CN102403539B - Horizontal battery production system - Google Patents

Horizontal battery production system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102403539B
CN102403539B CN201010282176.2A CN201010282176A CN102403539B CN 102403539 B CN102403539 B CN 102403539B CN 201010282176 A CN201010282176 A CN 201010282176A CN 102403539 B CN102403539 B CN 102403539B
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battery
manufacturing equipment
pole plate
plate
manufacturing unit
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CN102403539A (en
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郭隆
郭家硕
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郭隆
郭家硕
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention discloses a horizontal battery production system, comprising a lead network manufacturing unit, a mixing paste manufacturing unit, a positive and negative plate plaster manufacturing unit, a pickling manufacturing unit, a plate drying manufacturing unit, a plate assembly manufacturing unit, a battery terminal installation manufacturing unit, a battery box manufacturing unit, an acid-filling manufacturing unit, a formation manufacturing unit, a wax-filling manufacturing unit, and a packaging manufacturing unit. The system is characterized in that: the manufacturing units work automatically, the positive and negative lead paste are coated on a lead network to from a positive plate and a negative plate; the positive plate and the negative plate are activated by the pickling manufacturing unit, and then orderly stack to combine into an electrode group for battery through cooperating insulation sheets in the subsequent process; after the two terminals of the electrode group for battery is subject to molding to form an electrode tip, the electrode group for battery is arranged in a battery box to form a battery assembly; acid liquor is poured into the battery assembly to generate an electrochemical reaction, then charging is carried out in the formation manufacturing unit, and then wax-filling is carried out in the battery assembly to fix each components in the battery box, and finally packaging is carried out.

Description

Horizontal battery production system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of automated system of quick level of production battery.
Background technology
Traditional sealed lead acid battery, has following shortcoming:
Grid adopts the mode that lead pig heating and melting is filled into mould, and consumptive material is more.
Battery pole plates adopts traditional vertical modes of emplacement, easily has electrolyte stratification phenomenon.
Adopt the fixed strip of electric groove both sides to fix utmost point group, through using because of the deformation of pole plate active material and using vibrations, easily cause active material to come off.
The operations such as multiple tracks is dry because processing procedure comprises, maturation, production procedure is longer, makes the inventory turnover time slower, causes the pressure on efficiency in the use of funds.
Grid adopts solid alloy plumbous, and is used for the lead of each interpolar series and parallel of battery to omit, so consumptive material is more.
Plumbous material adopts heating for dissolving, can produce plumbous steam, though through exhaust gas purification, often because air draft deficiency causes the pollution to personnel and environment.
Because of Heavy Weight, (33wh/kg) is lower for its gravimetric specific energy, and the factor of general anti-seismic structure, Life Cycle number of times only approximately 300 times, and the charging interval be about (6-8hr).
Horizontal Lead Acid Storage Battery is the invention battery that develops out in order to improve the disappearance of aforementioned conventional lead accumulator; Horizontal Lead Acid Storage Battery is because battery pole plates adopts horizontal positioned, is different from the vertical placement of traditional type lead accumulator, therefore be called " horizon battery ".
The basic processing procedure of horizon battery:
It is the stamen heart that its base material be take intensity glass fibre higher and multi-thread winding, with cold-stamped mode bread one deck lead alloy glass fibre outside, and formation spongy lead.Again spongy lead is woven into plumbous net, and develop a kind of brand-new lead plaster, do not need through the maturation stage, while is according to the demand of battery structure, at lead, coat successively respectively positive pole, cathode lead plaster on the net, for strengthening pole plate active material intensity, in pole plate both sides, add special paper wood, after super-dry, wrap special fine mineral wool and can carry out battery assembling afterwards.And battery is after having encapsulated, carry out vacuum acid filling, change into, fill with the operations such as curing agent, cleaning, packing, complete the production routine of horizon battery.
Because pole plate adopts horizontal positioned, thus the poor polarization phenomena of the concentration of electrolyte of battery can be avoided, and the poor polarization phenomena of concentration of electrolyte are one of the main reasons of traditional lead accumulator capacity loss and the lost of life.
The pole plate negative and positive of horizon battery are directly communicated with, so internal resistance is little, and the utilization of pole plate active material is more even, and save utmost point group plumbous material in parallel, heavy-current discharge, and voltage drop is smaller.
Adopt plumbous net to substitute traditional screen (grid), alleviated battery weight, save consumptive material, allow the gravimetric specific energy of battery greatly improve (>=40wh/kg), the charge acceptance of battery also improves simultaneously, is therefore conducive to quick charge.
Because plumbous net tensile strength is large, the change of shape of pole plate active material in ability charge and discharge cycles, so cycle life number of times also improves relatively.
The horizon battery manufacture of aforementioned conventional needs manpower to complete, and operating efficiency is lower.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of combination manufacturing equipment by automation equipment, level of production battery fast, adopts manpower operation's low efficiency problem to solve tradition.
The present invention includes a plumbous net manufacturing equipment, one and cream manufacturing equipment, a positive/negative plate be coated with cream manufacturing equipment, a pickling manufacturing equipment, the dry manufacturing equipment of a pole plate, a pole plate combination manufacturing equipment, a battery terminal and manufacturing equipment, a packed battery box manufacturing equipment, an acid filling manufacturing equipment, are installed are changed into manufacturing equipment, and fill with cured manufacturing equipment and pack manufacturing equipment with one; Aforementioned each manufacturing equipment all carries out operation with automation equipment, positive and negative electrode lead plaster is coated to plumbous online positive plate and the negative plate of forming; Positive and negative pole plate is via pickling manufacturing equipment after activating, in successive process coordinated insulation sheet sequentially storehouse be combined into battery electrode group, battery electrode group two ends are after molding electrode tip, be installed in group in battery case and form battery assembly, battery assembly is poured into acid solution and is produced electrochemical action, then in changing into manufacturing equipment, charge, then in battery assembly, fill with cured each assembly is fixed in battery case after, be finally packaged as finished product.
