CN102342240A - Laminated type soilless culturing and light-supplying device - Google Patents

Laminated type soilless culturing and light-supplying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102342240A
CN102342240A CN2011103214329A CN201110321432A CN102342240A CN 102342240 A CN102342240 A CN 102342240A CN 2011103214329 A CN2011103214329 A CN 2011103214329A CN 201110321432 A CN201110321432 A CN 201110321432A CN 102342240 A CN102342240 A CN 102342240A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling raising
growing seedlings
frame
laminated type
light source
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Pending
Application number
CN2011103214329A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王仲定
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NINGBO MEILING MOULD MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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NINGBO MEILING MOULD MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2011103214329A priority Critical patent/CN102342240A/en
Publication of CN102342240A publication Critical patent/CN102342240A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of plant soilless culture and in particular relates to a laminated type soilless culturing and light-supplying device. An illumination light source in the current soil culture box is arranged at one side in a soilless culture box and used for illuminating crops in an inclined manner, so that the light acceptance rates of the crops are obviously different and the uniform growth of the crops is influenced. The laminated type soilless culturing and light-supplying device disclosed by the invention comprises a box body shell. A seedling raising frame is arranged in the box body shell. The seedling raising frame comprises a seedling raising tray and a ventilation porous panel arranged on the seedling raising tray through a bracket. A seedling raising light source is arranged in the seedling raising frame, wherein a reflective device is arranged on the inner wall of the box body shell or the seedling raising frame; the reflective device is correspondingly arranged above the seedling raising tray; and the seedling raising light source is vertically arranged in the seedling raising bracket. The device disclosed by the invention is simple and rational in structure, convenient for assembly and disassembly, low in cost and long in service life. Simultaneously, the power of the device is supplied by using solar energy; therefore, the device saves energy and is environment-friendly and low in carbon; and the production cost of users is further reduced.

