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CN101994258B - Porous material textile with ventilation and adsorption and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Porous material textile with ventilation and adsorption and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN101994258B
CN101994258B CN 200910161780 CN200910161780A CN101994258B CN 101994258 B CN101994258 B CN 101994258B CN 200910161780 CN200910161780 CN 200910161780 CN 200910161780 A CN200910161780 A CN 200910161780A CN 101994258 B CN101994258 B CN 101994258B
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porous
material
method
textile
ventilation
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CN 200910161780
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101994258A (en )
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温礼鸿
洪硕廷
陈国钦
黄毓瑾
庄钰坪
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兴采实业股份有限公司
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种制备含有多孔性材料纺织品的方法,包括:(1)将多孔性材料的溶液与树脂混合形成混合物;(2)将(1)的混合物形成泡沫体;(3)将(2)的泡沫体涂布于纺织品表面;及(4)干燥(3)的纺织品。 The present invention relates to a method comprising preparing a porous textile material, comprising: (1) the porous material with the resin solution to form a mixture; (2) (1) form a foam mixture; (3) (2 ) foam applied to the textile surface; and (4) drying (3) textiles. 本发明还涉及一种具有多孔性材料的纺织品,其包括:多孔性材料;树脂层;纤维层、薄膜或离型基质。 The present invention further relates to a textile having a porous material, comprising: a porous material; resin layer; fibrous layer, a film, or a release substrate.

Description

具透气及吸附的多孔性材料纺织品及其制备方法 A porous material having air-permeable textile and preparation method and adsorbed

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种制备多孔性材料纺织品的方法,以及一种多孔性材料的纺织品。 [0001] A method for the preparation of a porous material of the present invention relates to a textile, and a porous textile material.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 近年来随着科技的进步与生活质量的提高,人们对于日常生活用品的要求亦随之提高,对于衣物的舒适与健康功能更加重视,且随着技术的进步,此领域的人尝试制备具有不同功能特性的纺织品,如:吸臭、透气、凉感、蓄热保温、透湿、耐水压等功能。 [0002] In recent years, with the improvement of scientific and technological progress and quality of life of people required for daily necessities also increase as more attention to the clothes of comfort and health function, and as technology advances, people in this area to try preparation of textile having different functions properties, such as: odor absorbing, breathable, cool feeling, regenerative heat, moisture permeability, water pressure resistance and other functions.

[0003]目前已知具有除臭功能的纺织品多是以活性碳来达到此目的,其包含不同形态的活性碳,如:椰壳层状活性碳、球形活性碳、纤维型活性碳与表面经化学处理过的活性碳,其颗粒大小亦大不相同,其颗粒大小因不同制造方法而不同,由于活性碳具有高比表面积,故吸附容量大,其表面覆盖有形状、大小不同的孔洞,此孔洞使其具有除臭的功能,其吸附对象以非极性的大分子及饱和分子为主,如:苯、甲苯和甲硫醇等。 [0003] It is known to have a deodorizing function textile multi for this purpose are activated carbon, activated carbon containing various forms, such as: a layered coconut shell activated carbon, a spherical activated carbon, fibrous activated carbon and the surface is chemically treated activated carbon, which is also very different particle size, the particle size due to different manufacturing methods are different, since the activated carbon has a high specific surface area, so the adsorption capacity, which surface is covered with shapes, different sizes of holes, this make holes having a deodorizing function, a nonpolar adsorption target macromolecules and unsaturated molecules based, such as: benzene, toluene, and methyl mercaptan.