The technological means of of the present invention and cream manufacturing equipment, be to provide a plurality of Sheng buckets that can be mobile in orbit, by a feeding doffer, lead powder is dropped down onto to a scale bucket quantitatively, after the weight of scale bucket amount scale lead powder is errorless, drop down onto be again positioned at below one described in contain bucket, again this Sheng bucket is displaced to the position of a fluid injection agitating device, chemical liquid injected in this Sheng staving and to stir into lead plaster; Then utilize one to topple over unit the lead plaster of containing in bucket is poured out, finally with cleaning device, the Sheng bucket of pouring out after lead plaster is cleaned up.
The technological means of pickling manufacturing equipment of the present invention, is to utilize conveyer pole plate to be delivered to one by one to each board of a pole plate bolster, and pole plate bolster is delivered to acid dip tank by conveying equipment again and carries out pickling operation.
The technological means of pole plate combination manufacturing equipment of the present invention, to utilize one first conveying device that the insulating trip after cutting is delivered in a tool and is placed, recycling one second conveying device is delivered to positive plate and negative plate in described tool, to be stacked into pole plate storehouse group, each pole plate storehouse group in this tool sequentially with a positive plate, an insulating trip, a negative plate, an insulating trip repeat stacked to a quantity, or sequentially with a negative plate, an insulating trip, a positive plate, an insulating trip repeat stacked to a quantity, to form a battery electrode group.
Battery terminal of the present invention is installed the technological means of manufacturing equipment, be utilize automation equipment by battery electrode group be delivered to Tuo La district attach de-cured after, then be delivered to electrode tip shaping area two ends cast out to electrode tip.
The technological means of packed battery box manufacturing equipment of the present invention, is to utilize automation equipment that one battery electrode group and a battery case are delivered to respectively behind a position, and this battery case cover is organized to described battery electrode group, to organize, forms a battery assembly.
The technological means of acid filling manufacturing equipment of the present invention, being to provide one is pivoted and swingable acid filling cylinder, described battery assembly is inserted after this acid filling cylinder, coordinate air-extractor that the gas in acid filling cylinder is extracted out, and coordinate acid filling equipment that acid solution is injected in acid filling cylinder, the angle that again acid filling cylinder tilted makes battery absorb acid solution a period of time, then discharges acid solution, then takes out battery.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is for showing manufacturing equipment schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is for showing the whole schematic top plan view of the present invention and cream manufacturing equipment.
Fig. 3 is that it shows the schematic diagram of feeding unit of the present invention and fluid injection agitating unit along the schematic diagram of I-I of Fig. 2 and II-II direction.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram along III-III direction of Fig. 2, and it shows schematic diagram of toppling over unit of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is that it shows the schematic diagram of cleaning unit of the present invention along the schematic diagram of the IV-IV direction of Fig. 2.
Fig. 6 is for showing the schematic perspective view of pickling manufacturing equipment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is delivered to pole plate the embodiment floor map of the second supply unit for showing the first supply unit of pickling manufacturing equipment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is for showing the schematic perspective view of pole plate combination manufacturing equipment integrated model form of the present invention.
Fig. 9, for after showing that the cut-off knife assembly of pole plate combination manufacturing equipment of the present invention rises, insulation material is cut into several pieces insulating trips, and the first conveying device is moved to the embodiment schematic diagram of insulating trip top.
Figure 10 is delivered to the insulating trip of absorption in the embodiment schematic diagram of tool top for showing the first conveying device of pole plate combination manufacturing equipment of the present invention.
Figure 11 is delivered to a plurality of positive plates and negative plate in the embodiment schematic diagram of tool top for showing the second conveying device of pole plate combination manufacturing equipment of the present invention.
Figure 12 forms the floor map of pole plate storehouse group for showing pole plate combination manufacturing equipment of the present invention storehouse in tool.
Figure 13 utilizes packaging machine by the floor map of tool sealing for showing pole plate combination manufacturing equipment of the present invention.
Figure 14 installs the schematic perspective view of manufacturing equipment for showing battery terminal of the present invention.
Figure 15 installs the second conveying equipment of manufacturing equipment a plurality of battery electrode groups is inserted to the embodiment schematic diagram after the first mold for showing battery terminal of the present invention.
Figure 16 installs the 3rd conveying equipment of manufacturing equipment a plurality of battery electrode groups is inserted to the embodiment schematic diagram after the second mold for showing battery terminal of the present invention.
Figure 17 installs for showing battery terminal of the present invention the embodiment schematic diagram that the battery electrode group two ends of manufacturing equipment have cast respectively the first electrode tip and the second electrode tip.
Figure 18 is for showing the forward sight floor map of packed battery box manufacturing equipment of the present invention.
Figure 19 forms for showing that second of packed battery box manufacturing equipment of the present invention is carried the embodiment forward sight planar gesture figure that shell is delivered to assembling district.
Figure 20 forms casing group in the embodiment of battery electrode group forward sight planar gesture figure for showing that second of packed battery box manufacturing equipment of the present invention is carried.
