CN103136914A - TD-LTE wireless network-based automatic meter reading system - Google Patents

TD-LTE wireless network-based automatic meter reading system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103136914A
CN103136914A CN 201110377317 CN201110377317A CN103136914A CN 103136914 A CN103136914 A CN 103136914A CN 201110377317 CN201110377317 CN 201110377317 CN 201110377317 A CN201110377317 A CN 201110377317A CN 103136914 A CN103136914 A CN 103136914A
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China
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data
power information
real
module
time
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CN 201110377317
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XINJIANG ELECTRIC POWER CONSTRUCTION DEBUGGING INSTITUTE
INSTITUTE OF ELECTRIC POWER SCIENCES XINJIANG ELECTRIC POWER Co
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Original Assignee
XINJIANG ELECTRIC POWER CONSTRUCTION DEBUGGING INSTITUTE
INSTITUTE OF ELECTRIC POWER SCIENCES XINJIANG ELECTRIC POWER Co
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
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Application filed by XINJIANG ELECTRIC POWER CONSTRUCTION DEBUGGING INSTITUTE, INSTITUTE OF ELECTRIC POWER SCIENCES XINJIANG ELECTRIC POWER Co, State Grid Corp of China SGCC filed Critical XINJIANG ELECTRIC POWER CONSTRUCTION DEBUGGING INSTITUTE
Priority to CN 201110377317 priority Critical patent/CN103136914A/en
Publication of CN103136914A publication Critical patent/CN103136914A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic meter reading system and especially relates to a TD-LTE wireless network-based automatic meter reading system. The TD-LTE wireless network-based automatic meter reading system comprises an electricity consumption information real-time acquisition device, an electricity consumption information receiving device, an Ethernet network communication subsystem, a wireless communication subsystem and a remote electricity consumption management server. The electricity consumption information real-time acquisition device and the electricity consumption information receiving device carry out data transmission and treatment by the Ethernet network communication subsystem or the wireless communication subsystem. The electricity consumption information receiving device transmits electricity consumption information to the remote electricity consumption management server by the wireless communication subsystem.

Description

A kind of Automatic meter reading system based on the TD-LTE wireless network
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Automatic meter reading system, especially a kind of Automatic meter reading system based on the TD-LTE wireless network.
Background technology
In daily life, tap water, coal gas, electric power etc. are indispensable articles for use.Provide the relevant departments of these services for each user's use amount is supervised and charged, various instrument also just correspondingly are arranged in user family as water meter, ammeter, gas meter etc.At present China counts charge to these instrument and mostly adopts the mode of being sent someone directly to check meter in user family by each associated companies to carry out.Obviously, this mode need to consume a large amount of manpower and materials, and very inconvenient.
State Grid Corporation of China take offer as a tribute clean energy resource, promote economic development, service society is harmonious with basic mission, proposes the strong intelligent grid of unification that generating, transmission of electricity, power transformation, distribution, electricity consumption and the scheduling links of electric system are contained in construction.Promoting customer side new and renewable sources of energy distributed power generation, reduce the dependence to fossil fuel, is the direction of future source of energy technical development.Therefore, electric company needs the real-time information of Real-time Collection user power utilization, realizes reducing electric cost, safe and reliable electricity consumption.
Various power information acquisition terminals are arranged in the market, as meet concentrator, collector that state net company power information gathers new standard, and some electrical parameter metering devices.But each has some shortcomings: the concentrator, the collector that 1) meet state net company power information collection new standard are only applicable to the collection of user's electric energy meter; 2) some electrical parameter metering devices on market, acquisition protocols and standard disunity, if realize that user's image data is concentrated, cost can be higher.
Therefore, need a kind of acquisition method and related system, realize Real-time Collection and the unified transmission of user power utilization information.Long-distance fee metering system has been adopted in some place abroad at present, yet the basic structure of this charge system is that the computing machine with the charging center is connected with some concentrators, and every concentrator is connected with a plurality of instrument again simultaneously.This charge system adopts the mode of step-by-step counting, requires energising for a long time, and electron device easily damages, and serviceable life is short; The data accumulate mode that reads counting, but system cut-off, power on and the unstable and external interference of power supply easily causes the inaccurate phenomenon of charging.
