CN101995864B - Monitoring system and method for distributed charging piles - Google Patents

Monitoring system and method for distributed charging piles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101995864B
CN101995864B CN201010508215A CN201010508215A CN101995864B CN 101995864 B CN101995864 B CN 101995864B CN 201010508215 A CN201010508215 A CN 201010508215A CN 201010508215 A CN201010508215 A CN 201010508215A CN 101995864 B CN101995864 B CN 101995864B
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China
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charging pile
charging
surveillance center
monitoring
monitor terminal
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CN201010508215A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101995864A (en
Inventor
杨晴
张林山
杜朝波
崔玉峰
杨家全
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云南电力试验研究院(集团)有限公司
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Priority to CN201010508215A priority Critical patent/CN101995864B/en
Publication of CN101995864A publication Critical patent/CN101995864A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The invention relates to a monitoring system and method for distributed charging piles. The monitoring system comprises a monitoring center, a partition monitor terminal and a charging pile local monitoring system, wherein the monitoring center is used for intensively controlling the charging piles and the operation state thereof, integrally controlling and transmitting time division or real-time electrovalence information of the charging piles, and collecting and managing electric energy charging information of the charging piles; the partition monitor terminal is used for intensively collecting and storing the data of a plurality of charging piles distributed dispersedly in a certain area, forwarding the data to the monitoring center according to the preset mode, and forwarding a monitor command given by the monitoring center to the charging piles; and the charging pile local monitoring system is used for monitoring, managing and protecting the charging process of the charging piles, measuring and charging the charging electric energy, collecting and uploading the charging pile information, as well as the operation state information and the measuring and charging information of the charging piles to the partition monitor terminal, and receiving and carrying out the monitoring command given by the monitoring center. In the invention, the electric automobile charging piles distributed dispersedly can be effectively and conveniently controlled, the reliability of the charging piles can be improved, the operation and maintenance cost of the charging piles can be reduced, and the center data storing burden can be reduced.

Description

Distributed charging pile supervisory system and method for supervising
Technical field
The invention belongs to the charging electric vehicle technical field, relate to distributed charging pile supervisory system and method for supervising.
Background technology
Along with the anxiety of petroleum resources and the development of battery technology, with the electric automobile inexorable trend that the of new generation energy-conservation and environmentally friendly vehicle of representative becomes automobile industry development.Along with the development of electric automobile, increasing to the demand of public charging device.
Centralized charging station need set up dedicated line and be equipped with power equipment, and floor area is big, cost is high, can't can not satisfy the demand that electric automobile charges at any time with communal facility flexible configuration such as road, parking lot, sub-districts.Can according to the market demand flexibly, dispersed placement, for electric automobile provides the charging pile of power supply, be referred to as distributed charging pile among the present invention.Along with popularizing of electric automobile from now on; Inevitable in the residential quarter, a large amount of distributed charging piles of place dispersed placement such as parking lot, megastore and some vehicle compact districts, problems such as the monitoring of these distributed charging piles, management, Maintenance and Repair will constantly highlight.At present, on the market still needleless and can't adapt to the monitoring management of the distributed charging pile of dispersed placement to the charging station monitoring management system of centralized charging station to the monitoring management system of a large amount of distributed charging piles.In addition, if the information of the charging pile of each dispersed placement is directly passed to the monitoring management infosystem, to build difficulty big for complicacy, system to adopt wired mode to connect up, and adopts wireless mode then to take the more communication resource, communications cost is high.Therefore, demand urgently providing distributed charging pile supervisory system and method for supervising to address the above problem.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide distributed charging pile supervisory system and method for supervising, be used for the electric automobile charging pile of the some dispersed placement of remote monitoring, solve the monitoring management problem of the distributed charging pile of dispersed placement.
The present invention realizes through following technical proposals.
