CN101905739B - Water hyacinth combined salvage processing device - Google Patents

Water hyacinth combined salvage processing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101905739B
CN101905739B CN 201010235473 CN201010235473A CN101905739B CN 101905739 B CN101905739 B CN 101905739B CN 201010235473 CN201010235473 CN 201010235473 CN 201010235473 A CN201010235473 A CN 201010235473A CN 101905739 B CN101905739 B CN 101905739B
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roller
salvage
dehydration
water
water hyacinth
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CN 201010235473
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CN101905739A (en
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李学麒
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李学麒
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Abstract

The invention discloses a water hyacinth combined salvage processing device comprising a movable type water-surface working platform and an electric device, wherein a power propelling device is fixed on the movable type water-surface working platform, and the movable type water-surface working platform is sequentially provided with a salvage device, a dewatering device, a grinding device and a compression packing device, wherein the salvage device is arranged at the front end of the movable type water-surface working platform; the discharge end of the salvage device corresponds to the dewatering feed inlet of the dewatering device; the dewatering discharge outlet of the dewatering device corresponds to the feed inlet of the grinding device; the grinding discharge outlet of the grinding device corresponds to the compression feed inlet of the compression packing device; and the electric device is connected with the salvage device, the dewatering device, the grinding device and the compression packing device. The invention completes the processing process from salvage to dewatering, grinding, compressing and packing on one working platform and has the advantages of low cost, fast speed and large number of salvage and processing, decreased blind working area, low labor intensity, prolonged one-time shipping work period of a salvage ship and reduced direction cost of land transportation.

