CN101926254B - Stalk cutting and stubble cleaning integrated machine - Google Patents

Stalk cutting and stubble cleaning integrated machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101926254B
CN101926254B CN2010101751122A CN201010175112A CN101926254B CN 101926254 B CN101926254 B CN 101926254B CN 2010101751122 A CN2010101751122 A CN 2010101751122A CN 201010175112 A CN201010175112 A CN 201010175112A CN 101926254 B CN101926254 B CN 101926254B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stubble
cleaning
tulwar
straw
drive shaft
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010101751122A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101926254A (en
Inventor
李其昀
张亮亮
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Shandong University of Technology
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Shandong University of Technology
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Priority to CN2010101751122A priority Critical patent/CN101926254B/en
Publication of CN101926254A publication Critical patent/CN101926254A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101926254B publication Critical patent/CN101926254B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a stalk cutting and stubble cleaning integrated machine. In the machine, a finned bent blade is arranged on an external drive sleeve through a tool apron; a stubble cleaning bent blade is arranged on an internal drive shaft through the tool apron; a bracket is arranged on a connecting frame; stationary blades are uniformly fixed on the connecting frame; the internal drive shaft and the external drive sleeve are arranged on the connecting frame by a rolling bearing through the bracket; a double output chain wheel is arranged on a gearbox; and a large chain wheel is arranged on the internal drive shaft, and a small chain wheel is arranged on the external drive sleeve. At work, the finned bent blade with a relatively high rotation speed guides straw to the stationary blades to cut up the straw by cooperating with the stationary blades and functions as a fan to blow away and throw the cut straw uniformly at the same time; and the stubble cleaning bent blade with a relatively low rotation speed cuts up the stubbles and uniformly throws the cut stubbles. The whole machine has a functional unit which combines the straw cutting and stubble cleaning functions together, the upper part of the machine cuts up the straw and returns the cut straw into soil, while the lower part cleans and eliminates the stubbles, so that the machine has high working performance.

