CN102318567A - Device for detecting activity level, repose time and body temperature of milch cow - Google Patents

Device for detecting activity level, repose time and body temperature of milch cow Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102318567A
CN102318567A CN201110171385A CN201110171385A CN102318567A CN 102318567 A CN102318567 A CN 102318567A CN 201110171385 A CN201110171385 A CN 201110171385A CN 201110171385 A CN201110171385 A CN 201110171385A CN 102318567 A CN102318567 A CN 102318567A
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module
cow
temperature
terminal
detecting
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CN201110171385A
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张宪刚
李法德
王冉冉
田富洋
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山东农业大学
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Abstract

The invention relates to a device for detecting activity level, repose time and body temperature of milch cow, which comprises a terminal collecting device and an upper computer system, wherein the terminal collecting device comprises a passive radio frequency module, a wireless communication module, an information detecting part, a singlechip system and a battery; and the upper computer system comprises a PC (Personal Computer), a radio receiving and transmitting module and a radio frequency receiving module. According to the invention, data of the activity level, the repose time and the body temperature of the milch cow are recorded by the terminal collecting device which is arranged on the legs or neck of a milch cow; related information of the milch cow is subject to wireless transmission by the connection of the terminal collecting device and the upper computer system; the assistant monitoring of the rut and the state of health of the milch cow is realized; and defects in the prior art are overcome; and the operation is simple.

Description

一种用于检测奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温的装置 A method of detecting the amount of active cow, lying time and means for temperature

[0001](一)技术领域 [0001] (a) Technical Field

本发明涉及一种检测动物行为的系统,具体涉及一种检测奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温的装置。 The present invention relates to a system for detecting the behavior of animals, particularly cows relates to an apparatus for detecting the amount of activity, body temperature and time lying.

[0002] (二)背景技术 [0002] (ii) Background Art

准确的发情诊断是提高奶牛繁殖率的重要技术环节。 Accurate diagnosis is to improve dairy cattle breeding estrus rate of important technical aspects. 通常依靠人工观察的方法进行初步的发情诊断,对于规模较大的牛群,人工观察方法很容易出现遗漏,而且不能判断开始发情的时间。 Often rely on manual observation method of estrus preliminary diagnosis for larger herds, manual observation method is prone to miss, but can not determine the start time of estrus. 奶牛在开始发情后12小时左右配种的受胎率最高,因而确定发情开始的时间对于提高奶牛的受胎率极为重要。 Cows at the highest pregnancy rate of about 12 hours after the start of breeding estrus, estrus and thus determine the time to start is extremely important for improving the conception rate of cows.

[0003] 目前生产中基本采用人工观察的方法进行奶牛发情的初步诊断,然后经过直肠检查对初步诊断发情的牛只进行确诊。 [0003] The current production in the basic use of artificial methods to observe the preliminary diagnosis of cows in heat, and then after the initial diagnosis of rectal examination estrus cows were only diagnosed. 人工观察方法依靠发情牛只接受其他牛只爬跨后站立不动(站立发情症状)进行初步诊断,由于其他牛只爬跨发情牛只的时间无法确定,牛只的发情时间亦无法确定。 The method relies on manual observation of estrus cows other cows after receiving Pa Kua standing still (standing estrus) initial diagnosis, due to other cattle estrus cows Pa Kua time can not be determined, the cow's estrus also can not be determined. 人工观察方法还容易出现遗漏观察,一是部分牛只有隐性发情现象, 二是不能保证所有发情牛只都能被观察到。 Manual observation method also prone to missing observation, one cow only partially hidden estrus phenomenon, the second is no guarantee that all cows in heat can be observed. 一项对370头牛人工观察发情诊断的统计结果表明,发情牛只出现站立发情症状的比例为90%左右,对于有站立发情症状的牛只,通过技术人员每天巡视一次,在早、中或晚巡视的检出率分别为53%、9%和26%,而每天早中晚各巡视一次的总检出率可以达到88%。 The results of a survey of 370 head of cattle estrus diagnostic manual observation showed that the proportion of estrus cows standing estrus symptoms appear is about 90%, for cattle have standing estrus only by technical personnel inspected once a day, in the morning, or late detection rate of 53% of visits, 9% and 26%, while the inspection day early in the evening once a detection rate of 88% can be achieved. 因此,在要求技术人员每天巡视3次的情况下,检出率最高可以达到80% (0.9X0. 88)左右,有20%的发情牛不能检出。 Thus, in the case of skill in claim 3 visits per day, the highest detection rate can reach about 80% (0.9X0. 88), 20% estrus cow can not be detected. 在牛群较大或技术人员责任心不强的情况下,检出率更低。 In larger herds or strong sense of responsibility in the art, the lower the detection rate.