Description

Laminated type soilless culture light compensating apparatus
Technical field
The invention belongs to the plant soil-less culturing technical field, relate in particular to occasions such as being fit to family, market, hotel and office and use, refer in particular to a kind of laminated type soilless culture light compensating apparatus.
Background technology
Along with progress, the improvement of people's living conditions, the growth in the living standard of society, floriculture at home, planting vegetables becomes the generally hobby of people in modern, and the fresh vegetables of plantation not only can be used to view and admire, and simultaneously, also can supply people edible.Because people's rhythm of life faster, do not have the plantation of fetching earth of too many time yet, people in modern tends to adopt the method for soilless culture to plant.
It is with respect to there being soil cultivation, the cleaner health of soilless culture, and maintenance work is easy; But because tradition receives the influence of traditional soilless culture method, the radiation source in the soilless culture case often is arranged on crop top; And face crop and shine, perhaps radiation source is arranged on a side in the soilless culture case, at a slant crop is shone; Thus, will cause the light rate that receives of crop evident difference to occur, influence the unified growth of crop.
Someone designs the utility model patent of a clean vegetables soilless culture case by name, and its patent No. is: 99231688.X, its Granted publication number are: CN 2371793Y.Mainly be that the whole outside of main tank frame is covered by cladding material; Some placement dish for cultivating layers are arranged in the casing; Each interlayer is gradient, and is communicated with the bottom fluid storage tank through low limit return duct, by water pump the liquid in the fluid storage tank is passed to the apopore ejection on each interlayer through pipeline; Be placed with heating tube in the fluid storage tank, tapping valve is arranged at the bottom.Mainly solve the soilless culture of crop and concentrated management, simultaneously, also solved the with serious pollution problem of original source of manure, reduced damage by disease and insect and remains of pesticide amount.But can find out from above-mentioned patent specification part and Figure of description part; Its above-mentioned illumination lamp is arranged on the middle part of dish for cultivating, thus, will cause the light rate that receives of crop evident difference to occur; Influence the unified growth of crop, gathering for the later stage is unified impacts.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is for being directed against the problems referred to above; It is a kind of simple in structure that the spy provides; Be convenient to make,, make the side of crop also can shine light through will grow seedlings light source reflection or scatter to crop of minute surface reflection or diffuse reflection; Thereby make crop integral body receive light balanced, the laminated type soilless culture light compensating apparatus that growth can be unified basically.
For this reason, the present invention plants laminated type soilless culture light compensating apparatus, includes cabinet shell; Be provided with the frame of growing seedlings in its cabinet shell, this frame of growing seedlings includes seedling-cultivating tray and is erected at the air vent panel on the seedling-cultivating tray through propping up, and is provided with the light source of growing seedlings in its frame of growing seedlings; Wherein, The above-mentioned cabinet shell inwall or the frame of growing seedlings are provided with reflex reflector, and this reflex reflector correspondence is arranged on the top of seedling-cultivating tray, and the said light source of growing seedlings is vertically set in the frame of growing seedlings.The position of its reflex reflector can be adjusted according to crop sequences, and its light source of growing seedlings is arranged on the middle part of the frame of growing seedlings, and to reach the reflective effect of abundant raising reflex reflector, makes crop can keep unified basically growth rate.
As optimization, above-mentioned reflex reflector is two-way mirror or reflective sheeting or plastic plating sheet or above-mentioned two or more combination.So design can require to select according to the difference reflection of Different Crop, to select the reflective surface of comparatively suitable reflectorized material as reflex reflector for use.
As optimization, the reflective surface of above-mentioned reflex reflector is smooth reflective surface or coarse reflective surface.So design can realize directional light irradiation or indiscriminate diffuse reflection irradiation according to the needs of practical operation, to guarantee that crop grows according to set scheme.
As optimization, above-mentioned cabinet shell be shaped as cuboid or cylinder.So design requires or is provided with the requirement of annular reflex reflector with further raising exposure rate with requirement or the sight that satisfies the place.
As optimization, the above-mentioned light source of growing seedlings links to each other with solar energy photovoltaic device through power lead.So design is the power supply of light source of growing seedlings if adopt solar energy photovoltaic device, can reduce its planting cost greatly, is easy to promote.
As optimization, above-mentioned cabinet shell simultaneously is provided with the sliding door hinged with it.So design, the frame shift-in of being convenient to grow seedlings shifts out.
Beneficial effect of the present invention, simple and reasonable for structure, be convenient to dismounting, cost is low, long service life, simultaneously, the present invention adopts solar powered, and energy-saving and environmental protection, low-carbon (LC) further reduce user's production cost.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is equipped with the perspective view of reflex reflector for cuboid box body case of the present invention;
