CN102410001A - Guide rod type walking-beam-free pumping unit - Google Patents

Guide rod type walking-beam-free pumping unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102410001A
CN102410001A CN2010102899076A CN201010289907A CN102410001A CN 102410001 A CN102410001 A CN 102410001A CN 2010102899076 A CN2010102899076 A CN 2010102899076A CN 201010289907 A CN201010289907 A CN 201010289907A CN 102410001 A CN102410001 A CN 102410001A
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China
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guide rod
steel
processed
welding
bolt
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Pending
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CN2010102899076A
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Chinese (zh)
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高智
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN2010102899076A priority Critical patent/CN102410001A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a guide rod type walking-beam-free pumping unit and belongs to a mechanically reversing walking-beam-free pumping unit. According to the guide rod type walking-beam-free pumping unit, the conventional method for storing potential energy by rotating a crank balance block of a walking beam machine is changed into a method for storing the potential energy by a linear motion mode, so the counter-weight torque during running is not changed. Different weights are arranged in a counter-weight box, so counter-weight adjustment is precise; therefore, a balance effect of the pumping unit is improved, vibration is reduced, the running is stable, the starting torque is reduced, a transmission chain is shortened, the whole efficiency is improved, the running cost is reduced, and an energy-saving effect is achieved. By adopting a framework structured machine body, a crank and guide rod mechanism to reverse and a backwards inclined guide wheel to expose a well, the guide rod type walking-beam-free pumping unit has the characteristics of simplicity in adjustment, simple structure, light weight, simplicity in assembly and disassembly, convenience for maintenance, small number of fault points and small overturn torque, and the gravity of the whole unit is small, so the safety, the stability and the economy of the whole unit are improved.

