CN102271839B - Ladle conveyance carriage - Google Patents

Ladle conveyance carriage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102271839B
CN102271839B CN201080004002.8A CN201080004002A CN102271839B CN 102271839 B CN102271839 B CN 102271839B CN 201080004002 A CN201080004002 A CN 201080004002A CN 102271839 B CN102271839 B CN 102271839B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
lid
ladle
conveyance carriage
casting ladle
arm
Prior art date
Application number
CN201080004002.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102271839A (en
Inventor
星野正则
Original Assignee
新东工业株式会社
藤和电气株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2009-105917 priority Critical
Priority to JP2009105917 priority
Application filed by 新东工业株式会社, 藤和电气株式会社 filed Critical 新东工业株式会社
Priority to PCT/JP2010/056303 priority patent/WO2010122900A1/en
Publication of CN102271839A publication Critical patent/CN102271839A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102271839B publication Critical patent/CN102271839B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D41/00Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like
    • B22D41/12Travelling ladles or similar containers; Cars for ladles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D41/00Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like

Abstract

Provided is a ladle conveyance carriage which is used to convey a ladle and enables the lid of the ladle to be opened and closed when required in each process to minimize as much as possible a reduction in the temperature of the molten metal. The ladle conveyance carriage is a device which lifts and lowers a lid relative to the ladle and moves the lid in a horizontal plane to open and close the lid. The ladle conveyance carriage comprises a lid opening and closing device which is provided with: a lid lifting means which lifts and lowers the lid relative to the ladle; an arm to which the lid lifting means is attached; an arm driving means to which one end of the arm is attached and which moves the arm in a horizontal plane; and a base on which the arm driving means is mounted and which is mounted on the ladle conveyance carriage.

