CN102209578A - 具有对称度指示装置的肢体锻炼设备 - Google Patents

具有对称度指示装置的肢体锻炼设备 Download PDF

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CN102209578A
CN102209578A CN2009801446854A CN200980144685A CN102209578A CN 102209578 A CN102209578 A CN 102209578A CN 2009801446854 A CN2009801446854 A CN 2009801446854A CN 200980144685 A CN200980144685 A CN 200980144685A CN 102209578 A CN102209578 A CN 102209578A
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安顿·雷克
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种人体用锻炼设备,所述锻炼设备具有分别用于双腿和/或双臂的、能连续转动的操纵元件和指示装置,所述指示装置设计成,显示出在所述操纵元件处进行的锻炼的对称度。

Description

具有对称度指示装置的肢体锻炼设备
技术领域
本发明涉及一种根据权利要求1的前序部分的、具有指示装置的锻炼设备。
背景技术
已知具有能连续转动的操纵元件和指示装置的锻炼设备的多种不同的实施方式。
例如在文献DE 10221775中描述了一种装置,借助该装置能够执行对称锻炼(Symmetrietraining)。
对称锻炼涉及,在锻炼中对于右侧或左侧以给定的方式、尤其是以尽可能均匀的方式对臂和/或腿的操纵元件、尤其是能连续转动的操纵元件加载。
在上述文献中公开了一种具有电子单元的锻炼设备,其中针对锻炼参数目标的与(左或右)侧有关的规定来配置该电子单元,以及设有用于产生光学、声学、触觉或嗅觉信息的装置或者说指示装置以用于指示与(左或右)侧有关的锻炼参数目标规定以及与之相当的实际参量和/或相对于所述实际参量的锻炼参数目标偏差。
本发明的目的是,能够实施更好的对称锻炼。
这个目的通过权利要求1的特征来实现。
从属权利要求中描述了本发明的有利扩展方案。
发明内容
本发明基于一种人体用锻炼设备,所述锻炼设备具有分别用于双腿和/或双臂的、能连续转动的操纵元件和指示装置,所述指示装置设计成,显示出在所述操纵元件处进行的锻炼的对称度。
本发明的核心在于,在所述指示装置上设有至少三个区域,其中,将一中央区域分派给一从完美的对称锻炼至对称锻炼的给定的下水平值的值域,在所述中央区域的左边和右边各设有至少一个另外的区域,将所述另外的区域分派给一具有比用于中央区域的对称锻炼的所述下水平值更低的水平值的值域;其中,根据所达到的对称锻炼程度,将一附加元素(组成部分)定位在所述区域之一上;其中,如果所述操纵元件的左侧被以过弱的方式操纵,则所述附加元素被定位在所述另外的区域中布置在所述中央区域左边的至少一个区域上,而如果所述操纵元件的右侧被以过弱的方式操纵,则所述附加元素被定位在所述另外的区域中布置在右边与所述中央区域相邻的至少一个区域上。
本发明基于的知识在于,通过这种措施以对于进行锻炼的人特别有激励性的方式反映出负载元件上的负载状态。
通过与根据本发明的对称锻炼的协调性要求相结合的心脏循环锻炼,要求进行锻炼的人最大限度地专注(集中精力)以执行对称锻炼模式。
由此,刺激了脑细胞之间的新连接(神经键)的形成。因此,例如对于中风的情况可由“完好”或新的关联区域(vernetzte Bereiche)来接管已损伤的脑区域的功能。
对于利用本发明的锻炼设备进行的锻炼,可以考虑所有脑退化的临床病征/症状。对于帕金森病和阿尔茨海默病可获得令人注意的成效。
发明人认为其因为在于,在遵照根据本发明的指示装置(进行活动)时身体锻炼与高脑力要求的结合,其通过对操纵数据的具体显示,不仅要求锻炼者继续锻炼,而且施加一高激励性的刺激以使锻炼者继续锻炼。
