CN101871237A - Exterior wall insulated structure and building method thereof - Google Patents

Exterior wall insulated structure and building method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101871237A
CN101871237A CN 201010207154 CN201010207154A CN101871237A CN 101871237 A CN101871237 A CN 101871237A CN 201010207154 CN201010207154 CN 201010207154 CN 201010207154 A CN201010207154 A CN 201010207154A CN 101871237 A CN101871237 A CN 101871237A
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China
Prior art keywords
layer
wall
pull piece
insulation layer
exterior wall
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CN 201010207154
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Chinese (zh)
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林淑芬
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林淑芬
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Priority to CN 201010207154 priority Critical patent/CN101871237A/en
Publication of CN101871237A publication Critical patent/CN101871237A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses an exterior wall insulated structure, which comprises an inner layer consisting of concrete, an outer layer arranged on the outer side of the inner layer and consisting of fiber cement motar and an insulated layer arranged between the inner layer and the outer layer. The invention also discloses a method for building an insulated exterior wall, which comprises the following steps of: a) fixedly arranging steel bars for the wall, and arranging the insulated layer between the steel bars of the inner layer and the outer layer; b) arranging a steel mould, and determining the arranging position of the steel mould according to the thickness of the wall; c) simultaneously casting concrete on the inner side and the outer side of the insulated layer in the steel mould; and d) after the concrete is solidified, disassembling the steel mould. The exterior wall insulated structure is convenient to build; and because the concrete is simultaneously cast on two sides of the insulated layer in a fluid fit mode, the outer layer, the inner layer and the insulated layer are tightly attached, air gaps and moisture are difficult to generate in the middle, the insulation effect is improved and the service life is prolonged.