Description

Straw chopping and stubble-cleaning all-in-one
Affiliated technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of straw chopping and stubble-cleaning all-in-one, especially can above chopping stem stalk go back the field operation, the straw chopping and the stubble-cleaning all-in-one that go out below and dig up the roots batch belong to agricultural mechanical field.
Background technology
Maize straw and stubble-cleaning are the sport technique segments that harvest corn operation in autumn presses for solution, when especially adopting corn combined harvester or during protective farming technique, need especially to solve.At present, straw-returning and stubble-cleaning, most modes that adopt stubble-cleaning behind the field also; Or field-returning machine and stubble cleaner separate operaton; Accomplish also field and stubble-cleaning operation respectively, also can form the stubble cleaner of returning crop stocks to the field, after returning crop stocks to the field, carry out the stubble-cleaning operation at once by field-returning machine and rotovator.This type machine is because implement structure weight is huge, and machine or tractor front are born a heavy burden unsuitable excessive, can't be put into machine or tractor front portion; So be that straw cutting apparatus and rotovator are placed on machine (suspension type is at tractor) tractor rear portion (also have self-propelling field-returning machine is positioned over the machine middle part) basically during operation; All have tractor or the serious problem of combined harvester tire depression bar, adopt the principle of horizontal also field and stubble-cleaning simultaneously, consumed power is very big; Add; In order to improve operation quality, that part of stalk that is especially overwhelmed by tire needs the field-returning machine moving knife of high-speed cruising from soil, it to be picked up; With regard to the soil of cutting that must be serious, thereby cause more serious power consumption.Vertical straw cutting apparatus, itself is simple in structure, and weight is light again, can be arranged in the front end of machine (perhaps tractor), has solved the problem of wheel tire pressure stalk, and also in the field, also field stubble-cleaning institutional operation has been realized with slower speed stubble-cleaning in the bottom on top.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly can overcome above-mentioned defective, make the broken bar after the chopping can shed uniform straw chopping and stubble-cleaning all-in-one.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of straw chopping and stubble-cleaning all-in-one comprise band wing tulwar, stubble-cleaning tulwar, dead knife, shredding mechanism guard shield, link, carriage, intermediate solid drive shaft, outer transmission sleeve, gear-box, duplex output chain gear, hinge wheel, minor sprocket.Wherein be with the wing tulwar to be installed on the outer transmission sleeve through tool rest; The stubble-cleaning tulwar is installed on the intermediate solid drive shaft through tool rest, and carriage is installed on the link, and dead knife evenly is fixed on the link; Intermediate solid drive shaft is installed on the link by rolling bearing through carriage with outer transmission sleeve; The duplex output chain gear is installed on the gear-box, and hinge wheel is installed on the intermediate solid drive shaft, and minor sprocket is installed on the outer transmission sleeve.During work, the higher relatively band wing tulwar of rotating speed is directed into the dead knife place with stalk, and band wing tulwar and dead knife integration of operation be stalks cutting, is with the wing tulwar to play the fan effect simultaneously and broken bar is blown afloat evenly sheds; The relatively low stubble-cleaning tulwar of rotating speed is also evenly shed the chopping of face of land stubble.
Described straw chopping and stubble-cleaning all-in-one, with vertical stubble-cleaning and straw chopping also field functionalities integrator form a functional unit, chopping stem stalk is gone back the field operation above, the stubble that digs up the roots below goes out.
Described straw chopping and stubble-cleaning all-in-one; The vertical stubble-cleaning of arranging on the facility and straw chopping also field functional unit number be more than 1, the intermediate solid drive shaft number that on each functional unit, comprises is 1, the number of the outer transmission sleeve that comprises is 1; The band wing tulwar group number of arranging on the transmission sleeve outside is 2 groups; Every group band wing tulwar tree is 4, and the stubble-cleaning tulwar group number of on intermediate solid drive shaft, arranging is 1 group, and every group stubble-cleaning tulwar number is 4.
Described straw chopping and stubble-cleaning all-in-one, straw chopping also field function adopt band wing tulwar.
Described straw chopping and stubble-cleaning all-in-one, carriage is installed on the link, and intermediate solid drive shaft is installed on the link by rolling bearing through carriage with outer transmission sleeve.
Described straw chopping and stubble-cleaning all-in-one, straw chopping also field function and stubble-cleaning function adopt same through-drive, and the intermediate solid drive shaft rotating speed is slow, and outer transmission sleeve rotates fast,, satisfy the also needs of field function of stubble-cleaning function and straw chopping respectively.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows that straw chopping and stubble-cleaning functionalities integrator are formed a functional unit, and chopping stem stalk is gone back the field operation above, the stubble that digs up the roots that goes out below, the multifunction and the modularization of realization facility; The vertical stubble-cleaning of arranging on the facility and straw chopping also field functional unit number be more than 1; The intermediate solid drive shaft number that on each functional unit, comprises is 1; The number of the outer transmission sleeve that comprises is 1, and the band wing tulwar group number of arranging on the transmission sleeve outside is 2 groups, and every group band wing tulwar tree is 4; The stubble-cleaning tulwar group number of on intermediate solid drive shaft, arranging is 1 group, and every group stubble-cleaning tulwar number is 4; Straw chopping also field function adopts band wing tulwar, can strengthen the intensity of cutter, improves cutting effect, helps importing the stem stalk again and plays action of fan, and the broken bar that is beneficial to after the chopping is evenly shed, and satisfies the requirement of protective farming technique; Carriage is installed on the link, and intermediate solid drive shaft and outer transmission sleeve are installed on the link by rolling bearing through carriage, and the enhancing straw chopping is the stability and the safety of field and stubble-cleaning also; Straw chopping also field function and stubble-cleaning function adopts same through-drive, and the intermediate solid drive shaft rotating speed is slow, and outer transmission sleeve rotates fast,, satisfy the also needs of field function of stubble-cleaning function and straw chopping respectively.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is further specified.
Accompanying drawing 1 is the front view of straw chopping and stubble-cleaning all-in-one
Accompanying drawing 2 is the front view of a functional unit on straw chopping and the stubble-cleaning all-in-one
Among the figure: 1. outer transmission sleeve, 2. intermediate solid drive shaft, 3. dead knife, 4.18.19. circlip for hole, 5.17. tool rest; 6.20. circlip for shaft, 7. carriage, 8. stubble-cleaning tulwar, 9. rolling bearing, 10. holding screw; 11. band wing tulwar, 12. guard shields, 13. duplex output chain gears, 14. gear-boxes, 15. hinge wheels; 16. bearing block, 21. combined harvester bodies, 22. links, 23. minor sprockets.
Embodiment
Present embodiment is to be used for explaining of the present invention, rather than the present invention is carried out any restriction.Among the embodiment shown in Fig. 1~2: band wing tulwar (11) is installed on the outer transmission sleeve (1) through tool rest (17); Stubble-cleaning tulwar (8) is installed on the intermediate solid drive shaft (2) through tool rest (5); Carriage (7) is installed on the link (22); Dead knife (3) evenly is fixed on the link (22), and intermediate solid drive shaft (2) and outer transmission sleeve (1) are installed on the link (22) by rolling bearing (9) through carriage (7), and duplex output chain gear (13) is installed on the gear-box (14); Hinge wheel (15) is installed on the intermediate solid drive shaft (2), and minor sprocket (23) is installed on the outer transmission sleeve (1).During work, the higher relatively band wing tulwar (11) of rotating speed is directed into dead knife (3) with stalk and locates, and band wing tulwar (11) and dead knife (3) integration of operation be stalks cutting, is with wing tulwar (11) to play the fan effect simultaneously and broken bar is blown afloat evenly sheds; The relatively low stubble-cleaning tulwar (8) of rotating speed is also evenly shed the chopping of face of land root stubble.Complete machine with vertical stubble-cleaning and straw chopping also field functionalities integrator form a functional unit, chopping stem stalk is gone back the field operation above, the stubble that digs up the roots that goes out has below been realized the multifunction and the modularization of facility, excellent working performance.