Figure 21~Figure 24 will combine the embodiment side-looking planar gesture figure of 180 ° of the battery pack upsets of shell for the turning device that shows packed battery box manufacturing equipment of the present invention.
Figure 25 is for showing the configuration stereogram of acid filling manufacturing equipment of the present invention.
Figure 26 controls the fence gate of acid filling cylinder and opens for showing the second action component of acid filling manufacturing equipment of the present invention, and battery assembly is inserted to acid filling cylinder embodiment schematic diagram.
Figure 27 controls acid filling cylinder and tilts for showing the first action component of acid filling manufacturing equipment of the present invention, allows battery assembly in cylinder fully absorb the embodiment schematic diagram of acid solution.
Figure 28 is for after showing that acid filling manufacturing equipment acid filling of the present invention completes, and the first action component is controlled the acid filling cylinder angle that tilts, and allows battery assembly be removed the embodiment schematic diagram of acid filling cylinder.
Embodiment
Those skilled in the art below coordinate Figure of description to do more detailed description to embodiments of the present invention, so that can implement according to this after studying this specification carefully.
Consult shown in Fig. 1, for horizontal battery production system provided by the invention, sequentially include: a plumbous net manufacturing equipment A, one and cream manufacturing equipment B, a positive/negative plate be coated with cream manufacturing equipment C, a pickling manufacturing equipment D, the dry manufacturing equipment E of a pole plate, a pole plate combination manufacturing equipment F, a battery terminal and manufacturing equipment G, a packed battery box manufacturing equipment H, an acid filling manufacturing equipment I, are installed change into manufacturing equipment J, and fill with cured manufacturing equipment K and pack manufacturing equipment L with one.
Wherein, described plumbous net manufacturing equipment A, be with the lead encasing press of automation at the peripheral coated plumbous material of glass fibre wire rod to form spongy lead, recycling braiding machine is compiled into plumbous net by this spongy lead with warp and parallel.
Shown in ginseng Fig. 2 to Fig. 5, of the present invention and cream manufacturing equipment B, include a board B1 who fixes on the ground, board B1 further includes the second platform B11 that one first platform B10, is positioned at the first platform B10 top, and the 3rd platform B12 that is positioned at the second platform B11 top.On the first platform B10, be equipped with one first cross track B13A, one second cross track B13B, and and two staggered long rails B14 of this two cross track; Place in orbit the Sheng bucket B6 that a plurality of belows have roller B61, utilize roller to be matched with track and make to contain bucket can be along rail moving.On board, be provided with feeding blanking unit B 2, fluid injection agitating unit B3, topple over unit B 4 and cleaning unit B5; In order to make operation have more efficiency, in the symmetric position of the extensible arrival of corresponding the first cross track B13A, two groups of feeding blanking unit B 2 are set; Symmetric position in the extensible arrival of corresponding the second cross track B13B arranges two groups of cleaning unit B5; In one end of the extensible arrival of corresponding two long rails B14, two groups of fluid injection agitating unit B3 are set; And at the other end of the extensible arrival of corresponding two long rails B14, arrange two groups and topple over unit B 4.Wherein, feeding blanking unit B 2 is located on the second platform B11 and the 3rd platform B12; Fluid injection agitating unit B3, topple over unit B 4 and be located on the first platform B10 with cleaning unit B5.
Feeding blanking unit B 2 includes to be located at ground hopper B21, and to be located at the conveyer B22 that feed bin B23 on the 3rd platform B12, connects hopper B21 and feed bin B23, and a scale bucket B24 who is located at discharging opening below corresponding feed bin; Lead powder is delivered to feed bin B23 by conveyer B22 from hopper B21 and stores, when a Sheng bucket B6 is transported to scale bucket B24 below, by inductor (not shown), automatically respond to, or manual operation mode allows quantitative lead powder drop down onto in scale bucket B24 from feed bin B23, after the weight of scale bucket B24 automatic measuring scale lead powder is errorless, Open valve drops down onto the Sheng bucket that is positioned at below.
Contained bucket B6 access after lead powder, by staff, it has been transported to fluid injection agitating unit B3 (transport path arrow A and the arrow B of ginseng Fig. 2) along the first cross track B13A and long rails B14.Described fluid injection agitating unit B3 includes the first blender 35 and a cover cap B33 that can drivenly move up and down.When contain bucket B6 corresponding to cover cap B33 under time (as shown in Figure 3), via automatic induction or manual operation mode, the first blender B35 is declined and stretch in Sheng bucket B6, and cover cap B33 covers the opening of containing bucket top, now being located at the priming device (not shown) of cover cap B33 inside injects chemical liquid quantitatively and contains in bucket and lead powder mixing, then by motor, drove for first blender B35 rotation a period of time, lead powder and chemical liquid are stirred and form lead plaster B8; After stirring completes, driven the leaving of cover cap B33 and the first blender B35 contained bucket; Then by staff by contain bucket along the longitudinal track B14 be delivered to and topple over unit B 4 (the transport path arrow C of ginseng Fig. 2).
Fig. 4 shows and the unit B 4 of toppling over of cream manufacturing equipment B includes a support body B41, and the rotary drive mechanism B42 that is located at the relative both sides of support body; Sheng bucket is transported to topples over after unit B 4, by inductor (not shown), detected the sidewall of containing bucket and making this Sheng bucket of rotary drive mechanism B42 action connection B6, and then will contain bucket rotation one angle, so that the lead plaster B8 in bucket is poured out, by being located at the through hole B121 of the first platform B10, fall into conveying device B7, conveying device B7 is delivered to lead plaster B8 next processing procedure and uses.Homing after containing lead plaster in bucket and being dumped, then by staff by contain bucket along the longitudinal track B14 be delivered to cleaning unit B5 (joining transport path arrow D and the arrow E of Fig. 2) with the second cross track B13B.
