CN102064217A - Low power concentration photovoltaic/thermal integrated single-axis tracing system - Google Patents

Low power concentration photovoltaic/thermal integrated single-axis tracing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102064217A
CN102064217A CN2010105805846A CN201010580584A CN102064217A CN 102064217 A CN102064217 A CN 102064217A CN 2010105805846 A CN2010105805846 A CN 2010105805846A CN 201010580584 A CN201010580584 A CN 201010580584A CN 102064217 A CN102064217 A CN 102064217A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
low
support stand
pipe
cooling
solar energy
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Pending
Application number
CN2010105805846A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王兴华
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TAITONG TAIZHOU INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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TAITONG TAIZHOU INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Application filed by TAITONG TAIZHOU INDUSTRY Co Ltd filed Critical TAITONG TAIZHOU INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Priority to CN2010105805846A priority Critical patent/CN102064217A/en
Publication of CN102064217A publication Critical patent/CN102064217A/en
Priority to CN2011102294970A priority patent/CN102254981B/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

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  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a mechanical and electrical integrated device which can control automatic tracing of the incident angles of solar rays in the azimuth direction and efficiently absorb solar energy to the hilt. A low power concentration photovoltaic/thermal integrated single-axis tracing system is characterized by cooling a condensing photovoltaic assembly with a water pipe, transferring cooling water to a frontal split solar thermal collector after cooling and preheating the cooling water in cooling pipelines and transferring the cooling water to a water tank after efficiently heating the cooling water. The tracing system has a simple structure, good mechanical strength, wide range of application and high solar radiation energy utilization efficiency, is reliable to operate and convenient to install, is a whole novel mechanical and electrical system from tracing systems to remote monitoring and from roof to ground and has a good application prospect in photovoltaic industry and whole-field application space in the aspect of integrating the solar thermal collector system.