Description

Ladle conveyance carriage
Technical field
The present invention relates to the ladle conveyance carriage of on the delivery of molten metal line in casting factory, casting ladle being carried.
Background technology
In the past, in casting factory, poured into a mould place by receiving the motlten metal of high temperature from melting furnace and being transported to, and then made cast article in cast place towards casting-up motlten metal.Use casting ladle as the container for delivery of motlten metal, and then carry out transfer ladle by conveying carrier, driven roller.And, use and have lid at casting ladle in order to reduce the reduction of the molten metal temperature in casting ladle as far as possible.Further, as the mechanism carrying filling the casting ladle of motlten metal, used crane etc. in the past.As the casting ladle using in the conveying based on crane etc., the casting ladle that exists patent documentation 1 to record.
Patent documentation: Japanese kokai publication hei 11-320078 communique
The casting ladle that described patent documentation 1 is recorded is the switching mechanism that is accompanied with lid in casting ladle main body, and the switching of automatically being covered by casting ladle self.Therefore, the casting ladle that when the reduction for further minimizing molten metal temperature, reception is filled to motlten metal is directly arranged at casting machine and then pours into a mould while action, if described in described patent documentation 1, the switching mechanism of lid is attached in casting ladle main body, be difficult on casting machine, lid automatically be opened and closed.
And, if will not cover for casting ladle, can cause the reduction of molten metal temperature in course of conveying, and then have the increase of foundry goods bad phenomenon and situation about cannot pour into a mould.Further, from receive motlten metal start to by delivery of molten metal till cast position, place, exist and get slag, spheroidization of graphite and process and the operation, the switching that every procedure all must cover continually such as breed.Therefore there is following problems etc.: the opening and closing device that lid is all set at this every procedure can bring the raising and the increase that space is set of equipment cost.
Summary of the invention
Therefore, in view of said circumstances, the object of the invention is to, a kind of ladle conveyance carriage is provided, this ladle conveyance carriage is for delivery of casting ladle, and can reduce the reduction of molten metal temperature as far as possible.
In order to address the above problem, ladle conveyance carriage of the present invention is characterised in that, it possesses lid opening/closing device, this lid opening/closing device by making to cover lifting, move described lid opened and closed.
And described lid opening/closing device is characterised in that, it possesses: lid elevating mechanism, and this lid elevating mechanism makes the relatively described casting ladle of lid carry out lifting; Arm, is provided with this lid elevating mechanism at this arm; Arm driving mechanism, one end of this arm is installed on this arm driving mechanism, and this arm driving mechanism moves arm on horizontal plane; And pallet, be placed with this arm driving mechanism at this pallet, and this pallet is arranged on described ladle conveyance carriage.
Further, described lid opening/closing device is characterised in that, the arm driving mechanism of described lid elevating mechanism is rotated the mobile lid that makes and wraps moving opening from watering by making to cover elevating mechanism.
And described lid opening/closing device is characterised in that, described lid elevating mechanism by the handle sturcture that the lid of casting ladle is controlled with make this handle sturcture carry out the elevating mechanism of lifting and form.
Further, described lid opening/closing device is characterised in that, the casting ladle that covers described lid also uses in cast operation.
And described lid opening/closing device is characterised in that, the casting ladle that covers described lid also uses in spheroidization of graphite treatment process.
Further, described lid opening/closing device is characterised in that, the casting ladle that covers described lid also the motlten metal in casting ladle is bred breed operation in use.
And described lid opening/closing device is characterised in that, the casting ladle that covers described lid also in cast operation and spheroidization of graphite treatment process, use or also cast operation and the motlten metal in casting ladle is bred breed operation in use.
The present invention divides the switching mechanism of the lid of casting ladle and casting ladle to be arranged, and then is assembled with the opening and closing device of the lid of casting ladle at this ladle conveyance carriage, thereby can in the time receiving motlten metal, lid be opened, and will cover at once closure after complete receiving motlten metal.Therefore, can be in cast operation, spheroidization of graphite treatment process and breed in each operations such as operation, the switching of covering as required, and then the temperature that can reduce motlten metal reduces, and can reduce the generation of foundry goods bad phenomenon.Further, can reduce Yin Wendu declines too lowly and cannot pour into a mould caused, the waste of the melting electric power of melting etc. again.And, when use the casting ladle closing the lid in cast operation time, can further prevent the reduction of molten metal temperature.Further, without get slag, cast, spheroidization of graphite process and each operation such as breed in the opening and closing device of lid is all set, therefore have and can save equipment cost and the effect that space etc. is set.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the synoptic diagram that has used the delivery of molten metal line of ladle conveyance carriage of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the synoptic diagram of overlooking of ladle conveyance carriage of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is that the master of Fig. 2 of the state while illustrating lid closure looks synoptic diagram.
Fig. 4 illustrates the synoptic diagram of overlooking of uncapping while action that makes ladle conveyance carriage of the present invention.
Fig. 5 illustrates to make the master who uncaps while action of ladle conveyance carriage of the present invention look synoptic diagram.
The specific embodiment
Below, embodiments of the present invention are described.
