CN106044585A - Offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device with multi-degree of freedom compensation - Google Patents

Offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device with multi-degree of freedom compensation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106044585A
CN106044585A CN201610576282.9A CN201610576282A CN106044585A CN 106044585 A CN106044585 A CN 106044585A CN 201610576282 A CN201610576282 A CN 201610576282A CN 106044585 A CN106044585 A CN 106044585A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wind turbine
suspension bracket
equalizer bar
scalable arm
hull
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CN201610576282.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106044585B (en
Inventor
陈远明
胡金鹏
梁富琳
陈超核
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华南理工大学
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Priority to CN2015107537407 priority Critical
Priority to CN201510753740.7A priority patent/CN105293306A/en
Application filed by 华南理工大学 filed Critical 华南理工大学
Publication of CN106044585A publication Critical patent/CN106044585A/en
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Publication of CN106044585B publication Critical patent/CN106044585B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/18Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes
    • B66C23/36Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes mounted on road or rail vehicles; Manually-movable jib-cranes for use in workshops; Floating cranes
    • B66C23/52Floating cranes
    • B66C23/53Floating cranes including counterweight or means to compensate for list, trim, or skew of the vessel or platform
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/62Constructional features or details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C2700/00Cranes
    • B66C2700/03Cranes with arms or jibs; Multiple cranes

Abstract

The invention discloses an offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device with multi-degree of freedom compensation. The device comprises a ship body, a hanging bracket platform, an upper suspension centre motion compensation system, a hoisting load dynamic matching system, a lower wind turbine positioning centring system and a hoisting system, wherein a hanging bracket is mounted above the hanging bracket platform; the upper suspension centre motion compensation system is mounted on the hanging bracket of the ship body and comprises telescopic lazy arms, horizontal compensation hydraulic cylinders, vertical compensation hydraulic cylinders and related connecting parts; the hoisting load dynamic matching system comprises main bearing steel cables, main bearing springs, main bearing hydraulic cylinders and pulleys; the lower draught fan positioning centring system comprises a lower equalizing beam, spring buffers, positioning guy ropes, positioning winches and pulleys; the hoisting system comprises an upper equalizing beam, lifting hooks, hoisting slings, sling support rods, pulleys and hoisting winches. The offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device can control the posture of an entire wind turbine to enable the wind turbine to generate six-degree of freedom compensation motion to compete against swing, raising and sinking of the ship so as to improve the stability of the wind turbine in stormy waves and realize accurate positioning and centring of the wind turbine and a foundation.

Description

The offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device for rapid that a kind of multiple degrees of freedom compensates

Technical field

The present invention relates to field of ocean engineering, the offshore wind turbine integral hoisting compensated particularly to a kind of multiple degrees of freedom Device.

Background technology

Wind energy, as the regenerative resource of a kind of cleaning, particularly wind energy on the sea, plays important in world's energy resource structure Effect, occupies leading position in Renewable resource, and its development and utilization is increasingly taken seriously.It is currently used for offshore wind turbine The boats and ships installed mainly have two big classes, and a class is jack up installation vessel or platform, and another kind of is floating installation ship.Jack up Installation ship or platform are little compared with floating installation ship by Lidar Equation, but it is limited by waters, the depth of water;Floating installation ship is not the most by water Deep impact, but affected big compared with jack up installation ship by stormy waves.Along with the development of wind energy turbine set, assembling is gradually to deepwater field Development, owing to jack up installation ship or platform are limited by the depth of water, and at muddy sea bed, footing is relatively hard to keep balance, now, Large-scale floating installation ship just demonstrates advantage, and it is not limited by waters, the depth of water, the transfer velocity between different blower fan positions Hurry up, maneuverability is good, mobility strong.But owing to stormy waves factor limits the range of floating installation ship, its installation exercise is necessary Just can carry out under the conditions of little stormy waves.The most how to reduce the stormy waves impact on floating installation ship, improve blower fan in installation exercise Stability become the problem that urgent solution is presently required with controllability.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide the offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device for rapid that a kind of multiple degrees of freedom compensates, improve blower fan lifting In stability and controllability, it is achieved being accurately positioned and centering of blower fan and blower foundation.

