CN102195526A - Two-axis automatic tracking solar photovoltaic power generation device - Google Patents

Two-axis automatic tracking solar photovoltaic power generation device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102195526A
CN102195526A CN2011101382090A CN201110138209A CN102195526A CN 102195526 A CN102195526 A CN 102195526A CN 2011101382090 A CN2011101382090 A CN 2011101382090A CN 201110138209 A CN201110138209 A CN 201110138209A CN 102195526 A CN102195526 A CN 102195526A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar photovoltaic
rotary type
supporting bracket
bracing frame
type reductor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011101382090A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王兴华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TAITONG TAIZHOU INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
TAITONG TAIZHOU INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TAITONG TAIZHOU INDUSTRY Co Ltd filed Critical TAITONG TAIZHOU INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011101382090A priority Critical patent/CN102195526A/en
Publication of CN102195526A publication Critical patent/CN102195526A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention relates to a two-axis automatic tracking solar photovoltaic power generation device which has low cost and is rapidly mounted. The device comprises a solar photovoltaic assembly, a platform supporting frame, a bracket, a lifting mechanism and a control system, wherein the platform supporting frame provided with the solar photovoltaic assembly is arranged at the upper end of the bracket; the bracket comprises a three-legged support which is fixedly arranged on the ground, a rotary speed reducer which is arranged at the upper end of the three-legged support, and a supporting bracket; an inner ring of the rotary speed reducer is fixed with the three-legged support and an outer ring of the rotary speed reducer is fixed with the supporting bracket; the upper part of the supporting bracket is hinged with the platform supporting frame through a rotating shaft; an extension block is arranged on one side of the supporting bracket; the lifting mechanism is arranged on the extension block; an upper end of a motion piece is hinged on the platform supporting frame; and signal control ends of a rotary speed reducer motor and the lifting mechanism are connected with a control signal output end of the control system respectively. In the device, the structure of the tracking solar photovoltaic power generation device is greatly simplified, the cost is reduced, and the cost performance is improved.