[0004](三)发明内容 [0004] (iii) Disclosure of the Invention

为了解决上述技术问题,降低通过人工观察奶牛爬跨来判断奶牛发情所消耗的大量人力和物力,本发明的目的是提供一种检测奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温的装置,通过安置在奶牛腿部或颈部的终端采集装置对奶牛活动量、静卧时间及体温的进行数据记录;通过终端采集装置与上位机系统的连接对奶牛相关信息进行无线传输,实现对奶牛发情期和奶牛健康状况的辅助监测,克服了已有技术存在的不足,操作简单。 To solve the above problems, a lot of manpower and material resources by reducing human observation to determine cow estrus cow intromission consumed, object of the present invention to provide a method for detecting the amount of active cow, lying time and temperature of the device, by placing the cow leg or neck of the cow terminal collecting apparatus amount of activity, body temperature and time lying recording data; host computer system connected to the wireless transmission of information through the terminal cow collecting apparatus, and realize the cow estrus cow health auxiliary monitor the situation, to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, easy to operate.

[0005] 本发明的技术方案如下: [0005] aspect of the present invention is as follows:

一种用于检测奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温的装置,包括终端采集装置和上位机系统两部分组成。 A method of detecting activity for dairy cows, lying time and temperature apparatus, comprising a terminal part of two collecting apparatus and a host computer system.

[0006] 所述的终端采集装置由无源射频模块、无线通讯模块、信息检测部分、单片机系统和电池构成。 According to [0006] the terminal apparatus by a passive radio frequency acquisition module, a wireless communication module, the information detecting section, and a battery microcontroller system configuration. 其中: among them:

所述的无源射频模块是市售的任何一种中远距离的无源射频卡或者电子标签。 The passive RF module is any one of commercially available long-range passive radio frequency card or an electronic label. 每个无源射频卡或电子标签具有唯一的电子编码,用来标示不同奶牛牛号。 Each passive radio frequency card or an electronic tag has a unique electronic code to mark a number of different bovine cows.

[0007] 所述的无线通讯模块是市售的任何一种集发射单元和接收单元于一体的低功耗无线传输模块,其中,无线通讯模块的发射端连接到单片机的接收数据输出端口,无线通讯模块的接收端连接到单片机的传输数据输入端口。 [0007] The wireless communication module is any commercially available a set of transmitting and receiving units in one of the low-power wireless transmission module, wherein the transmitting end is connected to the wireless communication module receives the data output port of the microcontroller, the radio receiving end of the communication module is connected to the input port of the transmission data of the microcontroller. 其功能是收到上位机系统的无线收发模块发出的信号后,将终端采集装置采集到的奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温数据发送到上位机系统,完成与上位机系统的双向通讯。 After the received signal which is a function of the host computer system is sent by wireless transceiver module, the amount of active cow means acquired collection terminals, repose transmission time and temperature data to the host computer system, complete two-way communication with the host computer system. [0008] 所述的信息检测部分包括市售的低功耗振动传感器、姿态传感器和PT1000,其中, 振动传感器的信号输出端连接到单片机的I/O端口,将奶牛活动量转换为脉冲电信号,采集奶牛的活动量;姿态传感器的信号输出端连接到单片机的不同于振动传感器的I/O端口,将奶牛静卧时间转换成电信号,采集奶牛的静卧时间;PT1000的信号输出端连接到单片机的AD转换端口,将奶牛的体温转换为电信号,采集奶牛的体温。 Information detecting section [0008] of the commercially available low-power comprises a vibration sensor, an attitude sensor and PT1000, wherein the vibration sensor signal output is connected to the microcontroller I / O port, converts the electrical signal pulse cow activity amount the amount of active acquisition cows; the posture sensor signal output is connected to the vibration sensor is different from the microcontroller I / O port, cows lying time into an electrical signal, the acquisition time of the cow lying; PT1000 is connected to the signal output terminal AD conversion port of the microcontroller, the body temperature of the cow into an electrical signal, the acquired temperature cows.