Summary of the invention
The problem to be solved in the present invention is: existing user power utilization information is because harvester is independent separately, acquisition protocols and standard disunity, and the data that gather are difficult to concentration of transmissions and centralized management.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of Automatic meter reading system based on the TD-LTE wireless network is provided, comprise power information real-time acquisition device, power information receiving trap, ethernet communication subsystem, radio communication subsystem and remote management server, power information real-time acquisition device and power information receiving trap by ethernet communication subsystem or radio communication subsystem transmit, deal with data, the power information receiving trap is reported and submitted the remote management server by radio communication subsystem with power information.
The power information real-time acquisition device, comprise acquiring electric energy information module, MCU module, wireless communication module, ethernet module and storer, acquiring electric energy information module, wireless communication module, ethernet module and storer are connected with the MCU module and are connected, the acquiring electric energy information module is connected the RS232 interface and is connected with the MCU module with wireless communication module, the acquiring electric energy information module connects user's electrical parameter metering equipment by the RS485 interface.
Power information real-time acquisition device of the present invention can support at most to access 24 user's electrical parameter metering equipment by the RS485 line, adopt wheel to adopt type collection, press simultaneously retention cycle and preserve a certain amount of data, support regularly to report save data, and data call in real time survey together.
Communicate between power information receiving trap of the present invention and power information harvester, comprise: the initialization of authentication mutually, data and read the power information data between two modules, by various exchanging safety agreements, as password, can realize the mutual authentication between power information receiving trap and power information harvester.
The unified transmission method of power information real-time acquisition device of the present invention, characteristics are that the data that gather are transmitted by unified mode.Adopt the mode of data abstraction, the various data abstractions that gather are become the mode of Data Identification and data value, and then be transferred in the energy information receiving trap, the present invention adopts two kinds of transmission modes, a kind of is to transmit by Ethernet, and another kind is to pass through wireless way for transmitting.The user can adopt the Ethernet transmission for connecting up easily, otherwise, can pass through wireless way for transmitting.If adopting the Ethernet mode transmits, module of the present invention can directly be communicated by letter with the energy information receiving trap, otherwise, need the energy information receiving trap is carried out the power information data transmission, processes and communicate by letter by TD-LTE wireless network mode with the remote management server.
The power information real-time acquisition device carries out initialization at first according to the following steps:
(S101) energy data of managing according to the energy information receiving trap, the communication information of user's electrical parameter metering equipment that configuration acquiring electric energy information module connects, protocol information, the data item information that can collect;
(S102) the energy information receiving trap is set to the configuration information of joining step (S101) in the MCU module of electricity consumption real-time information collection device, the configuration information of transmission time information, report cycle simultaneously, with electricity consumption real-time information collection device carry out to the time and arrange report cycle;
(S103) electricity consumption real-time information collection device carries out data acquisition according to configuration information and copies and accepts.Real time data acquisition:
(S201) the power information real-time acquisition device is numbered with sequence number with the user's electrical parameter metering equipment that connects;
(S202) the MCU module is controlled the acquiring electric energy information module according to sequence number and is gathered in turn relevant user's electrical parameter metering facility information, the mode of the data data abstraction that gathers, the various data abstractions that gather are become the mode of Data Identification and data value, be stored to storer, when gathering, the acquiring electric energy information module adapts to the agreement that different user's electrical parameter metering equipment is supported automatically;
(S203) the MCU module is for the user's electrical parameter metering equipment that does not collect data, control the acquiring electric energy information module and carry out filling mining, after filling mining five times, still do not adopt data, be saved to storer as event, when triggering the fact simultaneously, active reporting is to the energy information receiving trap, and the data of other user's electrical parameter metering equipment that gather simultaneously are stored to storer;
(S204) the data report cycle is set, the MCU module is according to report cycle, the real time data that automatic stay collects, and real-time report is to upper electric energy management system;
Data transmission: the MCU module is divided into real time data, freezing data, event data three major types to data and is uploaded to upper electric energy management system,
Real time data refers to the data that Real-time Collection arrives in gathering in turn user's electrical parameter metering device procedures, uploads when the energy information receiving trap is initiatively called;
Freezing data refers to when report cycle arrives, the data that the MCU module is frozen into the real time data that collects, MCU module freezing data by wireless communication module or ethernet module according to the report cycle active reporting to the energy information receiving trap;
Event data refers to the anomalous event in gatherer process, and after the MCU module was saved to storer to the abnormal conditions in gathering as event, active reporting was given upper electric energy management system.
