CN102307222B - Intelligent greenhouse demonstration measurement and control system based on Internet of things technology - Google Patents

Intelligent greenhouse demonstration measurement and control system based on Internet of things technology Download PDF

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CN102307222B
CN102307222B CN201110117123XA CN201110117123A CN102307222B CN 102307222 B CN102307222 B CN 102307222B CN 201110117123X A CN201110117123X A CN 201110117123XA CN 201110117123 A CN201110117123 A CN 201110117123A CN 102307222 B CN102307222 B CN 102307222B
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greenhouse
network
control
central server
embedded
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CN102307222A (en
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张建军
卫星
魏振春
韩江洪
石雷
施洋洋
刘磊
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Hefei University of Technology
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Hefei University of Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent greenhouse demonstration measurement and control system based on an Internet of things technology. The intelligent greenhouse demonstration measurement and control system comprises a plurality of field control station networks, a plurality of embedded gateways and a central server, wherein one field control station network is accessed into one embedded gateway; and the embedded gateways realize communication between the central server and the field control station networks. The intelligent greenhouse demonstration measurement and control system acquires parameters inside and outside a greenhouse and parameters of crop growth soil constitutes through a sensing network of the Internet of things; a network layer of the Internet of things combines various data transmission networks and communicates with the central server through an embedded Ethernet controller interface, so that communication among various nodes is realized; and an application layer, namely the central server, of the Internet of things realizes optimization control, page publish and short message inquiry control for the parameters.

Description

Intelligent greenhouse demonstration TT﹠C system based on technology of Internet of things
Technical field
The present invention relates to warmhouse booth system field, be specially a kind of intelligent greenhouse demonstration TT﹠C system based on technology of Internet of things.
Background technology
Internet of Things refers to by various information sensing equipment, as various devices and technology such as transducer, radio-frequency (RF) identification (RFID) technology, global positioning system, infrared inductor, laser scanner, gas sensors, gather in real time anyly need to monitor, connect, interactive object or process, gather the information of various needs, be combined a huge network that forms with the Internet.Its objective is and realize thing and thing, thing and people, all article are connected with network, convenient identification, management and control.
Warmhouse booth is the infrastructure that realizes industrialized agriculture and factory farming, is the basic facilities of crop growth environment manual adjustment.Can be for a long time create best growth conditions for crop by warmhouse booth, avoid the influence of extraneous harsh weather, reach and regulate crop term, promote crop growth, prevention and elimination of disease and pests and purpose such as improve the yield and quality.The warmhouse booth plantation has obtained promotion and application rapidly for the living standard that improves people brings great convenience.Envirment factors such as the temperature in the planting environment, humidity, illuminance, CO2 concentration have very big influence to the production of crop.Traditional Artificial Control mode is difficult to reach the requirement of scientific and reasonable plantation, at present domesticly can realize above-mentioned envirment factor the system of monitoring is also rare automatically, and to have multi-functional large-scale attached-greenhouse control system abroad expensive and introduce, and is not suitable for national conditions.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of intelligent greenhouse demonstration TT﹠C system based on technology of Internet of things, to realize the more optimal control of warmhouse booth and management.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Intelligent greenhouse demonstration TT﹠C system based on technology of Internet of things is characterized in that: comprise a plurality of field control station networks, a plurality of embedded gateway, central server; Embedded gateway of phenomenon control station network insertion, described embedded gateway is realized the communication of central server and field control station network;
Described field control station network comprises sensing node, XM, transmission trunking node, wherein:
Described sensing node is divided into two kinds, a kind of sensing node is carried out measured sensor to greenhouse and is constituted by multiple, another kind of sensing node is carried out measured sensor to plant in the greenhouse and is constituted by multiple, wherein each sensor network that greenhouse is measured disposes the Zigbee wireless transport module, and each sensor network that plant is measured disposes the RFID frequency read/write;