[0004] 公知技术中,将活性碳加入衣物中的方法,有以下几种方式:1.将活性碳颗粒夹在两层织物中间,然以此种方式制备的纤物较厚重,穿起来较不轻便,舒适度低;2.将活性碳掺进包覆纱线的覆盖层,然此方式会改变纱线的物理性质;3.将活性碳与黏着剂混合,使活性碳黏着于织物上,由于活性碳粉被黏着剂包覆,故除臭性能较差,且不耐水洗;4.利用活性碳纤维原料为主要材料,化学合成纤维为副材料,所制备的织物,然此方法所添加的活性碳重量比率低,故其除臭效果有限;与5.利用聚丙烯腈(polyacrylonitrile简称PAN)做的碳纤维布作为吸附材,贴合加工至二层或三层结构的布种,即具有优良的吸附效果,但价格昂贵,适用于军方防护性服装,手感及重量皆不适合于一般织物的应用。 [0004] The well-known in the art, activated carbon is added to the laundry method, the following ways: 1. The charcoal particles sandwiched between two layers of fabric, prepared in this manner then the web was relatively thick and heavy wear more not lightweight, low comfort; 2. activated carbon is mixed into the covering layer covering yarn, then this mode will change the physical properties of the yarn; 3 adhesive mixed with activated carbon, the activated carbon adhered to the fabric so that Since activated carbon powder is coated with adhesive, so deodorization performance is poor, and not washable; 4. using activated carbon fibers as the main raw materials, synthetic chemicals vice materials, fabrics prepared, then added by this method the weight ratio of activated carbon is low, so that the deodorizing effect is limited; and 5. use of polyacrylonitrile (abbreviated polyacrylonitrile PAN) carbon fiber sheet made as adsorbing material, bonded to the second floor or cloth processing three-layer structure, i.e., having excellent adsorption effect, but expensive for military protective clothing, feel and weight suitable for the application in general neither of the fabric.

[0005] 有鉴于公知技术的各项缺点,以及人们对更舒适、健康衣物的需求,研发一种具有更佳除臭功能、更舒适的织物是此领域的人的目标,以开发出满足大众需求的产品。 [0005] In view of the disadvantages of known technology, and people more comfortable, healthy demand for clothing, to develop a deodorant with better functionality, more comfortable fabric is a person in this field goal to develop to meet the public demand for products.

[0006] 发明内容 [0006] SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0007] 本发明涉及一种制备含有多孔性材料的纺织品的方法,其包括:(I)将多孔性材料的溶液与树脂混合形成混合物;(2)将(I)的混合物形成泡沫体;(3)将(2)的泡沫体涂布于纺织品表面;及(4)干燥(3)的纺织品。 [0007] The present invention relates to a method for textile preparation of a porous material, comprising: (I) the porous material with the resin solution to form a mixture; (2) A mixture of (I) forming a foam; ( 3) a (2) of the foam applied to the textile surface; and (4) drying (3) textiles. 其中树脂为聚氨酯(Polyurethane)、聚丙烯酸酯(Polyacrylate)、聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯(Poly (ethylene terephthalate))或聚碳酸酯(Polycarbonate)。 Wherein the resin is a polyurethane (Polyurethane), polyacrylate (Polyacrylate), polyethylene terephthalate (Poly (ethylene terephthalate)) or polycarbonate (Polycarbonate).