The problem to be solved in the present invention be existing floating installation vessel under the effect of stormy waves, easily produce rolling, vertical Shake and move with heave etc. so that the blower fan top to bottom, left and right, front and rear in Diao Zhuan rock indefinite, it is difficult to control, determining of this fan Position centering work brings great difficulty, the attack phenomenon of blower fan and basis usually occurs, and the lighter's damage equipment, thing occurs in severe one Therefore.The present invention jointly controls the appearance of whole blower fan by top suspension centre motion compensating system and bottom locating of fans center support system State, the motion that compensates making blower fan produce six-freedom degree contends with the waving and heave of boats and ships, thus improves blower fan in stormy waves Stability, and realize blower fan and the location of blower foundation and centering.

The technical solution used in the present invention is:

The offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device for rapid that a kind of multiple degrees of freedom compensates, including hull, raises near hull bow position and installs There are suspension bracket platform, described suspension bracket platform to be arranged above suspension bracket, also include that top suspension centre motion compensating system, sling load are dynamic Matching system, bottom locating of fans center support system, tackling system,

Described top suspension centre motion compensating system is movably arranged on the suspension bracket epimere side towards stern of described hull, including one Hold and be flexibly connected the scalable arm of suspension bracket by universal coupling, drive scalable arm free end around universal coupling up and down The fluid pressure drive device swung, is realized by upper and lower, the left-right rotation and elastic motion controlling described scalable arm Around the suspension centre of top, moving up and down compensates;

Described sling load Dynamic Matching system one end connects in the middle part of scalable arm, and the other end is walked around and is arranged on suspension bracket top It is fixed on after pulley mechanism on suspension bracket platform, in order to the stress of dynamically balanced retractable arm free end;

Described bottom locating of fans system includes the lower equalizer bar for clamping blower fan column bottom, is fixed on hull and passes through Location guy rope connects four positioning winch of corner bottom lower equalizer bar;

Described tackling system includes the upper equalizer bar by locker clamping blower fan column and rising of being fixed on suspension bracket platform Hanging winch, rising after hoist cable free end walks around the pulley mechanism being arranged on scalable arm of being entangled on lifting winch connects upper putting down Heng Liang two ends, the bottom of described upper equalizer bar connects lower equalizer bar by wirerope.

Further, described top suspension centre motion compensating system includes that two scalable arms, two scalable arms divide Tong Guo be on the left and right pillar of the spherical hinge suspension bracket that is symmetrically arranged on described hull, by controlling described scalable arm Stretching motion realize the suspension centre motion compensation along boats and ships longitudinal direction, described fluid pressure drive device includes two level compensatings Hydraulic cylinder and two vertical compensating hydraulic cylinders, described level compensating hydraulic cylinder and described scalable arm are arranged in same level On, one end of two level compensating hydraulic cylinders is connected with in the middle part of the entablature of suspension bracket by spherical hinge respectively, and the other end is respectively Hinged with two scalable arm medial surface, drive scalable arm to do by controlling the stretching motion of level compensating hydraulic cylinder The rotation of horizontal direction, it is achieved suspension centre is along the motion compensation of boats and ships horizontal direction, and described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder is arranged on described The underface of scalable arm, one end of two vertical compensating hydraulic cylinders is respectively by the left and right pillar of spherical hinge with hull suspension bracket Being connected, the other end is hinged with two scalable arm downsides respectively, is come by the stretching motion of described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder Drive scalable arm vertical direction to rotate, realize the motion compensation of suspension centre vertical direction with this.

