CN102434128A - Walking beam type electric manually-balanced pumping unit - Google Patents

Walking beam type electric manually-balanced pumping unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102434128A
CN102434128A CN2011104567741A CN201110456774A CN102434128A CN 102434128 A CN102434128 A CN 102434128A CN 2011104567741 A CN2011104567741 A CN 2011104567741A CN 201110456774 A CN201110456774 A CN 201110456774A CN 102434128 A CN102434128 A CN 102434128A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
walking
hand
hinged
type electric
ballast box
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011104567741A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于胜存
高长乐
马述俭
孙春旺
林泉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
No3 Machine Tool Plant Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
Original Assignee
No3 Machine Tool Plant Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by No3 Machine Tool Plant Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region filed Critical No3 Machine Tool Plant Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
Priority to CN2011104567741A priority Critical patent/CN102434128A/en
Publication of CN102434128A publication Critical patent/CN102434128A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention disclosed a walking beam type electric manually-balanced pumping unit, relating to the technical field of walking beam type pumping units. The walking beam type electric manually-balanced pumping unit comprises a motor, a speed reducer, a crank, a connecting rod, a walking beam, a bracket, a horse head and a base. The motor, the speed reducer and the bracket are fixedly arranged on the base, a power output shaft of the speed reducer is provided with the crank, the crank is hinged with the lower end of the connecting rod, the walking beam capable of swinging up and down is hinged at the top end of the bracket through a middle bracket bearing block, the upper end of the connecting rod is hinged with the left part of the walking beam, the horse head is fixedly arranged at the right end of the walking beam and is provided with a polished rod eye, and a suspension arm is arranged at the left end of the walking beam. According to the walking beam type electric manually-balanced pumping unit disclosed by the invention, the structure is reasonable and compact, and the use is convenient; in addition, a movable adjustable counterweight device can move forwards and backwards on the suspension arm by an adjustable counterweight device driving device, thus the moment of a weight box is changed, the balance on a suspension point load is realized, and the efficiency and the effect of balance adjustment of a whole machine are greatly improved.