The invention provides distributed charging pile supervisory system, be used for the electric automobile charging pile of the some dispersed placement of remote monitoring, system comprises:
Surveillance center; Be used for stake of concentrate tube controlled charging and running state information thereof; Unified management and control, the timesharing that issues charging pile or Spot Price information, and collection management charging pile electric energy metrical charge information, described Surveillance center comprises monitoring host computer and monitoring front machine; Described monitoring host computer is integrated with all supervision of Surveillance center, control and management function, and described monitoring front machine is used to carry out the unified of data and gathers;
One or more subregion monitor terminals; The charging pile local monitor system that reaches the charging pile of the interior some dispersed placement in certain zone with Surveillance center is connected; Be used for the data of the charging pile of the some dispersed placement in certain zone are concentrated collection, storage and are forwarded to Surveillance center according to predetermined way; And the monitored instruction of assigning to charging pile forwarding Surveillance center, described subregion monitor terminal comprises processor controls unit and the memory cell, uplink communication interface unit, the downlink communication interface unit that are electrically connected with the processor controls unit;
A plurality of charging pile local monitor system; Be used for monitoring, management and protection charging pile charging process; Rechargeable electrical energy is carried out metering and billing; Gather and upload running state information, the metering and billing information of charging pile to the subregion monitor terminal, and receive, carry out the monitored instruction that Surveillance center assigns, the system integration of described charging pile local monitor is in charging pile.
Preferably, described Surveillance center is ethernet communication or wireless public network communication to the communication mode of described subregion monitor terminal.
Preferably, described subregion monitor terminal is a power line carrier, PLC to the communication mode of described charging pile local monitor system.
Alternatively, described Surveillance center also comprise GPS to the time device.
Preferably, in the described Surveillance center, monitoring host computer and monitoring front machine adopt two redundant configuration.
Alternatively, described subregion monitor terminal also comprises the GPS positioning unit that is electrically connected with the processor controls unit, and described GPS positioning unit is connected with antenna.
Alternatively, described subregion monitor terminal also comprises the management maintenance interface unit that is electrically connected with the processor controls unit.
Preferably, described charging pile local monitor system comprises master controller CPU and the charge circuit main switching control, charging socket, human-computer interaction device, communicator, electric energy measuring equipment, the card reader that are electrically connected with master controller CPU.
The present invention also provides a kind of distributed charging pile method for supervising, comprising:
Monitored instruction is assigned to charging pile by A, Surveillance center, or the subregion monitor terminal is assigned the survey of calling together of calling the charging pile information of storing in the survey subregion monitor terminal together instruct;
Described monitored instruction comprise Spot Price instruction, remote reset signal, to the time signal etc.
B, the monitored instruction of assigning according to Surveillance center, the subregion monitor terminal is assigned Surveillance center to charging pile monitored instruction is transmitted to corresponding charging pile local monitor system, forwards step C to; Or survey instruction according to calling together of assigning of Surveillance center, the subregion monitor terminal is uploaded the data message of the survey of calling together, forwards step F to;
The monitored instruction that C, the Surveillance center that transmits according to the subregion monitor terminal assign, charging pile local monitor system execution command content;
D, charging pile local monitor system upload data message according to predetermined condition to the subregion monitor terminal;
E, subregion monitor terminal receive the data message that each charging pile local monitor system uploads, and store or store and be transmitted to Surveillance center by predetermined way;
F, Surveillance center receive the data message that the subregion monitor terminal is uploaded, and carry out analyzing and processing.
Monitored instruction of the present invention comprise Spot Price instruction, remote reset signal and to the time signal.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows; Can monitor the electric automobile charging pile of dispersed placement effectively, easily, improve the operational reliability of charging pile, reduce charging pile operation and maintenance cost; Alleviated Surveillance center's data storage burden, and described charging pile supervisory control system running cost is lower.