[0008] 本发明方法中,多孔性材料包含但不限于沸石、咖啡渣、二氧化硅、活性碳、中孔材料、活性碳纤维、高分子纳米孔洞材料...等,较佳的多孔性材料为沸石或咖啡渣,其中咖啡渣可来自烘培过的咖啡渣、微胶囊化烘培过的咖啡渣或碳化的咖啡渣,经处理而成粉体混合于溶液中,多孔性材质溶液形成的混合物,其可另包含粉体:凉感粉体、保湿粉体(如:胶原蛋白)、热感粉体或任一种可被萃取成粉体或液体的精华液(如:咖啡萃取精华液),而此溶液为水。 [0008] The method of the present invention, the porous material including but not limited to, zeolites, coffee grounds, silica, activated carbon, mesoporous materials, carbon fiber, polymer materials nanovoids ... etc., the preferred porous material a zeolite or coffee grounds, which can be derived from roasted coffee grounds through the coffee grounds, microencapsulated baked coffee grounds or carbonized through coffee grounds, the mixed powder in the solution, the porous material was obtained by forming a treated the mixture, which may further comprise a powder: powder cool feeling, moisturizing powder (such as: collagen), or any of a thermal powder may be extracted as a powder or liquid essence (eg: coffee extract was ), and this solution is water. 多孔性材质溶液与树脂形成的混合物,其可另包含起泡剂、发泡剂、稳泡剂、架桥剂或触媒,且起泡剂可为硬脂酸,架桥剂可为异氰酸酯(isocyanate),其中的聚胺酯树脂化合物与助剂的比例如下:1%〜100%的聚胺酯树脂化合物、0.05%〜5%的起泡剂或发泡剂、0.05%〜10%的架桥剂、0.05%〜2%的触媒、0.05%〜10%的稳泡剂与I〜10%的其它助剂;其中所含的其它助剂可为抗黏剂、增黏剂、疏水性助剂、吸水性助剂、分散剂、表面改质剂(如:蜡感剂、滑感剂、色胶、填充剂)...等。 The porous material with a solution of a mixture of resin, which may further comprise a foaming agent, foaming agent, foam stabilizer, bridging agent, or catalyst, and blowing agent may be a stearic acid crosslinking agent may be isocyanate (isocyanate ), wherein the proportion of polyurethane resin compound and additives are as follows: 1% ~ 100% of a polyurethane resin compound, 0.05% ~ 5% of the blowing or foaming agent, 0.05% to ~ 10% of the cross-linking agent, 0.05% ~ 2% of the catalyst, 0.05% ~ 10% of the foam stabilizer and other adjuvants I~10%; other auxiliaries may be contained therein as antisticking agent, a tackifier, a hydrophobic adjuvant, a water absorbent co agents, dispersing agents, surface modifier (eg: waxy feel agents, slip agents sense, colored plastic, fillers) ... and so on.

[0009] 本发明的助剂有不同的功能,其中主要助剂的起泡剂为界面活性剂,使水性树脂易于通过剪切力达到起泡效果;发泡剂能在高温(10(TC )产生气体达到发泡的效果;架桥剂则在高温处理时产生架桥反应,可提供水性树脂良好的物性,增加机械强度与耐水洗的程度;稳泡剂为硬酯酸胺类化合物,目的在于维持水性树脂起泡后的泡沫安定性;触媒为催化剂,调整异氰酸酯与羟基间、异氰酸酯与水间、异氰酸酯自聚反应速率,保持三种反应正常且平衡;其它助剂可为抗黏剂、增黏剂、疏水性助剂、吸水性助剂、分散剂、表面改质剂(如:蜡感剂、滑感剂、色胶、填充剂)...等,其中增黏剂可提高树脂的黏度,使其适用于任一种加工;抗黏剂的使用则为使加工成品胶面干爽,无沾黏;疏水性助剂的使用,则因其较不亲水,故使树脂表面不易沾污;分散剂为粉 [0009] The additive of the invention have different functions, wherein the auxiliary foaming agent is the major surfactant, the aqueous resin is easily reached by a shearing force lather performance; blowing agents at elevated temperatures (10 (TC) foaming gas generation to achieve the effect; crosslinking agent crosslinking reaction is generated at the time of high temperature treatment, it can provide excellent aqueous resin composition, increasing the mechanical strength and the degree of washable; foam stabilizing agent is stearic acid-based compound, object It is to maintain the bubble stability after an aqueous resin foaming; catalyst as the catalyst, the adjustment between the isocyanate and hydroxyl groups, among the isocyanate with water, the isocyanate from polymerization rate, holding three reactions are normal and balanced; other adjuvants may antisticking agent, tackifier, hydrophobic additives, water-absorbing aids, dispersants, surface modifier (eg: waxy feel agents, slip agents sense, colored plastic, fillers) ... the like, wherein the tackifier resin can be improved viscosity, it is applicable for any processing; antisticking agent was used to make finished products dry adhesive surface, no adhesions; hydrophobic additives, because of the less hydrophilic, it is not easy to make the surface of the resin contamination; dispersant powder 分散于树脂中的助剂,通过分散均匀使粉体能外露于树脂的表面;吸水性助剂的功能为提升树脂的亲水性使透湿度提升;蜡感剂使树脂的表面呈现油蜡感;滑感剂则使树脂表面有毛羽的触感;色胶则可使涂布面呈现不同颜色;填充剂的使用使树脂具遮光的效果。 Adjuvants dispersed in a resin, by dispersing the powder uniformly exposed surface energy resin; water-absorbing additives function to enhance the hydrophilic resin so to enhance the moisture permeability; waxy agent to the surface of the resin wax exhibits oiliness ; sensitizing agent slip tactile surface of the resin fluff; colored plastic surface of the coating can exhibit a different color; use filler having a light-shielding effect of the resin.