Description

The guide rod type blue elephant
Technical field:
The invention belongs to oil recovery machiner field, oil field, particularly relate to a kind of guide rod type blue elephant.
Background technology:
At present, oil production equipment is most popular both at home and abroad is beam pumping unit, and this oil pumper is intrinsic owing to four-bar linkage structure itself, its transmission chain length, and mechanical efficiency is low; The counter weight construction of beam pumping unit has also determined it to have pulse big, low, the inefficient shortcoming of load factor.Under this condition, ground installation and underground equipment are difficult to reach rational coordination, and system effectiveness is difficult to improve; The steel consumption of equipment, energy consumption etc. are all bigger.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiency of above-mentioned prior art, a kind of simple in structure, energy consumption is low, balance good, stroke is long, reversing impact is little, easy to maintenance mechanical commutation guide rod type blue elephant is provided.
Guide rod type blue elephant provided by the invention is characterized in that comprising: hinge (11), bearing diagonal (12), polished rod eye (13), uphole end wire rope (14), bearing diagonal upper hinge (15), directive wheel axle bed (16), directive wheel (17), guiding wheel carrier (18), guiding wheel carrier hinge (19), weighting distribution wheel (20), weighting distribution wheel axle bed (21), framework platform (22), counterweight wire rope (23), counterweight slideway (24), ballast box (25), guide rod slide track seat (26), guide rod slide rail (27), guide rod pulley (28), pulley transverse axis (29) under base (1), power unit base (2), motor (3), reducer (4), crank (5), crank-pin (6), frame (7), guide rod (8), guide rod supports axle (9), guide rod supports beam (10), the bearing diagonal; Said base (1) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel, is connected with frame (7), slideway (24) bolt; Said power unit base (2) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel, is connected with base (1) bolt; Said crank (5) is made of a steel, and an end is provided with elongated slot, and the other end is connected with the reducer axle key; Said crank-pin (6) is made of a steel, and is installed in crank (5) groove to connect with bolt, forms friction pair with end slot under the guide rod (8); Said frame (7) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel, and top is connected with base (1) bolt with framework platform (22), bottom; Said guide rod (8) is processed with rectangle steel, and bottom, middle part are provided with elongated slot, and upper end is connected with pulley transverse axis (29) bolt; Said guide rod supports axle (9) is made of a steel, and two ends and guide rod supports beam (10) weld and form friction pair with guide rod (8) intermediate channel; Said guide rod supports beam (10) is processed with the rectangle steel welding, and two ends are connected with the frame bolt; Hinge under the said bearing diagonal (11) is made of a steel, and is connected with the bearing diagonal pin, welds with frame; Said bearing diagonal (12) is processed with rectangle steel welding, and hinge (11), bearing diagonal upper hinge (15) pin are connected under two ends and the bearing diagonal; Said polished rod eye (13) is made of a steel, and top connects wire rope (14), bottom connection well bar; Said bearing diagonal upper hinge (15) is made of a steel and the welding of the wheel carrier that leads (18) bottom; Said directive wheel axle bed (16) is made of a steel with the wheel carrier that leads (18) bolt and is connected, and the axle bed base plate is processed into the stay bolt groove, can slide; Said directive wheel (17) is processed with the steel plate welding; Said guiding wheel carrier (18) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel; Said guiding wheel carrier hinge (19) is processed with steel plate, with guiding wheel carrier (18) welding; Said weighting distribution wheel (20) is processed with the steel plate welding; Said weighting distribution wheel axle bed (21) is made of a steel, and welds with framework platform (22); Said framework platform (22) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel; Said counterweight slideway (24) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel; Said ballast box (25) is processed with the steel plate welding, and the counterweight that weight does not wait is equipped with in inside; Said guide rod slide track seat (26) is processed with the steel plate welding, welds with framework platform (22); Said guide rod slide rail (27) is processed with light rail, bottom and guide rod slide track seat (26) welding; Said guide rod pulley (28) is made of a steel; Said pulley transverse axis (29) is made of a steel, and two ends are installed guide rod pulley (28), and the middle part connects uphole end wire rope (14), counterweight wire rope (23).
According to guide rod type blue elephant provided by the invention, changed mode, and become the mode of rectilinear motion mode storage of potential energy by the crankshaft balance weight rotation mode storage of potential energy of original walking beam machine, therefore counterbalance moment is constant in running; Be made up of the counterweight of Different Weight in the ballast box, the counterweight adjustment has accurately improved the counterbalance effect of oil pumper like this, has reduced vibrations; Operate steadily, staring torque reduces, and driving-chain shortens; The efficient of complete machine improves, and running cost reduces, thereby has reached energy-conservation effect.The present invention adopts the switching-over of frame construction fuselage, crank guide rod mechanism, directive wheel hypsokinesis let well; Be characterized in: adjust easy, simple in structure, in light weight, be easy to dismounting, convenient for maintaining, the trouble point is few, machine gravity is low, overturning moment is little, thereby increased safety, stability, the economy of complete machine.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is a side-looking structural representation of the present invention
Accompanying drawing 2 is that the present invention faces structural representation
Accompanying drawing 3 is that the present invention lets the well view
The specific embodiment
Specific embodiments of the present invention combines accompanying drawing that the present invention is described further, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following specific embodiments.
Guide rod type blue elephant provided by the invention is characterized in that comprising: hinge (11), bearing diagonal (12), polished rod eye (13), uphole end wire rope (14), bearing diagonal upper hinge (15), directive wheel axle bed (16), directive wheel (17), guiding wheel carrier (18), guiding wheel carrier hinge (19), weighting distribution wheel (20), weighting distribution wheel axle bed (21), framework platform (22), counterweight wire rope (23), counterweight slideway (24), ballast box (25), guide rod slide track seat (26), guide rod slide rail (27), guide rod pulley (28), pulley transverse axis (29) under base (1), power unit base (2), motor (3), reducer (4), crank (5), crank-pin (6), frame (7), guide rod (8), guide rod supports axle (9), guide rod supports beam (10), the bearing diagonal; Said base (1) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel, is connected with frame (7), slideway (24) bolt; Said power unit base (2) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel, is connected with base (1) bolt; Said crank (5) is made of a steel, and an end is provided with elongated slot, and the other end is connected with the reducer axle key; Said crank-pin (6) is made of a steel, and is installed in crank (5) groove to connect with bolt, forms friction pair with end slot under the guide rod (8); Said frame (7) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel, and top is connected with base (1) bolt with framework platform (22), bottom; Said guide rod (8) is processed with rectangle steel, and bottom, middle part are provided with elongated slot, and upper end is connected with pulley transverse axis (29) bolt; Said guide rod supports axle (9) is made of a steel, and two ends and guide rod supports beam (10) weld and form friction pair with guide rod (8) intermediate channel; Said guide rod supports beam (10) is processed with the rectangle steel welding, and two ends are connected with the frame bolt; Hinge under the said bearing diagonal (11) is made of a steel, and is connected with bearing diagonal bolt pin, welds with frame; Said bearing diagonal (12) is processed with rectangle steel welding, and hinge (11), bearing diagonal upper hinge (15) pin are connected under two ends and the bearing diagonal; Said polished rod eye (13) is made of a steel, and top connects wire rope (14), bottom connection well bar; Said bearing diagonal upper hinge (15) is made of a steel and the welding of the wheel carrier that leads (18) bottom; Said directive wheel axle bed (16) is made of a steel with the wheel carrier that leads (18) bolt and is connected, and the axle bed base plate is processed into the stay bolt groove, can slide; Said directive wheel (17) is processed with the steel plate welding; Said guiding wheel carrier (18) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel; Said guiding wheel carrier hinge (19) is processed with steel plate, with guiding wheel carrier (18) welding; Said weighting distribution wheel (20) is processed with the steel plate welding; Said weighting distribution wheel axle bed (21) is made of a steel, and welds with framework platform (22); Said framework platform (22) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel; Said counterweight slideway (24) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel; Said ballast box (25) is processed with the steel plate welding, and the counterweight that weight does not wait is equipped with in inside; Said guide rod slide track seat (26) is processed with the steel plate welding, welds with framework platform (22); Said guide rod slide rail (27) is processed with light rail, bottom and guide rod slide track seat (26) welding; Said guide rod pulley (28) is made of a steel; Said pulley transverse axis (29) is made of a steel, and two ends are installed guide rod pulley (28), and the middle part connects uphole end wire rope (14), counterweight wire rope (23).
Behind electric motor starting, drive crank and crank-pin rotation through belt pulley, reducer, be that the center swings thereby drive guide rod with the guide rod supports axle, crank-pin slides up and down in the lower end of the guide rod groove simultaneously.The guide rod middle part has elongate slots, forms friction pair with the guide rod supports axle, and guide rod has upper and lower displacement again when in the guide rod supports axle, rotating, and when guide rod is swung, gives and compensation, prolongs slide rail and does reciprocating linear motion to guarantee the guide rod upper sheave.Oil well end wire rope one end is fixed on the pulley transverse axis, and the other end is fixed on the polished rod eye through directive wheel; Counterweight wire rope one end is fixed on the pulley transverse axis, and the other end is fixed on the ballast box through weighting distribution wheel; When guide rod was swung, the guide rod transverse axis drove pulley and on slide rail, does reciprocating linear motion, thereby drove oil well end wire rope, the opposite reciprocating motion of ballast box wire rope do, accomplished the crude oil pumping through beam hanger, oil pump.
Directive wheel can make suspension point accurately aim at well head through fine setting before and after the elongated slot of directive wheel axle bed bottom, avoids well bar eccentric wear, prolongs the well workover cycle.The directive wheel frame is provided with hinge, behind the dismounting bearing diagonal, can hypsokinesis overturn, and makes the directive wheel suspension point get out of the way well head, makes things convenient for workover treatment.

