CN201750562U - Device for interconnecting the wireless sensor network with the internet and the mobile communication net - Google Patents

Device for interconnecting the wireless sensor network with the internet and the mobile communication net Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201750562U
CN201750562U CN2010202772526U CN201020277252U CN201750562U CN 201750562 U CN201750562 U CN 201750562U CN 2010202772526 U CN2010202772526 U CN 2010202772526U CN 201020277252 U CN201020277252 U CN 201020277252U CN 201750562 U CN201750562 U CN 201750562U
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China
Prior art keywords
module
gateway control
control module
network
wireless communication
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CN2010202772526U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王智森
潘登
高丽元
刘建
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大连工业大学
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Priority to CN2010202772526U priority Critical patent/CN201750562U/en
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Publication of CN201750562U publication Critical patent/CN201750562U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a device for interconnecting the wireless sensor network with the internet and the mobile communication net, comprising a short distance wireless communication module, a gateway control module and a wide area network interface module, wherein the short distance wireless communication module comprises a communication unit supporting the wireless transmission protocol, and exchanges data with the gateway control module by the serial; the gateway control module comprises a processor and an expanding interface for analyzing the data packet received by the short distance wireless communication module, and the extract information is converted to be the data packet satisfying the protocol type supported by the wide area network interface module; and the wide area network comprises the communications unit supporting the protocol standard of TCP/IP, GPRS, TD-SCDMA/WCDMA/CDMA2000, WiFi and WiMAX. The device implements one or more network protocol conversion in the complex multi-type wireless network environment, and is the necessary device for making sure the effective transfer of the network upload date and download control instruction.