尤其是当锻炼者看到用于脑力的最高的专注力以及协调性的附加元素在中央区域上蹦跳而同时优胜者分数被显示出时,锻炼者感受到得到奖励,该优胜者分数由力参数10a、10b、转速参数9a、9b以及进行锻炼的人的耐力生成。
因此,通过所提出的对称锻炼,可以对尤其是神经学疾病、矫形外科疾病、神经肌肉疾病、新陈代谢疾病以及心脏循环系统疾病进行治疗。
如果例如锻炼设备上的右侧操纵元件以比左侧操纵元件更大的力和/或更高的转速运动,则附加元素根据测得的值从中央区域移入一右区域中。
也可以设想,当左侧操纵元件以更大的力和/或更高的转速运动时附加元素向右运动。这种反向功能可额外地增强进行锻炼的人的协调性和专注力。
在本发明的一优选构造方式中提出,对于在中央区域旁边位于左边和右边的区域,在其旁边在左边和右边各布置有其它的区域,根据对左侧操纵元件和右侧操纵元件的操纵的差别而将所述附加元素布置在所述其它的区域上。因此,在对称锻炼期间对值域进行更精细的分配。
在本发明的另外一优选构造方式中提出,所述区域与所述中央区域相距越远,则所述区域的高度越小。
其优点在于,借助各区域的下降的高度,特别形象地以可视方式显示出变差的对称度。
此外,在本发明的另一构造方式中提出,所述附加元素能依照对称度在所指示出的各区域之间水平地移动。
附加元素的在各区域之间的水平移动使得待锻炼的人能够在锻炼期间随时检查/控制和校正对称度。
此外,在附加元素开始从例如中央区域向左区域或右区域移动时,进行锻炼的人员便能修正对称度,所述左区域或右区域在左边或右边布置在中央区域旁边。在本发明的另一优选构造方式中提出,在附加元素变换区域时发出信号/进行通报(Signalisierung)。
如果例如附加元素从中央区域出发移动到一在左边或右边布置在中央区域旁边的左区域或右区域上,则该附加元素可以例如通过变换颜色或通过闪烁显示来向进行锻炼的人指示出:对称度从较高的对称度水平值移动至更低的对称度水平值。
在几乎均匀的对称锻炼中,布置在中央区域上方的附加元素进行竖直运动,尤其是进行蹦跳运动类型的、具有多个方向变换的竖直运动。
在本发明的另一优选构造方式中提出,所述指示装置适于同时指示出附加的锻炼参数,尤其是指示出力参数10a、10b、转速参数9a、9b、优胜者分数13,以用于比较。
补充于对称锻炼的各值域的分级区域的显示,可以在指示装置的图像表面/图形界面上指示出另外的锻炼参数。
对称锻炼所感兴趣的参数例如包括对力参数和转速参数的确定和显示,所述力参数被施加在操纵元件上,而所述转速参数反映了在进行锻炼的人运动时操纵元件的转速。
可设想,借助一计分系统将各个值域分派给分数值,所述分数值可以例如与对称度有关地作为单项分数或总分数在指示装置上示出。所述另外的参数例如包括当前的时间和/或当前的锻炼持续时间以及进行锻炼的人的脉搏。
另外,可指示出主动和被动的曲柄转速、所设定的负载级和通过脉搏频率向上或向下改变的负载级。
各个锻炼参数可例如组合成指示装置的图像表面上的指示块或多个指示块。
在本发明的另一优选构造方式中提出,设有一控制装置,该控制装置适于发出光学、声学或触觉的信息。
其优点在于,在不放弃最佳对称锻炼的所述优点的情况下,可使例如具有视力障碍或听力障碍的进行锻炼的人借助本发明的控制装置进行对称锻炼。
附图说明
从以下参照附图的描述得出本发明的另外的特征:
在此示出:
图1是用于执行对称锻炼的锻炼设备的透视图;
图2是指示装置的表面的示意图,其中偏离的对称度处于最优区域内;
图3是在最高对称度下进行锻炼时指示装置的图像表面的示意图;
图4是在一高对称度下进行锻炼指示装置的图像表面的示意图;
图5是在下降的对称度下进行锻炼时指示装置的图像表面的示意图。
具体实施方式
图1中示出锻炼设备20,该锻炼设备在上部区域中具有用于锻炼臂的、连续转动地被驱动的操纵元件17a、17b,该锻炼设备在下部区域中具有用于锻炼腿的、连续转动地被驱动的操纵元件18a、18b。另外,在臂操纵元件17a、17b的上方布置有控制装置1,该控制装置包括具有图像表面1b的指示装置1a。
锻炼设备20设计用于对称锻炼。