Fig. 5 shows and the cleaning unit B5 of cream manufacturing equipment B includes the second blender B53 that can drivenly move up and down.When a Sheng bucket B6 is transported to the position of corresponding the second blender B53, by inductor, detect and control the second blender B53 and be driven into and contain in bucket, by water filling device (not shown), clear water is injected and contained in bucket simultaneously, drive again the second blender B53 rotation, allow the residual lead plaster cleaning containing in bucket clean, control again and contain bucket rotation one angle, so that the waste water in bucket is poured out.After completing, staff is delivered to feeding blanking unit B 2 (transport path arrow F, arrow G and the arrow H of ginseng Fig. 2) by containing bucket along the second cross track B13B, long rails B14 and the first cross track B13A, to repeat aforesaid work flow.
Positive and negative pole plate of the present invention is coated with cream manufacturing equipment C, is, with plaster coating machine, described anode diachylon and cathode lead plaster are automatically coated respectively to described plumbous net, and to form positive plate and negative plate, this manufacturing equipment does not have icon.
Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 show the embodiment of pickling manufacturing equipment D of the present invention, include: one first supply unit D1, one second supply unit D2 and a pole plate bolster D3.Wherein, the first supply unit D1 has the movable conveyor D12 that an addressing conveyer D11 and is adjacent to the output of addressing conveyer D11; Addressing conveyer D11 and movable conveyor D12 can be a kind of conveyer belts of loopy moving; Movable conveyor D12 is articulated in ground in abutting connection with one end of addressing conveyer D11, appropriate location below movable conveyor D12 connects a Power Component D13, by Power Component D13 action, can movable conveyor D12 be supportted high or lower, make to produce angle between movable conveyor D12 and addressing conveyer D11 and change.The second supply unit D2 includes a plurality of conveyer D20 that are located at differing heights, and described conveyer is provided in a side of level substantially, and is the conveyer belt of movement capable of circulation.The preferred embodiment of pole plate bolster D3 is, at a support body, a plurality of horizontal board D35 are in the vertical direction set.
Shown in ginseng Fig. 7, the first supply unit D1 and the second supply unit D2 are arranged on fixing position, but the movable conveyor D12 of the second supply unit D2 is driven according to the setting of computer program sequentially up by Power Component D13 and reciprocally swinging down, makes the output of movable conveyor D12 corresponding to the wherein input of a conveyer D20 of the second supply unit D2.Pole plate bolster D3 is delivered to the output of the second supply unit D2 by conveying device D5 clamping suspension bracket D34, part board D35 is corresponded respectively to be positioned at each conveyer D20 of differing heights, and conveying device D5 controllable poles plate bolster D3 at vertical direction up or move down, to change the corresponding conveyer D20 of board D35 of differing heights.When storehouse pole plate D4, after operator is positioned on addressing conveyer D11 by pole plate D4, by addressing conveyer, D11 is delivered to movable conveyor D12 by pole plate D4, when the output of movable conveyor D12 corresponds to wherein a conveyer D20, it is upper that pole plate D4 is transported to conveyer D20, then by conveyer D20, is delivered on corresponding board D35.When pole plate bolster D3 has concentrated storehouse after a plurality of pole plates, conveying device D5 can be delivered to whole pole plate bolster D3 and in acid dip tank, carry out pickling processing.
Pole plate of the present invention is dried manufacturing equipment E, after being dry the concentrating of described positive and negative pole plate that pickling is completed, automatically sending in drying shed and is dried with circulating air; This manufacturing equipment does not have icon.
Fig. 8 to Figure 13 shows the embodiment of pole plate combination manufacturing equipment F of the present invention; It includes: the pole plate feeding unit F4, that the insulation material of be arranged on pole plate stack area F1 on workbench, being located at pole plate stack area F1 mono-side cuts unit F 2, be located at pole plate stack area F1 opposite side can cut the first conveying device F3 mobile between unit F 2 at pole plate stack area F1 and insulation material, and a second conveying device F5 that can move between pole plate stack area F1 and pole plate feeding unit F4.
Wherein, pole plate stack area F1 is used for making the tool F11 of horizon battery for placement one, and tool F11, between not encapsulating, has both sides and is side plate symmetrical skewed and that top is open.Insulation material cuts insulation material F21 and the cut-off knife F22 that unit F 2 includes a continuous reeling; Insulation material F21 can be pulled on workbench and launch by machine; Cut-off knife F22 drives by Power Component (not shown) the movement of carrying out vertical direction, can cut and form insulating trip F21A the insulation material F21 launching.At embodiments of the invention, described insulation material F21 is mineral wool.
The first conveying device F3 includes a plurality of vacuum cup F31 that are arranged in a straight line, vacuum cup F31 can be driven and cut translation or vertical movement between unit F 2 at pole plate stack area F1 with insulation material, in order to the insulating trip after cutting is delivered in tool F11 and places storehouse.
Pole plate feeding unit F4 is located at the opposite side of pole plate stack area F1, includes linear array and the positive plate F41 of the storehouse that is staggeredly placed (indicating the pole plate of oblique line in figure) and negative plate F42 (pole plate of figure empty).The second conveying device F5 is in order to be delivered to storehouse in tool F11 by the positive plate F41 of pole plate stack area F1 and negative plate F42.The second conveying device F5 includes by a plurality of vacuum cups, and described vacuum cup is arranged in a straight line, but out of the ordinary driven and can between pole plate stack area F1 and pole plate feeding unit F4, move horizontally or vertical movement.
