CN101972771A - Device and method for classifying, collecting and treating household garbage - Google Patents

Device and method for classifying, collecting and treating household garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101972771A
CN101972771A CN 201010282057 CN201010282057A CN101972771A CN 101972771 A CN101972771 A CN 101972771A CN 201010282057 CN201010282057 CN 201010282057 CN 201010282057 A CN201010282057 A CN 201010282057A CN 101972771 A CN101972771 A CN 101972771A
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rubbish
garbage
quantitative classification
classification dustbin
manipulator
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CN 201010282057
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CN101972771B (en
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刘新超
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刘新超
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Abstract

The invention discloses a device and a method for classifying, collecting and treating household garbage. The device comprises a garbage receiving container, a packaging machine, a quantitative classifying garbage can removing device, a quantitative classifying garbage can, a monitoring and detecting device, a garbage compressor, a garbage picking mechanical hand and a rake classifier, wherein the monitoring and detecting device detects the state of garbage in the garbage receiving container; the garbage picking mechanical hand scratches and cuts garbage bags in the garbage receiving container, picks recoverable matters and feeds the picked recoverable matters to the quantitative classifying garbage can; the quantitative classifying garbage can removing device moves the recoverable matters in the quantitative classifying garbage can into the packaging machine and compresses and packs the recoverable matters; and the garbage compressor presses the remaining garbage into a container and sends the remaining garbage out for treating. The device and the method for classifying, collecting and treating the household garbage can classify, compress and reduce the household garbage when the household garbage is collected and stimulate the enthusiasm of garbage classifying personnel participating in garbage classification to the maximum extent.