Description

Water hyacinth combined salvage processing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to mechanical salvage processing device, specifically a kind of water hyacinth combined salvage processing device that is applied on the water surface.
Background technology
Water hyacinth is the perennial hydrophyte of a kind of happiness warm type, floats on water surface growth, and fast growth, reproductive capacity are extremely strong.Raised growth in river, lake causes river course obstruction, lake surface alluvial.Not only caused serious water pollution, also affected urban look, to agricultural irrigation, communications and transportation, obstruction flood discharge, and destroyed the water ecosystem balance because of water pollution, its negative effect is extremely far-reaching extensively.
The method of administering at present water hyacinth generally has artificial salvaging, chemical prevention and biological control etc., manually salvage labour intensity large, take effect slowly, large tracts of land has little time cleaning at all when occuring; Chemical prevention does a lot of damage to water ecosystem, and the water hyacinth that rots to fall can cause Re-pollution to water environment; Measure of biotic control is unpredictable to the secondary action of the alien species of introduction.
For addressing this problem, be the disclosed a kind of water hyacinth rescue vessel of utility model patent of CN2605196 such as publication number, but this ship is that water hyacinth is salvaged, and follow-up processing need to be transported to other places to be carried out, dispose discontinuous, increase traffic cost, labour intensity is large; Publication number is the disclosed salvaging processing equipment of the utility model patent of CN2763350, CN201305844, can finish salvaging, pulverizing or cutting to water hyacinth, but still has the incomplete shortcoming of processing; Publication number is the disclosed pipeline apparatus for hyacinth salvage boat of the patent of invention of CN1522932, at first uses three water blast gun torn into small pieces with large stretch of water hyacinth in hull the place ahead during work, and noise is larger; Do not have pulverising step after the salvaging, still need to carry out follow-up comminution process; Hull is catamaran, and cost, cost are higher.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is for the deficiencies in the prior art, and provide that a kind of water hyacinth combined salvage processing device, this device have that cost is low, salvaging speed is fast, salvage quantity large, reduce the work blind area of salvaging, disposal speed is fast, labour intensity is less, the disposable cycle of operations that goes out ship that increases salvor, the advantage that reduces the direct cost of terrestrial transportation.
The objective of the invention is to realize by following technical scheme.
A kind of water hyacinth combined salvage processing device, comprise the portable water surface workplatform and the electric installation that are fixed with Powerpush Unit, unlike the prior art be: be sequentially with fishing device on the workplatform, dehydration plant, reducing mechanism and compression packing device, fishing device is arranged on the front end of workplatform, the discharge end of fishing device is corresponding with the dehydration feeding mouth in the dehydration plant, dehydration discharging opening in the dehydration plant is corresponding with the inlet point in the reducing mechanism, pulverizing discharging opening in the reducing mechanism is corresponding with the compression feeding mouth in the compression packing device, electric installation respectively with fishing device, dehydration plant, reducing mechanism is connected with compression packing device.
The below of described pulverizing discharging opening is connected by belt conveyor with the top of compression feeding mouth.
Described fishing device comprises housing, is provided with the salvaging roller that digs tooth and transmits roller, fence I and fence II, salvage roller and be arranged on the front end of workplatform close to water surface place, transmitting roller is arranged between the dehydration feeding mouth of salvaging in roller and the dehydration plant, transmit the roller front end dig tooth and salvaging roller to dig tooth corresponding, the rear end of transmitting roller is discharge end, on the rear end dig tooth with the dehydration feeding mouth corresponding, the fence I that the vertical setting in top of salvaging roller is connected with housing, the below arranges the fence II that is connected with workplatform.
Described salvaging roller is arranged on the workplatform, and adjustable-height.
Described dehydration plant is for rolling roller.
Described reducing mechanism is comminutor, and the blade of this comminutor is divided into three layers, every layer of two blade, the edge of a knife of blade down, according to order from top to bottom, the length of blade increases successively.
Described compression packing device comprises tank wall, be arranged on the top hydraulic actuating cylinder at tank wall top and be arranged on the sidepiece hydraulic actuating cylinder of tank wall side, the mouth of top hydraulic actuating cylinder is connected with compressive plate, the mouth of sidepiece hydraulic actuating cylinder is connected with push pedal, and the tank wall place corresponding with push pedal is provided with material receiving.
Adopt above-mentioned technical scheme, during work, the front end of salvaging roller is rotated down, the tooth that digs of salvaging roller takes the water hyacinth that touches to transmission roller digging on the tooth, the hand of rotation that transmits roller is opposite with the salvaging roller, the tooth that digs that transmits roller takes water hyacinth in the dehydration plant to, roll dehydration by the roller that rolls in the dehydration plant, enter in the reducing mechanism after the dehydration and pulverize, water hyacinth after the pulverizing enters compression packing device by belt conveyor, compressed by compressive plate by the top hydraulic actuating cylinder first, the water hyacinth after then will being compressed by push pedal by the sidepiece hydraulic actuating cylinder is pushed to material receiving, enters in the isolated packing bag and packs.It is about 80% by above disposal process about 20 times of the volume-diminished of water hyacinth fibre slag, weight to be reduced, and repair ship goes out ship once can load more water hyacinth, relatively also can reduce the draft amount of hull; Salvage roller and can move up and down the degree of depth of regulating drinking water, adapt to and in the water of various different depths, carry out fishing job, reduce the work blind area of salvaging.
The present invention has finished a complete set of disposal process that water hyacinth dewaters, pulverizes, compresses, packs from salvaging at a workplatform, have that cost is low, salvage and disposal rate is fast, salvage quantity large, reduce that work blind area, the hand labor intensity of salvaging are less, the disposable cycle of operations that goes out ship that increases salvor, the advantage that reduces the direct cost of terrestrial transportation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Among the figure, 1. salvage roller 2. housings 3. fence I 4. transmission rollers 5. dehydration feeding mouths 6. and roll roller 7. dehydration discharging openings 8. blades 9. pulverizing discharging openings 10. top hydraulic actuating cylinders 11. compressive plates 12. tank walls 13. material receivings 14. electric installations 15. workplatformes 16. push pedals 17. sidepiece hydraulic actuating cylinders 18. compression feeding mouths 19. belt conveyor 20. comminutors 21. fence II.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples content of the present invention is further described, but is not limitation of the invention.
Embodiment:
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of water hyacinth combined salvage processing device of the present invention, comprise the portable water surface workplatform 15 and the electric installation 14 that are fixed with Powerpush Unit, be sequentially with fishing device on the workplatform 15, dehydration plant, reducing mechanism and compression packing device, fishing device is arranged on the front end of workplatform 15, the discharge end of fishing device is corresponding with the dehydration feeding mouth 5 in the dehydration plant, dehydration discharging opening 7 in the dehydration plant is corresponding with the inlet point in the reducing mechanism, pulverizing discharging opening 9 in the reducing mechanism is corresponding with the compression feeding mouth 18 in the compression packing device, electric installation 14 respectively with fishing device, dehydration plant, reducing mechanism is connected with compression packing device, and electric installation 14 adopts diesel generation equipment.
The below of pulverizing discharging opening 9 is connected by belt conveyor 19 with the top of compression feeding mouth 18, and water hyacinth is carried by belt conveyor 19, can reduce the height of reducing mechanism, thereby reduce the height of a whole set of disposal plant, makes salvor can pass the bridge opening, and comformability is higher.
Fishing device comprises housing 2, be provided with the salvaging roller 1 that digs tooth and transmit roller 4, fence I 3 and fence II 21, salvage roller 1 and be arranged on the front end of workplatform 15 close to water surface place, transmitting roller 4 is arranged between the dehydration feeding mouth 5 of salvaging in roller 1 and the dehydration plant, transmit roller 4 front ends dig tooth and salvaging roller 1 to dig tooth corresponding, the rear end of transmitting roller 4 is discharge end, on the rear end dig tooth with the dehydration feeding mouth 5 corresponding, the fence I 3 that the vertical setting in top of salvaging roller 1 is connected with housing 2, the below arranges the fence II 21 that is connected with workplatform 15.
Salvage roller 1 and be arranged on the portable water surface workplatform 15, and adjustable-height, so that the underwater penetration that water surface workplatform draft can be regulated salvaging roller 1 when changing can adapt to aquatic environment better.
Portable water surface workplatform 15 can adopt single hull.
Dehydration plant is for rolling roller 6, the quantity that rolls roller 6 in this example is three, three are rolled when roller rotates under the drive of motor and cooperatively interact, water hyacinth is rolled dehydration, two the milling roller cylinders corresponding with dehydration feeding mouth 5 form and roll entrance, and two the milling roller cylinders corresponding with dehydration discharging opening 7 form and roll outlet.
Reducing mechanism is existing comminutor 20, and different is that the blade 8 of this comminutor 20 is divided into three layers, every layer of two blade, the edge of a knife of blade 8 down, according to order from top to bottom, the length of blade 8 increases successively, and this arrangement mode of blade 8 has preferably crushing effect.
Compression packing device comprises tank wall 12, be arranged on the top hydraulic actuating cylinder 10 at tank wall 12 tops and be arranged on the sidepiece hydraulic actuating cylinder 17 of tank wall 12 sides, the mouth of top hydraulic actuating cylinder 10 is connected with compressive plate 11, the mouth of sidepiece hydraulic actuating cylinder 17 is connected with push pedal 16, tank wall 12 places corresponding with push pedal 16 are provided with material receiving 13, after compressed plate 11 compressions of water hyacinth after the disposal, be pushed to material receiving 13 by push pedal 16, enter in the isolated packing bag and pack, finished a complete set of disposal process that water hyacinth dewaters, pulverizes, compresses, packs from salvaging to.