Based on electrochemical action and principle, pole plate heap stack mode in tool F11 must first be placed after an insulating trip, place again a positive plate or negative plate, and then place an insulating trip, and then place a negative plate or positive plate, loop stack becomes a pole plate storehouse group according to this, and the pole plate stacking order of adjacent plate storehouse group is contrary.
Ginseng Fig. 9, insulation material of the present invention cuts unit F 2 and directly the insulation material F21 of expansion is cut out to a plurality of insulating trip F21A in a stroke of cut-off knife F22, then each vacuum cup F31 of the first conveying device F3 declines to adsorb each insulating trip F21A above being displaced to each insulating trip F21A simultaneously again, again each insulating trip F21A is delivered to tool F11 top (ginseng Figure 10), descend again each insulating trip of general who has surrendered F21A to be placed on (ginseng Figure 11) in tool F11, then make the first conveying device F3 be displaced to insulation material and cut unit F 2 and repeat aforesaid work.After insulating trip F21A is placed in tool F11, the partial vacuum sucker of the second conveying device F5 declines and adsorbs a plurality of pole plates, the pole plate being adsorbed is sequentially with negative plate F42, positive plate F41, negative plate F42 ... be staggered, then as shown in figure 11 described pole plate be delivered in tool F11 and be placed on insulating trip F21A and place; After placement completes, insulating trip F21A that the first conveying device F3 cuts another program more in the foregoing manner carries and is placed on each in tool F11 above pole plate; In this simultaneously, the second conveying device F5 repeats the program of aforementioned conveying pole plate again, but make a plurality of pole plates of absorption sequentially with positive plate F41, negative plate F42, positive plate F41 ... be staggered, then described pole plate be delivered to and in tool F11, be placed on the insulating trip F21A of storehouse on pole plate.Via aforesaid mode cycle operation, in tool F11, form several pole plate storehouse group F4A (ginseng Figure 12), and each the pole plate storehouse group F4A in tool F11 sequentially with a positive plate, an insulating trip, a negative plate, an insulating trip repeat stacked to a quantity, or sequentially with a negative plate, an insulating trip, a positive plate, an insulating trip repeat stacked to a quantity.Finally tool F11 is delivered to packaging machine F6 (ginseng Figure 13), after placing a cover plate F12 above tool F11, by two relative side guide F61 and top board F62, respectively the biside plate of tool and cover plate F12 are bestowed to pressure, heat-shaping is sealed simultaneously, to form following battery electrode group G8.
Figure 14 to Figure 17 shows the embodiment of battery terminal installation manufacturing equipment G of the present invention, at a production line, sequentially arrange and comprise one first Tuo La district G1, one first electrode tip shaping area G2, one second Tuo La district G3 and one second electrode tip shaping area G4, and between the first Tuo La district G1 and the first electrode tip shaping area G2, one first conveying equipment G5 and one second conveying equipment G6 are set, and between the first electrode tip shaping area G2 and the second electrode tip shaping area G3, one the 3rd conveying equipment G7 is set.
Wherein, the first Tuo La district G1 and the second Tuo La district G3 include respectively one first container G11 and a second container G31, and in the first container G11 and second container G31, splendid attire takes off cured GA respectively.The first electrode tip shaping area G2 is located at the rear processing procedure of the first Tuo La district G1, and this first electrode tip shaping area G2 has a plurality of first mold G21a~G21d that are arranged in a straight line.The second electrode tip shaping area G4 is located at the rear processing procedure of the second Tuo La district G3, and this second electrode tip shaping area G4 has a plurality of second mold G41a~G41d that are arranged in a straight line.First mold G21a~G21d and second mold G41a~G41d all have mechanism's (not shown) of automatic die assembly and die sinking.
Shown in ginseng Figure 14 and Figure 15, the preferred embodiment of the first conveying equipment G5, can adopt mechanical arm, or adopt pneumatic cylinder G51 to coordinate rotary cylinder G52 and the first clamper G53 group structure to form, the action that described the first clamper G53 can be clamped or decontrol by control; The first clamper G53 can control the action being rotated by rotary cylinder G52, by this, when pneumatic cylinder G51 or mechanical arm action, can utilize clamper G53 that a battery electrode group G8 who is comprised of a plurality of pole piece storehouses is clamped, by pneumatic cylinder G51 or mechanical arm, risen after a suitable height again, by rotary cylinder G52, rotate a direction again, make the battery electrode group G8 that is horizontal positioned originally be rotated into erectility; Then by the second supply unit G6 catcher, battery electrode group G8 is delivered to the first Tuo La district G1.
The preferred embodiment of the second conveying equipment G6, can adopt mechanical arm, or adopts rail type conveyer G61 to coordinate pneumatic cylinder G62, form the action that the second clamper G63 can be clamped or decontrol by control with the second clamper G63 group structure.By this, when battery electrode group G8 is rotated into erectility by the first conveying equipment G5 from level originally, the mechanical arm of the second conveying equipment G6 or rail type conveyer G61 drive pneumatic cylinder G62 to be displaced to the appropriate location that approaches the first conveying equipment G5, then pneumatic cylinder G62 action control the second clamper G63 declines, and the second clamper G63 is by after battery electrode group G8 clamping, pneumatic cylinder G62 rises, by mechanical arm or rail type conveyer G61, drive pneumatic cylinder G62 displacement again, battery electrode group G8 is moved to behind the top of the first Tuo La district G1, pneumatic cylinder G62 drives battery electrode group G8 to decline again, after making the lower end of battery electrode group G8 attach de-cured GA, by pneumatic cylinder G62, risen again, then be delivered to the first mold G21a top of the first electrode tip shaping area G2, now pneumatic cylinder G62 drives battery electrode group G8 to decline again, make the lower end of battery electrode group enter the first mold G21a interior (as shown in figure 15) of unlatching, then the first mold G21a matched moulds work of casting the first electrode tip G81 of line number minute of going forward side by side, in the time of waiting for cast electrode head, the first conveying equipment G5 and the second conveying equipment G6 constantly repeat again previous action, other battery electrode group is sequentially delivered to first mold G21b~G21d, carry out the casting of the first electrode tip G81.