According to the present invention; Through Surveillance center to the concentrated management and control of charging pile and running state information thereof, the unified management of timesharing or Spot Price information is assigned, rechargeable electrical energy metering and billing information collecting is managed; For example: in time overhaul thereby can in time grasp the charging pile abnormal conditions; Need not separately each charging pile to be provided with thereby can unify to assign the Spot Price instruction, thereby make the distributed charging pile of dispersed placement obtain effective monitoring, be convenient to maintenance and management; Through of related data information concentration of transmissions and the storage administration of subregion monitor terminal to the some charging piles in certain zone, practiced thrift the communication resource and communications cost, the supervisory control system running cost is reduced, and alleviated Surveillance center's data storage burden.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the general structure synoptic diagram of the distributed charging pile supervisory system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is Surveillance center's structural representation of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the subregion monitor terminal structural representation of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the charging pile local monitor system architecture synoptic diagram of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the basic flow sheet of a kind of distributed charging pile method for supervising of the present invention.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment to further detailed explanation of content of the present invention.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the invention provides distributed charging pile supervisory system, be used for the electric automobile charging pile of the some dispersed placement of remote monitoring, system comprises Surveillance center, one or more subregion monitor terminal, and a plurality of charging pile local monitor system.Be described in detail in the face of supervisory system of the present invention down.
Surveillance center is used for stake of concentrate tube controlled charging and running state information thereof, unified management and control, the timesharing that issues charging pile or Spot Price information, and collection management charging pile electric energy metrical charge information.
The subregion monitor terminal is connected with the charging pile local monitor system that Surveillance center reaches the charging pile of the interior some dispersed placement in certain zone; Be used for the data of the charging pile of the some dispersed placement in certain zone are concentrated collection, storage and are forwarded to Surveillance center according to predetermined way, and transmit the monitored instruction that Surveillance center assigns to charging pile.
Charging pile local monitor system is used for monitoring, management and protection charging pile charging process; Rechargeable electrical energy is carried out metering and billing; Gather and upload running state information, the metering and billing information of charging pile to the subregion monitor terminal; And receive, carry out the monitored instruction that Surveillance center assigns, the system integration of described charging pile local monitor is in charging pile.
Surveillance center adopts ethernet communication with communicating by letter of subregion monitor terminal.When the fiber optic Ethernet construction condition does not satisfy, adopt wireless communication technologys such as wireless public network GPRS/CDMA, guarantee transmission safety, stable, reliable.
The subregion monitor terminal adopts power line carrier, PLC with the communicating by letter of charging pile local monitor system of dispersed placement.In order to guarantee higher communication speed, adopt the power line carrier, PLC of OFDM orthogonal frequency division multiplexi.When the power line carrier, PLC performance difficulty, adopt cordless communication network according to field condition, like cordless communication networks such as Zigbee, RFID technology.When subregion monitor terminal and distributed charging pile distance are far away, possibly influence proper communication, add the respective communication repeater this moment on link, guarantees that communication network is stable, reliable.
As shown in Figure 2, Surveillance center comprises monitoring host computer and monitoring front machine.Monitoring host computer and monitoring front machine adopt two redundant configuration.Monitoring host computer is integrated with all supervision of Surveillance center, control and management function.The monitoring front machine is used to carry out the unified of data and gathers.
Surveillance center also comprise GPS to the time device, be used to realize time service function to Surveillance center, subregion monitor terminal and charging pile local monitor system.
The Surveillance center intercommunication adopts 100M high speed Dual-Ethernet based on ICP/IP protocol as communication network.
The communication equipment network switch adopts the EPA switch, and the network enabled storm suppresses and the network traffics control function, adopts distributed exchange Processing Structure, and the total interface module all has the ability of local autonomous exchange.
As shown in Figure 3, the subregion monitor terminal comprises processor controls unit and the memory cell, uplink communication interface unit, downlink communication interface unit, GPS positioning unit and the antenna thereof that are electrically connected with the processor controls unit, and the management maintenance interface unit.
The processor controls unit is a CPU element, adopts ARM7 or ARM9 processor controls chip.
Storer is used to store the data message from charging pile local monitor system.
The uplink communication interface unit is that Network Interface Module is or/and the GPRS/CDMA wireless communication module is realized the communication function with Surveillance center.
The downlink communication interface unit is power carrier emission and receiver module, realizes the power line carrier, PLC with charging pile local monitor system.
The GPS positioning unit is the timely maintenance, maintenance for the ease of the subregion monitor terminal and being provided with; Controlled processing unit connects through GPS positioning unit and antenna, guarantees when Surveillance center's system is called survey together or according to predetermined condition, to position and restoring to normal position information.Through the GPS positioning unit, also can know the roughly geographic range at certain charging pile that is connected with subregion monitor terminal place easily.