Description

Be used for the same internet of radio sensing network, the interconnected device of mobile radio communication
Technical field
The invention belongs to the data switching networks apparatus field, specifically, relate to a kind of type that can discern radio sensing network automatically, and can connect the gateway device of radio sensing network and internet, mobile radio communication.
Background technology
Gateway (Gat eway) claim gateway, protocol converter again.Gateway to realize network interconnection, is the most complicated network interconnection apparatus, network interconnection on transport layer, is used for the different network interconnection of upper-layer protocol.Gateway both can be used for the wide area network interconnection, also can be used for local area network interconnection.Gateway is a kind of computer system or equipment of changing important task that serves as.Using different communication protocol, data format or language, even between the diverse two kinds of systems of architecture, gateway is a translater, will repack the information of receiving, with the demand of adaptation to end system.
Advantages such as, reliability high and low power consumption convenient with its networking by the radio sensing network that wireless sensor node constitutes, are used widely in the various environment in monitoring in real time, perception and collection network distributed areas or the aspects such as information of monitoring target.The main flow wireless transmission standards mainly contains ZigBee, Bluetooth etc., and they exist than big difference at protocol architecture and internet, mobile radio communication, belong to heterogeneous network.Thereby, only wireless sense network could be interconnected at internet, mobile radio communication by gateway, the data message that guarantees the sensor node collection compiles in wireless sense network through gateway and is sent to internet, mobile radio communication, come to satisfy the demand of decision-making and application and development, the control information that the user sends also can be sent to the setting that node in the wireless sense network carries out data acquisition through gateway by internet, mobile radio communication.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of can discern automatically the radio sensing network agreement, be used to enter the Internet, the gateway device of mobile radio communication, satisfy the application demand of short-distance wireless communication technologies accesses such as emerging ZigBee, Bluetooth, RFID, mobile radio communication, and solved conventional gateway and only be applicable between two kinds of heterogeneous networks the limitation of data transaction one to one, realized the conversion of the next or a plurality of procotols of complicated polymorphic type wireless sensor network environment.
In order to achieve the above object, a kind of same internet of radio sensing network, interconnected device of mobile radio communication of being used for of the present invention comprises short-range wireless communication module, gateway control module and outer net interface module.Wherein, described short-range wireless communication module comprises the communication unit of supporting wireless transmission protocol, and passes through the serial ports swap data with described gateway control module.Described gateway control module comprises single-chip microcomputer or arm processor, and is provided for connecting the extensive interface of Flash or SDRAM external memory unit; Described gateway control module is used to resolve the packet that short-range wireless communication module receives, and information extraction converts the packet that meets described outer net interface module supported protocol type to.Described outer net interface module comprises the communication unit of supporting TCP/IP, GPRS, TD-SCDMA/WCDMA/CDMA2000, WiFi and WiMAX consensus standard.
Under the optimal way, the communication unit in the described short-range wireless communication module is for supporting the communication unit of Bluetooth wireless transmission protocol, or supports the communication unit of ZigBee wireless transmission protocol, again or support the communication unit of RFID wireless transmission protocol.
The invention discloses a kind of access that is used for of automatic identification radio sensing network agreement, the gateway of mobile radio communication, comprise the packet-capturing module, agreement identification module and packet recombination module, satisfy ZigBee, Bluetooth, short-distance wireless communication technologies such as RFID enter the Internet, the application demand of mobile radio communication, and solved conventional gateway and only be applicable to the deficiency of changing one to one between two kinds of heterogeneous networks, having realized the one or more procotol conversions under the complicated polymorphic type wireless network environment, is the necessaries that guarantees that Internet of Things upstream data and descending control command are effectively transmitted.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the communication structure theory diagram of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the circuit structure schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention.
Embodiment
The present invention aims to provide a kind of universal gateway, can with multiple network protocol-compliants such as ZigBee, Bluetooth, RFID, TCP/IP, GPRS, TD-SCDMA/WCDMA/CDMA2000, WiFi and WiMAX.According to the characteristics of OSI hierarchy and aforementioned diverse network architecture, designed a kind of highly versatile, the succinct hierarchy of level on hierarchical structure, the side of communicating by letter with wireless sensing net node is divided into physical layer, data link layer and application layer from bottom to top.Wherein physical layer communication is deferred to wireless communication protocol, and data link layer adopts SDL, and application layer is carried out application protocol.
The gateway structure logically is divided into three parts (as shown in Figure 2): short-range wireless communication module, gateway control module and outer net interface module.Short-range wireless communication module comprises wireless transmission unit such as ZigBee, Bluetooth, RFID, and they are by serial ports and gateway control module communication; The data packet analysis that the gateway control module receives short-range wireless communication module and repack after deliver to outer network interface, perhaps receive and deliver to short-range wireless communication module after packet is handled by analysis from outer network interface; The outer net interface module is used for communicating by letter with internet, mobile radio communication.
The packet that short-range wireless communication module receives is transferred to the gateway control module by serial ports, an all corresponding UART (the Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter) process chip of each serial ports in the gateway control module, serial data is converted to parallel processing, has improved the speed of data analysis.
The gateway control module can be discerned the wireless communication protocol type in the wireless environment automatically, its operation principle is at first to catch the control message that agreement begins to transmit by the mode of keyword coupling, and the five-tuple (protocol type of extraction control message, source IP, purpose IP, source port, destination interface) add rule as keyword, because in the whole session process, the five-tuple of all messages can not change, and therefore just can capture the data of whole session process according to five-tuple information.
The outer net interface module contains the communication unit of consensus standards such as supporting TCP/IP, GPRS, TD-SCDMA/WCDMA/CDMA2000, WiFi and WiMAX, and interface can be expanded.
Gateway mainly adopts single-chip microcomputer or arm processor, has external memory unit and extensive interfaces such as Flash or SDRAM, supports externally fed and on-line debugging, is provided with power supply, reset terminal, clock signal input terminal and debugging interface among the figure respectively for this reason.
The communication structure principle of apparatus of the present invention mainly is divided into packet-capturing module, agreement identification module and packet recombination module as shown in Figure 1.The packet-capturing module is used for monitoring the packet that network interface receives and reads buffering area.The information of packet in the agreement identification module analysis buffers is differentiated protocol type and resolution data bag, extracts the data message in the packet.The data message that the packet recombination module extracts the agreement identification module reassembles into the packet that meets the access network protocol type and is sent to network interface.
The above; only be the preferable embodiment of the present invention; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; anyly be familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; be equal to replacement or change according to technical scheme of the present invention and inventive concept thereof, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. one kind is used for the same internet of radio sensing network, the interconnected device of mobile radio communication, it is characterized in that, comprises short-range wireless communication module, gateway control module and outer net interface module;
Wherein, described short-range wireless communication module comprises the communication unit of supporting wireless transmission protocol, and passes through the serial ports swap data with described gateway control module;
Described gateway control module comprises single-chip microcomputer or arm processor, and is provided for connecting the extensive interface of Flash or SDRAM external memory unit; Described gateway control module is used to resolve the packet that short-range wireless communication module receives, and information extraction converts the packet that meets described outer net interface module supported protocol type to;
Described outer net interface module comprises the communication unit of supporting TCP/IP, GPRS, TD-SCDMA/WCDMA/CDMA2000, WiFi and WiMAX consensus standard, and interface can be expanded.
2. according to the described same internet of radio sensing network, the interconnected device of mobile radio communication of being used for of claim 1, it is characterized in that, communication unit in the described short-range wireless communication module is for supporting the communication unit of Bluetooth wireless transmission protocol, or support the communication unit of ZigBee wireless transmission protocol, again or support the communication unit of RFID wireless transmission protocol.
CN2010202772526U 2010-07-31 2010-07-31 Device for interconnecting the wireless sensor network with the internet and the mobile communication net CN201750562U (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102083123A (en) * 2011-03-01 2011-06-01 中国联合网络通信集团有限公司 Gateway test method, device and system
CN102186259A (en) * 2011-05-13 2011-09-14 南京邮电大学 Interconnecting method of wireless sensor network and mobile communication network
CN102307222A (en) * 2011-05-07 2012-01-04 合肥工业大学 Intelligent greenhouse demonstration measurement and control system based on Internet of things technology
CN102385358A (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-03-21 南京大学 Multiple-network integrated intelligent internet-of-things center
CN102395218A (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-03-28 无锡爱房信科技发展有限公司 Universal wireless sensing network intelligent control system and implementation method thereof
CN102393719A (en) * 2011-11-10 2012-03-28 江南大学 Double-closed-loop system and method for monitoring museum environment based on internet of things
CN102421208A (en) * 2012-01-12 2012-04-18 刘硕 Access gateway of internet of things system and method for operating access gateway
CN102448202A (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-05-09 中国矿业大学 Multi-protocol multi-interface wireless sensor network gateway
CN102547942A (en) * 2012-02-21 2012-07-04 南京农业大学 Wireless sensor network intelligent gateway applied to greenhouse environment monitoring
CN103123485A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-05-29 上海迪爱斯通信设备有限公司 Intelligent data acquisition and control terminal and Internet of Things system with same
CN103347308A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-10-09 广州军区广州总医院 Bluetooth communication distance increasing method based on long-distance wireless technology
CN103546921A (en) * 2012-07-13 2014-01-29 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Device, method and system for fusion and compatibility of protocol stacks
CN103685028A (en) * 2013-11-30 2014-03-26 许继电气股份有限公司 Method and device allowing mutual communication of multi-type ports
CN103841036A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-06-04 深圳市共进电子股份有限公司 Wireless router integrating Zigbee
CN103841035A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-06-04 深圳市共进电子股份有限公司 Wireless Cable modem router integrating Zigbee
CN103961070A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-08-06 上海电机学院 Infant body temperature automatic monitor and wireless alarm device and use method thereof
CN105763435A (en) * 2014-12-15 2016-07-13 镇江市星禾物联科技有限公司 Multifunctional internet-of-thing gateway equipment
CN107888539A (en) * 2016-09-29 2018-04-06 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Internet-of-things terminal access device and method