As shown in Figure 1, ladle conveyance carriage 1 is configured to: can utilize have by the melting furnace of the material such as iron fusing or to melting the fusion apparatus 3 of the maintenance stove that keeps of motlten metal receive motlten metal, and the casting ladle that has received motlten metal is transported to the casting equipment 4 towards casting-up motlten metal, and ladle conveyance carriage 1 is configured to travel on the track 5 configuring along fusion apparatus 3 and casting equipment 4.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, ladle conveyance carriage 1 is made up of chassis 1a, wheel 1b and drive mechanism for wheel 1c.On chassis 1a, dispose roller path 6, this roller path 6 is made up of multiple roller 6a and the roll driving apparatus 6b that makes described roller 6a carry out positive and negative rotation.And, being provided with retainer 6c in one end of roller path 6, this retainer 6c is used for making casting ladle A not depart from from roller path 6.And, there is casting ladle A at roller path 6 upper supports, on casting ladle A, be provided with and cover B.
For lid opening/closing device 2, on the pallet 2a being fixedly installed, be fixed with swivel bearing 2b and rotating shaft driving mechanism 2c on chassis 1a, be fixed with arm 2e at the rotating shaft 2d being supported by swivel bearing 2b, be provided with and cover elevating mechanism 7 with the leading section of opposition side rotating shaft 2d arm 2e.And described rotating shaft driving mechanism 2c and described rotating shaft 2d carry out transferring power via sprocket wheel and chain.
Described lid elevating mechanism 7 is made up of following parts: handle sturcture 7a, and this handle sturcture 7a controls and controls with parts 8 being installed on the lid of the T word shape on the top board that covers B; And actuator 7b, this actuator 7b makes this handle sturcture 7a carry out lifting.Described actuator 7b can carry out the mechanism of lifting action as long as cylinder or the motor etc. of hydraulic pressure or air pressure.Described handle sturcture 7a has and controls parts 7c for what described lid is controlled to the hook shape of controlling with parts 8, arrive once make to control parts 7c by lid elevating mechanism 7 end that declines,, in the time that arm 2e circles round, to cover to control parts 8 and control the discontiguous mode of parts 7c, space is set.
Embodiment
Below, in the above described manner and the action of ladle conveyance carriage 1 forming describes.As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, thereby when by delivery of molten metal to casting equipment 4 self become empty casting ladle A while receiving the reception instruction from the control device of production line, thereby described lid opening/closing device 2 is worked on one side and cover the opening action of B, be transported to fusion apparatus 3 by described ladle conveyance carriage 1 on one side.
As shown in Figures 4 and 5, about the opening action of lid B, by being worked, actuator 7b make the handle sturcture 7a of described lid elevating mechanism 7 drop to the end that declines.Next, utilize rotating shaft driving mechanism 2c that the arm 2e of lid opening/closing device 2 is circled round to load the lid B on casting ladle A upper, and then move to and make lid control with the T word shape of parts 8 and control the position of the hook shape interlock of parts 7c.
Next, rise by making described actuator 7b control parts 7c described in working to make.Now, the hook shape of controlling parts 7c and described lid are controlled and are contacted with the top board lower surface of the T word shape of parts 8, and then control and lid B is lifted with parts 8 by lid controlling in parts 7c rises.Then, make arm 2e towards the direction convolution of exiting from casting ladle A by rotating shaft driving mechanism 2c is worked, open from casting ladle A is mobile thereby make to cover B.
The opening action of described lid B finishes and is transported to the casting ladle A of fusion apparatus 3, receives the motlten metal of fusion apparatus 3, and covers at once the closed action of B by lid opening/closing device 2, so that the temperature of the motlten metal in described casting ladle A can not reduce.
About the closed action of lid B, the operation contrary with described opening action will be carried out.First, utilize rotating shaft driving mechanism 2c that the arm 2e of the lid opening/closing device 2 that lid B is controlled is circled round on casting ladle A.Next, drop to by making described actuator 7b control parts 7c described in working to make the end that declines.Now, confirm cover B whether cover reliably casting ladle A above peristome.Then, whether the hook shape of confirming to control parts 7c is not controlled and contact with the cover plate lower surface of the T word shape of parts 8 with described lid, thereby and then is circled round and opened from casting ladle A movement by the direction that rotating shaft driving mechanism 2c is worked arm 2e court is exited from casting ladle A.
Next, ladle conveyance carriage 1 is moved to and gets slag position (not shown) at the state that carries described casting ladle A.If stop getting slag position, covered the opening action of B by lid opening/closing device 2, and then after getting the operation of the regulation such as slag, temperature measuring, again cover the closed action of B, then move to casting equipment 4.If stop at casting equipment 4, by the roller path 6 on chassis, the casting ladle B closing the lid is sent into casting equipment 4.Then, ladle conveyance carriage 1 otherwise receives empty casting ladle A and is transported to fusion apparatus 3.For empty casting ladle A, arrange with the state of tegmentum B closure, and then in the time that reception instruction is sent, on one side lid B is opened, move to fusion apparatus 3 and then receive operation on one side.
Although in the present embodiment, by move to cover the on-off action of B with the convolution that rotating shaft driving mechanism 2c carries out, but the on-off action of lid B is not limited to the method, also can adopt the method for the transverse shifting based on slide block and cylinder or connecting rod etc. are used.
And, although in Fig. 1 of the present embodiment, pouring position is arranged to track 5 that ladle conveyance carriage 1 travels with fusion apparatus 3 same side, also can be arranged at the opposition side across this track 5.
Further, in the situation that need to carrying out spheroidization of graphite processing or breeding operation, also can use the casting ladle A that covers described lid.
And, on described ladle conveyance carriage, also can be provided for being collected in dust collect plant and the control of dust wind scoop of opening while covering B the gas that produces from the motlten metal in casting ladle A etc.Described dust collect plant carries out control of dust by being connected with the upper surface of lid B or being arranged at control of dust wind scoop (not shown) connection of cover B position in addition.In addition, described control of dust wind scoop moves to above casting ladle A and then carries out control of dust in the time that described lid B opens.
Label declaration:
1 ... ladle conveyance carriage; 1a ... chassis; 2 ... lid opening/closing device; 2a ... pallet; 2b ... swivel bearing; 2c ... rotating shaft driving mechanism; 2d ... rotating shaft; 2e ... arm; 3 ... fusion apparatus; 4 ... casting equipment; 6 ... roller path; 7 ... lid elevating mechanism; 7a ... handle sturcture; 7b ... actuator; 7c ... control parts; 8 ... lid is controlled with parts; A ... casting ladle; B ... lid.