[0009] 所述的终端采集装置中的单片机系统是市售的低功耗单片机,其工作模式是中断触发模式。 SCM system terminal [0009] The collection device is a commercially available low-power microcontroller, its mode of interrupt trigger mode. 单片机是本系统的核心部分,其功能是对信息检测部分检测到的奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温数据进行处理,控制无线通讯模块的唤醒,进而控制数据的发送和接收。 SCM is the core of the system, its function is cow activity information detected by the detection section, lying time and temperature data is processed, the wireless communication module wakeup control, thereby controlling the transmission and reception of data.

[0010] 所述的电池是市售3 V或者3. 6 V电池,其功能是向单片机、振动传感器、姿态传感器和PT1000、无线通讯模块提供电源。 [0010] The battery 3 V are commercially available or 3. 6 V battery, which provides power to the microcontroller functions, a vibration sensor, an attitude sensor and PT1000, wireless communication module.

[0011] 所述的终端采集装置安装在具有防水、防震、防冲击功能的密封盒内,可佩戴在奶牛的腿部或颈部,PTlOOO的感温端暴露在密封盒外并与奶牛皮肤贴紧,奶牛佩戴密封盒后, PTlOOO的感温端需能够紧贴奶牛的皮肤。 Collecting apparatus mounting terminal [0011] In the waterproof, shockproof, sealed capsule anti-shock function can be worn on the leg or neck of the cow, the temperature sensing end PTlOOO exposed skin and affixed to the outer seal cartridge cows tight, sealed cartridge cows wear, temperature needs to be able to PTlOOO end close to the skin of the cow.

[0012] 所述的上位机系统由PC机、无线收发模块和射频接收模块构成的;其中:无线收发模块的信号输出端口通过485总线与PC机的串口或者USB 口连接;射频接收模块的输出端口通过485总线与PC机的串口或者USB 口连接,终端采集装置的无线通讯模块与上位机系统的无线收发模块进行无线通讯,终端采集装置的无源射频模块与上位机系统的射频接收模块进行射频通讯。 PC System [0012] by the PC, and a wireless transceiver module consisting of a radio frequency receiver module; wherein: a signal output port connected to wireless transceiver module 485 and via the PC serial or USB port; an output of the RF receiver module port, a passive radio frequency module of the terminal with the collecting apparatus is a radio frequency receiver module via the host computer system 485, wireless communication module collecting terminal apparatus wirelessly communicating with the serial or USB port to connect a PC to the wireless transceiver module of the host computer system RF communications.

[0013] 所述的无线收发模块是市售的任何一种集发射单元和接收单元于一体的无线传输模块。 [0013] The wireless transceiver module is a set of any commercially available transmitting unit and receiving unit in one of the wireless transmission module. 其功能是向终端采集装置的无线通讯模块发出信号,接收无线通讯模块发送的活动量、静卧时间和体温数据,完成与终端采集装置的双向通讯。 Its function is to collect wireless communication module to the terminal device emits a signal, receiving the amount of activity of the wireless communication module transmits, supine time and temperature data, complete two-way communication with the terminal device is acquired.

[0014] 所述的射频接收模块是市售的射频卡或者电子标签识别器。 The RF receiver module according to [0014] are commercially available RF card or electronic tag reader. 其功能是当佩戴终端采集装置的奶牛经过挤奶或者补饲时候的必经通道时,读取终端采集装置中无源射频模块的信号,读出奶牛牛号,并通过485协议发送给PC机。 Its function when the wearer is collected through the terminal apparatus cow during milking or feeding time must pass through the channel, a passive radio frequency module reading terminal signal acquisition apparatus, reads out the number bovine cows, and sent to the PC 485 via protocol .

[0015] 使用本发明时,将无线收发模块安装于奶牛养殖场的空旷地带,通过485协议连接到PC机,由于无线收发模块的检测距离大于300 m,因此可以随时接收到终端采集装置发出的无线信号。 [0015] When using the present invention, the wireless transceiver module is attached to the open area dairy farms connected to the PC through 485 protocol, since the detection range radio module is larger than 300 m, and therefore may be received at any time to the terminal collecting apparatus emitted wireless signal.