[0010] 本发明的混合物混合后,以机械方式或化学方式发泡,其机械方式是指利用机械力量使具起泡能力的聚氨酯(Polyurethane)、聚丙烯酸脂酯(Polyacrylate)、聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯(Poly(ethylene terephthalate))或聚碳酸酯(Polycarbonate)因空气的打入并通过剪切力而形成泡体;化学方式为利用发泡剂等具热可发泡物质,在高温下可自行发泡,其中两种方式产生的泡沫体发泡比为0.1〜50倍,再将此泡沫体涂布于布料表面,泡沫体涂布量为0.5〜500g/m2,且泡沫体发泡比与泡沫体涂布量可依不同需求调整;其中涂布标的可为吸湿或疏水的纺织品,其可为平织布、针织布、不织布、薄膜或离型基质。 [0010] After mixing the mixture according to the invention, mechanically or chemically foaming, which mechanically is the use of mechanical power with the foaming ability of the polyurethane (Polyurethane), ester polyacrylate (Polyacrylate), polyethylene terephthalate polyethylene terephthalate (Poly (ethylene terephthalate)) or polycarbonate (polycarbonate) into the air and because the bulb is formed by a shearing force; chemically as having a thermal foaming agent using a substance capable of foaming at high temperature the self-foaming, wherein the foam expansion ratio in two ways to produce 0.1~50 times, then this foam is applied to the surface of the cloth, foam coating amount of 0.5~500g / m2, and a foam hair bubble coating amount adjustment ratio of the foam body according to different needs; wherein the coating target may be absorbent or hydrophobic textiles, which may be flat woven, knitted fabrics, non-woven, film or release substrate.

[0011] 本发明将树脂化合物混合后形成的泡沫体加工于纺织品上,加工的制备流程包含涂布、去除水分、干燥及架桥等步骤,纺织品进入涂布设备,涂布设备包括罗拉及涂覆装置,涂覆装置将本发明的泡沫体涂布于纺织品之上,涂覆着本发明的混合物泡沫体的纺织品通过烘箱,以温度50〜150°C处理10〜240秒,将其干燥去除水分同时进行架桥反应,且经过压轮,经涂布的布料厚度增加约0.0lmm〜2mm,最后形成多孔性表面。 [0011] The present invention will be formed after mixing the foam resin on the textile processing compound, the process comprising preparing a coating process, removing water, drying and other steps bridge, textiles into the coating apparatus, and coating apparatus comprises a coating roller coating apparatus, the coating apparatus of the present invention is applied foam over the textiles, textile coated with the foam mixture of the present invention by an oven, at a temperature of 50~150 ° C treatment 10~240 seconds, removed and dried moisture crosslinking reaction at the same time, and after the press roller, the fabric thickness of the coating increases about 0.0lmm~2mm, and finally to form a porous surface.

