TW201328874A - Down-proof, ventilative and absorptive textile with porous material and preparation thereof - Google Patents

Down-proof, ventilative and absorptive textile with porous material and preparation thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
TW201328874A
TW201328874A TW101100001A TW101100001A TW201328874A TW 201328874 A TW201328874 A TW 201328874A TW 101100001 A TW101100001 A TW 101100001A TW 101100001 A TW101100001 A TW 101100001A TW 201328874 A TW201328874 A TW 201328874A
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TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
textile
porous
agent
powder
foam
Prior art date
Application number
TW101100001A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Lai-Hung Wan
Shuo-Ting Hung
Kuo-Chin Chen
Yu-Ping Chuang
Yu-Chin Huang
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Singtex Ind Co Ltd
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Priority to TW101100001A priority Critical patent/TW201328874A/en
Publication of TW201328874A publication Critical patent/TW201328874A/en

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Abstract

The present invention is related to a method of preparing a down-proof, textile contained porous material, comprising: (1) mixing porous material solution and polyurethane resin to form a mixture; (2) foaming the mixture of (1); (3) coating the foams of (2) to the surface of textile; (4) drying the textile of (3). The present invention also provides a textile contained porous material which comprises a porous material, a resin layer and a fibrous layer, membrane or release substrate.

Description

Porous material textile with anti-velvet, breathable and adsorption and preparation method thereof

The present invention relates to a method of preparing a textile material having a velvety, breathable and adsorbed porous material, and a textile material of a porous material.

In recent years, with the advancement of technology and the improvement of the quality of life, people's requirements for daily necessities have also increased, and more attention has been paid to the comfort and health functions of clothing. With the advancement of technology, people in this field have tried different processes. Functional characteristics of textiles, such as: odor absorption, breathable, anti-velvet, cool, heat storage, moisture permeability, water pressure and other functions.

At present, most of the textiles with deodorizing function are known to use activated carbon for this purpose, which comprises different types of activated carbon, such as: coconut shell layered activated carbon, spherical activated carbon, fibrous activated carbon and surface chemical treatment The activated carbon has a large particle size, and the particle size varies depending on the manufacturing method. Since the activated carbon has a high specific surface area, the adsorption capacity is large, and the surface thereof is covered with pores having different shapes and sizes, and the pores are made. It has the function of deodorization, and its adsorption target is mainly non-polar macromolecules and saturated molecules, such as benzene, toluene and methyl mercaptan.

In the prior art, the method of adding activated carbon to the clothes has the following methods: 1. The activated carbon particles are sandwiched between the two layers of fabric, and in this way, the fiber of the process is thicker and lighter to wear. , the comfort is low; 2. The activated carbon is incorporated into the covering layer of the covered yarn, in this way, the physical properties of the yarn are changed; 3. The activated carbon is mixed with the adhesive to adhere the activated carbon to the fabric due to The activated carbon powder is coated with the adhesive, so the deodorizing performance is poor, and it is not resistant to water washing. 4. The active carbon fiber raw material is used as the main material, the chemical synthetic fiber is used as the auxiliary material, and the manufactured fabric is the activated carbon added by the method. The weight ratio is low, so the deodorizing effect is limited; and 5. The carbon fiber cloth made of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) is used as the adsorbing material, and the cloth is processed into a two-layer or three-layer structure, which has excellent adsorption. The effect, but expensive, is suitable for military protective clothing, and the feel and weight are not suitable for general fabric applications.

In view of the shortcomings of the prior art and the demand for more comfortable and healthy clothing, the development of a fabric with better deodorizing function and more comfort is the goal of people in this field to develop products that meet the needs of the public. .

The present invention relates to a method for preparing a textile material containing a porous material, which is resistant to velvet, gas permeable and adsorbed, comprising: (1) mixing a solution of a porous material with a resin to form a mixture; (2) (1) The mixture forms a foam; (3) the foam of the coating (2) is applied to the surface of the textile; and (4) the textile of the dried (3). The resin is polyurethane, polyacrylate, polyethylene terephthalate or polycarbonate.