Described XM is each final controlling element of greenhouse parameter for a change, and described final controlling element is connected with relay respectively, controls each final controlling element realization to the change of greenhouse parameter by relay;
The communication network that described transmission trunking node is made up of sensing node and embedded gateway constitutes, wherein greenhouse is carried out sensing node that measured sensor constitutes by Zigbee wireless transport module and corresponding embedded gateway formation Zigbee network, plant in the greenhouse is carried out sensing node that measured sensor constitutes by RFID frequency read/write and corresponding embedded gateway formation RFID communication network, each Zigbee wireless transport module, the RFID frequency read/write also disposes data processing unit respectively, described data processing unit is to the data format analysis processing, each transducer of the sensing node of described field control station network transmits information by the transmission trunking node to embedded gateway, with the coordination that realizes converging data and and gateway between transmission;
Described embedded gateway comprises Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, insert the embedded Ethernet controller interface of Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, wherein be provided with the Zigbee radio network interface in the embedded gateway corresponding to the sensing node that greenhouse is measured, described embedded gateway is by Zigbee wireless transport module communication corresponding in Zigbee radio network interface and the field control station network, be provided with the RFID radio network interface in the embedded gateway corresponding to the sensing node that plant is measured, described embedded gateway is by RFID frequency read/write communication corresponding in RFID radio network interface and the field control station network, described embedded gateway is responsible for interconnecting of field control station network and central server, protocol stack changes and local control, wherein:
Be circumscribed with E2PROM memory, real-time timepiece chip, A/D converter interface, expansion I/O interface, power supply module on the described Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, be used for the corresponding sensing node of control to the on-site parameters data acquisition and processing (DAP), and parameter transferred to central server, accept the parameter in the order monitoring greenhouse that central server assigns simultaneously;
Described Zigbee radio network interface comprises the Zigbee chip, the Zigbee chip links to each other by the UART interface with Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, with IEEE 802.15.4 standard, Zigbee 2006 protocol construction on-site wireless communication networks, Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system and described transmission trunking node communicate the information at transmitting, monitoring scene in the realization embedded gateway;
Described RFID radio network interface comprises RFID radio frequency chip, single chip control module, and the RFID radio frequency chip carries out read-write operation with the 14443A protocol specification to the RFID frequency read/write on the plant;
Described embedded Ethernet controller interface comprises the independent ethernet controller of band SPI interface, Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system is by embedded Ethernet controller and described central server communication in the described embedded gateway, described ethernet controller meets whole standards of IEEE 802.3, adopted a series of packet filtering mechanism to limit importing packet into, ethernet controller also provides an inner DMA module, to realize that rapid data is handled up and IP verification and the calculating of hardware supports;
Described central server comprises gsm module, the switch of industry PC, band USB interface;
Described industry PC is connected with the embedded gateway communication by switch, is used for the issue control at web interface, and the GSM inquiry service has write in the industry PC greenhouse parameter optimization control algolithm;
Described gsm module inserts industry PC by USB interface, and gsm module is by GSM network and outside mobile communication, and mobile phone can inquire about, control the environmental parameter in greenhouse to central server by the note of gsm module transmission set form;
Described switch is responsible for each embedded gateway is connected with industry PC communication in the central server, realizes the transmission of the gateway data of a plurality of field control station networks.
Described intelligent greenhouse demonstration TT﹠C system based on technology of Internet of things, it is characterized in that: constitute in the field control station network of sensing node corresponding to greenhouse being carried out measured sensor, each transducer constitutes greenhouse wireless data acquisition sensing net by the Zigbee wireless transport module in the sensing node.
Described intelligent greenhouse demonstration TT﹠C system based on technology of Internet of things is characterized in that: the sensing layer of described sensing node, the networking of XM homologue; The network layer of described transmission trunking node, the networking of embedded gateway homologue; Described central server homologue working application layer.