Description

Beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper
Technical field
the present invention relates to the beam pumping unit technical field, are a kind of beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumpers.
Background technology
existing beam pumping unit mainly contains: conventional type beam pumping unit, prefix type beam-pumping unit, eccentrically arranged type beam-pumping unit and special-shaped beam-pumping unit etc.; Beam pumping unit generally comprises horse head, walking beam, support, connecting rod, base, crank, bascule, reducer, engine and polished rod eye at present; On base, be installed with support, reducer and engine etc., walking beam is hinged on the support, and an end of connecting rod is hinged on the crank of reducer; The other end of connecting rod is hinged on the walking beam; So just formed quadric chain, horse head is installed in the front end of walking beam, and polished rod eye is installed on the horse head.Balance mode generally has three kinds of crank balance, beam balance and plural equilibriums.Still there is following deficiency in existing beam pumping unit: the complete machine balancing needs the artificial balance weight that is installed in the counterweight on the crank or increases and decreases beam travelling tail end that moves, and labour intensity is high, and maintenance cost is big; Need the artificial belt pulley of changing when transferring jig frequency, replacing is inconvenient, and maintenance cost is also higher.Oil pumper generally all is installed in the field, and road is far away, and maintenance cost is high, therefore, transfers the ginseng frequency low, can not guarantee that oil pumper operates in optimum state.
Summary of the invention
the invention provides a kind of beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper, have overcome the deficiency of above-mentioned prior art, problems such as existing beam pumping unit counterbalance effect is poor, energy consumption high, cost is high, operation inconvenience that it can effectively solve.
technical scheme of the present invention realizes through following measure: a kind of beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper; Comprise engine, reducer, crank, connecting rod, walking beam, support, horse head and base; On base, be installed with engine, reducer and support, on the power output shaft of reducer, crank be installed, the lower end and the crank of connecting rod are hinged; The walking beam that can swing up and down is hinged on the top of support through the rack shaft holder at middle part; The upper end of connecting rod is hinged on the left part of walking beam, and the right-hand member of walking beam is installed with horse head, and polished rod eye is installed on the horse head; The left end of walking beam is equipped with arm, and portable adjustable counter balance device and adjustable counter balance device drive unit are installed on arm.
Be to the further optimization of foregoing invention technical scheme below or/and improve:
above-mentioned portable adjustable counter balance device comprises ballast box; In ballast box, be fixed with dividing plate and ballast box is divided into fixed weight chamber and moving counterweight chamber; In the fixed weight chamber, be filled with the fixed weight thing; Slideway is arranged in the moving counterweight chamber and drawing and pulling type activity balancing piece is installed, on ballast box, be installed with the insurance pin that can block fixed weight thing and drawing and pulling type activity balancing piece.
Can be installed with hangers on above-mentioned ballast box.
above-mentioned adjustable counter balance device drive unit can comprise motor, leading screw and screw; Right-hand member at arm is installed with motor, on the arm of ballast box left part and right part, is installed with leading screw supporting base and lead screw shaft bearing respectively, and the left end of leading screw and right-hand member are installed in respectively in leading screw supporting base and the lead screw shaft bearing; The right-hand member of leading screw is fixedly installed togather through shaft coupling and motor power output shaft; Screw is installed on leading screw, the groove of left and right directions is arranged at the middle part of ballast box, the middle part of leading screw is positioned at the groove of ballast box; Ballast box and screw are fixedly installed togather; Slide rail is arranged on arm, in the bottom of ballast box roller is installed, roller is positioned on the slide rail.
It is right-hand that the right part of the motor power output shaft of above-mentioned counter weight device drive unit is positioned at motor, is fixed with square head or six square toes at the right-hand member of motor power output shaft.
On above-mentioned base the belt pulley fast replacing device can be installed, the lower end of belt pulley fast replacing device is hinged on the base, and the upper end of belt pulley fast replacing device is hinged on the engine.
Can be hinged with support bar on above-mentioned support, the corresponding free bearing that connects support bar is arranged on walking beam.
reasonable and compact in structure of the present invention; Easy to use; Through adjustable counter balance device drive unit portable adjustable counter balance device front and back on arm are moved; Thereby change the moment of ballast box, realize balance, therefore greatly improved the efficient and the effect of complete machine balancing polished rod load.
Description of drawings
accompanying drawing 1 is the main TV structure sketch map of most preferred embodiment of the present invention.
accompanying drawing 2 is the main TV structure sketch map of portable adjustable counter balance device in the most preferred embodiment of the present invention and adjustable counter balance device drive unit.
accompanying drawing 3 is that the A-A of accompanying drawing 2 is to the sectional structure sketch map.
accompanying drawing 4 is that the I of accompanying drawing 2 is to the structure for amplifying sketch map.