[0016] 将终端采集装置安装在具有防水、防震、防冲击功能的密封盒内,然后将其佩戴在奶牛的腿部或颈部,信息检测部分将奶牛的活动量、静卧时间和体温转换为电信号,由单片机进行数据处理,并存储到单片机数据寄存器中,通过程序设置,存储几组数据后,由单片机唤醒终端采集装置的无线通讯模块,并通过无线通讯方式将所有数据传送至上位机系统,然后无线通讯模块继续休眠,单片机数据寄存器中数据清零。 [0016] A terminal installed in a sealed capsule collecting apparatus having a waterproof, shock, shock function, then worn on the leg or neck, the amount of information detection section cow activity cows lying time and temperature conversion an electrical signal, the data processing performed by the microcontroller, the microcontroller and the data stored in the register set by a program, after several sets of data stored by the wireless communication module of the terminal device wakes-collecting apparatus, and all the data transfer via the radio communication manner to the upper systems, wireless communication module then continues to sleep, the microcontroller data register data is cleared.

[0017] 将射频接收模块安装于奶牛挤奶或者补饲时候的必经通道上,当佩戴终端采集装置的奶牛经过射频接收模块时,读取无源射频模块的信号,读出奶牛牛号,并通过485协议发送给PC机,PC机通过得到的奶牛牛号,调出该奶牛每一段时间的活动量、静卧时间和体温数据,利用上位机管理软件对数据进行分析,实现对奶牛发情期和奶牛健康状况的辅助监测。 [0017] The RF receiving module attached to the feeding or when milking the cows must pass through the passage, when the cow wearing the terminal apparatus through a radio frequency receiver acquisition module, a read signal of a passive radio frequency module, bovine cows readout numbers, and sent over 485 protocol to the PC, the PC by cows cattle numbers get, bring the volume of activity per cow a period of repose time and temperature data, use PC management software for data analysis, realization of cows in heat assist the monitoring period and cow health.

[0018] 由于上位机系统中,射频接收模块和无线收发模块是通过485协议与PC机连接的,使用的是9600的波特率,因此理论传输距离超过1.2 km, PC机可以放在距离射频接收模块和无线收发模块小于该范围之内的任意房间里。 [0018] Since the host computer system, the RF receiver module and the wireless transceiver module is connected to the PC through 485 protocol, using a 9600 baud rate, and therefore the theoretical transmission distance exceeds 1.2 km, the PC can be placed from the radio wireless transceiver module and a receiving module is smaller than any room within the range in.

[0019] 本发明的有益效果在于: [0019] Advantageous effects of the present invention:

本发明提供的一种检测奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温的装置,克服了现有技术中存在的问题,第一,该检测装置安装方便,操作简单,可实现奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温快速、 方便的测量;第二,该检测装置由于采用低功耗休眠工作方式,所以普通电池能够持续工作一年左右,降低了成本,并具有防水、防震、防冲击功能,提高了装置的使用寿命;第三,该检测装置具有奶牛身份识别功能,由于采用无线技术,可远距离实现对奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温的监测,从而降低了以往观测奶牛发情所消耗的人力和物力;第四,可以开发专用分析软件并建立相关数据库,使用户更方便及时地了解奶牛发情期及奶牛健康状况。 A method of detecting the amount of cows present invention provides active, lying time and temperature of the device, overcomes the problems in the prior art, first, the detecting device easy to install, easy to operate, cow amount of activity can be realized, time supine temperature and rapid, easy measurement; second, thanks to the detecting means low-power sleep mode of operation, it is possible to continue to work ordinary batteries a year, reducing costs, and has a waterproof, shock, shock function, improved apparatus life; third, the detecting device having a cow identification function, the use of wireless technology can be implemented remotely cows amount of activity, body temperature monitoring and supine time, thereby reducing the human observer cows conventional heat consumed and material resources; fourth, we can develop special software and the establishment of relevant databases, allowing users more convenient and timely understanding of estrus cows and cow health.

[0020](四)附图说明 [0020] (iv) Brief Description

以下结合附图和具体实施方式来进一步说明本发明。 The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

[0021] 图1为本发明的整体结构框图。 [0021] FIG. 1 a block diagram showing the overall configuration of the present invention.