Claims (7)

1. a ladle conveyance carriage, this ladle conveyance carriage is equipped with the casting ladle closing the lid and this casting ladle is carried, this ladle conveyance carriage is characterised in that, described ladle conveyance carriage possesses the lid opening/closing device that the lid to casting ladle opens and closes on ladle conveyance carriage
Described lid opening/closing device is by making lid carry out lifting and move the lid opening/closing device that described lid is opened and closed on horizontal plane,
Described casting ladle is supported on the roller path being arranged on described ladle conveyance carriage, and described roller path can make casting ladle move along the direction vertical with the moving direction of described ladle conveyance carriage,
Described lid opening/closing device possesses:
Lid elevating mechanism, this lid elevating mechanism makes the relatively described casting ladle of lid carry out lifting;
Arm, is provided with this lid elevating mechanism at this arm;
Arm driving mechanism, one end of this arm is installed at this arm driving mechanism, and this arm driving mechanism moves arm on horizontal plane; And
Pallet is placed with this arm driving mechanism on this pallet, and this pallet is arranged on described ladle conveyance carriage,
The lid that described lid elevating mechanism has on the top board to being installed on lid is controlled the handle sturcture of controlling with parts and the actuator that makes this handle sturcture lifting,
Described arm driving mechanism is rotating shaft driving mechanism,
Described arm driving mechanism is rotated the mobile lid that makes and wraps mobile opening from watering by making to cover elevating mechanism,
Arrive if make to control parts by lid elevating mechanism the end that declines, form to cover when arm circles round and control parts and the shape of controlling parts and be provided with in mutually non-touching mode space.
2. ladle conveyance carriage according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described handle sturcture has the parts of controlling for described lid being controlled to the hook shape of controlling with parts, forms lid and controls the structure with the T word shape of parts and the hook shape interlock of this handle sturcture.
3. ladle conveyance carriage according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that,
The casting ladle that covers described lid also uses in cast operation.
4. ladle conveyance carriage according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that,
The casting ladle that covers described lid also uses in spheroidization of graphite treatment process.
5. ladle conveyance carriage according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that,
The casting ladle that covers described lid also the motlten metal in casting ladle is bred breed operation in use.
6. ladle conveyance carriage according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that,
The casting ladle that covers described lid also uses in cast operation and spheroidization of graphite treatment process.
7. ladle conveyance carriage according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that,
The casting ladle that covers described lid also cast operation and the motlten metal in casting ladle is bred breed operation in use.
CN201080004002.8A 2009-04-24 2010-04-07 Ladle conveyance carriage CN102271839B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2009-105917 2009-04-24
JP2009105917 2009-04-24
PCT/JP2010/056303 WO2010122900A1 (en) 2009-04-24 2010-04-07 Ladle conveyance carriage

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102271839A CN102271839A (en) 2011-12-07
CN102271839B true CN102271839B (en) 2014-06-25

Family

ID=43011021

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201080004002.8A CN102271839B (en) 2009-04-24 2010-04-07 Ladle conveyance carriage

Country Status (3)

Country Link
JP (1) JP5627064B2 (en)
CN (1) CN102271839B (en)
WO (1) WO2010122900A1 (en)

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CN104174825A (en) * 2013-05-24 2014-12-03 江苏海盛兴金属材料有限公司 Emergency ladle removing device
CN103752812B (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-11-18 马鞍山市双益机械制造有限公司 A kind of steel ladle covering/uncovering device and uncovery method thereof
CN103879739B (en) * 2014-04-01 2016-02-10 高旭 A kind of cinder ladle conveying arrangement
JP5959564B2 (en) * 2014-04-01 2016-08-02 新東工業株式会社 Ladle transport cart and molten metal transport line using it
CN106029258B (en) * 2014-09-17 2019-07-12 新东工业株式会社 Molten metal with elevating function receives the delivery method of trolley and received molten metal
CN105170963B (en) * 2015-09-16 2017-09-12 安徽永茂泰汽车零部件有限公司 Self-emptying type aluminium liquid transfer transport machine
CN105195725A (en) * 2015-09-16 2015-12-30 安徽永茂泰汽车零部件有限公司 Mobile type aluminum liquid transferring transportation machine
CN105195720A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-30 南通市煌埔机械制造有限公司 Automatic whole-process cover adding and taking device for train ladle
US10239114B2 (en) 2016-01-29 2019-03-26 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Systems and methods for transporting material
CN109732070B (en) * 2019-03-06 2021-01-19 大连理工高邮研究院有限公司 Automatic hot metal ladle covering and uncovering device and method convenient to use
CN109822083A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-05-31 江苏德龙镍业有限公司 A kind of online ladle heat insulation device
CN110947949A (en) * 2019-11-06 2020-04-03 上海金范机械铸造有限公司 Automatic ejection of compact type transfer conveyer

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JPS63140759A (en) * 1986-12-02 1988-06-13 Asahi Malleable Iron Co Ltd Molten metal carrying device
CN2185167Y (en) * 1994-02-28 1994-12-14 财团法人金属工业研究发展中心 Mechanism for tilting casting ladle
CN1050553C (en) * 1994-02-28 2000-03-22 财团法人金属工业研究发展中心 Automatic casting machine
JPH08174196A (en) * 1994-12-27 1996-07-09 Towa Kiko Kk Device for carrying molten metal
JP4115289B2 (en) * 2003-01-31 2008-07-09 株式会社栗本鐵工所 Ladle with lid
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CN200940065Y (en) * 2006-08-08 2007-08-29 沈阳铝镁设计研究院 Unpowered and automatic tensioning device used for charcoal clamp

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2010122900A1 (en) 2010-10-28
JP5627064B2 (en) 2014-11-19
CN102271839A (en) 2011-12-07
JPWO2010122900A1 (en) 2012-10-25

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