CN102166390B - High-rise fire safety escape device with escape hatch - Google Patents

High-rise fire safety escape device with escape hatch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102166390B
CN102166390B CN2011101412965A CN201110141296A CN102166390B CN 102166390 B CN102166390 B CN 102166390B CN 2011101412965 A CN2011101412965 A CN 2011101412965A CN 201110141296 A CN201110141296 A CN 201110141296A CN 102166390 B CN102166390 B CN 102166390B
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China
Prior art keywords
escape
steel
escape compartment
rope
fire
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CN2011101412965A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102166390A (en
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金来兴
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金来兴
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Publication of CN102166390B publication Critical patent/CN102166390B/en

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of high-rise escape, in particular to a high-rise fire safety escape device with an escape hatch. The upper part of a rope retraction mechanism is connected onto a telescopic suspending mechanism, and the lower part of the rope retraction mechanism is connected onto an upper suspending position of the escape hatch. A stainless steel plate is covered to the external surface of the framework of the escape hatch, a heat insulating layer is spread on the internal surface of the stainless steel plate, a hatch door for personnel to go in and out the escape hatch is arranged on the side face of the escape hatch, and the upper part of the hatch door is provided with a movable window. The rope retraction mechanism is a motor-driven rope retraction mechanism with a motor powered by a storage battery, or a manual rope retraction mechanism or a combination of the electric rope retraction mechanism and the manual rope retraction mechanism. The high-rise fire safety escape device is driven in a manner combining electric driving and manual driving, can accommodate 5-10 people or dozens of people for escaping simultaneously, has the advantages of strong applicability, reasonable structure and good safety, is convenient to store and is applicable to high-rise escape equipment for many people to escape once in families, units and the like.

Description

The fire in high buildings safe escape device of band escape compartment

Technical field

The invention belongs to the high-rise life saving technical field, refer in particular to a kind of fire in high buildings safe escape device with escape compartment.

Background technology

Along with application, the development of Building technology and the increasing of population of building industry construction material, the minimizing of land use area, what the floor that people's office or dwelling house use covered is increasingly high; Yet; The fire of high-rise building constantly took place both at home and abroad in recent years, owing to lack survival equipment, each fire is accompanied by a large amount of personnel's death, severe injury or disables; Though also have some high-rise life saving equipment that patent application is arranged or put goods on the market; Its weak point is: the one, and poor stability causes range of application limited, can not popularize; The 2nd, mostly be single escape apparatus, many man-hours are arranged in the room, everyone utilizes escape apparatus will take the regular hour, and the escape chance of giving the back is seldom.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of fire in high buildings safe escape device that once can supply the band escape compartment of many people's escapes.

The objective of the invention is to realize like this:

The fire in high buildings safe escape device of band escape compartment; Include the rope jack; What the top of rope jack was connected on the telescopic hitch, the bottom of rope jack is connected escape compartment goes up on the suspension position; Described telescopic hitch is: the I-steel that is arranged in parallel up and down more than two is arranged; The top transverse slat of the I-steel of upside is provided with fixed head, and adjacent two I-steel are slidingly connected through slide mechanism, on the downside transverse slat of the I-steel of lower side the slip hanger bracket is set; The rope external part of rope jack is connected on the slip hanger bracket, and the outer end of each I-steel all is fixedly connected with the limited block of slide mechanism and slip hanger bracket; Described escape compartment is: be fixed with vertical beam, top and the bottom at the middle part of housing and be fixed with crossbeam respectively and form square or polygon is circular or oval-shaped escape compartment framework; Be coated with firm and fireproof sheet material in the escape compartment frame outer; Inner surface firm and fireproof sheet material is equipped with one deck thermal insulation layer; Offering on the side of escape compartment that hatch door, top that the confession personnel pass in and out escape compartment is provided with can closed or open top cover; Described rope jack is electronic or manual rope jack or its combination; Described electronic rope jack is that motor via reducer structure and clutch drive the rotation of rope folding and unfolding wheel, and controls the rotating that battery is motor power supply and motor by two-direction switch.

Above-mentioned fixed head has two, is separately positioned on the two ends of top transverse slat of the I-steel of upside, and fixed head is provided with installing hole.

Two travelling carriages that are provided with at interval before and after above-mentioned slide mechanism comprises; The front slide frame is: the top of the connecting plate of U type is fixedly connected on the front portion of the downside transverse slat of the I-steel of side on adjacent two I-steel; The lower, transverse of connecting plate is equipped with wheel shaft; Roller is installed on the wheel shaft, and roller is from stretching between two transverse slats of downside I-steel and can rolling at the lower surface of the upper cross plate of downside I-steel; Described back travelling carriage is: the upper lateral of connecting plate that the bottom of the connecting plate of U type is fixedly connected on rear end, the U type of the upside transverse slat of side I-steel under adjacent two I-steel is equipped with wheel shaft; Roller is installed on the wheel shaft, and the upper and lower sides that roller stretches into the downside transverse slat of upside I-steel respectively also can roll on the upper and lower surfaces of upside I-steel lower cross plate.