At ordinary times, each power information receiving trap is in sleep state, when the remote management server wakes one of them or any user's power information receiving trap up, the above-mentioned power information receiving trap that has been waken up can wake other power information receiving trap in same group up, gather reading and send the power information receiving trap that wakes up at first to, with this energy savings.
Further, the remote management server sends with the TD-LTE wireless mode and wakes instruction up to the power information receiving trap, to wake the power information receiving trap up.
Further, power information receiving trap and a plurality of power information harvester are after waking up, begin to carry out timing program and power information and receive task, and by the power information receiving trap, power information is reported and submitted to the remote management server, if the power information receiving trap is not received order from the remote management server in Preset Time, the power information receiving trap is from being advanced into sleep state.
As fully visible, beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1) Real-time Collection: the energy information Real-time Collection transport module described in the present invention, adopt data active reporting mode from bottom to top, collection period is Lookup protocol as required;
2) be applicable to the electrical parameter metering equipment of multiple standards interface: the energy information Real-time Collection transport module described in the present invention, integrated multiple standards interface, set relevant consensus standard when initialization, can realize the collection of user power utilization data on electrical parameter metering equipment;
3) two kinds of transmission interfaces: the energy information Real-time Collection transport module described in the present invention, provide wireless and Ethernet dual mode the transmission of data, for accessible Intranet be inconvenient to access Intranet and has either way given consideration, provide dirigibility when giving concrete installation enforcement;
4) at ordinary times, each power information receiving trap is in sleep state, when the remote management server wakes one of them or any user's power information receiving trap up, the above-mentioned power information receiving trap that has been waken up can wake other power information receiving trap in same group up, gather reading and send the power information receiving trap that wakes up at first to, with this energy savings.
For above and other objects of the present invention, feature and advantage can be become apparent, preferred embodiment cited below particularly, and cooperation accompanying drawing are described in detail below.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the composition diagram of power information harvester.
Embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with example the present invention is described in further detail.But the invention is not restricted to given example.
Embodiment one
Suppose that a certain electricity consumption user is an office buildings, according to wirings such as bright, socket, power distribution rooms, and realized that the phase circuit adopts the multiple brand equipment such as multifunctional electric energy meter, electrical parameter metering equipment that the electricity consumption data are measured, need to be transferred to the unification of Electro-metering data now and carry out analytic statistics on a certain management system, it comprises the steps:
The first step, install energy information Real-time Collection transport module of the present invention additional at corresponding multifunctional electric energy meter, electrical parameter metering equipment appurtenance; If it is more concentrated that multifunctional electric energy meter, electrical parameter metering equipment are installed, can adopt an energy information Real-time Collection transport module to connect a plurality of metering outfits.Energy information Real-time Collection transport module adopts the Ethernet mode to access this office buildings internal network.
Second step, management system are carried out initialization by initialization flow process of the present invention to energy information Real-time Collection transport module;
Dispose complete after, can see following effect:
Upper electric energy management system will be received the data of corresponding metering outfit every the report cycle of setting.
Embodiment two
Suppose that a certain electricity consumption user is residential quarters, according to wirings such as bright, socket, power distribution rooms, and realized that the phase circuit adopts the multiple brand equipment such as multifunctional electric energy meter, electrical parameter metering equipment that the electricity consumption data are measured, need to be transferred to the unification of Electro-metering data now and carry out analytic statistics on a certain management system, it comprises the steps:
The first step, install energy information Real-time Collection transport module of the present invention additional at multifunctional electric energy meter, the electrical parameter metering equipment appurtenance of corresponding residential customer; If it is more concentrated that multifunctional electric energy meter, electrical parameter metering equipment are installed, can adopt an energy information Real-time Collection transport module to connect a plurality of metering outfits.Energy information Real-time Collection transport module adopts the Ethernet mode to access this office buildings internal network.
Second step, power information receiving trap are preset in the fixed area of residential customer, and the power information receiving trap is connected by the Ethernet mode with the power information harvester.
The 3rd step, power information receiving trap are set up with the power information harvester and are communicated by letter and checking mutually, and management system is carried out initialization by initialization flow process of the present invention to energy information Real-time Collection transport module;
Dispose complete after, can see following effect:
Upper electric energy management system will be received the data of corresponding metering outfit every the report cycle of setting.