In the method of the present invention, the porous material includes, but not limited to, zeolite, coffee slag, ceria, activated carbon, mesoporous material, activated carbon fiber, polymer nanoporous material, etc., and the preferred porous material is zeolite or coffee grounds. The coffee ground residue may be obtained from roasted coffee grounds, microencapsulated roasted coffee grounds or carbonized coffee grounds, and the processed powder is mixed in a solution, and the porous material solution is formed into a mixture, which may be another Contains a powder: cool powder, moisturizing powder (such as collagen), thermal powder or any kind of essence (such as coffee extract) that can be extracted into powder or liquid, and this solution is water. a mixture of a porous material solution and a resin, which may further comprise a foaming agent, a foaming agent, a foam stabilizer, a bridging agent or a catalyst, and the foaming agent may be stearic acid, and the bridging agent may be isocyanate. The ratio of the polyurethane resin compound to the auxiliary agent is as follows: 1% to 100% of the polyurethane resin compound, 0.05% to 5% of the foaming agent or foaming agent, 0.05% to 10% of the bridging agent, 0.05% to 2 % catalyst, 0.05%~10% foam stabilizer and 1~10% other additives; other additives contained in it can be anti-adhesive, tackifier, hydrophobic additive, water absorption aid , dispersing agents, surface modifiers (such as: waxy agents, slip agents, colorants, fillers), etc.

The auxiliary agent of the invention has different functions, wherein the foaming agent of the main auxiliary agent is a surfactant, so that the water-based resin can easily achieve the foaming effect through the shearing force; the foaming agent can generate gas at high temperature (100 ° C). The foaming effect is achieved; the bridging agent generates bridging reaction at high temperature treatment, which can provide good physical properties of the aqueous resin, increase the mechanical strength and the degree of washing resistance; the foam stabilizer is a stearic acid amine compound, and the purpose is to maintain the water-based resin. Foam stability after foaming; Catalyst catalyst, adjust the rate of self-polymerization between isocyanate and hydroxyl, isocyanate and water, and isocyanate, keep the three reactions normal and balanced; other additives can be anti-adhesives, tackifiers, Hydrophobic auxiliaries, water absorbing auxiliaries, dispersing agents, surface modifying agents (such as wax sensitizers, slip sensitizers, colorants, fillers), etc., wherein the tackifier can improve the viscosity of the resin and make it suitable for use. For any kind of processing; the use of anti-adhesive agent is to make the finished rubber surface dry and free of stickiness; the use of hydrophobic additives is less hydrophilic, so the surface of the resin is not easily stained; the dispersant is powder The auxiliary agent dispersed in the resin can be exposed to the surface of the resin through uniform dispersion; the function of the water absorption aid is to enhance the hydrophilicity of the resin to enhance the moisture permeability; the waxy agent gives the surface of the resin a waxy feeling The slippery agent gives the surface of the resin a feel of hairiness; the colorant can make the coated surface appear different colors; the use of the filler makes the resin have a light-shielding effect.

After the mixture of the present invention is mixed, it is mechanically or chemically foamed, and the mechanical means refers to a polyurethane (Polyurethane), a polyacrylate (polyacrylate), and a polyethylene terephthalate having a foaming ability by mechanical force. Poly(ethylene terephthalate) or polycarbonate (Polycarbonate) forms a bubble due to the intrusion of air and through shearing force; the chemical method uses a foamable agent or the like to thermally foam the substance, and can be self-foamed at a high temperature. The foaming ratio of the foam produced by the two methods is 0.1 to 50 times, and the foam is coated on the surface of the cloth, the foam coating amount is 0.5-500 g/m 2 , and the foam foaming ratio and foam The amount of coating can be adjusted according to different needs; the coating target can be a hygroscopic or hydrophobic textile, which can be a plain woven fabric, a knitted fabric, a non-woven fabric, a film or a release matrix.

The foam formed by mixing the resin compound is processed on the textile, and the preparation process includes the steps of coating, removing moisture, drying and bridging, the textile enters the coating device, and the coating device comprises a roller and a coating device, and is coated. The coating device coats the foam of the present invention on the textile, and the textile coated with the foam of the mixture of the present invention is passed through an oven at a temperature of 50 to 150 ° C for 10 to 240 seconds, and is dried to remove water while carrying out a bridging reaction. And after the pressure roller, the thickness of the coated fabric is increased by about 0.01 mm to 2 mm, and finally a porous surface is formed.