The present invention by the sensing net of Internet of Things gather inside and outside the greenhouse, plant growth soil constituent parameter; The network layer of Internet of Things merges the several data transmission network, communicates by letter with central server with the embedded Ethernet controller interface at last, realizes communication mutually between each node; The Internet of Things application layer is that central server is realized Parameter Optimization control, page issue, message search control.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is embodied in:
1, based on the multitiered network structure
System of the present invention comprises various data transmission networks: Zigbee transmission network, RFID transmission network, Ethernet.Zigbee is a kind of short-range wireless networks communication technology of being absorbed in low-power consumption, low cost, low complex degree, low rate; Advantages such as RFID has that read or write speed is fast, batch identification, memory space are big, long service life, safe, real-time dynamic communication; So the on-site wireless sensing netting gear that is made up by Zigbee and RFID has above-mentioned advantage.With low cost and the transmitting high speed of Ethernet has improved the communication performance of system.
2, several data information fusion
Because the apperceive characteristic that the Internet of Things warmhouse booth is abundant, each network of native system comprises collection and transmission data separately, at the format differences of transfer of data between the heterogeneous networks, adopted based on the ICP/IP protocol embedded gateway and realized the fusion of transfer of data between the multiple network and collaborative.
3, multiple control modes realizes more convenient rational management
Central server is issued parameter information by the page in the system of the present invention, can realize regulating in real time by leading subscriber in the Internet; Include and optimize algorithm and can realize sensing node and the automatic adjusting of moving between the node; Central server has the GSM searching platform, and mobile phones enquiring control is provided, and makes the restriction of regulating on not free and the space; Simultaneity factor also provides the control of adjusting manually, really realizes omnibearing control.
4, the Internet of Things greenhouse system that possesses intellectuality and cloud computing technology
System of the present invention has comprised Internet of Things cloud computing technical characterictic based on the Internet of Things system, realizes the resource-sharing between the different technologies platform, has promoted the Internet of Things information processing capability.Mutual perception between each subsystem, intelligent adjusting have increased the convenient flexibility of system.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the block diagram of system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is central server software flow pattern involved in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the present invention and Internet of Things and osi model corresponding relation figure.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, system of the present invention forms and comprises field control station net, embedded gateway, central server;
The field control station network is placed in inside and outside the warmhouse booth, comprise outdoor meteorological sensor, the room parameter transducer, the cultivation soil detecting sensor that crop is traced to the source, blower fan and heater action node, and corresponding Zigbee, the RFID wireless sense network, in the corresponding local installation room of crop of plantation, reach the soil detecting sensor, the outdoor mounted wind speed, wind direction, rain sensor is gathered corresponding environmental parameter, the foundation in control greenhouse is provided, the action node is being received the corresponding folding circulation blower fan in instruction back, heater device carries out parameter to be regulated, and has set up some via nodes realization data coordination transmission for fear of distance and the flow restriction of transfer of data in each sensing net;
Embedded gateway comprises that Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, Zigbee radio network interface, RFID radio network interface, embedded Ethernet controller interface are connected with switch, realizing that multiple sensing net merges finally to be connected with central server with the Ethernet control interface provides parameter and transmits control command, embedded gateway is responsible for the interconnecting of field control station network and central server, protocol stack changes and local control, wherein:
It is embedded microprocessor, E2PROM memory, real-time timepiece chip, A/D converter interface and expansion I/O interface, the power supply module of STC12C5A60S2 that Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system adopts model, be used for control on-site parameters data acquisition and processing (DAP) and be transferred to center management server, accept the parameter in the order monitoring greenhouse that server command assigns simultaneously;
The Zigbee radio network interface comprises that model is the Zigbee chip of CC2430, the Zigbee chip links to each other by the UART interface with Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, with IEEE 802.15.4 standard, Zigbee 2006 protocol construction on-site wireless communication networks, realize communicating the information at transmitting, monitoring scene with on-the-spot Zigbee network;
The RFID radio network interface comprises that model is RFID radio frequency chip, the single chip control module of FM1702NL, Mifare 1 S50RFID frequency read/write on the RFID radio frequency chip is traced to the source to plant with the 14443A protocol specification carries out read-write operation, and the read-write content is soil information, the implantation time of the detected cultivation of soil detecting sensor and goes out the garden time;
The embedded Ethernet controller interface comprises that the model of band SPI interface is the independent ethernet controller of ENC28J60.Ethernet controller meets whole standards of IEEE 802.3, has adopted a series of packet filtering mechanism to limit importing packet into.It also provides an inner DMA module, to realize that rapid data is handled up and IP verification and the calculating of hardware supports;
Central server comprises industry PC, has the gsm module of USB interface, switch, realize the page issue of greenhouse control, land the adjusting of control greenhouse parameter by manager's username and password, gsm module inserts industry PC by USB interface, the user inquires about to the note that industry PC sends set form by gsm module by mobile phone, can querying server to AT instruction resolve, according to the environmental parameter of command request control warmhouse booth.Industry PC be used for the web interface issue control, GSM inquiry service, with the communicating by letter of embedded gateway, contain greenhouse parameter optimization control algolithm.In addition, can regulate manually at the scene.