Above-mentioned slip hanger bracket is: inwardly be horizontally arranged with wheel shaft on the top biside plate of U template respectively; Roller is installed on the wheel shaft; Roller stretch into the lower side I-steel the downside transverse slat upper surface and can on the upper surface of the downside transverse slat of this I-steel, roll; The base plate of U template is provided with hanging ring or choosing hook, and the flexible external part of the rope of rope jack is suspended on described hanging ring or the choosing hook.

Above-mentioned fixed connection is welding or riveted joint or bolt connection.

The lower surface of above-mentioned escape compartment base plate is provided with damping device.

Above-mentioned damping device is snubber block or damping spring.

Above-mentioned battery is arranged in the rope jack or the bottom of escape compartment.

The bottom of above-mentioned escape compartment is fitted with battery charger.

Above-mentioned firm and fireproof sheet material is stainless steel materials.

The present invention compares the outstanding and beneficial technical effects of prior art:

1, escape compartment of the present invention can supply 2-10 people or tens of people to take the escape compartment escape simultaneously, and can use back and forth, has practiced thrift escape time greatly, brings the hope of surviving for the people of fire disaster escaping.

2, just fixed head of the present invention is installed in the top of high building balcony at ordinary times; The time spent can not be suspended on a side of high building balcony, pulls out the I-steel of telescopic hitch during use, makes escape compartment and external walls of building that certain spacing distance arranged; Can not collide each other; Can many people take an escape compartment realization escape fast, be in stand-by state at ordinary times, the time spent is quick and easy.

3, the present invention adopt electronic with manually combine, adaptability is strong.

4, have can closed or open top cover in the present invention, and thermal insulation layer is arranged inside,, can pass ignition zone safely, and can prevent that rainwater drenches during the landing escape from the top.

5, of the present invention rational in infrastructure, security is good, is convenient to deposit, and is applicable to that the high-rise life saving equipment of disposable many people's escapes such as family, unit uses.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is one of structural principle sketch map of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the front slide frame of telescopic hitch of the present invention and the annexation cutaway view of slip hanger bracket and I-steel.

Fig. 3 is the back travelling carriage of telescopic hitch of the present invention and the annexation cutaway view of I-steel.

Fig. 4 is two of a structural principle sketch map of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

The present invention is further described with specific embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing; Referring to Fig. 1-4: the fire in high buildings safe escape device of band escape compartment; Include rope jack 6; The top of rope jack 6 is connected going up on the suspension position 74 that telescopic hitch A goes up, the bottom of rope jack 6 is connected escape compartment 7; Described telescopic hitch A is: the I-steel 1,2 that is arranged in parallel up and down more than two is arranged; The top transverse slat 12 of the I-steel 1 of upside is provided with fixed head 8, and adjacent two I-steel 1,2 are slidingly connected through slide mechanism, on the downside transverse slat 23 of the I-steel 2 of lower side slip hanger bracket 5 are set; The rope external part of rope jack 6 is connected on the slip hanger bracket 5 through linking up with 61, and the outer end of each I-steel 1,2 all is fixedly connected with the limited block 11 and 21 of slide mechanism and slip hanger bracket 5; Described escape compartment 7 is: be fixed with vertical beam 72, top and the bottom at the middle part of housing 71 and be fixed with crossbeam 74 respectively and form square or polygon is circular or oval-shaped escape compartment framework; Be coated with firm and fireproof sheet material in the escape compartment frame outer; Inner surface firm and fireproof sheet material is equipped with one deck thermal insulation layer; On the side of escape compartment, offer hatch door 73, top that the confession personnel pass in and out escape compartment be provided with can be closed or open top cover for escape personnel's respiratory ventilation; Described rope jack is electronic or manual rope jack or its combination; Described electronic rope jack is that motor 67 drives 64 rotations of rope folding and unfolding wheel through reducing gear 66 and clutch 65; And be that motor 67 is supplied power and the rotating of motor 67 by two-direction switch 69 control batteries 68; Manually the rope jack is the structure of high-rise escape apparatus common in the prior art; When clutch 65 is in released state with rope folding and unfolding wheel 64; Can use stretching or contracting of hand gear control rope with the up-down of control escape compartment, high-rise escape apparatus (for example application number is: 201010218250.4 a kind of escaping device from fire disaster, application number are: 201010505404.8 a kind of escape device, application number are: 201010195096.3 escape device for high-rise buildings etc.) and the structure of electrical hoist be prior art, detail no longer one by one at this.