Description

The diaxon tracking solar photovoltaic generator automatically
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of diaxon tracking solar photovoltaic generator automatically, belong to application of solar.
Background technology
In the prior art, use the photovoltaic power generation apparatus of automatic sun tracking device, improved the irradiating angle of sunlight, effectively improved solar energy utilization ratio, obtained generally acknowledging of photovoltaic those skilled in the art with respect to photovoltaic module.Wherein, be good with the diaxon tracking solar photovoltaic generator automatically especially, it can regulate the azimuth from motion tracking can regulate the elevation angle from motion tracking again, make sunlight all the time vertical irradiation realized the solar energy optimum utilization at solar collector.Because the high synergy of two-axis tracking device is the emphasis of competitively researching and developing now.
Solar energy has that quantity is big, the time is permanent, the characteristics of clean and safe, and its photovoltaic power generation technology is deeply promoted and studied abroad.Yet along with reasons such as the electricity price of European countries such as Germany is turned down, the whole surpluses of photovoltaic production capacity, the photovoltaic module price is kept falling in recent years.
In recent years, China's photovoltaic industry became the maximum manufacture of solar cells state in the whole world at one stroke with the fast development of multiplication speed.Yet the country comparatively ripe with Application of Solar Energy market developments such as Germany, the U.S. compares, and the Application of Solar Energy market development of China at present obviously lags behind, and China exports to foreign countries above 90% photovoltaic module.Influencing solar cell applies except the reason of policy, also because its cost is too high, in case the cost of photovoltaic generation can be competed with conventional energy resource (coal, oil, natural gas), even as long as lower than wind energy, so domestic market will start on a large scale.Therefore, further reduce manufacturing cost, reduce artificial installation cost, improving conversion efficiency of solar cell is the key that solar cell is able to large-scale application.
Up to the present, the domestic also not two-axis tracking device appearance of process scale engineering verification.Chinese patent CN200820040115.3 title " tracking solar photovoltaic generator automatically ", it comprises pedestal, turntable bearing, solar photovoltaic assembly, battery platform, support, lift, control system, by the gear teeth on the engagement turntable bearing inner ring in the planetary reducer output gear, promote turntable bearing inner ring, turntable bearing lid and be installed in the support drive photovoltaic module mounting plane rotation that turntable bearing covers, be implemented in the azimuthal tracking of thing.Elevating lever by lift drives the battery platform and rotates around the axis, on elevation direction to sunlight from motion tracking.This patent is the diaxon tracking solar photovoltaic generator, can be implemented in simultaneously on azimuth and the elevation direction from motion tracking sunray incident angle, can absorb sunlight to greatest extent, than fixed installation synergy more than 35%, than single-shaft tracking system synergy more than 15%.Its weak point part is, complex structure, tracking motor power is big, installation cost is high, more is applicable to the Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) of larger area solar photovoltaic assembly.
Summary of the invention
At the defective that exists in the above-mentioned prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of simple in structure and stable, diaxon tracking solar photovoltaic generator automatically that cost is low.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
The diaxon tracking solar photovoltaic generator automatically, comprise solar photovoltaic assembly, platform bracing frame, support, elevating mechanism, lifting motor and control system, the platform bracing frame comprises crossbeam and longeron, solar photovoltaic assembly is installed on the platform bracing frame, elevating mechanism connects the platform bracing frame, and described support comprises and is fixedly installed in ground three-legged support, rotary type reductor, rotary type reductor motor and supporting bracket; Rotary type reductor, rotary type reductor motor and supporting bracket are installed in the upper end of three-legged support; The inner ring and the three-legged support of described rotary type reductor fix, and the outer ring of described rotary type reductor and the lower end of supporting bracket fix; The upper end of described supporting bracket and platform bracing frame are hinged by rotating shaft; Described supporting bracket one side is provided with stretches out piece, and described elevating mechanism is installed on and stretches out on the piece; The signal controlling end of described rotary type reductor motor and lifting motor is connected with the control signal output ends of control system respectively.
Further technical scheme is: described elevating mechanism is articulated in by pivot pin and stretches out on the piece; The movement parts upper end of described elevating mechanism is articulated on the platform bracing frame by pivot pin.
After the control signal of control system output azimuth, rotary type reductor machine operation, its inner ring turns over respective angles with respect to the outer ring, drives supporting bracket and then drive solar photovoltaic assembly by the platform bracing frame to turn over the respective party parallactic angle.
After the control signal of the control system output elevation angle, lifting motor work, elevating mechanism promotes platform bracing frame drive solar photovoltaic assembly and turns over the corresponding elevation angle.
Compound control by control system, rotary type reductor motor, lifting motor can be worked simultaneously, can be implemented in azimuth and elevation direction simultaneously and regulate the sunray incident angle, realize having guaranteed to absorb to greatest extent sunlight from the effect of motion tracking sunray.
Compared with prior art, the present invention substitutes " W " or " V " shape support with three-legged support, substitute turntable bearing with rotary type reductor motor, substitute the ground cast with screw pile, simplify the structure greatly, reduced cost, improved cost performance, and make installation more convenient, can adapt to complicated harsh outdoor environment for use.Diaxon tracking solar photovoltaic generator automatically of the present invention has very strong wind resistance, and it can bear maximum wind velocity and reach 145km/h.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of diaxon tracking solar photovoltaic generator automatically of the present invention.Wherein: 1 solar photovoltaic assembly; 2 platform bracing frames; 3 pivot pins; 4 elevating mechanisms; 5 pivot pins; 6 lifting motors; 7 three-legged supports; 8 rotary type reductor motors; 9 rotary type reductors; 10 stretch out piece; 11 supporting brackets; 12 king-pins; 13 screw piles.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the present invention is done explanation in further detail.
Referring to accompanying drawing 1, low-cost Fast Installation diaxon tracking solar photovoltaic generator automatically shown in the present, it comprises three-legged support 7, rotary type reductor 9, supporting bracket 11, solar photovoltaic assembly 1, platform bracing frame 2, elevating mechanism 4, several major parts of control system, platform bracing frame 2, king-pin 12 hinged supporting bracket 11 upper ends that are installed on of solar photovoltaic assembly 1 are installed, three-legged support 7 is fixedly installed on the ground by screw pile 13, and rotary type reductor 9 and supporting bracket 11 are installed on three-legged support 7 upper ends.Fixedly connected with rotary type reductor 9 inner rings in three-legged support 7 upper ends, fixedly connected with rotary type reductor 9 outer rings in supporting bracket 11 lower ends, rotary type reductor 9 is driven by rotary type reductor motor 8, supporting bracket 11 1 sides have the piece of stretching out 10, elevating mechanism 4 is articulated in by pivot pin 5 and stretches out on the piece 10, elevating mechanism 4 upper ends are articulated on the platform bracing frame 2 by pivot pin 3, and the signal controlling end of rotary type reductor motor 8 and lifting motor 6 is connected with the control signal output ends of control system respectively.
Because three-legged support 7 is fixed with ground, rotary type reductor 9 inner rings are fixedlyed connected motionless with three-legged support 7, when control system provides 8 work of control signal driving rotational formula reductor motor, under the effect of reaction force, rotary type reductor 9 outer rings drive supporting bracket 11 and rotate, the platform bracing frame 2 and the photovoltaic module 1 that are installed on supporting bracket 11 upper ends rotate, and this just is implemented in the azimuthal tracking of thing.
When control system provides control signal and drives lifting motor 6 work, drive the platform bracing frame 2 that solar photovoltaic assembly 1 is housed by elevating mechanism 4 and rotate around king-pin 12, be implemented on the elevation direction to sunlight from motion tracking.
The foregoing description is a two-axis tracking device, and the assembly erection space is 57m 2, it is ± 120 ° that angular range is followed the tracks of at the azimuth, and it is 0~60 ° that angular range is followed the tracks of at the elevation angle, and the separate unit maximum power is 8kw.Be suitable for all types of solar components, compared with prior art, simplify the structure greatly, reduced cost, improved cost performance, and make installation more convenient, can adapt to complicated harsh outdoor environment for use.
Under inventive concept of the present invention, the present invention has multiple concrete form of implementation, and this reads those skilled in the art and need not pay creative work behind this specification and can reveal again, has not just described in detail at this.

