CN102441144B - 治疗小儿疳积的中药 - Google Patents

治疗小儿疳积的中药 Download PDF

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CN102441144B
CN102441144B CN2011103966405A CN201110396640A CN102441144B CN 102441144 B CN102441144 B CN 102441144B CN 2011103966405 A CN2011103966405 A CN 2011103966405A CN 201110396640 A CN201110396640 A CN 201110396640A CN 102441144 B CN102441144 B CN 102441144B
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infantile malnutrition
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CN102441144A (zh
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王信杰
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Haimen Jinqilin Rosewood Investment and Development Co., Ltd.
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Jinan Weichuan Information Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

本发明属于中药领域,特别公开了一种治疗小儿疳积的中药。该中药以鸡内金、山楂、白术、蚕蛹、苦楝子、厚朴、苍术、麦芽、使君子、当归、莪术、木香、地瓜藤、石榴叶、丹参和郁金为活性成分,按一定的重量份数制成。本发明配制简单,吸收效果好,疗效显著,无副作用,安全性高,有利于病患及时减轻病状。

Description

治疗小儿疳积的中药
(—)技术领域
[0001] 本发明属于中药领域,特别涉及一种治疗小儿疳积的中药。
(二)背景技术
[0002] 疳积是小儿常见的一种胃肠功能障碍和营养紊乱的疾患。由于父母对小儿溺爱过度,谷肉果菜肆进,或随意妄投具有高蛋白、高热量的滋补食品,或养成偏食的不良习惯,损伤脾胃,导致厌食,消化不良。其临床症状为面黄肌瘦,头发稀疏,大便腥黏或发绿,腹部凹陷如舟等,病久可影响生长发育。
[0003]目前,针对小儿疳积的治疗,西医无明显疗效,又因小儿脏腑功能薄弱,应用药物副作用大,影响小儿生长发育,因此人们对治疗小儿疳积的中药存在需要。
(三)发明内容
[0004] 本发明为了弥补现有技术的不足,提供了一种制备简单、疗效显著的治疗小儿疳积的中药。
[0005] 本发明是通过如下技术方案实现的:
[0006] 一种治疗小儿疳积的中药,由以下重量份数的活性原料制成:
[0007] 鸡内金3〜9份、山楂3〜9份、白术3〜9份、蚕蛹2〜6份、苦楝子3〜9份、厚朴3〜9份、苍术3〜9份、麦芽9〜15份、使君子6〜12份、当归6〜12份、莪术3〜9份、木香3〜9份、地瓜藤9〜15份、石槽叶9〜15份、丹参4〜10份、郁金3〜9份。 [0008] 其优选的各活性原料的重量配比为:
[0009] 鸡内金6份、山楂6份、白术6份、蚕蛹4份、苦楝子6份、厚朴6份、苍术6份、麦芽12份、使君子9份、当归9份、莪术6份、木香6份、地瓜藤12份、石榴叶12份、丹参7份、
郁金6份。
[0010] 本发明所述中药为粉剂或丸剂。将各种原料清洗干净后,打粉混合,制成粉剂或丸
齐U,定量服用。
[0011] 各活性原料的药用性能为:
[0012] 鸡内金:健脾胃,消食积,化石。主治食积,泄泻,小儿疳积,胆石症,石淋,砂淋,癥瘕经闭,喉痹乳蛾,牙疳口疮;
[0013] 山楂:消食健胃,行气散瘀。主治饮食积滞,脘腹胀痛,泄泻痢疾,血瘀痛经、经闭,产后腹痛、恶露不尽;
[0014] 白术:健脾益气,燥湿利水,止汗,安胎。主治脾气虚脱之乏力,食少腹胀,泄泻,便秘,水饮内停之小便不利;
[0015] 蚕蛹:杀虫疗疳,生 津止渴。主治肺痨,小儿疳积,发热,蛔虫病,消渴;
[0016] 苦楝子:行气止痛,杀虫。主治脘腹胁肋疼痛,疝痛,虫积腹痛,乳痈,头癣,冻疮;
[0017] 厚朴:行气导滞,燥湿,降逆平喘。主治食积气滞,腹胀便秘,湿阻中焦,脘痞吐泻,痰壅气逆,胸满喘咳;[0018] 苍术:燥湿健脾,祛风湿,明目。主治湿困脾胃,倦怠嗜卧,胸痞腹胀,食欲不振,呕吐泄泻,痰饮,湿肿,表征夹湿;
