.
Particularly, in the above-described embodiments, can make further improvement.Such as, as shown in Figure 6, it is outside that balladeur train 75 is provided with can slide the vertically circumference that is placed in the second joint part 712 of second chuck, 742, the second chucks 742 near an end of first chuck 741, and balladeur train 75 removably connects through second chuck 742 and first chuck 741.Through welding or other connection modes, second chuck 742 is connected on the balladeur train 75, with respect on balladeur train 75 directly processing take turns the technology of toothing, this kind structure design can be so that process the gear teeth on second chuck 742, and reduced difficulty of processing.
In the above-described embodiments, can also make concrete design to the structure that removably connects between first chuck 741 and second chuck 742.Such as, as shown in Figure 6, first chuck 741 is provided with first gear teeth 741a, second chuck 742 be provided with can with first gear teeth 741a ingear, second gear teeth 742a.Along with second chuck 742 to the motion of first chuck 741 near; Second gear teeth 742a and first gear teeth 741a engagement; Thereby realized being connected between first chuck 741 and second chuck 742 easily; And this kind structure can limit the relative position between first chuck 741 and second chuck 742 in the axial direction, can on circumferentially, limit the relative position between first chuck 741 and second chuck 742 again.In addition, along with second chuck 742 breaks away from away from first chuck, 741, the second gear teeth 742a and first gear teeth 741a, thereby taken apart being connected between win chuck 741 and second chuck 742.
In above-mentioned any technical scheme, can also make further improvement.Such as; As shown in Figure 6, also be provided with power part 76 between guide frame 73 and the balladeur train 75, this power part 76 drives balladeur train 75 and endwisely slips in guide frame 73 upper edges; Thereby be first chuck 741 with second chuck 742 between realize being connected or taking the condition created apart, have higher mechanization level.
Further, this drive element can be oil cylinder or cylinder; As shown in Figure 6, the cylinder barrel of this oil cylinder or cylinder can be connected on the guide frame 73, and the piston rod of this oil cylinder or cylinder is connected on the balladeur train 75, along with stretching of oil cylinder or cylinder, makes balladeur train 75 endwisely slip in guide frame 73 upper edges easily.
In addition, as shown in Figure 6, in above-mentioned any embodiment, first connecting portion 72 can be the first pin ear, thereby realizes pin joint with corresponding parts; Simultaneously, as shown in Figure 6, guide frame 73 can be connected with the second pin ear 731 away from an end of the second joint part 712, thereby realizes pin joint with corresponding parts.
Need to prove, in the present invention, as shown in Figure 6; The axial connecting line of the pin-and-hole of two first pin ears need be parallel with the axial connecting line of pin-and-hole of two second pin ears 731; But because processing or assembly error, there is micro-deviation in two axial connecting lines and not parallel sometimes; But, in the present invention,, thereby when first gear teeth 741a and second gear teeth 742a engagement, can above-mentioned micro-deviation just be turned round because first chuck 741 is coaxial with second chuck 742, make that finally two axial connecting lines are parallel.
Moreover, in above-mentioned any embodiment, can also make further improvement.Please refer to Fig. 6, the quantity of universal-joint parts 7 can be two, and the two includes interconnective first segment spare 711 and second joint part 712, two first segment spares 711 and all is connected with 72, two second joints of first connecting portion part 712 and all is connected with guide frame 73; Can pass through first connecting element, 771 captive joints between two guide frames 73.
On the basis of said structure, the circumference outside of two guide frames 73 is equipped with balladeur train 75, and can pass through second connecting element, 772 captive joints between two balladeur trains 75.
In addition, can also be to telescopic boom parts 8 be specifically designed.Like Fig. 7 and shown in Figure 8, cover 82 reaches and slidably is located at its exterior overcoat 81 in comprising; On this basis; As shown in Figure 8; Offer notch 823 on the wall of interior cover 82, the inside of interior cover 82 is provided with drive element 83 and reaches and drive element 83 bonded assembly friction shoes 84, and friction shoe 84 can pass the inwall crimping of notch 823 and overcoat 81 and disengage under the driving of drive element 83.