[0022] 图2为本发明终端采集装置的结构示意图。 [0022] Fig 2 a schematic view of the structure of the terminal apparatus of the present invention is collected.

[0023] 图3为本发明终端采集装置的电路图。 [0023] FIG 3 a circuit diagram of a terminal apparatus of the present invention is collected.

[0024] 图中1.上位机系统,2. PC机,3.射频接收模块,4.电池,5.终端采集装置,6.单片机系统,7.信息检测部分,8.无源射频模块,9.无线通讯模块,10.无线收发模块,11.振动传感器,12.姿态传感器,13. PT1000,14密封盒。 [0024] FIG 1. PC system, 2. PC machine, 3. RF receiving module 4 battery 5. Collection terminal apparatus 6 SCM system 7 information detecting portion 8 Passive RF module, 9. The wireless communication module 10. The wireless transceiver module 11 vibration sensor 12 posture sensor, 13. PT1000,14 seal box.

[0025](五)具体实施方式现结合附图介绍本发明的实施例。 [0025] (v) DETAILED DESCRIPTION Referring now described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of embodiments of the present invention.

[0026] 如图所示,由PC机2和与PC机2连接在一起的无线收发模块10、射频接收模块3 构成了上位机系统1 ;由无源射频模块8、无线通讯模块9、信息检测部分7、单片机系统6和电池4构成了终端采集装置5,上位机系统1中的无线收发模块10是市售的任何一种集发射单元和接收单元于一体的无线传输模块,其信号输出端口通过485总线与PC机2的串口或者USB 口连接,上位机系统1中的射频接收模块3是市售的射频卡或者电子标签识别器, 其信号输出端口通过485总线与PC机2的串口或者USB 口连接。 [0026] As shown, the connection from the PC 2 and the PC 2 together with the wireless transceiver module 10, a radio frequency receiver module 3 constitutes a host computer system; a passive radio frequency module 8, wireless communication module 9, the information detecting section 7, the SCM system 6 and 4 constitute a battery terminal wireless transceiver module collecting apparatus 5, the host computer system 1 10 is any commercially available a set of transmitting and receiving units in one of the radio transmission module output signal port 485 is connected to the PC via serial port or USB port 2, a host computer system in a radio frequency receiver module 3 are commercially available RF card or electronic tag identifier, which signal output port 485 through the serial bus and the PC 2 or USB port connection.

[0027] 终端采集装置5的无线通讯模块9也是市售的任何一种集发射单元和接收单元于一体的无线传输模块,它的发射端连接到单片机的接收数据输入端口,接收端连接到单片机的传输数据数出端口,并由单片机控制相关数据的发送和接收。 [0027] The collecting apparatus 5 of the terminal wireless communication module 9 are also commercially available set of any one of the transmitting unit and receiving unit in one of the radio transmission module, which is connected to the transmitter receives data input port of the microcontroller, the microcontroller is connected to the receiving end a data transmission port number, the MCU controls the transmission and reception of data. 由振动传感器11,姿态传感器12和PT100013构成了信息检测部分7,它时刻检测奶牛的活动量、静卧时间和体温状况,其中振动传感器11的信号输出端连接到单片机的I/O端口,姿态传感器12的信号输出端连接到单片机的不同于振动传感器的I/O端口,PT1000 13的信号输出端连接到单片机的AD转换端口。 By the vibration sensor 11, the posture sensor 12 and the amount of movement information constitute PT100013 detection section 7 which detects the time of the cow, the time and temperature conditions lying, wherein the vibration sensor signal output terminal 11 is connected to the microcontroller I / O port, gesture signal output terminal 12 is connected to the sensor is different from the vibration sensor microcontroller I / O port, a signal output terminal connected to the microcontroller PT1000 13 AD conversion port. 信息检测部分7将奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温转换成电信号,存储在单片机的数据存储器。 Information detecting section 7 cows amount of activity, body temperature and time lying memory is converted into an electrical signal data stored in the microcontroller. 单片机系统6采用的是静态低功耗控制器,工作模式为中断触发模式。 6 SCM system uses a low-power static controller, interrupt trigger mode to work mode. 电池4是市售3V或者3. 6V电池,为单片机系统6、无线通讯模块9、信息检测部分7提供电源。 4 is a commercially available battery or 3. 6V 3V batteries, 6, wireless communication module 9, the information detection portion 7 provide power to the microcontroller system. 终端采集装置安装在具有防水、防震、防冲击功能的密封盒14内,可佩戴在奶牛的腿部或颈部。 Terminal collecting apparatus mounted in the sealing box having a waterproof, shock, shock function 14, can be worn on the leg or neck of the cow. PT1000 13的感温端暴露在密封盒外并与奶牛皮肤贴紧,奶牛佩戴密封盒后, PT100013的感温端需能够紧贴奶牛的皮肤。 Temperature sensing end PT1000 13 is exposed in close contact with the cow and the outer skin sealed cartridge, the cartridge seal wear cow, the temperature sensing end PT100013 needs can be close to the skin of the cow.