Description

A kind of categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device and method, particularly a kind of is the separate waste collection treating apparatus and the method at a kind of domestic waste collection station of base unit with hotel, market, school, government, organ and community and small towns.
Background technology
In the prior art, along with the raising of development of science and technology and people's living standard, require the rubbish processing of classifying.Nation-building portion has just determined as far back as 2000 with Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, Nanjing, 8 cities in Xiamen and Guilin, as " categorized consumer waste collection experimental city ".Past existing 10 years, though prior art is to be provided with the sorting rubbish surge drum in street corner, city and enterprises and institutions and biotope, but existing house refuse compression collecting box and the classification processing of compression type garbage truck and the disappearance of delivery functions, when collecting house refuse, usually see vehicle the toppling in car of transportation rubbish in the daily life with one brain of rubbish in the different dustbins, different types of rubbish of the good class of score is mixed together, and most of rubbish is still handled in the mode of landfill.This " by minute change mixing " refuse collection mode makes community residents' refuse classification lose meaning, serious contusion the resident participate in the enthusiasm of refuse classification; Therefore, when the communication and education community resident formed the refuse classification custom, the supporting enforcement that refuse classification is reclaimed and handled also should be perfect as early as possible, only in this way just can reach comprehensive utilization and recycling purpose.The famous environment specialist Dong Jin of China lion professor points out: " if do not solve the problem of classification transportation, classification processing, just can not really accomplish the refuse classification processing ".
The patent of invention that the existing application number of China is Chinese patent literature CN101658853A (application number is 200810146733.0) discloses a kind of city garbage specification recovery method and device thereof, the patent of invention of CN101767698A (application number is 201010019501.6) discloses a kind of categorized consumer waste and has collected transportation processing method and special-purpose household garbage case, the patent of invention of CN101618789A (application number is 200910145875.X) discloses a kind of simple separate waste collection method, the patent of invention of CN101347789A (application number is 200810222093.7) discloses system for processing categorized consumer waste and processing method thereof, the patent of invention of CN101406348A (application number is 200810013471.0) discloses classified-refuse recovery system or the like.But above-mentioned these patents have also just been carried out the simple classification accumulating with house refuse, when collecting house refuse, house refuse do not classified compression, decrement treatment, more the benefit that the refuse classification recycling is produced is not linked up with the staff's who directly is engaged in refuse classification interests, thereby can not transfer the enthusiasm that these personnel participate in refuse classification.
Summary of the invention
At the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device and method of can be when collecting house refuse house refuse be classified compression, decrement treatment, make refuse classification recycling benefit that produces and the staff's who directly is engaged in refuse classification interests link up with, be engaged in the enthusiasm that the refuse classification staff participates in refuse classification thereby transfer to greatest extent.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that a kind of categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device, comprises the admittance refuse container, baling press, the quantitative classification dustbin moves barreled and puts, quantitative classification dustbin, monitoring sniffer, trash compactor, rubbish pick up manipulator and rake formula classifier; Described admittance refuse container and described baling press are set up in parallel, described quantitative classification dustbin moves barreled and puts and be installed on the described baling press, described quantitative classification dustbin is installed in described quantitative classification dustbin and moves barreled and put, described trash compactor, described rubbish picks up manipulator and described rake formula classifier independently is installed in respectively in the described admittance refuse container, described rubbish picks up described monitoring sniffer is installed on the manipulator, described quantitative classification dustbin has telescopic rubbish and admits mouth, and the sidewall that described admittance refuse container closes on described quantitative classification dustbin is provided with the Recyclable outlet.
Above-mentioned categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device, on the inwall of described admittance refuse container and the top of described quantitative classification dustbin all is equipped with described monitoring sniffer.
Above-mentioned categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device, described monitoring sniffer are the video monitoring probe.
Above-mentioned categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device, described quantitative classification dustbin is two or more.
Above-mentioned categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device comprises also that respectively picking up manipulator, described baling press and described quantitative classification dustbin with described rubbish moves barreled and put the controller that communicates to connect, and described monitoring sniffer is the spectrum recognition sensor.
A kind of categorized consumer waste collection processing method comprises the steps:
(a) by feeding device or rubbish dolly house refuse is poured in the described admittance refuse container;
(b) situation by rubbish in the described admittance refuse container of described monitoring detection, and start described rubbish and pick up manipulator the refuse bag in the described admittance refuse container is scratched, cuts;
(c) start described rake formula classifier, volume is big, that weight is frivolous paper, plastics, Coke bottle, pop can bottle and the cloth rubbish surface of raking off;
(d) pick up the Recyclable that manipulator picks up the rubbish surface by described monitoring sniffer and by starting described rubbish, pick up the difference of Recyclable that manipulator picks up according to described rubbish, described quantitative classification dustbin moves barreled and puts different described quantitative classification dustbins is transplanted on the Recyclable exit that is provided with on the sidewall of described admittance refuse container, and described rubbish picks up manipulator and admits mouth to put in the described quantitative classification dustbin by described Recyclable outlet and described telescopic rubbish the Recyclable that picks up;
When (e) reaching the Recyclable of rated capacity, move barreled by described quantitative classification dustbin and put the Recyclable in the described quantitative classification dustbin is moved in the described baling press, compress packing when packing in the described quantitative classification dustbin;
(f) will compress bag-packaged Nonexpendable Item and discharge described baling press and further binding packing, the Nonexpendable Item that the binding packing is good is regularly purchased by the waste recovery personnel;
(g) pick up the remaining rubbish of manipulator sorting through described rubbish, be pressed in the container, and send processing by described trash compactor.
Above-mentioned categorized consumer waste collection processing method all is being equipped with described monitoring sniffer on the inwall of described admittance refuse container and above described quantitative classification dustbin.
Above-mentioned categorized consumer waste collection processing method, described monitoring sniffer are the video monitoring probe.
Above-mentioned categorized consumer waste collection processing method, described quantitative classification dustbin is two or more.