Fig. 2 dissects perspective view for rectangular box shell of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a reflex reflector amplification profile one of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a reflex reflector amplification profile two of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is equipped with the perspective view of reflex reflector for the cuboid of the present invention frame of growing seedlings;
Fig. 6 is equipped with the perspective view of reflex reflector for cylinder cabinet shell of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is equipped with the perspective view of reflex reflector for the cylinder of the present invention frame of growing seedlings.
Among the figure, 1 is cabinet shell, and 2 are the frame of growing seedlings, and 3 is seedling-cultivating tray, and 4 is support, and 5 is ventilation front plate, and 6 are the light source of growing seedlings, and 7 is reflex reflector, and 8 are sliding door, and 9 is solar energy photovoltaic device, and 10 is fixture.
Embodiment
Embodiment one: as shown in Figure 1; Profile of the present invention is that four faces of cabinet shell 1 inwall of cuboid are provided with reflex reflector 7 by the vertical direction equidistance; This reflex reflector 7 is that shaggy plastic is electroplated sheet; Can the light source 6 of growing seedlings be reflected with irreflexive mode, can guarantee that crop side all angles can both obtain illumination.Its plastic is electroplated both sides, sheet top and is fixed on the inwall of cabinet shell 1 through fixture 10.
As shown in Figure 2, the plastic that is fixed on cabinet shell 1 inwall through fixture 10 is electroplated the side top that sheet is positioned at seedling-cultivating tray 3, and corresponding with seedling-cultivating tray 3 four directions.Its light source 6 of growing seedlings is that the said light source 6 of growing seedlings is vertically set in the frame 2 of growing seedlings through solar energy photovoltaic device 9 power supplies, and its ventilation front plate 5 and seedling-cultivating tray 3 middle parts have the through hole of coaxial correspondence, and the above-mentioned light source 6 of growing seedlings is vertically set in the above-mentioned through hole.The said light source 6 of growing seedlings of present embodiment is the electricity-saving lamp of strip.
The ventilation front plate 5 that is arranged on frame 2 tops of the growing seedlings circulation of air in the frame 2 that helps to grow seedlings, and can play the adjusting action of temperature.
Grow seedlings frame 2 of present embodiment adopts stepped constructions, and each seedling-cultivating tray 3 is erected on another seedling-cultivating tray 3 through support 4, and its ventilation front plate 5 is also to be to be arranged on the seedling-cultivating tray 3 of the top through support 4.
Shown in Fig. 3 and 4; Reflex reflector 7 of the present invention can adopt the illumination of minute surface reflective also can adopt the diffuse reflection reverberation to shine; The reflex reflector 7 of present embodiment is that shaggy plastic is electroplated sheet, and promptly as shown in Figure 3, the reflection mode that its plastic is electroplated sheet is irreflexive reflection.
As shown in Figure 2, cabinet shell 1 one side is provided with the sliding door hinged with it 8.
Embodiment two: as shown in Figure 5, structure is basic identical shown in present embodiment structure and the embodiment one, and different is, present embodiment reflex reflector 7 is arranged on the frame 2 of growing seedlings, and its reflex reflector 7 is the smooth two-way mirror of reflective surface.
Grow seedlings frame 2 of present embodiment is stepped construction; Above-mentioned two-way mirror is fixed on the seedling-cultivating tray 3 cubic sides through fixture 10; Corresponding with the seedling culture space of following one deck, its superiors' seedling-cultivating tray 3 pairing two-way mirrors are fixed on the cubic side of ventilation front plate 5 at frame 2 tops of growing seedlings.The above-mentioned light source 6 of growing seedlings is arranged on the middle part of the frame 2 of growing seedlings, and through seedling-cultivating tray 3.
As shown in Figure 4, the mode that the present embodiment two-way mirror reflects the light source 6 of growing seedlings is the minute surface reflection.
Embodiment three: as shown in Figure 6, present embodiment structure and embodiment one are basic identical, and different is that the present embodiment cabinet shell 1 and the frame 2 of growing seedlings are cylindrical structure, above-mentioned reflex reflector 7 corresponding every layer of seedling-cultivating tray 3 annular equal distribution.
Above-mentioned reflex reflector 7 is the smooth reflective sheeting of reflective surface, and is as shown in Figure 6, and reflective sheeting is uniformly distributed with through fixture 10 horizontal annular and vertical equidistance is arranged on cabinet shell 1 inwall.
As shown in Figure 4, the reflection mode of present embodiment is the minute surface reflection.
Embodiment four: as shown in Figure 7, present embodiment structure and embodiment three are basic identical, and different is that present embodiment reflex reflector 7 is fixed on the frame 2 of growing seedlings through fixture 10.Its power supply mode adopts solar energy photovoltaic device 9 power supplies.
Above-mentioned reflex reflector 7 is distributed on the periphery of seedling-cultivating tray 3, and the seedling-cultivating tray 3 of one deck under every layer of device correspondence of giving out light, the reflex reflector 7 of the seedling-cultivating tray 3 of its superiors are fixed on the periphery of ventilation front plate 5 at frame 2 tops of growing seedlings.
The light source 6 of growing seedlings of present embodiment is arranged on the middle part of frame 2 of growing seedlings, and runs through seedling-cultivating tray 3.