Claims (2)

1. guide rod type blue elephant provided by the invention is characterized in that comprising: hinge (11), bearing diagonal (12), polished rod eye (13), uphole end wire rope (14), bearing diagonal upper hinge (15), directive wheel axle bed (16), directive wheel (17), guiding wheel carrier (18), guiding wheel carrier hinge (19), weighting distribution wheel (20), weighting distribution wheel axle bed (21), framework platform (22), counterweight wire rope (23), counterweight slideway (24), ballast box (25), guide rod slide track seat (26), guide rod slide rail (27), guide rod pulley (28), pulley transverse axis (29) under base (1), power unit base (2), motor (3), reducer (4), crank (5), crank-pin (6), frame (7), guide rod (8), guide rod supports axle (9), guide rod supports beam (10), the bearing diagonal; Said base (1) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel, is connected with frame (7), slideway (24) bolt; Said power unit base (2) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel, is connected with base (1) bolt; Said crank (5) is made of a steel, and an end is provided with elongated slot, and the other end is connected with the reducer axle key; Said crank-pin (6) is made of a steel, and is installed in crank (5) groove to connect with bolt, forms friction pair with end slot under the guide rod (8); Said frame (7) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel, and top is connected with base (1) bolt with framework platform (22), bottom; Said guide rod (8) is processed with rectangle steel, and bottom, middle part are provided with elongated slot, and upper end is connected with pulley transverse axis (29) bolt; Said guide rod supports axle (9) is made of a steel, and two ends and guide rod supports beam (10) weld and form friction pair with guide rod (8) intermediate channel; Said guide rod supports beam (10) is processed with the rectangle steel welding, and two ends are connected with the frame bolt; Hinge under the said bearing diagonal (11) is made of a steel, and is connected with the bearing diagonal pin, welds with frame; Said bearing diagonal (12) is processed with rectangle steel welding, and hinge (11), bearing diagonal upper hinge (15) pin are connected under two ends and the bearing diagonal; Said polished rod eye (13) is made of a steel, and top connects wire rope (14), bottom connection well bar; Said bearing diagonal upper hinge (15) is made of a steel and the welding of the wheel carrier that leads (18) bottom; Said directive wheel axle bed (16) is made of a steel with the wheel carrier that leads (18) bolt and is connected, and the axle bed base plate is processed into the stay bolt groove, can slide; Said directive wheel (17) is processed with the steel plate welding; Said guiding wheel carrier (18) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel; Said guiding wheel carrier hinge (19) is processed with steel plate, with guiding wheel carrier (18) welding; Said weighting distribution wheel (20) is processed with the steel plate welding; Said weighting distribution wheel axle bed (21) is made of a steel, and welds with framework platform (22); Said framework platform (22) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel; Said counterweight slideway (24) is processed with the welding of H shaped steel; Said ballast box (25) is processed with the steel plate welding, and the counterweight that weight does not wait is equipped with in inside; Said guide rod slide track seat (26) is processed with the steel plate welding, welds with framework platform (22); Said guide rod slide rail (27) is processed with light rail, bottom and guide rod slide track seat (26) welding; Said guide rod pulley (28) is made of a steel; Said pulley transverse axis (29) is made of a steel, and two ends are installed guide rod pulley (28), and the middle part connects uphole end wire rope (14), counterweight wire rope (23).
2. guide rod type blue elephant according to claim 1 is characterized in that: guide rod supports beam (10) two ends are connected with the frame bolt, can up-down adjustment, change guide rod (8) supporting point position, and change lever ratio, thereby change the stroke size.
CN2010102899076A 2010-09-25 2010-09-25 Guide rod type walking-beam-free pumping unit Pending CN102410001A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102899076A CN102410001A (en) 2010-09-25 2010-09-25 Guide rod type walking-beam-free pumping unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102899076A CN102410001A (en) 2010-09-25 2010-09-25 Guide rod type walking-beam-free pumping unit