[0012] 本发明还涉及一种多孔性材料的纺织品,其包含:(I)纤维层、薄膜或离型基质其上涂覆多孔性材料及多孔性树脂层;(2)至少一种多孔性材料,分布并外露于树脂层,覆盖于纤维层、薄膜或离型基质的表面及(3)树脂层,覆盖于纤维层、薄膜或离型基质的表面。 [0012] The present invention further relates to a porous textile material, which comprises: (I) a fiber layer, or a release film substrate having coated thereon a porous material and a porous resin layer; (2) at least one porous material distributed and exposed resin layer covering the fiber layer, a release film or substrate surface, and (3) a resin layer covering the fiber layer, or a release surface of the film substrate. 其中该多孔性材料可为沸石、咖啡渣、二氧化硅、活性碳等、中孔材料、活性碳纤维、高分子纳米孔洞材料...等,本发明较佳的多孔性材料为沸石或咖啡渣,其中咖啡渣可来自烘培过的咖啡渣、微胶囊化烘培过的咖啡渣或碳化的咖啡渣,经处理而成粉体混合于溶液中;该树脂层可另包含凉感粉体、保湿粉体(如:胶原蛋白)、热感粉体与可被萃取为粉体或液体的精华液(如:咖啡萃取精华液);其中树脂层为聚氨酯(Polyurethane)、聚丙烯酸酯(Polyacrylate)、聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯(Poly (ethylene terephthalate))或聚碳酸酯(Polycarbonate)树脂,较佳为聚胺酯树脂化合物;而纺织品为吸湿或疏水的布种、薄膜或离型基质,且其布种可为平织布、针织布或不织布。 Wherein the porous material may be a zeolite, coffee grounds, silica, activated carbon, mesoporous materials, carbon fiber, polymer materials nanovoids ... etc., the present invention is preferably a porous material is a zeolite or coffee grounds , which can be derived from roasted coffee grounds through the coffee grounds, microencapsulated baked coffee grounds or carbonized through coffee grounds, the mixed powder formed in the treated solution; the resin layer may further comprise a powder cool feeling, moisturizing powder (such as: collagen), and the thermal powder may be a powder or a liquid extracted essence (eg: liquid coffee extract); wherein the resin layer is a polyurethane (polyurethane), polyacrylate (polyacrylate) , polyethylene terephthalate (poly (ethylene terephthalate)) or polycarbonate (polycarbonate) resin, polyurethane resin is preferably a compound; and absorbent textiles fabric or hydrophobic species, a release film or substrate, and which kinds of cloth can be woven flat, non-woven or knitted fabrics.

[0013] 本发明的涂布方式用于后整理加工中,加工应用性更广,制造工艺更简便,使含有吸臭与透气等功能的布料制造工艺更简便、成本更低,选择更多,更满足使用者的需求。 [0013] The coating of the present invention for the finishing processing, the processing broader applicability, easier manufacturing process, the manufacturing process so that the fabric containing the odor absorbing function breathable easier, lower cost, more options, and more to meet the needs of users.

[0014] 为让本发明上述和其它目的、特征和优点能更明显易懂,下文特举较佳实施例,并配合附图,作详细说明如下。 [0014] In order to make the present invention, the above and other objects, features and advantages can be more fully understood by reading the following preferred embodiments accompanied with figures are described in detail below.

[0015] 附图说明 [0015] BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

[0016] 图1为本发明的含有咖啡渣粉体的布料,其以电子显微镜观察的放大图; Cloths containing coffee grounds powder [0016] FIG. 1 of the present invention, which is an enlarged view of electron microscope observation;

[0017] 图1 (a)为以2000倍扫描; [0017] FIG. 1 (a) is scanned at 2000 times;

[0018] 图1 (b)为以5000倍扫描。 [0018] FIG. 1 (b) is a 5000-fold scan.

[0019] 图2为氨气吸附效果比较图,以不同布料进行测试,并将测试结果以立体群体柱形图表不;树脂:树脂涂布布料;咖啡潘:树脂涂布内含咖啡潘粉体(5% )的布料;沸石:树脂涂布内含沸石粉体(5% )的布料。 [0019] FIG. 2 is a comparison of FIG ammonia adsorption effect, different test cloth, the test result is not a bar chart in perspective groups; Resin: resin-coated fabric; coffee Pan: PAN resin coating containing coffee powder (5 %) fabric; zeolite: zeolite powder containing resin coating (5%) of the fabric.

[0020] 主要元件标记说明 [0020] The main element NUMERALS

[0021] 10:含有咖啡渣的布料 [0021] 10: cloth containing the coffee grounds

[0022] 20:咖啡渣粉体 [0022] 20: coffee grounds powder

[0023] 具体实施方式 [0023] DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0024] 实施例1:本发明的制备流程 Preparation process according to the present invention: [0024] Example 1