Described sling load Dynamic Matching system includes two main carrying wireropes, two main bearing springs, two main carryings Hydraulic cylinder and two pulleys, described main carrying wirerope one end is connected with the middle and upper part of described scalable arm, and the other end is walked around and hung After the pulley at the left and right pillar top of frame, it is connected with described main liquid carrying cylinder pressure by described main bearing spring, described main carrying Hydraulic cylinder is connected with suspension bracket platform by spherical hinge again, controls described main bearing spring by main liquid carrying cylinder pressure flexible Amount of tension, thus realize the pulling force of described main carrying wirerope and the Dynamic Matching of sling load, when described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder When up top makes described scalable arm be rotated up, described sling load Dynamic Matching system can detect described vertical compensation The compressive stress of hydraulic cylinder, increases the pulling force of described main carrying wirerope at once, assists described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder to make described can stretch Contracting arm rotates rapidly upward;When described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder toward drop-down make described scalable arm rotate down time, described Sling load Dynamic Matching system detects the tension of described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder, reduces described main carrying wirerope at once Pulling force, to coordinate described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder, makes described scalable arm rotate down rapidly, and therefore both the above situation is all Considerably increase the response speed of described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder.

Further, by clamping device locked blower fan column bottom in the middle part of described lower equalizer bar, two ends then pass sequentially through Four described spring buffers, the two described location guy ropes to arranging in eight words are connected to four described location strands after walking around pulley Che Shang, the folding and unfolding being controlled each location guy rope by four positioning winch realizes blower fan and the location on basis and centering.

Further, steady blower fan column is held up by locker in the middle part of described upper equalizer bar, under described upper equalizer bar two ends Portion is connected with described lower equalizer bar by four wireropes, top, described upper equalizer bar two ends pass through suspension ring respectively with two suspension hook phases Even, each described suspension hook hoist cable some pulleys on scalable arm by described are connected to described lifting winch.

Further, also including that two centres are provided with the V-type hoist cable strut of cradle head, described hoist cable strut two ends lead to Crossing and be provided with the cradle head of hinge and be movably connected in the medial surface at scalable arm two ends, each rotation of described hoist cable strut is closed It is fitted with pulley on joint to pass sequentially through for described hoist cable, described hoist cable strut stretching with scalable arm on the vertical plane And folding, make the stretching motion of scalable arm and tackling system decouple, in the case of tackling system is failure to actuate, scalable hang The horizontal stretching motion of arm can't have influence on the height change of blower fan vertical direction.

Further, described hull uses catamaran type structure, is beneficial to increase sea-keeping and stability, the described suspension bracket of boats and ships Platform raises across ground and is arranged on catamaran type structure near hull bow position.

The present invention has the advantage that in terms of existing technologies

(1) present invention is provided with suspension centre motion compensating system on suspension bracket top, by controlling the upper and lower, left of described scalable arm Around dynamic and elastic motion of turning right realizes top suspension centre, moving up and down compensates, thus be substantially reduced stormy waves because of The element disturbance to suspension centre, makes top suspension centre keep relative stability state.

(2) present invention is provided with locating of fans system in blower fan column bottom, by controlling four described location guy ropes Folding and unfolding drives and produces the movement of horizontal plane bottom blower fan and around the rotation of vertical axis, thus add bottom blower fan controlled Property, greatly reduce " simple harmonic motion " of tradition lift-on and lift-off ship fan, and realize bottom blower fan with this and the standard of blower foundation Determine position and centering.

(3) present invention is by arranging top suspension centre motion compensating system and bottom locating of fans system, makes blower fan top and the bottom Position can be controlled, and under the synergy of two systems, and blower fan can be made to produce the motion of six-freedom degree, thus greatly Add greatly controllability and the motility of blower fan.