Claims (6)

1. laminated type soilless culture light compensating apparatus; Include cabinet shell, be provided with the frame of growing seedlings in its cabinet shell, this frame of growing seedlings includes seedling-cultivating tray and is erected at the air vent panel on the seedling-cultivating tray through propping up; Be provided with the light source of growing seedlings in its frame of growing seedlings; It is characterized in that: the said cabinet shell inwall or the frame of growing seedlings are provided with reflex reflector, and this reflex reflector correspondence is arranged on the top of seedling-cultivating tray, and the said light source of growing seedlings is vertically set in the frame of growing seedlings.
2. laminated type soilless culture light compensating apparatus according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said reflex reflector is two-way mirror or reflective sheeting or plastic plating sheet or above-mentioned two or more combination.
3. laminated type soilless culture light compensating apparatus according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the reflective surface of said reflex reflector is smooth reflective surface or coarse reflective surface.
4. laminated type soilless culture light compensating apparatus according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said cabinet shell be shaped as cuboid or cylinder.
5. laminated type soilless culture light compensating apparatus according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the said light source of growing seedlings links to each other with solar energy photovoltaic device through power lead.
6. according to claim 1 or 4 described laminated type soilless culture light compensating apparatus, it is characterized in that: said cabinet shell simultaneously is provided with the sliding door hinged with it.
CN2011103214329A 2011-10-21 2011-10-21 Laminated type soilless culturing and light-supplying device Pending CN102342240A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103214329A CN102342240A (en) 2011-10-21 2011-10-21 Laminated type soilless culturing and light-supplying device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103214329A CN102342240A (en) 2011-10-21 2011-10-21 Laminated type soilless culturing and light-supplying device

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103039343A (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-04-17 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Light-reflecting soilless culture plate and culture frame with same
CN103535255A (en) * 2013-07-25 2014-01-29 魏延恕 Modular soilless culture device
CN104904584A (en) * 2015-05-16 2015-09-16 周晚来 Plant cultivation device
CN105393905A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-16 爱盛生物科技(上海)有限公司 Soilless cultivating system and optical reflection and air-flow control apparatus
CN106212257A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-12-14 四川新生启航农业科技有限公司 A kind of seedling culture device and breeding method
CN107646387A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-02-02 贵州省园艺研究所 A kind of photovoltaic LED Intelligent supplemental lighting method of vegetables nursery
CN114543039A (en) * 2022-02-17 2022-05-27 哈尔滨新光光电科技股份有限公司 Light supplementing system and light supplementing array for global three-dimensional planting

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CN1552180A (en) * 2003-12-19 2004-12-08 章永泰 Assembled plant culturing apparatus

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CN2116343U (en) * 1992-03-13 1992-09-23 单学林 Stereoscopic non-soil cultivation room for vegetable and flower of household
CN2399927Y (en) * 1999-12-13 2000-10-11 霍志忠 Machine for plant cultivation without soil
JP2003310069A (en) * 2002-04-22 2003-11-05 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Plant culture apparatus for ship and method for using the same
CN2652122Y (en) * 2003-09-29 2004-11-03 夏鹏翔 Household vegetable cultivating device
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103039343A (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-04-17 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Light-reflecting soilless culture plate and culture frame with same
CN103535255A (en) * 2013-07-25 2014-01-29 魏延恕 Modular soilless culture device
CN103535255B (en) * 2013-07-25 2016-12-28 魏延恕 Modularity cultivation apparatus without soil
CN104904584A (en) * 2015-05-16 2015-09-16 周晚来 Plant cultivation device
CN105393905A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-16 爱盛生物科技(上海)有限公司 Soilless cultivating system and optical reflection and air-flow control apparatus
CN106212257A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-12-14 四川新生启航农业科技有限公司 A kind of seedling culture device and breeding method
CN107646387A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-02-02 贵州省园艺研究所 A kind of photovoltaic LED Intelligent supplemental lighting method of vegetables nursery
CN114543039A (en) * 2022-02-17 2022-05-27 哈尔滨新光光电科技股份有限公司 Light supplementing system and light supplementing array for global three-dimensional planting
CN114543039B (en) * 2022-02-17 2023-05-30 哈尔滨新光光电科技股份有限公司 Light supplementing system and light supplementing array for global three-dimensional planting

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Application publication date: 20120208