[0025] 将沸石或咖啡渣加入水中混合均匀,形成调配液A ;将聚胺酯树脂化合物加入各种助剂,其中助剂包括起泡剂、架桥剂、触媒、稳泡剂与其它助剂(如:抗黏剂、拨水剂、蜡感齐U、表面改质剂...等)等,混合均匀后形成调配液B ;将调配液A与调配液B以5比95之比例混合均匀,并以机械方法发泡形成泡沫体,最后将泡沫体涂布于布料表面。 [0025] The zeolite was mixed uniformly added to water or coffee grounds, a liquid formulation is formed as A; polyurethane resin compound added various additives, which additives including foaming agents, crosslinking agents, catalysts, foam stabilizers and other auxiliaries ( such as: antisticking agent, dial a liquid, homogeneous waxy U, ... surface modifier, etc.) and the like, are formed uniformly mixed liquid formulation B; solution A and the formulation B formulation was mixed at a ratio of 5 to 95 uniformly and mechanically foamed to form a foam, the final foam is applied to the fabric surface.

[0026] 其中调配液B的组成比例为2.5%的其它助剂、90%的聚胺酯树脂化合物、2%的起泡剂、2%的架桥剂、0.5%的触媒与3%的稳泡剂。 Other additives, 90% of a polyurethane resin compound, 2% of foaming agent, 2% cross-linking agent, a catalyst and 0.5% of 3% foam stabilizer composition ratio [0026] wherein B is a liquid formulation 2.5% . 机械方式为利用机械力量使聚胺酯(Polyurethane)在空气的打入后形成泡沫体,再将此泡沫体涂布于布料上,形成多孔性表面。 Mechanically by mechanical force so as polyurethane (Polyurethane) is formed into a foam in the air, then this foam is applied to the fabric, to form a porous surface.

[0027] 涂布的制备流程包含涂布、烘干及架桥等步骤,布料进入涂布设备,涂布设备包括罗拉及涂覆装置,涂覆装置将本发明的调配液A与调配液B混合物形成的泡沫体涂布于布料之上,涂覆着本发明的混合物泡沫体的布料通过烘箱,以温度90°C与150°C各施以60秒去除水分,同时进行架桥反应,并经过压轮,涂布完成后,布料厚度增加0.2mm。 [0027] Preparation of a coating process of coating, drying and the like bridging step, the cloth into the coating apparatus, and coating apparatus comprising a roller coating device, the coating device A liquid formulation of the present invention is formulated with a liquid B foam mixture formed above is applied to the fabric, the coated fabric of the present invention is a mixture of foam through an oven at a temperature of 90 ° C and 150 ° C each subjected to 60 seconds to remove moisture, crosslinking reaction at the same time, and after the pinch roller, after completion of coating, thickness of the fabric increased 0.2mm. 成品如图1所示。 Finished shown in Fig.

[0028] 实施例2:吸附能力测试 [0028] Example 2: Adsorption capacity test

[0029] 如表I与图2所示,以不含树脂与多孔性材料的布料为对照组,以泡沫体涂布布料、含有5%咖啡渣粉体与含有5%的沸石粉体布料为实验组,比较其吸附效果。 [0029] As shown in Table I and FIG. 2, to resin-free fabrics with the porous material of the control group, the foam is applied to the fabric, containing 5% of the powder and the coffee grounds zeolite powder containing 5% of fabric experimental group, the adsorption effect. 吸附能力测试利用样品对氨气吸附的效果来测试其吸附能力,亦表示其除臭的效果与能力,其测试方法参照JAFET消臭性能评鉴测试。 Adsorption capacity for ammonia adsorption test using the sample to test the effect of the adsorption capacity, which also represents the ability deodorizing effect, reference to the test method of performance evaluation tests JAFET deodorization.

[0030]表 1.[0031] [0030] Table 1 [0031]

Figure CN101994258BD00071

[0032] 由表1可知,在加入咖啡渣与沸石粉体后,其吸附能力高于仅以泡沫体涂布的布料,且远高于未做任何加工的纺织品,从图2的三维柱形图更可清楚看出其吸附效果的差 [0032] From Table 1, after the addition of zeolite powder and coffee grounds, the adsorption capacity than the foam coated fabric only, and much higher than the textile processing without making any, from column D of FIG. 2 FIG be more apparent difference in its adsorption effect

巳升。 Pat liters.