(4) present invention is provided with sling load Dynamic Matching system on suspension bracket, by controlling described main liquid carrying in real time The flexible pulling force realizing described main carrying wirerope of cylinder pressure and the Dynamic Matching of sling load, and described hanging down can be identified intelligently To the action of compensating hydraulic cylinder, coordinate the step of vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder by adjusting the pulling force of self, considerably increase institute State the response speed of vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder, make blower fan respond rapidly at the heave compensation of vertical direction, so that blower fan and base The problem of vertical this most critical of attack of plinth obtains the restriction of maximum.

(5) present invention is by arranging V-type hoist cable support rod mechanism, makes stretching motion and the tackling system solution of scalable arm Coupling, in the case of tackling system is failure to actuate, the horizontal stretching motion of scalable arm can't have influence on blower fan vertical direction Height change.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the schematic front view of the embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the left view schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of the embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is that the axle of the embodiment of the present invention measures intention.

Fig. 5 is embodiment of the present invention suspension bracket monolateral inner part scheme of installation.

Fig. 6 is embodiment of the present invention top suspension centre motion compensating system critical piece structural representation.

Fig. 7 is the embodiment of the present invention bottom horizontally disposed schematic diagram of locating of fans center support system.

Shown in figure it is: 1-suspension bracket;The scalable arm of 2-;3-level compensating hydraulic cylinder;The vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder of 4-;5-master Carrying wirerope;The main bearing spring of 6-;7-main liquid carrying cylinder pressure;8-pulley;Equalizer bar under 9-;10-spring buffer;11-positions Guy rope;12-positioning winch;13-blower fan;The upper equalizer bar of 14-;15-suspension hook;16-plays hoist cable;17-hoist cable strut;18-lifts by crane strand Car;19-spherical hinge;20-column;21-entablature;22-suspension bracket platform;23-wirerope;24-hull.

Detailed description of the invention

Being described in further detail the goal of the invention of the present invention with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, embodiment can not Repeat one by one at this, but the most therefore embodiments of the present invention are defined in following example.

As shown in Figures 1 to 4, the offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device for rapid that a kind of multiple degrees of freedom compensates, including hull 24, close Hull 24 bow position raises and is provided with suspension bracket platform 22, and described suspension bracket platform 22 is arranged above suspension bracket 1, and described hull 24 is adopted By catamaran type structure, described suspension bracket platform 22 raises across ground and is arranged on catamaran type structure near hull bow position, also Including top suspension centre motion compensating system, sling load Dynamic Matching system, bottom locating of fans center support system, tackling system,

Described top suspension centre motion compensating system is movably arranged on suspension bracket 1 epimere side towards stern of described hull, including One end is flexibly connected the scalable arm 2 of suspension bracket 1 by universal coupling, is driven scalable arm 2 free end on universal coupling Under the fluid pressure drive device that swings;

Described sling load Dynamic Matching system one end connects in the middle part of scalable arm 2, and the other end is walked around and is arranged on suspension bracket 1 top Pulley mechanism after be fixed on suspension bracket platform 22, in order to the stress of dynamically balanced retractable arm 2 free end;

Described bottom locating of fans system includes the lower equalizer bar 9 for clamping blower fan column bottom, is fixed at hull 24 And connect four positioning winch 12 of corner bottom lower equalizer bar 9 by location guy rope 11;

Described tackling system includes the upper equalizer bar 14 by locker clamping blower fan column and is fixed on suspension bracket platform 22 Lifting winch 18, be entangled in lifting winch 18 on rise hoist cable 16 free end walk around the turbine being arranged on scalable arm 2 Connecting upper equalizer bar 14 two ends after structure, the bottom of described upper equalizer bar 14 connects lower equalizer bar 9 by wirerope 23.