The management maintenance interface unit is RS232 interface module or usb interface module, is used for connecting with portable computer.The system maintenance personnel can inquire about, safeguard subregion monitor terminal or the charging pile that is attached thereto through the management maintenance interface unit.
During practical implementation,, be responsible for data transmission and storage between distributed charging pile and the Surveillance center according to scale and the quantity configure partition monitor terminal that distributed charging pile in certain geographic area is arranged.
As shown in Figure 4, charging pile local monitor system comprises master controller CPU and the charge circuit main switching control, charging socket, human-computer interaction device, communicator, electric energy measuring equipment, the card reader that are electrically connected with master controller CPU.The system integration of charging pile local monitor is in charging pile.
Main control CPU adopts ARM7 or ARM9 processor controls chip.
Charge circuit main switching control and charging socket are the chief components in charging electric vehicle loop.Usually, the charging electric vehicle loop is connected to form by main switching control (2), holding circuit, charging socket (3), by the supply network power supply, is connected to the charging electric vehicle interface through CA cable assembly, for the charging of batteries of electric automobile group provides power supply.The charge circuit main switching control is by its folding of main control CPU control.
Charging socket comprise data-interface and the power interface with electric automobile.Charging socket be meant being connected of its data-interface and main control CPU of main control CPU.Main control CPU is through the data-interface of charging socket, can obtain the confirmation signal that is connected of charging socket and electric automobile, thereby knows the situation that is connected of charging socket and electric automobile.
Electric energy measuring equipment is connected through the RS485 interface with master controller CPU, and information such as charging electric vehicle electric flux are provided.Electric energy measuring equipment is realized the metering of charging electric vehicle electric flux through being electrically connected with the charging electric vehicle loop, but and measuring voltage, current information.
Card reader is used for the charging stored value card is carried out reading and writing data.Preferably, card reader is a card swallow type card reader.Master controller CPU reads the charging electric vehicle information about power, reads and writes charging stored value card information through card reader through electric energy measuring equipment, thereby realizes the metering and billing of charging electric vehicle.
As shown in Figure 5, the present invention also provides a kind of distributed charging pile method for supervising, comprising:
Monitored instruction is assigned to charging pile by A, Surveillance center, or the subregion monitor terminal is assigned the survey of calling together of calling the charging pile information of storing in the survey subregion monitor terminal together instruct;
Described monitored instruction comprise Spot Price instruction, remote reset signal, to the time signal etc.
B, the monitored instruction of assigning according to Surveillance center, the subregion monitor terminal is assigned Surveillance center to charging pile monitored instruction is transmitted to corresponding charging pile local monitor system, forwards step C to; Or survey instruction according to calling together of assigning of Surveillance center, the subregion monitor terminal is uploaded the data message of the survey of calling together, forwards step F to;
The monitored instruction that C, the Surveillance center that transmits according to the subregion monitor terminal assign, charging pile local monitor system execution command content;
D, charging pile local monitor system upload data message according to predetermined condition to the subregion monitor terminal;
Described predetermined condition comprises the monitored instruction of Surveillance center, charge abnormal conditions, charge capacity situation etc.
E, subregion monitor terminal receive the data message that each charging pile local monitor system uploads, and store or store and be transmitted to Surveillance center by predetermined way;
Described predetermined way comprises the treatment mechanism of carrying out to the classification of data message, for example: Surveillance center is stored and be transmitted to the charging abnormal information, single charge electric energy metrical charge information is stored etc.
F, Surveillance center receive the data message that the subregion monitor terminal is uploaded, and carry out analyzing and processing.
According to the present invention; Through Surveillance center to the concentrated management and control of charging pile and running state information thereof, the unified management of timesharing or Spot Price information is assigned, rechargeable electrical energy metering and billing information collecting is managed; Thereby make the distributed charging pile of dispersed placement obtain effective monitoring, be convenient to maintenance and management; Through of related data information concentration of transmissions and the storage administration of subregion monitor terminal, practiced thrift the communication resource and communications cost, and alleviated Surveillance center's data storage burden the some charging piles in certain zone.