Claims (3)

1. diaxon tracking solar photovoltaic generator automatically, comprise solar photovoltaic assembly (1), platform bracing frame (2), support, elevating mechanism (4), lifting motor (6) and control system, platform bracing frame (2) comprises crossbeam and longeron, solar photovoltaic assembly (1) is installed on the platform bracing frame (2), elevating mechanism (4) connects platform bracing frame (2), it is characterized in that described support comprises and is fixedly installed in ground three-legged support (7), rotary type reductor (9), rotary type reductor motor (8) and supporting bracket (11); Rotary type reductor (9), rotary type reductor motor (8) and supporting bracket (11) are installed in the upper end of three-legged support (7); The inner ring of described rotary type reductor (9) and three-legged support (7) fix, and the lower end of the outer ring of described rotary type reductor (9) and supporting bracket (11) fixes; The upper end of described supporting bracket (11) and platform bracing frame (2) are hinged by rotating shaft; Described supporting bracket (11) one sides are provided with stretches out piece (10), and described elevating mechanism (4) is installed on and stretches out on the piece (10); The signal controlling end of described rotary type reductor motor (8) and lifting motor (6) is connected with the control signal output ends of control system respectively.
2. diaxon tracking solar photovoltaic generator automatically according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described elevating mechanism (4) is articulated in by pivot pin (5) and stretches out on the piece (10); The movement parts upper end of described elevating mechanism (4) is articulated on the platform bracing frame (2) by pivot pin (3).
3. diaxon tracking solar photovoltaic generator automatically according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described three-legged support (7) is fixedly installed in ground by screw pile (13).
CN2011101382090A 2011-05-26 2011-05-26 Two-axis automatic tracking solar photovoltaic power generation device Pending CN102195526A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101382090A CN102195526A (en) 2011-05-26 2011-05-26 Two-axis automatic tracking solar photovoltaic power generation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101382090A CN102195526A (en) 2011-05-26 2011-05-26 Two-axis automatic tracking solar photovoltaic power generation device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102195526A true CN102195526A (en) 2011-09-21