Specifically, as shown in Figures 4 to 6, described top suspension centre motion compensating system includes two scalable arms 2, two On the left and right pillar 20 of the suspension bracket 1 that individual scalable arm 2 is symmetrically arranged on described hull by spherical hinge 19 respectively, logical Crossing the stretching motion controlling described scalable arm 2 to realize the suspension centre motion compensation along boats and ships longitudinal direction, described hydraulic pressure drives Dynamic device includes two level compensating hydraulic cylinders 3 and two vertical compensating hydraulic cylinders 4, described level compensating hydraulic cylinder 3 and described Scalable arm 2 is arranged in same level, and one end of two level compensating hydraulic cylinders 3 is respectively by spherical hinge 19 and suspension bracket Being connected in the middle part of the entablature 21 of 1, the other end is hinged with two scalable arm 2 medial surface respectively, by controlling level compensating The stretching motion of hydraulic cylinder drives scalable arm to do the rotation of horizontal direction, it is achieved suspension centre moves along boats and ships horizontal direction Compensating, described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4 is arranged on the underface of described scalable arm 2, the one of two vertical compensating hydraulic cylinders 4 End is connected with the left and right pillar 20 of hull suspension bracket 1 by spherical hinge respectively, the other end respectively with two scalable arm 2 downsides Hinged, drive scalable arm vertical direction to rotate by the stretching motion of described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder, realize hanging with this The motion compensation of some vertical direction.All things considered, described suspension centre motion compensating system is by controlling the upper of described scalable arm 2 Under, left-right rotation and elastic motion realize top suspension centre around, moving up and down compensates, thus reduces stormy waves The factor disturbance to suspension centre, makes top suspension centre remain metastable state.

Specifically, as it is shown in figure 5, described sling load Dynamic Matching system includes that 5, two masters of two main carrying wireropes hold Carry in the main liquid carrying cylinder pressure 7 of 6, two, spring and two pulleys 8, described main carrying wirerope 5 one end and described scalable arm 2 Top connects, after the other end walks around the pulley 8 at left and right pillar 20 top of suspension bracket 1, by described main bearing spring 6 and described master Liquid carrying cylinder pressure 7 is connected, and described main liquid carrying cylinder pressure 7 is connected with suspension bracket platform 22 by spherical hinge 19 again, by controlling in real time The flexible pulling force realizing described main carrying wirerope 5 of described main liquid carrying cylinder pressure 7 and the Dynamic Matching of sling load, thus Limits reduces the stress of described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4, therefore substantially increases the response speed of vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4, Blower fan is made to respond rapidly at the heave compensation of vertical direction, so that this key issue of vertical attack on blower fan and basis obtains Maximum restriction.

In the present embodiment, by detecting the stress feedback control as main liquid carrying cylinder pressure 7 of vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4 in real time Signal processed.Its operation principle is: when vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4 pressurized, and main liquid carrying cylinder pressure 7 back contracts and stretches main carrying bullet Spring 6, makes main carrying wirerope 5 increase pulling force, shares the bearing capacity of vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4 with this so that it is pressure diminishes; When vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4 tension, main liquid carrying cylinder pressure 7 extends forward, reduces the amount of tension of main bearing spring 6, and makes main The pulling force of carrying wirerope 5 diminishes, and discharges the pulling force of vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4 with this so that it is suffered pulling force diminishes.Rephrase the statement Be exactly, when described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4 up push up make described scalable arm 2 be rotated up time, described sling load is dynamic Matching system can detect the compressive stress of described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4, assists described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4 the most past at once Pull-up, makes described scalable arm 2 be rotated up;When described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4 toward drop-down make described scalable arm 2 to During lower rotation, described sling load Dynamic Matching system detects the tension of described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4, reduces certainly at once The pulling force of body, to coordinate described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4, makes described scalable arm 2 rotate down rapidly, therefore two kinds of situations All considerably increase the response speed of described vertical compensating hydraulic cylinder 4.