Above-mentioned fixed head 8 has two, is separately positioned on the two ends of top transverse slat 12 of the I-steel 1 of upside, and fixed head 8 is provided with installing hole 81, is used for fixing on the ceiling of balcony or on the special stand.

Two travelling carriages 3,4 that are provided with at interval before and after above-mentioned slide mechanism comprises; Front slide frame 4 is: the top of the connecting plate 41 of U type is fixedly connected on the front portion of the downside transverse slat 13 of the I-steel 1 of side on adjacent two I-steel 1,2; The lower, transverse of connecting plate 41 is equipped with wheel shaft 411; Roller 43 is installed on the wheel shaft 411, roller 43 from two transverse slats 22 of downside I-steel 2, stretch between 23 and can roll at the lower surface of the upper cross plate 22 of downside I-steel 2; Described back travelling carriage 3 is: the bottom of the connecting plate 31 of U type is fixedly connected on the rear end of the upside transverse slat 22 of side I-steel 2 under adjacent two I-steel 1,2, connecting plate 31 upper lateral of U type are equipped with wheel shaft 32; Roller 33 is installed on the wheel shaft 32, and the upper and lower sides that roller 33 stretches into the downside transverse slat 13 of upside I-steel 1 respectively also can roll on the upper and lower surface of upside I-steel 1 lower cross plate 13.

Above-mentioned slip hanger bracket 5 is: inwardly be horizontally arranged with wheel shaft 52 on the top biside plate 511 of U template 51 respectively; Roller 53 is installed on the wheel shaft 52; Roller 53 stretch into the lower side I-steel 2 downside transverse slat 23 upper surface and can on the upper surface of the downside transverse slat 23 of this I-steel 2, roll; The base plate 512 of U template 51 is provided with hanging ring 54 or choosing hook, and the flexible external part of the rope 63 of rope jack 6 is suspended on described hanging ring 54 or the choosing hook through linking up with 61.

Above-mentioned fixed connection is welding or riveted joint or bolt connection.

The lower surface of above-mentioned escape compartment base plate is provided with damping device 79.

Above-mentioned damping device 79 is snubber block or damping spring.

Above-mentioned battery 68 is arranged in the rope jack 6 or the bottom of escape compartment 7.

The bottom of above-mentioned escape compartment 7 is fitted with battery charger.

Above-mentioned firm and fireproof sheet material is stainless steel materials.

The foregoing description is merely preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not to limit protection scope of the present invention according to this, so: all equivalences of doing according to structure of the present invention, shape, principle change, and all should be covered by within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. be with the fire in high buildings safe escape device of escape compartment; Include the rope jack; It is characterized in that: what the top of rope jack was connected on the telescopic hitch, the bottom of rope jack is connected escape compartment goes up on the suspension position; Described telescopic hitch is: the I-steel that is arranged in parallel up and down more than two is arranged; The top transverse slat of the I-steel of upside is provided with fixed head, and adjacent two I-steel are slidingly connected through slide mechanism, on the downside transverse slat of the I-steel of lower side the slip hanger bracket is set; The rope external part of rope jack is connected on the slip hanger bracket, and the outer end of each I-steel all is fixedly connected with the limited block of slide mechanism and slip hanger bracket; Described escape compartment is: be fixed with vertical beam, top and the bottom at the middle part of housing and be fixed with crossbeam respectively and form square or polygon is circular or oval-shaped escape compartment framework; Be coated with firm and fireproof sheet material in the escape compartment frame outer; Inner surface firm and fireproof sheet material is equipped with one deck thermal insulation layer; Offering on the side of escape compartment that hatch door, top that the confession personnel pass in and out escape compartment is provided with can closed or open top cover; Described rope jack is electronic or manual rope jack or its combination; Described electronic rope jack is that motor via reducer structure and clutch drive the rotation of rope folding and unfolding wheel, and controls the rotating that battery is motor power supply and motor by two-direction switch.
2. the fire in high buildings safe escape device of band escape compartment according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described fixed head has two, is separately positioned on the two ends of top transverse slat of the I-steel of upside, and fixed head is provided with installing hole.
3. the fire in high buildings safe escape device of band escape compartment according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: two travelling carriages that are provided with at interval before and after described slide mechanism comprises; The front slide frame is: the top of the connecting plate of U type is fixedly connected on the front portion of the downside transverse slat of the I-steel of side on adjacent two I-steel; The lower, transverse of connecting plate is equipped with wheel shaft; Roller is installed on the wheel shaft, and roller is from stretching between two transverse slats of downside I-steel and can rolling at the lower surface of the upper cross plate of downside I-steel; Described back travelling carriage is: the upper lateral of connecting plate that the bottom of the connecting plate of U type is fixedly connected on rear end, the U type of the upside transverse slat of side I-steel under adjacent two I-steel is equipped with wheel shaft; Roller is installed on the wheel shaft, and the upper and lower sides that roller stretches into the downside transverse slat of upside I-steel respectively also can roll on the upper and lower surfaces of upside I-steel lower cross plate.
4. the fire in high buildings safe escape device of band escape compartment according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described slip hanger bracket is: inwardly be horizontally arranged with wheel shaft on the top biside plate of U template respectively; Roller is installed on the wheel shaft; Roller stretch into the lower side I-steel the downside transverse slat upper surface and can on the upper surface of the downside transverse slat of this I-steel, roll; The base plate of U template is provided with hanging ring or choosing hook, and the flexible external part of the rope of rope jack is suspended on described hanging ring or the choosing hook.
5. the fire in high buildings safe escape device of band escape compartment according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described fixed connection is welding or riveted joint or bolt connection.
6. the fire in high buildings safe escape device of band escape compartment according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the lower surface of described escape compartment base plate is provided with damping device.
7. the fire in high buildings safe escape device of band escape compartment according to claim 6 is characterized in that: described damping device is snubber block or damping spring.
8. the fire in high buildings safe escape device of band escape compartment according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described battery is arranged in the rope jack or the bottom of escape compartment.
9. according to the fire in high buildings safe escape device of claim 1 or 8 described band escape compartments, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described escape compartment is fitted with battery charger.
10. the fire in high buildings safe escape device of band escape compartment according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described firm and fireproof sheet material is stainless steel materials.
CN2011101412965A 2011-05-28 2011-05-28 High-rise fire safety escape device with escape hatch CN102166390B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101412965A CN102166390B (en) 2011-05-28 2011-05-28 High-rise fire safety escape device with escape hatch