Description

A kind of exterior wall insulated structure and construction method thereof
Technical field
The method that the present invention relates to a kind of exterior wall insulated structure and build this exterior wall.
Background technology
Because the day of international energy supply is becoming tight, for making the Chinese society sustainable economic development, building energy conservation more and more is subjected to the attention of nation-building department, particularly at the northern area of China, in autumn and winter season, indoor/outdoor temperature-difference is big, if do not carry out indoor insulation, will bring the diffusing consumption of heat energy, it is very disadvantageous to energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Exterior wall insulated structure of the prior art, generally as shown in Figure 1, by outdoor extremely indoor, successively by exterior wall layer 1, interfacial agents layer 2, adiabator layer 3, anticracking grout enhancement Layer 4, flexible waterproof putty layer 5, dope layer 6.After at first the external wall structure of main body being processed, by being coated with corresponding interfacial agents at adiabator layer and exterior wall layer, make heat insulating material, adhesive strength as heat preservation slurry, Poly Foam etc. and surface of wall improves, and adds the anticracking grout enhancement Layer then, and be pressed into grid cloth at it, increase the crack resistance of body of wall, be coated with at last and enclose flexible waterproof putty layer and dope layer, the water-resistance of increase body of wall and attractive in appearance.This structure makes insulation layer join in the body of wall preferably, realizes the function of heat insulation in house.But because it is processed as layering and carries out, its construction is not too convenient, the auxiliary agent of using at each interlayer has increased the cost of exterior-wall heat insulation, easily form space and moisture simultaneously in the body of wall content, variation along with temperature, especially northerly winter, day and night temperature is very big, the change procedure of steam in body of wall through constantly condensing-melt-condensing again-melt again, make the gap in the body of wall more and more expand change greatly, aqueous vapor is cumulative, is easy to cause metope to come off, thereby has shortened the application life of body of wall.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to provide a kind of exterior wall insulated structure, it can effectively reduce air gap, improves body of wall application life.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of method of building heat preserving exterior wall, it can effectively reduce air gap, improves body of wall application life.
A kind of exterior wall insulated structure comprises the internal layer that is made of concrete, in the internal layer arranged outside by the skin of forming by the fiber cement mortar, internal layer and outside interlayer be provided with insulation layer.
A kind of method of building exterior wall comprises the steps:
A) structure reinforcing bars of fixed installation body of wall, insulation layer places between internal layer and the outer reinforcement;
B) punching block is installed, is determined the installation site of punching block according to the thickness position of body of wall;
C) the interior outside while casting concrete of insulation layer in punching block;
D) treat the concrete setting moulding, tear punching block open.
Exterior wall insulated structure of the present invention is provided with the fiber cement mortar, interior layer concrete at the skin of insulation layer, by the method for casting simultaneously in the insulation layer both sides, the fluid of internal layer and outer both sides is fitted tightly insulation layer, thereby can effectively reduce air gap, improve body of wall application life.
The outer wall method of construction of the present invention; after in body of wall, installing reinforcing bar and heat insulating material; punching block is fixed; by simultaneously to the insulation layer both sides casting concrete of wall; the concrete of casting is a fluid; the mode that its fluid that adopts is fitted; skin, internal layer and insulation layer are fitted tightly; middle being difficult for produces air gap and aqueous vapor, helps improving its application life, and the joint place of concrete and insulation layer can not produce the gap; can not seep water; thereby make it molten phenomenon can not occur freezing in winter, can not peel off, thereby prolong body of wall application life with the protection exterior wall.
Description of drawings
Figure 1 shows that the structural representation of body of wall in the prior art;
Fig. 2 is an exterior wall insulated structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further illustrated.
As Fig. 2, the exterior wall insulated structure among the present invention comprises the internal layer 7 that is made of steel concrete, i.e. an indoor side of wall; In the internal layer arranged outside skin 8 that is made of the fiber cement mortar is arranged, i.e. an outdoor side of wall; Be provided with insulation layer 9 at outer and interior interlayer, heat insulating material is generally selected the Poly Foam material for use, utilizes its excellent insulating performance, and indoor and outdoor is carried out heat-insulation and heat-preservation; In internal layer and skin, be distributed with the horizontal bar 10 and vertical stud 11 of level, have pull piece 12 to pass insulation layer 9, the horizontal bar 10 and stud 11 of fixedly connected internal layer 7 and skin 8.Adopt this structure, the fiber cement mortar can improve the pull resistance of body of wall, thereby has increased the firmness of body of wall.
The method of construction exterior wall of the present invention comprises the steps:
1. baffle plate A is inserted in the draw-in groove 16 of pull piece 12, and is fixed on the pull piece 12;
2. use hot pin at horizontal bar and stud infall, insulation is inserted formed a hole, again pull piece 12 is inserted this hole;
3. baffle plate B is inserted in the groove 15 of pull piece 12, and structural wall horizontal bar 10 is striden in the groove 15 on the pull piece 12, fixedly makes reinforcing bar be adjacent to pull piece 12 and fixing by riveted or other mode
4. fix by riveted or other mode, baffle plate B is fixed in the groove 15 on the pull piece 12, and is adjacent to insulation layer 9, insulation layer 9 just is fixed on preposition like this.
5. will protect wall horizontal bar 10 to stride in the groove 15 on the pull piece 12, fix, and make it be adjacent to pull piece 12 and fixing by riveted or other mode;
6. inner and outer template 14 is installed, and is made the two ends of pull piece 12 be close to inner and outer template 14;
7. internal layer 8 structural walls and outer 7 protection walls are cast simultaneously in punching block, and the control teeming height, and are poor with the lateral pressure that reduces the insulation layer both sides;
8. treat the concrete setting moulding, form removal 14.
The used punching block of the method for the invention, its Chinese patent (patent No.: 90103054, patent name: a kind of steel form for buildings) have open, this punching block is fixed,, once promptly plastic by simultaneously to the insulation layer both sides casting concrete of wall, bring great convenience to construction.And in the casting of the adiabator layer both sides of wall, its pressure that both sides produced at heat insulating material is suitable, and skin, internal layer and insulation layer are fitted tightly simultaneously, and the middle generation air gap that is difficult for, and makes insulation layer be difficult for oxidation, helps improving its application life.
Be the resistance to tension of raising exterior wall, in the above-mentioned steps, at outer side casting fiber cement mortar, at internal layer one side casting steel concrete.
Outer more firm for making with combining of internal layer, internal layer and outside interlayer be provided with horizontal bar and stud, pull piece is arranged at the infall of horizontal bar and the stud insulation layer of boring a hole, internal layer is connected with stud with outer field horizontal bar.Make internal layer and outer interlayer stressed on pull piece and the horizontal bar and stud that link to each other with pull piece, make body of wall be difficult for outer moving.
For further making the convenience of constructing in the building course, need before carrying out casting concrete insulation layer be fixed, fixing mode is a lot, and the present invention adopts and be provided with stator on described pull piece, when pull piece passes insulation layer, be fixedly mounted on the insulation layer both sides.Fixing reliably by a plurality of pull pieces like this to insulation layer, make the construction construction more convenient.