When the first electrode tip shaping area G2 molds the first end of battery electrode group G8 after the first electrode tip G81, by the 3rd conveying equipment G7 catcher, battery electrode group G8 is taken out from first mold G21a~G21d, and be delivered to after the second electrode tip shaping area G4 battery electrode group G8 Rotate 180 °, allow battery electrode group G8 originally towards one end of top, transfer to downward, then sequentially each battery electrode group G8 lower end is inserted after the second Tuo La district G3 attaches de-cured GA and entered again second mold G41a~G41d, to carry out the casting (as shown in figure 16) of the second electrode tip G82.Battery electrode group G8 completes form after the first electrode tip G81 and the second electrode tip G82 casting as shown in figure 17.
The preferred embodiment of the 3rd conveying equipment G7, can adopt mechanical arm, or adopt rail type conveyer G71 to coordinate pneumatic cylinder G72, rotary cylinder G73 and the 3rd clamper G74 group structure to form, the 3rd clamper G74 can be controlled the action being rotated by rotary cylinder G73, and its manner of execution is identical with aforementioned the first conveying equipment G5 with function.
Figure 18 to Figure 24 shows the embodiment of packed battery box manufacturing equipment H of the present invention, and it includes a workbench H6, and the appropriate location of workbench H6 is provided with the through hole H61 that an aperture is greater than battery electrode group G8 Outside Dimensions.Primary importance on workbench H6 arranges one first and carries composition H1, the second place that one second conveying composition H2 is set, contiguous second carries composition H2 that one battery case conveyer H7 is set, and battery case conveyer H7 is used for the battery case H5 of horizon battery to be delivered to one by one the equipment on workbench H6.The present invention utilizes the first conveying to form H1 one battery electrode group G8 is delivered to through hole H61 by last processing procedure, and be located at the plummer H61 supporting (ginseng Figure 18) of the turning device H3 of workbench H6 below, then by the second conveying, forms H2 and one battery case H5 is delivered to through hole H61 position and is assembled in battery electrode group G8 (joining Figure 19 and Figure 20).
Consult Figure 21, the preferred embodiment of described turning device H3, to be located at workbench H6 below, it has the plummer H31 of a corresponding through hole H61 position, plummer H31 below connects trace H32, trace H32 is connected to actuating cylinder H35, controls plummer H31 rise or decline by actuating cylinder H35 via trace H32.Workbench H6 is also provided with the actuating cylinder H33 that is positioned at relative both sides below, and two are positioned in addition the rotary cylinder H342 of both sides relatively; Two actuating cylinder H33 connect respectively a pressing plate H331, and two rotary cylinder H342 connect a casing H34 via a rotating shaft H341 respectively, and two tanks H34 can be coated a battery case H5 jointly.The working method of this whirligig H3, after battery electrode group G8, to become working substance in battery case H5 cover group, by actuating cylinder H35, drive plummer H31 to drop to one appropriate location (ginseng Figure 21), workbench H6 below together with working substance, then two actuating cylinder H33 drive pressing plate H331 contact battery case H5 surface with location, by two rotary cylinder H342, drive two tanks H34 to be placed on (ginseng Figure 22) behind battery case H5 periphery more simultaneously, drive case H34 Rotate 180 ° again, and then make also Rotate 180 ° of working substance in casing H34, then drive two tanks H34 relative separation (ginseng Figure 23), by actuating cylinder H35, via trace H32, drive plummer H31 to rise again, make working substance move to workbench H6 upper surface (ginseng Figure 24), just can form H1 by the first conveying and be delivered to next processing procedure according to aforesaid mode.