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101412965A CN102166390B (en) 2011-05-28 2011-05-28 High-rise fire safety escape device with escape hatch

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CN102166390A CN102166390A (en) 2011-08-31
CN102166390B true CN102166390B (en) 2012-08-22

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Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102631753A (en) * 2012-02-06 2012-08-15 郑敏芳 Electric life-saving elevator capable of operating in floors in reciprocating manner
CN103507959A (en) * 2013-07-23 2014-01-15 朱志强 Bionic independent hole type escape capsule
CN103816617B (en) * 2014-03-08 2016-08-24 金来兴 Many friction pulleys controlled brake swing type high-rise rescue device
CN104689492B (en) * 2015-03-18 2017-11-07 金来兴 Solar energy or AC frequency conversion charging accumulator DC driven high-altitude safe rescue cabin
CN106466510A (en) * 2015-08-15 2017-03-01 刘小龙 Multipurpose folding high altitude escape storehouse
CN105920749A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-09-07 金来兴 Efficient multi-drive brake high-rise rescue escape device
CN109107058A (en) * 2018-07-19 2019-01-01 辛现伟 A kind of high building fire fighting rescue system
CN111111025A (en) * 2019-01-26 2020-05-08 贾守富 Self-rescue slow descent cabin for fire
CN111450427A (en) * 2020-04-29 2020-07-28 青岛滴都生命保障救援设备科技有限公司 Fire emergency escape device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0165415A2 (en) * 1984-05-15 1985-12-27 Air-Zermatt Ag Method of rescuing passengers from arrested carrying units of aerial ropeways, and rescue device for carrying out the method
US4951779A (en) * 1989-11-02 1990-08-28 Tseng Ching Kun Multiuser high-rise building fire escape device
CN101518675A (en) * 2008-02-29 2009-09-02 白孝林 High-rise building escape equipment
CN102000400A (en) * 2010-12-06 2011-04-06 中原工学院 Collective and autonomous escape device for high-rise buildings
CN202086968U (en) * 2011-05-28 2011-12-28 金来兴 Safe lifesaving device with escaping capsule in fire hazard of high buildings

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0165415A2 (en) * 1984-05-15 1985-12-27 Air-Zermatt Ag Method of rescuing passengers from arrested carrying units of aerial ropeways, and rescue device for carrying out the method
US4951779A (en) * 1989-11-02 1990-08-28 Tseng Ching Kun Multiuser high-rise building fire escape device
CN101518675A (en) * 2008-02-29 2009-09-02 白孝林 High-rise building escape equipment
CN102000400A (en) * 2010-12-06 2011-04-06 中原工学院 Collective and autonomous escape device for high-rise buildings
CN202086968U (en) * 2011-05-28 2011-12-28 金来兴 Safe lifesaving device with escaping capsule in fire hazard of high buildings

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