Claims (5)

1. straw chopping and stubble-cleaning all-in-one comprise band wing tulwar (11), stubble-cleaning tulwar (8), dead knife (3), shredding mechanism guard shield (12), link (22), carriage (7), intermediate solid drive shaft (2), outer transmission sleeve (1), gear-box (14), duplex output chain gear (13), hinge wheel (15), minor sprocket (23); It is characterized in that: band wing tulwar (11) is installed on the outer transmission sleeve (1) through first group of tool rest (17); Stubble-cleaning tulwar (8) is installed on the intermediate solid drive shaft (2) through second group of tool rest (5); Carriage (7) is installed on the link (22); Dead knife (3) evenly is fixed on the link (22), and intermediate solid drive shaft (2) and outer transmission sleeve (1) are installed on the link (22) by rolling bearing (9) through carriage (7), and duplex output chain gear (13) is installed on the gear-box (14); Hinge wheel (15) is installed on the intermediate solid drive shaft (2), and minor sprocket (23) is installed on the outer transmission sleeve (1).
2. straw chopping according to claim 1 and stubble-cleaning all-in-one; It is characterized in that: with vertical stubble-cleaning and straw chopping also field functionalities integrator form a functional unit; Chopping stem stalk is gone back the field operation above, the stubble that digs up the roots that goes out below, the multifunction and the modularization of realization facility.
3. straw chopping according to claim 1 and stubble-cleaning all-in-one; It is characterized in that: the vertical stubble-cleaning of arranging on the facility and straw chopping also field functional unit number be more than 1; The intermediate solid drive shaft that on each functional unit, comprises (2) number is 1; The number of the outer transmission sleeve (1) that comprises is 1, and last band wing tulwar (11) the group number of arranging of transmission sleeve (1) is 2 groups outside, and every group band wing tulwar (11) number is 4; Going up stubble-cleaning tulwar (8) the group number of arranging at intermediate solid drive shaft (2) is 1 group, and every group stubble-cleaning tulwar (8) number is 4.
4. straw chopping according to claim 1 and stubble-cleaning all-in-one; It is characterized in that: straw chopping also field function adopts band wing tulwar (11); Can strengthen the intensity of cutter, improve cutting effect, help importing the stem stalk again and play action of fan; The broken bar that is beneficial to after the chopping is evenly shed, and satisfies the requirement of protective farming technique.
5. straw chopping according to claim 1 and stubble-cleaning all-in-one; It is characterized in that: straw chopping also field function and stubble-cleaning function adopts same through-drive; The intermediate solid drive shaft rotating speed is slow, and outer transmission sleeve rotates fast, satisfies the also needs of field function of stubble-cleaning function and straw chopping respectively.
CN2010101751122A 2010-05-18 2010-05-18 Stalk cutting and stubble cleaning integrated machine Expired - Fee Related CN101926254B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101751122A CN101926254B (en) 2010-05-18 2010-05-18 Stalk cutting and stubble cleaning integrated machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101751122A CN101926254B (en) 2010-05-18 2010-05-18 Stalk cutting and stubble cleaning integrated machine

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CN101926254A CN101926254A (en) 2010-12-29
CN101926254B true CN101926254B (en) 2012-02-22

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102197746A (en) * 2011-05-20 2011-09-28 周鹏 Rice and wheat straw chopper matched with longitudinal axial flow roller harvester
CN102349390B (en) * 2011-07-06 2013-08-28 华南农业大学 Crop stubble digging harvester
CN102812818B (en) * 2012-08-31 2016-01-20 临海市恒丰机械有限公司 A kind of cutting conveying integrated device of cane harvester
CN105284299A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-03 苏州市诚品精密机械有限公司 Multifunctional stubble cleaning machine

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4502267A (en) * 1980-08-14 1985-03-05 National Research Development Corporation Crop engaging apparatus and methods
CN2279049Y (en) * 1996-12-13 1998-04-22 朱家广 Cornstalk crushing and stubble cleaning returning to field machine
CN2487215Y (en) * 2001-07-19 2002-04-24 张泽存 Stalk returning machine
CN2509827Y (en) * 2001-10-15 2002-09-11 李尚富 Rotary straw stubble cleaner

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4502267A (en) * 1980-08-14 1985-03-05 National Research Development Corporation Crop engaging apparatus and methods
CN2279049Y (en) * 1996-12-13 1998-04-22 朱家广 Cornstalk crushing and stubble cleaning returning to field machine
CN2487215Y (en) * 2001-07-19 2002-04-24 张泽存 Stalk returning machine
CN2509827Y (en) * 2001-10-15 2002-09-11 李尚富 Rotary straw stubble cleaner

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Publication number Publication date
CN101926254A (en) 2010-12-29

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