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102083123A (en) * 2011-03-01 2011-06-01 中国联合网络通信集团有限公司 Gateway test method, device and system
CN102307222A (en) * 2011-05-07 2012-01-04 合肥工业大学 Intelligent greenhouse demonstration measurement and control system based on Internet of things technology
CN102307222B (en) * 2011-05-07 2013-08-14 合肥工业大学 Intelligent greenhouse demonstration measurement and control system based on Internet of things technology
CN102186259A (en) * 2011-05-13 2011-09-14 南京邮电大学 Interconnecting method of wireless sensor network and mobile communication network
CN102385358A (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-03-21 南京大学 Multiple-network integrated intelligent internet-of-things center
CN102395218A (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-03-28 无锡爱房信科技发展有限公司 Universal wireless sensing network intelligent control system and implementation method thereof
CN102395218B (en) * 2011-10-13 2014-07-16 无锡爱房信科技发展有限公司 Universal wireless sensing network intelligent control system and implementation method thereof
CN102393719A (en) * 2011-11-10 2012-03-28 江南大学 Double-closed-loop system and method for monitoring museum environment based on internet of things
CN102448202A (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-05-09 中国矿业大学 Multi-protocol multi-interface wireless sensor network gateway
CN102421208A (en) * 2012-01-12 2012-04-18 刘硕 Access gateway of internet of things system and method for operating access gateway
CN102421208B (en) * 2012-01-12 2014-04-09 北京乐为物联科技有限责任公司 Access gateway of internet of things system and method for operating access gateway
CN102547942A (en) * 2012-02-21 2012-07-04 南京农业大学 Wireless sensor network intelligent gateway applied to greenhouse environment monitoring
CN103546921B (en) * 2012-07-13 2017-11-28 中兴通讯股份有限公司 A kind of compatible device and method of protocol stack fusion and system
CN103546921A (en) * 2012-07-13 2014-01-29 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Device, method and system for fusion and compatibility of protocol stacks
CN103123485A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-05-29 上海迪爱斯通信设备有限公司 Intelligent data acquisition and control terminal and Internet of Things system with same
CN103123485B (en) * 2012-12-26 2015-07-01 上海迪爱斯通信设备有限公司 Intelligent data acquisition and control terminal and Internet of Things system with same
CN103347308A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-10-09 广州军区广州总医院 Bluetooth communication distance increasing method based on long-distance wireless technology
CN103685028A (en) * 2013-11-30 2014-03-26 许继电气股份有限公司 Method and device allowing mutual communication of multi-type ports
CN103685028B (en) * 2013-11-30 2018-06-12 许继电气股份有限公司 The method and device that polymorphic type port is in communication with each other
CN103841035A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-06-04 深圳市共进电子股份有限公司 Wireless Cable modem router integrating Zigbee
CN103841036A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-06-04 深圳市共进电子股份有限公司 Wireless router integrating Zigbee
CN103961070A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-08-06 上海电机学院 Infant body temperature automatic monitor and wireless alarm device and use method thereof
CN105763435A (en) * 2014-12-15 2016-07-13 镇江市星禾物联科技有限公司 Multifunctional internet-of-thing gateway equipment
CN107888539A (en) * 2016-09-29 2018-04-06 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Internet-of-things terminal access device and method

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