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CN102410001A true CN102410001A (en) 2012-04-11

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CN2010102899076A Pending CN102410001A (en) 2010-09-25 2010-09-25 Guide rod type walking-beam-free pumping unit

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102996747A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-03-27 孙继辉 Chain driving reversing device and method of beam-pumping unit
CN111721398A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-09-29 赵新华 Beam-pumping unit support top amplitude detection device
CN112814627A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-05-18 山东创新石油技术有限公司 Electrically controlled reversing direct-drive beam pumping unit

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2258547Y (en) * 1995-09-29 1997-07-30 贾锡田 Crank connecting link type beam-free oil pumping machine
CN2725520Y (en) * 2004-09-17 2005-09-14 姜照宇 Oil pumping machine
US20060060011A1 (en) * 2004-09-23 2006-03-23 Jensen James B Pumping unit with variable work stroke and return stroke torque factor characteristics
CN201241666Y (en) * 2008-08-23 2009-05-20 唐山冀东石油机械有限责任公司 Non-beam type oil pumping machine
US20100170353A1 (en) * 2008-07-07 2010-07-08 New River Equipment Corp. Pumping unit
CN201851090U (en) * 2010-09-25 2011-06-01 高智 Guide-rod type pumping unit without walking beam
US20110314959A1 (en) * 2010-05-08 2011-12-29 Smith Alan D Cross-Jack Counterbalance System

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2258547Y (en) * 1995-09-29 1997-07-30 贾锡田 Crank connecting link type beam-free oil pumping machine
CN2725520Y (en) * 2004-09-17 2005-09-14 姜照宇 Oil pumping machine
US20060060011A1 (en) * 2004-09-23 2006-03-23 Jensen James B Pumping unit with variable work stroke and return stroke torque factor characteristics
US20100170353A1 (en) * 2008-07-07 2010-07-08 New River Equipment Corp. Pumping unit
CN201241666Y (en) * 2008-08-23 2009-05-20 唐山冀东石油机械有限责任公司 Non-beam type oil pumping machine
US20110314959A1 (en) * 2010-05-08 2011-12-29 Smith Alan D Cross-Jack Counterbalance System
CN201851090U (en) * 2010-09-25 2011-06-01 高智 Guide-rod type pumping unit without walking beam

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102996747A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-03-27 孙继辉 Chain driving reversing device and method of beam-pumping unit
CN111721398A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-09-29 赵新华 Beam-pumping unit support top amplitude detection device
CN111721398B (en) * 2020-06-23 2022-06-17 赵新华 Beam-pumping unit support top amplitude detection device
CN112814627A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-05-18 山东创新石油技术有限公司 Electrically controlled reversing direct-drive beam pumping unit

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Application publication date: 20120411