[0028] 本发明设有数据处理与存储、数据通讯和数据采集等功能。 [0028] The present invention is provided with a data processing and storage, data communication and data acquisition functions. 数据存储可采用片内存储器或片外存储器;数据通讯采用无线传输进行单片机与PC机的通讯。 The data can be stored in a memory chip or a memory chip; data communications using wireless transmission microcontroller to communicate with the PC. 采用的技术方案:将上位机系统的无线收发模块安装于奶牛养殖场的空旷地带,终端采集装置安置在奶牛腿部或颈部,终端采集装置的信息检测部分将奶牛的活动量、静卧时间和体温转换为电信号,通过无线通讯方式将所有数据传送至上位机系统;将射频接收模块安装于奶牛挤奶或者补饲时候的必经通道上,当奶牛经过时,读取无源射频模块的信号,读出奶牛牛号,并通过485协议发送给PC机,PC机调出该奶牛每一段时间的活动量、静卧时间和体温数据, 利用上位机管理软件对数据进行分析,活动量增加、静卧时间变短、体温略升高,可以判定奶牛处于发情期;相反,活动量降低、静卧时间变长、体温变低或很高,可以判定奶牛可能处于发病期,因此,通过分析各数据,可实现对奶牛发情期和奶牛健康状况的辅助监测。 The technical solution adopted: the host computer system is the wireless transceiver module is attached to the open area of ​​dairy farms, cows terminal collecting apparatus disposed in the leg or neck, the terminal device information acquisition section detecting the amount of activity of the cow, the time repose and the temperature into an electrical signal, all data transfers through the wireless communications system to the upper; RF receiving module attached to the feeding or when milking the cows must pass through the passage, when the cow passes, reading a passive radio frequency module the signal read-out cow cow numbers, and sent to the PC through the 485 protocol, PC, call up the amount of activity per cow a period of repose time and temperature data, use PC management software for data analysis, activity increases, shorter time lying, slightly elevated temperature, may determine that cows on heat; the contrary, decreased activity, lying time becomes longer, the temperature becomes high or low, it may be determined in the pathogenesis of cows may, therefore, by each data analysis, enabling the monitoring of aid estrus cows and cow health.

Claims (7)