Family

ID=44603046

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011101382090A Pending CN102195526A (en) 2011-05-26 2011-05-26 Two-axis automatic tracking solar photovoltaic power generation device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102195526A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102541076A (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-07-04 曾宪来 Solar tracker
CN103607561A (en) * 2013-11-07 2014-02-26 广东电网公司惠州供电局 Video supervision terminal
CN108631711A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-10-09 安徽志成机械科技有限公司 A kind of solar panel mounting bracket with rotation and lifting function

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201328088Y (en) * 2008-12-17 2009-10-14 江阴博润新能源科技有限公司 V-shaped double-shaft solar energy tracking mechanism
CN201328087Y (en) * 2008-12-17 2009-10-14 江阴博润新能源科技有限公司 T-shaped double-shaft solar energy tracking mechanism
DE102008023549A1 (en) * 2008-05-14 2009-11-19 Dieckmann, Klaus E., Dipl.-Ing. Gimbal-mounted process surface for solar-tracking photovoltaic system, has solar panel provided with solar modules and fastened to support, which is rotatably fastened around two axes by universal joint
CN202111640U (en) * 2011-05-26 2012-01-11 泰通(泰州)工业有限公司 Double-shaft auto-tracking solar photovoltaic generator

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102008023549A1 (en) * 2008-05-14 2009-11-19 Dieckmann, Klaus E., Dipl.-Ing. Gimbal-mounted process surface for solar-tracking photovoltaic system, has solar panel provided with solar modules and fastened to support, which is rotatably fastened around two axes by universal joint
CN201328088Y (en) * 2008-12-17 2009-10-14 江阴博润新能源科技有限公司 V-shaped double-shaft solar energy tracking mechanism
CN201328087Y (en) * 2008-12-17 2009-10-14 江阴博润新能源科技有限公司 T-shaped double-shaft solar energy tracking mechanism
CN202111640U (en) * 2011-05-26 2012-01-11 泰通(泰州)工业有限公司 Double-shaft auto-tracking solar photovoltaic generator

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102541076A (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-07-04 曾宪来 Solar tracker
CN103607561A (en) * 2013-11-07 2014-02-26 广东电网公司惠州供电局 Video supervision terminal
CN108631711A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-10-09 安徽志成机械科技有限公司 A kind of solar panel mounting bracket with rotation and lifting function

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201213244Y (en) Automatic following solar energy photovoltaic electricity generating device
CN201319572Y (en) Photovoltaic generating unit automatically tracking the sun
CN104765383B (en) A kind of wind-solar combined generating set
CN105840410B (en) Wing oscillating ocean current energy generator
CN202652112U (en) Photosensitive type linkage flat single shaft tracking solar energy photovoltaic generating set
CN202423318U (en) Steel structure bracket of biaxial tracking system
CN204631631U (en) A kind of flat axle flake type twin shaft Double-linkage follows the tracks of holder device
CN107181451A (en) A kind of solar energy photovoltaic panel follows the trail of adjusting means
CN109842360A (en) A kind of efficiency power generation photovoltaic solar device
CN102195526A (en) Two-axis automatic tracking solar photovoltaic power generation device
CN202031781U (en) Wind energy generator
CN109245670A (en) A kind of wind light mutual complementing power generation umbrella of intelligent control
CN205566190U (en) Solar cell panel's angle adjusting device
CN201821298U (en) Photosensitive single-shaft tracking solar photovoltaic power generator
CN201869124U (en) Single-shaft tracking single-driving double-array device
CN201898462U (en) Two-shaft type automatic tracking solar photovoltaic generating device
CN202111640U (en) Double-shaft auto-tracking solar photovoltaic generator
CN205945593U (en) Honourable complementary power generation system of building integration
CN102468782A (en) Two-shaft automatic solar-tracking photovoltaic generating device
CN106936372A (en) A kind of wind light mutual complementing integral type electrification structure
CN204633686U (en) Single flake type tracking support with double shafts device
CN204613759U (en) A kind of disc type photovoltaic tracking device
CN201623663U (en) Photovoltaic automatic reversing chassis capable of pitching
CN208154854U (en) A kind of solar energy support frame convenient for adjusting
CN201563076U (en) Large-scale double-shaft solar tracking mechanism

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20110921