Above-mentioned categorized consumer waste collection processing method, described rubbish pick up manipulator, described baling press and described quantitative classification dustbin and move barreled and put respectively and communicate to connect with described controller, and described monitoring sniffer is the spectrum recognition sensor.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: 1, the present invention is based upon community's refuse collection station to carry out refuse classification and handle, from the source to the classification decrement of house refuse; 2, because of this invention is just to carry out classification to handle at the domestic waste collection station, reduce the freight volume of rubbish greatly, can save a large amount of freights; 3, resource utilization degree height of the present invention; 4, the present invention links the staff's at benefit that recycling produced and domestic waste collection station interests directly, and easily the transfer personnel carry out the enthusiasm of refuse classification; 5, use the present invention, can save the land resource that a large amount of landfill wastes is used.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the plan structure schematic diagram of categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left TV structure schematic diagram of categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device of the present invention shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 3 picks up the structural representation of manipulator for the rubbish of categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device of the present invention illustrated in figures 1 and 2.
Among the figure: 1-admits refuse container, the 2-baling press, and 3-quantitative classification dustbin moves barreled and puts, 4-quantitative classification dustbin, 5-monitors sniffer, the 6-trash compactor, 7-rubbish picks up manipulator, 8-rake formula classifier.
The specific embodiment
The present invention is described further in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device of present embodiment comprises and admits refuse container 1, baling press 2, the quantitative classification dustbin moves barreled and puts 3, quantitative classification dustbin 4, monitoring sniffer 5, trash compactor 6, rubbish pick up manipulator 7 and rake formula classifier 8; Described admittance refuse container 1 is set up in parallel with described baling press 2, described quantitative classification dustbin moves barreled and puts 3 and be installed on the described baling press 2, described quantitative classification dustbin 4 is installed in described quantitative classification dustbin and moves barreled and put on 3, described trash compactor 6, described rubbish picks up manipulator 7 and described rake formula classifier 8 independently is installed in respectively in the described admittance refuse container 1, described rubbish picks up on the manipulator 7, on the inwall of described admittance the refuse container 1 and top of described quantitative classification dustbin 4 all is equipped with described monitoring sniffer 5, described quantitative classification dustbin 4 has telescopic rubbish and admits mouth, and the sidewall that described admittance refuse container 1 closes on described quantitative classification dustbin 4 is provided with the Recyclable outlet.Described monitoring sniffer 5 is the spectrum recognition sensor.Described quantitative classification dustbin 4 is six, can classify simultaneously at most and reclaim six kinds of different Recyclables, also can use the container of three described quantitative classification dustbins 4 as three different splendid attire Recyclables, other three described quantitative classification dustbins 4 are respectively as complementary tank.The categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device of present embodiment comprises also that respectively picking up manipulator 7, described baling press 2 and described quantitative classification dustbin with described rubbish moves barreled and put 3 controllers that communicate to connect, and can be respectively picks up manipulator 7, described baling press 2 and described quantitative classification dustbin to described rubbish by described controller and moves barreled and put 3 and send control command.
The categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device that uses present embodiment comprises the steps: the categorized consumer waste collection processing method
(a) by feeding device or rubbish dolly house refuse is poured in the described admittance refuse container 1;
(b) survey the situation of rubbish in the described admittance refuse container 1 by described spectrum recognition sensor, automatically identify bagged garbage, and pick up manipulator 7 by described controller to described rubbish and send control command, start described rubbish and pick up manipulator 7 refuse bag in the described admittance refuse container 1 is scratched, cuts;
(c) start described rake formula classifier 8, volume is big, that weight is frivolous paper, plastics, Coke bottle, pop can bottle and the cloth rubbish surface of raking off;
(d) identify different Recyclables by described spectrum recognition sensor, described controller picks up manipulator 7 to described rubbish and sends control command, pick up the Recyclable that manipulator 7 picks up the rubbish surface by starting described rubbish, pick up the difference of manipulator 7 Recyclable that picks up according to described rubbish, described quantitative classification dustbin moves barreled and puts 3 different described quantitative classification dustbins 4 is transplanted on the Recyclable exit that is provided with on the sidewall of described admittance refuse container 1, and described rubbish picks up manipulator 7 and admits mouth to put in the described quantitative classification dustbin 4 by described Recyclable outlet and described telescopic rubbish the Recyclable that picks up;
When (e) reaching the Recyclable of rated capacity when packing in the described quantitative classification dustbin 4, described controller moves barreled to described quantitative classification dustbin and puts 3 and send control command, moving barreled by described quantitative classification dustbin puts 3 the Recyclables in the described quantitative classification dustbin 4 is moved in the described baling press 2, described controller sends control command to described baling press 2, and the Recyclable that enters in the described baling press 2 is compressed packing;
(f) will compress bag-packaged Nonexpendable Item and discharge described baling press 2 and further binding packing, the Nonexpendable Item that the binding packing is good is regularly purchased by the waste recovery personnel;
(g) pick up the remaining rubbish of manipulator 7 sortings through described rubbish, be pressed in the container by described trash compactor 6, and send processing.
Utilize categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device of the present invention that house refuse is carried out automatic categorised collection and handle, can be in the source that house refuse produces: in the hotel, market, school, government, organ and community and small towns be that the refuse collection transfer station of base unit is classified that compression is handled, the decrement transportation, helped realizing the refuse classification recycling, and can directly produce the method and apparatus of economic benefit house refuse.
In some other embodiment, described monitoring sniffer 5 is the video monitoring probe, can realize house refuse is carried out artificial semi-automatic sort operation: house refuse through feeding device or rubbish dolly pour into admit refuse container after, operating personnel can pick up the video monitoring probe on the manipulator 7 and be installed in video monitoring probe on described admittance refuse container 1 inwall by described rubbish, observe the situation of rubbish in the described admittance refuse container 1, operate described rubbish by remote control then and pick up manipulator 7 packed refuse bag is scratched out; At this moment, start described rake formula classifier 8 with frivolous material article such as the paper in the house refuse, plastics, foamed plastics, Coke bottle, pop can, the cloth rubbish surface of raking off; Operating personnel pick up video monitoring probe on the manipulator 7 by being installed in described rubbish, and the described rubbish of straighforward operation picks up manipulator 7, and described quantitative classification dustbin 4 is picked up in the Recyclable classification that respectively these is positioned at the rubbish surface; After the branch of the rated capacity of packing in the described quantitative classification dustbin 4 has been got well the rubbish of class, the telescopic rubbish of described quantitative classification dustbin 4 is admitted a mouthful retraction, described quantitative classification dustbin moves barreled and puts 3 startups, the described quantitative classification dustbin 4 of filling Recyclable is moved on to the charging aperture top of described baling press, open the discharge door of described quantitative classification dustbin 4, Recyclable is entered in the described baling press 2, compress packing; To compress bag-packaged Nonexpendable Item and discharge described baling press 2 and further binding packing, the Nonexpendable Item that the binding packing is good is regularly purchased by the waste recovery personnel; The rubbish that remains after sorting is pushed in the container by described trash compactor 6, is sent to destructor plant and does further processing.