Description

Low-concentration light-heat integration single-shaft tracking system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar collector efficient heat-collecting device that both can be used as, can be implemented in single shaft absorbs the low-concentration solar irradiation to greatest extent when motion tracking sunray incident angle electromechanical integration Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) again simultaneously.
Background technology
Along with The development in society and economy and growth in the living standard, people are also consuming the increasing energy when pursuing more comfort living.It is reported that in developed country, building energy consumption accounts for 40% of total energy consumption, in China, this ratio is about 25%, occupies various energy consumptions first place, wherein consumes more than 50% on heating in the winter time and the summer refrigeration air-conditioner.Along with energy supply pressure in the world wide is increasingly sharpened, the energy will become the principal element of restriction various countries economy.For this reason, China has proposed the strategy of social economy and energy sustainable development, builds a conservation-minded society, and makes great efforts to reduce the energy resource consumption of per GDP when realizing the national economy fast development.And building trade is as the big power consumer, energy-saving potential is huge, greatly develop and promote novel building power-saving technologies such as exterior-wall heat insulation, solar energy optical-thermal and photoelectricity, earth source heat pump, heat pipe and phase change heat storage material, when improving constantly people's living environment comfort level, reduce the architectural energy consumption total amount, effectively alleviate the imbalance between supply and demand of the energy, both had the real economy meaning, have the great social significance and the value of environmental protection again.
Photothermal integrated formula solar collector is that solar energy power generating and photo-thermal are integrated in one, and can use equally under the more weak situation of external power supply and intensity of illumination not having.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of single-shaft tracking system, make low-concentration photovoltaic assembly and solar collector to gather effectively and be one.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Low-concentration light-heat integration single-shaft tracking system, comprise mounting system, low-concentration structure, collecting system and gyrobearing angle regulating device, the low-concentration structure is made up of reflective platform, photovoltaic module, collecting system comprises cooling pipe and solar energy heat collection pipe, cooling pipe is installed in the back side of photovoltaic module, solar energy heat collection pipe is installed on the front of photovoltaic module, and described cooling pipe is connected with the water inlet of described solar energy heat collection pipe.
System of the present invention is by the reflective coating glass of special angle, and realizing flashes back the sunlight reaches the purpose of low-concentration, has increased photovoltaic energy density more effectively, has reduced the quantity of photovoltaic module, reduces infrastructure cost simultaneously greatly; The circuit design at the photovoltaic module back side, for the assembly of low-concentration dispels the heat, can play simultaneously is pre-heat effect before the solar collector heating; System adopts forced flow control, and uses unidirectional valve control, allows hot channel be in relative low-temperature condition all the time, has greatly increased thermal conversion efficiency simultaneously; Whole system communicates by two-way GSM short message mode or Ethernet, but the data of its relevant running status of remote monitoring not only, and also can carry out long-range adjustment simultaneously and control its running status.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of tracking system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of rotation platform of the present invention azimuth adjusting device.
Embodiment
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Low-concentration light-heat integration single-shaft tracking system as shown in Figure 1, the low-concentration structure is made up of reflective platform 2-1, photovoltaic module platform 2-2; Collecting system is made up of photovoltaic module platform 2-2, cooling pipe 2-3 and solar energy heat collection pipe 2-4; The back side design cooling pipe 2-3 of photovoltaic module, cooling pipe 2-3 at first dispels the heat to the low-concentration assembly, simultaneously ducted water is carried out preheating, enters solar collector by unidirectional valve then, after reaching predetermined temperature, imports in the hot water.System adopts forced flow control, water temperature to solar energy heat collection pipe 2-4 is monitored, adopt forced flow after reaching predetermined temperature, the hot channel of the water inlet of solar collector and photovoltaic module uses unidirectional valve control simultaneously, all the time allow hot channel be in relative low-temperature condition, increased thermal conversion efficiency simultaneously greatly.
In the supporting structure of system, the end portion array of support is provided with reflective platform 2-1, the high end of support is provided with the array photovoltaic module, on the front of photovoltaic module, place solar energy heat collection pipe 2-4 simultaneously, the entire bracket system is made up of front support stand 1-1, rear support stand 1-2 and pipe bracing frame 1-3, array is provided with rotation platform 2 on mounting system simultaneously, and rotation platform 2 ends are provided with and drive the rotation platform azimuth adjusting device that rotation platform 2 is done left and right sides deflection adjusting.
As shown in Figure 2, the gyrobearing angle regulating device is made up of rotation platform 2, rear support stand 1-2 and industrial line handspike 3, and an end of industrial line handspike 3 is connected with rotation platform 2, and the other end of industrial line handspike 3 is connected with rear support stand 1-2.Aspect azimuthal tracking, adopt 3 linear movements of motor-driven industry line handspike, launch and shrink to drive rotation platform 2 upsets by driving industrial line handspike 3, to realize the tracking of photovoltaic module mounting plane on east-west direction, its motion control adopts high-precision transducer and high-accuracy reaction type industry push rod to follow the tracks of angle as the feedback of performance element to control it.The industry push rod adopts the output of high accuracy linear voltage, makes performance element realize high-precision angle tracking, can guarantee the steady running of whole system, thereby make that the reliability of whole system long-time running is higher.
The mechanical structure of system of the present invention is simply novel, intensity is high, can bear very big dynamic loading, can adapt to the environment of installing and using on most of roof.Its elementary structure parameter is: north and south is apart from 5.6m, and easting is from 4.2m, and it is ± 60 ° that angular range is followed the tracks of at the azimuth, and can bear maximum wind velocity is 145km/h, and single maximum power is 1.6kw; The photovoltaic module mounting plane that is adopted can be installed most of assemblies (the simple transformation) of present photovoltaic manufacturer production, its mounting seat need not to preset platform, can be directly and the house frame connection, the manufacturing assembling is easy, installation and maintenance are convenient, the assembly flexibility ratio is big, and the cost performance of whole system is higher; Employing realizes monitoring based on two-way GSM way of short messages or Ethernet, not only has adaptability widely, can realize the monitoring function of overlength distance fast, but also realize remote control function, can adjust its running status at any time.