In concrete the enforcement, the transducer of tyre Zigbee radio network interface has constituted on-the-spot Zigbee communication network by the Zigbee radio network interface in the various greenhouses, each transducer and corresponding Zigbee radio network interface can carry out the expansion of any amount according to the needs of the reality in greenhouse, can be covered fully by the Zigbee communication network in the warmhouse booth, wherein set up the transmission trunking node, the transfer of data of a large amount of networks is coordinated.Embedded gateway and each sensing net are set up the transmission trunking node, the fusion of realization multiple network and collaborative.Embedded gateway is connected with central server in the Internet by Ethernet interface, the data that the scene is detected send to central server provides various control methods, comprises the automatic adjusting of page issue on the internet, GSM message search, inner optimization algorithm etc.This warmhouse booth system configuration based on technology of Internet of things, favorable expandability is convenient to control, can reduce system's construction cost, improves the network coverage and autgmentability.
As shown in Figure 2, this real system centre server software workflow diagram, its step is as follows:
Central server is by setting up communication between socket module and the embedded gateway, environment, plant growth parameter(s) that the scene is recorded transmit, store database into by the Mysql technology, and carry out the page on the internet by XML and PHP language and issue, the user can pass through the web browser, inquires about all information of monitored device whenever and wherever possible.Simultaneously, server receives the instruction that the user submits to by the web service, and former road is returned, and the action node is controlled; Write the message search control section by the MSCOMM control with C++ in addition, instruction is resolved to AT, when receiving the short message enquiry instruction, resolve command, current environment parameter and soil information can be able to be issued designated mobile phone, when receiving control command, the action node be controlled; The threshold value of each parameter can be write in the database, in view of the relation between each parameter, the unmanned close-loop automatic adjustment that participates in can be realized by optimizing algorithm.
As shown in Figure 3, the relation between native system and Internet of Things and the osi model:
On-the-spot data acquisition and parameter are handled the sensing layer corresponding to Internet of Things, i.e. physical layer and data link layer in the OSI seven layer model; Various Zigbee, RFID, GSM, Ethernet transmission network are corresponding to the network layer of Internet of Things, i.e. physical layer and transport layer in the OSI seven layer model; Algorithm is issued, optimized to the GSM inquiry of greenhouse parameter, the page corresponding to the application layer of Internet of Things, i.e. application layer and application program in the osi model.The invention system does not contain presentation layer and the session layer in the osi model, and its function how realizes in the network layer of Internet of Things, also can realize in application layer.