Embodiment three
Suppose that a certain electricity consumption user is residential quarters, belong to old residential quarter, the wiring such as illumination, socket, power distribution room and imperfection, but adopt the multiple brand equipment such as multifunctional electric energy meter, electrical parameter metering equipment that the electricity consumption data are measured, need to be transferred to the unification of Electro-metering data now and carry out analytic statistics on a certain management system, it comprises the steps:
The first step, install energy information Real-time Collection transport module of the present invention additional at multifunctional electric energy meter, the electrical parameter metering equipment appurtenance of corresponding residential customer, an energy information Real-time Collection transport module connects a plurality of metering outfits, and energy information Real-time Collection transport module adopts the Ethernet mode to access this office buildings internal network.
Second step, power information receiving trap also can be arranged on mobile automobile, and be embedded with gps receiver in each vehicle-mounted power information harvester, in case automobile arrives predefined position, vehicle-mounted power information receiving trap is by setting up communicate by letter also mutual checking, data initialization, read and report and submit the power information data with the power information harvester.
The 3rd step, power information receiving trap are set up with the power information harvester and are communicated by letter and checking mutually, and management system is carried out initialization by initialization flow process of the present invention to energy information Real-time Collection transport module;
Dispose complete after, can see following effect:
Upper electric energy management system will be received the data of corresponding metering outfit every the report cycle of setting.

Claims (7)

1. Automatic meter reading system based on the TD-LTE wireless network, comprise power information real-time acquisition device, power information receiving trap, ethernet communication subsystem, radio communication subsystem and remote management server, power information real-time acquisition device and power information receiving trap by ethernet communication subsystem or radio communication subsystem transmit, deal with data, the power information receiving trap is reported and submitted the remote management server by radio communication subsystem with power information.
2. power information real-time acquisition device, comprise acquiring electric energy information module, MCU module, wireless communication module, ethernet module and storer, acquiring electric energy information module, wireless communication module, ethernet module and storer are connected with the MCU module and are connected, the acquiring electric energy information module is connected the RS232 interface and is connected with the MCU module with wireless communication module, the acquiring electric energy information module connects user's electrical parameter metering equipment by the RS485 interface.
3. power information real-time acquisition device according to claim 1 and 2 can support at most to access 24 user's electrical parameter metering equipment by the RS485 line, adopt wheel to adopt type collection, press simultaneously retention cycle and preserve a certain amount of data, support regularly to report save data, and data call in real time survey together.
4. the acquisition method of the described electricity consumption real-time information collection of claim 1 or 2 device is characterized in that comprising real time data acquisition and data transmission:
Real time data acquisition:
(S201) the power information real-time acquisition device is numbered with sequence number with the user's electrical parameter metering equipment that connects;
(S202) the MCU module is controlled the acquiring electric energy information module according to sequence number and is gathered in turn relevant user's electrical parameter metering facility information, the mode of the data data abstraction that gathers, the various data abstractions that gather are become the mode of Data Identification and data value, be stored to storer, when gathering, the acquiring electric energy information module adapts to the agreement that different user's electrical parameter metering equipment is supported automatically;
(S203) the MCU module is for the user's electrical parameter metering equipment that does not collect data, control the acquiring electric energy information module and carry out filling mining, after filling mining three times, still do not adopt data, be saved to storer as event, the real-time active reporting of trigger event is to upper electric energy management system simultaneously, and the data of other user's electrical parameter metering equipment that gather simultaneously are stored to storer;
(S204) the data report cycle is set, the MCU module is according to report cycle, the real time data that automatic stay collects, and real-time report is to upper electric energy management system;
Data transmission: the MCU module is divided into real time data, freezing data, event data three major types to data and is uploaded to upper electric energy management system,
Real time data refers to the data that Real-time Collection arrives in gathering in turn user's electrical parameter metering device procedures, uploads when upper electric energy management system is initiatively called;
Freezing data refers to when report cycle arrives, the data that the MCU module is frozen into the real time data that collects, and the MCU module is given upper electric energy management system freezing data by wireless communication module or ethernet module according to the report cycle active reporting;
Event data refers to the anomalous event in gatherer process, and after the MCU module was saved to storer to the abnormal conditions in gathering as event, active reporting was given upper electric energy management system.