Coding in accompanying drawing is respectively: 1 is engine, and 2 is reducer, and 3 is crank, and 4 is connecting rod, and 5 is walking beam, and 6 is support; 7 is horse head, and 8 is base, and 9 is rack shaft holder, and 10 is polished rod eye, and 11 is arm, and 12 is ballast box; 13 is the fixed weight thing, and 14 are the insurance pin, and 15 is hangers, and 16 is motor, and 17 is leading screw; 18 is screw, and 19 is shaft coupling, and 20 is the motor power output shaft, and 21 is groove, and 22 is roller; 23 is square head or six square toes, and 24 is support bar, and 25 is free bearing, and 26 is the leading screw supporting base, and 27 is the lead screw shaft bearing.
The specific embodiment
the present invention does not receive the restriction of following embodiment, can confirm concrete embodiment according to technical scheme of the present invention and actual conditions.
in the present invention; For the ease of describing; The description of the relative position relation of each parts all is to describe according to the Butut mode of Figure of description, as: the position relation of upper and lower, left and right etc. is what to confirm according to the Butut direction of Figure of description.
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing the present invention is further described:
are shown in accompanying drawing 1 to 4; This beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper comprises engine 1, reducer 2, crank 3, connecting rod 4, walking beam 5, support 6, horse head 7 and base 8; On base 8, be installed with engine 1, reducer 2 and support 6, crank 3 is installed on the power output shaft of reducer 2, the lower end of connecting rod 4 and crank 3 are hinged; The walking beam 5 that can swing up and down is hinged on the top of support 6 through the rack shaft holder 9 at middle part; The upper end of connecting rod 4 is hinged on the left part of walking beam 5, and the right-hand member of walking beam 5 is installed with horse head 7, and polished rod eye 10 is installed on the horse head 7; Left end at walking beam 5 is equipped with arm 11, and portable adjustable counter balance device and adjustable counter balance device drive unit are installed on arm 11.Through adjustable counter balance device drive unit portable adjustable counter balance device front and back on arm are moved, thereby change the moment of ballast box, realize balance polished rod load.
Can according to actual needs above-mentioned beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper be done further to optimize or/and improve:
are like accompanying drawing 1, shown in 2; Portable adjustable counter balance device comprises ballast box 12; In ballast box 12, be fixed with dividing plate and ballast box 12 is divided into fixed weight chamber and moving counterweight chamber; In the fixed weight chamber, be filled with fixed weight thing 13, slideway arranged in the moving counterweight chamber and drawing and pulling type activity balancing piece is installed, on ballast box 12, be installed with the insurance pin 14 that can block fixed weight thing and drawing and pulling type activity balancing piece.Fixed weight thing 13 can adopt existing material known such as composite material coagulum.
for the ease of handling, are installed with hangers 15 on ballast box 12 shown in accompanying drawing 2.
like accompanying drawing 2, shown in 3, adjustable counter balance device drive unit comprises motor 16, leading screw 17 and screw 18, is installed with motor 16 at the right-hand member of arm 11; On the arm 11 of ballast box 12 left parts and right part, be installed with leading screw supporting base 26 and lead screw shaft bearing 27 respectively; The left end of leading screw 17 and right-hand member are installed in respectively in leading screw supporting base 26 and the lead screw shaft bearing 27, and the right-hand member of leading screw 17 is fixedly installed togather through shaft coupling 19 and motor power output shaft 20, and screw 18 is installed on leading screw 17; The groove 21 that left and right directions is arranged at the middle part of ballast box 12; The middle part of leading screw 17 is positioned at the groove 21 of ballast box 12, and ballast box 12 is fixedly installed togather with screw 18, on arm 11, slide rail is arranged; In the bottom of ballast box 12 roller 22 is installed, roller 22 is positioned on the slide rail.Like this, ballast box 12 front and back on arm 11 are moved, thereby change the moment of ballast box 12, realize balance polished rod load through lead-screw drive mechanism.During actual the use, also can adopt the kinds of drive such as sprocket wheel or tooth bar to drive ballast box 12 and move up and down.
shown in accompanying drawing 4, it is right-hand that the right part of motor power output shaft 20 is positioned at motor 16, is fixed with square head or six square toes 23 at the right-hand member of motor power output shaft 20.Under the situation that perhaps motor 16 damages that has a power failure; Artificial square head or six square toes 23 of rotating of available dedicated crank or spanner; Adjustable counter balance device drive unit is rotated forward or backwards,, make and move before and after ballast box 12 is on arm 11 through lead screw transmission or chain drive; Thereby change the moment of ballast box 11, realize balance polished rod load.
as required, are equipped with the belt pulley fast replacing device on the base 8, the lower end of belt pulley fast replacing device is hinged on the base 8, and the upper end of belt pulley fast replacing device is hinged on the engine 1.
shown in accompanying drawing 1, are hinged with support bar 24 on the support 6, the corresponding free bearing 25 that connects support bar 24 is arranged on walking beam 5.Be convenient to maintenance and maintenance like this.
above technical characterictic has constituted most preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it has stronger compliance and best implementation result, can increase and decrease non-essential technical characterictic according to actual needs, satisfies the demand of different situations.