During work, under the driving of drive element 83, friction shoe 84 disengages with the inwall of overcoat 81, thereby this overcoat 81 can slide along cover in this 82, thus the length of regulating these telescopic boom parts 88.When needs are fixed the length of these telescopic boom parts 88; Under the driving of this drive element 83; Friction shoe 84 passes the inwall crimping of notch 823 and overcoat 81, thereby between the inwall of friction shoe 84 and overcoat 81, produces friction force, passes this function of friction; Make overcoat 81 overlap slip on 82 in stopping at, overcoat 81 becomes a rigid unitary with interior cover 82.In the present invention; Under the crimping effect of drive element 83; Friction force between the inwall of friction shoe 84 and overcoat 81 is bigger, even when telescopic boom parts 8 receive bigger tensile load or pressure load, the relative position between the inwall of friction shoe 84 and overcoat 81 is also fixing; The two is difficult to take place slide relative, thereby can very accurately control the length dimension of telescopic boom parts 8.In addition, parts such as cover 82, overcoat 81, drive element 83 and friction shoe 84 in the present invention includes, with respect to sleeve type telescopic arm structure of the prior art, its structure obviously is able to simplify, and then has reduced productive costs.
To sum up, telescopic boom parts 8 provided by the present invention can very accurately be controlled the length of telescopic boom, and can simplify its structure, reduce its productive costs.
Further, in the above-described embodiments, can make further improvement.Such as, as shown in Figure 8, in notch 823 is opened on cover 82 the sidewall, and the both sides of notch 823 are formed with first baffle plate 821 and second baffle 822, and friction shoe 84 further is located between first baffle plate 821 and the second baffle 822.
Further, as shown in Figure 8, the inner end surface of the inner end surface of first baffle plate 821 and second baffle 822 is the first inclined-plane 821a of outward inclining, and two end faces of friction shoe 84 are second inclined-plane 841 that cooperates with the corresponding first inclined-plane 821a.Through the directional tagging between this first inclined-plane 821a and second inclined-plane 841, under the driving of drive element 83, this friction shoe 84 can relatively easily be realized crimping with the inwall of overcoat 81 and disengage.
In addition, as shown in Figure 8, the quantity of friction shoe 84 is two, all offers the notch 823 that friction shoe 84 is set on two sidewalls of interior cover 82, and drive element 83 is located between two friction shoes 84.Driving action through a drive element 83; Realize the inwall crimping of two friction shoes 84 and cooresponding overcoat 81; Thereby slide relative takes place between cover 82 and the overcoat 81 under fixing prerequisite, further preventing in the friction force in can further improving between cover 82 and the overcoat 81.
In the above-described embodiments, can also make further improvement.Such as, as shown in Figure 8, be hinged with rocking bar 85 on each friction shoe 84, drive element 83 drives the inwall crimping of friction shoe 84 and overcoat 81 through rocking bar 85 and disengages.Drive element 83 applies application force in rocking bar 85, and then applies application force in friction shoe 84 by this rocking bar 85, finally realizes the crimping between the inwall of friction shoe 84 and overcoat 81 and disengages.
Further, as shown in Figure 8, drive element 83 is connected with the slide bar 86 that under it drives, can do reciprocating linear motion, and slide bar 86 is located between two friction shoes 84; Slide bar 86 drives the inwall crimping of friction shoe 84 and overcoat 81 through rocking bar 85 and disengages.Drive element 83 applies application force in slide bar 86, and then applies application force in rocking bar 85 by this slide bar 86, applies application force in friction shoe 84 by rocking bar 85 again, finally realizes the crimping between the inwall of friction shoe 84 and overcoat 81 and disengages.
Need to prove that as shown in Figure 8 in said structure, at the either side of the both sides of slide bar 86, rocking bar 85 1 ends and friction shoe 84 are hinged, the other end and slide bar 86 are hinged; Drive element 83 is further hinged with slide bar 86.Along with slide bar 86 is reciprocating along straight line, rocking bar 85 rotates, simultaneously rocking bar 85 force transmission that slip is applied to friction shoe 84, and then the crimping between the inwall of friction shoe 84 and overcoat 81 and disengaging.
Further, act on pressure and tension uniform on the friction shoe 84 in order to improve rocking bar 85, make friction shoe 84 relatively easily between first baffle plate 821 and second baffle 822, to move, at the either side of slide bar 86, the quantity of rocking bar 85 can be two.
In addition, as shown in Figure 8, the both sides of slide bar 86 are respectively equipped with a spacing guide plate 87, and this spacing guide plate 87 is located between two rocking bars 85 of homonymy; The height of spacing guide plate 87 is higher than the height of rocking bar 85.In this kind structure, it is reciprocating along straight line in the gap of the two that two spacing guide plates 87 limit slide bar 86 on the one hand; On the other hand because the height of spacing guide plate 87 is higher than the height of rocking bar 85; Thereby can play restriction to the rotation of rocking bar 85; As shown in Figure 8; Friction shoe 84 with the situation of the inwall crimping of overcoat 81 under, this spacing guide plate 87 can stop that rocking bar 85 further rotates and then stops the further moving linearly that slides, and disengages thereby prevent between the inwall of friction shoe 84 and overcoat 81 to be become by crimping.