The present invention further provides a textile material of a porous material comprising: (1) a fibrous layer, a film or a release matrix coated with a porous material and a porous resin layer; (2) at least one porous material, distributed and Exposed to the resin layer, covering the surface of the fiber layer, the film or the release matrix, and (3) a resin layer covering the surface of the fiber layer, the film or the release matrix. The porous material may be zeolite, coffee slag, ceria, activated carbon, etc., mesoporous material, activated carbon fiber, polymer nanoporous material, etc., and the preferred porous material of the present invention is zeolite or coffee grounds, wherein The coffee grounds may be derived from roasted coffee grounds, microencapsulated roasted coffee grounds or carbonized coffee grounds, and the processed powder is mixed in a solution; the resin layer may further comprise a cooling powder and a moisturizing powder. (eg collagen), thermal powder and extracts that can be extracted as powder or liquid (eg coffee extract); the resin layer is polyurethane, polyacrylate, poly pair Polyethylene terephthalate or Polycarbonate resin, preferably a polyurethane resin compound; and the textile is a moisture-absorbing or hydrophobic cloth, a film or a release matrix, and the cloth can be Flat weave, knitted fabric or non-woven fabric.

The coating method of the invention is used in the post-finishing process, has wider processing application, simpler process, and makes the fabric process containing the function of absorbing odor, ventilating and anti-velvet easier, lower cost, more choices, more satisfying use The needs of the people.

Embodiment 1: Preparation process of the present invention

Add zeolite or coffee slag to water and mix well to form compounding solution A; add polyurethane resin compound to various additives, including emulsifier, bridging agent, catalyst, foam stabilizer and other additives (such as anti-adhesive) Agent, water repellent, wax sensation agent, surface modifier, etc.), and evenly mix to form a compounding liquid B; the compounding liquid A and the compounding liquid B are uniformly mixed at a ratio of 5 to 95, and mechanically foamed The foam is formed and finally the foam is applied to the surface of the cloth.

The composition ratio of the preparation liquid B is 2.5% of other auxiliary agents, 90% of the polyurethane resin compound, 2% of the foaming agent, 2% of the bridging agent, 0.5 of the catalyst and 3% of the foam stabilizer. The mechanical method is to use a mechanical force to form a foam after the air is driven in, and then apply the foam to the cloth to form a porous surface.

The coating preparation process comprises the steps of coating, drying and bridging, the cloth enters the coating device, the coating device comprises a roller and a coating device, and the coating device applies the foam formed by the mixture of the preparation liquid A and the preparation liquid B of the invention to the cloth. Above, the cloth coated with the foam of the mixture of the present invention is passed through an oven, and the water is removed at a temperature of 90 ° C and 150 ° C for 60 seconds, and the bridging reaction is carried out, and after passing through the pressing wheel, the thickness of the cloth is completed. Increase by 0.2 mm. The finished product is shown in Figure 1.

Embodiment 2: Adsorption capacity test

As shown in Table 1 and Figure 2, the fabric containing no resin and porous material was used as the control group, and the fabric coated with foam, containing 5% coffee ground powder and 5% zeolite powder cloth was used as the experimental group. Compare the adsorption effect. The adsorption capacity test uses the effect of the sample on the adsorption of ammonia gas to test its adsorption capacity, and also shows its deodorizing effect and ability. The test method is based on the JAFET deodorization performance evaluation test.

Table 1.

It can be seen from Table 1 that after adding coffee grounds and zeolite powder, the adsorption capacity is higher than that of the fabric coated only by the foam, and is much higher than the textile without any processing, and the stereoscopic bar graph of Fig. 2 can be further The difference in adsorption effect is clearly seen.

In addition, the textile of the present invention is also sent to the Textile Industry Research Institute (TTRI) for ammonia removal test, and the test method is tested by JAFET for deodorization performance test, the sample size is 10 x 10 square centimeters, and the ammonia gas is removed. Rate = (sample residual concentration / control residual concentration) x 100, the results are as follows:

Table 2. Cloth of coffee grounds powder 1

Table 3. Fabric of coffee grounds powder 2

Embodiment 3: Breathability test

In addition to the test of adsorption capacity, the gas permeability values of different fabrics were also compared. The results are shown in Table 3. The textiles added with coffee grounds or zeolite powder have no difference in gas permeability value with resin-coated textiles, so the powder is added. The porous material of the body does not affect the air permeability of the textile.

Table 4.

Embodiment 4: Anti-velvet test

The textile of the present invention was sent to Taiwan Inspection Technology Co., Ltd., and the textile anti-velvet permeability test (after washing) was carried out under the textile test standard FTMS 191 Method 5530 and the washing test standard AATCC 150-2003. The results are as follows:

table 5.

10. . . Cloth containing coffee grounds

20. . . Coffee grounds powder

Fig. 1 is an enlarged view of a cloth containing a coffee grounds powder of the present invention as viewed by an electron microscope; Fig. 1(a) is scanned at 2000 times; and Fig. 1(b) is scanned at 5000 times.