Claims (10)

1. categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device, it is characterized in that, comprise and admit refuse container (1), baling press (2), the quantitative classification dustbin moves barreled and puts (3), quantitative classification dustbin (4), monitoring sniffer (5), trash compactor (6), rubbish pick up manipulator (7) and rake formula classifier (8); Described admittance refuse container (1) is set up in parallel with described baling press (2), described quantitative classification dustbin moves barreled and puts (3) and be installed on the described baling press (2), described quantitative classification dustbin (4) is installed in described quantitative classification dustbin and moves barreled and put on (3), described trash compactor (6), described rubbish picks up manipulator (7) and described rake formula classifier (8) independently is installed in respectively in the described admittance refuse container (1), described rubbish picks up described monitoring sniffer (5) is installed on the manipulator (7), described quantitative classification dustbin (4) has telescopic rubbish and admits mouth, and the sidewall that described admittance refuse container (1) closes on described quantitative classification dustbin (4) is provided with the Recyclable outlet.
2. categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, on the inwall of described admittance refuse container (1) and the top of described quantitative classification dustbin (4) all is equipped with described monitoring sniffer (5).
3. categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described monitoring sniffer (5) is the video monitoring probe.
4. categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, comprise also that respectively picking up manipulator (7), described baling press (2) and described quantitative classification dustbin with described rubbish moves barreled and put the controller that (3) communicate to connect, described monitoring sniffer (5) is the spectrum recognition sensor.
5. according to the arbitrary described categorized consumer waste collection and treatment device of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that described quantitative classification dustbin (4) is two or more.
6. a categorized consumer waste collection processing method is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
(a) by feeding device or rubbish dolly house refuse is poured in the described admittance refuse container (1);
(b) survey the situation of interior the rubbish of described admittance refuse container (1) by described monitoring sniffer (5), and start described rubbish and pick up manipulator (7) refuse bag that described admittance refuse container (1) is interior and scratch, cut;
(c) start described rake formula classifier (8), volume is big, that weight is frivolous paper, plastics, Coke bottle, pop can bottle and the cloth rubbish surface of raking off;
(d) pick up manipulator (7) and pick up the Recyclable on rubbish surface by described monitoring sniffer (5) and by starting described rubbish, pick up the difference of manipulator (7) Recyclable that picks up according to described rubbish, described quantitative classification dustbin moves barreled and puts (3) different described quantitative classification dustbins (4) is transplanted on the Recyclable exit that is provided with on the sidewall of described admittance refuse container (1), and described rubbish picks up manipulator (7) and admits mouth to put in the described quantitative classification dustbin (4) by described Recyclable outlet and described telescopic rubbish the Recyclable that picks up;
When (e) reaching the Recyclable of rated capacity when packing in the described quantitative classification dustbin (4), move barreled by described quantitative classification dustbin and put (3) Recyclable in the described quantitative classification dustbin (4) is moved in the described baling press (2), compress packing;
(f) will compress bag-packaged Nonexpendable Item and discharge described baling press (2) and further binding packing, the Nonexpendable Item that the binding packing is good is regularly purchased by the waste recovery personnel;
(g) pick up the remaining rubbish of manipulator (7) sorting through described rubbish, be pressed in the container by described trash compactor (6), and send processing.
7. categorized consumer waste collection processing method according to claim 6 is characterized in that, on the inwall of described admittance refuse container (1) and in the top of described quantitative classification dustbin (4) described monitoring sniffer (5) is installed all.
8. categorized consumer waste collection processing method according to claim 6 is characterized in that, described monitoring sniffer (5) is the video monitoring probe.
9. categorized consumer waste collection processing method according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described rubbish picks up manipulator (7), described baling press (2) and described quantitative classification dustbin and moves barreled and put (3) and communicate to connect with described controller respectively, and described monitoring sniffer (5) is the spectrum recognition sensor.
10. according to the arbitrary described categorized consumer waste collection processing method of claim 6 to 9, it is characterized in that described quantitative classification dustbin (4) is two or more.
CN2010102820577A 2010-09-15 2010-09-15 Device and method for classifying, collecting and treating household garbage Expired - Fee Related CN101972771B (en)