Claims (10)

1. distributed charging pile supervisory system is used for the electric automobile charging pile of the some dispersed placement of remote monitoring, it is characterized in that this system comprises:
Surveillance center; Be used for stake of concentrate tube controlled charging and running state information thereof; Unified management and control, the timesharing that issues charging pile or Spot Price information, and collection management charging pile electric energy metrical charge information, described Surveillance center comprises monitoring host computer and monitoring front machine; Described monitoring host computer is integrated with all supervision of Surveillance center, control and management function, and described monitoring front machine is used to carry out the unified of data and gathers;
One or more subregion monitor terminals; The charging pile local monitor system that reaches the charging pile of the interior some dispersed placement in certain zone with Surveillance center is connected; Be used for the data of the charging pile of the some dispersed placement in certain zone are concentrated collection, storage and are forwarded to Surveillance center according to predetermined way; And the monitored instruction of assigning to charging pile forwarding Surveillance center, described subregion monitor terminal comprises processor controls unit and the memory cell, uplink communication interface unit, the downlink communication interface unit that are electrically connected with the processor controls unit;
An above charging pile local monitor system; Be used for monitoring, management and protection charging pile charging process; Rechargeable electrical energy is carried out metering and billing; Gather and upload running state information, the metering and billing information of charging pile to the subregion monitor terminal, and receive, carry out the monitored instruction that Surveillance center assigns, the system integration of described charging pile local monitor is in charging pile.
2. distributed charging pile supervisory system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described Surveillance center is ethernet communication or wireless public network communication to the communication mode of described subregion monitor terminal.
3. distributed charging pile supervisory system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described subregion monitor terminal is a power line carrier, PLC to the communication mode of described charging pile local monitor system.
4. distributed charging pile supervisory system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described Surveillance center also comprise GPS to the time device.
5. distributed charging pile supervisory system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, in the described Surveillance center, monitoring host computer and monitoring front machine adopt two redundant configuration.
6. distributed charging pile supervisory system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described subregion monitor terminal also comprises the GPS positioning unit that is electrically connected with the processor controls unit, and described GPS positioning unit is connected with antenna.
7. distributed charging pile supervisory system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described subregion monitor terminal also comprises the management maintenance interface unit that is electrically connected with the processor controls unit.
8. distributed charging pile supervisory system according to claim 1; It is characterized in that described charging pile local monitor system comprises master controller CPU and the charge circuit main switching control, charging socket, human-computer interaction device, communicator, electric energy measuring equipment, the card reader that are electrically connected with master controller CPU.
9. the method for supervising of a distributed charging pile supervisory system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, comprising:
Monitored instruction is assigned to charging pile by A, Surveillance center, or the subregion monitor terminal is assigned the survey of calling together of calling the charging pile information of storing in the survey subregion monitor terminal together instruct;
B, the monitored instruction of assigning according to Surveillance center, the subregion monitor terminal is assigned Surveillance center to charging pile monitored instruction is transmitted to corresponding charging pile local monitor system, forwards step C to; Or survey instruction according to calling together of assigning of Surveillance center, the subregion monitor terminal is uploaded the data message of the survey of calling together, forwards step F to;
The monitored instruction that C, the Surveillance center that transmits according to the subregion monitor terminal assign, charging pile local monitor system execution command content;
D, charging pile local monitor system upload data message according to predetermined condition to the subregion monitor terminal;
E, subregion monitor terminal receive the data message that each charging pile local monitor system uploads, and store or store and be transmitted to Surveillance center by predetermined way;
F, Surveillance center receive the data message that the subregion monitor terminal is uploaded, and carry out analyzing and processing.
10. the method for supervising of distributed charging pile supervisory system according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described monitored instruction comprise Spot Price instruction, remote reset signal and to the time signal.
CN201010508215A 2010-10-15 2010-10-15 Monitoring system and method for distributed charging piles CN101995864B (en)

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