[0033] 另外,本发明的纺织品亦送至财团法人纺织产业综合研究所(TTRI)做氨气除去测试,其测试方法以JAFET做消臭性能评鉴测试,样品大小10x10平方公分,其氨气除去率=(样品残存浓度/对照组残存浓度)xl00,结果如下所示: [0033] Further, the present invention is also supplied to the textile Foundation Textile Industrial Research Institute (TTRI) do ammonia removal test, the test method JAFET do Deodorizing performance evaluation test, a sample size of 10x10 cm ^ which ammonia removal rate = (concentration of the residual samples / control the residual concentration) xl00, the results are as follows:

[0034] 表2.咖啡渣粉体的布料I [0034] Table 2. Powder fabric coffee grounds I

[0035] [0035]

Figure CN101994258BD00072

[0036] 表3.咖啡渣粉体的布料2 [0036] Table 3. cloth coffee grounds powder 2

[0037] [0037]

Figure CN101994258BD00081

[0038] 实施例3:透气测试 [0038] Example 3: permeability test

[0039] 除吸附能力的测试外,亦比较不同布料的透气值,其结果如表4所示,加入咖啡渣或沸石粉体的纺织品其透气值与仅含树脂涂布纺织品并未有差异,故加入粉体的多孔性材质并未影响纺织品的透气度。 [0039] In addition to testing the adsorption capacity, is also more breathable fabrics of different values, and the results shown in Table 4, addition of zeolite powder or coffee grounds textile air permeability value containing only resin-coated textile No differences, therefore, the porous material powder was added did not affect the air permeability of the textile.

[0040] 表4.[0041] [0040] Table 4. [0041]

Figure CN101994258BD00082

[0042] 虽然本发明已以较佳实施例披露如上,然其并非用以限定本发明,任何所属技术领域的技术人员,在不脱离本发明之精神和范围内,当可作些许之更动与改进,因此本发明之保护范围当视权利要求所界定者为准。 [0042] While the invention has been disclosed above with reference to preferred embodiments, they are not intended to limit the present invention, any person skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, various omissions, substitutions can be made to the and improvement, so the scope of the present invention as defined by the following claims and their equivalents.

Claims (20)