Figure 25 to Figure 28 shows the embodiment of acid filling manufacturing equipment I of the present invention, a plurality of acid filling cylinder I2 that are pivoted above a base I1, and described acid filling cylinder I2 is and is arranged in row, and acid filling cylinder I2 can be rotated with respect to base I1.The be pivoted first end I31 of a plurality of the first action component I3 of the below of base I1, the second end of action component I3 is hubbed at acid filling cylinder I2, during the first action component I3 action, can control acid filling cylinder I2 and swing; In preferred embodiment of the present invention, described the first action component I3 can be pneumatic cylinder, can be also I oil hydraulic cylinder, and described first end I31 is the cylinder body of pneumatic cylinder or oil hydraulic cylinder, and the second end I32 is the cylinder axle of pneumatic cylinder or oil hydraulic cylinder.One end of acid filling cylinder I2 has a fluid inlet and outlet I21, and the other end utilizes pivot or cantilever activity that one fence gate I22 is set relatively; The outside of acid filling cylinder I2 is fixedly installed one second action component I4, and the movable part I41 pivot joint fence gate I22 of the second action component I4, can control this fence gate I22 open or close with respect to acid filling cylinder I2 by movable part I41 when action of the second action component I4.Described the second action component I4 can be pneumatic cylinder, can be also oil hydraulic cylinder, and utilizes the cylinder axle of pneumatic cylinder or oil hydraulic cylinder to be hubbed at fence gate I22.Carry out the acid filling operation of battery as shown in figure 26, aforementioned battery pole group forms battery assembly I5 after being combined in battery case, first utilize the second action component I4 to control after fence gate I22 unlatching, by conveying equipment, battery assembly I5 is pushed in acid filling cylinder I2, the second action component I4 controls fence gate I22 again and closes, then utilize air-extractor (not shown) to aim at fluid inlet and outlet I21, extract the air in acid filling cylinder I2 out formation vacuum state completely, recycling acid filling equipment injects acid solution in acid filling cylinder I2 via fluid inlet and outlet I21, at acid filling equipment, leave after fluid inlet and outlet, the first action component I3 starts action, drive acid filling cylinder I2 to rotate inclined (as shown in figure 27), allow the battery of putting in the inner fully absorb acid solution a period of time, after completing, the first action component I3 drives acid filling cylinder I2 rotation inclination one angle again, acid solution is poured out to the acid filling equipment that is back to via fluid inlet and outlet, then the first action component drives acid filling cylinder to go back to original position again, and by the second action component I4, control fence gate I22 and open, allow battery assembly I5 can be removed acid filling cylinder (as shown in figure 28), by conveying equipment, battery is delivered to next processing procedure.
The manufacturing equipment J that changes into of the present invention is that a plurality of battery assemblies that described acid discharge completed with automation equipment charge simultaneously.Fill with cured manufacturing equipment K simultaneously cured to pouring in the battery case of a plurality of described battery assemblies with automation equipment, until cured, automatically with ultrasonic waves technology, sealed after cooling, then pour into inert gas and detect and whether leak gas.Packing manufacturing equipment L packs completing to fill with after battery the assembly cured and gas leakage of detection nothing cleans again.This changes into manufacturing equipment J, fills with cured manufacturing equipment K and packs manufacturing equipment icon.
The foregoing is only to explain preferred embodiment of the present invention; not attempt is done any pro forma restriction to the present invention according to this; therefore, all have under identical creation spirit, do relevant any modification of the present invention or change, all must be included in the category that the invention is intended to protection.

Claims (7)

1. a horizontal battery production system, is characterized in that, comprises:
One plumbous net manufacturing equipment, is coated plumbous material to form spongy lead with lead encasing press in glass fibre wire rod periphery, then with braiding machine, this spongy lead is compiled into plumbous net with warp and parallel;
One and cream manufacturing equipment, with automation equipment, lead powder is mixed, stirs into anode diachylon and cathode lead plaster with necessary liquid quantitative;
One positive and negative pole plate is coated with cream manufacturing equipment, with plaster coating machine, described anode diachylon and cathode lead plaster is automatically coated respectively to described plumbous net, to form positive plate and negative plate;
One pickling manufacturing equipment, in order to a plurality of described positive plates and negative plate are concentrated on after a tool, immerses in acid solution and allows plumbous material activate;
One pole plate is dried manufacturing equipment, after dry the concentrating of described positive and negative pole plate that pickling is completed, automatically sends in drying shed and is dried with circulating air;
One pole plate combination manufacturing equipment, is sequentially combined into a battery electrode group by positive plate or negative plate, insulating trip, negative plate or positive plate storehouse with automation equipment;
One battery terminal is installed manufacturing equipment, with automation equipment, described battery electrode group two ends is molded respectively to electrode tip;
One packed battery box manufacturing equipment, is installed on the molded battery electrode group that goes out electrode tip in one battery case with automation equipment, to form a battery assembly;
One acid filling manufacturing equipment pours into acid solution with automation equipment in the battery case of this battery assembly, allows acid solution and pole plate produce electrochemical action, after waiting for a period of time, this acid solution is discharged;
One changes into manufacturing equipment, and a plurality of battery assemblies that described acid discharge completed with automation equipment charge simultaneously;
Whether one fills with cured manufacturing equipment, simultaneously cured to pouring in the battery case of a plurality of described battery assemblies with automation equipment, automatically with ultrasonic waves technology, sealed after cooling, then pour into inert gas and detect and leak gas until cured;
One packing manufacturing equipment, packs completing to fill with after battery the assembly cured and gas leakage of detection nothing cleans again.
2. horizontal battery production system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described and cream manufacturing equipment includes:
One board, this board is provided with a plurality of tracks;
A plurality of Sheng buckets, its below is provided with the roller that can coordinate described track, and making to contain bucket can be along rail moving;
At least one feeding blanking unit, be located on this board, it includes the conveyer of a hopper, a feed bin, this hopper of connection and feed bin, an and scale bucket of being located at the below of this feed bin, described conveyer is delivered to feed bin by lead powder from this hopper, by automatically induction or manual operation mode, allow quantitative lead powder drop down onto this scale bucket, after the weight of scale bucket amount scale lead powder is errorless, drop down onto the Sheng bucket that is positioned at below;
At least one fluid injection agitating unit, include a cover cap and one first blender, described cover cap is controlled and covers or do not cover a described opening of containing bucket top, and the first blender enters or do not enter in this Shengs barrel, and whether described the first blender is controlled rotates;
At least onely topple over unit, in order to the lead plaster in this Sheng bucket is poured out;
At least one cleaning unit, in order to clean the described Sheng bucket of pouring out after lead plaster.