Specifically, as it is shown in fig. 7, by clamping device locked blower fan column bottom in the middle part of described lower equalizer bar 9, two ends are then Pass sequentially through after the described location guy rope 11 arranged in eight words is walked around pulley 8 by four described spring buffers 10, two and be connected to In four described positioning winch 12, drive generation horizontal plane bottom blower fan by controlling the folding and unfolding of four described location guy ropes 11 Movement and around the rotation of vertical axis, thus add the controllability bottom blower fan, greatly reduce tradition lift-on and lift-off ship fan " simple harmonic motion ", and realize bottom blower fan with this and being accurately positioned and centering of blower foundation.

In the present embodiment, by tightening up the described location guy rope 11 on wherein two diagonal, blower fan can be made around vertical axis Do the rotation in certain direction, and tighten up the described location guy rope 11 on other two diagonal, then can produce rightabout turn Dynamic;When needing translation, then realize by tightening up adjacent two described location guy ropes 11.

In a word, the present embodiment, by arranging top suspension centre motion compensating system and bottom locating of fans system, makes blower fan 13 Position, top and the bottom can be controlled, and under the synergy of two systems, blower fan 13 can be made to produce the fortune of six-freedom degree Dynamic, thus considerably increase controllability and the motility of blower fan.

Specifically, as shown in Figure 4, Figure 5, in the middle part of described upper equalizer bar 14, steady blower fan column is held up by locker, described Bottom, upper equalizer bar 14 two ends is connected with described lower equalizer bar 9 by four wireropes 23, and top, described upper equalizer bar 14 two ends leads to Crossing suspension ring to be connected with two suspension hooks 15 respectively, each described suspension hook 15 is some on scalable arm 2 of hoist cable 16 by described Pulley 8 is connected to described lifting winch 18.

It addition, also include that two centres are provided with the V-type hoist cable strut 17 of cradle head, described hoist cable strut 17 two ends lead to Cross and be provided with the cradle head of hinge and be movably connected in the medial surface at scalable arm 2 two ends, each turn of described hoist cable strut 17 Being fitted with pulley 8 on movable joint to pass sequentially through for described hoist cable 16, described hoist cable strut 17 is on the vertical plane with scalable Arm flexible and folding, make the stretching motion of scalable arm 2 and tackling system decouple, in the situation that tackling system is failure to actuate Under, the horizontal stretching motion of scalable arm 2 can't have influence on the height change of blower fan vertical direction.

The above embodiment of the present invention is only for clearly demonstrating example of the present invention, and is not to the present invention The restriction of embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make on the basis of the above description The change of other multi-form or variation.Here without also cannot all of embodiment be given exhaustive.All the present invention's Any amendment, equivalent and the improvement etc. made within spirit and principle, should be included in the protection of the claims in the present invention Within the scope of.

Claims (7)