Claims (10)

1. a beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper comprises engine, reducer, crank, connecting rod, walking beam, support, horse head and base, on base, is installed with engine, reducer and support; On the power output shaft of reducer, crank is installed; The lower end and the crank of connecting rod are hinged, and the walking beam that can swing up and down is hinged on the top of support through the rack shaft holder at middle part, and the upper end of connecting rod is hinged on the left part of walking beam; The right-hand member of walking beam is installed with horse head; Polished rod eye is installed on the horse head, it is characterized in that the left end of walking beam is equipped with arm, portable adjustable counter balance device and adjustable counter balance device drive unit are installed on arm.
2. beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper according to claim 1; It is characterized in that portable adjustable counter balance device comprises ballast box; In ballast box, be fixed with dividing plate and ballast box is divided into fixed weight chamber and moving counterweight chamber; In the fixed weight chamber, be filled with the fixed weight thing, slideway arranged in the moving counterweight chamber and drawing and pulling type activity balancing piece is installed, on ballast box, be installed with the insurance pin that can block fixed weight thing and drawing and pulling type activity balancing piece.
3. beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that being installed with on the ballast box hangers.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumpers, it is characterized in that adjustable counter balance device drive unit comprises motor, leading screw and screw, be installed with motor at the right-hand member of arm; On the arm of ballast box left part and right part, be installed with leading screw supporting base and lead screw shaft bearing respectively; The left end of leading screw and right-hand member are installed in respectively in leading screw supporting base and the lead screw shaft bearing, and the right-hand member of leading screw is fixedly installed togather through shaft coupling and motor power output shaft, and screw is installed on leading screw; The groove that left and right directions is arranged at the middle part of ballast box; The middle part of leading screw is positioned at the groove of ballast box, and ballast box and screw are fixedly installed togather, and slide rail is arranged on arm; Bottom at ballast box is equipped with roller, and roller is positioned on the slide rail.
5. beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper according to claim 4, it is right-hand that the right part that it is characterized in that the motor power output shaft of counter weight device drive unit is positioned at motor, is fixed with square head or six square toes or key at the right-hand member of motor power output shaft.
6. beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that being equipped with on the base belt pulley fast replacing device, and the lower end of belt pulley fast replacing device is hinged on the base, and the upper end of belt pulley fast replacing device is hinged on the engine.
7. beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper according to claim 5 is characterized in that being equipped with on the base belt pulley fast replacing device, and the lower end of belt pulley fast replacing device is hinged on the base, and the upper end of belt pulley fast replacing device is hinged on the engine.
8. beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that being hinged with support bar on the support, and the corresponding free bearing that connects support bar is arranged on walking beam.
9. beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper according to claim 3 is characterized in that being hinged with support bar on the support, and the corresponding free bearing that connects support bar is arranged on walking beam.
10. beam type electric and hand balancing oil pumper according to claim 7 is characterized in that being hinged with support bar on the support, and the corresponding free bearing that connects support bar is arranged on walking beam.
CN2011104567741A 2011-12-31 2011-12-31 Walking beam type electric manually-balanced pumping unit Pending CN102434128A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011104567741A CN102434128A (en) 2011-12-31 2011-12-31 Walking beam type electric manually-balanced pumping unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011104567741A CN102434128A (en) 2011-12-31 2011-12-31 Walking beam type electric manually-balanced pumping unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102434128A true CN102434128A (en) 2012-05-02

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013097832A1 (en) * 2011-12-31 2013-07-04 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Beam pumping unit with motorised and manual balancing
WO2015014163A1 (en) * 2013-07-30 2015-02-05 Yang Shunwei Walking-beam pumping unit with new support
CN104563970A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Digital automatic control oil pumping method and mobile balancing digital oil pumping unit
CN104612631A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-13 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Power balance digitization automatic control oil pumping method and oil extraction robot
CN104775792A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-07-15 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Intelligent oil pumping control method and intelligent oil pumping unit
CN106762353A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-05-31 浙江腾荣环保科技有限公司 A kind of tower crane type TRT