  1. 1.一种制备含有多孔性材料的纺织品的方法,其特征在于,包括: (a)将含多孔性材料的溶液与树脂混合形成混合物,该多孔性材料为烘培过的咖啡渣、微胶囊化烘培过的咖啡渣或碳化的咖啡渣; (b)将(a)的混合物形成泡沫体; (C)将(b)的泡沫体涂布于纺织品表面'及(d)干燥(C)的纺织品。 1. A method comprising a porous textile material preparation, characterized by comprising: (a) a porous material containing a solution with a resin to form a mixture, the porous material is treated roasted coffee grounds, the microcapsules of roasted coffee grounds or carbonized through coffee grounds; (b) to (a) form a foam mixture; (C) to (b) of the foam applied to the textile surface 'and (d) drying (C) textiles.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于该溶液为水。 2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the solution is water.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于该溶液还包含凉感粉体、保湿粉体、热感粉体或任何可加入溶液中的粉体或液体。 3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the solution further comprises a cool feeling powder, powder moisture, or thermal powder may be added to the solution of any powder or liquid.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于步骤(a)的混合物还包含起泡剂、发泡剂、稳泡剂、架桥剂或触媒。 4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the mixture of step (a) further comprises a foaming agent, foaming agent, foam stabilizer, bridging agent, or catalyst.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于该树脂选自聚氨酯、聚丙烯酸酯、聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯与聚碳酸酯树酯。 5. The method according to claim 1, wherein the resin is selected from polyurethanes, polyacrylates, polyethylene terephthalate and polycarbonate resins.
  6. 6.根据权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于该助剂的比例为0.05%~5%的起泡剂或发泡剂、0.05%~10%的架桥剂、0.05%~2%的触媒、0.05%~10%的稳泡剂与I~10%的其它助剂。 6. The method as claimed in claim 4, wherein the proportion of adjuvant is 0.05 to 5% of the blowing or foaming agent, 0.05% to 10% cross-linking agent, 0.05% to 2% catalyst, 0.05% to 10% of the foam stabilizer and the I to 10% other additives.
  7. 7.根据权利要求5 所述的方法,其特征在于该聚氨酯树脂化合物的比例为1%~100%。 7. The method as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the proportion of the polyurethane resin compound is from 1% to 100%.
  8. 8.根据权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于该其它助剂选自抗黏剂、增黏剂、疏水性助剂、吸水性助剂、分散剂或表面改质剂。 8. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that the other additives are selected from antisticking agents, tackifiers, hydrophobic additives, water-absorbing aids, a dispersing agent or surface modifier.
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的方法,其特征在于该表面改质剂选自蜡感剂、滑感剂、色胶、填充剂。 9. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that the surface modifier is selected from waxes sensitizers, slippery agents, colored plastic, fillers.
  10. 10.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于该混合物以机械方法或化学方法形成泡沫体。 10. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the mixture formed foam mechanically or chemically.
  11. 11.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于该泡沫体涂布量为0.5~500g/m2。 11. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the foam is applied in an amount of 0.5 ~ 500g / m2.
  12. 12.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于该泡沫体发泡比为0.1~50倍。 12. The method according to claim 1, wherein the foam expansion ratio of 0.1 to 50 times.
  13. 13.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于该纺织品为平织布、针织布、不织布、薄膜或离型基质。 13. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the flat woven textiles, knitted fabrics, non-woven, film or release substrate.
  14. 14.一种具有多孔性材料的纺织品,其特征在于,包括: 纤维层、薄膜或离型基质,其上涂覆多孔性材质树脂层; 至少一种多孔性材料,分布并外露于树脂层,覆盖于纤维层表面,该多孔性材料为烘培过的咖啡渣、微胶囊化烘培过的咖啡渣或碳化的咖啡渣;及树脂层,覆盖于纤维层表面。 14. A porous textile material, characterized by comprising: a fibrous layer, a release film or substrate, which is coated on the porous material of the resin layer; at least one porous material, and the distribution of the resin layer is exposed, covering the surface of the fiber layer, the porous material is treated roasted coffee grounds, through the microencapsulated roasted coffee grounds or coffee grounds carbide; and a resin layer covering the surface of the fibrous layer.
  15. 15.根据权利要求14所述的纺织品,其特征在于该树脂层还包含凉感粉体、保湿粉体、热感粉体或任何可加入溶液中的粉体或液体。 15. A textile according to claim 14, wherein the resin layer further comprises a cool feeling powder, powder moisture, or thermal powder may be added to the solution of any powder or liquid.
  16. 16.根据权利要求14所述的纺织品,其特征在于该树脂层为水性树脂。 16. The textile recited in claim 14, wherein the resin layer is a water-based resin.
  17. 17.根据权利要求14所述的纺织品,其特征在于该纤维层为平织布、针织布或不织布。 17. The textile recited in claim 14, characterized in that the fiber layer weaving, non-woven or knitted fabrics.
  18. 18.根据权利要求15所述的纺织品,其特征在于该保湿粉体为胶原蛋白。 18. The textile recited in claim 15, wherein the collagen powder is moisturizer.
  19. 19.根据权利要求15所述的纺织品,其特征在于该液体为咖啡萃取液。 19. The textile recited in claim 15, wherein the liquid is coffee extract.
  20. 20.根据权利要求16所述的纺织品,其特征在于该树脂层为聚氨酯、聚丙烯酸酯、聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯或聚碳酸酯。 20. A textile according to claim 16, wherein the resin layer is a polyurethane, polyacrylate, polyethylene terephthalate or polycarbonate.
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CN1717211A (en) 2002-12-17 2006-01-04 金伯利-克拉克环球有限公司 Method of making fibers, nonwoven fabrics, porous films and foams that include skin treatment additives
CN1925776A (en) 2004-03-01 2007-03-07 欧洲过滤袋公司 Adsorbing agent, dust collection chamber, and method for the adsorption of smells
CN101346179A (en) 2005-12-21 2009-01-14 美利肯公司 Substrate having photocatalytic and activated carbon constituents and process for producing
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