Claims (6)

1. an exterior wall insulated structure comprises the internal layer (7) that is made of concrete, it is characterized in that, by the skin of being made up of the fiber cement mortar (8), is provided with insulation layer (9) in the internal layer arranged outside between internal layer (7) and outer (8).
2. a method of building exterior wall is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
A) structure reinforcing bars of fixed installation body of wall, insulation layer places between internal layer and the outer reinforcement;
B) punching block is installed, is determined the installation site of punching block according to the thickness position of body of wall;
C) the interior outside while casting concrete of insulation layer in punching block;
D) treat the concrete setting moulding, tear punching block open.
3. the outer wall method of construction according to claim 2 is characterized in that described step a) may further comprise the steps:
1), baffle plate (A) is inserted in the draw-in groove (16) of pull piece (12), and is fixed on the pull piece (12);
2), use hot pin at horizontal bar and stud infall, insulation is inserted hole of formation, again pull piece (12) is inserted this hole;
3), baffle plate (B) is inserted in the groove (15) of pull piece (12), and structural wall horizontal bar (10) striden in the groove (15) on the pull piece (12), fixedly makes reinforcing bar be adjacent to pull piece (12) and fixing by riveted or other mode;
4), fix, baffle plate (B) is fixed in the groove (15) on the pull piece (12), and is adjacent to insulation layer (9), make insulation layer (9) be fixed on preposition by riveted or other mode;
5), will protect wall horizontal bar (10) to stride in the groove (15) on the pull piece (12), fix by riveted or other mode, make it be adjacent to pull piece (12) and fixing.
4. the outer wall method of construction according to claim 2 is characterized in that, in the described step c), at outer side casting fiber cement mortar, at internal layer one side casting concrete.
5. the method for construction exterior wall according to claim 2 is characterized in that, in the described step a), internal layer and outer interlayer are equipped with horizontal bar and stud, and the infall perforation insulation layer of pull piece at horizontal bar and stud arranged, and internal layer is connected with stud with outer field horizontal bar.
6. the method for construction exterior wall according to claim 4 is characterized in that, described pull piece is provided with stator (13), when pull piece passes insulation layer, is fixedly mounted on the insulation layer both sides.
CN 201010207154 2010-06-22 2010-06-22 Exterior wall insulated structure and building method thereof Pending CN101871237A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010207154 CN101871237A (en) 2010-06-22 2010-06-22 Exterior wall insulated structure and building method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010207154 CN101871237A (en) 2010-06-22 2010-06-22 Exterior wall insulated structure and building method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101871237A true CN101871237A (en) 2010-10-27

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102251671A (en) * 2011-03-25 2011-11-23 唐山北极熊建材有限公司 Exterior heat insulation on-site construction process of exterior wall based on foaming cement material
CN109487790A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-03-19 中水电第十工程局(郑州)有限公司 A kind of concrete heat-insulating method suitable for the big temperature difference area of High aititude
CN111764650A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-10-13 蔡汉阳 Stripping device and stripping method for building construction

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040035073A1 (en) * 2002-08-26 2004-02-26 Bravinski Leonid G 3-D construction modules
CN1827937A (en) * 2006-03-24 2006-09-06 吴淑环 Binding type thermal-insulation composite wall with support
CN201144480Y (en) * 2007-12-28 2008-11-05 周德新 Compound disposable cast reinforced concrete thermal insulation board
CN101319525A (en) * 2008-07-21 2008-12-10 河南锦源建设有限公司 Externally reinforced concrete irrigated and heat preservation wall structure embedded energy-saving system and its construction method
CN101538902A (en) * 2009-03-26 2009-09-23 李跃刚 Concrete heat insulation wall and construction method
CN101619783A (en) * 2008-07-03 2010-01-06 天津万联管道工程有限公司 Fiber cement mortar prestressed concrete tube

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040035073A1 (en) * 2002-08-26 2004-02-26 Bravinski Leonid G 3-D construction modules
CN1827937A (en) * 2006-03-24 2006-09-06 吴淑环 Binding type thermal-insulation composite wall with support
CN201144480Y (en) * 2007-12-28 2008-11-05 周德新 Compound disposable cast reinforced concrete thermal insulation board
CN101619783A (en) * 2008-07-03 2010-01-06 天津万联管道工程有限公司 Fiber cement mortar prestressed concrete tube
CN101319525A (en) * 2008-07-21 2008-12-10 河南锦源建设有限公司 Externally reinforced concrete irrigated and heat preservation wall structure embedded energy-saving system and its construction method
CN101538902A (en) * 2009-03-26 2009-09-23 李跃刚 Concrete heat insulation wall and construction method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102251671A (en) * 2011-03-25 2011-11-23 唐山北极熊建材有限公司 Exterior heat insulation on-site construction process of exterior wall based on foaming cement material
CN102251671B (en) * 2011-03-25 2013-03-20 唐山北极熊建材有限公司 Exterior heat insulation on-site construction process of exterior wall based on foaming cement material
CN109487790A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-03-19 中水电第十工程局(郑州)有限公司 A kind of concrete heat-insulating method suitable for the big temperature difference area of High aititude
CN111764650A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-10-13 蔡汉阳 Stripping device and stripping method for building construction
CN111764650B (en) * 2020-07-15 2021-11-05 新昌县品创建筑设计有限公司 Stripping device and stripping method for building construction

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