图2中示出控制装置1的示意图,该控制装置在中央位置处显示出指示装置1a的图像表面1b。在图像表面1b的图像中央示出多个并列布置的区域2、3、4、5、6,所述区域显示为条形区域。
所示区域2至6具有不同的高度。因此,形成为“领奖台”的类型。如果有必要,可使区域2至6各自的高度与锻炼设备20的操纵元件17a、17b;1a、1b的相应对称性的各值域相关联。
图2中示出附加元素7,该附加元素在锻炼期间依照所达到的对称度进行竖直运动。
在中央区域2旁边,分别在左边和右边布置有左区域4和右区域3,其与例如中等对称性的值域相关联。
此外,在所述中等对称性的右区域3和左区域4的旁边设有更靠右的区域5和更靠左的区域6,所述更靠右的区域和更靠左的区域与低对称性的值域相关联。
在区域指示部2至6的下方示出一球形的符号8,该球形符号在对称锻炼期间能依照所测得的对称度水平地移动。在此,球形符号8朝向对相应的操纵元件17a、17b;18a、18b的力分配最大的方向移动。
此外,在图像表面1b上示出另外的锻炼参数。这类锻炼参数例如是两个参数9a、9b,这两个参数反映出被动(由马达驱动)的曲柄转速9a和主动(由肌肉力引起)的曲柄转速9b。另外,示出“主动锻炼时间”23和“被动锻炼时间”24,所述主动锻炼时间和所述被动锻炼时间形成总锻炼时间26。
另外,设有对优胜者分数13的指示,其在锻炼期间和锻炼后指示出一分数值,该分数值与所达到的对称性相关联。根据锻炼设备20的操纵元件17a、17b;18a、18b的转速以及被设定的制动负载级,通过控制单元1产生所述分数值。
如果例如在操纵元件17a、17b或18a、18b的高转速下达到一最优的对称性,则附加元素7处于中央区域2的上方。在50∶50的均匀对称性下,附加元素7以“蹦跳的小人”的形式在中央区域2的上方进行运动。
在中央区域2内指示出左右对称性的百分比分配,其中,该数值例如从驱动相应操纵元件17a、17b或18a、18b的力值或转速值得出。
为了指示出进行锻炼的人的当前的脉搏频率15,在图像表面1b上设置另一区域,其中,脉搏频率15的值可同时用于升高或降低操纵元件(17a、17b;18a、18b)的负载级。
针对与脉搏有关的负载控制预先设定一脉搏范围(上限和下限)16,该脉搏范围在锻炼期间自动地调节负载级。在此,例如借助耳夹或通过在锻炼设备20的扶手/扶栏处的接触面来检测进行锻炼的人的脉搏频率15。通过相应的符号21、例如心形的符号在控制装置1的图像表面1b上指示出脉搏控制的锻炼。在例如为160的、在医学上很关键的脉搏频率值15下,例如可指示出一闪烁的符号21并且停止锻炼设备以保护患者。
在脉搏控制的对称锻炼中,在图像表面1b上附加地示出力参数10a、10b。
为了设定力参数和转速参数,在图像表面1b的下方布置有按键22a、22b,通过这些按键能改变相应参数的值。
在围绕图像表面1b的区域中布置有另外的按键19a至19h,通过这些按键19a至19h可调用或者是指示出用于执行对称锻炼的另外的锻炼参数(未更详细地示出)。
图3中示出根据图2的指示装置1a的图像表面1b,其中,附加元素7在高对称性的中央区域2中以“蹦跳的小人”的形式进行竖直移动。同时,在中央区域2中,在对称性值14的百分比分配的上方示出“蹦跳的小人”所进行的愉快蹦跳的总数25,其中,可以使愉快蹦跳的数值25与对称度相关联。
此外,图3中示出附加元素7的“跳起”的状态。在对称锻炼中,通过高的对称性来触发所述竖直移动。
在此,球形符号8沿水平方向居中布置,在不相同的对称锻炼中,在时间上先移动该球形符号,随后才移动附加元素7。在当前情况下,在指示装置1a中,对于百分比的对称分配14对于运动操纵元件17a、17b或18a、18b的左侧和右侧示出相同的数值。
计分系统11依照相应的对称区域2至6示出所达到的单个分数,其中,以脉搏控制的方式进行对称锻炼。
图4中示出控制装置1的图像表面1b,其中,示出的球形标志8沿如下的方向移动:在该方向中,锻炼设备20的被操纵的操纵元件17b;18b以与相应对置的操纵元件17a、18a相比更大的力消耗被操纵。
附加元素7以及球形符号8分别以水平移动的方式布置在中央区域2中和区域2至6的下方,其中,附加元素7不进行竖直移动。