Claims (5)

1. low-concentration light-heat integration single-shaft tracking system, comprise mounting system, the low-concentration structure, collecting system and gyrobearing angle regulating device, the low-concentration structure is by reflective platform (2-1), photovoltaic module (2-2) is formed, collecting system comprises cooling pipe (2-3) and solar energy heat collection pipe (2-4), it is characterized in that, cooling pipe (2-3) is installed in the back side of photovoltaic module (2-2), solar energy heat collection pipe (2-4) is installed on the front of photovoltaic module (2-2), and described cooling pipe (2-3) is connected with the water inlet of described solar energy heat collection pipe (2-4).
2. low-concentration light-heat integration single-shaft tracking system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described mounting system is made up of front support stand (1-1), rear support stand (1-2) and pipe bracing frame (1-3), described rear support stand (1-2) is higher than front support stand (1-1), and described pipe bracing frame (1-3) connects front support stand (1-1) and rear support stand (1-2).
3. low-concentration light-heat integration single-shaft tracking system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described mounting system is provided with rotation platform (2), described gyrobearing angle regulating device is positioned at the end of rotation platform (2), and form by rotation platform (2), rear support stand (1-2) and industrial line handspike (3), one end of industry line handspike (3) is connected with described rotation platform (2), and the other end is connected with described rear support stand (1-2).
4. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described low-concentration light-heat integration single-shaft tracking systems, it is characterized in that: described cooling pipe (2-3) adopts unidirectional valve control with being connected of solar energy heat collection pipe (2-4).
5. low-concentration light-heat integration single-shaft tracking system according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described tracking system adopts based on two-way GSM way of short messages or Ethernet and realizes monitoring.
CN2010105805846A 2010-12-09 2010-12-09 Low power concentration photovoltaic/thermal integrated single-axis tracing system Pending CN102064217A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105805846A CN102064217A (en) 2010-12-09 2010-12-09 Low power concentration photovoltaic/thermal integrated single-axis tracing system
CN2011102294970A CN102254981B (en) 2010-12-09 2011-08-11 Low-power condensing photo-thermal integrated single axis tracking system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105805846A CN102064217A (en) 2010-12-09 2010-12-09 Low power concentration photovoltaic/thermal integrated single-axis tracing system

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CN2011102294970A Expired - Fee Related CN102254981B (en) 2010-12-09 2011-08-11 Low-power condensing photo-thermal integrated single axis tracking system

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104483979A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-04-01 国家电网公司 Novel linkage heliostat

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108073190A (en) * 2017-12-31 2018-05-25 郑州市第建筑工程集团有限公司 Skyscraper wall solar cell supporting plate link-type regulating device outside window

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JP2004317027A (en) * 2003-04-16 2004-11-11 Matsushita Electric Works Ltd Solar heat collector
JP2007180484A (en) * 2005-09-28 2007-07-12 Tec Okazaki:Kk Sun-tracking system
JP2008151490A (en) * 2006-12-20 2008-07-03 Electric Power Dev Co Ltd Photovoltaic power generation heat collection unit
CN201213244Y (en) * 2008-06-25 2009-03-25 泰州中盛泰通光电有限公司 Automatic following solar energy photovoltaic electricity generating device
CN201319572Y (en) * 2008-12-18 2009-09-30 泰通(泰州)工业有限公司 Photovoltaic generating unit automatically tracking the sun
CN201409099Y (en) * 2009-03-17 2010-02-17 浙江同星光电科技有限公司 Solar energy condensing power generation system with cooling device
CN101709597B (en) * 2009-07-10 2011-04-27 王子韩 Concentrating solar tile capable of supplying heat and generating power
CN101783630B (en) * 2009-12-08 2012-02-01 江苏中显集团有限公司 Solar power generation heat collecting method and special device thereof
CN101826818A (en) * 2009-12-26 2010-09-08 欧贝黎新能源科技股份有限公司 High-concentration photo-thermal complementing device for user
CN202004006U (en) * 2010-12-09 2011-10-05 泰通(泰州)工业有限公司 Low concentration optothermal integration homotaxial tracking system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104483979A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-04-01 国家电网公司 Novel linkage heliostat

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CN102254981A (en) 2011-11-23

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Open date: 20110518