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CN2592863Y (en) * 2002-12-27 2003-12-17 长庆石油勘探局机械制造总厂 Camber beam variable-torque composite balance beam pump
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CN201125859Y (en) * 2007-11-26 2008-10-01 大庆油田有限责任公司 Direct balance type energy-saving beam-pumping unit
CN201297157Y (en) * 2008-09-03 2009-08-26 泰兴石油机械有限公司 Beam thick oil pumping unit
CN201381840Y (en) * 2009-03-20 2010-01-13 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Large-size long-stroke heavy-load energy-saving oil pumping unit
CN101670805A (en) * 2009-10-14 2010-03-17 铁岭运达汽车起重机有限公司 Truck with loading crane with super-high lifting capability
CN101709634A (en) * 2009-12-28 2010-05-19 郭长安 Adjustable balance up-connected steel cable structure type beam-pumping unit
CN102249168A (en) * 2011-06-08 2011-11-23 大连四达高技术发展有限公司 Workpiece lifting device with bracket counter weight mechanism
CN202611667U (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-12-19 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Walking beam type electric manual adjustment balanced pumping unit

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2592863Y (en) * 2002-12-27 2003-12-17 长庆石油勘探局机械制造总厂 Camber beam variable-torque composite balance beam pump
CN201013323Y (en) * 2007-02-12 2008-01-30 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Normal beam-pumping unit adjustable tail balancing means
CN201125859Y (en) * 2007-11-26 2008-10-01 大庆油田有限责任公司 Direct balance type energy-saving beam-pumping unit
CN201297157Y (en) * 2008-09-03 2009-08-26 泰兴石油机械有限公司 Beam thick oil pumping unit
CN201381840Y (en) * 2009-03-20 2010-01-13 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Large-size long-stroke heavy-load energy-saving oil pumping unit
CN101670805A (en) * 2009-10-14 2010-03-17 铁岭运达汽车起重机有限公司 Truck with loading crane with super-high lifting capability
CN101709634A (en) * 2009-12-28 2010-05-19 郭长安 Adjustable balance up-connected steel cable structure type beam-pumping unit
CN102249168A (en) * 2011-06-08 2011-11-23 大连四达高技术发展有限公司 Workpiece lifting device with bracket counter weight mechanism
CN202611667U (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-12-19 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Walking beam type electric manual adjustment balanced pumping unit

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013097832A1 (en) * 2011-12-31 2013-07-04 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Beam pumping unit with motorised and manual balancing
WO2015014163A1 (en) * 2013-07-30 2015-02-05 Yang Shunwei Walking-beam pumping unit with new support
CN104797778A (en) * 2013-07-30 2015-07-22 杨顺伟 Walking-beam pumping unit with new support
CN104563970A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Digital automatic control oil pumping method and mobile balancing digital oil pumping unit
CN104612631A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-13 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Power balance digitization automatic control oil pumping method and oil extraction robot
CN104775792A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-07-15 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Intelligent oil pumping control method and intelligent oil pumping unit
CN104563970B (en) * 2014-12-31 2018-04-03 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Digital automatic control oil pumping method and shifting balance digitlization oil pumper
CN104775792B (en) * 2014-12-31 2018-05-08 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Intelligent control oil pumping method and intelligent oil pumping machine
CN104612631B (en) * 2014-12-31 2018-07-27 新疆维吾尔自治区第三机床厂 Power-balance digital automatic control oil pumping method and oil recovery robot
US10527034B2 (en) 2014-12-31 2020-01-07 Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region No 3 Machine Tool Works Digitized automatic control method for oil-pumping and digitized balance-shifting pumpjack
CN106762353A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-05-31 浙江腾荣环保科技有限公司 A kind of tower crane type TRT

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Application publication date: 20120502