5. the acquisition method of electricity consumption real-time information collection device according to claim 3, is characterized in that electricity consumption real-time information collection device carries out carrying out real time data acquisition and data transmission after initialization again, is initialized as:
(S101) energy data of managing according to upper electric energy management system, the communication information of user's electrical parameter metering equipment that configuration acquiring electric energy information module connects, protocol information, the data item information that can collect;
(S102) upper electric energy management system is set to the configuration information of joining step (S101) in the MCU module of electricity consumption real-time information collection device, the configuration information of transmission time information, report cycle simultaneously, with electricity consumption real-time information collection device carry out to the time and arrange report cycle;
(S103) electricity consumption real-time information collection device carries out data acquisition according to configuration information and copies and accepts.
6. power information receiving trap according to claim 1 is in sleep state, when the remote management server wakes one of them or any user's power information receiving trap up, the above-mentioned power information receiving trap that has been waken up can wake other power information receiving trap in same group up, gather reading and send the power information receiving trap that wakes up at first to
Further, the remote management server sends with the TD-LTE wireless mode and wakes instruction up to the power information receiving trap, to wake the power information receiving trap up.
Further, power information receiving trap and a plurality of power information harvester are after waking up, begin to carry out timing program and power information and receive task, and by the power information receiving trap, power information is reported and submitted to the remote management server, if the power information receiving trap is not received order from the remote management server in Preset Time, the power information receiving trap is from being advanced into sleep state.
7. according to claim 1 or 6 described power information receiving traps, can be arranged on mobile automobile, and be embedded with gps receiver in each vehicle-mounted power information harvester, in case automobile arrives predefined position, vehicle-mounted power information receiving trap is by setting up communicate by letter also mutual checking, data initialization, read and report and submit the power information data with the power information harvester.
CN 201110377317 2011-11-24 2011-11-24 TD-LTE wireless network-based automatic meter reading system Pending CN103136914A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103604962A (en) * 2013-12-03 2014-02-26 国家电网公司 S9 multi-module energy meter collecting terminal
CN104076781A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-01 苏阳 Household intelligent control system based on position sensor
CN104391143A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-03-04 成都华瑞祥电器成套设备有限公司 Smart electric meter measuring box system
CN104408906A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-03-11 国家电网公司 TD-LTE (time division long term evolution) wireless communication concentrator and electric meter data acquisition method
CN105632141A (en) * 2014-11-04 2016-06-01 长沙绿智电子科技有限公司 Remote wireless wake-up system
CN106534354A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-03-22 国网北京市电力公司 Electric meter data recording method and apparatus
CN106559477A (en) * 2016-10-14 2017-04-05 普天智能照明研究院有限公司 Data uploading method
CN107222276A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-09-29 国网浙江省电力公司嘉兴供电公司 A kind of multifunctional vehicle mounted device for electric power LTE230 networks
CN107784738A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-03-09 深圳市北电仪表有限公司 A kind of shared hot water gauge and its management system

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103604962A (en) * 2013-12-03 2014-02-26 国家电网公司 S9 multi-module energy meter collecting terminal
CN104076781A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-01 苏阳 Household intelligent control system based on position sensor
CN105632141A (en) * 2014-11-04 2016-06-01 长沙绿智电子科技有限公司 Remote wireless wake-up system
CN104391143A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-03-04 成都华瑞祥电器成套设备有限公司 Smart electric meter measuring box system
CN104408906A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-03-11 国家电网公司 TD-LTE (time division long term evolution) wireless communication concentrator and electric meter data acquisition method
CN106559477A (en) * 2016-10-14 2017-04-05 普天智能照明研究院有限公司 Data uploading method
CN106534354A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-03-22 国网北京市电力公司 Electric meter data recording method and apparatus
CN107222276A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-09-29 国网浙江省电力公司嘉兴供电公司 A kind of multifunctional vehicle mounted device for electric power LTE230 networks
CN107222276B (en) * 2017-06-19 2020-08-11 国网浙江省电力公司嘉兴供电公司 Multifunctional vehicle-mounted device for power LTE230 network
CN107784738A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-03-09 深圳市北电仪表有限公司 A kind of shared hot water gauge and its management system

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