Figure 2 is a comparison chart of ammonia gas adsorption effects, tested with different fabrics, and the test results are represented by a three-dimensional group bar graph.

10. . . Cloth containing coffee grounds

20. . . Coffee grounds powder

Claims (23)

  1. A method for preparing a textile containing a porous material having anti-velvet, gas permeability and adsorption, comprising: (a) mixing a solution containing a porous material with a resin to form a mixture; (b) forming a mixture of the mixture of (a) into a foam (c) coating the foam of (b) on the surface of the textile; and (d) drying the textile of (c).
  2. The method of claim 1, wherein the solution is water.
  3. The method of claim 1, wherein the solution further comprises a cooling powder, a moisturizing powder, a thermal powder or any powder or liquid which can be added to the solution.
  4. The method of claim 1, wherein the mixture of step (a) further comprises a foaming agent, a foaming agent, a foam stabilizer, a bridging agent or a catalyst.
  5. The method of claim 1, wherein the porous material is zeolite, coffee grounds, ceria, activated carbon, mesoporous material, activated carbon fiber or polymeric nanoporous material.
  6. The method of claim 1, wherein the resin is selected from the group consisting of polyurethane, polyacrylate, polyethylene terephthalate, and polycarbonate resin. .
  7. The method of claim 4, wherein the ratio of the auxiliary agent is 0.05% to 5% of a foaming agent or a foaming agent, 0.05% to 10% of a bridging agent, and 0.05% to 2% of a catalyst. 0.05%~10% foam stabilizer and 1~10% other additives.
  8. The method of claim 6, wherein the ratio of the urethane resin compound is from 1% to 100%.
  9. The method of claim 7, wherein the other auxiliary agent is selected from the group consisting of an anti-adhesive agent, a tackifier, a hydrophobic auxiliary agent, a water-absorbing auxiliary agent, a dispersing agent or a surface modifying agent.
  10. The method of claim 9, wherein the surface modifying agent is selected from the group consisting of a wax sensitizer, a slip agent, a colorant, and a filler.
  11. The method of claim 1, wherein the mixture is formed into a foam by mechanical or chemical means.
  12. The method of claim 1, wherein the foam coating amount is from 0.5 to 500 g/m 2 .
  13. The method of claim 1, wherein the foam has a foaming ratio of 0.1 to 50 times.
  14. The method of claim 1, wherein the textile is a plain woven fabric, a knitted fabric, a non-woven fabric, a film or a release substrate.
  15. A textile material having a porous material which is resistant to velvet, gas permeable and adsorbed, comprising: a fiber layer, a film or a release matrix coated with a porous resin layer; at least one porous material distributed and exposed to the resin layer Covering the surface of the fiber layer; and a resin layer covering the surface of the fiber layer.
  16. The textile of claim 15, wherein the resin layer further comprises a cooling powder, a moisturizing powder, a thermal powder or any powder or liquid which can be added to the solution.
  17. The textile of claim 15, wherein the resin layer is an aqueous resin.
  18. The textile of claim 15 wherein the fibrous layer is a plain woven fabric, a knitted fabric or a non-woven fabric.
  19. The textile of claim 15 wherein the porous material is zeolite, coffee grounds, ceria, activated carbon, mesoporous material, activated carbon fiber or polymeric nanoporous material.
  20. The textile of claim 16, wherein the moisturizing powder system is collagen.
  21. The textile of claim 16, wherein the liquid system is a coffee extract.
  22. The textile of claim 17, wherein the resin layer is Polyurethane, Polyacrylate, Polyethylene terephthalate or Polycarbonate.
  23. The textile of claim 19, wherein the coffee grounds are roasted coffee grounds, microencapsulated roasted coffee grounds or carbonized coffee grounds.
TW101100001A 2012-01-02 2012-01-02 Down-proof, ventilative and absorptive textile with porous material and preparation thereof TW201328874A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI572638B (en) * 2014-08-22 2017-03-01 德成有限公司 Aqueous thermosetting urethane compound for yarn coating and method of manufacturing coated yarn using the same
TWI618829B (en) * 2016-04-21 2018-03-21 遠東新世紀股份有限公司 Down-proof fabric

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI572638B (en) * 2014-08-22 2017-03-01 德成有限公司 Aqueous thermosetting urethane compound for yarn coating and method of manufacturing coated yarn using the same
TWI618829B (en) * 2016-04-21 2018-03-21 遠東新世紀股份有限公司 Down-proof fabric

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