[0019] 麦芽:消食化积,回乳。主治食积,腹满泄泻,恶心呕吐,食欲不振,乳汁郁积,乳房胀痛;
[0020] 使君子:杀虫,消积,健脾。主治虫积腹痛,小儿疳积,乳食停滞,泻痢;
[0021] 当归:补血活血,调经止痛,润燥滑肠。主治血虚诸症,虚寒腹痛,痿痹,肌肤麻木,肠燥便难,赤痢后重,痈疽疮疡,跌扑损伤;
[0022] 莪术:行气破血,消积止痛,主治气血心痛,饮食积滞,脘腹胀痛,血滞经闭,痛经,癥瘕痞块,跌打损伤;
[0023] 木香:行气止痛,调中导滞。主治胸胁胀满,脘腹胀痛,呕吐泄泻,痢疾后重;
[0024] 地瓜藤:清热利湿,通络,消肿。主治黄疸,小儿消化不良,蛔虫症,风湿疼痛,荨麻疹,痔疮出血,无名肿毒,疥癣,烫火伤;
[0025] 石榴叶:收敛止泻,解毒杀虫。主治泄泻,痘风疮,癞疮,跌打损伤;
[0026] 丹参:活血祛瘀,调经止痛,除烦安神,凉血消痈。主治热痹肿痛,跌打损伤,热人营血,烦躁不安,心烦失眠,痈疮肿毒;
[0027] 郁金:活血止痛,行气解郁,清心凉血,利胆。支柱胸腹胁肋诸痛,痛经,癥瘕,热病神昏,癫狂,吐血,衄血,血淋,砂淋,黄疸。
[0028] 配方中,鸡内金、山楂、麦芽、地瓜藤主要用于消食健胃、行气散瘀、通络止痛;加配蚕蛹、苦楝子、使君子、石榴叶,主要用于杀虫疗疳、生津止渴、行气止痛;又配当归、莪术、丹参、郁金,用于补血活血、调经`止痛、润燥滑肠;再配白术、厚朴、苍术、木香,用于健脾益气、燥湿利水、行气导滞、降逆平喘。
[0029] 本发明以消积导滞、健脾益气、杀虫解毒为治则,多种药材组合协同,主要用于消食健胃、杀虫疗疳、生津止渴、补血活血、健脾益气、调经止痛,对小儿疳积有显著的疗效。
[0030] 临床观察:
[0031] (I)临床资料
[0032] 本发明人于2005年至今,对126例小儿疳积患者进行临床观察治疗,其中,男67例,女59例。
[0033] (2)治疗方法
[0034] 温水内服,一日三次,每次2〜5g,饭后服用,服用后3天见效,7〜10天痊愈。
[0035] (3)疗效判定标准
[0036] 治愈:症状全部消失;恢复正常饮食和脏腑功能。
[0037] 显效:全部症状消除或主要症状消除;基本恢复正常饮食和脏腑功能。
[0038] 有效:主要症状基本消失;正常饮食和脏腑功能有所改善。
[0039] 无效:主要理化检测指标与治疗前无变化。
[0040] (4)临床结果
[0041] 临床治愈103例(81.75% ),显效15例(11.90% ),有效6例(4.76% ),无效2例(1.59%),总有效率为98.41% ο
[0042] 本发明配制简单,吸收效果好,疗效显著,无副作用,安全性高,有利于病患及时减轻病状。(四)具体实施方式
[0043] 实施例1:
[0044] 取鸡内金3g、山楂3g、白术3g、蚕蛹2g、苦楝子3g、厚朴3g、苍术3g、麦芽9g、使君子6g、当归6g、莪术3g、木香3g、地瓜藤9g、石槽叶9g、丹参4g、郁金3g,将上述原料清洗干净,打粉混合,制成粉剂或丸剂,定量服用。
[0045] 用法用量:温水冲服,一日三次,每次2〜5g,饭后服用。
[0046] 实施例2:
[0047] 取鸡内金9g、山楂9g、白术9g、蚕蛹6g、苦楝子9g、厚朴9g、苍术9g、麦芽15g、使君子12g、当归12g、莪术9g、木香9g、地瓜藤15g、石槽叶15g、丹参10g、郁金9g,将上述原料清洗干净,打粉混合,制成粉剂或丸剂,定量服用。
[0048] 用法用量:温水冲服,一日三次,每次2〜5g,饭后服用。
[0049] 实施例3:
[0050] 取鸡内金6g、山楂6g、白术6g、蚕蛹4g、苦楝子6g、厚朴6g、苍术6g、麦芽12g、使君子9g、当归9g、莪术6g、木香6g、地瓜藤12g、石槽叶12g、丹参7g、郁金6g,将上述原料清洗干净,打粉混合,制成粉剂或丸剂,定量服用。
[0051] 用法用量:温水冲服,一`日三次,每次2〜5g,饭后服用。

Claims (2)

1.一种治疗小儿疳积的中药,其特征为,由以下重量份数的活性原料制成粉剂或丸剂:鸡内金3〜9份、山楂3〜9份、白术3〜9份、蚕蛹2〜6份、苦楝子3〜9份、厚朴3〜9份、苍术3 〜9份、麦芽9〜15份、使君子6〜12份、当归6〜12份、莪术3〜9份、木香3〜9份、地瓜藤9〜15份、石榴叶9〜15份、丹参4〜10份、郁金3〜9份。
2.根据权利要求1所述的治疗小儿疳积的中药,其特征为,由以下重量份数的活性原料制成:X粤内金6份、山楂6份、白术6份、蚕蛹4份、苦楝子6份、厚朴6份、苍术6份、麦芽12份、使君子9份、当归9份、莪术6份、木香6份、地瓜藤12份、石榴叶12份、丹参7份、郁金6份。
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