1. the offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device for rapid that multiple degrees of freedom compensates, including hull (24), near hull (24) bow position Putting rising and be provided with suspension bracket platform (22), described suspension bracket platform (22) is arranged above suspension bracket (1), it is characterised in that: also include Top suspension centre motion compensating system, sling load Dynamic Matching system, bottom locating of fans center support system, tackling system,
Described top suspension centre motion compensating system is movably arranged on suspension bracket (1) epimere side towards stern of described hull, bag Include one end to be flexibly connected the scalable arm (2) of suspension bracket (1) by universal coupling, drive scalable arm (2) free end around ten thousand The fluid pressure drive device bobbed and woven to hinge;
Described sling load Dynamic Matching system one end connects scalable arm (2) middle part, and the other end is walked around and is arranged on suspension bracket (1) It is fixed on after the pulley mechanism on top on suspension bracket platform (22), in order to the stress of dynamically balanced retractable arm (2) free end;
Described bottom locating of fans system includes the lower equalizer bar (9) for clamping blower fan column bottom, is fixed on hull (24) Four positioning winch (12) of corner, lower equalizer bar (9) bottom above and are connected by location guy rope (11);
Described tackling system includes the upper equalizer bar (14) by locker clamping blower fan column and is fixed on suspension bracket platform (22) the lifting winch (18) on, hoist cable (16) free end being entangled in lifting winch (18) is walked around and is arranged on scalable arm (2) connecting upper equalizer bar (14) two ends after the pulley mechanism on, the bottom of described upper equalizer bar (14) is connected by wirerope (23) Lower equalizer bar (9).
The offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device for rapid that a kind of multiple degrees of freedom the most according to claim 1 compensates, it is characterised in that: institute State top suspension centre motion compensating system and include that two scalable arms (2), two scalable arms (2) pass through spherical hinge respectively (19), on the left and right pillar (20) of the suspension bracket (1) being symmetrically arranged on described hull, described fluid pressure drive device includes two Individual level compensating hydraulic cylinder (3) and two vertical compensating hydraulic cylinders (4), described level compensating hydraulic cylinder (3) and described scalable Arm (2) is arranged in same level, and one end of two level compensating hydraulic cylinders (3) is respectively by spherical hinge (19) and suspension bracket (1) entablature (21) middle part is connected, and the other end is hinged with two scalable arm (2) medial surface respectively, described vertical benefit Repaying hydraulic cylinder (4) and be arranged on the underface of described scalable arm (2), one end of two vertical compensating hydraulic cylinders (4) leads to respectively Crossing spherical hinge to be connected with the left and right pillar (20) of hull suspension bracket (1), the other end cuts with scissors with two scalable arm (2) downsides respectively Connect.
The offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device for rapid that a kind of multiple degrees of freedom the most according to claim 2 compensates, it is characterised in that: institute State sling load Dynamic Matching system and include two main carrying wireropes (5), two main bearing springs (6), two main bearing hydraulics Cylinder (7) and two pulleys (8), described main carrying wirerope (5) one end is connected with the middle and upper part of described scalable arm (2), another After the pulley (8) at left and right pillar (20) top that end walks around suspension bracket (1), by described main bearing spring (6) and described main carrying Hydraulic cylinder (7) is connected, and described main liquid carrying cylinder pressure (7) is connected with suspension bracket platform (22) by spherical hinge again.
The offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device for rapid that a kind of multiple degrees of freedom the most according to claim 1 compensates, it is characterised in that: institute Stating lower equalizer bar (9) middle part and pass through clamping device locked blower fan column bottom, two ends then pass sequentially through four spring buffers (10), two described location guy rope (11) to arranging in eight words are connected to four described positioning winch (12) after walking around pulley (8) On.
The offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device for rapid that a kind of multiple degrees of freedom the most according to claim 4 compensates, it is characterised in that: institute Stating equalizer bar (14) middle part and hold up steady blower fan column by locker, four steel are passed through in described upper equalizer bar (14) bottom, two ends Cable (23) is connected with described lower equalizer bar (9), described upper equalizer bar (14) top, two ends by suspension ring respectively with two suspension hooks (15) being connected, each described suspension hook (15) hoist cable (16) some pulleys (8) on scalable arm (2) by described are connected to Described lifting winch (18).
The offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device for rapid that a kind of multiple degrees of freedom the most according to claim 5 compensates, it is characterised in that: also Be provided with V-type hoist cable strut (17) of cradle head including two centres, described hoist cable strut (17) two ends are by being provided with hinge Cradle head be movably connected in the medial surface at scalable arm (2) two ends, each cradle head of described hoist cable strut (17) On be fitted with pulley (8) and pass sequentially through for described hoist cable (16).
The offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device for rapid that a kind of multiple degrees of freedom the most according to any one of claim 1 to 6 compensates, its Being characterised by: described hull (24) uses catamaran type structure, described suspension bracket platform (22) raises across ground and is arranged on catamaran Type structure is near hull bow position.
CN201610576282.9A 2015-11-04 2016-07-19 A kind of offshore wind turbine integral hoisting device for rapid of multiple degrees of freedom compensation CN106044585B (en)

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