由于对称性降低,按百分比示出的数值14不相等。
图5中在控制装置1的图像表面1b上示出降低的对称性,其中,由于在锻炼设备20的两个操纵元件17a、17b;18a、18b之间的对称性偏差高,附加元素7移动地布置在左区域4上。在时间上在附加元素7的水平移动之前,产生球形符号8的移动,所述球形符号8的移动由于对操纵元件17a、17b;18a、18b的不均匀操纵被触发。
附图标记列表:
1控制装置
1a指示装置
1b图像表面(指示装置)
2高对称性的中央区域
3中等对称性的右区域
4中等对称性的左区域
5低对称性的右区域
6低对称性的左区域
7附加元素
8球形符号
9a转动参数-被动(马达驱动)
9b转动参数-主动(肌肉驱动)
10a预先设定的力参数
10b能通过脉搏频率改变的力参数
11与锻炼相关的计分系统,
12时间参数或者说主动/被动时间参数
13优胜者分数
14按百分比的左/右对称性
15当前的脉搏频率
16预先设定的脉搏范围
17a锻炼臂的操纵元件
17b锻炼臂的操纵元件
18a锻炼腿的操纵元件
18b锻炼腿的操纵元件
19a按键
19b按键
19c按键
19d按键
19e按键
19f按键
19g按键
19h按键
20锻炼设备
21脉搏控制的锻炼的标志
22a力参数的按键
22b转速参数的按键
23“主动”锻炼时间
24“被动”锻炼时间
25愉快蹦跳
26总锻炼时间

Claims (8)

1.一种人体用锻炼设备,所述锻炼设备具有分别用于双腿和/或双臂的、能连续转动的操纵元件(17a、17b;18a、18b)和指示装置(1a),所述指示装置设计成,显示出在所述操纵元件(17a,17b;18a;18b)处进行的锻炼的对称度,
其特征在于,
在所述指示装置(1a)上设有至少三个区域(2至6),其中,将一中央区域(2)分派给一从完美的对称锻炼至一给定的、对称锻炼的下水平值的值域,在所述中央区域(2)的左边和右边各设有至少一个另外的区域(3、4;5、6),将所述另外的区域分派给一具有比对称锻炼的所述下水平值更低的水平值的值域;其中,根据所达到的对称锻炼的程度,将一附加元素(7)定位在所述区域(2至6)之一上;其中,如果所述操纵元件的左侧(17a、18a)被以过弱的方式操纵,则所述附加元素(7)被定位在所述至少一个另外的区域(3、4;5、6)中布置在所述中央区域(2)左边的区域上,而如果所述操纵元件(17b、18b)的右侧被以过弱的方式操纵,则所述附加元素(7)被定位在所述至少一个另外的区域(3、4)中在右边或左边位于所述中央区域(2)旁边的区域上。
2.根据权利要求1所述的锻炼设备,其特征在于,对于在左边和右边与所述中央区域(2)相邻的区域(3、4),在左边和右边相邻地各设有其它的区域(5、6),根据对左侧操纵元件和右侧操纵元件(17a、17b;18a、18b)的操纵的差别而将所述附加元素(7)布置在所述其它的区域(5、6)上。
3.根据上述权利要求中任一项所述的锻炼设备,其特征在于,所述区域(3、4、5、6)与所述中央区域(2)相距越远,则所述区域(3、4;5、6)的高度越小。
4.根据上述权利要求中任一项所述的锻炼设备,其特征在于,所述附加元素(7)能依照对称度在所指示出的各区域(2、3、4、5、6)之间水平地移动。
5.根据上述权利要求中任一项所述的锻炼设备,其特征在于,在所述附加元素(7)变换区域时发出信号。
6.根据上述权利要求中任一项所述的锻炼设备,其特征在于,所述指示装置(1a)适于同时指示出附加的锻炼参数,尤其是指示出力参数(10a、10b)、转速参数(9a、9b)、优胜者分数(13),以用于比较。
7.根据上述权利要求中任一项所述的锻炼设备,其特征在于,设有一控制装置(1),所述控制装置适于发出光学、声学或触觉信息。
8.根据上述权利要求中任一项所述的锻炼设备,其特征在于,所述控制装置(1)适用于产生脉搏控制的锻炼,其中,一能被设定的脉搏区域(16)向下或向上地在相应操纵元件(17a、17b;18a、18b)上对制动的负载级进行调节。
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