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CN102319675A (en) * 2011-06-23 2012-01-18 桂林电子科技大学 Household garbage sorting manipulator
CN103143509A (en) * 2013-03-21 2013-06-12 电子科技大学 Garbage classification robot and garbage identification and classification method
CN103787011A (en) * 2014-02-14 2014-05-14 青岛农业大学 Community rubbish can intelligent management system and rubbish recycling methods
CN104588334A (en) * 2013-10-30 2015-05-06 邢玉明 Way for adopting production line to sort miscellanies, sorting production line, and light spectrum parallel connection mechanical arm
CN104588328A (en) * 2013-10-30 2015-05-06 邢玉明 Garbage sorting production line
CN104646310A (en) * 2013-11-24 2015-05-27 邢玉明 Sorting production line
CN104647351A (en) * 2013-11-24 2015-05-27 邢玉明 Parallel manipulator of spectral imager
CN104646302A (en) * 2013-11-24 2015-05-27 邢玉明 Method for sorting non-biological domestic garbage by parallel manipulators
CN106115106A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-11-16 齐鲁工业大学 A kind of Intelligent refuse classification sorting unit
CN107499780A (en) * 2017-09-19 2017-12-22 刘琴兰 A kind of solar energy dustbin that household garbage-compressing can be packed
CN109277302A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-01-29 韶关市海粤生物科技发展有限公司 The preliminary sorting unit of house refuse
CN109809061A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-05-28 陕西智享亿家环保科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent environment protection garbage retrieving system
CN110015521A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-07-16 清华珠三角研究院 A kind of Intelligent refuse classification recycling bins

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Cited By (17)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102319675B (en) * 2011-06-23 2013-05-22 桂林电子科技大学 Household garbage sorting manipulator
CN102319675A (en) * 2011-06-23 2012-01-18 桂林电子科技大学 Household garbage sorting manipulator
CN103143509A (en) * 2013-03-21 2013-06-12 电子科技大学 Garbage classification robot and garbage identification and classification method
CN103143509B (en) * 2013-03-21 2014-10-22 电子科技大学 Garbage classification robot and garbage identification and classification method
CN104588328A (en) * 2013-10-30 2015-05-06 邢玉明 Garbage sorting production line
CN104588334A (en) * 2013-10-30 2015-05-06 邢玉明 Way for adopting production line to sort miscellanies, sorting production line, and light spectrum parallel connection mechanical arm
CN104647351A (en) * 2013-11-24 2015-05-27 邢玉明 Parallel manipulator of spectral imager
CN104646310A (en) * 2013-11-24 2015-05-27 邢玉明 Sorting production line
CN104646302A (en) * 2013-11-24 2015-05-27 邢玉明 Method for sorting non-biological domestic garbage by parallel manipulators
CN103787011A (en) * 2014-02-14 2014-05-14 青岛农业大学 Community rubbish can intelligent management system and rubbish recycling methods
CN106115106A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-11-16 齐鲁工业大学 A kind of Intelligent refuse classification sorting unit
CN106115106B (en) * 2016-07-05 2018-09-28 齐鲁工业大学 A kind of Intelligent refuse classification sorting unit
CN107499780A (en) * 2017-09-19 2017-12-22 刘琴兰 A kind of solar energy dustbin that household garbage-compressing can be packed
CN109277302A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-01-29 韶关市海粤生物科技发展有限公司 The preliminary sorting unit of house refuse
CN109277302B (en) * 2018-10-09 2021-11-05 韶关市海粤生物科技发展有限公司 Preliminary sorting device for household garbage
CN109809061A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-05-28 陕西智享亿家环保科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent environment protection garbage retrieving system
CN110015521A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-07-16 清华珠三角研究院 A kind of Intelligent refuse classification recycling bins

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