Claims (5)

1. water hyacinth combined salvage processing device, comprise the portable water surface workplatform and the electric installation that are fixed with Powerpush Unit, be sequentially with fishing device on the workplatform, dehydration plant, reducing mechanism and compression packing device, fishing device is arranged on the front end of workplatform, its discharge end is corresponding with the dehydration feeding mouth in the dehydration plant, dehydration discharging opening in the dehydration plant is corresponding with the inlet point in the reducing mechanism, pulverizing discharging opening in the reducing mechanism is corresponding with the compression feeding mouth in the compression packing device, electric installation respectively with fishing device, dehydration plant, reducing mechanism is connected with compression packing device, it is characterized in that:
Described fishing device comprises housing, is provided with the salvaging roller that digs tooth and transmits roller, fence I and fence II, salvage roller and be arranged on the front end of workplatform close to water surface place, transmitting roller is arranged between the dehydration feeding mouth of salvaging in roller and the dehydration plant, transmit the roller front end dig tooth and salvaging roller to dig tooth corresponding, the rear end of transmitting roller is discharge end, on the rear end dig tooth with the dehydration feeding mouth corresponding, salvage the top of roller vertical be provided with the fence I that is connected with housing, the below is provided with the fence II that is connected with workplatform.
2. water hyacinth combined salvage processing device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the below of described pulverizing discharging opening is connected by belt conveyor with the top of compression feeding mouth.
3. water hyacinth combined salvage processing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dehydration plant is for rolling roller.
4. water hyacinth combined salvage processing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described reducing mechanism is comminutor, the blade of this comminutor is divided into three layers, every layer of two blade, the edge of a knife of blade down, according to order from top to bottom, the length of blade increases successively.
5. water hyacinth combined salvage processing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described compression packing device comprises tank wall, be arranged on the top hydraulic actuating cylinder at tank wall top and be arranged on the sidepiece hydraulic actuating cylinder of tank wall side, the mouth of top hydraulic actuating cylinder is connected with compressive plate, the mouth of sidepiece hydraulic actuating cylinder is connected with push pedal, and the tank wall place corresponding with push pedal is provided with material receiving.
CN 201010235473 2010-07-22 2010-07-22 Water hyacinth combined salvage processing device Active CN101905739B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010235473 CN101905739B (en) 2010-07-22 2010-07-22 Water hyacinth combined salvage processing device

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CN101905739A CN101905739A (en) 2010-12-08
CN101905739B true CN101905739B (en) 2013-04-03

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102388721B (en) * 2011-11-11 2013-03-27 张家港市飞驰机械制造有限公司 Large-scale water hyacinth processing device and large-scale water hyacinth collecting method
CN103733808B (en) * 2013-12-18 2015-07-29 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Weter hyacinth harvesting processing motor vessel and harvesting processing technology thereof
CN104831697B (en) * 2015-05-13 2017-01-25 广西梧州运龙港船机械制造有限公司 Ship for removing aquatic plants in riverways
CN106400761A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-02-15 天津尚吉液压设备有限公司 Device for cleaning garbage on water surface for ship body
CN109398626A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-03-01 合肥维奥科技有限公司 A kind of pollution control river surface garbage cleaning device and control system
CN109703709B (en) * 2019-01-28 2021-03-12 安徽佳明环保科技股份有限公司 Water surface scum treatment device for river channel cleaning ship
CN111017124B (en) * 2019-12-30 2021-02-19 张家港江苏科技大学产业技术研究院 Water surface garbage comprehensive cleaning ship
CN111098987A (en) * 2020-02-19 2020-05-05 温州市推木科技有限公司 Automatic pulverize compaction's water hyacinth salvage ship
CN111851449A (en) * 2020-07-23 2020-10-30 崔潇哲 Water hyacinth fishing device
CN111926789A (en) * 2020-07-27 2020-11-13 淮阴师范学院 Aquatic plant collecting and treating ship

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JPH0295999A (en) * 1988-09-30 1990-04-06 Shin Meiwa Ind Co Ltd Water surface floating object processing system
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