Moreover, in above-mentioned any embodiment, can also make further design.Such as, as shown in Figure 8, the diapire of interior cover 82 is provided with two risers 824, is provided with transverse slat 825 between these two risers 824, and drive element 83 further is connected on the transverse slat 825.This kind structure design has been realized captiveing joint between drive element 83 and the interior cover 82 comparatively easily.
At last; Need to prove; The present invention does not limit for the type of drive element 83, and every slide bar 86 that can make can be done straight reciprocating motion, no matter is oil cylinder or cylinder; Or rack-and-gear drive mechanism, leading screw and nut mechanism or other drive configurations all should be within protection scope of the present invention.
More than offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment provided by the present invention has been carried out detailed introduction.Used concrete example among this paper principle of the present invention and embodiment are set forth, the explanation of above embodiment just is used for helping to understand method of the present invention and core concept thereof.Should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the principle of the invention, can also carry out some improvement and modification to the present invention, these improvement and modification also fall in the protection domain of claim of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment; Be used for through install hoisting crane (2) on the ship (1) with blower fan (4) integral hoisting on the carrier (3) in blower foundation; Said carrier (3) is provided with fixed mount (31), and said blower fan (4) is located between adjacent two fixed mounts (31); It is characterized in that,
Said offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment comprises the equalizing bar (5) that is supported on two fixed mounts (31), and embraces act device (6) with said equalizing bar (5) through rope (52) bonded assembly blower fan; Said equalizing bar (5) is helped tower tube (41) upper end of said blower fan (4), and is provided with the first folding parts (51) that discharge said tower tube (41) upper end; Said blower fan is embraced act device (6) and is clasped tower tube (41) lower end of said blower fan (4), and is provided with the second folding parts (61) that discharge said tower tube (41) lower end;
Said hoisting crane is provided with the chassis (21) that is supported on the said installation ship (1), and said chassis (21) and said blower fan are embraced to lift and detachably be hinged with follow-up mechanism rotatable and that can lock and can stretch vertically and can lock between the device (6).
2. offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that; The middle part of said equalizing bar (5) is provided with circle ring part (53), and said circle ring part (53) is helped said tower tube (41) upper end, and the said first folding parts (51) are located on the said circle ring part (53).
3. offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment as claimed in claim 2; It is characterized in that; The said first folding parts (51) comprise two arc parts, and these two arc parts are articulated in the two ends of the opening of said circle ring part (53) respectively, open so that the two can be closed with separating relatively.
4. like claim 2 or 3 described offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment, it is characterized in that the inside of said circle ring part (53) is provided with the support parts (54) of the said tower tubes of a plurality of supports (41) upper end;
Said support parts (54) comprise the outer sleeve body (541) that is connected on the said circle ring part (53), slide be located in said outer sleeve body (541) in-to-in body (542) and with said in body through elastomeric element (543) bonded assembly arc (544).
5. like each described offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment of claim 1 to 3, it is characterized in that said blower fan is embraced and lifted the in-to-in hanging basket (63) that device (6) comprises hanging basket overcoat (62) and can slide vertically and be located at said hanging basket overcoat (62);
Said equalizing bar (5) is connected with said hanging basket overcoat (62) through said rope (52); Said tower tube (41) lower end is clasped in the inside of said hanging basket (63), and the said second folding parts (61) are located on the said hanging basket.
6. offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, further is provided with hoist cylinder (64) between said hanging basket overcoat (62) and the said hanging basket (63).
7. like each described offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment of claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that said follow-up mechanism comprises interconnective universal-joint parts (7) and telescopic boom parts (8); In said universal-joint parts (7) and the said telescopic boom parts (8) one are articulated on the said chassis (21), and another person is articulated in said blower fan and embraces on the act device (6).
8. offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment as claimed in claim 7; It is characterized in that; Said universal-joint parts comprise the interconnective first segment spare (711) and the second joint part (712); Said first segment spare (711) is connected with first connecting portion (72), and the said second joint part (712) is connected with guide frame (73);
Said first connecting portion (72) is connected with exterior first chuck of the circumference that is placed in said first segment spare (711) (741); The circumference outer cover of said guide frame (73) is equipped with to endwisely slip along it also can be located at the exterior balladeur train of circumference (75) of the said second joint part (712), and said balladeur train (75) can be located at said first segment spare (711) and removably connect with the circumference outside of the connection location of the said second joint part (712) and with said first chuck (741).
9. the connecting device of universal joint as claimed in claim 8; It is characterized in that; Said balladeur train (75) is provided with second chuck (742) near an end of said first chuck (741); The circumference outside that said second chuck (742) can slide vertically and be placed in the said second joint part (712), said balladeur train (75) removably connects through said second chuck (742) and said first chuck (741).
10. offshore wind turbine integral hoisting equipment as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that, said telescopic boom parts comprise interior cover (82) and slidably are located at its exterior overcoat (81); Offer notch (823) on the wall of cover (82) in said; The inside of overlapping (82) in said is provided with drive element (83) and reaches and said drive element (83) bonded assembly friction shoe (84), and said friction shoe (84) can pass the inwall crimping of said notch (823) and said overcoat (81) and disengage under the driving of said drive element (83).
CN201110287054.7A 2011-09-23 2011-09-23 Integral hoisting equipment for offshore wind turbine Expired - Fee Related CN102502422B (en)

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CN105366567A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-03-02 国网浙江省电力公司绍兴供电公司 Intelligent assisting platform for dismounting and mounting of GIS (Gas Insulated Substation)
CN106044585A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-10-26 华南理工大学 Offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device with multi-degree of freedom compensation
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CN108862050A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-23 江苏金风科技有限公司 More changing device
CN108975243A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-12-11 天津挚迈绿能科技有限公司 A kind of wind-driven generator overturning hanging method and turnover device
CN111056455A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-24 徐州德慧企业管理有限公司 Concrete pouring positioning equipment for iron tower base of communication base station
CN115504391A (en) * 2022-11-23 2022-12-23 石家庄信息工程职业学院 Electromechanical device hoisting device
US11577938B2 (en) 2018-06-14 2023-02-14 Heerema Marine Contractors Nederland Se Split crane for installation of wind turbines and other tall structures
WO2023242427A2 (en) 2022-06-17 2023-12-21 Itrec B.V. Crane and method for the assembly and installation of offshore wind turbines
NL2032212B1 (en) 2022-06-17 2024-01-05 Itrec Bv Crane and method for the assembly and installation of offshore wind turbines

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106044585A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-10-26 华南理工大学 Offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device with multi-degree of freedom compensation
CN105347206B (en) * 2015-12-04 2017-08-11 国网浙江省电力公司绍兴供电公司 The intelligent assistance platform of GIS dismounting
CN105366567A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-03-02 国网浙江省电力公司绍兴供电公司 Intelligent assisting platform for dismounting and mounting of GIS (Gas Insulated Substation)
CN105347206A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-02-24 国网浙江省电力公司绍兴供电公司 Intelligent assisting platform for gas insulated substation (GIS) dismounting
CN106865425B (en) * 2017-04-14 2018-06-29 中交一航局第二工程有限公司 Hanging component mobile device and the offshore wind farm unit hoisting using the device
CN106865425A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-06-20 中交航局第二工程有限公司 Hanging component mobile device and the offshore wind farm unit hoisting using the device
CN107878685A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-04-06 上海凌耀船舶工程有限公司 The folding and unfolding of underwater test equipment and bogey
CN108975243A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-12-11 天津挚迈绿能科技有限公司 A kind of wind-driven generator overturning hanging method and turnover device
US11577938B2 (en) 2018-06-14 2023-02-14 Heerema Marine Contractors Nederland Se Split crane for installation of wind turbines and other tall structures
CN108862050A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-23 江苏金风科技有限公司 More changing device
CN111056455A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-24 徐州德慧企业管理有限公司 Concrete pouring positioning equipment for iron tower base of communication base station
WO2023242427A2 (en) 2022-06-17 2023-12-21 Itrec B.V. Crane and method for the assembly and installation of offshore wind turbines
NL2032212B1 (en) 2022-06-17 2024-01-05 Itrec Bv Crane and method for the assembly and installation of offshore wind turbines
CN115504391A (en) * 2022-11-23 2022-12-23 石家庄信息工程职业学院 Electromechanical device hoisting device
CN115504391B (en) * 2022-11-23 2023-03-10 石家庄信息工程职业学院 Electromechanical device hoisting device

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