1. 一种用于检测奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温的装置,其特征在于由终端采集装置和上位机系统两部分组成;所述的终端采集装置由无源射频模块、无线通讯模块、信息检测部分、单片机系统和电池构成;所述的上位机系统由PC机、无线收发模块和射频接收模块组成;所述的无线收发模块的信号输出端口通过485总线与PC机的串口或者USB 口连接;所述的射频接收模块的输出端口通过485总线与PC机的串口或者USB 口连接;所述的无线通讯模块的发射端连接到单片机的接收数据输出端口,无线通讯模块的接收端连接到单片机的传输数据接收端口,并由单片机控制相关数据的发送和接收;所述的信息检测部分由低功耗振动传感器、姿态传感器和PTlOOO组成,其中振动传感器的信号输出端连接到单片机的I/O端口,姿态传感器的信号输出端连接到单片机的不同于振 1. A method for detecting the amount of active cow, lying time and temperature of the apparatus, characterized in that the two parts of the acquisition by the terminal apparatus and the host computer system components; collecting apparatus according to the terminal by the passive radio frequency module, a wireless communication module, information detecting portion, and a battery microcontroller system configuration; the host computer system by the PC, the wireless transceiver module and a radio frequency receiver module; signal output from said wireless transceiver module with a PC via port 485 or a USB serial port connection; the radio frequency output port is connected via the receiving module 485 and the PC serial or USB port; transmitting end of the radio communication module connected to the reception output port, a data receiving side wireless communication module connected to the microcontroller transmission data receiving port MCU, the MCU controls the transmission and reception of data; the information detected by the low-power part of the vibration sensor, an attitude sensor and PTlOOO composition, wherein the vibration sensor signal output terminal is connected to the microcontroller I / O port, the posture sensor signal output terminal is connected to the MCU vibration different from 传感器的I/O端口, PT1000的信号输出端连接到单片机的AD转换端口;所述的终端采集装置安装在具有防水、 防震、防冲击功能的密封盒内,佩戴在奶牛的腿部或颈部,PTlOOO的感温端暴露在密封盒与奶牛皮肤贴紧的表面上,奶牛佩戴密封盒后,PTiooo的感温端能够紧贴奶牛的皮肤;所述的终端采集装置的无线通讯模块与上位机系统的无线收发模块进行无线通讯,终端采集装置的无源射频模块与上位机系统的射频接收模块进行射频通讯。 Acquiring the terminal device mounted in a waterproof, shockproof, anti-shock function of a sealed capsule, worn on the leg or neck of the cow; I / O port, a signal output terminal connected to the sensor PT1000 AD conversion port of the microcontroller , the temperature sensing end PTlOOO exposed on the sealing box and cow skin adhesion surface, the cow wearing seal box, temperature can be close to the skin side PTiooo cows; terminal of the collection device and the wireless communication module PC wireless transceiver module of the wireless communication system, a passive radio terminal apparatus collecting RF communication module and RF receiver module of the host computer system.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种用于检测奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温的装置,其特征在于所述的无线收发模块是市售的任何一种集发射单元和接收单元于一体的低功耗无线传输模块。 The method for detecting the amount of activity of the cow as claimed in claim 1, lying time and temperature of the apparatus, wherein said wireless transceiver module is a set of any commercially available transmitting unit and receiving unit in one the low-power wireless transmission module.
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种用于检测奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温的装置,其特征在于所述的射频接收模块是市售的射频卡或者电子标签识别器。 The method for detecting the amount of activity of the cow as claimed in claim 1, lying time and temperature of the apparatus, wherein said radio frequency RF receiver module is a commercially available card or an electronic tag reader.
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种用于检测奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温的装置,其特征在于所述的无源射频模块是市售的任何一种中远距离的无源射频卡或者电子标签。 The method for detecting the amount of activity of the cow as claimed in claim 1, lying time and temperature of the apparatus, wherein said passive RF module is any one of commercially available long-range passive RF card or electronic tags.
5.根据权利要求1所述的一种用于检测奶牛活动量、静卧时间 5. A method of detecting activity for dairy cows, the time of repose according to claim 1,
Figure CN102318567AC00021
和体温的装置,其特征在于所述的无线通讯模块是市售的任何一种集发射单元和接收单元于一体的无线传输模块。 And the device temperature, wherein said wireless communication module is any commercially available a set of transmitting and receiving units in one of the wireless transmission module.
6.根据权利要求1所述的一种用于检测奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温的装置,其特征在于所述的单片机系统是市售的低功耗单片机,其工作模式是中断触发模式。 The method for detecting the amount of activity of the cow as claimed in claim 1, lying time and temperature of the apparatus, characterized in that the microcontroller system is a commercially available low-power microcontroller, its mode of interrupt trigger mode .
7.根据权利要求1所述的一种用于检测奶牛活动量、静卧时间和体温的装置,其特征在于终端采集装置中的电池是市售3 V或3. 6 V电池。 The method for detecting the amount of activity of the cow as claimed in claim 1, lying time and temperature of the apparatus, characterized in that the collecting apparatus terminal of a battery 3 V are commercially available or 3. 6 V battery.
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CN105684957A (en) * 2016-01-21 2016-06-22 河北农业大学 Breeding poultry individual mating behavior automatic detecting and recording device
CN106175779A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-12-07 南京软杰信息科技有限公司 A kind of animal health monitoring system
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