3. horizontal battery production system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described pickling manufacturing equipment includes:
One first supply unit, has an addressing conveyer and a movable conveyor, this movable conveyor by a Power Component, driven and can and this addressing conveyer between produce angle and change;
One second supply unit, includes a plurality of conveyers that are located at differing heights;
One pole plate bolster, there are a plurality of boards that are arranged in parallel in the vertical direction, described pole plate bolster is controlled and can be risen in the vertical direction or decline by a conveying device, board is accepted corresponding to the movable conveyor of the second supply unit and by this movable conveyor, carried and next pole plate.
4. horizontal battery production system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described pole plate combination manufacturing equipment includes:
One pole plate stack area, in order to place a tool;
One insulation material cuts unit, has continuous insulation material and a cut-off knife, and this cut-off knife is driven the movement of carrying out vertical direction by Power Component, so that this insulation material is cut into a plurality of insulating trips;
One first conveying device, is delivered in this tool and places in order to the insulating trip after this is cut;
One pole plate feeding unit, has positive plate stack area and negative plate stack area;
One second conveying device, in order to being delivered to, this positive plate and negative plate in described tool, be stacked into pole plate storehouse group, each pole plate storehouse group in this tool sequentially with a positive plate, an insulating trip, a negative plate, an insulating trip repeat stacked to a quantity, or sequentially with a negative plate, an insulating trip, a positive plate, an insulating trip repeat stacked to a quantity.
5. horizontal battery production system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described battery terminal is installed manufacturing equipment and included:
One first Tuo La district, de-cured with one first container splendid attire;
One first electrode tip shaping area, is located at the rear processing procedure in this first Tuo La district, and this first electrode tip shaping area has a plurality of the first molds;
One second Tuo La district, de-cured with a second container splendid attire;
One second electrode tip shaping area, is located at the rear processing procedure in this second Tuo La district, and this second electrode tip shaping area has a plurality of the second molds;
One first conveying equipment, has one first clamper, and the action that this first clamper can be clamped by control, rotate, to rotate a direction by a battery electrode group;
One second conveying equipment, there is one second clamper, in order to from this first conveying equipment by the battery electrode group this direction of rotation be delivered to this first Tuo La district attach de-cured after, wherein one first mold that this battery electrode group is delivered to this first electrode tip shaping area is carried out to the casting of the first electrode tip;
One the 3rd conveying equipment, there is one the 3rd clamper, the action that the 3rd clamper can be clamped by control, rotate, so that this battery electrode group is rotated to a direction, the 3rd supply unit in order to from this first electrode tip shaping area by complete the battery electrode group of casting the first electrode tip be delivered to this second Tuo La district attach de-cured after, wherein one second mold that this battery electrode group is delivered to this second electrode tip shaping area is carried out to the casting of the second electrode tip.
6. horizontal battery production system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described packed battery box manufacturing equipment includes:
One workbench, has a through hole;
One first carries composition, is located at this workbench, in order to carry a battery electrode group;
One second carries composition, is located at this workbench, in order to carry a battery case, and this battery case cover is organized to described battery electrode group, to form a battery assembly;
One turning device, be located at described workbench below, it has a pair of plummer, two actuating cylinders that are positioned at relative both sides that should lead to the hole site, and two rotary cylinders that are positioned in addition relative both sides, this plummer is driven and can be moved up and down at this lead to the hole site by an actuating cylinder, and this two actuating cylinder connects respectively a pressing plate, and this two rotary cylinder connects respectively a casing, described two tanks can be coated described battery assembly jointly, and then by this rotary cylinder drive case Rotate 180 °.
7. horizontal battery production system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described acid filling manufacturing equipment includes:
One base;
At least one acid filling cylinder, is hubbed at this base, and one end of this acid filling cylinder has a fluid inlet and outlet, and the relative other end activity of acid filling cylinder arranges a fence gate;
At least one the first action component, its two ends are hubbed at respectively this base and this acid filling cylinder, control this acid filling cylinder swing with respect to described base by this first action component;
At least one the second action component, is located at this acid filling cylinder, and this fence gate that is pivoted, and controls this fence gate open or close with respect to acid filling cylinder by this second action component;
One air-extractor, extracts the gas in cylinder out in order to the fluid inlet and outlet from this acid filling cylinder;
One acid filling equipment, in order to inject acid solution in acid filling cylinder from the fluid inlet and outlet of this acid filling cylinder.
CN201010282176.2A 2010-09-15 2010-09-15 Horizontal battery production system Active CN102403539B (en)

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IN2014DN07622A (en) * 2012-12-03 2015-08-14 Shin Kobe Electric Machinery
CN103208644B (en) * 2013-03-22 2015-10-14 超威电源有限公司 A kind of accumulator pole group enters slot device
CN104852093A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-08-19 镇江市电站辅机厂有限公司 Automatic assembly production line for lead-acid storage battery
CN106486666A (en) * 2015-09-01 2017-03-08 甄占波 A kind of new lead-acid battery manufacture method
CN105513726A (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-04-20 安徽恒利机电科技有限公司 Production technology for automobile battery insulation sheets
CN105643348B (en) * 2016-03-01 2017-12-29 长兴荣力机械有限公司 A kind of pole plate docking facilities
CN106943942A (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-07-14 东莞市科锐机电设备有限公司 One kind homogenate automated system
CN108336289B (en) * 2017-12-27 2020-11-10 广州倬粤动力新能源有限公司 Horizontal battery acid filling equipment
CN108258331B (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-11-19 广州倬粤动力新能源有限公司 The installation method of horizon battery pole plate

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