Claims (3)

1. based on the intelligent greenhouse demonstration TT﹠C system of technology of Internet of things, it is characterized in that: comprise a plurality of field control station networks, a plurality of embedded gateway, central server; Embedded gateway of a field control station network insertion, described embedded gateway is realized the communication of central server and field control station network;
Described field control station network comprises sensing node, XM, transmission trunking node, wherein:
Described sensing node is divided into two kinds, a kind of sensing node is carried out measured sensor to greenhouse and is constituted by multiple, another kind of sensing node is carried out measured sensor to plant in the greenhouse and is constituted by multiple, wherein each sensor network that greenhouse is measured disposes the Zigbee wireless transport module, and each sensor network that plant is measured disposes the RFID frequency read/write;
Described XM is each final controlling element of greenhouse parameter for a change, and described final controlling element is connected with relay respectively, controls each final controlling element realization to the change of greenhouse parameter by relay;
The communication network that described transmission trunking node is made up of sensing node and embedded gateway constitutes, wherein greenhouse is carried out sensing node that measured sensor constitutes by Zigbee wireless transport module and corresponding embedded gateway formation Zigbee network, plant in the greenhouse is carried out sensing node that measured sensor constitutes by RFID frequency read/write and corresponding embedded gateway formation RFID communication network, each Zigbee wireless transport module, the RFID frequency read/write also disposes data processing unit respectively, described data processing unit is to the data format analysis processing, each transducer of the sensing node of described field control station network transmits information by the transmission trunking node to embedded gateway, with the coordination that realizes converging data and and gateway between transmission;
Described embedded gateway comprises Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, insert the embedded Ethernet controller interface of Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, wherein be provided with the Zigbee radio network interface in the embedded gateway corresponding to the sensing node that greenhouse is measured, described embedded gateway is by Zigbee wireless transport module communication corresponding in Zigbee radio network interface and the field control station network, be provided with the RFID radio network interface in the embedded gateway corresponding to the sensing node that plant is measured, described embedded gateway is by RFID frequency read/write communication corresponding in RFID radio network interface and the field control station network, described embedded gateway is responsible for interconnecting of field control station network and central server, protocol conversion and local control, wherein:
Be circumscribed with E2PROM memory, real-time timepiece chip, A/D converter interface, expansion I/O interface, power supply module on the described Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, be used for the corresponding sensing node of control to the on-site parameters data acquisition and processing (DAP), and parameter transferred to central server, accept the parameter in the order monitoring greenhouse that central server assigns simultaneously;
Described Zigbee radio network interface comprises the Zigbee chip, the Zigbee chip links to each other by the UART interface with Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, with IEEE 802.15.4 standard, Zigbee 2006 protocol construction on-site wireless communication networks, Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system and described transmission trunking node communicate the information at transmitting, monitoring scene in the realization embedded gateway;
Described RFID radio network interface comprises RFID radio frequency chip, single chip control module, and the RFID radio frequency chip carries out read-write operation with the 14443A protocol specification to the RFID frequency read/write on the plant;
Described embedded Ethernet controller interface comprises the independent ethernet controller of band SPI interface, Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system is by embedded Ethernet controller and described central server communication in the described embedded gateway, described ethernet controller meets whole standards of IEEE 802.3, adopted a series of packet filtering mechanism to limit importing packet into, ethernet controller also provides an inner DMA module, to realize that rapid data is handled up and IP verification and the calculating of hardware supports;
Described central server comprises gsm module, the switch of industry PC, band USB interface;
Described industry PC is connected with the embedded gateway communication by switch, is used for the issue control at web interface, and the GSM inquiry service has write in the industry PC greenhouse parameter optimization control algolithm;
Described gsm module inserts industry PC by USB interface, and gsm module is by GSM network and outside mobile communication, and mobile phone can inquire about, control the environmental parameter in greenhouse to central server by the note of gsm module transmission set form;
Described switch is responsible for each embedded gateway is connected with industry PC communication in the central server, realizes the transmission of the gateway data of a plurality of field control station networks.
2. the intelligent greenhouse demonstration TT﹠C system based on technology of Internet of things according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: constitute in the field control station network of sensing node corresponding to greenhouse being carried out measured sensor, each transducer constitutes greenhouse wireless data acquisition sensing net by the Zigbee wireless transport module in the sensing node.
3. the intelligent greenhouse demonstration TT﹠C system based on technology of Internet of things according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the sensing layer of described sensing node, the networking of XM homologue; The network layer of described transmission trunking node, the networking of embedded gateway homologue; Described central server homologue working application layer.
CN201110117123XA 2011-05-07 2011-05-07 Intelligent greenhouse demonstration measurement and control system based on Internet of things technology Expired - Fee Related CN102307222B (en)

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